keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Middle years

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913760/neighborhood-physical-disorder-and-psychological-distress-does-the-risk-increase-with-age
#1
Manacy Pai, Joongbaeck Kim
Although research documents a link between neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, we know little about the extent to which this association varies by age. Utilizing the person-environment fit model and drawing on data from the fourth wave of the Americans' Changing Lives Survey, we examine the extent to which age influences the association between perceptions of neighborhood physical disorder and psychological distress, as measured by depressive symptoms. We employ both continuous and categorical measures of age to test for a potential moderating effect...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913613/socioeconomic-differences-in-health-check-ups-and-medically-certified-sickness-absence-a-10-year-follow-up-among-middle-aged-municipal-employees-in-finland
#2
Kustaa Piha, Hilla Sumanen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence on the association between health check-ups and future morbidity. Among the general population, those with high socioeconomic position participate more often in health check-ups. The main aims of this study were to analyse if attendance to health check-ups are socioeconomically patterned and affect sickness absence over a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: This register-based follow-up study included municipal employees of the City of Helsinki...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913539/prevention-of-central-nervous-system-sequelae-in-sickle-cell-disease-without-evidence-from-randomized-controlled-trials-the-case-for-a-team-based-learning-collaborative
#3
Michael R DeBaun, Allison A King
Since 1998, the National Institutes of Health has funded 5 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for primary and secondary prevention of strokes in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). In a systematic fashion, these trials have significantly advanced the care of children with SCA. In the absence of an RCT, clinicians are often compelled to make decisions at the bedside, based on experience, observational studies, and principles of hematology. We will provide an initial example that describes how a team-based, learning collaborative developed a multisite standard care protocol with a low budget (<$10 000 per year) to overcome the intrinsic limitations of advancing the care of neurologic complications in sickle cell disease (SCD)...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913201/early-mortality-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-stroke-admitted-to-a-large-teaching-hospital-in-tanzania
#4
Kigocha Okeng'o, Pilly Chillo, William K Gray, Richard W Walker, William Matuja
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major cause of death worldwide and 85.5% of stroke deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries due to stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate correlates and predictors of 30-day mortality in stroke patients in urban Tanzania. METHODS: A prospective 30-day follow-up study was conducted at the Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. We recruited all patients with stroke seen at the Emergency Medicine Department and medical wards...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912790/fetal-malformation-in-maternal-toxoplasma-and-rubella-co-infection-in-cameroon-a-case-report
#5
Andreas Ateke Njoh, Sarah Namondo Njoh, Messang Blandine Abizou
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent increase in the number of newborns with brain malformations due to congenital infections, but the impact of these diseases remains largely under ascertained in middle-income and low-income countries. This case report presents a fetal anencephaly following maternal toxoplasma and rubella co-infection in a resource-limited setting and the challenges faced by the patient and the health care provider in the management of the condition. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old black Cameroonian woman of Bakossi origin, gravida3 para1010, presented with a positive rubella and toxoplasma immunoglobulin G serologic test at 21 weeks of pregnancy; she could not benefit from a fetal morphologic ultrasound partly because there was none at the site of her antenatal clinic and because there were accessibility constraints getting to the nearest referral hospital approximately 100 km away...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911299/chronotropic-response-and-cognitive-function-in-a-cohort-at-risk-for%C3%A2-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Lena L Law, Stephanie A Schultz, Elizabeth A Boots, Jean A Einerson, Ryan J Dougherty, Jennifer M Oh, Claudia E Korcarz, Dorothy F Edwards, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Catherine L Gallagher, Barbara B Bendlin, Cynthia M Carlsson, Sanjay Asthana, Bruce P Hermann, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson, Dane B Cook, James H Stein, Ozioma C Okonkwo
The objective of this study was to examine the association of chronotropic response (CR) and heart rate (HR) recovery- two indices of cardiovascular function within the context of a graded exercise test- with cognitive performance in a cognitively healthy, late-middle-aged cohort at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ninety participants (age = 63.52±5.86 years; 65.6% female) from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention participated in this study. They underwent graded exercise testing and a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment that assessed the following four cognitive domains: Immediate Memory, Verbal & Learning Memory, Working Memory, and Speed & Flexibility...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910213/dedifferentiated-chordoid-meningioma-with-rhabdomyosarcomatous-differentiation-on-the-middle-cranial-fossa
#7
Hirotaka Fudaba, Tatsuya Abe, Masaki Morishige, Yasutomo Momii, Kenji Kashima, Akira Yamada, Hirofumi Nagatomi, Atsushi Natsume, Junko Hirato, Yoichi Nakazato, Minoru Fujiki
A 46-year-old woman presented with headache and right hemiparesis. MRI demonstrated a mass in the left middle fossa. Total resection was performed. A histological examination of the tumor specimen showed several characteristic morphological features. A chordoid meningioma showing an epithelial-like palisade arrangement was observed. An anaplastic short spindle cell tumor exhibiting a fascicular pattern was considered to be a rhabdomyosarcoma. After conventional radiotherapy, the tumor was well controlled without any neurological deficit for 20 months...
December 2016: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909854/does-everyone-s-motivational-beliefs-about-physical-science-decline-in-secondary-school-heterogeneity-of-adolescents-achievement-motivation-trajectories-in-physics-and-chemistry
#8
Ming-Te Wang, Angela Chow, Jessica Lauren Degol, Jacquelynne Sue Eccles
Students' motivational beliefs about learning physical science are critical for achieving positive educational outcomes. In this study, we incorporated expectancy-value theory to capture the heterogeneity of adolescents' motivational trajectories in physics and chemistry from seventh to twelfth grade and linked these trajectories to science-related outcomes. We used a cross-sequential design based on three different cohorts of adolescents (N = 699; 51.5 % female; 95 % European American; M ages for youngest, middle, and oldest cohorts at the first wave = 13...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909556/the-amelioration-of-plasma-lipids-by-korean-traditional-confectionery-in-middle-aged-women-a-cross-over-study-with-western-cookie
#9
Sun Hee Hong, Mijeong Kim, Minji Woo, Jeong Sook Noh, JaeHwan Lee, Lana Chung, Yeong Ok Song
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine whether plasma lipid profiles are affected differently by snack kinds with equal calorific values. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We compared a Korean traditional confectionery (dasik) with Western confectionery (cookie) in this regard. Controlled cross-over study consisted of two 3-week snack intake phases and for separating, a 2-week washout period (3-2-3) was carried out with 30 healthy women aged between 40-59 years old...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909283/-endobronchial-hamartoma-requiring-lobectomy-report-of-a-case
#10
Kyosuke Matsunaga, Yusuke Takanashi, Hironobu Oiki, Takamitsu Hayakawa, Shun Matsuura, Hiroshi Neyatani
We present a rare case of endobronchial hamartoma that required right middle and lower lobectomy. A 59-year-old man presented with cough and sputum lasting for 9 months. Chest X-ray revealed obstructive pneumonia of the right inferior lobe. Chest computed tomography demonstrated an intrabronchial mass lesion, size 12×12 mm, occluding the entrance of the right lower lobe bronchus associated with obstructive pneumonia of the right inferior lobe. Because transbronchial biopsy could not confirm the diagnosis, we performed a right middle and lower lobectomy to diagnose and treat obstructive pneumonia...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909213/hammertoe-correction-with-k-wire-fixation-compared-with-percutaneous-correction
#11
Mustafa Yassin, Avraham Garti, Eyal Heller, Dror Robinson
BACKGROUND: Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation for correction of hammertoe deformity is the gold standard for hammertoe surgery fixation, the current study compares it to percutaneous surgery with 3M Coban dressings. METHODS: All hammertoe corrections performed were retrospectively reviewed. For the K-wire fixation group: resection arthroplasty of the proximal interphalangeal joint was performed and fixed with a K-wire. The percutaneous technique used involved percutaneous diaphyseal osteotomy of the middle and proximal phalanges combined with tendon release...
November 30, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909038/decision-tree-based-modelling-for-identification-of-potential-interactions-between-type-2-diabetes-risk-factors-a-decade-follow-up-in-a-middle-east-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Azra Ramezankhani, Esmaeil Hadavandi, Omid Pournik, Jamal Shahrabi, Fereidoun Azizi, Farzad Hadaegh
OBJECTIVE: The current study was undertaken for use of the decision tree (DT) method for development of different prediction models for incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and for exploring interactions between predictor variables in those models. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). METHODS: A total of 6647 participants (43.4% men) aged >20 years, without T2D at baselines ((1999-2001) and (2002-2005)), were followed until 2012...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908938/a-rare-case-of-extensive-cranial-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-synchronously-presenting-as-otitis-externa-and-giant-cell-arteritis
#13
Adnan Darr, Zahir Mughal, Thomas Martin
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare histiocytic disorder of unpredictable clinical course and varied modes of presentation. The spectrum of presentation is wide, ranging from isolated eosinophilic granulomas to multiple lesions and diffuse systemic involvement. We present the case of a 52-year-old man, who presented with an 8-week history of worsening otalgia and superficial temporal tenderness attributed to otitis externa within the community and subsequently giant cell arteritis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were undertaken due to atypical features, which demonstrated bony destruction within the right greater wing of the sphenoid, squamous part of temporal and mastoid bone, with middle cranial fossa communication...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908645/a-brief-measure-of-language-skills-at-3-years-of-age-and-special-education-use-in-middle-childhood
#14
Laura Lee McIntyre, William E Pelham, Matthew H Kim, Thomas J Dishion, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a language screener administered during early childhood predicts special education referrals and placement in middle childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A series of logistic regressions was conducted in a longitudinal study of 731 children. Predictor variables included scores on the early language screener (Fluharty Preschool Speech and Language Screening Test-Second Edition [Fluharty-2]) at ages 3 and 4 years, a standardized measure of academic achievement at age 5 years, and parent report of special education services at ages 7...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908566/update-of-choroidal-imaging-techniques-past-present-and-future
#15
J Ruiz-Medrano, I Flores-Moreno, R Gutierrez-Bonet, J Chhablani, J M Ruiz-Moreno
The choroid is the middle layer of the eye, a very vascular and pigmented tissue, with its role in several ophthalmological pathologies already having been clearly established. But it was not until the last few years that we have been able to reliably and precisely measure and quantify its shape and thickness. Ultrasound technology and indocyanine green angiography were the first techniques used for the study of the choroid, and they still maintain their use and clinical indications for the diagnosis and management of several pathologies...
November 28, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908450/the-learning-curve-effect-on-embolization-of-cerebral-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-single-center-experience-in-48%C3%A2-consecutive-patients
#16
D Le Foll, H Raoult, J C Ferré, F Naudet, D Trystram, J Y Gauvrit
BACKGROUND: Cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are rare intracranial vascular lesions but can cause significant morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of the center's experience on DAVF embolization efficacy and safety. METHODS: From May 2008 to October 2014, 57 embolization procedures were attempted on 48 patients (37 men and 11 women; median age: 63.9 years) for DAVF in a single center. DAVF presented with cortical venous reflux in 44/48 cases (91...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908389/hypertension-obesity-diabetes-and%C3%A2-heart%C3%A2-failure-free-survival-the-cardiovascular-disease-lifetime-risk-pooling-project
#17
Faraz S Ahmad, Hongyan Ning, Jonathan D Rich, Clyde W Yancy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, John T Wilkins
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to quantify the relationship between the absence of heart failure risk factors in middle age and incident heart failure, heart failure-free survival, and overall survival. BACKGROUND: Quantification of years lived free from heart failure in the context of risk factor burden in mid-life may improve risk communication and prevention efforts. METHODS: We conducted a pooled, individual-level analysis sampling from communities across the United States as part of 4 cohort studies: the Framingham Heart, Framingham Offspring, Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry, and ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities) studies...
December 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907251/climate-influences-on-whitebark-pine-mortality-from-mountain-pine-beetle-in-the-greater-yellowstone-ecosystem
#18
Polly C Buotte, Jeffrey A Hicke, Haiganoush K Preisler, John T Abatzoglou, Kenneth F Raffa, Jesse A Logan
Extensive mortality of whitebark pine, beginning in the early to mid-2000s, occurred in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE) of the western USA, primarily from mountain pine beetle but also from other threats such as white pine blister rust. The climatic drivers of this recent mortality and the potential for future whitebark pine mortality from mountain pine beetle are not well understood, yet are important considerations in whether to list whitebark pine as a threatened or endangered species. We sought to increase the understanding of climate influences on mountain pine beetle outbreaks in whitebark pine forests, which are less well understood than in lodgepole pine, by quantifying climate-beetle relationships, analyzing climate influences during the recent outbreak, and estimating the suitability of future climate for beetle outbreaks...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907130/environmental-nitrogen-losses-from-commercial-crop-production-systems-in-the-suwannee-river-basin-of-florida
#19
Rishi Prasad, George J Hochmuth
The springs and the Suwannee river of northern Florida in Middle Suwanee River Basin (MSRB) are among several examples in this planet that have shown a temporal trend of increasing nitrate concentration primarily due to the impacts of non-point sources such as agriculture. The rate of nitrate increase in the river as documented by Ham and Hatzell (1996) was 0.02 mg N L-1 y-1. Best management practices (BMPs) for nutrients were adopted by the commercial farms in the MSRB region to reduce the amounts of pollutants entering the water bodies, however the effectiveness of BMPs remains a topic of interest and discussion among the researchers, environmental administrators and policy makers about the loads of nitrogen entering into groundwater and river systems...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906797/non-cirrhotic-portal-fibrosis-in-pediatric-population
#20
Vikrant Sood, Bikrant Bihari Lal, Rajeev Khanna, Dinesh Rawat, Chhagan Bihari Sharma, Seema Alam
BACKGROUND: Non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF) has been classically described as a disease of young to middle age with limited literature regarding its occurrence, onset or clinical presentation in children. We hereby present a series of 19 patients diagnosed and managed as NCPF in pediatric age group. METHODS: A retrospective review of all the patients presenting to the pediatric hepatology department (age < 18 years) and diagnosed as NCPF was done and data was evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
keyword
keyword
77182
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"