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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770177/tibial-plateau-fractures-fracture-patterns-and-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-tibial-plateau-fractures-in-winter-sports
#1
Philipp Jan Gebel, Malte Tryzna, Thomas Beck, Bernd Wilhelm
The purpose was to analyze tibial plateau fractures (TPF) by computed tomography (CT) by creating a frequency map (FM). We hypothesized that a FM shows clinically important aspects of involvement that are not expressed in classic classifications. 185 TPF were retrospectively evaluated in this single center study. We created a FM onto an axial template of an intact subarticular tibial plateau and separated the joint surface in 9 areas, counted the frequency of involvement. The FM gives information of location and grade of damage and expressed three major fracture areas in 76%...
March 29, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752500/arthroscopic-double-bone-block-augmentation-is-a-salvage-procedure-for-anterior-and-posterior-shoulder-instability-secondary-to-glenoid-bone-loss
#2
David Haeni, Matthieu Sanchez, Plath Johannes, Lilling Victoria, Dan Henderson, Jeremy Munji, Kalojan Petkin, Laurent Lafosse
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe a one-step arthroscopic anterior and posterior bone block augmentation technique for bidirectional shoulder instability and to present preliminary results. METHODS: Seven consecutive patients who underwent a concomitant anterior and posterior bone block procedure between 2007 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical scores, return to sport rate, and complications were assessed. Radiological outcome, with CT scan at 6 months and plain radiographs at final follow-up were reviewed...
May 11, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739303/the-utilization-of-formal-physical-therapy-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#3
Eric R Wagner, Muriel J Solberg, Laurence D Higgins
Study Design Epidemiological retrospective database study. Background It is widely believed that structured rehabilitation programs by professional therapists help guide patients through the various recovery periods after shoulder arthroplasty, speeding up their recovery and improving their final functional gains. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies providing information about the current state of physical rehabilitation use after shoulder arthroplasty. Objectives Describe the variation in physical rehabilitation utilization after total and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty and identify differences in utilization based on type of insurance (private versus public), gender, age, region of the country, and type of replacement...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739302/risk-for-lower-extremity-injury-after-concussion-a-matched-cohort-study-in-soldiers
#4
Joseph R Kardouni, Tracie L Shing, Craig J McKinnon, Dennis E Scofield, Susan P Proctor
Study Design Matched cohort study. Background Rates of lower extremity (LE) musculoskeletal injury are reportedly higher in professional and collegiate athletes following concussions. However, there is a paucity of evidence on this relationship outside of high level athletes. Objectives Examine the risk of acute LE musculoskeletal injury in Soldiers within 2 years of an incident concussion compared to matched non-concussed Soldiers. Methods This study used the medical encounter and personnel data of active duty U...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739300/does-a-diagnostic-classification-algorithm-help-to-predict-the-course-of-low-back-pain-a-study-of-danish-chiropractic-patients-with-one-year-follow-up
#5
Lisbeth Hartvigsen, Alice Kongsted, Werner Vach, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Lise Hestbaek
Study Design A prospective observational study. Background A diagnostic classification algorithm was developed by Petersen et al., consisting of 12 categories based on a standardized examination protocol with the primary purpose of identifying clinically homogeneous subgroups of low back pain (LBP). Objectives To investigate if a diagnostic classification algorithm is associated with activity limitation and LBP intensity at 2-week and 3-month follow up, and 1-year trajectories of LBP intensity, and if it improves prediction of outcome when added to a set of known predictors...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736571/clinical-management-in-early-oa
#6
Rita Grazina, Renato Andrade, Ricardo Bastos, Daniela Costa, Rogério Pereira, José Marinhas, António Maestro, João Espregueira-Mendes
Knee osteoarthritis affects an important percentage of the population throughout their life. Several factors seem to be related to the development of knee osteoarthritis including genetic predisposition, gender, age, meniscal deficiency, lower limb malalignments, joint instability, cartilage defects, and increasing sports participation. The latter has contributed to a higher prevalence of early onset of knee osteoarthritis at younger ages with this active population demanding more consistent and durable outcomes...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730745/the-heart-of-the-matter-years-saved-from-cardiovascular-and-cancer-deaths-in-an-elite-athlete-cohort-with-over-a-century-of-follow-up
#7
Juliana Antero-Jacquemin, Maja Pohar-Perme, Grégoire Rey, Jean-François Toussaint, Aurélien Latouche
To quantify the years of life saved from cardiovascular (CVD), cancer and overall deaths among elite athletes according to their main type of physiological effort performed in the Olympic Games. All French athletes participating in the Games from 1912 to 2012, with vital status validated and cause of death (if concerned) identified by the national registries were included (n = 2814, 455 died) and classified according to 6 groups of effort: POWER (continuous effort < 45 s); INTERMEDIATE (45 s ≤ continuous effort < 600 s); ENDURANCE (continuous effort ≥ 600 s); POLYVALENT (participating in different events entering different classifications), INTERMITTENT (intermittent effort, i...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730533/establishing-the-reliability-of-a-novel-battery-of-range-of-motion-tests-to-enable-evidence-based-classification-in-para-swimming
#8
Vaughan P Nicholson, Jemima G Spathis, Luke W Hogarth, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman, Sean M Tweedy, Carl J Payton, Brendan J Burkett
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reliability of swimming-specific range of movement tests developed in order to permit evidenced-based classification in the sport of para swimming. DESIGN: Test-retest intra- and inter-examiner reliability. SETTING: International Swimming training camps and university exercise science departments. PARTICIPANTS: 42 non-disabled participants (mean age 23.2 years) and 24 Para swimmers (mean age 28...
April 30, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712543/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018
#9
Robroy L Martin, Ruth Chimenti, Tyler Cuddeford, Jeff Houck, J W Matheson, Christine M McDonough, Stephen Paulseth, Dane K Wukich, Christopher R Carcia
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to midportion Achilles tendinopathy...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708977/population-prevalence-and-distribution-of-ankle-pain-and-symptomatic-radiographic-ankle-osteoarthritis-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-cross-sectional-study
#10
Charlotte Murray, Michelle Marshall, Trishna Rathod, Catherine J Bowen, Hylton B Menz, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: To identify by systematic review published prevalence estimates of radiographic ankle osteoarthritis (OA) and to subsequently estimate the prevalence of ankle pain and symptomatic, radiographic ankle OA within community-dwelling older adults from North Staffordshire, UK. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched using terms for ankle, osteoarthritis and radiography. Data regarding population, radiographic methods, definitions and prevalence estimates of ankle OA were extracted from papers meeting predetermined selection criteria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696319/danish-hip-arthroscopy-registry-predictors-of-outcome-in-patients-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-fai
#11
Bjarne Mygind-Klavsen, Bent Lund, Torsten Grønbech Nielsen, Niels Maagaard, Otto Kraemer, Per Hölmich, Søren Winge, Martin Lind
PURPOSE: Predictors of outcome after femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) surgery are not well-documented. This study presents data from the Danish Hip Arthroscopy Registry (DHAR) for such analyses. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of poor outcome after FAI surgery in a Danish FAI population. The primary hypothesis was that older patients, patients with severe cartilage damage and female patients might have inferior outcome results compared with younger patients, patients with minor cartilage damage and male patients...
April 25, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693567/optical-and-acoustic-sensor-based-3d-ball-motion-estimation-for-ball-sport-simulators-%C3%A2
#12
Sang-Woo Seo, Myunggyu Kim, Yejin Kim
Estimation of the motion of ball-shaped objects is essential for the operation of ball sport simulators. In this paper, we propose an estimation system for 3D ball motion, including speed and angle of projection, by using acoustic vector and infrared (IR) scanning sensors. Our system is comprised of three steps to estimate a ball motion: sound-based ball firing detection, sound source localization, and IR scanning for motion analysis. First, an impulsive sound classification based on the mel-frequency cepstrum and feed-forward neural network is introduced to detect the ball launch sound...
April 25, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685827/test-design-and-individual-analysis-in-wheelchair-rugby
#13
David S Haydon, Ross A Pinder, Paul N Grimshaw, William S P Robertson
OBJECTIVES: Use a task vehicle of sprint testing in wheelchair rugby (WCR) to explore the impact of small changes to test design using both group and individual analysis. DESIGN: Exploratory, repeated measures, on-court study METHOD: 25 national or international level wheelchair rugby players completed 5×5m sprints under two conditions: (i) an acceleration from standstill in their own time, and (ii) an 'active' start, simulating a key aspect of performance. Video analysis and accelerometer data were used to measure key kinematic and performance variables with a focus on the first three strokes...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662910/outcomes-and-return-to-sport-after-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-athletes
#14
Michael Saper, Stephanie Pearce, Joseph Shung, Robert Zondervan, Roger Ostrander, James R Andrews
Background: The number of adolescent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries is rising with increased participation in higher level athletics at earlier ages. With an increasing number of primary ACL reconstructions (ACLRs) comes a rise in the incidence of revision ACLRs. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical results of revision ACLR across a group of high-level adolescent athletes with at least 2-year follow-up. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627189/variations-in-mechanisms-of-injury-for-children-with-concussion
#15
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Kristy B Arbogast, Kristina B Metzger, Arlene I Greenspan, Ronni Kessler, Allison E Curry, Jeneita M Bell, Lara DePadilla, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Mark R Zonfrillo, Christina L Master
OBJECTIVES: To assess the distribution of injury mechanisms and activities among children with concussions in a large pediatric healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: All patients, age 0-17 years, who had at least 1 clinical encounter with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis of concussion in the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's electronic health record system from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2014, were selected (N = 8233) and their initial concussion-related visit identified...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627092/performance-characteristics-of-para-swimmers-how-effective-is-the-swimming-classification-system
#16
REVIEW
Brendan Burkett, Carl Payton, Peter Van de Vliet, Hannah Jarvis, Daniel Daly, Christiane Mehrkuehler, Marvin Kilian, Luke Hogarth
Swimming is one of the inaugural sports within the Olympic and Paralympic Games, the key difference between the Olympic and Paralympic games being the classification system. The aim of this study was to investigate how effective the current classification system creates clearly differentiated Paralympic competition classes, based on performance time for all swimming strokes and events. Based on the performance characteristics of swimmers within the current classification system, the relationship between impairment and swimming performance is inconsistent, potentially disadvantaging some athletes...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627091/applying-scientific-principles-to-enhance-paralympic-classification-now-and-in-the-future-a-research-primer-for-rehabilitation-specialists
#17
REVIEW
Sean M Tweedy, Mark J Connick, Emma M Beckman
Para-sport classification systems define eligibility for Para sport and provide a competition structure that controls for the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition. This article focuses on the classification of para athletes with physical impairments. Development of classification systems based on scientific evidence has only recently been made possible by adoption of a statement of the purpose of classification by the International Paralympic Committee and its member organizations. Rigorous descriptive science can improve extant systems of classification and a recently published study described a data-driven classification structure with validity superior to that of the extant system...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619792/degree-of-vision-impairment-influence-the-fight-outcomes-in-the-paralympic-judo-a-10-year-retrospective-analysis
#18
Evgeny Mashkovskiy, Ayshat Magomedova, Evgeny Achkasov
INTRODUCTION: In the International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA) judo Sports Classes B1, B2, and B3 compete against each other within weight- and gender-specific categories. B1 athletes are totally blind, whereas B2 and B3 are partially sighted. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the impact of the degree of vision impairment on fight outcomes. METHODS: We analysed 1,936 fights from official competitions and compare win ratio in fights between discordant Sports Classes...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602304/effectiveness-of-the-mckenzie-method-mechanical-diagnosis-and-therapy-for-treating-low-back-pain-literature-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
Olivier T Lam, David M Strenger, Matthew Chan-Fee, Paul Thuong Pham, Richard A Preuss, Shawn M Robbins
Study Design Literature review with meta-analysis. Background Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT), a classification-based system, aims to classify patients into homogenous subgroups to direct treatment. Objectives To examine MDT's effectiveness for improving pain and disability in patients with either acute (<12 weeks duration) or chronic (>12 weeks duration) low back pain (LBP). Methods Randomized controlled trials examining MDT in patients with LBP were identified from 6 databases. Independent investigators assessed the studies for exclusion, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581093/evolution-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-after-stroke-from-traditional-techniques-to-smart-and-personalized-home-based-information-and-communication-technology-systems-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
José M Cogollor, Javier Rojo-Lacal, Joachim Hermsdörfer, Manuel Ferre, Maria Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer, Christos Giachritsis, Alan Armstrong, Jose Manuel Breñosa Martinez, Doris Anabelle Bautista Loza, José María Sebastián
BACKGROUND: Neurological patients after stroke usually present cognitive deficits that cause dependencies in their daily living. These deficits mainly affect the performance of some of their daily activities. For that reason, stroke patients need long-term processes for their cognitive rehabilitation. Considering that classical techniques are focused on acting as guides and are dependent on help from therapists, significant efforts are being made to improve current methodologies and to use eHealth and Web-based architectures to implement information and communication technology (ICT) systems that achieve reliable, personalized, and home-based platforms to increase efficiency and level of attractiveness for patients and carers...
March 26, 2018: JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies
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