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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342452/estimated-effect-of-temperature-on-years-of-life-lost-a-retrospective-time-series-study-of-low-middle-and-high-income-regions
#1
Maquins Odhiambo Sewe, Aditi Bunker, Vijendra Ingole, Thaddaeus Egondi, Daniel Oudin Åström, David M Hondula, Joacim Rocklöv, Barbara Schumann
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported a strong association between temperature and mortality. Additional insights can be gained from investigating the effects of temperature on years of life lost (YLL), considering the life expectancy at the time of death. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this work was to assess the association between temperature and YLL at seven low-, middle-, and high-income sites. METHODS: We obtained meteorological and population data for at least nine years from four Health and Demographic Surveillance Sites in Kenya (western Kenya, Nairobi), Burkina Faso (Nouna), and India (Vadu), as well as data from cities in the United States (Philadelphia, Phoenix) and Sweden (Stockholm)...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340920/pure-laparoscopic-transhepatic-enucleation-of-a-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-abutting-the-major-hepatic-veins-at-the-hepatocaval-confluence-with-video
#2
Ji Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: A mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) of the liver is a rare disease entity, occurring predominantly in the left hemiliver as reported by Simo et al.1 Thomas et al.2 and Vogt et al.3 Surgical resection of tumors at the hepatocaval confluence is a technically demanding procedure. Enucleation procedures have been performed for the management of benign or premalignant lesions such as cystic tumors as previously described by Thomas et al.2 and Vogt et al.3. We present a patient who underwent pure laparoscopic transhepatic enucleation to treat a MCN abutting the major hepatic veins at the hepatocaval confluence...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340821/a-novel-and-safe-approach-middle-cranial-approach-for-laparoscopic-right-hemicolon-cancer-surgery-with-complete-mesocolic-excision
#3
Songtao Du, Bomiao Zhang, Yanlong Liu, Peng Han, Chengxin Song, Fangjie Hu, Tianyi Xia, Xiangxin Wu, Binbin Cui
BACKGROUND: Mastering right hemicolectomy techniques using laparoscopy in colorectal cancer surgery is very difficult. Although the long-term prognosis of laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (LRH) and complete mesocolic excision is unquestionable, different surgeons have their own opinions on routes of conducting LRH. OBJECTIVES: LRH surgery is very complex due to the upper abdominal anatomical structure and vascular variation. Therefore, it has been considered the most difficult of all colorectal cancer surgeries...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340745/a-6-week-warm-up-injury-prevention-programme-results-in-minimal-biomechanical-changes-during-jump-landings-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
PURPOSE: To examine the extent to which an ACL injury prevention programme modifies lower extremity biomechanics during single- and double-leg landing tasks in both the sagittal and frontal plane. It was hypothesized that the training programme would elicit improvements in lower extremity biomechanics, but that these improvements would be greater during a double-leg sagittal plane landing task than tasks performed on a single leg or in the frontal plane. METHODS: Ninety-seven competitive multi-directional sport athletes that competed at the middle- or high-school level were cluster randomized into intervention (n = 48, age = 15...
January 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340262/recovery-from-a-depressive-episode-during-postgraduate-residency-training-is-associated-with-senior-doctors-support
#5
Takuma Kimura, Emiko Seo, Ryoko Ogawa, Shinji Matsumura, Tetsuhiro Maeno
Background: Depression among doctors in residency training can have significant impacts on the health of the residents and on patient safety. This study aimed to investigate factors associated with recovery from a depressive episode experienced during postgraduate residency training. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 2935 first-year residents at the beginning of residency training in 2011; follow-up surveys were conducted after 3 months and at the end of the training in 2013...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339323/mechanical-thrombectomy-of-acute-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-using-trans-anterior-communicating-artery-approach
#6
Krishna Amuluru, Charles E Romero, Logan Pyle, Mohammad El-Ghanem, Fawaz Al-Mufti
BACKGROUND: A cross-circulation technique involves gaining access to a cerebral vessel through a patent anterior or posterior communicating artery. This technique may be utilized in patients with emergent large vessel occlusions and an unfavorable direct route to the occlusion. While few previous reports have demonstrated successful cross-circulation technique for treatment of emergent large vessel occlusions, we present the first two cases of trans-anterior communicating artery stent-retriever thrombectomy...
January 12, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339193/a-pilot-study-on-the-biomechanical-assessment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery
#7
Ahmed M Al-Jumaily, Sherif Ashaat, Bryn Martin, Rachael Pohle-Krauza, Matthew Krauza, Adrian Dan, John Zografakis
Obesity is a major risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea patients. In obese patients the severity of this risk can be reduced by bariatric surgery. This pilot study investigates the perioperative effects of bariatric surgery on obstructive sleep apnea and on the physical and biomechanical characteristics of the upper airway. Polysomnography and computer tomography data for 10 morbid obese patients promoted for bariatric surgery were conducted before surgery and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively for assessment of the oropharyngeal anatomy, and subsequent three-dimensional modelling of the airway...
January 12, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338955/declining-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-u-s
#8
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Michael Schoenbaum, Carlos Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent declining mortality of the U.S. population from most leading causes, uncertainty exists over trends in health-related quality of life. METHODS: The 2001-2002 and 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Surveys on Alcohol and Related Conditions U.S. representative household surveys were analyzed for trends in health-related quality of life (n=79,402). Health-related quality of life was measured with the Short Form-6 Dimension scale derived from the Short Form-12...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338744/new-insights-in-the-relative-radiobiological-effectiveness-of-proton-irradiation
#9
REVIEW
K Ilicic, S E Combs, T E Schmid
BACKGROUND: Proton radiotherapy is a form of charged particle therapy that is preferentially applied for the treatment of tumors positioned near to critical structures due to their physical characteristics, showing an inverted depth-dose profile. The sparing of normal tissue has additional advantages in the treatment of pediatric patients, in whom the risk of secondary cancers and late morbidity is significantly higher. Up to date, a fixed relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of 1...
January 16, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338706/miliary-tuberculosis-with-co-existing-pulmonary-cryptococcosis-in-non-hiv-patient-without-underlying-diseases-a-case-report
#10
Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Satoru Koga, Shotaro Ide, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and cryptococcosis co-infection usually occurs in immunosuppressed patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity. However, there are few reports about such co-infection in non-HIV patients without underlying diseases. Here, we report a case of miliary tuberculosis with co-existing pulmonary cryptococcosis in non-HIV patient without underlying diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old Asian female presented to our hospital with complaints of a 1-week history of abdominal pain and appetite loss...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338437/elderly-population-have-a-decreased-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-incidence-rate-than-middle-aged-population-a-descriptive-analysis-of-8-144-cases-in-mainland-china
#11
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Lihong Zhang, Lin Zhao, Jian He, Xian-Jun Zeng, Heng Liu, Yun-Jun Yang, Shang-Wei Ding, Zhong-Fei Xu, Yong-Ming He, Lin Yang, Lan Sun, Ke-Jie Mu, Bai-Song Wang, Xiao-Hong Xu, Zhong-You Ji, Jian-Hua Liu, Jin-Zhou Fang, Rui Hou, Feng Fan, Guang-Ming Peng, Yue-Qi Zhu, Sheng-Hong Ju, Wai S Poon
PURPOSE: Rupture of an intracranial aneurysm is a life-threatening acute cerebrovascular event. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) incidence rate is higher or lower in elderly population than in middle aged population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aneurysmal SAH cases were collected retrospectively from the archives of 21 hospitals in Mainland China. All the cases were collected from September 2016 and backward consecutively for a period of time up to 8 years...
January 17, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338002/the-associations-between-adult-body-composition-and-abdominal-adiposity-outcomes-and-relative-weight-gain-and-linear-growth-from-birth-to-age-22-in-the-birth-to-twenty-plus-cohort-south-africa
#12
Alessandra Prioreschi, Richard J Munthali, Juliana Kagura, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Emanuella De Lucia Rolfe, Lisa K Micklesfield, Shane A Norris
BACKGROUND: The growing prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- or middle-income countries precipitates the need to examine early life predictors of adiposity. OBJECTIVES: To examine growth trajectories from birth, and associations with adult body composition in the Birth to Twenty Plus Cohort, Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: Complete data at year 22 was available for 1088 participants (536 males and 537 females). Conditional weight and height indices were generated indicative of relative rate of growth between years 0-2, 2-5, 5-8, 8-18, and 18-22...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337997/event-based-surveillance-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-in-bangladesh-among-pilgrims-and-travelers-from-the-middle-east-an-update-for-the-period-2013-2016
#13
A K M Muraduzzaman, Manjur Hossain Khan, Rezina Parveen, Sharmin Sultana, Ahmed Nawsher Alam, Arifa Akram, Mahmudur Rahman, Tahmina Shirin
INTRODUCTION: Every year around 150,000 pilgrims from Bangladesh perform Umrah and Hajj. Emergence and continuous reporting of MERS-CoV infection in Saudi Arabia emphasize the need for surveillance of MERS-CoV in returning pilgrims or travelers from the Middle East and capacity building of health care providers for disease containment. The Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control & Research (IEDCR) under the Bangladesh Ministry of Health and Family welfare (MoHFW), is responsible for MERS-CoV screening of pilgrims/ travelers returning from the Middle East with respiratory illness as part of its outbreak investigation and surveillance activities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337994/a-reassessment-of-the-montmaurin-la-niche-mandible-haute-garonne-france-in-the-context-of-european-pleistocene-human-evolution
#14
Amélie Vialet, Mario Modesto-Mata, María Martinón-Torres, Marina Martínez de Pinillos, José-María Bermúdez de Castro
We here present a comparative study of the Montmaurin-LN Middle Pleistocene mandible (Haute-Garonne, France). This mandible, of which its right and left molar series are preserved in situ, was found in La Niche cave (Montmaurin's karst system) in 1949, and was first attributed to the 'Mindel-Riss' interglacial (= MIS 9 to 11) based on its geological context. Later studies based on geological and faunal evidence have attributed the Montmaurin-LN mandible to MIS 7. Following a detailed morphological and metric comparative study of the mandible in the 1970s, it was interpreted in the light of a still limited fossil record and the prevailing paradigm back then...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337595/outcome-of-extraocular-retinoblastoma-in-a-resource-limited-center-from-low-middle-income-country
#15
Gitika Pant, Nishant Verma, Archana Kumar, Vishal Pooniya, Sanjiv Kumar Gupta
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common ocular malignancy in children, and is managed by multimodal treatment. There is a paucity of data regarding the clinical profile and outcome of children with extraocular retinoblastoma from Low Middle Income Countries (LMIC) including India. Case records of children with newly diagnosed extraocular RB from January 2013 to August 2016 treated at our unit were analysed for clinical profile, treatment, and outcome. Over the 44 month study period, 91 children were diagnosed with RB, out of which 41 had extraocular disease...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337020/inverse-association-between-plasma-homocysteine-concentrations-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-a-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-population
#16
C Yu, J Wang, F Wang, X Han, H Hu, J Yuan, X Miao, P Yao, S Wei, Y Wang, Y Liang, W Chen, X Zhang, H Guo, H Yang, Y Tang, D Zheng, T Wu, M He
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Plasma homocysteine concentrations have been reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with controversial findings. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma homocysteine concentrations and T2DM. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study including 19,085 eligible participants derived from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort was conducted. Plasma homocysteine concentrations were measured by Abbott Architect i2000 Automatic analyzer and T2DM was defined according to American Diabetes Association criteria...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336688/beliefs-about-memory-as-a-mediator-of-relations-between-metacognitive-beliefs-and-actual-memory-performance
#17
Metehan Irak, Dicle Çapan
The goal of the present study was to investigate relationships between personal beliefs about memory, metacognitive beliefs, and actual memory performance. One hundred thirty-seven participants' (aged 20 to 60 years) metacognitive beliefs were measured using the Metacognition Questionnaire (MCQ-30), memory beliefs were measured using the Personal Beliefs about Memory Instrument (PBMI), and an episodic memory task was used to measure actual memory performance, memory predictions, and postdictions. Younger adults had lower scores on the positive beliefs subfactor of the MCQ-30, higher scores on retrospective change and control subfactors of the PBMI, and outperformed middle-aged adults on recall and recall postdiction...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336600/current-clinical-practice-patterns-of-self-identified-interventional-radiologists
#18
Patricia Balthazar, C Matthew Hawkins, Arvind Vijayasarathi, Thomas W Loehfelm, Richard Duszak
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess patterns of procedural, clinical evaluation and management (E/M), and diagnostic imaging services rendered by self-identified interventional radiologists (IRs) across the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Recent Medicare Physician and Other Supplier Public Use and Physician Compare national downloadable files were linked. IRs were defined as physicians self-identifying interventional radiology as their primary specialty on Medicare claims or as a specialty during Medicare enrollment...
January 16, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336368/glycosaminoglycan-content-of-the-lateral-compartment-cartilage-in-knees-conforming-to-the-indications-for-oxford-medial-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Fu-Yin Wan, Ju-An Yue, Wan-Shou Guo, Lu-Yao Ma, Ran Yan, Qi-Dong Zhang, Li-Ming Cheng
BACKGROUND: The quality of the lateral compartment cartilage is important to preoperative evaluation and prognostic prediction of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC) enables noninvasive assessment of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content in cartilage. This study aimed to determine the GAG content of the lateral compartment cartilage in knees scheduled to undergo Oxford medial UKA. METHODS: From December 2016 to May 2017, twenty patients (20 osteoarthritic knees) conforming to the indications for Oxford medial UKA were included as the osteoarthritis (OA) group, and 20 healthy volunteers (20 knees) paired by sex, knee side, age (±3 years), and body mass index (BMI) (±3 kg/m2) were included as the control group...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336138/psycho-acoustical-measures-in-individuals-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#20
Kaushlendra Kumar, Teenu Thomas, Jayashree S Bhat, Rajesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: In congenital visual impaired individuals one modality is impaired (visual modality) this impairment is compensated by other sensory modalities. There is evidence that visual impaired performed better in different auditory task like localization, auditory memory, verbal memory, auditory attention, and other behavioural tasks when compare to normal sighted individuals. OBJECTIVE: The current study was aimed to compare the temporal resolution, frequency resolution and speech perception in noise ability in individuals with congenital visual impaired and normal sighted...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
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