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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160408/cognitive-performance-of-stunted-pre-school-children-undergoing-nutritional-recovery-treatment
#1
Thaíse Morais Silva, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Gomes de Azevedo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the treatment of stunted children offered at a specialized center influences their cognitive performance. METHODS: Two groups of children from vulnerable families were selected, one consisting of stunted children being treated at the Nutrition Education and Recovery Center (CREN), and the other group of eutrophic children from a local, public day care center. At CREN, children are treated in a day-hospital system (9 hours/day, 5 days/week), receiving medical, nutritional and psycho-pedagogical support...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154627/distinct-kinematic-markers-of-demonstration-and-joint-action-coordination-evidence-from-virtual-xylophone-playing
#2
Luke McEllin, Günther Knoblich, Natalie Sebanz
When performing joint actions, people modulate instrumental actions to provide additional information for a coactor (Pezzulo, Donnarumma, & Dindo, 2013). Similarly, demonstrators adjust instrumental actions to make them more informative for novice learners (Brand, Baldwin, & Ashburn, 2002). It is unknown whether the kinematic modulations performed to facilitate prediction in joint action coordination and the modulations performed to transmit information about the structure of novel actions are unique, or whether a general type of modulation can take on multiple functions...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152714/scaffolding-as-a-key-role-for-teaching-assistants-perceptions-of-their-pedagogical-strategies
#3
David Bowles, Julie Radford, Ioanna Bakopoulou
BACKGROUND: Inclusive education policies have led to a worldwide increase in the number of teaching assistants (TAs) working in mainstream schools. TAs have a large amount of responsibility for supporting children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND), a role which by default has become instructional in practice, and for which training and preparation are rarely adequate. While there is some research into the nature of TAs' interactions with pupils and the strategies they use which are helpful for children's learning, TAs' perspectives on their own classroom practice have yet to be explored...
November 19, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147646/creation-and-pilot-testing-of-cases-for-case-based-learning-a-pedagogical-approach-for-pathology-cancer-diagnosis
#4
Shahin Sayed, Susan C Lester, Michael Wilson, Daniel Berney, Ricard Masia, Zahir Moloo, Jennifer Stall, Alexia Eslan, Stephanie Ayers, Angela Mutuku, Jeannette Guarner
Background: Case-based learning (CBL) is an established pedagogical active learning method used in various disciplines and defined based on the field of study and type of case. The utility of CBL for teaching specific aspects of cancer diagnosis to practising pathologists has not been previously studied in sub-Saharan Africa. Objectives: We aimed to pilot test standardised cancer cases on a group of practising pathologists in sub-Saharan Africa to evaluate case content, clarity of questions and delivery of content...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146663/a-vision-and-change-reform-of-introductory-biology-shifts-faculty-perceptions-and-use-of-active-learning
#5
Anna Jo Auerbach, Elisabeth Schussler
Increasing faculty use of active-learning (AL) pedagogies in college classrooms is a persistent challenge in biology education. A large research-intensive university implemented changes to its biology majors' two-course introductory sequence as outlined by the Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education final report. One goal of the curricular reform was to integrate core biological concepts and competencies into the courses using AL pedagogical approaches. The purpose of this study was to observe the instructional practices used by faculty (N = 10) throughout the 3-year process of reform to determine whether the use of AL strategies (including student collaboration) increased, given that it can maximize student learning gains...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145740/fair-or-square-experiences-of-introducing-a-new-method-for-assessing-general-work-ability-in-a-sickness-insurance-context
#6
Christian Ståhl, Ida Seing, Björn Gerdle, Jan Sandqvist
PURPOSE: To study social validity and perceived fairness of a new method for assessing general work ability in a sickness insurance context. Assessments are based on self-reports, combined with examinations by physicians, and, if needed, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and/or psychologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews with 36 insurance officials, 10 physicians, and 36 sick-listed persons, which were analysed through a qualitative content analysis...
November 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137562/beware-the-educational-fix-limitations-of-efforts-to-promote-mental-health-literacy
#7
Patrick Corrigan
Public health professionals seek to promote health literacy through education. In the mental health arena, such approaches have included teaching primary care gatekeepers to screen for early identification of suicide risk and teaching members of the general public to engage peers in need of mental health treatment and guide them into evidence-based care. Educational positivism is the belief that this pedagogic enterprise is unlimited, leading to a "more is better" approach. Despite its promise, however, educational approaches may have muted effects...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#8
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134047/middle-and-elementary-school-students-changes-in-self-determined-motivation-in-a-basketball-unit-taught-using-the-tactical-games-model
#9
Stephen Harvey, Alexander Gil-Arias, Megan Lorraine Smith, Lindsey Rachel Smith
Studies examining student motivation levels suggest that this is a significant factor in students' engagement in physical education and may be positively affected when teachers employ alternative pedagogical models such as game-centered approaches (GCAs). The aim of this study was to investigate changes in self-determined motivation of students as they participated in a GCA-basketball unit taught using the Tactical Games Model (TGM). Participants were 173 students (84 girls), 79 middle school (45 girls) and 94 (39 girls) elementary school students from four seventh and five fourth/fifth grade co-educational classes...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131345/pursuing-an-ethical-socially-just-classroom-searching-for-community-psychology-pedagogy
#10
Lauren F Lichty, Eylin Palamaro-Munsell
Discussions of community psychology (CP) ethics often examine how we might best uphold CP values in community-based practice. However, for many community psychologists in faculty positions, our main domain of practice is the undergraduate classroom. Teaching is essential to the growth and sustainability of our field as prospective students tend to discover CP during their undergraduate studies. University-based work is also a key site of CP practice. Universities are contested spaces where interlocking forms of oppression manifest in many ways, including teaching (e...
November 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130751/a-guide-for-understanding-health-education-and-promotion-programs
#11
Richard W Kim, Vinayak K Nahar
Planning, Implementing & Evaluating Health Promotion Programs: A Primer is a versatile and comprehensive resource on the theoretical and practical underpinnings of successful health promotion programs. The requirements for effective health promotion program development are presented with frequent use of practical planning examples, pedagogical devices, and expert rationale. Ideal for undergraduate and graduate students in health education, promotion, and planning courses, this 15-chapter textbook is organized in a manner that specifically addresses the responsibilities and competencies required of health education specialists as published in the Health Education Specialist Practice Analysis of 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126410/more-than-visual-literacy-art-and-the-enhancement-of-tolerance-for-ambiguity-and-empathy
#12
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Peter Gilbey
BACKGROUND: Comfort with ambiguity, mostly associated with the acceptance of multiple meanings, is a core characteristic of successful clinicians. Yet past studies indicate that medical students and junior physicians feel uncomfortable with ambiguity. Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) is a pedagogic approach involving discussions of art works and deciphering the different possible meanings entailed in them. However, the contribution of art to the possible enhancement of the tolerance for ambiguity among medical students has not yet been adequately investigated...
November 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120528/student-performance-in-a-flipped-classroom-dental-anatomy-course
#13
S Chutinan, C A Riedy, S E Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dental student learning in a dental anatomy module between traditional lecture and flipped classroom cohorts. METHODS: Two cohorts of predoctoral dental students (N = 70 within each cohort) participated in a dental anatomy module within an Introduction to the Dental Patient (IDP) course ([traditional/lecture cohort: academic year (AY) 2012, 2013] and [flipped classroom cohort: AY 2014, 2015]). For the dental anatomy module, both cohorts were evaluated on pre-clinical tooth waxing exercises immediately after each of five lectures and tooth identification after all lectures were given...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116985/resources-used-to-teach-the-physical-exam-to-preclerkship-medical-students-results-of-a-national-survey
#14
Toshiko Uchida, Francis I Achike, Angela D Blood, Mary Boyle, Jeanne M Farnan, Deepthiman Gowda, Joanne Hojsak, Robin K Ovitsh, Yoon Soo Park, Ronald Silvestri
PURPOSE: To examine the resources utilized in teaching the physical exam to preclerkship students at U.S. medical schools. METHOD: The Directors of Clinical Skills Courses (DOCS) developed a 49-question survey addressing the resources and pedagogical methods employed in preclerkship physical exam curricula. The survey was sent to all 141 LCME-accredited medical schools in October 2015. Results were averaged across schools and data were weighted by class size. RESULTS: Results from 106 medical schools (75% response rate) identified a median of 59 hours devoted to teaching the physical exam...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114891/mapping-an-australian-occupational-therapy-curriculum-linking-intended-learning-outcomes-with-entry-level-competency-standards
#15
Ben Sellar, Carolyn M Murray, Mandy Stanley, Hugh Stewart, Helene Hipp, Susan Gilbert-Hunt
BACKGROUND: Curriculum mapping involves systematic charting of programme content against professional competencies. This process can reveal strengths, gaps and redundancies within educational programmes. METHODS: Curriculum mapping occurred using intended learning (ILOs) as documented in individual courses and linking them to units and elements within the occupational therapy minimum competency standards (ACSOT) and Miller's Framework of competency. Five occupational therapy academics and two impartial research assistants identified links between ILOs and units and elements of the ACSOT...
November 8, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098596/interprofessional-simulation-training-to-promote-working-with-families-and-networks-in-mental-health-services
#16
Christopher Kowalski, Chris Attoe, Isabelle Ekdawi, Claire Parry, Sabrina Phillips, Sean Cross
OBJECTIVE: Working with the families and networks of patients with mental illness has significant benefits. There are, however, numerous barriers to this way of working, meaning that it is not universally privileged in mental healthcare services. This study evaluated the impact of an interprofessional simulation (IPS) course on working with families and networks on participants' confidence, attitudes, and perceived future clinical practice. METHODS: A one-day IPS course pairing high-fidelity scenarios with reflective debriefs was developed...
November 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096383/design-principles-for-simulation-games-for-learning-clinical-reasoning-a-design-based-research-approach
#17
J-M Koivisto, E Haavisto, H Niemi, P Haho, S Nylund, J Multisilta
BACKGROUND: Nurses sometimes lack the competence needed for recognising deterioration in patient conditions and this is often due to poor clinical reasoning. There is a need to develop new possibilities for learning this crucial competence area. In addition, educators need to be future oriented; they need to be able to design and adopt new pedagogical innovations. The purpose of the study is to describe the development process and to generate principles for the design of nursing simulation games...
October 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092727/key-lessons-for-designing-health-literacy-professional-development-courses
#18
Lucio Naccarella, Bernice Murphy
Health literacy courses for health professionals have emerged in response to health professionals' perceived lack of understanding of health literacy issues, and their failure to routinely adopt health literacy practices. Since 2013 in Victoria, Australia, the Centre for Culture, Ethnicity and Health has delivered an annual health literacy demonstration training course that it developed. Course development and delivery partners included HealthWest Partnership and cohealth. The courses are designed to develop the health literacy knowledge, skills and organisational capacity of the health and community services sector in the western metropolitan region of Melbourne...
November 2, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091712/uncovering-protein-protein-interactions-through-a-team-based-undergraduate-biochemistry-course
#19
David L Cookmeyer, Emily S Winesett, Bashkim Kokona, Adam R Huff, Sabina Aliev, Noah B Bloch, Joshua A Bulos, Irene L Evans, Christian R Fagre, Kerilyn N Godbe, Maryna Khromava, Daniel M Konstantinovsky, Alexander E Lafrance, Alexandra J Lamacki, Robert C Parry, Jeanne M Quinn, Alana M Thurston, Kathleen J S Tsai, Aurelio Mollo, Max J Cryle, Robert Fairman, Louise K Charkoudian
How can we provide fertile ground for students to simultaneously explore a breadth of foundational knowledge, develop cross-disciplinary problem-solving skills, gain resiliency, and learn to work as a member of a team? One way is to integrate original research in the context of an undergraduate biochemistry course. In this Community Page, we discuss the development and execution of an interdisciplinary and cross-departmental undergraduate biochemistry laboratory course. We present a template for how a similar course can be replicated at other institutions and provide pedagogical and research results from a sample module in which we challenged our students to study the binding interface between 2 important biosynthetic proteins...
November 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080033/challenges-and-successful-pedagogical-strategies-experiences-from-six-swedish-students-with-blindness-and-autism-in-different-school-settings
#20
Kim de Verdier, Elisabeth Fernell, Ulla Ek
The prevalence of autism in children with blindness is much higher than in the general population. There are many challenges regarding the school situation for children with this complex dual disability. This study explored challenges and successful strategies in school for a sample of six Swedish children with blindness and autism, with and without intellectual disability, through qualitative interviews with students, teachers and parents. All students displayed executive functioning deficits, and the teaching situation entailed several challenges...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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