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Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Svitlana Koshova, Viktoriia Horachuk, Valerii Pishchykov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Тhe problem of motivating adult learning in postgraduate education has so far been the subject of study primarily in methodological and pedagogical studies. They focus on the analysis of the content side of the motivation of adult learning activities. As for the problem of the dynamics of motivation for adult learning activities, including for doctors in the system of postgraduate medical education with continuous professional development, it has not been sufficiently studied so far...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Åsta Birkeland, Siv Ødemotland
As the Norwegian society, and thereby the kindergartens, have become more multicultural, the need for cultivating teachers capable of operating in an ever diversified and global world is highlighted as an important educational strategy within teacher education. The purpose of the specific intercultural program in kindergarten teacher education discussed in this article refers to competences needed as a professional teacher in a multicultural kindergarten. Teachers often have various assumptions and beliefs taken for granted...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
J L Díaz Agea, M R Martín Robles, D Jiménez Rodríguez, I Morales Moreno, I Viedma Viedma, C Leal Costa
The acquisition of ethical competence is necessary in nursing. The aims of the study were to analyse students' perceptions of the process of learning ethics through simulations and to describe the underlying frames that inform the decision making process of nursing students. A qualitative study based on the analysis of simulated experiences and debriefings of six simulated scenarios with ethical content in three different groups of fourth-year nursing students (n = 30), was performed. The simulated situations were designed to contain ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Andrew Mawdsley, Sarah Willis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lack of consensus regarding the benefits of an integrated curriculum, and ambiguity concerning what is being integrated within a pharmacy curriculum exists, but how an integrated curriculum is viewed, epistemologically, and subsequently incorporated into teaching practice has not been investigated. This study explores how educators conceptualize, experience and enact curricula integration both pedagogically and organizationally. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: In-depth qualitative interviews with faculty members purposively sampled for maximum variation in disciplinary background and teaching experience were undertaken at a single site...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Jennifer A Furze, Bruce H Greenfield, J B Barr, Kathleen Geist, Judith Gale, Gail M Jensen
BACKGROUND: Post-professional residency educational programs aim to advance the knowledge and skills of therapists in a clinical specialty area, however, little is known about the process, outcomes, or effectiveness of residency education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use narrative as a teaching and learning tool to gain insight into the progressive development of the residents' learning process. DESIGN: Qualitative methods including a retrospective analysis of residents' narratives were used to explore the professional development and thought process of residents...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Bruno Guimarães, João Firmino-Machado, Stanislav Tsisar, Benedita Viana, Marco Pinto-Sousa, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Amélia Ferreira
Currently, medical education context poses different challenges to anatomy, contributing to the introduction of new pedagogical approaches, such as computer-assisted learning (CAL). This approach provides insight into students' learning profiles and skills that enhance anatomy knowledge acquisition. To understand the influence of anatomy CAL on spatial abilities, a study was conducted. A total of 671 medical students attending Musculoskeletal (MA) and Cardiovascular Anatomy (CA) courses, were allocated to one of three groups (MA Group, CA Group, MA + CA Group)...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Moisés Esteban-Guitart
One of Lev Vygotsky's most widely known concepts in educational psychology is the zone of proximal development (ZPD), which he began to articulate in the last 2 years of his life and work (1933-1934). This article explores an earlier period in Vygotsky's career-well before he developed the concept of the ZPD-when he was actively involved in pedagogy and educational psychology. With reference to the research and teaching that Vygotsky carried out in Gomel and gathered together for publication some years later, this article highlights his initial conception of educational psychology, and then critically reviews four of his ideas from this first period, namely, (a) the pedagogical importance of the learner's individual experience ("ultimately, the child teaches himself"), (b) the pedagogical applications of interest ("from one interest of the child's to a new interest"), (c) the psychological value of play ("games are the child's first school of thought"), and (d) the link between life and education ("ultimately, only life educates")...
May 14, 2018: History of Psychology
Carolien Konijnenberg, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: To assess the effects of a large school-based physical activity intervention on children's ability to resist distractions and maintain focus, known as executive control. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with seven intervention and two control primary schools. The Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP) intervention consisted of 45 min of physical activity a day during school time for 6-8 months in addition to the regular weekly physical education lessons...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Natalia Lezhnieva, Per Morten Fredriksen, Mona Bekkhus
AIMS: Social interactions play an important role in our everyday life. Studies on children's quality of life (QoL) show that peer relations are associated with both positive and negative outcomes. Popularity defines the degree to which a child is liked by his or her peers, whereas reciprocal friendship occurs when two children mutually nominate each other as friends. The overall aim was to examine associations between peer relations and children's QoL. METHODS: Baseline data were from the Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP)...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kristen Ringdal, Gerd Inger Ringdal, Helene Kristin Olsen, Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between parents' level of education, measurements of physical attributes, and quality of life in a general sample of primary school children. METHODS: The children's and the parents' versions of the Inventory of Life Quality in Children and Adolescents (ILC) were used to measure health-related quality of life (QOL) in 2140 school children (response rate 93%) and 1639 parents (response rate 71%) recruited from nine primary schools in Norway...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Angelica Skår, Trine Johansen Meza, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: High prevalence of overweight and obesity increases the disease burden with higher risk for an expanding set of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, certain types of cancers and an array of musculoskeletal disorders. Over the last decades, trends in children's weight have changed worldwide. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements of height and weight and calculations of body mass index (BMI) were recorded for 2297 children, aged 6-12 years...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Wei Hai Deng, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: The objective was to investigate moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels (MVPA) of primary school children at baseline of the Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP), Norway. METHODS: Data on 2123 children aged 6-12 years were included for analysis (75% participation rate). Average minutes per day in MVPA was objectively measured using accelerometry based on seven-day averages. The sample was analysed for age-, sex-, socioeconomic-, and season-related patterns...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Per Morten Fredriksen, Asgeir Mamen, Ole Petter Hjelle, Morten Lindberg
AIMS: The aim of the study was to describe the natural course of handgrip strength development in primary school children and to establish a reference material to be used in future screening studies. In addition, the study aims to investigate a possible association between handgrip strength and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Anthropometric measures along with results for handgrip strength, endurance tests, blood pressure and cholesterol were measured on 2272 children of both sexes...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: As children's fitness continues to decline, frequent and systematic monitoring of fitness is important. Easy-to-use and low-cost methods with acceptable accuracy are essential in screening situations. This study aimed to investigate how the measurements of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) relate to selected measurements of fitness in children. METHODS: A total of 1731 children from grades 1 to 6 were selected who had a complete set of height, body mass, running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass measurements...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Per Morten Fredriksen, Angelica Skår, Asgeir Mamen
AIMS: With overweight and obesity increasing worldwide, it has become ever more important to monitor the development and distribution of adiposity in children. This study investigated how the measurements of waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in children 6-12 years old relate to earlier studies. METHODS: In 2015, 2271 children (boys, n = 1150) were measured for height, weight, and WC. Parental education level was used as a measure of socioeconomic status...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Per Morten Fredriksen, Asgeir Mamen, Heidi Gammelsrud, Morten Lindberg, Ole Petter Hjelle
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting running performance in children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study exploring the relationships between height, weight, waist circumference, muscle mass, body fat percentage, relevant biomarkers, and the Andersen intermittent running test in 2272 children aged 6 to 12 years. Parental education level was used as a non-physiological explanatory variable. RESULTS: Mean values (SD) and percentiles are presented as reference values...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Martin Frank Strand, Per Morten Fredriksen, Ole Petter Hjelle, Morten Lindberg
AIMS: Elevated serum lipid concentrations in childhood are thought to be risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease later in life. The present study aims to provide age- and gender-related reference intervals for total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and non-HDL cholesterol in healthy school children. We also investigated the prevalence of dyslipidaemia using the published criteria for these biomarkers. METHODS: Venous blood and anthropometric data were collected from 1340 children in the HOPP study, aged between 6 and 12 years...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Wei Hai Deng, Morten Lindberg, Ole Petter Hjelle, Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the clustering of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome in a large, healthy representative Norwegian child population. METHODS: From a population of 2817, parents of 2297 children agreed to participate. Values of waist circumference (WC), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), systolic blood pressure (sysBP), haemoglobin-A1c (HbA1c) and Andersen aerobic fitness test were used to test clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors in this sample...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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