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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783280/pericardial-cyst-cause-of-sudden-cardiac-death
#1
Marie Brix Ley, Maiken Kudahl Larsen
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of sudden death in the world. The etiology of sudden cardiac death involves a wide range of diseases, but seldom pericardial cysts. A pericardial cyst is an uncommon cyst usually located in the middle mediastinum and rarely in the posterior part. They are usually harmless and asymptomatic. Here, we present a case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea and hoarseness, but died suddenly after a CT scan was attempted. The detailed forensic pathologic and histologic examination revealed a pericardial cyst located in the posterior mediastinum...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783234/-myocardial-bridge-as-the-only-cause-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-among-the-young-patients
#2
Liudmila O Miakinkova, Yurii V Teslenko, Irina V Tsyhanenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Myocardial bridge is an inborn anomaly of coronary artery development, when a part of it is submerged in a myocard, which is pressing the coronary artery to a systola and restrains coronary blood circulation. Generally this feature of coronary blood circulation does not cause any clinical symptoms because the 85% of coronary blood stream of the left ventricle is provided by diastolic filling. Hemodynamic changes in atherosclerosis, tahicardie, hypertrophie of myocard are leading to the manifestation of clinical symptoms of ischemia...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783206/-experimental-evaluation-of-the-therapeutic-potential-of-liposome-mediated-apoe3-gene-transfection-for-cerebral-atherosclerosis
#3
Vadym V Biloshytskyi, Alisa V Pachevska, Alina V Biloshytska, Valerii M Istoshyn, Maryna V Biloshytska, Olha B Shevnia
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In recent years, a stroke has been the cause of high lethality, long-term and sustained disability, the problem of which is still far from being resolved. The root cause of stroke is atherosclerosis. The aim: Study of neurotrophic and neuroprotective functions of apoE in rat brain tissue in experimental atherosclerosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study included 60 sexually mature rats. The model of experimental atherosclerosis was created by Anichkov method...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783021/a-hyper-diverse-genus-of-acanthocephalans-revealed-by-tree-based-and-non-tree-based-species-delimitation-methods-ten-cryptic-species-of-neoechinorhynchus-in-middle-american-freshwater-fishes
#4
Carlos Daniel Pinacho-Pinacho, Martín García-Varela, Ana L Sereno-Uribe, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
The genus Neoechinorhynchus represents a hyper-diverse group of acanthocephalans, parasites of fresh and brackish water fish and freshwater turtles, with approximately 116 species described worldwide. Forty-nine species have been recorded in the Americas, nine of them in Middle America. Even though species delimitation methods using DNA sequences have been rarely used for parasitic helminths, the genetic library for species of Neoechinorhynchus has grown in the past few years, enhancing the possibility of using these methods for inferring evolutionary relationships and for establishing more robust species boundaries...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782952/the-snakebite-problem-and-antivenom-crisis-from-a-health-economic-perspective
#5
Abdulrazaq G Habib, Nicholas I Brown
The scourge of snakebite has been well documented but largely ignored by the global health community for several decades, especially the role that economics has played in causing and exacerbating this crisis. Every year millions of people in low and middle-income countries face death, disability and disadvantage from snakebite envenoming (SBE) without access to appropriate treatment. Health-economic factors pervade every aspect of this neglected problem. A multitude of financial and commercial factors helped to cause, and now perpetuate, shortages of high quality, affordable and region-appropriate antivenom in areas where they are most needed...
May 18, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782935/vitamin-d-status-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-melbourne-collaborative-cohort-study
#6
Alicia K Heath, Elizabeth J Williamson, Allison M Hodge, Peter R Ebeling, Darryl W Eyles, David Kvaskoff, Kerin O'Dea, Graham G Giles, Dallas R English
AIMS: Inverse associations between vitamin D status and risk of type 2 diabetes observed in epidemiological studies could be biased by confounding and reverse causality. We investigated the prospective association between vitamin D status and type 2 diabetes and the possible role of reverse causality. METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study within the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS), including a random sample of 628 participants who developed diabetes and a sex-stratified random sample of the cohort (n=1,884)...
May 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782391/impact-of-age-on-the-association-between-24-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-measurements-and-target-organ-damage
#7
Thomas B Olesen, Manan Pareek, Jacob V Stidsen, Marie K Blicher, Susanne Rasmussen, Julie K K Vishram-Nielsen, Kathrine Kjaer-Hansen, Michael H Olsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of age on the associations between hemodynamic components derived from 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (24-h ABPM) and target organ damage, in apparently healthy, nonmedicated individuals. METHODS: Twenty-four-hour ABPM and target organ damage (left ventricular mass index, pulse wave velocity, urine albumin : creatinine ratio and carotid atherosclerotic plaques) were evaluated in 1408 individuals. Associations were examined in regression models, stratified for age [middle-aged (41 or 51 years) or elderly (61 or 71 years)], and adjusted for sex, smoking status, and total-cholesterol...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781948/outcomes-of-pediatric-abo-incompatible-living-kidney-transplantations-from-2002-to-2015-an-analysis-of-the-japanese-kidney-transplant-registry
#8
Motoshi Hattori, Makiko Mieno, Seiichiro Shishido, Atsushi Aikawa, Hidetaka Ushigome, Shinichi Ohshima, Kota Takahashi, Akira Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Extensive data have been accumulated for adults who have undergone ABO-incompatible (ABOi)-living kidney transplantation (LKT). In contrast, available published data on pediatric recipients who underwent ABOi-LKT from the early to middle 2000s is very limited. Thus, pediatric ABOi-LKT has remained relatively rare and there is a lack of large, multicenter data. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Japanese Kidney Transplant Registry to clarify the patient and graft outcomes of pediatric recipients who underwent ABOi-LKT from 2002 to 2015...
April 30, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781685/detection-referral-and-control-of-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-the-rural-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-by-community-health-outreach-workers-in-the-rural-primary-healthcare-project-health-in-every-hut
#9
Angela A Morris-Paxton, Paul Rheeder, Rose-Marie G Ewing, Dillon Woods
BACKGROUND:  Non-communicable diseases, mainly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases, are responsible for approximately 63% of all deaths occurring worldwide in any given year. The majority of these deaths have occurred in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The latest World Health Organization (WHO) report shows that the increase in diabetes is also most pronounced in the LMICs. The South African Labour and Development Research Unit estimated a 9% prevalence within the adult population in 2016...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781672/immunological-response-to-brucella-abortus-strain-19-vaccination-of-cattle-in-a-communal-area-in-south-africa
#10
Gregory J G Simpson, Tanguy Marcotty, Elodie Rouille, Abel Chilundo, Jean-Jacques Letteson, Jacques Godfroid
Brucellosis is of worldwide economic and public health importance. Heifer vaccination with live attenuated Brucella abortus strain 19 (S19) is the cornerstone of control in low- and middle-income countries. Antibody persistence induced by S19 is directly correlated with the number of colony-forming units (CFU) per dose. There are two vaccination methods: a 'high' dose (5-8 × 1010 CFU) subcutaneously injected or one or two 'low' doses (5 × 109 CFU) through the conjunctival route. This study aimed to evaluate serological reactions to the 'high' dose and possible implications of the serological findings on disease control...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781576/ultrasonography-for-the-assessment-of-skin-in-systemic-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#11
Tânia Santiago, Mariana Santiago, Barbara Ruaro, Maria João Salvador, Maurizio Cutolo, J A P da Silva
OBJECTIVE: To identify and synthesise the best available evidence on the use of ultrasound to assess skin involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: We conducted a systemic review of the literature on Pubmed MEDLINE and Embase, using the vocabulary terms: ('systemic sclerosis OR scleroderma') AND ('ultrasonography' OR 'Elasticity Imaging Techniques') AND ('skin' OR 'dermis'). Two independent reviewers selected articles, collected data from studies and carried out a manual search of the references from the studies included...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781510/tramadol-opioid-abuse-is-associated-with-a-dose-and-time-dependent-poor-sperm-quality-and-hyperprolactinaemia-in-young-men
#12
A G A Farag, M A Basha, S A Amin, N F Elnaidany, N G Elhelbawy, M M T Mostafa, S A Khodier, R A Ibrahem, R Z Mahfouz
Tramadol, one of the most commonly abused drugs in Middle East, impacts spermatogenesis and disturbs reproductive hormones in animal studies. We aimed to investigate tramadol impact on sperm quality and on levels of testosterone, prolactin and gonadotropins, in tramadol abusers (n = 30) to age-matched control (n = 30). Abusers had significantly low percentages of sperm motility, normal forms and vitality compared with control (95% CI -40.7 to -19.3, -13.5 to -9.3 and -31.9 to -9.7 respectively). Hypoandrogenism (95% CI -4...
May 21, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780669/an-examination-of-the-impact-of-olson-s-extinction-on-tetrapods-from-texas
#13
Neil Brocklehurst
It has been suggested that a transition between a pelycosaurian-grade synapsid dominated fauna of the Cisuralian (early Permian) and the therapsid dominated fauna of the Guadalupian (middle Permian) was accompanied by, and possibly driven by, a mass extinction dubbed Olson's Extinction. However, this interpretation of the record has recently been criticised as being a result of inappropriate time-binning strategies: calculating species richness within international stages or substages combines extinctions occurring throughout the late Kungurian stage into a single event...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780032/severe-outcomes-associated-with-respiratory-viruses-in-newborns-and-infants-a-prospective-viral-surveillance-study-in-jordan
#14
Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Lindsey Lawrence, Bhinnata Piya, Li Wang, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Samir Faouri, Asem Shehabi, Sten H Vermund, John V Williams, Natasha B Halasa
OBJECTIVE: To assess virus-specific hospitalisation rates, risk factors for illness severity and seasonal trends in children hospitalised with acute respiratory infections (ARI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A government hospital serving low-income and middle-income population in Amman, Jordan. PARTICIPANTS: Children under 2 years of age hospitalised with fever and/or respiratory symptoms (n=3168) from 16 March 2010 to 31 March 2013...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779724/the-emerging-use-of-social-media-for-health-related-purposes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#15
Emily Hagg, V Susan Dahinten, Leanne M Currie
BACKGROUND: Social media allows for instant access to, and dissemination of, information around the globe. Access to social media in low- and middle-income countries has increased exponentially in recent years due to technological advances. Despite this growth, the use of social media in low- and middle-income countries is less well-researched than in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify, explore and summarize the current state of the literature on the use of social media for health in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779545/counseling-psychological-and-social-services-staffing-policies-in-u-s-school-districts
#16
Nancy Brener, Zewditu Demissie
INTRODUCTION: Schools are in a unique position to meet the mental and behavioral health needs of children and adolescents because approximately 95% of young people aged 7-17 years attend school. Little is known, however, about policies related to counseling, psychological, and social services staffing in school districts. This study analyzed the prevalence of such policies in public school districts in the U.S. METHODS: Data from four cycles (2000, 2006, 2012, and 2016) of the School Health Policies and Practices Study, a national survey periodically conducted to assess policies and practices for ten components of school health, were analyzed in 2017...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779283/-prevalence-survey-of-dental-trauma-to-immature-permanent-teeth-in-xi-an-schoolchildren
#17
Xiao-Min Wang, Xue-Long Su, Hong Wang, Fei Liu, Ya-Ping Zhao, Qing-Yu Guo
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence rate, distribution, and reasons of immature permanent-tooth trauma in Xi'an were investigated and described, and a scientific basis was provided for the decision-making of health-administration departments. METHODS: Through cluster and simple random sampling survey, 4 013 pupils in schools from nine districts and four counties in Xi'an were sampled. All pupils and their parents were requested to complete a questionnaire. Oral examinations were conducted for children who had immature permanent teeth trauma...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779259/periodontal-status-among-elderly-inhabitants-of-northern-manhattan-the-whicap-ancillary-study-of-oral-health
#18
Jaffer A Shariff, Sandra Burkett, Caitlin Wei-Ming Watson, Bin Cheng, James M Noble, Panos N Papapanou
AIM: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a tri-ethnic cohort of ≥65 year-old participants of the Washington-Heights Inwood Community Aging Project (WHICAP). METHODS: 1,130 individuals (57% of eligible invitees) participated in a full-mouth periodontal examination that included assessments of bleeding on probing, pocket depth and clinical attachment loss (CAL) at six sites/tooth. RESULTS: Participants had a mean age of 75...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778846/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-treatment-with-lacosamide-postmarketing-experience-from-the-middle-east-region
#19
Maher Arabi, Taoufik Alsaadi, Wassim Nasreddine, Jasem Al-Hashel, Maya Dirani, Ahmad Beydoun
PURPOSE: Lacosamide (LCM) was recently introduced in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of LCM in patients with focal onset seizures and determine if our results are comparable with those derived from Western countries. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis from two medical centers on consecutive patients diagnosed as having focal onset seizures and treated with add-on LCM. The primary efficacy variables were the 50% responder and seizure-free rates, and the secondary outcome variables included the percentages of patients who achieved seizure remission during the last 6-month follow-up period and the percentages of discontinuation due to lack of efficacy or tolerability...
May 17, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778617/bowel-dysfunction-after-sigmoid-resection-underestimated-multicentre-study-on-quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-carcinoma-of-the-rectum-and-sigmoid
#20
M van Heinsbergen, M L Janssen-Heijnen, J W Leijtens, G D Slooter, J L Konsten
AIM: The Low Anterior Resection Syndrome (LARS) severely affects quality of life (QoL) after rectal cancer surgery. There are no data about functional complaints after sigmoid cancer surgery. We investigated LARS and QoL in patients with a resection for sigmoid cancer versus patients who had surgery for rectal cancer. METHODS: 506 patients after resection for rectal or sigmoid cancer who were at least one year colostomy-free were included between January 2008 and December 2013...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
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