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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783243/-electromyographic-characteristics-of-temporal-and-masticatory-muscles-in-patients-with-compression-dislocation-dysfunction-of-temporomandibular-joints-of-different-severity
#1
Pavlo I Yatsenko, Oleg V Rybalov, Oleg I Yatsenko, Vadym M Novikov, Dmytro M Kоrol, Dmytro D Kindiy, Victor D Kindiy
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The main causes of dysfunctional conditions of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ), are occlusal, neurogenic, orthodontic disorders. The muscular component of TMJ is determines the dynamic anatomical and functional state of the mandible Therefore, in the diagnosis of dysfunctions and understanding of their pathogenesis belongs to the electromyographic method of investigation. The aim of the work was a comparative assessment of the bioelectrical activity of the actual chewing and temporal muscles in patients with musculo-articular compressiondislocation dysfunction of the TMJ of various severity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782922/dengue-chikungunya-and-zika-infections-imported-to-paris-between-2009-and-2016-characteristics-and-correlation-with-outbreaks-in-the-french-overseas-territories-of-guadeloupe-and-martinique
#2
Victor Vasquez, Elie Haddad, Alice Perignon, Stéphane Jaureguiberry, Ségolène Brichler, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Eric Caumes
BACKGROUND: Dengue (DV), chikungunya (CV) and Zika virus (ZV) infections are rapidly expanding across countries and diagnosed in returned travelers who represent epidemiological sentinels. French Territories of America (FTA) such as Guadeloupe and Martinique are highly touristic places and have experienced three consecutive outbreaks by such viruses in the last decade. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated how ill returned travelers could be deemed as epidemiological sentinels for these three expanding arboviral diseases during eight consecutive years...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782892/a-glp-1-cck-fusion-peptide-harnesses-the-synergistic-effects-on-metabolism-of-cck-1-and-glp-1-receptor-agonism-in-mice
#3
David C Hornigold, Emma Roth, Victor Howard, Sarah Will, Stephanie Oldham, Matthew P Coghlan, Clemence Blouet, James L Trevaskis
Combination approaches for the treatment of metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes are becoming increasingly relevant. Co-administration of a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist with a cholecystokinin receptor-1 (CCKR1) agonist exert synergistic effects on weight loss in obese rodents. Here, we report on the effects of a novel fusion peptide (C2816) comprised of a stabilized GLP-1R agonist, AC3174, and a CCKR1-selective agonist, AC170222. C2816 was constructed such that AC3174 was linked to the N-terminus of AC170222, thus preserving the C-terminal amide of the CCK moiety...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782696/routine-antenatal-ultrasound-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-first-look-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Robert L Goldenberg, Robert O Nathan, David Swanson, Sarah Saleem, Waseem Mirza, Fabian Esamai, David Muyodi, Ana L Garces, Lester Figueroa, Elwyn Chomba, Melody Chiwala, Musaku Mwenechanya, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangako, Victor Lokomba Bolamba, Janet L Moore, Holly Franklin, Jonathan Swanson, Edward A Liechty, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Waldemar A Carlo, Nancy Kanaiza, Farnaz Naqvi, Irma Sayury Pineda, Walter López-Gomez, Dorothy Hamsumonde, Margo S Harrison, Marion Koso-Thomas, Menachem Miodovnik, Dennis D Wallace, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound is widely regarded as an important adjunct to antenatal care (ANC) to guide practice and reduce perinatal mortality. We assessed the impact of ANC ultrasound use at health centers in resource-limited countries. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Clusters within five countries (Democratic Republic of Congo, Guatemala, Kenya, Pakistan and Zambia). METHODS: Clusters were randomized to standard ANC or standard care plus two ultrasounds and referral for complications...
May 21, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782617/patient-specific-neurosurgical-phantom-assessment-of-visual-quality-accuracy-and-scaling-effects
#5
Felipe Wilker Grillo, Victor Hugo Souza, Renan Hiroshi Matsuda, Carlo Rondinoni, Theo Zeferino Pavan, Oswaldo Baffa, Helio Rubens Machado, Antonio Adilton Oliveira Carneiro
Background: Training in medical education depends on the availability of standardized materials that can reliably mimic the human anatomy and physiology. One alternative to using cadavers or animal bodies is to employ phantoms or mimicking devices. Styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS) gels are biologically inert and present tunable properties, including mechanical properties that resemble the soft tissue. Therefore, SEBS is an alternative to develop a patient-specific phantom, that provides real visual and morphological experience during simulation-based neurosurgical training...
2018: 3D Print Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782575/refining-the-maritime-foundations-of-andean-civilization-how-plant-fiber-technology-drove-social-complexity-during-the-preceramic-period
#6
David Beresford-Jones, Alexander Pullen, George Chauca, Lauren Cadwallader, Maria García, Isabel Salvatierra, Oliver Whaley, Víctor Vásquez, Susana Arce, Kevin Lane, Charles French
Moseley's (1975) Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization hypothesis challenges, in one of humanity's few pristine hearths of civilization, the axiom that agriculture is necessary for the rise of complex societies. We revisit that hypothesis by setting new findings from La Yerba II (7571-6674 Cal bp) and III (6485-5893 Cal bp), Río Ica estuary, alongside the wider archaeological record for the end of the Middle Preceramic Period on the Peruvian coast. The La Yerba record evinces increasing population, sedentism, and "Broad Spectrum Revolution" features, including early horticulture of Phaseolus and Canavalia beans...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782548/dyslipidemia-among-rural-and-urban-hiv-patients-in-south-east-malawi
#7
Alemayehu Amberbir, Victor Singano, Alfred Matengeni, Zahra Ismail, Gift Kawalazira, Adrienne K Chan, Sumeet D Sodhi, Joep J van Oosterhout
BACKGROUND: While dyslipidemia importantly contributes to increased cardiovascular disease risk among patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART), data on lipid patterns among African adults on ART are limited. We describe the prevalence of lipid abnormalities and associated factors in two HIV clinics in Malawi. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 2014 and enrolled adult patients at a rural and an urban HIV clinic in Zomba district, Malawi. We recorded patient characteristics, CVD risk factors and anthropometric measurements, using the WHO STEPS validated instrument...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782527/detection-of-influenza-a-virus-in-aerosols-of-vaccinated-and-non-vaccinated-pigs-in-a-warm-environment
#8
Victor Neira, Matt Allerson, Cesar Corzo, Marie Culhane, Aaron Rendahl, Montserrat Torremorell
The 2009 influenza pandemic, the variant H3N2v viruses in agricultural fairs and the zoonotic poultry H5N9 infections in China have highlighted the constant threat that influenza A viruses (IAV) present to people and animals. In this study we evaluated the effect of IAV vaccination on aerosol shedding in pigs housed in warm environmental conditions. Thirty-six, three-week old weaned pigs were obtained from an IAV negative herd and were randomly allocated to one of 4 groups: 1) a homologous vaccine group, 2) a heterologous multivalent vaccine group, 3) a heterologous monovalent group and, 4) a non-vaccinated group...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782327/relation-of-white-matter-hyperintensities-and-motor-deficits-in-chronic-stroke
#9
Jarrod M Hicks, Edward Taub, Brent Womble, Ameen Barghi, Tyler Rickards, Victor W Mark, Gitendra Uswatte
BACKGROUND: Infarct size and location account for only a relatively small portion of post-stroke motor impairment, suggesting that other less obvious factors may be involved. OBJECTIVE: Examine the relationship between white matter hyperintensity (WMH) load among other factors and upper extremity motor deficit in patients with mild to moderate chronic stroke. METHODS: The magnetic resonance images of 28 patients were studied. WMH load was assessed as total WMH volume and WMH overlap with the corticospinal tract in the centrum semiovale...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781957/quantitative-sensory-testing-in-patients-with-migraine-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Hadas Nahman-Averbuch, Tom Shefi, Victor J Schneider, Dan Li, Lili Ding, Christopher D King, Robert C Coghill
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is widely used to assess somatosensory function by application of controlled stimuli across a variety of modalities. The aim of the present meta-analysis is to synthesize QST results across a wide array of studies of patients with migraine to identify the QST parameters that are reliably different between patients with migraine and healthy controls. In addition, we aimed to determine whether such differences vary according to stimulus location. A comprehensive literature search (up to January 2017) was conducted, which included studies comparing QST parameters between patients with migraine and healthy controls...
May 17, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781936/influence-of-adding-single-joint-exercise-to-a-multijoint-resistance-training-program-in-untrained-young-women
#11
Matheus Barbalho, Paulo Gentil, Rodolfo Raiol, James Fisher, James Steele, Victor Coswig
Barbalho, M, Gentil, P, Raiol, R, Fisher, J, Steele, J, and Coswig, V. Influence of adding single-joint exercise to a multijoint resistance training program in untrained young women. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of adding single-joint (SJ) exercises to a multijoint (MJ) resistance training (RT) program on muscle strength and anthropometric measures of young women. Twenty untrained women were divided into a group that performed only MJ exercises or a group that performed both SJ and MJ exercises (MJ + SJ)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780872/neuropsychology-and-neuroimaging-profiles-of-amyloid-positive-versus-amyloid-negative-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients
#12
Clémence Tomadesso, Vincent de La Sayette, Robin de Flores, Pierrick Bourgeat, Victor L Villemagne, Stéphanie Egret, Francis Eustache, Gaël Chételat
Introduction: Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are heterogeneous as regard to their amyloid status. The present study aimed at highlighting the neuropsychological, brain atrophy, and hypometabolism profiles of amyloid-positive (Aβpos) versus amyloid-negative (Aβneg) aMCI patients. Methods: Forty-four aMCI patients and 24 Aβneg healthy controls underwent neuropsychological, structural magnetic resonance imaging and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography scans...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780820/coadministration-of-nematophagous-fungi-for-biological-control-over-nematodes-in-bovine-in-the-south-eastern-brazil
#13
Fábio Dias Luns, Rafaela Carolina Lopes Assis, Laryssa Pinheiro Costa Silva, Carolina Magri Ferraz, Fábio Ribeiro Braga, Jackson Victor de Araújo
This study compared the coadministration among the three nematode predatory fungi, Duddingtonia flagrans , Monacrosporium thaumasium , and Arthrobotrys robusta , in the biological control of cattle gastrointestinal nematodiasis in comparison with the use of the fungus D. flagrans alone. Five groups consisting of eight Girolando heifers were kept in paddocks of Brachiaria decumbens for six months. Each heifer received 1 g/10 kg of pellets containing the fungi (0.2 g of fungus/10 kg b.w.). Group 1 (G1) received pellets with D...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780805/stabilization-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-alpha-augments-the-therapeutic-capacity-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-experimental-pneumonia
#14
Naveen Gupta, Victor Nizet
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have therapeutic effects in experimental models of lung injury. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) is a transcriptional regulator that influences cellular metabolism, energetics, and survival under hypoxic conditions. The current study investigated the effects of stabilizing HIF-1α on the therapeutic capacity of MSCs in an experimental mouse model of bacterial pneumonia. HIF-1α stabilization was achieved by the small molecule prolyl-hydroxlase inhibitor, AKB-4924 (Aerpio Therapeutics, Inc...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780523/enantiopure-distorted-ribbon-shaped-nanographene-combining-two-photon-absorption-based-upconversion-and-circularly-polarized-luminescence
#15
Carlos M Cruz, Irene R Márquez, Inês F A Mariz, Victor Blanco, Carlos Sánchez-Sánchez, Jesús M Sobrado, José A Martín-Gago, Juan M Cuerva, Ermelinda Maçôas, Araceli G Campaña
Herein we describe a distorted ribbon-shaped nanographene exhibiting unprecedented combination of optical properties in graphene-related materials, namely upconversion based on two-photon absorption (TPA-UC) together with circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). The compound is a graphene molecule of ca. 2 nm length and 1 nm width with edge defects that promote the distortion of the otherwise planar lattice. The edge defects are an aromatic saddle-shaped ketone unit and a [5]carbohelicene moiety. This system is shown to combine two-photon absorption and circularly polarized luminescence and a remarkably long emission lifetime of 21...
April 28, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779949/disease-heritability-inferred-from-familial-relationships-reported-in-medical-records
#16
Fernanda C G Polubriaginof, Rami Vanguri, Kayla Quinnies, Gillian M Belbin, Alexandre Yahi, Hojjat Salmasian, Tal Lorberbaum, Victor Nwankwo, Li Li, Mark M Shervey, Patricia Glowe, Iuliana Ionita-Laza, Mary Simmerling, George Hripcsak, Suzanne Bakken, David Goldstein, Krzysztof Kiryluk, Eimear E Kenny, Joel Dudley, David K Vawdrey, Nicholas P Tatonetti
Heritability is essential for understanding the biological causes of disease but requires laborious patient recruitment and phenotype ascertainment. Electronic health records (EHRs) passively capture a wide range of clinically relevant data and provide a resource for studying the heritability of traits that are not typically accessible. EHRs contain next-of-kin information collected via patient emergency contact forms, but until now, these data have gone unused in research. We mined emergency contact data at three academic medical centers and identified 7...
May 15, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779752/cross-cultural-empirical-aesthetics
#17
Jiajia Che, Xiaolei Sun, Víctor Gallardo, Marcos Nadal
Cross-cultural empirical aesthetics seeks to determine whether the psychological processes underlying aesthetic preference are universal. Here we provide a critical review of the field's origin, development, and current state. Our goal is to evaluate the evidence and separate what is actually known from what is only assumed. We conclude that the evidence shows that people from different cultures base their aesthetic preference on a common set of formal features, including symmetry, complexity, proportion, contour, brightness, and contrast...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779635/perfusion-induced-acute-kidney-injury-a-litany-of-uncertainty-and-frustration
#18
EDITORIAL
Victor A Ferraris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779264/compliance-to-follow-up-and-adherence-to-medication-in-hypertensive-patients-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-kenya-comparison-of-three-models-of-care
#19
Ng'endo Kuria, Anthony Reid, Philip Owiti, Hannock Tweya, Caleb Kipkurui Kibet, Lilian Mbau, Marcel Manzi, Victor Murunga, Tecla Namusonge, Joseph Kibachio
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare, among three models of care, compliance to scheduled clinic appointments and adherence to anti-hypertensive medication of patients in an informal settlement of Kibera, Kenya. METHODS: Routinely collected patient data were used from three health facilities, six walkway clinics and one weekend/church clinic. Patients were eligible if they had received hypertension care for more than six months. Compliance with clinic appointments and self-reported adherence to medication were determined from clinic records and compared using the Chi-square test...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#20
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
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