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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351911/does-context-matter-convergent-and-divergent-findings-in-the-cross-institutional-evaluation-of-graduate-teaching-assistant-professional-development-programs
#1
Todd D Reeves, Laura E Hake, Xinnian Chen, Jennifer Frederick, Kristin Rudenga, Larry H Ludlow, Clare M O'Connor
Graduate teaching assistants (GTAs) play important instructional roles in introductory science courses, yet they often have little training in pedagogy. The most common form of teaching professional development (PD) for GTAs is a presemester workshop held at the course, department, or college level. In this study, we compare the effectiveness of presemester workshops at three northeastern research universities, each of which incorporated scientific teaching as the pedagogical content framework. The comparison of GTA PD program outcomes at three different institutions is intended to test theoretical assertions about the key role of contextual factors in GTA PD efficacy...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331798/engaging-students-in-a-community-of-learning-renegotiating-the-learning-environment
#2
Karen A Theobald, Carol A Windsor, Elizabeth M Forster
Promoting student engagement in a student led environment can be challenging. This article reports on the process of design, implementation and evaluation of a student led learning approach in a small group tutorial environment in a three year Bachelor of Nursing program at an Australian university. The research employed three phases of data collection. The first phase explored student perceptions of learning and engagement in tutorials. The results informed the development of a web based learning resource...
December 27, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324939/validation-of-virtual-learning-object-to-support-the-teaching-of-nursing-care-systematization
#3
Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Camila Maria Dos Santos Mariz, Allyne Fortes Vítor, Marcos Antônio Ferreira Júnior, Maria Isabel Domingues Fernandes, José Carlos Amado Martins, Viviane Euzébia Pereira Santos
OBJECTIVE: to describe the content validation process of a Virtual Learning Object to support the teaching of nursing care systematization to nursing professionals. METHOD: methodological study, with quantitative approach, developed according to the methodological reference of Pasquali's psychometry and conducted from March to July 2016, from two-stage Delphi procedure. RESULTS: in the Delphi 1 stage, eight judges evaluated the Virtual Object; in Delphi 2 stage, seven judges evaluated it...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318451/bringing-the-national-security-agency-into-the-classroom-ethical-reflections-on-academia-intelligence-agency-partnerships
#4
Christopher Kampe, Gwendolynne Reid, Paul Jones, Colleen S, Sean S, Kathleen M Vogel
Academia-intelligence agency collaborations are on the rise for a variety of reasons. These can take many forms, one of which is in the classroom, using students to stand in for intelligence analysts. Classrooms, however, are ethically complex spaces, with students considered vulnerable populations, and become even more complex when layering multiple goals, activities, tools, and stakeholders over those traditionally present. This does not necessarily mean one must shy away from academia-intelligence agency partnerships in classrooms, but that these must be conducted carefully and reflexively...
January 9, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306750/millennial-s-perspective-of-clicker-technology-in-a-nursing-classroom-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#5
Rebecca Toothaker
BACKGROUND: Nursing education is facing challenges and a shift in paradigm within the nursing classroom. Educators need to explore innovative strategies that engage students. Clickers are one tool that can enhance participation, protect anonymity, and promote learning of concepts. METHODS/DATA SOURCES: This mixed methods study evaluated nursing student's perceptions of clicker technology during lecture. This study uses a 9-item questionnaire to explore perceived levels of student perception of the technology of clickers in a nursing classroom...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306687/real-time-prediction-and-avoidance-of-secondary-crashes-under-unexpected-traffic-congestion
#6
Hyoshin Park, Ali Haghani, Siby Samuel, Michael A Knodler
According to the Federal Highway Administration, nonrecurring congestion contributes to nearly half of the overall congestion. Temporal disruptions impact the effective use of the complete roadway, due to speed reduction and rubbernecking resulting from primary incidents that in turn provoke secondary incidents. There is an additional reduction of discharge flow caused by secondary incident that significantly increases total delay. Therefore, it is important to sequentially predict the probability of secondary incidents and develop appropriate countermeasures to reduce the associated risk...
January 4, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297986/walk-the-talk-leader-behavior-in-parental-education-groups
#7
Anita Berlin, Michael Rosander, Karin Forslund Frykedal, Mia Barimani
Expectant and new parents are offered parental education groups as a way to support their transition to parenthood. Group leadership in these groups has been found to be challenging. Using a qualitative and summative design, the aim of the present study was to investigate how health professionals describe their role in parental education groups compared to their actual behavior. Thirteen health professional leaders in antenatal and child health services were interviewed. These descriptions were compared with the leaders' actual behavior in video and audio-recordings of 16 different group sessions...
January 3, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289499/an-infectious-way-to-teach-students-about-outbreaks
#8
Íde Cremin, Oliver Watson, Alastair Heffernan, Natsuko Imai, Norin Ahmed, Sandra Bivegete, Teresia Kimani, Demetris Kyriacou, Preveina Mahadevan, Rima Mustafa, Panagiota Pagoni, Marisa Sophiea, Charlie Whittaker, Leo Beacroft, Steven Riley, Matthew C Fisher
The study of infectious disease outbreaks is required to train today's epidemiologists. A typical way to introduce and explain key epidemiological concepts is through the analysis of a historical outbreak. There are, however, few training options that explicitly utilise real-time simulated stochastic outbreaks where the participants themselves comprise the dataset they subsequently analyse. In this paper, we present a teaching exercise in which an infectious disease outbreak is simulated over a five-day period and subsequently analysed...
December 9, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288521/indigenous-cultural-competence-a-dental-faculty-curriculum-review
#9
C Forsyth, M Irving, M Tennant, S Short, J Gilroy
BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians have more than double the rate of poor oral health than their non-Indigenous counterparts. Cultural competence of dental and oral health practitioners is fundamental to health care and quality of life in addressing health disparities in minority cultural groups in Australia. Higher education curricula reviews have identified the need for institutions to incorporate Indigenous culture and knowledge more widely into the curricula to improve educational outcomes for Indigenous Australians and to increase cultural competence for all students...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287684/f0-characteristics-of-newsreaders-on-varied-emotional-texts-in-tamil-language
#10
Nishanthi Gunasekaran, Prakash Boominathan, Jayashree Seethapathy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to profile speaking F0 and its variations in newsreaders on varied emotional texts. STUDY DESIGN: This study has a prospective, case-control study design. METHODS: Fifteen professional newsreaders and 15 non-newsreaders were the participants. The participants read the news bulletin that conveyed different emotions (shock, neutral, happy, and sad) in a habitual and "newsreading" voice. Speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) and F0 variations were extracted from 1620 tokens using Praat software (version 5...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285877/rna-isolation-from-plant-tissues-a-hands-on-laboratory-experimental-experience-for-undergraduates
#11
Nianhui Zhang, Dong Yu, Xiaofeng Zhu
The practice of RNA isolation in undergraduate experimental courses is rare because of the existence of robust, ubiquitous and stable ribonucleases. We reported here modifications to our original protocol for RNA isolation from plant tissues, including the recovery of nucleic acids by ethanol precipitation at 0 °C for 10 min and the assessment of RNA quality by visualizing the banding profile of the separated RNAs on a standard nondenaturing agarose gel to shorten the duration of the whole procedure and simplify the operation...
December 29, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275827/simulation-and-deliberate-practice-in-a-porcine-model-for-congenital-heart-surgery-training
#12
Constantine D Mavroudis, Constantine Mavroudis, Jeffrey P Jacobs, William M DeCampli, James S Tweddell
BACKGROUND: Surgeons in training for congenital cardiac surgery face considerable challenges owing to procedure complexity, closely scrutinized outcomes, and a steep learning curve. Simulation methods have been initiated in other surgical specialties, but have yet to be established for congenital cardiac surgery trainees. The purpose of this study was to assess high-fidelity simulation as a method to train and improve skills of resident trainees learning critical components of index congenital cardiac surgical procedures...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274692/cultural-adaptation-of-a-medication-adherence-intervention-with-prisoners-living-with-hiv-in-indonesia-a-pragmatic-approach-to-intervention-development
#13
Gabriel J Culbert, Ann B Williams
Cultural adaptation is a research strategy used to tailor evidence-informed interventions for new populations and settings. We describe a pragmatic approach used to culturally adapt a nurse-led medication adherence intervention, Adherence Through Home Education and Nursing Assessment (ATHENA), for prisoners living with HIV in Indonesia. Researchers reviewed data from completed studies in Indonesia and identified core components of the ATHENA intervention considered essential for effectiveness. Adaptations likely to render ATHENA acceptable and feasible in the Indonesian prison setting were proposed...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274068/individual-supervision-to-enhance-reflexivity-and-the-practice-of-patient-centered-care-experience-at-the-undergraduate-level
#14
Alexandre Berney, Céline Bourquin
This article reports on what is at work during individual supervision of medical students in the context of teaching breaking bad news (BBN). Surprisingly, there is a relative lack of research and report on the topic of supervision, even though it is regularly used in medical training. Building on our research and teaching experience on BBN at the undergraduate level, as well as interviews of supervisors, the following key elements have been identified: learning objectives (e.g., raising student awareness of structural elements of the interview, emotion (patients and students) handling), pedagogical approach (being centered on student's needs and supportive to promote already existing competences), essentials (e...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#15
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258389/training-teachers-to-teach-epidemiology-in-middle-and-high-schools
#16
Diane Marie M St George, Margarita Chukhina, Mark A Kaelin
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a workshop which was designed to prepare teachers to teach epidemiology to middle and high school students. Methods The workshop introduced the fundamental enduring understandings of epidemiology as well as a pedagogical framework for teaching it. Using an online questionnaire and telephone interviews, we assessed post-workshop outcomes. Results The majority (80%) of workshop alumni had taught epidemiology with the most common approach (52%) being the inclusion of epidemiologic concepts into other courses...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248065/it-s-no-debate-debates-are-great
#17
Eliza A Dy-Boarman, Sarah A Nisly, Tracy J Costello
INTRODUCTION: A debate can be a pedagogical method used to instill essential functions in pharmacy students. This non-traditional teaching method may help to further develop a number of skills that are highlighted in the current Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education Standards 2016 and Center for the Advancement of Pharmacy Education Educational Outcomes 2013. COMMENTARY: Debates have also been used as an educational tool in other health disciplines. Current pharmacy literature does illustrate the use of debates in various areas within the pharmacy curriculum in both required and elective courses; however, the current body of literature would suggest that debates are an underutilized teaching tool in pharmacy experiential education...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244243/metabolic-interaction-between-urea-cycle-and-citric-acid-cycle-shunt-a-guided-approach
#18
Rossana Pesi, Francesco Balestri, Piero L Ipata
This article is a guided pedagogical approach, devoted to postgraduate students specializing in biochemistry, aimed at presenting all single reactions and overall equations leading to the metabolic interaction between ureagenesis and citric acid cycle to be incorporated into a two-three lecture series about the interaction of urea cycle with other metabolic pathways. We emphasize that citrate synthetase, aconitase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase, three enzymes of the citric acid cycle are not involved, thus creating a shunt in citric acid cycle...
December 15, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240524/professionals-learning-together-with-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-a-collaborative-learning-fellowship-programme-for-healthcare-improvement
#19
Rowan Myron, Catherine French, Paul Sullivan, Ganesh Sathyamoorthy, James Barlow, Linda Pomeroy
Improving the quality of healthcare involves collaboration between many different stakeholders. Collaborative learning theory suggests that teaching different professional groups alongside each other may enable them to develop skills in how to collaborate effectively, but there is little literature on how this works in practice. Further, though it is recognised that patients play a fundamental role in quality improvement, there are few examples of where they learn together with professionals. To contribute to addressing this gap, we review a collaborative fellowship in Northwest London, designed to build capacity to improve healthcare, which enabled patients and professionals to learn together...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233320/the-description-and-evaluation-of-virtual-worlds-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-northern-sweden
#20
Maria Gustafsson, Claire Englund, Gisselle Gallego
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe and evaluate the use of a three-dimensional virtual world (3DVW) in a clinical pharmacy course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students are provided with training opportunities in simulated ward rounds and patient meetings in a 3DVW. The 3DVW enables students to practice communication with patients and colleagues in a professional manner. To evaluate the course and use of the 3DVW, an online course evaluation was completed by students after they had finished the clinical pharmacy course...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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