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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721116/what-factors-facilitate-the-engagement-with-flipped-classrooms-used-in-the-preparation-for-postgraduate-medical-membership-examinations
#1
Amrita Jesurasa, Kelly Mackenzie, Hannah Jordan, Elizabeth C Goyder
BACKGROUND: The "flipped classroom," a pedagogical model where typical lecture and homework elements are reversed, is being advocated in medical education to support the teaching of a large curriculum. However, research into the use of this model in postgraduate medical education, which requires the application of acquired knowledge, is limited. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to engagement with the flipped classroom model in preparation for the written element of postgraduate membership examinations...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716133/-to-be-able-to-support-her-i-must-feel-calm-and-safe-pregnant-women-s-partners-perceptions-of-professional-support-during-pregnancy
#2
Caroline Bäckström, Stina Thorstensson, Lena B Mårtensson, Rebecca Grimming, Yrsa Nyblin, Marie Golsäter
BACKGROUND: Professional support does not always meet the needs of expectant fathers or co-mothers. The way in which professional support is offered during pregnancy varies internationally, depending on the country. In order to attain a greater understanding of partners' experiences of professional support, it is necessary to further illuminate their perceptions of it. The aim of this study was therefore to explore pregnant women's partners' perceptions of professional support during pregnancy...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711900/-personal-oriented-approach-as-a-pedagogical-condition-for-preparing-future-doctors-to-apply-health-saving-tecynologies
#3
Євгенія О Скріннік, Анатолій В Ємець, Вікторія І Донченко
The article considers one of the weighty socially significant results of the future doctors training, namely, his readiness to use health saving technologies, the means of implementation of which should be the appropriate pedagogical conditions on the basis of a person-oriented approach. A detailed analysis of literary sources on the definition of the main provisions of the personality-oriented approach is carried out, the term of ≪readiness≫ of future specialists for professional activity is defined. The importance of the personality-oriented approach in shaping the personal qualities of future doctors is revealed...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711151/intelligent-cooperation-a-framework-of-pedagogic-practice-in-the-operating-room
#4
Gary Sutkin, Eliza B Littleton, Steven L Kanter
BACKGROUND: Surgeons who work with trainees must address their learning needs without compromising patient safety. METHODS: We used a constructivist grounded theory approach to examine videos of five teaching surgeries. Attending surgeons were interviewed afterward while watching cued videos of their cases. Codes were iteratively refined into major themes, and then constructed into a larger framework. RESULTS: We present a novel framework, Intelligent Cooperation, which accounts for the highly adaptive, iterative features of surgical teaching in the operating room...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696403/preschool-and-school-meal-policies-an-overview-of-what-we-know-about-regulation-implementation-and-impact-on-diet-in-the-uk-sweden-and-australia
#5
REVIEW
Patricia Jane Lucas, Emma Patterson, Gary Sacks, Natassja Billich, Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
School meals make significant contributions to healthy dietary behaviour, at a time when eating habits and food preferences are being formed. We provide an overview of the approaches to the provision, regulation, and improvement of preschool and primary school meals in the UK, Sweden, and Australia, three countries which vary in their degree of centralisation and regulation of school meals. Sweden has a centralised approach; all children receive free meals, and a pedagogical approach to meals is encouraged...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696338/black-holes-in-loop-quantum-gravity
#6
Alejandro Perez
This is a review of the results on black hole physics in the framework of loop quantum gravity. The key feature underlying the results is the discreteness of geometric quantities at the Planck scale predicted by this approach to quantum gravity. Quantum discreteness follows directly from the canonical quantization prescription when applied to the action of general relativity that is suitable for the coupling of gravity with gauge fields and specially with fermions. Planckian discreteness and causal considerations provide the basic structure for the understanding of the thermal properties of black holes close to equilibrium...
July 11, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692230/-virtual-reality-simulation-training-in-gynecology-review-and-perspectives
#7
Dominique Ricard-Gauthier, Silvia Popescu, Naida Benmohamed, Patrick Petignat, Jean Dubuisson
Laparoscopic simulation has rapidly become an important tool for learning and acquiring technical skills in surgery. It is based on two different complementary pedagogic tools : the box model trainer and the virtual reality simulator. The virtual reality simulator has shown its efficiency by improving surgical skills, decreasing operating time, improving economy of movements and improving self-confidence. The main objective of this tool is the opportunity to easily organize a regular, structured and uniformed training program enabling an automated individualized feedback...
October 26, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691073/group-problem-solving-in-class-improves-undergraduate-learning
#8
Brent R Stockwell, Melissa S Stockwell, Elise Jiang
Developing methods for improving student learning is a long-standing goal in undergraduate science education. However, the extent to which students working on problems in small groups versus individually results in improved learning among undergraduate science students has not been evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. We have performed such a trial with 80 students in an undergraduate biochemistry class, in which students were randomized to either learning in groups or learning individually. All students participated in the same class, which consisted of a lecture with periodic breaks for students to solve problems using an audience response system...
June 28, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690422/detection-methods-for-stochastic-gravitational-wave-backgrounds-a-unified-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Joseph D Romano, Neil J Cornish
We review detection methods that are currently in use or have been proposed to search for a stochastic background of gravitational radiation. We consider both Bayesian and frequentist searches using ground-based and space-based laser interferometers, spacecraft Doppler tracking, and pulsar timing arrays; and we allow for anisotropy, non-Gaussianity, and non-standard polarization states. Our focus is on relevant data analysis issues, and not on the particular astrophysical or early Universe sources that might give rise to such backgrounds...
2017: Living Reviews in Relativity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684038/education-in-trauma-an-educational-alternative-that-promotes-injury-prevention
#10
Jose Daniel Charry, Juan Daniel Ochoa, Jorman Harvey Tejada, Sandra Liliana Navarro-Parra, Nicolas Esquivel, Yolercy Vasques
PURPOSE: As trauma is a public health problem, different programs have been designed to prevent injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational model that measures the adolescents' attitudes towards the rules of road safety, alcohol and road accidents in Colombia. METHODS: A pedagogical model evaluating the effect of road safety education and adolescents' attitudes towards and experiences of alcohol and road accidents in Colombia was created...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681642/indonesian-teachers-epistemological-beliefs-and-inclusive-education
#11
Kieron Sheehy, Budiyanto, Helen Kaye, Khofidotur Rofiah
A growing number of children with intellectual disabilities attend inclusive schools in Indonesia. Previous research has suggested that teachers' type of school and experience influences their beliefs about inclusive education. This research collected questionnaire data from 267 Indonesian teachers and compared the responses from those working in inclusive, special and regular schools regarding their epistemological and pedagogical beliefs. The results showed that teachers in inclusive schools expressed stronger social constructivist beliefs than those in other schools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680687/a-facilitated-diffusion-model-constrained-by-the-probability-isotherm-a-pedagogical-exercise-in-intuitive-non-equilibrium-thermodynamics
#12
REVIEW
Brian Chapman
This paper seeks to develop a more thermodynamically sound pedagogy for students of biological transport than is currently available from either of the competing schools of linear non-equilibrium thermodynamics (LNET) or Michaelis-Menten kinetics (MMK). To this end, a minimal model of facilitated diffusion was constructed comprising four reversible steps: cis-substrate binding, cis→trans bound enzyme shuttling, trans-substrate dissociation and trans→cis free enzyme shuttling. All model parameters were subject to the second law constraint of the probability isotherm, which determined the unidirectional and net rates for each step and for the overall reaction through the law of mass action...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680372/a-framework-for-a-teaching-toolkit-in-entrepreneurship-education
#13
Katharina Fellnhofer
Despite mounting interest in entrepreneurship education (EE), innovative approaches such as multimedia, web-based toolkits including entrepreneurial storytelling have been largely ignored in the EE discipline. Therefore, this conceptual contribution introduces eight propositions as a fruitful basis for assessing a 'learning-through-real-multimedia-entrepreneurial-narratives' pedagogical approach. These recommendations prepare the grounds for a future, empirical investigation of this currently under-researched topic, which could be essential for multiple domains including academic, business and society...
2017: Int J Contin Eng Educ Life Long Learn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678448/-psychotherapy-training-for-psychiatrists-issues-and-challenges
#14
Jean-Nicolas Despland, Alessandra Duc Marwood, Fabrice Herrera, Giorgio Enrico Maccaferri
Since the adoption of the Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist double title in 1961, the medical training in psychotherapy must obey specific requirements. In parallel to the clinical practice, the supervisions and the personal experience, 180 hours of theoretical training are required, in each of the psychotherapeutic orientations chosen by the medical doctor (psychodynamic, family / systemic and behavioural and cognitive therapies). Even though the effectiveness of these treatments is well established and there is no significant difference between psychotherapeutic schools in this respect, the choice of an orientation for psychotherapy training requires an adequate pedagogic process, both on the theoretical side, and in the ability to choose a suitable form of psychotherapeutic treatment adapted to the psychiatrist's conversational style...
September 21, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678444/evaluating-a-technology-supported-interactive-response-system-during-the-laboratory-section-of-a-histology-course
#15
Vera D Rinaldi, Nancy A Lorr, Kimberly Williams
Monitoring of student learning through systematic formative assessment is important for adjusting pedagogical strategies. However, traditional formative assessments, such as quizzes and written assignments, may not be sufficiently timely for making adjustments to a learning process. Technology supported formative assessment tools assess student knowledge, allow for immediate feedback, facilitate classroom dialogues, and have the potential to modify student learning strategies. As an attempt to integrate technology supported formative assessment in the laboratory section of an upper-level histology course, the interactive application Learning Catalytics(TM) , a cloud-based assessment system, was used...
July 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670294/teacher-perceptions-of-their-curricular-and-pedagogical-shifts-outcomes-of-a-project-based-model-of-teacher-professional-development-in-the-next-generation-science-standards
#16
David J Shernoff, Suparna Sinha, Denise M Bressler, Dawna Schultz
In this study, we conducted a model of teacher professional development (PD) on the alignment of middle and high school curricula and instruction to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSSs), and evaluated the impact of the PD on teacher participants' development. The PD model included a 4-day summer academy emphasizing project-based learning (PBL) in the designing of NGSS-aligned curricula and instruction, as well as monthly follow-up Professional Learning Community meetings throughout the year providing numerous opportunities for teachers to develop and implement lesson plans, share results of lesson writing and implementation (successes and challenges), provide mutual feedback, and refine curricula and assessments...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664297/navigating-the-paradoxes-of-neoliberalism-quiet-subversion-in-mentored-service-learning-for-the-pre-health-humanities
#17
Erica Hua Fletcher, Nicole M Piemonte
In describing the foundations of our pedagogical approaches to service-learning, we seek to go beyond the navel-gazing-at times, paralyzing-paradoxes of neoliberal forces, which can do "good" for students and their communities, yet which also call students into further calculative frameworks for understanding the "value" of pre-health humanities education and social engagement. We discuss methods to create quiet forms of subversion that call for a moral imagination in extending an ethics of care to students as well as to the communities with which they engage...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661890/reflective-practice-and-social-responsibility-in-family-medicine-effect-of-performing-an-international-rotation-in-a-developing-country
#18
Christine Loignon, Thomas Gottin, Carol Valois, François Couturier, Robert Williams, Pierre-Michel Roy
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceived effect of an elective international health rotation on family medicine resident learning. DESIGN: Qualitative, collaborative study based on semistructured interviews. SETTING: Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 12 family medicine residents and 9 rotation supervisors (N = 21). METHODS: Semistructured interviews of residents and rotation supervisors. MAIN FINDINGS: Residents and supervisors alike reported that their technical skills and relationship skills had benefited...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658267/impact-of-a-hybrid-tgfu-sport-education-unit-on-student-motivation-in-physical-education
#19
Alexander Gil-Arias, Stephen Harvey, Adrián Cárceles, Alba Práxedes, Fernando Del Villar
The Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) and Sport Education (SE) pedagogical models share several objectives and pedagogical processes. Despite this seemingly uncanny relationship, few studies have examined the efficacy of a hybrid TGfU/SE pedagogical model, particularly how a teacher's utilization of such a model impacts on student motivation. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect a hybrid TGfU/SE unit, in comparison to direct instruction, on students' perceptions of various aspects of their motivation to engage in physical education (autonomous motivation, basic psychological needs, enjoyment and intention to be physically active)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657553/the-almost-right-word-the-move-from-medical-to-health-humanities
#20
Therese Jones, Michael Blackie, Rebecca Garden, Delese Wear
Since the emergence of the field in the 1970s, several trends have begun to challenge the original assumptions, claims, and practices of what became known as the medical humanities. In this article, the authors make the case for the health humanities as a more encompassing label because it captures recent theoretical and pedagogical developments in higher education such as the shift from rigid disciplinary boundaries to multi- and interdisciplinary inquiry, which has transformed humanities curricula in health professions...
July 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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