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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214981/neural-mechanism-underling-comprehension-of-narrative-speech-and-its-heritability-study-in-a-large-population
#1
Abbas Babajani-Feremi
Comprehension of narratives constitutes a fundamental part of our everyday life experience. Although the neural mechanism of auditory narrative comprehension has been investigated in some studies, the neural correlates underlying this mechanism and its heritability remain poorly understood. We investigated comprehension of naturalistic speech in a large, healthy adult population (n = 429; 176/253 M/F; 22-36 years of age) consisting of 192 twin pairs (49 monozygotic and 47 dizygotic pairs) and 237 of their siblings...
February 18, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214914/the-impact-of-bitter-taste-receptor-genetics-on-culturable-bacteria-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#2
D I Rom, J M Christensen, R Alvarado, R Sacks, R J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Extra-oral bitter taste receptors have been associated with innate bacterial defence mechanisms. Genetic variation in T2R38 functionality has been shown to be associated with susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infections and chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We sought to independently assess the influence of bitter taste receptor genotype on the presence of culturable bacteria in the sinuses. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional analysis of patients with CRS undergoing surgery was performed...
February 19, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214909/-obesity-and-diabetes-a-global-problem-what-does-recent-data-tell-us
#3
Simona Giampaoli, Serena Vannucchi
The authors discuss the latest data regarding obesity and diabetes worldwide and in Italy. Two very important articles were recently published by the Non Communicable Disease Risk Factor Collaboration which employs hundreds of researchers around the world. The two articles respectively describe trends in Body Mass Index and diabetes, in different countries in the past 40 years, and show that there has been a startling increase in the number of obese people and people suffering from diabetes worldwide. The number of obese people (BMI>=30 Kg/m2) has risen globally from 105 million in 1975 to 641 million in 2014...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214640/the-art-of-mimicry-anterior-clinoid-dural-based-cavernous-hemangioma-mistaken-for-a-meningioma
#4
Tarek R Mansour, Yacine Medhkour, Pouya Entezami, Robert Mrak, Jason Schroeder, Azedine Medhkour
BACKGROUND: Cavernous hemangiomas account for 5-13% of central nervous system vascular lesions. They are usually found intra-axially but rarely involve extra-axial structures, most commonly the middle cranial fossa. A cavernous hemangioma presenting as a clinoid meningioma is extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a 36-year-old male with an asymptomatic intracranial mass found incidentally after an ATV accident. Preoperative MRI revealed a well-defined dural-based lesion arising from the right anterior clinoid process which was nearly homogenously enhancing, with a radiological diagnosis of meningioma...
February 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214402/relationship-between-chewing-ability-and-cognitive-impairment-in-the-rural-elderly
#5
Eun-Kyong Kim, Sung Kook Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Makiko Tanaka, Kimiko Hirotsu, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hee-Kyung Lee, Yun-Sook Jung, Atsuo Amano
OBJECTIVE: Relationship between masticatory function and cognitive impairment had been suggested but still understudied. We investigated the association between chewing ability and cognitive impairment among the elderly living in a rural region. METHODS: A total of 295 elderly individuals aged ≥70 years in a rural city of Korea participated in a cross-sectional study. Trained nurses conducted interviews and assessed chewing ability using gum that changed color based on chewing performance...
February 11, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213779/adenoid-bacterial-colonization-in-a-paediatric-population
#6
João Subtil, João Carlos Rodrigues, Lúcia Reis, Luís Freitas, Joana Filipe, Alberto Santos, Carlos Macor, Aida Duarte, Luisa Jordao
Adenoids play a key role in both respiratory and ear infection in children. It has also been shown that adenoidectomy improves these symptoms in this population. The main goal of the present study was to evaluate adenoid bacterial colonization and document a possible relation with infectious respiratory disease. A prospective observational study was designed to evaluate the proposed hypothesis in a paediatric population submitted to adenoidectomy by either infectious or non-infectious indications and compare these two cohorts...
February 18, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213596/white-cell-count-in-the-normal-range-and-short-term-and-long-term-mortality-international-comparisons-of-electronic-health-record-cohorts-in-england-and-new-zealand
#7
Anoop Dinesh Shah, Simon Thornley, Sheng-Chia Chung, Spiros Denaxas, Rod Jackson, Harry Hemingway
OBJECTIVES: Electronic health records offer the opportunity to discover new clinical implications for established blood tests, but international comparisons have been lacking. We tested the association of total white cell count (WBC) with all-cause mortality in England and New Zealand. SETTING: Primary care practices in England (ClinicAl research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records (CALIBER)) and New Zealand (PREDICT). DESIGN: Analysis of linked electronic health record data sets: CALIBER (primary care, hospitalisation, mortality and acute coronary syndrome registry) and PREDICT (cardiovascular risk assessments in primary care, hospitalisations, mortality, dispensed medication and laboratory results)...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212978/a-systematic-review-of-the-survival-and-complication-rates-of-inlay-retained-fixed-dental-prostheses
#8
REVIEW
Junyu Chen, He Cai, Lai Suo, Yiyuan Xue, Jian Wang, Qianbing Wan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the survival and complication rates of inlay-retainer fixed dental prostheses (IRFDPs). DATA/SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases in English and time filters (articles published from 1960) were used. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trails (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs) and prospective cohort studies on IRFDPs with a mean follow-up period of at least 2 years were included...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212629/cardiometabolic-risk-in-a-population-of-older-adults-with-multiple-co-morbidities-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities-study
#9
Thomas A Gaziano, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Alisha Wade, Nigel J Crowther, Sartaj Alam, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Ryan Wagner, Julia Rohr, Livia Montana, Kathleen Kahn, Till W Bärnighausen, Lisa F Berkman, Stephen Tollman
BACKGROUND: A consequence of the widespread uptake of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) is that the older South African population will experience an increase in life expectancy, increasing their risk for cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), and its risk factors. The long-term interactions between HIV infection, treatment, and CMD remain to be elucidated in the African population. The HAALSI cohort was established to investigate the impact of these interactions on CMD morbidity and mortality among middle-aged and older adults...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212610/factors-associated-with-stigma-attitude-towards-people-living-with-hiv-among-general-individuals-in-heilongjiang-northeast-china
#10
Xin Li, Lili Yuan, Xiaoxia Li, Jingli Shi, Liying Jiang, Chundi Zhang, Xiujing Yang, Yeli Zhang, Donghui Zhao, Yashuang Zhao
BACKGROUND: HIV-related stigma always is major obstacles to an effective HIV response worldwide. The effect of HIV-related stigma on HIV prevention and treatment is particularly serious in China. This study was to examine stigma attitude towards people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) among general individuals in Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China and the factors associated with stigma attitude, including socio-demographic factors and HIV/AIDS Knowledge. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in Heilongjiang Province, China...
February 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212570/altered-amygdala-and-hippocampus-effective-connectivity-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients-with-depression-a-resting-state-functional-mr-imaging-study-with-granger-causality-analysis
#11
Li Juan Zheng, Gui Fen Yang, Xin Yuan Zhang, Yun Fei Wang, Ya Liu, Gang Zheng, Guang Ming Lu, Long Jiang Zhang, Ying Han
Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that the major depression disorder would increase the risk of dementia in the older with amnestic cognitive impairment. We used granger causality analysis algorithm to explore the amygdala- and hippocampus-based directional connectivity patterns in 12 patients with major depression disorder and amnestic cognitive impairment (mean age: 69.5 ± 10.3 years), 13 amnestic cognitive impairment patients (mean age: 72.7 ± 8.5 years) and 14 healthy controls (mean age: 64.7 ± 7...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212202/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adolescent-health-promotion-scale-in-chile-differences-by-socioeconomic-status-and-gender
#12
Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Jorge Gaete, Esterbina Olivares, Carla E Förster, Eugenio Chandia, Mei-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: The promotion of healthy behaviors is a relevant issue worldwide, especially among adolescent populations, as this is the developmental stage where most unhealthy behaviors become ingrained. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale (AHPS) in a Chilean sample of early adolescents. METHODS: The sample was composed of 1,156 adolescents aged 10-14 years from schools in San Felipe, Chile...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212124/extracranial-meningioma-presenting-as-an-eyebrow-mass
#13
Do Hun Lee, Ho Seup Sim, Jae Ha Hwang, Kwang Seog Kim, Sam Yong Lee
Meningiomas originate in the central nervous system and are the most common intracranial benign tumor. However, although rarely, they can develop extracranially. Primary extracranial meningiomas are frequently misdiagnosed, resulting in inappropriate clinical management. The most common sites of extracranial meningiomas include the skull, scalp, orbit, nose, paranasal sinuses, middle ear, neck, and skin. A 77-year-old woman presented with a mass on her left eyebrow. Computed tomography revealed an enhancing soft tissue mass in the left frontal area...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212123/repeatability-study-of-angular-and-linear-measurements-on-facial-morphology-analysis-by-means-of-stereophotogrammetry
#14
Lilian Mendes Andrade, Ana Maria Bettoni Rodrigues da Silva, Laís Valencise Magri, Marco Antônio Moreira Rodrigues da Silva
The aim of this study was to analyze the repeatability in a stereophotogrammetry digital system used for the evaluation of facial morphology. Thirty healthy Brazilian, 18 to 45 years old (26.71 ± 6.53), had 11 reference landmarks marked on their faces by the same examiner and were photographed with an interval of 1 week by the VECTRA M3. Nine angular measurements (nasolabial, mentolabial, nasofrontal, maxillofacial, nasal, maxillary, mandibular, facial convexity, full facial convexity) and 2 linear measurements (middle facial height and lower facial height) were taken...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211461/a-xandarellid-artiopodan-from-morocco-a-middle-cambrian-link-between-soft-bodied-euarthropod-communities-in-north-africa-and-south-china
#15
Javier Ortega-Hernández, Abdelfattah Azizi, Thomas W Hearing, Thomas H P Harvey, Gregory D Edgecombe, Ahmid Hafid, Khadija El Hariri
Xandarellida is a well-defined clade of Lower Palaeozoic non-biomineralized artiopodans that is exclusively known from the early Cambrian (Stage 3) Chengjiang biota of South China. Here we describe a new member of this group, Xandarella mauretanica sp. nov., from the middle Cambrian (Stage 5) Tatelt Formation of Morocco, making this the first non-trilobite Cambrian euarthropod known from North Africa. X. mauretanica sp. nov. represents the youngest occurrence of Xandarellida - extending its stratigraphic range by approximately 10 million years - and expands the palaeobiogeographic distribution of the group to the high southern palaeolatitudes of West Gondwana...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211034/infectious-complications-as-the-leading-cause-of-death-after-kidney-transplantation-analysis-of-more-than-10-000-transplants-from-a-single-center
#16
Flávio de Castro Rodrigues Ferreira, Marina Pontello Cristelli, Mayara Ivani Paula, Henrique Proença, Claudia Rosso Felipe, Helio Tedesco-Silva, José Osmar Medina-Pestana
AIM: To identify specific causes of graft failure in a large sample of kidney transplant patients from a middle-income, developing country. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study analyzing all consecutive single kidney transplants (KTs) performed at a single center in Brazil between January 1st 1998 and December 31st 2013. The database closing date was December 31st 2014. RESULTS: Out of 10,400 KTs, there were 1191 (11.45%) deaths with a functioning graft, 40 cases (0...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210788/surgical-management-of-degenerative-meniscus-lesions-the-2016-esska-meniscus-consensus
#17
Ph Beaufils, R Becker, S Kopf, M Englund, R Verdonk, M Ollivier, R Seil
PURPOSE: A degenerative meniscus lesion is a slowly developing process typically involving a horizontal cleavage in a middle-aged or older person. When the knee is symptomatic, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has been practised for a long time with many case series reporting improved patient outcomes. Since 2002, several randomised clinical trials demonstrated no additional benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared to non-operative treatment, sham surgery or sham arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
February 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210643/perception-of-health-problems-among-competitive-runners-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-appraisals-and-behavioral-responses
#18
Sara Jelvegård, Toomas Timpka, Victor Bargoria, Håkan Gauffin, Jenny Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2 of every 3 competitive runners sustain at least 1 health problem each season. Most of these problems are nontraumatic injuries with gradual onset. The main known risk indicator for sustaining a new running-related injury episode is a history of a previous injury, suggesting that behavioral habits are part of the causal mechanisms. PURPOSE: Identification of elements associated with purposeful interpretations of body perceptions and balanced behavioral responses may supply vital information for prevention of health problems in runners...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210483/intra-peritoneal-leiomyoma-of-the-round-ligament-in-a-patient-with-mayer-rokitansky-k%C3%A3-ster-hauser-mrkh-syndrome
#19
G Salem Wehbe, R Bitar, T Zreik, M Samaha, C Walter, Z Sleiman
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of an extra-uterine leiomyoma, arising from the intra-peritoneal portion of the round ligament in a lady with Müllerian agenesis diagnosed at the age of forty is extremely rare. We report a case of this rare combination in a Middle Eastern woman. CASE: A 40 years old lady, primarily amenorrheic, presented to our clinic for an infertility consultation. The work- up showed features suggestive of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome with a leiomyoma arising from the intra-peritoneal part of the round ligament...
December 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210410/a-case-of-glenoid-fossa-fracture-progressive-ankylosis-total-joint-reconstruction-with-alloplastic-prosthesis-to-normalized-function-including-evaluation-with-f18-pet-ct-a-four-year-follow-up
#20
Björn Lindell, Andreas Thor
Temporomandibular joint replacement (TJR) with alloplastic prosthesis has shown promising long-term results in end stage joint disorders. We present a case of young woman with painful ankylosis that where reconstructed with TJR, due to a complex mandibular fracture with dislocation of the left condyle into the middle cranial fossa two years earlier. At the age of 18 the subject underwent a total joint replacement with custom-made alloplastic TMJ prosthesis. To determine the bone response and remodeling activity around the prosthesis, a F18 PET/CT-scan was used...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
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