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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527481/rethinking-anatomy-how-to-overcome-challenges-of-medical-education-s-evolution
#1
REVIEW
Bruno Guimarães, Luís Dourado, Stanislav Tsisar, José Miguel Diniz, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Due to scientific and technological development, Medical Education has been readjusting its focus and strategies. Medical curriculum has been adopting a vertical integration model, in which basic and clinical sciences coexist during medical instruction. This context favours the introduction of new complementary technology-based pedagogical approaches. Thus, even traditional core sciences of medical curriculum, like Anatomy, are refocusing their teaching/learning paradigm...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526022/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-of-medical-student-preferences-for-vodcast-design-format-and-pedagogical-approach
#2
Robin K Pettit, Marjorie Kinney, Lise McCoy
BACKGROUND: Vodcasts (video podcasts) are becoming increasingly popular in medical education. At A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (ATSU SOMA), vodcasts are an essential component of our blended learning environment, where year 2-4 students train in a contextual setting at community health centers across the U.S. Vodcasts are used far less frequently in our year 1 residential learning environment at the main campus in Arizona, but we are considering moving to significantly more interactive educational experiences with on-demand videos followed by in-class activities...
May 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520272/a-focus-on-polarity-investigating-the-role-of-orientation-cues-in-mediating-student-performance-on-mrna-synthesis-tasks-in-an-introductory-cell-and-molecular-biology-course
#3
Jeffrey T Olimpo, Daniel A Quijas, Anita M Quintana
The central dogma has served as a foundational model for information flow, exchange, and storage in the biological sciences for several decades. Despite its continued importance, however, recent research suggests that novices in the domain possess several misconceptions regarding the aforementioned processes, including those pertaining specifically to the formation of messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) transcripts. In the present study, we sought to expand upon these observations through exploration of the influence of orientation cues on students' aptitude at synthesizing mRNAs from provided deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) template strands...
May 18, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508919/cognitive-development-of-school-age-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-survivors-a-single-center-study
#4
REVIEW
Raphael D Oberhuber, Sonja Huemer, Rudolf Mair, Eva Sames-Dolzer, Michaela Kreuzer, Gerald Tulzer
Neurological and radiologic research results show an abnormal cerebral microstructure as well as abnormal neurodevelopment in patients treated for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the varying cognitive performance these children have developed in dependence upon prenatal diagnosis, surgical techniques, surgical learning effects, anatomy, perfusion techniques, gender, pedagogic, and sociodemographic parameters in comparison to age-adjusted normative values. School-age children (6...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501034/differences-in-the-students-perceptions-on-the-teaching-of-neuroanatomy-in-a-medical-curriculum-organized-by-disciplines-and-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#5
Mavilde Arantes, Joselina Barbosa, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: On the subject of curriculum reform, most European medical schools are moving away from an educational approach consisting of discipline-based courses to an integrated curriculum. The aim of this study was to compare, in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto, Portugal, the teaching of neuroanatomy in a medical curriculum organized by disciplines and in an integrated medical curriculum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred sixty one students who completed the Curricular Unit with a discipline-based approach (Neuroanatomy) and 202 students who completed it with an integrated approach (Morphophysiology of the Nervous System) were asked to complete a questionnaire on their perceptions about the Curricular Unit...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499684/flying-lessons-for-clinicians-developing-system-2-practice
#6
Jerome N Gregoire, Celeste M Alfes, Andrew P Reimer, Mary F Terhaar
There is a long history of adopting lessons learned from aviation to improve health care practice. Two of the major practices that have successfully transferred include using a checklist and simulation. Training and simulation technology is currently underdeveloped for nurses and health care providers entering critical care transport. This article describes a pedagogical approach adopted from aviation to develop a new simulation platform and program of research to develop the science of critical care transport nursing education...
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497873/an-online-education-approach-to-population-health-in-a-global-society
#7
Queen Utley-Smith
BACKGROUND: Health professions education content must keep pace with the ever-evolving and changing health care system. Population-based health care is advocated as a way to improve health outcomes, particularly in a technologically advanced health system like the United States. At the same time, global health knowledge is increasingly valued in health professions education, including nursing. AIMS: This article describes the design and implementation of an online population health course with a global viewpoint intended to accommodate the need for improved knowledge and skill application for graduate nurses...
May 12, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495934/how-should-i-study-for-the-exam-self-regulated-learning-strategies-and-achievement-in-introductory-biology
#8
Amanda J Sebesta, Elena Bray Speth
In college introductory science courses, students are challenged with mastering large amounts of disciplinary content while developing as autonomous and effective learners. Self-regulated learning (SRL) is the process of setting learning goals, monitoring progress toward them, and applying appropriate study strategies. SRL characterizes successful, "expert" learners, and develops with time and practice. In a large, undergraduate introductory biology course, we investigated: 1) what SRL strategies students reported using the most when studying for exams, 2) which strategies were associated with higher achievement and with grade improvement on exams, and 3) what study approaches students proposed to use for future exams...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490842/the-need-for-virtual-reality-simulators-in-dental-education-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Elby Roy, Mahmoud M Bakr, Roy George
Virtual reality simulators are becoming an essential part of modern education. The benefits of Virtual reality in dentistry is constantly being assessed as a method or an adjunct to improve fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination in pre-clinical settings and overcome the monetary and intellectual challenges involved with such training. This article, while providing an overview of the virtual reality dental simulators, also looks at the link between virtual reality simulation and current pedagogical knowledge...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490416/development-and-assessment-of-an-e-learning-course-on-pediatric-cardiology-basics
#10
Ana Cristina Oliveira, Sandra Mattos, Miguel Coimbra
BACKGROUND: Early detection of congenital heart disease is a worldwide problem. This is more critical in developing countries, where shortage of professional specialists and structural health care problems are a constant. E-learning has the potential to improve capacity, by overcoming distance barriers and by its ability to adapt to the reduced time of health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop an e-learning pediatric cardiology basics course and evaluate its pedagogical impact and user satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476154/cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-adolescent-girls-empowerment-programme-agep-study-protocol
#11
Paul C Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R Behrman, Fiammetta Bozzani, Natalie A Jackson-Hachonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in less developed countries such as Zambia often face multi-faceted challenges for achieving successful transitions through adolescence to early adulthood. The literature has noted the need to introduce interventions during this period, particularly for adolescent girls, with the perspective that such investments have significant economic, social and health returns to society. The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP) was an intervention designed as a catalyst for change for adolescent girls through themselves, to their family and community...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474477/evaluation-of-an-innovative-evidence-guided-pbl-approach
#12
Hilary Neve, Stephanie Bull, Helen Lloyd, Kerry Gilbert, Karen Mattick
AIM: To understand the experiences of students and problem-based learning (PBL) facilitators during an evidence-based curriculum change to a PBL programme within an undergraduate medical course in South West England. METHODS: Four novel PBL cases were designed and implemented, based on educational theory and evidence. Eight focus groups were undertaken with Year-1 and -2 students (n = 18) and PBL facilitators (n = 14) to explore the experiences of participants...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468706/problem-based-learning-for-didactic-presentation-to-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#13
Susan Montenery
Nursing judgment is an essential component in the delivery of safe, quality patient care. Nurses must have the knowledge and skills to question authority, make judgments, substantiate evidence, and advocate for the patient. Traditional pedagogy in content-laden courses remains primarily lecture based. Incorporating active strategies to strengthen professional practice is essential. A pilot study assessed senior baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of problem-based learning (PBL) and their readiness for self-directed learning...
May 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467555/virtual-gaming-simulation-in-nursing-education-a-focus-group-study
#14
Margaret Verkuyl, Michelle Hughes, Joyce Tsui, Lorraine Betts, Oona St-Amant, Jennifer L Lapum
BACKGROUND: The use of serious gaming in a virtual world is a novel pedagogical approach in nursing education. A virtual gaming simulation was implemented in a health assessment class that focused on mental health and interpersonal violence. The study's purpose was to explore students' experiences of the virtual gaming simulation. METHOD: Three focus groups were conducted with a convenience sample of 20 first-year nursing students after they completed the virtual gaming simulation...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463652/the-importance-of-being-inconsistent
#15
Adam Wasserman, Jonathan Nafziger, Kaili Jiang, Min-Cheol Kim, Eunji Sim, Kieron Burke
We review the role of self-consistency in density functional theory (DFT). We apply a recent analysis to both Kohn-Sham and orbital-free DFT, as well as to partition DFT, which generalizes all aspects of standard DFT. In each case, the analysis distinguishes between errors in approximate functionals versus errors in the self-consistent density. This yields insights into the origins of many errors in DFT calculations, especially those often attributed to self-interaction or delocalization error. In many classes of problems, errors can be substantially reduced by using better densities...
May 5, 2017: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460606/the-relevance-and-role-of-homestays-in-medical-education-a-scoping-study
#16
Bonnie Olivia Hughes, Mosa Moshabela, Jenni Owen, Bernhard Gaede
BACKGROUND: The community-based medical education curriculum is growing in popularity as a strategy to bring universal health coverage to underserved communities by providing medical students with hands-on training in primary health care. Accommodation and immersion of medical students within the community will become increasingly important to the success of community-based curricula. In the context of tourism, homestays, where local families host guests, have shown to provide an immersive accommodation experience...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458335/communication-skills-training-adapting-to-the-trends-and-moving-forward
#17
Ye Liu, Yiqin Huang, Hong Gao, Xunjia Cheng
Communication ability is one of the core requirements of doctors' competency. Teaching communication to medical students and junior doctors has attracted much attention. With the challenge of escalating demands, the status of training communication skills has been promoted in the past several decades. The training content was integrated with other courses and various pedagogic approaches have been applied and proved to be effective. Practical strategies and mixed types were highly recommended. However, there are still many problems, including the fragmentation of the training, insufficient practice, inadequate qualified teachers, case adaptation, course localization and impediment from the environment...
April 29, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454531/the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp-a-controlled-longitudinal-school-based-physical-activity-intervention-program
#18
Per Morten Fredriksen, Ole Petter Hjelle, Asgeir Mamen, Trine J Meza, Ane C Westerberg
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing worldwide, also among children. Information about primary prevention of NCD's is increasing; however, convincing strategies among children is needed. The present paper describes the design and methods in the Health Oriented Pedagogical Project (HOPP) study. The main objective is to evaluate the effects of a school-based physical activity intervention program on cardio-metabolic risk factors. Secondary objectives include assessment of physical, psychological and academic performance variables...
April 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453117/-learning-about-social-determinants-of-health-through-chronicles-using-a-virtual-learning-environment
#19
Sonia Restrepo-Palacio, Jairo Amaya-Guio
Objective: To describe the contributions of a pedagogical strategy based on the construction of chronicles, using a Virtual Learning Environment for training medical students from Universidad de La Sabana on social determinants of health. Methodology: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Design and implementation of a Virtual Learning Environment based on the ADDIE instructional model. Results: A Virtual Learning Environment was implemented with an instructional design based on the five phases of the ADDIE model, on the grounds of meaningful learning and social constructivism, and through the narration of chronicles or life stories as a pedagogical strategy...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452118/the-attitudes-of-medical-students-in-europe-towards-the-clinical-importance-of-histology
#20
Bernard John Moxham, Elpida Emmanouil-Nikoloussi, Erich Brenner, Odile Plaisant, Hana Brichova, Tomas Kucera, Diogo Pais, Isobel Stabile, Jordy Borg, Michael Scholz, Friedrich Paulsen, José Luis Bueno-López, Luis Alfonso Arraez Aybar, Raffaele De Caro, Stojanka Arsic, Baptiste Lignier, Andy Chirculescu
Many studies have been undertaken to assess the attitudes of medical students to the clinical importance of gross anatomy. However, much less is known about their attitudes towards the clinical importance of histology. Using Thurstone and Chave methods to assess attitudes, over 2,000 early stage medical students across Europe provided responses to a survey that tested the hypothesis that the students have a high regard for histology's clinical relevance. Regardless of the university and country surveyed, and of the teaching methods employed for histology, our findings were not consistent with our hypotheses, students providing a more moderate assessment of histology's importance compared to gross anatomy but more positive than their attitudes towards embryology...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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