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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#1
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753874/systematic-review-of-the-volume-outcome-relationship-for-radical-prostatectomy-a-2017-update
#2
REVIEW
Jeffrey J Leow, Eugene K Leong, Emily C Serrell, Steven L Chang, Russell L Gruen, Keng Siang Png, Lisa T Beaule, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Mani M Menon, Jesse D Sammon
CONTEXT: Radical prostatectomy (RP) is one of the most complex urological procedures performed. Higher surgical volume has been found previously to be associated with better patient outcomes and reduced costs to the health care system. This has resulted in some regionalization of care toward high-volume facilities and providers; however, the preponderance of RPs is still performed at low-volume institutions. OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated systematic review of the association of hospital and surgeon volume on patient and system outcomes after RP, including robot-assisted RP...
April 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729966/causal-relationship-between-hypoalbuminemia-and-acute-kidney-injury
#3
REVIEW
Christian J Wiedermann, Wolfgang Wiedermann, Michael Joannidis
Our meta-analysis published in 2010 provided evidence that low levels of serum albumin (hypoalbuminemia) are a significant independent predictor of acute kidney injury (AKI) and death following AKI. Since then, a large volume of additional data from observational clinical studies has been published further evaluating the relationship between serum albumin and AKI occurrence. This is an updated review of the literature to re-evaluate the hypothesis that hypoalbuminemia is independently associated with increased AKI risk...
July 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699495/dietary-phytochemicals-and-endrocrine-related-activities-an-update
#4
Antonella Smeriglio, Marcella Denaro, Domenico Trombetta
Phytochemicals are non-nutrient bioactive compounds that occur in plant and food which possess the capacity to modulate one or more metabolic processes or pathways in the body, resulting to health benefits and promotion of well-being. At this regard, the interest of the scientific community continues to grow, powered by progressive research efforts to identify properties and potential applications of bioactive substances, and coupled with public interest and consumer demand. However, the natural derivation of these compounds is not a feature of harmlessness, over that of therapeutic efficacy, to which is also added the absence of post-marketing monitoring that does not allow to evaluate the occurrence of adverse effects related to the use of their related products...
July 11, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634831/malaria-2017-update-on-the-clinical-literature-and-management
#5
REVIEW
Johanna P Daily
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malaria is a prevalent disease in travelers to and residents of malaria-endemic regions. Health care workers in both endemic and non-endemic settings should be familiar with the latest evidence for the diagnosis, management and prevention of malaria. This article will discuss the recent malaria epidemiologic and medical literature to review the progress, challenges, and optimal management of malaria. RECENT FINDINGS: There has been a marked decrease in malaria-related global morbidity and mortality secondary to malaria control programs over the last few decades...
August 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613384/communication-skills-training-for-mental-health-professionals-working-with-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#6
REVIEW
Alexia Papageorgiou, Yoon K Loke, Michelle Fromage
BACKGROUND: Research evidence suggests that both mental health professionals and people with severe mental health illness such as schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder find it difficult to communicate with each other effectively about symptoms, treatments and their side effects so that they reach a shared understanding about diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. Effective use of communication skills in mental health interactions could be associated with increased patient satisfaction and adherence to treatment...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593423/-telemonitoring-in-heart-failure-update-on-health-related-and-economic-implications
#7
REVIEW
L Diedrich, C Dockweiler, A Kupitz, C Hornberg
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is one of the most common and cost-intensive chronic diseases worldwide. Telemonitoring offers the potential to improve care of heart failure treatment and reduce cost. Empirical findings of its efficacy are inconsistent up to now. This systematic review examines the current state of research regarding health-related and economic endpoints. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in July 2016 using the PubMed database and randomised controlled trials for the years 2011-2016...
June 7, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529554/novel-drugs-in-pediatric-gliomas
#8
Dongli Zhang, Xiaoming Liu, Conghai Fan, Jiao Chen
Astrocytomas (gliomas) are the most common primary brain tumors among adults and second most frequent neoplasm among children. New ideas and novel approaches are being explored world over with aim to devise better management strategeies for this deadly pathological state. We searched the electronic database PubMed for pre-clinical as well as clinical controlled trials reporting importance of various therapeutic drugs against gliomas. It was observed clearly that this approach of using therapeutic drugs is clearly evolving and has been observed to be promising future therapeutic avenue against gliomas...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520683/socioeconomic-consequences-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Megan R W Barber, Ann E Clarke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review addresses recent literature investigating the socioeconomic consequences of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We highlight the latest updates on health disparities affecting the SLE population, the direct and indirect economic costs of the disease, and less quantifiable costs such as reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RECENT FINDINGS: Health disparities continue to exist among socially disadvantaged populations, including African Americans, Hispanics, and patients with decreased educational attainment and in poverty...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391671/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-management-of-pancreatic-fluid-collections-update-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Ali Alali, Jeffrey Mosko, Gary May, Christopher Teshima
Severe acute pancreatitis is often complicated by the development of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs), which may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is crucial to accurately classify these collections as a pseudocyst or walled-off necrosis (WON) given significant differences in outcomes and management. Interventions for PFCs have increasingly shifted to less invasive strategies, with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided methods being shown to be safer and equally effective as more invasive surgical techniques...
March 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343840/prostate-cancer-screening
#11
REVIEW
Mary Weinstein Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To review the current state of prostate cancer screening and future directions. DATA SOURCES: Nursing, medical and scientific literature related to prostate cancer screening, and national and international professional recommendations. CONCLUSION: Prostate cancer screening has been a topic of robust discussion for a number of years. Research continues to examine novel options for prostate cancer screening to either replace or compliment the prostate specific antigen test, but require additional validation before they will be widely accepted into clinical practice...
May 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329605/psoriasis-in-latin-america
#12
Edgardo Chouela, Mario Amaya, Angela Londoño, Ricardo Romiti, Fernando Valenzuela, Artur A Duarte, Ricardo Perez Alfonzo, Cecilia Borlenghi
During the last few decades, management of psoriasis has changed worldwide, owing to a better understanding of its pathophysiology and the introduction of new treatments. As experts in the field of dermatology, specialists from Latin America collaborated to develop this review and further provide an update on the current state of psoriasis management in Latin America. With the goal of summarizing the latest information on psoriasis in most countries in Latin America, we conducted a literature search to obtain relevant articles published in the medical/scientific literature in Latin American countries over the last 10 years; in addition, we completed a questionnaire comprised of 20 questions on important issues related to psoriasis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325576/raman-spectroscopy-in-quality-control-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#13
Dan-Dan Chen, Xiao-Fang Xie, Hui Ao, Ji-Lei Liu, Cheng Peng
BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is of noteworthy international interest due to its potential impact on healthcare and manifests numerous opportunities for new drug development. However, solid scientific evidence is still lacking regarding the safety, efficacy, and quality of CHM-derived medicines. Success in the modernization and globalization of CHM is heavily dependent on the achievements in advanced analytical techniques for in-line checks of CHM quality. Raman spectroscopy has become increasingly valued as an analytical technique in the pharmaceutical sector because it can provide a detailed chemical fingerprint...
May 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318929/biomarkers-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Sebastian Blatt, Maximilian Krüger, Thomas Ziebart, Keyvan Sagheb, Eik Schiegnitz, Elisabeth Goetze, Bilal Al-Nawas, Andreas Max Pabst
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) represents the sixth most common cancer, accounting for 2-4% of all malignancies worldwide. The overall survival rate of less than 60% remains generally poor, with prognosis heavily relying on the TNM staging system. Tumor size as well as the presence and extent of lymph node metastases are widely recognized as the most important predictors. However, the underlying mechanisms that lead to an aggressive phenotype are not yet fully understood. Therefore, possible biomarkers are much in need to predict prognosis, to help individualize therapy approaches, and to overcome possible resistance mechanisms...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292569/indocyanine-green-applications-in-plastic-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Pierre Burnier, Jérémy Niddam, Romain Bosc, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Use of indocyanine green (ICG) near-infrared fluorescence as a dye to assess tissue vascularization is now well standardized. The aim of this literature review was to review and resume the most recent recommendations for ICG use in its plastic surgery applications. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using Medline, EMBASE, and PubMed databases to obtain the latest recommendations for ICG in plastic surgery. Inclusion criteria were all articles written in English language that evaluated pre-, intra-, or postoperative ICG applications in surgical procedures usually performed by plastic surgeons...
June 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266271/update-on-interventions-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-pediatric-asthma
#16
Marcello Lanari, Paolo Bottau, Elisabetta Calamelli
BACKGROUND: Asthma represents a worldwide health problem with a strong morbidity and a major impact on the health care system. Multiple efforts have been made towards the development of new strategies of prevention and treatment of this disorder. In the light of this the present review of the literature aimed at summarizing the latest advances in prevention and treatment of pediatric asthma with a focus on the most effective options of interventions during the first stages of life. METHODS: References were identified by searches of PubMed...
March 3, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163603/rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-rbd-update-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
Birgit Högl, Ambra Stefani
BACKGROUND: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is parasomnia characterized by dream enactment and enabled by disruption of physiological muscle atonia during REM sleep. Over the past few years, diagnostic criteria and the methods used to confirm diagnosis have been updated. OBJECTIVE: In this review article, the current knowledge regarding RBD diagnosis and treatment is presented. METHODS: A selective literature search was carried out. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Although several RBD screening questionnaires have been developed, diagnosis can only be definitely confirmed on the basis of polysomnography...
2017: Somnologie: Schlafforschung und Schlafmedizin, Somnology: Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096570/tourniquet-application-during-anesthesia-what-we-need-to-know
#18
REVIEW
Kamal Kumar, Craig Railton, Qutaiba Tawfic
Tourniquets are routinely and safely used in limb surgeries throughout the world. Tourniquet application alters normal physiology. Healthy patients tolerate these physiological changes well, but the physiological changes may not be well-tolerated by patients with poor cardiac function. This review discusses the physiological changes associated with tourniquet use, safe practice and provides the latest updates regarding tourniquet use. A systematic literature search of PubMed, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar was done...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088881/an-industry-update-the-latest-developments-in-therapeutic-delivery
#19
Iain Simpson
This Industry Update covers the period from 1 October through to 31 October 2016, and is based on information sourced from company press releases, scientific literature, patents and various news websites. The month saw several news items covering drug-delivery devices, including a new sensor to monitor and support the use of inhalers; launch in the UK of a new autoinjector for Cimzia(®), UCB's rheumatoid arthritis drug; and approval of Roche's Lucentis(®) in a prefilled syringe. Research was also published to show the value of continuous blood pressure monitoring in dementia management...
February 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087505/2016-update-of-the-asas-eular-management-recommendations-for-axial-spondyloarthritis
#20
REVIEW
Désirée van der Heijde, Sofia Ramiro, Robert Landewé, Xenofon Baraliakos, Filip Van den Bosch, Alexandre Sepriano, Andrea Regel, Adrian Ciurea, Hanne Dagfinrud, Maxime Dougados, Floris van Gaalen, Pál Géher, Irene van der Horst-Bruinsma, Robert D Inman, Merryn Jongkees, Uta Kiltz, Tore K Kvien, Pedro M Machado, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Anna Molto, Victoria Navarro-Compàn, Salih Ozgocmen, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos, John Reveille, Martin Rudwaleit, Jochen Sieper, Percival Sampaio-Barros, Dieter Wiek, Jürgen Braun
To update and integrate the recommendations for ankylosing spondylitis and the recommendations for the use of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) into one set applicable to the full spectrum of patients with axSpA. Following the latest version of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Standardised Operating Procedures, two systematic literature reviews first collected the evidence regarding all treatment options (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) that were published since 2009...
June 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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