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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921348/the-early-memories-of-warmth-and-safeness-scale-for-adolescents-cross-sample-validation-of-the-complete-and-brief-versions
#1
Paula Vagos, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Paul Gilbert
: This work presents psychometric analyses on the Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale, which intends to evaluate the subjective perception of ones' early rearing experiences. Factor structure, measurement invariance, latent mean comparisons and validity in relation to external variables (i.e., forms of self-criticism/self-assurance, experiential avoidance and depressive, anxious and stress symptoms) were investigated. A sample of 1464 adolescents (52.3% male adolescents, mean age = 16...
December 6, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920374/urban-driven-phenotypic-changes-empirical-observations-and-theoretical-implications-for-eco-evolutionary-feedback
#2
REVIEW
Marina Alberti, John Marzluff, Victoria M Hunt
Emerging evidence that cities drive micro-evolution raises the question of whether rapid urbanization of Earth might impact ecosystems by causing systemic changes in functional traits that regulate urban ecosystems' productivity and stability. Intraspecific trait variation-variation in organisms' morphological, physiological or behavioural characteristics stemming from genetic variability and phenotypic plasticity-has significant implications for ecological functions such as nutrient cycling and primary productivity...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920223/correlation-between-pubic-hair-grooming-and-stis-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample
#3
E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Matthew D Truesdale, Isabel Allen, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Benjamin N Breyer
OBJECTIVE: STIs are the most common infections among adults. Concurrently, pubic hair grooming is prevalent. Small-scale studies have demonstrated a relationship between pubic hair grooming and STIs. We aim to examine this relationship in a large sample of men and women. DESIGN: We conducted a probability survey of US residents aged 18-65 years. The survey ascertained self-reported pubic hair grooming practices, sexual behaviours and STI history. We defined extreme grooming as removal of all pubic hair more than 11 times per year and high-frequency grooming as daily/weekly trimming...
December 5, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916709/insights-to-the-schizophrenia-continuum-a-systematic-review-of-saccadic-eye-movements-in-schizotypy-and-biological-relatives-of-schizophrenia-patients
#4
REVIEW
Jessica B Myles, Susan L Rossell, Andrea Phillipou, Elizabeth Thomas, Caroline Gurvich
Myles, J.B., S. Rossell, A. Phillipou, Thomas, E and C. Gurvich. A systematic review of saccadic eye movements across the schizophrenia continuum: Characterisation, pathophysiology and genetic associations. NEUROSCI BIOBEHAV REV 21(1) XXX-XXX, 2015. One of the cognitive hallmarks of schizophrenia is impaired eye movements, particularly for the antisaccade task. Less saccade research has been conducted in relation to the broader schizophrenia continuum, that is, people with high schizotypy or first-degree relatives of people with schizophrenia...
December 1, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914239/sixth-graders-in-israel-recount-their-experience-of-verbal-abuse-by-teachers-in-the-classroom
#5
Brenda Geiger
AIM: This study adopts a children's rights perspective stated in Articles 3, 12, 19, 28 of the Convention on the Rights of Children (1989) with the goal of listening to Israeli children articulate their experience of verbal abuse by teachers in 6th grade classrooms METHODS: A purposeful sample of sixty students was individually interviewed and content analysis was performed following Strauss' (1987) constant comparative method. RESULTS: Students reported teachers' yelling, name-calling and put-downs when failing to pay attention, complete their work, or obtain good grades...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914190/culturally-competent-patient-provider-communication-in-the-management-of-cancer-an-integrative-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Ottilia Brown, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi, Dalena Rm van Rooyen, Colleen Aldous, Leonard Charles Marais
BACKGROUND: Managing cancer in a multicultural environment poses several challenges, which include the communication between the patient and the healthcare provider. Culture is an important consideration in clinical care as it contributes to shaping patients' health-related values, beliefs, and behaviours. This integrative literature review gathered evidence on how culturally competent patient-provider communication should be delivered to patients diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN: Whittemore and Knafl's approach to conducting an integrative literature review was used...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913017/marine-anthropogenic-litter-on-british-beaches-a-10-year-nationwide-assessment-using-citizen-science-data
#7
S E Nelms, C Coombes, L C Foster, T S Galloway, B J Godley, P K Lindeque, M J Witt
Growing evidence suggests that anthropogenic litter, particularly plastic, represents a highly pervasive and persistent threat to global marine ecosystems. Multinational research is progressing to characterise its sources, distribution and abundance so that interventions aimed at reducing future inputs and clearing extant litter can be developed. Citizen science projects, whereby members of the public gather information, offer a low-cost method of collecting large volumes of data with considerable temporal and spatial coverage...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908977/physostomous-channel-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-modify-swimming-mode-and-buoyancy-based-on-flow-conditions
#8
Makoto A Yoshida, Daisuke Yamamoto, Katsufumi Sato
The employment of gliding in aquatic animals as a means of conserving energy has been theoretically predicted and discussed for decades. Several studies have shown that some species glide, whereas others do not. Freshwater fish species that widely inhabit both lentic and lotic environments are thought to be able to adapt to fluctuating flow conditions in terms of locomotion. In adapting to the different functional demands of lentic and lotic environments on fish energetics, physostomous (open swim bladder) fish may optimise their locomotion and activity by controlling their net buoyancy; few buoyancy studies have however been conducted on physostomous fish in the wild...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907161/barriers-and-facilitators-to-safe-food-handling-among-consumers-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-studies
#9
Ian Young, Lisa Waddell
Foodborne illness has a substantial health and economic burden on society, and most cases are believed to be due to unsafe food handling practices at home. Several qualitative research studies have been conducted to investigate consumers' perspectives, opinions, and experiences with safe food handling at home, and these studies provide insights into the underlying barriers and facilitators affecting their safe food handling behaviours. We conducted a systematic review of previously published qualitative studies in this area to synthesize the main across-study themes and to develop recommendations for future consumer interventions and research...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906134/tumour-suppressor-micrornas-regulate-ovarian-cancer-cell-physical-properties-and-invasive-behaviour
#10
Clara K Chan, Yinghong Pan, Kendra Nyberg, Marco A Marra, Emilia L Lim, Steven J M Jones, Dianna Maar, Ewan A Gibb, Preethi H Gunaratne, A Gordon Robertson, Amy C Rowat
The activities of pathways that regulate malignant transformation can be influenced by microRNAs (miRs). Recently, we showed that increased expression of five tumour-suppressor miRs, miR-508-3p, miR-508-5p, miR-509-3p, miR-509-5p and miR-130b-3p, correlate with improved clinical outcomes in human ovarian cancer patients, and that miR-509-3p attenuates invasion of ovarian cancer cell lines. Here, we investigate the mechanism underlying this reduced invasive potential by assessing the impact of these five miRs on the physical properties of cells...
November 2016: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905986/predictors-of-perceived-male-partner-concurrency-among-women-at-risk-for-hiv-and-sti-acquisition-in-durban-south-africa
#11
Zakir Gaffoor, Handan Wand, Renée A Street, Nathlee Abbai, Gita Ramjee
BACKGROUND: Women in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be at greater risk for HIV acquisition than men. Concurrency, viz. multiple sexual partnerships that overlap over time, has been studied as a possible risk factor for HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of perceived male partner concurrency among sexually active, HIV negative women. METHODS: Socio-demographic and behavioural data from women enrolled in a biomedical HIV prevention clinical trial were assessed in relation to perceived male partner concurrency using the Chi squared test...
March 8, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905879/transcriptome-profiling-in-the-damselfly-ischnura-elegans-identifies-genes-with-sex-biased-expression
#12
Pallavi Chauhan, Maren Wellenreuther, Bengt Hansson
BACKGROUND: Sexual dimorphism occurs widely across the animal kingdom and has profound effects on evolutionary trajectories. Here, we investigate sex-specific gene expression in Ischnura elegans (Odonata: dragonflies and damselflies), a species with pronounced sexual differences including a female-limited colour polymorphism with two female-like gynochrome morphs and one male-mimicking, androchrome morph. Whole-organism transcriptome profiling and sex-biased gene expression analysis was conducted on adults of both sexes (pooling all females as well as separating the three morphs) to gain insights into genes and pathways potentially associated with sexual development and sexual conflict...
December 1, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903873/timing-of-head-movements-is-consistent-with-energy-minimization-in-walking-ungulates
#13
David M Loscher, Fiete Meyer, Kerstin Kracht, John A Nyakatura
Many ungulates show a conspicuous nodding motion of the head when walking. Until now, the functional significance of this behaviour remained unclear. Combining in vivo kinematics of quadrupedal mammals with a computer model, we show that the timing of vertical displacements of the head and neck is consistent with minimizing energy expenditure for carrying these body parts in an inverted pendulum walking gait. Varying the timing of head movements in the model resulted in increased metabolic cost estimate for carrying the head and neck of up to 63%...
November 30, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899410/-repeat-abortion-a-phrase-to-be-avoided-qualitative-insights-into-labelling-and-stigma
#14
Lesley Hoggart, Victoria Louise Newton, Louise Bury
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been growing international interest in identifying risk factors associated with 'repeat abortion', and developing public health initiatives that might reduce the rate. This article draws on a research study looking at young women's abortion experience in England and Wales. The study was commissioned with a specific focus on women who had undergone more than one abortion. We examine what may influence women's post-abortion reproductive behaviour, in addition to exploring abortion-related stigma, in the light of participants' own narratives...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899098/health-risk-behaviours-amongst-school-adolescents-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Youness El Achhab, Abdelghaffar El Ammari, Hicham El Kazdouh, Adil Najdi, Mohamed Berraho, Nabil Tachfouti, Driss Lamri, Samira El Fakir, Chakib Nejjari
BACKGROUND: Determining risky behaviours of adolescents provides valuable information for designing appropriate intervention programmes for advancing adolescent's health. However, these behaviours are not fully addressed by researchers in a comprehensive approach. We report the protocol of a mixed methods study designed to investigate the health risk behaviours of Moroccan adolescents with the goal of identifying suitable strategies to address their health concerns. METHODS: We used a sequential two-phase explanatory mixed method study design...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894287/towards-a-preventive-strategy-for-complaints-of-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-cans-the-role-of-help-seeking-behaviour
#16
Vivian E J Bruls, Nicole W H Jansen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, IJmert Kant
BACKGROUND: When developing an effective early preventive strategy for employees and students with CANS (Complaints of Arm, Neck or Shoulder, not caused by acute trauma or systemic disease), insight in help seeking behaviour and knowledge of factors associated with help seeking behaviour within the target population, is a prerequisite. The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived hindrance is associated with help seeking behaviour, specifically in employees and students identified with CANS...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891726/everyday-conversation-in-dementia-a-review-of-the-literature-to-inform-research-and-practice
#17
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kindell, John Keady, Karen Sage, Ray Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in dementia care in recent years, including how practitioners, service providers and society in general can help individuals to live well with the condition. An important aspect to this is provision of advice to ensure conversation partners effectively support the person with dementia in conversation. AIMS: To provide a descriptive review of the literature examining everyday conversation in dementia in order to inform practice and research...
November 27, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890590/can-cleanerfish-overcome-temptation-a-selective-role-for-dopamine-influence-on-cooperative-based-decision-making
#18
Marta C Soares, Sónia C Cardoso, João T Malato, João P M Messias
Evidence suggests that animals are selected to make accurate choices and prioritize goals within the constraints of a given social environment to maximize fitness. These decisions are mostly based on complex processes in which value is linked to reward and cues may carry variable incentive salience. However, the level in which the incentive elicited by a cue is able to shift individual choices should differ between individuals and neurophysiological states. Here we used a notorious cooperative cleanerfish species Labroides dimidiatus to probe for differences in the incentive motivational valences given to food cues and then tested for the role of the dopaminergic system in the appraisal of such cues...
November 24, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890405/platelets-inhibit-migration-of-canine-osteosarcoma-cells
#19
S C Bulla, P R Badial, R C Silva, K Lunsford, C Bulla
The interaction between platelets and tumour cells is important for tumour growth and metastasis. Thrombocytopenia or antiplatelet treatment negatively impact on cancer metastasis, demonstrating potentially important roles for platelets in tumour progression. To our knowledge, there is no information regarding the role of platelets in cancer progression in dogs. This study was designed to test whether canine platelets affected the migratory behaviour of three canine osteosarcoma cell lines and to give insights of molecular mechanisms...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890046/investigation-of-training-and-support-needs-in-rural-and-remote-disability-and-mainstream-service-providers-implications-for-an-online-training-model
#20
Genevieve Johnsson, Rachel Kerslake, Sarah Crook, Corinne Cribb
Objectives It is known that there are difficulties in recruiting and retaining practitioners in rural and remote communities and that access to support and professional development can be key in breaking this cycle. Technology provides a possible solution not only for increasing access to these opportunities, but also in building community capacity to support children with autism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the current learning and support needs within rural and remote professionals prior to setting up a model of support...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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