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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334475/the-influence-of-role-models-in-undergraduate-nurse-education
#1
Kirsten Jack, Claire Hamshire, Alison Chambers
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the concept of role modelling in undergraduate nurse education and its effect on the personal and professional development of student nurses. BACKGROUND: Effective educative strategies are important for student nurses, who have to cope with learning in both clinical and university settings. Given the contemporary issues facing nurse education and practice in the United Kingdom (UK) it is timely and important to undertake pedagogical research into the concept of role modelling as an effective educative method...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334458/strategies-for-healthcare-professionals-to-facilitate-patient-illness-understanding
#2
Håkan Nunstedt, Gudrun Rudolfsson, Pia Alsén, Sandra Pennbrant
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how healthcare professionals facilitate patient illness understanding. BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals and patients differ in their illness understanding. If the information provided by healthcare professionals is not adapted to the patient's daily life it may be unusable for the patient. Previous research has found that healthcare professionals should individualise the information to enable the patient to apply the knowledge to the personal situation and to develop illness understanding...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333955/producing-or-reproducing-reasoning-socratic-dialog-is-very-effective-but-only-for-a-few
#3
Andrea Paula Goldin, Olivia Pedroncini, Mariano Sigman
Successful communication between a teacher and a student is at the core of pedagogy. A well known example of a pedagogical dialog is 'Meno', a socratic lesson of geometry in which a student learns (or 'discovers') how to double the area of a given square 'in essence, a demonstration of Pythagoras' theorem. In previous studies we found that after engaging in the dialog participants can be divided in two kinds: those who can only apply a rule to solve the problem presented in the dialog and those who can go beyond and generalize that knowledge to solve any square problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323612/from-particularities-to-context-refining-our-thinking-on-illness-narratives
#4
Annie Le, Kara Miller, Juliet McMullin
This paper examines how illness narratives are used in medical education and their implications for clinicians' thinking and care of patients. Ideally, collecting and reading illness narratives can enhance clinicians' sensitivity and contextual thinking. And yet these narratives have become part of institutionalizing cultural competency requirements in ways that tend to favor standardization. Stereotyping and reductionistic thinking can result from these pedagogic approaches and obscure structural inequities...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319149/walking-and-talking-the-tree-of-life-why-and-how-to-teach-about-biodiversity
#5
Cissy J Ballen, Harry W Greene
Taxonomic details of diversity are an essential scaffolding for biology education, yet outdated methods for teaching the tree of life (TOL), as implied by textbook content and usage, are still commonly employed. Here, we show that the traditional approach only vaguely represents evolutionary relationships, fails to denote major events in the history of life, and relies heavily on memorizing near-meaningless taxonomic ranks. Conversely, a clade-based strategy-focused on common ancestry, monophyletic groups, and derived functional traits-is explicitly based on Darwin's "descent with modification," provides students with a rational system for organizing the details of biodiversity, and readily lends itself to active learning techniques...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318063/concept-of-quantum-geometry-in-optoelectronic-processes-in-solids-application-to-solar-cells
#6
REVIEW
Naoto Nagaosa, Takahiro Morimoto
The concept of topology is becoming more and more relevant to the properties and functions of electronic materials including various transport phenomena and optical responses. A pedagogical introduction is given here to the basic ideas and their applications to optoelectronic processes in solids.
March 20, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316578/attractor-states-in-teaching-and-learning-processes-a-study-of-out-of-school-science-education
#7
Carla H Geveke, Henderien W Steenbeek, Jeannette M Doornenbal, Paul L C Van Geert
In order for out-of-school science activities that take place during school hours but outside the school context to be successful, instructors must have sufficient pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) to guarantee high-quality teaching and learning. We argue that PCK is a quality of the instructor-pupil system that is constructed in real-time interaction. When PCK is evident in real-time interaction, we define it as Expressed Pedagogical Content Knowledge (EPCK). The aim of this study is to empirically explore whether EPCK shows a systematic pattern of variation, and if so whether the pattern occurs in recurrent and temporary stable attractor states as predicted in the complex dynamic systems theory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306551/master-equations-and-the-theory-of-stochastic-path-integrals
#8
Markus F Weber, Erwin Frey
This review provides a pedagogic and self-contained introduction to master equations and to their representation by path integrals. Since the 1930s, master equations have served as a fundamental tool to understand the role of fluctuations in complex biological, chemical, and physical systems. Despite their simple appearance, analyses of master equations most often rely on low-noise approximations such as the Kramers-Moyal or the system size expansion, or require ad-hoc closure schemes for the derivation of low-order moment equations...
April 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290010/bayesian-calibration-validation-and-uncertainty-quantification-for-predictive-modelling-of-tumour-growth-a-tutorial
#9
Joe Collis, Anthony J Connor, Marcin Paczkowski, Pavitra Kannan, Joe Pitt-Francis, Helen M Byrne, Matthew E Hubbard
In this work, we present a pedagogical tumour growth example, in which we apply calibration and validation techniques to an uncertain, Gompertzian model of tumour spheroid growth. The key contribution of this article is the discussion and application of these methods (that are not commonly employed in the field of cancer modelling) in the context of a simple model, whose deterministic analogue is widely known within the community. In the course of the example, we calibrate the model against experimental data that are subject to measurement errors, and then validate the resulting uncertain model predictions...
March 13, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289296/methods-used-by-colleges-and-schools-of-pharmacy-to-prepare-student-pharmacists-for-careers-in-academia
#10
Seena L Haines, Eliza A Dy-Boarman, Kalin M Clifford, Maria A Summa, Megan N Willson, Jaclyn A Boyle, Michael J Peeters
Objective. To identify the methods used by US colleges and schools of pharmacy to prepare student pharmacists for academic careers. Method. An 18-item survey instrument was developed and distributed to US colleges and schools of pharmacy. Representatives were asked about faculty responsibilities, experiences in academia currently offered to student pharmacists, and representatives' perception of their student pharmacists' preparedness for careers in academia, including barriers in current programming. Results...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286667/student-nurse-educators-construction-of-teacher-identity-from-a-self-evaluation-perspective-a-quantitative-case-study
#11
Ferdinand C Mukumbang, Leka Marcel Alindekane
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the teacher identity formation dynamics of student nurse-educators about the subject matter, pedagogy and didactics. DESIGN: A case study using descriptive quantitative design was employed. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional approach, data were collected in 2014 using a self-administered questionnaire. Participants were asked to self-evaluate their teaching competencies on the nursing subject matter, pedagogical expertise and didactical expertise...
April 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285564/an-exploration-of-teaching-presence-in-online-interprofessional-education-facilitation
#12
Sherryn Maree Evans, Catherine Ward, Scott Reeves
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of online asynchronous interprofessional education (IPE) has increased in the last decade, little is known about the processes of facilitation in this environment. The teaching presence element of the Community of Inquiry Framework offers an approach to analyze the contributions of online facilitators, however, to date it has only been used on a limited basis in health professions education literature. AIM: Using an exploratory case study design, we explored the types of contributions made by IPE facilitators to asynchronous interprofessional team discussions by applying the notion of teaching presence...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273526/clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-of-international-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Kristina Mikkonen, Satu Elo, Jouko Miettunen, Mikko Saarikoski, Maria Kääriäinen
BACKGROUND: Previously, it has been shown that the clinical learning environment causes challenges for international nursing students, but there is a lack of empirical evidence relating to the background factors explaining and influencing the outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe international and national students' perceptions of their clinical learning environment and supervision, and explain the related background factors. DESIGN: An explorative cross-sectional design was used in a study conducted in eight universities of applied sciences in Finland during September 2015-May 2016...
February 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269798/deconstructing-hierarchies-service-users-as-co-teachers-in-occupational-therapy-education
#14
Shira Yalon-Chamovitz, Yoav Kraiem, Carolyn Gutman
BACKGROUND: While occupational therapy currently tends to view itself as operating based on a client-centered, collaborative approach, studies often reflect a gap between rhetoric and practice. OBJECTIVE: This work presents a new pedagogic standard which moves away from the medical model and toward a collaborative, client-centred approach. It functions to support a practice which embraces the respect for, and partnership with, people receiving services and replaces historic patterns which may strengthen the legitimacy of the professional and sustain clients' dependence...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268948/teaching-cardiopulmonary-auscultation-in-workshops-using-a-virtual-patient-simulation-technology-a-pilot-study
#15
D Pereira, P Gomes, S Faria, R Cruz-Correia, M Coimbra
Auscultation is currently both a powerful screening tool, providing a cheap and quick initial assessment of a patient's clinical condition, and a hard skill to master. The teaching of auscultation in Universities is today reduced to an unsuitable number of hours. Virtual patient simulators can potentially mitigate this problem, by providing an interesting high-quality alternative to teaching with real patients or patient simulators. In this paper we evaluate the pedagogical impact of using a virtual patient simulation technology in a short workshop format for medical students, training them to detect cardiac pathologies...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268130/curbing-the-metallic-mode-in-between-an-empirical-study-qualifying-and-categorizing-restrained-sounds-known-as-curbing-based-on-audio-perception-laryngostroboscopic-imaging-acoustics-ltas-and-egg
#16
Mathias Aaen Thuesen, Julian McGlashan, Cathrine Sadolin
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to study the categorization Curbing from the pedagogical method Complete Vocal Technique as a reduced metallic mode compared with the full metallic modes Overdrive and Edge by means of audio perception, laryngostroboscopic imaging, acoustics, long-term average spectrum (LTAS), and electroglottography (EGG). METHODS: Twenty singers were recorded singing sustained vowels in a restrained character known as Curbing. Two studies were performed: (1) laryngostroboscopic examination using a videonasoendoscopic camera system and the Laryngostrobe program; and (2) simultaneous recording of EGG and acoustic signals using Speech Studio...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267290/great-expectations-a-framework-for-assessing-and-understanding-key-factors-affecting-student-learning-of-foundational-reading-skills
#17
REVIEW
Audrey-Marie Moore, Amber Gove, Karen Tietjen
This article addresses the evolution of the underlying theories of change in global education reform efforts between 1990 and 2015, informed by the shift in focus from access to quality and learning. We review recent data regarding how different types of donor interventions (i.e., structural or pedagogical) have contributed to improved reading outcomes and compare effect sizes over a series of intervention studies conducted from 2003 to 2015. Against this background, we present a framework for understanding how the intensity, frequency, and fidelity of the interventions as well as the enabling environments of reform affect the magnitude and rates at which reading and learning outcomes can be expected to improve...
March 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256696/-current-state-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-approach-in-neuropediatrics
#18
E Cardo, G Ros-Cervera, J Eiris-Punal, C Escofet-Soteras, A Fernandez-Jaen, F Mulas, R Sanchez-Carpintero, A Sans, Grupo de Trabajo de Tdah de la Sociedad Espanola de Neurologia Pediatrica Grupo de Trabajo de Tdah de la Sociedad Espanola de Neurologia Pediatrica
AIM: To know the current state of the approach of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in neuropediatricians. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A telematic survey was carried out to collect preliminary information on the interest, difficulties in the management and treatment of ADHD to the 437 fellowship of the Neuropediactric Spanish Society (SENEP). RESULTS: Only 32.49% of the sent questionnaires were answered, with important geographic variability...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250941/cadee-computer-aided-directed-evolution-of-enzymes
#19
Beat Anton Amrein, Fabian Steffen-Munsberg, Ireneusz Szeler, Miha Purg, Yashraj Kulkarni, Shina Caroline Lynn Kamerlin
The tremendous interest in enzymes as biocatalysts has led to extensive work in enzyme engineering, as well as associated methodology development. Here, a new framework for computer-aided directed evolution of enzymes (CADEE) is presented which allows a drastic reduction in the time necessary to prepare and analyze in silico semi-automated directed evolution of enzymes. A pedagogical example of the application of CADEE to a real biological system is also presented in order to illustrate the CADEE workflow.
January 1, 2017: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244569/improving-nutritional-status-of-older-persons-with-dementia-using-a-national-preventive-care-program
#20
L Johansson, H Wijk, L Christensson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the outcome of change in body weight associated with use of a structured preventive care process among persons with dementia assessed as at risk of malnutrition or malnourished. The preventive care process is a pedagogical model used in the Senior Alert (SA) quality register, where nutrition is one of the prioritized areas and includes four steps: assessment, analysis of underlying causes, actions performed and outcome. DESIGN: An analysis of data from SA with a pre-post design was performed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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