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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646362/-theories-of-social-work-and-geriatrics
#1
Kirsten Aner
Medical practitioners commonly do not have much knowledge of the professional side of social workers, even those that work together in a geriatric team. The current article aims to further this knowledge and to show that the potentials of social work support may exceed administration, as well as in the consultation of patients by so-called social workers in hospitals. These potentials are not empirically reasoned, instead social pedagogic theories are used for support of this argument. Three theories will be introduced as examples and furthermore, the possible meaning this has for geriatric medicine will be explained by means of a case example...
June 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644695/peer-supported-open-dialogue-a-thematic-analysis-of-trainee-perspectives-on-the-approach-and-training
#2
Tom Stockmann, Lisa Wood, Gabriela Enache, Frankie Withers, Lauren Gavaghan, Russell Razzaque
BACKGROUND: Open Dialogue (OD) is a Finnish social network based model of care, with practice and organisational aspects. Peer-supported Open Dialogue (POD) is a UK version involving peer workers, whose contributions include building on fragmented social networks. Fifty-four NHS staff undertook the first training in POD between 2014 and 2015. The training course was organised as four separate residential weeks, together with reflective sharing on an online platform. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the perspectives of the POD trainees on the training and the POD approach...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640029/enacting-pedagogy-in-curricula-on-the-vital-role-of-governance-in-medical-education
#3
Oscar Casiro, Glenn Regehr
Managing curricula and curricular change involves both a complex set of decisions and effective enactment of those decisions. The means by which decisions are made, implemented, and monitored constitute the governance of a program. Thus, effective academic governance is critical to effective curriculum delivery. Medical educators and medical education researchers have been invested heavily in issues of educational content, pedagogy, and design. However, relatively little consideration has been paid to the governance processes that ensure fidelity of implementation and ongoing refinements that will bring curricular practices increasingly in line with the pedagogical intent...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638034/-post-graduated-education-and-medical-pedagogics-a-new-approach-based-on-the-competence-oriented-educational-program-for-neurologists-in-the-field-of-children-epileptology
#4
O A Milovanova, S Yu Astanina, I E Tambiev, N D Andreeva
The highly qualified performance of jobs according to professional standards due to the reformed system of additional professional education is one of the objectives of practical health care. The development of the educational program 'Children epileptology. Clinical, diagnostic and treatment issues' for increasing the qualification of neurologists was based on the competent approach that orients the content and process of education on the formation of competence in work performance. Work performance, in its turn, allowed the determination of professional tasks by neurologists...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637146/instilling-positive-beliefs-about-disabilities-pilot-testing-a-novel-experiential-learning-activity-for-rehabilitation-students
#5
Arielle M Silverman, Jennifer S Pitonyak, Ian K Nelson, Patricia N Matsuda, Deborah Kartin, Ivan R Molton
PURPOSE: To develop and test a novel impairment simulation activity to teach beginning rehabilitation students how people adapt to physical impairments. METHODS: Masters of Occupational Therapy students (n = 14) and Doctor of Physical Therapy students (n = 18) completed the study during the first month of their program. Students were randomized to the experimental or control learning activity. Experimental students learned to perform simple tasks while simulating paraplegia and hemiplegia...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636338/contributions-of-local-farming-to-urban-sustainability-in-the-northeast-united-states
#6
Benjamin P Goldstein, Michael Z Hauschild, John E Fernández, Morten Birkved
Food consumption is an important contributor to a city's environmental impacts (carbon emissions, land occupation, water use, etc.) Urban farming (UF) has been advocated as a means to increase urban sustainability by reducing food-related transport and tapping into local resources. Taking Boston as an illustrative Northeast U.S. city, we developed a novel method to estimate sub-urban, food-borne carbon and land footprints using multiregion-input-output modeling and nutritional surveys. Computer simulations utilizing primary data explored UF's ability to reduce these footprints using select farming technologies, building on previous city-scale UF assessments which have hitherto been dependent on proxy data for UF...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#7
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632079/-no-there-is-nothing-wrong-with-your-eyes-my-letterhead-is-indeed-crooked-an-introduction-to-the-study-of-black-and-brown-lesbian-educators
#8
Bettina L Love
To date, there is a noticeable lack of studies that focus exclusively on the pedagogical practices, teaching experiences, identity, and gender performances of Black and Brown lesbian educators (BBLE). This special issue of the Journal of Lesbian Studies aims to make the hyperinvisibility of BBLE visible and proposes to fill this scholarly gap by exploring this topic from a variety of cultural and disciplinary perspectives.
September 22, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631184/willingness-to-communicate-orally-the-case-of-iranian-efl-learners
#9
Elaheh Tavakoli, Mohammad Davoudi
This study sets out to develop a questionnaire on willingness to communicate (WTC) orally specific to English as a Foreign Language setting. It also aims to investigate the effect of three independent variables of interlocutor, age and gender on the same construct of WTC orally. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in three dimensions to WTC, namely WTC with teacher, with classmate, and stranger. Also Cronbach's alpha of .86 indicated a high internal consistency. Mixed between-within subjects analysis of variance was used to assess the impact of interlocutors, age and gender on participants' WTC across the three WTC subscale scores...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630545/legal-knowledge-as-a-tool-for-social-change-la-mesa-por-la-vida-y-la-salud-de-las-mujeres-as-an-expert-on-colombian-abortion-law
#10
Ana Cristina González Vélez, Isabel Cristina Jaramillo
In May 2006, Colombia's Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the woman's health or life; and (3) fetal malformations incompatible with life. Immediately following the court's ruling, known as Sentence C-355, members of La Mesa por la Vida y Salud de las Mujeres (hereinafter La Mesa) began to mobilize to ensure the decision's implementation, bearing in mind the limited impact that the legal framework endorsed by the court has had in other countries in the region...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627840/teaching-clinical-reasoning-is-more-like-detective-work-than-you-might-imagine
#11
Marie-Claude Audétat, Arabelle Rieder, Johanna Sommer
When supervising a medical student or a doctor in training, it is useful to know the different stages of clinical reasoning in order to identify at what stage the learner encounters a difficulty in making the right decision. Is he having trouble characterizing the clinical problem ? Is he generating the right hypotheses that are adapted to the data collection ? Is it a problem of verification of assumptions ? Of interpreting the data ? Of presumptive diagnosis or a poor choice of an intervention plan ? By making a pedagogical diagnosis, the supervisor will be more effective in adapting his recommendations in a more targeted way to the specific difficulties of the student or young colleague...
May 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626441/teaching-improvisation-through-processes-applications-in-music-education-and-implications-for-general-education
#12
REVIEW
Michele Biasutti
Improvisation is an articulated multidimensional activity based on an extemporaneous creative performance. Practicing improvisation, participants expand sophisticated skills such as sensory and perceptual encoding, memory storage and recall, motor control, and performance monitoring. Improvisation abilities have been developed following several methodologies mainly with a product-oriented perspective. A model framed under the socio-cultural theory of learning for designing didactic activities on processes instead of outcomes is presented in the current paper...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620982/novice-students-navigating-the-clinical-environment-in-an-early-medical-clerkship
#13
Jenny Barrett, Steve C Trumble, Geoff McColl
CONTEXT: The black box that is student learning in clinical environments is an ongoing research project. Our previous research showed that despite the time that students are given to learn with, about and from patients, some lack confidence for those encounters and see few patients. The study reported here investigated individual and environmental factors affecting medical students' self-directed learning time in hospital. METHODS: We studied second year students in the four-year postgraduate Melbourne Medical School programme as they undertook the first of their four 9-week hospital placements in medical wards...
June 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619411/where-we-fall-down-tensions-in-teaching-social-medicine-and-global-health
#14
Amy Finnegan, Michelle Morse, Marisa Nadas, Michael Westerhaus
BACKGROUND: As global health interest has risen, so too has the relevance of education on the social determinants of health and health equity. Social medicine offers a particularly salient framework for educating on the social determinants of health, health disparities, and health equity. SocMed and EqualHealth, 2 unique but related organizations, offer annual global health courses in Uganda, Haiti, and the United States, which train students to understand and respond to the social determinants of health through praxis, self-reflection and self-awareness, and building collaborative partnerships across difference...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617972/pedagogical-questions-in-parent-child-conversations
#15
Yue Yu, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Patrick Shafto
Questioning is a core component of formal pedagogy. Parents commonly question children, but do they use questions to teach? This article defines "pedagogical questions" as questions for which the questioner already knows the answer and intended to help the questionee learn. Transcripts of parent-child conversations were collected from the CHILDES database to examine the frequency and distribution of pedagogical questions. Analysis of 2,166 questions from 166 mother-child dyads and 64 father-child dyads (child's age between 2 and 6 years) showed that pedagogical questions are commonplace during day-to-day parent-child conversations and vary based on child's age, family environment, and historical era...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617381/-g-e-sukhareva-a-course-of-life-and-scientific-pedagogical-heritage
#16
A V Goryunov, I I Lazareva, Yu S Shevchenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#17
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600718/-compacted-procedures-for-adults-simple-addition-a-review-and-critique-of-the-evidence
#18
Yalin Chen, Jamie I D Campbell
We review recent empirical findings and arguments proffered as evidence that educated adults solve elementary addition problems (3 + 2, 4 + 1) using so-called compacted procedures (e.g., unconscious, automatic counting); a conclusion that could have significant pedagogical implications. We begin with the large-sample experiment reported by Uittenhove, Thevenot and Barrouillet (2016, Cognition, 146, 289-303), which tested 90 adults on the 81 single-digit addition problems from 1 + 1 to 9 + 9. They identified the 12 very-small addition problems with different operands both ≤ 4 (e...
June 9, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599723/-mobile-learning-in-nurse-training-institutes-infinite-pedagogical-possibilities
#19
REVIEW
Loïc Martin
Riding on the digital wave, the Rouen nurse training institute is developing mobile learning. Students and trainers are finding benefits in terms of learning methods and pedagogical innovations.
June 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599015/torso-and-bowing-arm-three-dimensional-joint-kinematics-of-elite-cellists-clinical-and-pedagogical-implications-for-practice
#20
Luke Hopper, Cliffton Chan, Suzanne Wijsman, Timothy Ackland, Peter Visentin, Jacqueline Alderson
BACKGROUND: Elite cello playing requires complex and refined motor control. Cellists are prone to right shoulder and thoracolumbar injuries. Research informing injury management of cellists and cello pedagogy is limited. The aims of this study were to quantify the torso, right shoulder, and elbow joint movement used by elite cellists while performing a fundamental playing task, a C major scale, under two volume conditions. METHODS: An eight degrees of freedom upper limb biomechanical model was applied to 3D motion capture data of the torso, upper arm, and forearm for 31 cellists with a mean experience of 19...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
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