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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425891/teaching-psychology-in-medicine-the-context-methodologies-and-doctor-s-professional-identity
#1
REVIEW
Silvia Ouakinin
INTRODUCTION: Teaching Psychology in medical curriculum has been the subject of numerous dissertations that focus on the relevance of this knowledge for doctors, at a general level. METHODS: A non-systematic review of the relevant literature, particularly from the last decade, as well as national and international recommendations addressing the need for integration of behavioural and social sciences in medical training, was performed. RESULTS: The literature supports the existence of preconceptions and negative attitudes towards the role of psychology in medical education, demonstrated by research in various european and american universities...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424643/oral-storytelling-as-evidence-of-pedagogy-in-forager-societies
#2
Michelle Scalise Sugiyama
Teaching is reportedly rare in hunter-gatherer societies, raising the question of whether it is a species-typical trait in humans. A problem with past studies is that they tend to conceptualize teaching in terms of Western pedagogical practices. In contrast, this study proceeds from the premise that teaching requires the ostensive manifestation of generalizable knowledge: the teacher must signal intent to share information, indicate the intended recipient, and transmit knowledge that is applicable beyond the present context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423788/medical-and-healthcare-curriculum-exploratory-analysis
#3
Martin Komenda, Matěj Karolyi, Andrea Pokorná, Christos Vaitsis
In the recent years, medical and healthcare higher education institutions compile their curricula in different ways in order to cover all necessary topics and sections that the students will need to go through to success in their future clinical practice. A medical and healthcare curriculum consists of many descriptive parameters, which define statements of what, when, and how students will learn in the course of their studies. For the purpose of understanding a complicated medical and healthcare curriculum structure, we have developed a web-oriented platform for curriculum management covering in detail formal metadata specifications in accordance with the approved pedagogical background, namely outcome-based approach...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419602/physics-for-clinicians-fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-flair-and-double-inversion-recovery-dir-imaging
#4
REVIEW
Manojkumar Saranathan, Pauline W Worters, Dan W Rettmann, Blair Winegar, Jennifer Becker
A pedagogical review of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and double inversion recovery (DIR) imaging is conducted in this article. The basics of the two pulse sequences are first described, including the details of the inversion preparation and imaging sequences with accompanying mathematical formulae for choosing the inversion time in a variety of scenarios for use on clinical MRI scanners. Magnetization preparation (or T2prep), a strategy for improving image signal-to-noise ratio and contrast and reducing T1 weighting at high field strengths, is also described...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414847/-collective-health-in-brazil-analyzing-the-institutionalization-process
#5
Everardo Duarte Nunes
This work first analyzes the construction of a typology of the studies on collective health and its institutionalization process in Brazil, in which three stages are proposed: the preventive project, social medicine and collective health. Secondly, the work examines the phases of institutionalization, disciplinarization and professionalization of collective health in Brazil. Within the institutionalization phase, the study analyzes connectivity and communication, regularization of discourses and practices, the construction of a separate identity and political actions, and the incorporation and legitimation of these elements...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406107/evaluating-the-use-of-twitter-as-a-tool-to-increase-engagement-in-medical-education
#6
Basia Diug, Evie Kendal, Dragan Ilic
BACKGROUND: Social media is regularly used by undergraduate students. Twitter has a constant feed to the most current research, news and opinions of experts as well as organisations. Limited evidence exists that examines how to use social media platforms, such as Twitter, effectively in medical education. Furthermore, there is limited evidence to inform educators regarding social media's potential to increase student interaction and engagement. AIM: To evaluate whether social media, in particular Twitter, can be successfully used as a pedagogical tool in an assessment to increase student engagement with staff, peers and course content...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403316/educational-video-as-a-healthcare-education-resource-for-people-with-colostomy-and-their-families
#7
Angélica Dalmolin, Nara Marilene Oliveira Girardon-Perlini, Larissa de Carli Coppetti, Gabriela Camponogara Rossato, Joseila Sonego Gomes, Maria Elizete Nunes da Silva
Objective: To know the perceptions of participants in a support group for people with colostomy on the use of video as a resource for health education. Method: Qualitative research with 16 participants in a support group for people with colostomy in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in April and May of 2016, through a focus group, and subjected to the thematic analysis proposed by Minayo. Results: The results led to three categories: care and self-care are learned alone: the lived reality; health education and learning through educational video: perceived opportunities; the singularities of the educational video from the viewpoint of people with colostomy and their families...
April 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403303/the-game-as-strategy-for-approach-to-sexuality-with-adolescents-theoretical-methodological-re%C3%AF-ections
#8
Vânia de Souza, Maria Flávia Gazzinelli, Amanda Nathale Soares, Marconi Moura Fernandes, Rebeca Nunes Guedes de Oliveira, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Papo Reto [Straight Talk] game and reflect on its theoretical-methodological basis. METHOD: Analytical study on the process of elaboration of the Papo Reto online game, destined to adolescents aged 15-18 years, with access to the Game between 2014 and 2015. RESULTS: the interactions of 60 adolescents from Belo Horizonte and São Paulo constituted examples of the potentialities of the Game to favor the approach to sexuality with adolescents through simulation of reality, invention and interaction...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401510/a-systematic-literature-review-of-us-engineering-ethics-interventions
#9
Justin L Hess, Grant Fore
Promoting the ethical formation of engineering students through the cultivation of their discipline-specific knowledge, sensitivity, imagination, and reasoning skills has become a goal for many engineering education programs throughout the United States. However, there is neither a consensus throughout the engineering education community regarding which strategies are most effective towards which ends, nor which ends are most important. This study provides an overview of engineering ethics interventions within the U...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399912/the-challenges-of-military-medical-education-and-training-for-physicians-and-nurses-in-the-nordic-countries-an-interview-study
#10
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
BACKGROUND: Development and use of e-learning has not taken place to the same extent in military medicine in the Nordic countries. The aim was to explore the similarities and differences in education and training in military medicine for health professionals in the Nordic countries, and more specifically to identify the specific challenges regarding education and training of military medicine, and how e-learning is used at present and the opportunities for the future. METHODS: Key educators within military medicine in the Nordic countries, as approved by the respective Surgeons General, were interviewed and the interviews were analyzed using content analysis...
April 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399095/-modern-principles-of-integrated-diagnostics-and-rehabilitation-of-perinatal-lesions-of-the-nervous-system-and-their-consequences
#11
S A Nemkova
The article is devoted to the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of perinatal lesions of the nervous system and their consequences in children. Reflects modern approaches to data classification conditions, taking into account ideas on the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, the clinical manifestations of the main syndromes (excitation and depression, hypertensive, convulsive, movement disorders) as the neonatal period, and in the formation of long-term effects (motor and mental delay and speech development, hyperkinetic syndrome, cerebral palsy and others)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395055/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-blended-learning-course-on-tuberculosis-for-front-line-health-care-professionals
#12
Tsegahun Manyazewal, Francesco Marinucci, Getachew Belay, Abraham Tesfaye, Amha Kebede, Yewondwossen Tadesse, Susan Lehman, Zelalem Temesgen
Objectives: To implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a 10-module blended learning course on tuberculosis diagnosis for Ethiopian health care professionals. Methods: This implementation science research was conducted within the routine in-service training for health care professionals in Ethiopia. A combined web-based and face-to-face acid-fast bacilli microscopy course was designed and its applicability studied after 6 weeks of enrollment of 108 medical laboratory professionals...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393644/-supporting-early-childhood-teacher-s-competences-in-the-encounter-with-refugee-children-and-their-families
#13
Klaus Fröhlich-Gildhoff, Carolin von Kleist, Jutta Kerscher-Becker, Sabrina Döther
Supporting Early Childhood Teacher's Competences in the Encounter with Refugee Children and their Families Children and families with experiences as refugees bring out a challenge for the professionals in early childhood institutions (kindergarten). A curriculum to strengthen the competencies of early childhood teacher teams in the encounter with children and families with flight experiences was developed, implemented and evaluated. The article shows the objectives of this curriculum and the first evaluation results...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384167/facing-the-challenges-in-ophthalmology-clerkship-teaching-is-flipped-classroom-the-answer
#14
Ying Lin, Yi Zhu, Chuan Chen, Wei Wang, Tingting Chen, Tao Li, Yonghao Li, Bingqian Liu, Yu Lian, Lin Lu, Yuxian Zou, Yizhi Liu
Recent reform of medical education highlights the growing concerns about the capability of the current educational model to equip medical school students with essential skills for future career development. In the field of ophthalmology, although many attempts have been made to address the problem of the decreasing teaching time and the increasing load of course content, a growing body of literature indicates the need to reform the current ophthalmology teaching strategies. Flipped classroom is a new pedagogical model in which students develop a basic understanding of the course materials before class, and use in-class time for learner-centered activities, such as group discussion and presentation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381891/using-collaborative-drug-therapy-agreements-to-train-student-pharmacists-to-provide-clinical-patient-care-services
#15
Kimberly C McKeirnan, Julie M Akers, Jennifer C Czapinski, Jennifer D Robinson
Objective. To assess the impact of a new course designed to train student pharmacists to provide clinical patient care services delivered through collaborative drug practice agreements. Design. An intensive two-credit, one-week course with a combined self-study and interactive pedagogical approach was developed. Content from the online Washington State Pharmacy Association Clinical Community Pharmacist training program was integrated with a live, eight-hour seminar. Assessment. Student-pharmacist learning, effectiveness of content presented, and perceived value of the material were evaluated...
March 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380223/development-of-chemistry-pre-service-teachers-during-practical-pedagogical-training-self-evaluation-vs-evaluation-by-school-mentors
#16
Vesna Ferk Savec, Katarina S Wissiak Grm
The research presented in this article deals with the self-evaluation of 4th year pre-service chemistry teachers' progress during their second year practical pedagogical training in chemistry teaching at primary schools (students' age 13-15 years) in comparison to the perception of their progress by their school mentors. The sample consisted of 21 pre-service teachers and 21 school mentors, in-service chemistry teachers, at primary schools. For the purpose of following to pre-service chemistry teachers' development, the pre-service teachers as well as their mentors completed the "Questionnaire for monitoring students' progress", focusing on eight characteristics of professional development during practical pedagogical training...
2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379932/toward-an-optimal-pedagogy-for-teamwork
#17
Mark A Earnest, Jason Williams, Eva M Aagaard
Teamwork and collaboration are increasingly listed as core competencies for undergraduate health professions education. Despite the clear mandate for teamwork training, the optimal method for providing that training is much less certain. In this Perspective, the authors propose a three-level classification of pedagogical approaches to teamwork training based on the presence of two key learning factors: interdependent work and explicit training in teamwork. In this classification framework, level 1-minimal team learning-is where learners work in small groups but neither of the key learning factors is present...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379764/school-hygiene-as-a-tool-of-modernization-european-culture-and-jewish-colonies-in-galilee-1882-1939
#18
Yair Seltenreich
During the efforts to modernize the farmers of Jewish colonies in Galilee, both teachers and doctors came to view hygiene less as an agent of health and cleanliness and more as a symbol of physical and mental regeneration. Schools thus emerged as a natural arena for hygieno-pedagogic activities. Doctors' attempts to eradicate malaria or trachoma by associating the concept of hygiene with modern sanitation and outdoor activities were soon followed by pedagogical efforts to endow hygiene with moral values.
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379091/public-health-matters-innovative-approaches-for-engaging-medical-students
#19
A Vyas, V C Rodrigues, R Ayres, P R Myles, E J Hothersall, H Thomas
BACKGROUND: Public health faces the paradox of being increasingly emphasized by the key health and social care regulators and stakeholders, while remaining a largely under-represented discipline in the context of medical curricula. Enhancing medical student engagement in public health teaching is one way to address this concern. METHODS: We discuss four key solutions to the challenges faced by public health educators in medical schools, and present five case studies which demonstrate innovative approaches to engaging medical students in our discipline...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377916/empowering-the-physiotherapy-profession-in-ethiopia-through-leadership-development-within-the-doctoring-process
#20
Cheryl Burditt Footer, Hailu Seifu Tsegaye, Tesfaye Asnake Yitnagashaw, Wintana Mekonnen, Tizita Destaw Shiferaw, Endashaw Abera, Alice Davis
Ethiopia recently introduced the Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT) degree at Addis Ababa University as a mechanism to increase the work force capacity of primary care providers in the health sector. The DPT program was supported by an international academic partnership and was designed to empower physiotherapists as leaders to move the profession forward. The curriculum was framed by core pedagogical principles and strategies and was phased into two programs. First, the 4-year Advanced Standing DPT program focused on developing registered Ethiopian physiotherapists with Bachelor of Science degrees as academic faculty...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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