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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096724/essential-items-for-structured-reporting-of-rectal-cancer-mri-2016-consensus-recommendation-from-the-korean-society-of-abdominal-radiology
#1
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
High-resolution rectal MRI plays a crucial role in evaluating rectal cancer by providing multiple prognostic findings and imaging features that guide proper patient management. Quality reporting is critical for accurate effective communication of the information among multiple disciplines, for which a systematic structured approach is beneficial. Existing guides on reporting of rectal MRI are divergent on some issues, largely reflecting the differences in overall management of rectal cancer patients between the United States and Europe...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091605/cubosomes-from-hierarchical-self-assembly-of-poly-ionic-liquid-block-copolymers
#2
Hongkun He, Khosrow Rahimi, Mingjiang Zhong, Ahmed Mourran, David R Luebke, Hunaid B Nulwala, Martin Möller, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski
Cubosomes are micro- and nanoparticles with a bicontinuous cubic two-phase structure, reported for the self-assembly of low molecular weight surfactants, for example, lipids, but rarely formed by polymers. These objects are characterized by a maximum continuous interface and high interface to volume ratio, which makes them promising candidates for efficient adsorbents and host-guest applications. Here we demonstrate self-assembly to nanoscale cuboidal particles with a bicontinuous cubic structure by amphiphilic poly(ionic liquid) diblock copolymers, poly(acrylic acid)-block-poly(4-vinylbenzyl)-3-butyl imidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, in a mixture of tetrahydrofuran and water under optimized conditions...
January 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069356/radiology-reports-what-you-think-you-re-saying-and-what-they-think-you-re-saying
#3
Bonmyong Lee, Matthew T Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Image interpretation and translation into written language is an imperfect process. Yet, the radiology report represents the link between radiologist's opinion and patient's images. Increased access to images through remote viewing stations has made direct communication between radiologists and clinicians less commonplace. We are interested in how accurately the descriptive contents within radiology reports convey the feelings of the radiologist to the referring clinician...
November 16, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062089/structured-reporting-of-magnetic-resonance-enterography-for-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-effect-on-key-feature-reporting-and-subjective-assessment-of-disease-by-referring-physicians
#4
Benjamin Wildman-Tobriner, Brian C Allen, Joseph T Davis, Chad M Miller, Gary R Schooler, Nancy M McGreal, Reinaldo Quevedo, Julie K Thacker, Tracy A Jaffe
PURPOSE: To objectively compare the content of structured reports (SR) vs nonstructured reports (NSR) for magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease, and to evaluate referring clinicians' subjective assessment of reports. METHODS: This institutional review board-approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant retrospective study included 25 pediatric subjects (15 male, 10 female; mean age = 14 years [range: 9-18 years]) with Crohn's disease imaged with MRE...
December 5, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048685/tu-d-201-08-experience-complying-with-the-joint-commission-element-of-performance-on-radiation-dose-index-monitoring
#5
M P Supanich
PURPOSE: A new Joint Commission element of performance effective July 2015 requires incidents where the radiation dose index exceeds a defined level be reviewed, analyzed and compared to external benchmarks. This work offers a comprehensive review of the CT exams in which the notification level was exceeded and the reason at one academic medical center. This review may help other institutions set reference levels at clinically relevant values. METHODS: Radiation Dose Structured Reports from each of the 5 diagnostic CT scanners at our institution are automatically sent to our radiation dose index monitoring software platform, Radimetrics from Bayer Healthcare...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047968/tu-d-209-04-how-useful-are-indirect-dose-metrics-for-estimating-peak-skin-dose-in-interventional-cardiology
#6
A Jones, A Pasciak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship between indirect dose metrics and PSD could be established for fluoroscopically-guided interventional cardiology procedures. METHODS: PSD were measured directly using XR-RV3 radiochromic film for 94 consecutive fluoroscopically guided interventional cardiology procedures performed at two sites. Procedures were both diagnostic and therapeutic in nature. Radiation dose structured reports (RDSR) were collected for each procedure and used to calculate indirect estimates of PSD which were compared to the measured PSD...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047591/su-g-iep3-12-preliminary-report-on-the-experience-of-patient-radiation-dose-monitoring-and-tracking-systems-pemnet-radimetrics-and-dosewatch
#7
P Lin, F Corwin, M Ghita
PURPOSE: Three patient radiation dose monitoring and tracking (PRDMT) systems have been in operation at this institution for the past 6 months. There are useful information that should be disseminated to those who are considering installation of PRDMT programs. In addition, there are "problems" uncovered in the process of estimating fluoroscopic "peak" skin dose (PSD), especially, for those patients who received interventional angiographic studies and in conjunction with surgical procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043497/ten-years-experience-of-directly-observed-treatment-short-course-dots-in-gambella-regional-state-ethiopia-an-evaluation-of-tuberculosis-control-program
#8
Solomon Sisay, Belete Mengistu, Woldargay Erku, Desalegne Woldeyohannes
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) declared tuberculosis (TB) as a global public health emergency and recommended DOTS as a standard strategy for controlling the disease. TB is one of the major causes of infectious diseases in the world, and 25% of all avoidable deaths in developing countries. About a third of the world's population is estimated to be infected with tubercle bacilli, and hence at risk of developing active disease. The objective of the study was, therefore, to evaluate the impact of DOTS strategy on smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis case finding and their treatment outcomes in Gambella Regional State, Ethiopia...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031049/clinical-and-radiological-features-driving-patient-selection-for-antiangiogenic-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#9
Cesare Gridelli, Andrea Camerini, Giovanni Pappagallo, Angelo Pennella, Michele Anzidei, Massimo Bellomi, Roberta Buosi, Rosario Francesco Grasso
BACKGROUND: The use of antiangiogenic therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) requires thorough evaluation of patient characteristics in order to avoid potential safety issues, particularly pulmonary haemorrhage (PH). The aim of this consensus by a panel of experts was to identify important criteria for the selection of patients with NSCLC who would benefit from antiangiogenic therapy. METHODS: Radiologists and oncologists were selected for the expert panel...
December 28, 2016: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027857/structured-reporting-a-tool-to-improve-reimbursement
#10
Kristine Pysarenko, Michael Recht, Danny Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012730/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-prostate-interpretation-using-the-pi-rads-v2
#11
A Torregrosa Andrés, M Otero García, M Sineiro Galiñanes
OBJECTIVE: Version 2 of the Prostate Imaging and Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) was developed to help in the detection, location, and characterization of prostate cancer with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Its recommendations for standardizing image acquisition parameters aims to reduce variability in the interpretation of MRI studies of the prostate; this approach, together with structured reporting, has the added value of improving communication among radiologists and between radiologists and urologists...
December 21, 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007597/computational-proteome-wide-screening-predicts-neurotoxic-drug-protein-interactome-for-the-investigational-analgesic-bia-10-2474
#12
Steven V Molinski, Vijay M Shahani, Stephen S MacKinnon, Leonard D Morayniss, Marcon Laforet, Geoffrey Woollard, Naheed Kurji, Cecilia G Sanchez, Shoshana J Wodak, Andreas Windemuth
The investigational compound BIA 10-2474, designed as a long-acting and reversible inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase for the treatment of neuropathic pain, led to the death of one participant and hospitalization of five others due to intracranial hemorrhage in a Phase I clinical trial. Putative off-target activities of BIA 10-2474 have been suggested to be major contributing factors to the observed neurotoxicity in humans, motivating our study's proteome-wide screening approach to investigate its polypharmacology...
December 20, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004274/imaging-biomarkers-of-dementia-recommended-visual-rating-scales-with-teaching-cases
#13
REVIEW
Lars-Olof Wahlund, Eric Westman, Danielle van Westen, Anders Wallin, Sara Shams, Lena Cavallin, Elna-Marie Larsson
: The diagnostic work up of dementia may benefit from structured reporting of CT and/or MRI and the use of standardised visual rating scales. We advocate a more widespread use of standardised scales as part of the workflow in clinical and research evaluation of dementia. We propose routine clinical use of rating scales for medial temporal atrophy (MTA), global cortical atrophy (GCA) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH). These scales can be used for evaluation of both CT and MRI and are efficient in routine imaging assessment in dementia, and may improve the accuracy of diagnosis...
December 21, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998685/comprehensive-clinical-implementation-of-dicom-structured-reporting-across-a-radiology-ultrasound-practice-lessons-learned
#14
Nicholas J Hangiandreou, Scott F Stekel, Donald J Tradup
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995839/experience-with-a-novel-global-open-access-template-for-major-incidents-qualitative-feasibility-study
#15
Sabina Fattah, Kari Milch Agledahl, Marius Rehn, Torben Wisborg
OBJECTIVE: The transfer of experiences gained after prehospital medical responses to major incidents has largely been nonsystematic, and better-structured reporting methods have been advocated. A consensus-based template was recently created and implemented as an open-access website. This qualitative study assessed the feasibility of using the template and reporting site. METHODS: Informants who had used or who had been asked to use the template were interviewed...
December 20, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932248/effect-of-template-reporting-of-brain-mris-for-multiple-sclerosis-on-report-thoroughness-and-neurologist-rated-quality-results-of-a-prospective-quality-improvement-project
#16
Elliot Dickerson, Matthew S Davenport, Faiz Syed, Olaf Stuve, Jeffrey A Cohen, John R Rinker, Myla D Goldman, Benjamin M Segal, Bradley R Foerster
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of structured reporting templates on the objective and subjective quality of radiology reports for brain MRIs in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A HIPAA-compliant prospective quality improvement initiative was undertaken to develop and implement a 12-item structured reporting template for brain MRI examinations in patients with known or suspected MS based on published guidelines. Reports created 1 year before implementing the template served as the baseline...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930680/modeled-population-connectivity-across-the-hawaiian-archipelago
#17
Johanna L K Wren, Donald R Kobayashi, Yanli Jia, Robert J Toonen
We present the first comprehensive estimate of connectivity of passive pelagic particles released from coral reef habitat throughout the Hawaiian Archipelago. Potential connectivity is calculated using a Lagrangian particle transport model coupled offline with currents generated by an oceanographic circulation model, MITgcm. The connectivity matrices show a surprising degree of self-recruitment and directional dispersal towards the northwest, from the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI) to the northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918579/a-graph-centric-approach-for-metagenome-guided-peptide-and-protein-identification-in-metaproteomics
#18
Haixu Tang, Sujun Li, Yuzhen Ye
Metaproteomic studies adopt the common bottom-up proteomics approach to investigate the protein composition and the dynamics of protein expression in microbial communities. When matched metagenomic and/or metatranscriptomic data of the microbial communities are available, metaproteomic data analyses often employ a metagenome-guided approach, in which complete or fragmental protein-coding genes are first directly predicted from metagenomic (and/or metatranscriptomic) sequences or from their assemblies, and the resulting protein sequences are then used as the reference database for peptide/protein identification from MS/MS spectra...
December 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914893/near-atomic-resolution-structure-determination-of-a-cypovirus-capsid-and-polymerase-complex-using-cryo-em-at-200kv
#19
Xiaowu Li, Niyun Zhou, Wenyuan Chen, Bin Zhu, Xurong Wang, Bin Xu, Jiawei Wang, Hongrong Liu, Lingpeng Cheng
Single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) allows the high-resolution structural determination of biological assemblies in a near-native environment. However, all high-resolution (better than 3.5Å) cryo-EM structures reported to date were obtained by using 300kV transmission electron microscopes (TEMs). We report here the structures of a cypovirus capsid of 750-Å diameter at 3.3-Å resolution and of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) complexes within the capsid at 3.9-Å resolution using a 200-kV TEM...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910758/antimicrobial-coumarins-from-the-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-ostreatus-agaricomycetes-from-kenya
#20
Lilechi D Baraza, Wekesa Neser, Korir Cheruiyot Jackson, Juma B Fredrick, Ochieno Dennis, Kamau R Wairimu, Aggrey Osogo Keya, Matthias Heydenreich
Pleurotus ostreatus has been widely used as food because of its nutritional and medicinal properties. These have been attributed to the presence of macronutrients, minerals, vitamins, and amino acids, among other secondary metabolites. There are, however, few reports on the antimicrobial activities of different classes of purified compounds from P. ostreatus. This led to the current study, the objective of which was to chemically characterize the antibiotic activities of P. ostreatus against selected human pathogenic bacteria and endophytic fungi...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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