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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550727/multiple-remote-sensing-data-sources-to-assess-spatio-temporal-patterns-of-fire-incidence-over-campos-amaz%C3%A3-nicos-savanna-vegetation-enclave-brazilian-amazon
#1
Daniel Borini Alves, Fernando Pérez-Cabello
Fire activity plays an important role in the past, present and future of Earth system behavior. Monitoring and assessing spatial and temporal fire dynamics have a fundamental relevance in the understanding of ecological processes and the human impacts on different landscapes and multiple spatial scales. This work analyzes the spatio-temporal distribution of burned areas in one of the biggest savanna vegetation enclaves in the southern Brazilian Amazon, from 2000 to 2016, deriving information from multiple remote sensing data sources (Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance, TRMM pluviometry and Vegetation Continuous Field tree cover layers)...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550081/randomized-controlled-trial-for-the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-vascular-stiffness-in-ckd
#2
Adeera Levin, Mila Tang, Taylor Perry, Nadia Zalunardo, Monica Beaulieu, Joshua A Dubland, Kelly Zerr, Ognjenka Djurdjev
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D is implicated in vascular health in CKD. This study compared placebo, calcifediol, and calcitriol treatment with changes in vascular stiffness, BP, proteinuria, mineral metabolism parameters, C-reactive protein, and fibroblast growth factor 23 in patients with stable CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial in outpatient CKD clinics in Vancouver, Canada, from February of 2011 to August of 2014, enrolling 119 patients with an eGFR of 15-45 ml/min per 1...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549947/family-history-and-tomm40-523-interactive-associations-with-memory-in-middle-aged-and-alzheimer-s-disease-cohorts
#3
Auriel A Willette, Joseph L Webb, Michael W Lutz, Barbara B Bendlin, Alexandra M Wennberg, Jennifer M Oh, Allen Roses, Rebecca L Koscik, Bruce P Hermann, N Maritza Dowling, Sanjay Asthana, Sterling C Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Family history (FH) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects mitochondrial function and may modulate effects of translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane 40 kDa (TOMM40) rs10524523 ('523) poly-T length on memory decline. METHODS: For 912 nonapolipoprotein ε4 middle-aged adults and 365 aged adults across the AD spectrum, linear mixed models gauged FH and TOMM40 '523 interactions on memory and global cognition between baseline and up to 10 years later...
May 10, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549641/treatment-of-moyamoya-disease-and-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-in-floating-harbor-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Daniel J Coughlin, Charles A Miller, A Jesse Schuette
BACKGROUND: This is the first report of the successful treatment of moyamoya disease (MMD) and an unruptured intracranial aneurysm in a patient with Floating-Harbor Syndrome (FHS). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 35 year-old, phenotypically syndromic woman presented with signs and symptoms consistent with ischemic stroke. MRI and catheter angiography confirmed diagnosis of moyamoya and a 6 mm basilar apex artery aneurysm (BAA). She underwent right sided craniotomy for direct and indirect revascularization by means of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass and encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS)...
May 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549401/human-in-situ-cytokine-and-leukocyte-responses-to-acute-smoking
#5
Tegan Kastelein, Rob Duffield, Frank Marino
This study examined immune/inflammatory parameters following an acute tobacco smoking episode in smokers with varying smoking histories. Twenty-eight male habitual smokers were categorized according to smoking history, e.g. younger smoker (YSM) or middle-aged smoker (MSM). Participants were matched for fitness and smoking habits and following baseline testing, undertook a smoking protocol involving consumption of two cigarettes within 15 min. Venous blood was collected pre- and immediately, 1 h, and 4 h post-protocol to permit analyses of circulating levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, IL-1ra, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), C-reactive protein (CRP), and leukocytes...
December 2017: Journal of Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549261/small-spontaneously-ruptured-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-the-small-intestine-causing-hemoperitoneum-a-case-report
#6
Shuichi Fukuda, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Tomoko Wakasa, Keisuke Inoue, Kotaro Kitani, Hajime Ishikawa, Masanori Tsujie, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are clinically asymptomatic until they reach a significant size; therefore, GISTs that are 2cm or less are typically asymptomatic. Patients with symptomatic GISTs typically present with abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, or a palpable mass but rarely present with hemoperitoneum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 72-year-old Japanese man presented to us with acute onset abdominal pain. Physical examination showed peritoneal irritation in the lower abdomen...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549101/loneliness-and-objectively-measured-physical-capability-in-middle-aged-adults
#7
Rikke Lund, Jelena Laban, Gitte L Petersen, Agnete Dissing, Åse Marie Hansen, Naja H Rod
Loneliness is associated with poor functional ability in older people. Little is known about this association in the middle-aged. The aim is to investigate if perceived loneliness is associated with lower physical capability among middle-aged men and women and if the associations of loneliness with physical capability interact with socioeconomic position and cohabitation status. 5224 participants from Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) aged 49-62 years (mean age 54) were included. Handgrip strength (measured by a dynamometer) and maximal number of chair rises in 30 s was recorded...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548602/professional-values-and-career-choice-of-nursing-students
#8
Sultan Ayaz Alkaya, Şengül Yaman, Joyce Simones
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Professional values are abstract and general behavioral principles that provide basic standards to judge aims and actions, and these principles are formed by strong emotional loyalty of members of the profession. Research was conducted to compare the career choice and professional values of nursing students at two universities in the upper Midwest of the United States and in the middle of Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and comparative design was used...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548186/-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-first-and-third-year-university-students
#9
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547535/middle-ear-adenomatous-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-25-year-experience-at-md-anderson-cancer-center
#10
Diana Bell, Adel K El-Naggar, Paul W Gidley
Neuroendocrine tumors are extremely rare in the middle ear. We reviewed our institutional experience with middle ear adenomatous neuroendocrine tumors (MEANTs). We searched our institution's pathology files to identify patients treated from 1990 to 2015 who had lesions classified as middle ear adenomas, adenomatous tumors, adenomatous tumors with neuroendocrine differentiation, carcinoid tumors of the middle ear, low-grade neuroendocrine tumors of the middle ear, and neuroendocrine carcinomas of the middle ear and identified 14 such patients for whom follow-up information was available...
May 26, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546440/albuminuria-proteinuria-and-renal-disease-progression-in-children-with-ckd
#11
Dana Y Fuhrman, Michael F Schneider, Katherine M Dell, Tom D Blydt-Hansen, Robert Mak, Jeffrey M Saland, Susan L Furth, Bradley A Warady, Marva M Moxey-Mims, George J Schwartz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The role of albuminuria as an indicator of progression has not been investigated in children with CKD in the absence of diabetes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Children were enrolled from 49 centers of the CKD in Children study between January of 2005 and March of 2014. Cross-sectional multivariable linear regression (n=647) was used to examine the relationship between urine protein-to-creatinine (UP/C [milligrams per milligram]) and albumin-to-creatinine (ACR [milligrams per gram]) with eGFR (milliliters per minute per 1...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545932/the-association-between-tau-pet-and-retrospective-cortical-thinning-in-clinically-normal-elderly
#12
Molly R LaPoint, Jasmeer P Chhatwal, Jorge Sepulcre, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling, Aaron P Schultz
Tau pathology has been associated with neuronal loss at autopsy, but the temporal evolution of tau pathology and atrophy remains unclear. Here, we investigate the association between cross-sectional AV-1451-PET as a marker of tau pathology and cortical thickness cross-sectionally. We also investigated retrospective rates of cortical thinning over the three years preceding the AV-1451 scan in a clinically normal cohort of 103 older adults from the Harvard Aging Brain Study. Tau measurements were Geometric Transfer Matrix partial volume corrected standardized uptake value ratios (SUVRs) with a cerebellar grey reference region...
May 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545843/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological estimate lifetime risk (LTR) is a measure that expresses the probability of disease in the remaining lifetime for individuals of a specific index age. These estimates can be useful for general audience targeted knowledge translation activities against diabetes. There are only a few reports on lifetime of impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease (CHD) events. METHODS: The Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), was established in 1989...
May 22, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545497/mortality-by-country-of-birth-in-the-nordic-countries-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Helena Honkaniemi, Jennie Bacchus-Hertzman, Johan Fritzell, Mikael Rostila
BACKGROUND: Immigration to the Nordic countries has increased in the last decades and foreign-born inhabitants now constitute a considerable part of the region's population. Several studies suggest poorer self-reported health among foreign-born compared to natives, while results on mortality and life expectancy are inconclusive. To date, few studies have summarized knowledge on mortality differentials by country of birth. This article aims to systematically review previous results on all-cause and cause-specific mortality by country of birth in the Nordic countries...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545149/persistence-of-lineage-iv-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-within-israel-since-1993-an-evolutionary-perspective
#15
Brian Clarke, Mana Mahapatra, Orly Friedgut, Velizar Bumbarov, Satya Parida
Peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) is one of the most important infectious diseases of domesticated small ruminants. From the initial identification in 1942 in West Africa, PPR virus (PPRV) has spread throughout much of the developing world. PPRV is now considered endemic throughout Africa, with the notable exception of South Africa, the Middle-East and Israel, as well as South-, East-, and Central Asia. Despite this widespread dispersal, the evolution and transmission of PPRV in endemic populations is not well understood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544991/associations-of-neighborhood-social-environment-attributes-and-physical-activity-among-9-11-year-old-children-from-12-countries
#16
Samaah M Sullivan, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T Katzmarzyk
We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9-11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers...
May 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544888/pre-stroke-seizures-a-nationwide-register-based-investigation
#17
Johan Zelano, David Larsson, Eva Kumlien, Signild Åsberg
PURPOSE: The relationship between cerebrovascular disease and seizures is clearly illustrated by poststroke epilepsy. Seizures can also be the first manifestation of cerebrovascular disease and case-control studies have demonstrated that seizures carry an increased risk of subsequent stroke. Thus, seizures could serve as a marker for vascular risk that merits intervention, but more data is needed before proper trials can be conducted. The occurrence of pre-stroke seizures has not been assessed on a national scale...
May 17, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544094/development-and-validation-of-the-patient-physician-relationship-scale-among-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
J E Kurlander, W D Chey, C B Morris, Y J B Hu, R K Padival, S I Bangdiwala, N J Norton, W F Norton, D A Drossman
BACKGROUND: An effective patient-physician relationship (PPR) is essential to the care of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We sought to develop and validate an IBS-specific instrument to measure expectations of the PPR. METHODS: We conducted structured focus groups about PPRs with 12 patients with IBS. Qualitative analysis was used to generate a questionnaire (the Patient-Physician Relationship Scale [PPRS]), which was modified with input from content experts and usability testing...
May 22, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544092/fever-and-multiple-eschars-after-an-african-safari-report-of-three-cases
#19
Fátima Albízuri Prado, Alba Sánchez, Marta Feito, Ander Mayor, Ana Rodriguez, Raúl de Lucas
African tick-bite fever (ATBF), a tickborne disease endemic in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and the West Indies caused by Rickettsia africae, has been recognized as an emerging health problem in recent years. ATBF has been reported as the second most commonly documented etiology of fever, after malaria, in travelers who return ill from sub-Saharan Africa. Most cases reported in the literature occurred in middle-aged adults, so the incidence of ATBF in children is unclear. We report a cluster of three cases of ATBF that occurred in children ages 7 to 16 years after returning from a game-hunting safari in South Africa...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544091/a-new-predictive-model-for-acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-taking-oral-anticoagulants-a-cohort-study
#20
Akira Shimomura, Naoyoshi Nagata, Takuro Shimbo, Toshiyuki Sakurai, Shiori Moriyasu, Hidetaka Okubo, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Chizu Yokoi, Junichi Akiyama, Naomi Uemura
BACKGROUND: We developed a predictive model of long-term gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding risk in patients receiving oral anticoagulants and compared it with the HAS-BLED score. METHODS: We periodically followed a cohort of 508 patients taking oral anticoagulants (66 direct oral anticoagulants users and 442 warfarin users). Absence of GI bleeding at an initial examination, and any subsequent GI bleeding, were confirmed endoscopically. The bleeding model was developed by multivariate survival analysis and evaluated by Harrell's c-index...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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