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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227154/teaching-cardiopulmonary-auscultation-in-workshops-using-a-virtual-patient-simulation-technology-a-pilot-study
#1
D Pereira, P Gomes, S Faria, R Cruz-Correia, M Coimbra, D Pereira, P Gomes, S Faria, R Cruz-Correia, M Coimbra, P Gomes, R Cruz-Correia, S Faria, M Coimbra, D Pereira
Auscultation is currently both a powerful screening tool, providing a cheap and quick initial assessment of a patient's clinical condition, and a hard skill to master. The teaching of auscultation in Universities is today reduced to an unsuitable number of hours. Virtual patient simulators can potentially mitigate this problem, by providing an interesting high-quality alternative to teaching with real patients or patient simulators. In this paper we evaluate the pedagogical impact of using a virtual patient simulation technology in a short workshop format for medical students, training them to detect cardiac pathologies...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225733/supporting-the-call-to-action-a-review-of-nutrition-educational-interventions-in-the-health-professions-literature-and-mededportal
#2
Timothy M Dang, Lauren A Maggio
PURPOSE: Despite calls to improve nutrition education, training for medical students is inadequate. This systematic review provides an overview of published educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals and makes recommendations for improving nutrition training. METHOD: The authors conducted a systematic review of articles (through July 16, 2015) and examined resources in MedEdPORTAL (through September 28, 2015) focused on materials published since January 2004 that describe nutrition educational interventions for undergraduate-level health professionals...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219036/-i-use-it-when-i-see-it-the-role-of-development-and-experience-in-deaf-and-hearing-children-s-understanding-of-iconic-gesture
#3
Rachel W Magid, Jennie E Pyers
Iconicity is prevalent in gesture and in sign languages, yet the degree to which children recognize and leverage iconicity for early language learning is unclear. In Experiment 1 of the current study, we presented sign-naïve 3-, 4- and 5-year-olds (n=87) with iconic shape gestures and no additional scaffolding to ask whether children can spontaneously map iconic gestures to their referents. Four- and five-year-olds, but not three-year-olds, recognized the referents of iconic shape gestures above chance. Experiment 2 asked whether preschoolers (n=93) show an advantage in fast-mapping iconic gestures compared to arbitrary ones...
February 16, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218591/explicit-or-hidden-exploring-how-occupation-is-taught-in-occupational-therapy-curricula-in-the-united-states
#4
Sheama Krishnagiri, Barb Hooper, Pollie Price, Steven D Taff, Andrea Bilics
OBJECTIVE: Occupation is considered core and threshold knowledge for occupational therapy, yet how it is conveyed through education is not well understood. This study examined how the concept of occupation was taught in occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant curricula in the United States. METHOD: Using a qualitative descriptive research design, in-depth interviews, video recordings, and artifacts of teaching occupation were collected from 25 programs, chosen using stratified random sampling...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212116/developing-a-community-of-practice-for-hiv-care-supporting-knowledge-translation-in-a-regional-training-initiative
#6
Donna M Gallagher, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Laura S Lorenz, Priyatam Piya
INTRODUCTION: Ensuring knowledgeable, skilled HIV providers is challenged by rapid advances in the field, diversity of patients and providers, and the need to retain experienced providers while training new providers. These challenges highlight the need for education strategies, including training and clinical consultation to support translation of new knowledge to practice. New England AIDS Education and Training Center (NEAETC) provides a range of educational modalities including academic peer detailing and distance support to HIV providers in six states...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211048/the-assessment-of-knowledge-and-learning-in-competence-spaces-the-gain-loss-model-for-dependent-skills
#7
Pasquale Anselmi, Luca Stefanutti, Debora de Chiusole, Egidio Robusto
The gain-loss model (GaLoM) is a formal model for assessing knowledge and learning. In its original formulation, the GaLoM assumes independence among the skills. Such an assumption is not reasonable in several domains, in which some preliminary knowledge is the foundation for other knowledge. This paper presents an extension of the GaLoM to the case in which the skills are not independent, and the dependence relation among them is described by a well-graded competence space. The probability of mastering skill s at the pretest is conditional on the presence of all skills on which s depends...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211046/teacher-structure-as-a-predictor-of-students-perceived-competence-and-autonomous-motivation-the-moderating-role-of-differentiated-instruction
#8
Frédéric Guay, Amélie Roy, Pierre Valois
BACKGROUND: An important pedagogical practice is the provision of structure (Farkas & Grolnick, 2010, Motiv. Emot., 34, 266). According to self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985, Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior, Plenum, New York, NY), structure allows students to develop perceived competence in different school subjects, which in turn facilitates the development of autonomous motivation towards these subjects and limits the development of controlled motivation...
February 17, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210923/investigating-adolescents-critical-consciousness-development-through-a-character-framework
#9
Scott Seider, Jalene Tamerat, Shelby Clark, Madora Soutter
Brazilian philosopher-educator Paulo Freire defined critical consciousness as the ability to engage in reflection and action upon the world in order to transform it. A growing body of research has found that critical consciousness is predictive of a number of important academic and civic outcomes in adolescents from oppressed groups. The present mixed methods study considered the critical consciousness development of 335 adolescents (57% female, 92% African American or Latinx) attending urban secondary schools that sought to foster their students' critical consciousness, but featured five different pedagogical approaches...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209122/effects-and-meanings-of-a-person-centred-and-health-promoting-intervention-in-home-care-services-a-study-protocol-of-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Karin Bölenius, Kristina Lämås, Per-Olof Sandman, David Edvardsson
BACKGROUND: The literature indicates that current home care service are largely task oriented with limited focus on the involvement of the older people themselves, and studies show that lack of involvement might reduce older people's quality of life. Person-centred care has been shown to improve the satisfaction with care and quality of life in older people cared for in hospitals and nursing homes, with limited published evidence about the effects and meanings of person-centred interventions in home care services for older people...
February 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206831/exploring-the-link-between-mindset-and-psychological-well-being-among-veterinary-students
#11
Rachel E Whittington, Susan Rhind, Daphne Loads, Ian Handel
This study set out to improve our understanding of potential pedagogical factors that may influence the mental health of veterinary students. Previous research has demonstrated that the type of feedback given to children by parents and teachers can strongly influence young people's beliefs in their ability to modify their intelligence-their "mindset." There is also evidence that we can change the mindset of students relating to their intelligence by changing the methods by which we teach and assess. We used a paper-based questionnaire to assess mindset and psychological well-being in veterinary students (n=148)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198965/development-of-a-virtual-learning-environment-for-cardiorespiratory-arrest-training
#12
Anazilda Carvalho da Silva, Andrea Bernardes, Yolanda Dora Martinez Évora, Maria Célia Barcellos Dalri, Alexandre Ribeiro da Silva, Camila Santana Justo Cintra Sampaio
OBJECTIVE: To develop a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) aiming at the training of nursing team workers and emergency vehicle drivers in Basic Life Support (BLS) to attend Cardiorespiratory arrest, and to evaluate the quality of its contents among specialists in the area of Emergency and Urgent care. METHOD: Applied research of technological development. The methodology used was based on the Instructional Design Model (ADDIE), which structures the teaching-learning planning in different stages (analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation)...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192818/-benefits-of-measures-to-promote-development-in-language-mathematics-and-singing-in-kindergardeners-analysis-of-data-collected-at-school-entrance-examination-in-the-county-of-biberach
#13
Ulrike Hart, Manfred Wildner, Daniela Krämer, Alexander Crispin
To evaluate the benefits of implementing measures to promote skills in the areas of language, mathematics and singing in kindergardeners by statistical analysis of data collected during the school entrance examination (ESU) of 4-5-year-old children from the county of Biberach. Study 1 employs multivariate regression analysis to analyse - in chronological order - the ESU data on 4 cohorts (2011-2014; n=7 148) of children of the Biberach county. Study 2 qualitatively compares identical data representative of the entire state of Baden-Württemberg (N=3×80 000) with the Biberach results...
February 13, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192286/superconducting-properties-of-the-s-%C3%A2-wave-state-fe-based-superconductors
#14
Yunkyu Bang, G R Stewart
Although the pairing mechanism of Fe-based superconductors (FeSCs) has not yet been settled with consensus with regard to the pairing symmetry and the superconducting (SC) gap function, the vast majority of experiments support the existence of spin-singlet sign-changing s-wave SC gaps on multi-bands ([Formula: see text]-wave state). This multi-band [Formula: see text]-wave state is a very unique gap state per se and displays numerous unexpected novel SC properties, such as a strong reduction of the coherence peak, non-trivial impurity effects, nodal-gap-like nuclear magnetic resonance signals, various Volovik effects in the specific heat (SH) and thermal conductivity, and anomalous scaling behaviors with a SH jump and condensation energy versus T c, etc...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181213/fitting-the-message-to-the-listener-children-selectively-mention-general-and-specific-facts
#15
Carolyn Baer, Ori Friedman
In three experiments, two hundred and ninety-seven 4- to 6-year-olds were asked to describe objects to a listener, and their answers were coded for the presence of general and specific facts. In Experiments 1 and 2, the listener's knowledge of the kinds of objects was manipulated. This affected references to specific facts at all ages, but only affected references to general facts in children aged 5 and older. In Experiment 3, children's goal in communicating was either pedagogical or not. Pedagogy influenced references to general information from age 4, but not references to specific information...
February 9, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176931/confident-but-not-theoretically-grounded-experienced-simulation-educators-perceptions-of-their-own-professional-development
#16
Renée Allvin, Magnus Berndtzon, Liisa Carlzon, Samuel Edelbring, Håkan Hult, Magnus Hultin, Klas Karlgren, Italo Masiello, Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt, Éva Tamás
BACKGROUND: Medical simulation enables the design of learning activities for competency areas (eg, communication and leadership) identified as crucial for future health care professionals. Simulation educators and medical teachers follow different career paths, and their education backgrounds and teaching contexts may be very different in a simulation setting. Although they have a key role in facilitating learning, information on the continuing professional development (pedagogical development) of simulation educators is not available in the literature...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176916/is-there-a-way-for-clinical-teachers-to-assist-struggling-learners-a-synthetic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Elisabeth Boileau, Christina St-Onge, Marie-Claude Audétat
Struggling medical trainees pose a challenge to clinical teachers, since these learners warrant closer supervision that is time-consuming and competes with time spent on patient care. Clinical teachers' perception that they are ill equipped to address learners' difficulties efficiently may lead to delays or even lack of remediation for these learners. Because of the paucity of evidence to guide best practices in remediation, the best approach to guide clinical teachers in the field remains to be established...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176890/contextualizing-the-relevance-of-basic-sciences-small-group-simulation-with-debrief-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students-in-an-integrated-curriculum
#18
Samara B Ginzburg, Judith Brenner, Michael Cassara, Thomas Kwiatkowski, Joanne M Willey
AIM: There has been a call for increased integration of basic and clinical sciences during preclinical years of undergraduate medical education. Despite the recognition that clinical simulation is an effective pedagogical tool, little has been reported on its use to demonstrate the relevance of basic science principles to the practice of clinical medicine. We hypothesized that simulation with an integrated science and clinical debrief used with early learners would illustrate the importance of basic science principles in clinical diagnosis and management of patients...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154544/self-regulation-cooperative-learning-and-academic-self-efficacy-interactions-to-prevent-school-failure
#19
Javier Fernandez-Rio, Jose A Cecchini, Antonio Méndez-Gimenez, David Mendez-Alonso, Jose A Prieto
Learning to learn and learning to cooperate are two important goals for individuals. Moreover, self regulation has been identified as fundamental to prevent school failure. The goal of the present study was to assess the interactions between self-regulated learning, cooperative learning and academic self-efficacy in secondary education students experiencing cooperative learning as the main pedagogical approach for at least one school year. 2.513 secondary education students (1.308 males, 1.205 females), 12-17 years old (M = 13...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154439/values-and-principles-of-teaching-critical-disability-studies-in-a-physical-therapy-curriculum-part-2-pedagogical-imperatives-and-teaching-innovations
#20
EDITORIAL
Karen K Yoshida, Hazel Self, Heather Willis, Natalie Rose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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