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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100252/guidelines-regarding-%C3%A2-16-of-the-german-transplantation-act-initial-experiences-with-structured-reporting
#1
Daniel Pinto Dos Santos, Gordon Arnhold, Peter Mildenberger, Christoph Düber, Roman Kloeckner
Purpose To transfer the report sheet from the guidelines regarding the German Transplantation Act to a standards-compliant report template and to evaluate it in the clinical routine. Materials and Methods The template was developed using the freely available software brackets.io. It was implemented in the clinical routine using a reporting platform developed in-house. Interfaces to the department RIS and PACS allowed for integration into the usual reporting workflow. The evaluation period was 70 days. Results Developing the template for implementation of the guidelines was possible without any difficulties...
November 3, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099612/diagnostic-performance-and-useful-findings-of-ultrasound-re-evaluation-for-patients-with-equivocal-ct-features-of-acute-appendicitis
#2
Mi Sung Kim, Heon-Ju Kwon, Kyung A Kang, In-Gu Do, Hee-Jin Park, Eun Young Kim, Hyun Pyo Hong, Yoon Jung Choi, Young Hwan Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of ultrasound (US) and to determine which US findings are useful to differentiate appendicitis from non-appendicitis in patients who underwent US re-evaluation due to equivocal computed tomography (CT) features of acute appendicitis. METHODS: Sixty-two patients who underwent CT examinations for suspected appendicitis followed by US re-evaluation due to equivocal CT findings were included. Equivocal CT findings were considered based on the presence of only one or two findings among the CT criteria, and US re-evaluation was done based on a pre-defined structured report form...
November 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091009/evidence-based-reporting-a-method-to-optimize-prostate-mri-communications-with-referring-physicians
#3
Michael J Magnetta, Ashley L Donovan, Bruce L Jacobs, Benjamin J Davies, Alessandro Furlan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop an evidence-based method to optimize prostate MRI reports that would improve communication between urologists and radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quality improvement initiative was approved by the institutional Quality Improvement Review Committee. A structured report was developed containing essential components defined by local practice norms and Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) lexicon version 2...
November 1, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079959/integrating-natural-language-processing-and-machine-learning-algorithms-to-categorize-oncologic-response-in-radiology-reports
#4
Po-Hao Chen, Hanna Zafar, Maya Galperin-Aizenberg, Tessa Cook
A significant volume of medical data remains unstructured. Natural language processing (NLP) and machine learning (ML) techniques have shown to successfully extract insights from radiology reports. However, the codependent effects of NLP and ML in this context have not been well-studied. Between April 1, 2015 and November 1, 2016, 9418 cross-sectional abdomen/pelvis CT and MR examinations containing our internal structured reporting element for cancer were separated into four categories: Progression, Stable Disease, Improvement, or No Cancer...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064758/a-comparison-of-radiologists-and-urologists-opinions-regarding-prostate-mri-reporting-results-from-a-survey-of-specialty-societies
#5
Benjamin Spilseth, Sangeet Ghai, Nayana U Patel, Samir S Taneja, Daniel J Margolis, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare radiologists' and urologists' opinions regarding prostate MRI reporting. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Radiologist members of the Society of Abdominal Radiology and urologist members of the Society of Urologic Oncology received an electronic survey regarding prostate MRI reporting. RESULTS: The response rate was 12% (135/1155) for Society of Abdominal Radiology and 8% (54/663) for Society of Urologic Oncology members...
October 24, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062528/strengthening-international-patient-advocacy-perspectives-on-patient-involvement-in-hta-within-the-htai-patient-and-citizen-involvement-interest-group-commentary
#6
EDITORIAL
Janet L Wale, Anna Mae Scott, Neil Bertelsen, Nick Meade
PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARY: Health Technology Assessment (HTA) is an evidence-based decision-making process, focusing on evaluating health technologies for funding within a healthcare system. 'Health technologies' include medications, medical devices, diagnostics, medical procedures and services. Health Technology Assessment international (HTAi) is a global society for those who produce, use, participate in, or encounter HTA. The HTAi Secretariat supports special interest groups within HTAi...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043428/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-clinical-management-of-rectal-cancer-updated-recommendations-from-the-2016-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-and-abdominal-radiology-esgar-consensus-meeting
#7
Regina G H Beets-Tan, Doenja M J Lambregts, Monique Maas, Shandra Bipat, Brunella Barbaro, Luís Curvo-Semedo, Helen M Fenlon, Marc J Gollub, Sofia Gourtsoyianni, Steve Halligan, Christine Hoeffel, Seung Ho Kim, Andrea Laghi, Andrea Maier, Søren R Rafaelsen, Jaap Stoker, Stuart A Taylor, Michael R Torkzad, Lennart Blomqvist
OBJECTIVES: To update the 2012 ESGAR consensus guidelines on the acquisition, interpretation and reporting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for clinical staging and restaging of rectal cancer. METHODS: Fourteen abdominal imaging experts from the European Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology (ESGAR) participated in a consensus meeting, organised according to an adaptation of the RAND-UCLA Appropriateness Method. Two independent (non-voting) Chairs facilitated the meeting...
October 17, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042843/the-development-description-and-appraisal-of-an-emergent-multimethod-research-design-to-study-workforce-changes-in-integrated-care-interventions
#8
Loraine Busetto, Katrien Luijkx, Stefano Calciolari, Laura G González-Ortiz, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef
INTRODUCTION: In this paper, we provide a detailed and explicit description of the processes and decisions underlying and shaping the emergent multimethod research design of our study on workforce changes in integrated chronic care. THEORY AND METHODS: The study was originally planned as mixed method research consisting of a preliminary literature review and quantitative check of these findings via a Delphi panel. However, when the findings of the literature review were not appropriate for quantitative confirmation, we chose to continue our qualitative exploration of the topic via qualitative questionnaires and secondary analysis of two best practice case reports...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039354/gas-sensing-enhancement-methods-for-hydrothermal-synthesized-sno2-based-sensors
#9
Yalei Zhao, Wenlong Zhang, Bin Yang, Jingquan Liu, Xiang Chen, Xiaolin Wang, Chunsheng Yang
Gas sensing for hydrothermal synthesized SnO2-based gas sensors can be enhanced in three ways: structural improvement, composition optimization, and processing improvement. There have been zero-dimensional, one-dimensional, and three-dimensional structures reported in the literature. Controllable synthesis of different structures has been deployed to increase specific surface area. Change of composition would intensively tailor the SnO2 structure, which affected the gas-sensing performance. Furthermore, doping and compounding methods have been adopted to promote gas-sensing performance by adjusting surface conditions of SnO2 crystals and constructing heterojunctions...
October 17, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034813/a-review-of-medical-terminology-standards-and-structured-reporting
#10
Abdullah Awaysheh, Jeffrey Wilcke, François Elvinger, Loren Rees, Weiguo Fan, Kurt Zimmerman
Much effort has been invested in standardizing medical terminology for representation of medical knowledge, storage in electronic medical records, retrieval, reuse for evidence-based decision making, and for efficient messaging between users. We only focus on those efforts related to the representation of clinical medical knowledge required for capturing diagnoses and findings from a wide range of general to specialty clinical perspectives (e.g., internists to pathologists). Standardized medical terminology and the usage of structured reporting have been shown to improve the usage of medical information in secondary activities, such as research, public health, and case studies...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030284/structured-reporting-in-radiology
#11
REVIEW
Dhakshinamoorthy Ganeshan, Phuong-Anh Thi Duong, Linda Probyn, Leon Lenchik, Tatum A McArthur, Michele Retrouvey, Emily H Ghobadi, Stephane L Desouches, David Pastel, Isaac R Francis
Radiology reports are vital for patient care as referring physicians depend upon them for deciding appropriate patient management. Traditional narrative reports are associated with excessive variability in the language, length, and style, which can minimize report clarity and make it difficult for referring clinicians to identify key information needed for patient care. Structured reporting has been advocated as a potential solution for improving the quality of radiology reports. The Association of University Radiologists-Radiology Research Alliance Structured Reporting Task Force convened to explore the current and future role of structured reporting in radiology and summarized its finding in this article...
October 10, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023148/nonstandardized-terminology-to-describe-focal-liver-lesions-in-patients-at-risk-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-implications-regarding-clinical-communication
#12
Michael T Corwin, Andrew Y Lee, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Thomas W Loehfelm, Souvik Sarkar, Claude B Sirlin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between malignancy risk of focal liver observations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) implied by phrases used in nonstructured radiology reports with the risk inferred by hepatologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of nonstructured radiology reports issued before Liver Imaging and Reporting Data System (LI-RADS) adoption from four-phase liver CT examinations of patients at risk for HCC...
October 12, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022698/pcr-free-colorimetric-dna-hybridization-detection-using-a-3d-dna-nanostructured-reporter-probe
#13
Xue Yang, Yanli Wen, Lele Wang, Chaoqun Zhou, Qian Li, Li Xu, Lanying Li, Jiye Shi, Ratnesh Lal, Shuzhen Ren, Jiang Li, Nengqin Jia, Gang Liu
A "sandwich-like" biosensor was developed on the basis of the magnetic bead platform for sensitive detection of breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) DNA. In the present study, a tetrahedron-structured reporter probe (TSRP) was designed, in which 3 vertices of the tetrahedron were labeled with digoxin (Dig), and the other one was labeled with a detection probe. TSRP here provided accurate enzyme loading and well-organized spatial arrangement for optimized signal amplification. The detection limit of this biosensor was as low as 10 fM, which is at least 4 orders of magnitude lower than that of the single DNA probe (100 pM), and the signal gain was 2 times higher than the analysis using three one-dimensional (1D) reporter probes...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019683/self-assembly-pathways-of-%C3%AE-sheet-rich-amyloid-%C3%AE-1-40-dimers-markov-state-model-analysis-on-millisecond-hybrid-resolution-simulations
#14
Yang Cao, Xuehan Jiang, Wei Han
Early oligomerization during amyloid-β (Aβ) aggregation is essential for Aβ neurotoxicity. Understanding how unstructured Aβs assemble into oligomers, especially those rich in β-sheets, is essential but remains challenging as the assembly process is too transient for experimental characterization and too slow for molecular dynamics simulations. So far, atomic simulations are limited only to studies of either oligomer structures or assembly pathways for short Aβ segments. To overcome the computational challenge, we combine in this study a hybrid-resolution model and adaptive sampling techniques to perform over 2...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952814/do-mri-structured-reports-for-multiple-sclerosis-contain-adequate-information-for-clinical-decision-making
#15
Francesco Alessandrino, Anna Pichiecchio, Giulia Mallucci, Emanuele Ghione, Alfredo Romani, Roberto Bergamaschi, Stefano Bastianello
OBJECTIVE: Few data are available on how often MRI reports provide sufficient information for clinical decision-making in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study is to evaluate if structured reporting of MRI in MS contain adequate information for clinical decision-making compared with nonstructured reporting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brain and spinal cord MRI reports of patients with suspected or known MS before and after implementation of a structured reporting template were included...
September 27, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941999/structured-reporting-platform-improves-cad-rads-assessment
#16
Bálint Szilveszter, Márton Kolossváry, Júlia Karády, Ádám L Jermendy, Mihály Károlyi, Alexisz Panajotu, Zsolt Bagyura, Milán Vecsey-Nagy, Ricardo C Cury, Jonathon A Leipsic, Béla Merkely, Pál Maurovich-Horvat
BACKGROUND: Structured reporting in cardiac imaging is strongly encouraged to improve quality through consistency. The Coronary Artery Disease - Reporting and Data System (CAD-RADS) was recently introduced to facilitate interdisciplinary communication of coronary CT angiography (CTA) results. We aimed to assess the agreement between manual and automated CAD-RADS classification using a structured reporting platform. METHODS: Five readers prospectively interpreted 500 coronary CT angiographies using a structured reporting platform that automatically calculates the CAD-RADS score based on stenosis and plaque parameters manually entered by the reader...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935372/structural-insights-into-the-dimer-tetramer-transition-of-fabi-from-bacillus-anthracis
#17
Hyun Tae Kim, Sulhee Kim, Byeong Kwan Na, Jiwoung Chung, Eunha Hwang, Kwang Yeon Hwang
Enoyl-ACP reductase (ENR, also known as FabI) has received considerable interest as an anti-bacterial target due to its essentiality in fatty acid synthesis. All the FabI structures reported to date, regardless of the organism, are composed of homo-tetramers, except for two structures: Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus FabI (bcFabI and saFabI, respectively), which have been reported as dimers. However, the reason for the existence of the dimeric form in these organisms and the biological meaning of dimeric and tetrameric forms of FabI are ambiguous...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898189/ct-texture-analysis-definitions-applications-biologic-correlates-and-challenges
#18
Meghan G Lubner, Andrew D Smith, Kumar Sandrasegaran, Dushyant V Sahani, Perry J Pickhardt
This review discusses potential oncologic and nononcologic applications of CT texture analysis ( CTTA CT texture analysis ), an emerging area of "radiomics" that extracts, analyzes, and interprets quantitative imaging features. CTTA CT texture analysis allows objective assessment of lesion and organ heterogeneity beyond what is possible with subjective visual interpretation and may reflect information about the tissue microenvironment. CTTA CT texture analysis has shown promise in lesion characterization, such as differentiating benign from malignant or more biologically aggressive lesions...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893902/the-cytosolic-domain-of-t-cell-receptor-%C3%AE-associates-with-membranes-in-a-dynamic-equilibrium-and-deeply-penetrates-the-bilayer
#19
Kerstin Zimmermann, Rebecca Eells, Frank Heinrich, Stefanie Rintoul, Brian Josey, Prabhanshu Shekhar, Mathias Lösche, Lawrence J Stern
Interactions between lipid bilayers and the membrane-proximal regions of membrane-associated proteins play important roles in regulating membrane protein structure and function. The T-cell antigen receptor is an assembly of eight single-pass membrane-spanning subunits on the surface of T lymphocytes that initiates cytosolic signaling cascades upon binding antigens presented by MHC-family proteins on antigen-presenting cells. Its ζ-subunit contains multiple cytosolic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs involved in signal transduction, and this subunit by itself is sufficient to couple extracellular stimuli to intracellular signaling events...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887401/proposal-of-a-structured-reporting-system-for-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-psma-targeted-pet-imaging-psma-rads-version-1-0
#20
Steven P Rowe, Kenneth J Pienta, Martin G Pomper, Michael A Gorin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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