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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917584/pneumatoceles-in-pediatric-blunt-trauma-common-and-benign
#1
Lindsey B Armstrong, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic pneumatoceles are reported to be rare in children and to have an uncertain clinical significance. We report a single institution series of traumatic pneumatoceles to better define their frequency and clinical significance. METHODS: After obtaining approval from the IRB, data were extracted from the trauma registry of a level 1 pediatric trauma center on children diagnosed with a pulmonary contusion (International Classification of Diseases-9th edition diagnosis codes: 861...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884093/hamstring-injuries-update-article
#2
Lucio Ernlund, Lucas de Almeida Vieira
Hamstring (HS) muscle injuries are the most common injury in sports. They are correlated to long rehabilitations and have a great tendency to recur. The HS consist of the long head of the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. The patient's clinical presentation depends on the characteristics of the lesion, which may vary from strain to avulsions of the proximal insertion. The most recognized risk factor is a previous injury. Magnetic resonance imaging is the method of choice for the injury diagnosis and classification...
June 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844421/adolescent-clavicle-nonunions-potential-risk-factors-and-surgical-management
#3
Andrew T Pennock, Eric W Edmonds, Donald S Bae, Mininder S Kocher, Ying Li, Frances A Farley, Henry B Ellis, Philip L Wilson, Jeffrey Nepple, J Eric Gordon, Samuel C Willimon, Michael T Busch, David D Spence, Derek M Kelly, Nirav K Pandya, Coleen S Sabatini, Kevin G Shea, Benton E Heyworth
BACKGROUND: Clavicle nonunions in adolescent patients are exceedingly rare. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a series of clavicle nonunions from a pediatric multicenter study group to assess potential risk factors and treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of all clavicle nonunions in patients younger than 19 years was performed at 9 pediatric hospitals between 2006 and 2016. Demographic and surgical data were documented. Radiographs were evaluated for initial fracture classification, displacement, shortening, angulation, and nonunion type...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839406/an-appraisal-of-the-prevalence-and-attributes-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-permanent-anterior-teeth-among-7-14-year-old-school-children-of-north-east-delhi
#4
Kopal Garg, Namita Kalra, Rishi Tyagi, Amit Khatri, Gaurav Panwar
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, associated risk factors, characteristics, and pattern of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in the permanent anterior teeth among school children of North East Delhi area. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was done in 3000 school-going children aged 7-14 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed case history and clinical examination were performed on the entire sample population...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819829/surgical-treatment-for-symptomatic-non-ossifying-fibromas-of-the-lower-extremity-with-calcium-sulfate-grafts-in-skeletally-immature-patients
#5
Antonio Andreacchio, Flavia Alberghina, Gianluca Testa, Federico Canavese
BACKGROUND: Non-ossifying fibromas (NOFs) are common benign bone lesions found in children and adolescents. They usually involve metaphysis of long bones, tend to gradually disappear with age and usually do not require surgery, while they are not associated with pathological fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome and efficacy of a single-stage procedure, comprising curettage of the lesion and calcium sulfate pellet (CaSP) grafting, in skeletally immature patients with large, symptomatic NOF of the lower extremity, and the possible limitations of the procedure...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817410/fatty-infiltrate-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-muscles-predicts-return-to-play-in-young-athletes-with-extension-based-low-back-pain
#6
John Winslow, Andrew Getzin, Hilary Greenberger, Walter Silbert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of fatty infiltrate of the lumbar multifidus muscles (LMM) for return to play in young athletes with extension-based low back pain (EB LBP). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based sports medicine practice. PATIENTS: Sixty-two athletes, 61.3% female, and 38.7% male, mean age 14.8 years, with a primary complaint of EB LBP who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); 46...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809630/aplikace-plazmy-obohacen%C3%A3-o-trombocyty-a-leukocyty-k-later%C3%A3-ln%C3%A3-mu-epikondylu-humeru
#7
P Walder, L Paša, L Pavliska
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the application of platelet- and leukocyte-rich plasma (L-PRP) in the treatment of lateral humeral epicondyle (ERH) as compared to the administration of corticosteroid therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS It was a prospective, double-blind and randomized clinical trial. It included a total of 25 cases of ERH in 23 patients aged 18 to 60 years. They were divided into two arms: L-PRP arm with 10 cases and corticosteroid arm with 15 cases...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809629/-talar-neck-fractures-treated-using-percutaneous-screw-fixation
#8
R Veselý, M Kelbl, J Kacián, V Hulka, J Kočiš, R Kunovský
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation of nondisplaced talar neck fractures have been applied by some authors. The aim of this paper is to assess the results and complications of this minimally invasive technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the period from 2009 to 2014, twenty-one patients with a talar neck fracture were observed after closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation in the Traumatological Hospital in Brno. The mean age of the patients was 38 years (range 18-56 years)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808625/epidemiology-of-open-fractures-in-sport-one-centre-s-15-year-retrospective-study
#9
Alexander M Wood, Greg A J Robertson, Kirsty MacLeod, Anna Porter, Charles M Court-Brown
AIM: To describe the epidemiology of sport-related open fractures from one centre's adult patient population over a 15-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively-collected database was performed: The database contained information all sport-related open fractures, sustained from 1995 to 2009 in the Edinburgh, Mid and East Lothian Populations. RESULTS: Over the 15-year period, there were 85 fractures recorded in 84 patients...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770309/mri-detection-of-soleus-muscle-injuries-in-professional-football-players
#10
G Pezzotta, G Querques, A Pecorelli, R Nani, S Sironi
OBJECTIVES: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of soleus muscle injuries in symptomatic professional football players stratified according to both the Munich consensus statement and the British Athletics Muscle Injury Classification (BAMIC), and to investigate the association between specific MRI features and the "return to play" (RTP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Professional football players with an episode of acute posterior calf pain and impaired function, subsequent to sports activity, underwent ultrasound followed by MRI examination reviewed by two different radiologists with more than 10 years of experience in the musculoskeletal system...
August 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747275/classifying-glenohumeral-synovitis-a-novel-intraoperative-scoring-system
#11
Daniel E Davis, Mitchell Maltenfort, Joseph A Abboud, Charles Getz
BACKGROUND: Synovitis of the shoulder is a common entity that is poorly described. This study aims to create a simple and reliable classification system for glenohumeral synovitis, which would benefit further research related to synovitis and outcomes. METHODS: Twenty 30-second shoulder arthroscopy videos were distributed to 19 fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons. The observers responded with their years in practice, fellowship type, whether synovitis affects outcomes, and whether synovitis affects plans...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#12
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741324/-endoscopic-treatment-for-the-posterior-impingement-of-the-ankle
#13
A Cuéllar-Avaroma, M A King-Hayata, M C Martínez-de Anda, M King-Martínez, A C King-Martínez
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain on the posterior portion of the ankle is often due to posterior impingement between bony or soft tissue structures. The presence of an os trigonum or a prominent posterior apophysis of the talus can produce this impingement. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of hindfoot endoscopy in patients with a diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 24 individuals who underwent a posterior ankle endoscopic procedure during the period between 2008 and 2012, with the diagnosis of posterior ankle impingement...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730749/impact-of-the-dynamic-and-static-component-of-the-sport-practiced-for-electrocardiogram-analysis-in-screening-athletes
#14
Nicolas Maillot, Charles Guenancia, Nobila V Yameogo, Aurélie Gudjoncik, Fabien Garnier, Luc Lorgis, Frédéric Chagué, Yves Cottin
BACKGROUND: To interpret the electrocardiogram (ECG) of athletes, the recommendations of the ESC and the Seattle criteria define type-1 peculiarities, those induced by training, and type-2, those not induced by training, to rule out cardiomyopathy. The specificity of the screening was improved by Sheikh who definied "Refined Criteria", which includes a group of intermediate peculiarities. The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of static and dynamic components on the prevalence of different types of abnormalities...
July 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694076/traumatic-avulsion-of-the-flexor-digitorum-profundus-tendon-jersey-finger-a-29-cases-report
#15
C Tempelaere, M Brun, L Doursounian, J-M Feron
Traumatic avulsion of flexor digitorum profundus (jersey finger) is an uncommon injury. Our study aimed to describe functional outcomes of jersey fingers after surgical treatment. From January 2004 to 2014, we performed surgery on 32 patients who had jersey finger. Twenty-six of these patients were male and 6 were female with a mean age of 37.2years (range 16-68). Of the 32 cases, 11 were sports injuries, 16 presented on the ring finger and 13 on the little finger. Using the Leddy and Packer and Smith classifications, 16 of the injuries were type I, 4 were type II, 5 were type III, 7 were type IV...
July 7, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684053/three-step-method-for-menstrual-and-oral-contraceptive-cycle-verification
#16
Mia A Schaumberg, David G Jenkins, Xanne A K Janse de Jonge, Lynne M Emmerton, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVES: Fluctuating endogenous and exogenous ovarian hormones may influence exercise parameters; yet control and verification of ovarian hormone status is rarely reported and limits current exercise science and sports medicine research. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualised three-step method in identifying the mid-luteal or high hormone phase in endogenous and exogenous hormone cycles in recreationally-active women and determine hormone and demographic characteristics associated with unsuccessful classification...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676767/when-is-a-sprint-a-sprint-a-review-of-the-analysis-of-team-sport-athlete-activity-profile
#17
REVIEW
Alice J Sweeting, Stuart J Cormack, Stuart Morgan, Robert J Aughey
The external load of a team-sport athlete can be measured by tracking technologies, including global positioning systems (GPS), local positioning systems (LPS), and vision-based systems. These technologies allow for the calculation of displacement, velocity and acceleration during a match or training session. The accurate quantification of these variables is critical so that meaningful changes in team-sport athlete external load can be detected. High-velocity running, including sprinting, may be important for specific team-sport match activities, including evading an opponent or creating a shot on goal...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666405/neck-pain-revision-2017
#18
Peter R Blanpied, Anita R Gross, James M Elliott, Laurie Lee Devaney, Derek Clewley, David M Walton, Cheryl Sparks, Eric K Robertson
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to neck pain. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666400/neck-pain-clinical-practice-guidelines-help-ensure-quality-care
#19
(no author information available yet)
In 2008, physical therapists published the first neck pain clinical practice guidelines. These guidelines have been updated and are now available in the July 2017 issue of JOSPT. To update these guidelines, physical therapists teamed with the International Collaboration on Neck Pain to identify leading practices. These revised guidelines provide direction to clinicians as they screen, evaluate, diagnose, and make treatment-based classifications of neck pain. They also outline the best nonsurgical treatment options based on the published literature...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656321/-sports-activities-after-osteotomies-around-the-knee
#20
REVIEW
J Paul, A H Heitner, M Mauch, A B Imhoff
In the current literature, the rate of return to sports following high tibial osteotomy is high. Patients are largely able to carry out the type of exercise done before the onset of symptoms and are satisfied with the clinical outcome. In general, however, a differentiated view of the sporting ability should be made, and the different requirements of the sport should be considered. A classification according to functional and biomechanical movement analysis seems to advisable. In addition, the recommendations of the treating physician seem to have a high impact on the postoperative level of the sports activities of the patients...
June 27, 2017: Der Orthopäde
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