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Plagiocephaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408824/craniofacial-distraction-in-the-management-of-anterior-plagiocephaly-a-novel-idea-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Tarek Elbanoby
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work is to present a review of all reports involving the management of unicoronal synostosis with distraction osteogenesis (DO). Also, we have innovated a new method in the treatment of cases of anterior plagiocephaly at a young age using DO. METHODS: We present a case in which anterior plagiocephaly was treated by DO of both metopic and hemicoronal sutures in a 4-month-old female patient. A comprehensive systematic literature review was completed using the search terms "distraction osteogenesis," "unicoronal synostosis," "anterior plagiocephaly," and "craniosynostosis...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394478/deformational-plagiocephaly-a-review
#2
Kanlaya Ditthakasem, John C Kolar
Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is a common condition and the leading cause of head shape abnormalities in infants. It is characterized by asymmetrical distortion of the skull resulting from external forces on the back of the head. DP has become more prevalent in infants and has increased dramatically since the introduction in 1994 of the “Back to Sleep” campaign. Management of this condition is not often covered by insurance, and can be costly and lengthy; However, DP can be prevented. Early recognition and management can make a significant difference in patients’ outcomes and reduce the cost of treatment...
March 2017: Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372872/preventing-flat-headed-babies-a-commentary-on-impact-of-parent-practices-of-infant-positioning-on-head-orientation-profile-and-development-of-positional-plagiocephaly-in-healthy-term-infants
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335798/3d-morphological-change-of-skull-base-and-fronto-temporal-soft-tissue-in-the-patients-with-unicoronal-craniosynostosis-after-fronto-orbital-advancement
#4
Bin Yang, Jian Ni, Binghang Li
PURPOSE: This study aims to comprehensively evaluate the deformation of the skull base and fronto-temporal soft tissue in the patients with anterior plagiocephaly over 1 year of age by three-dimensional (3D) imaging after fronto-orbital advancement (FOA). METHODS: We quantitatively analyzed the surgical results and outcome of FOA performed in 10 patients with anterior plagiocephaly. The measurements of the skull base and fronto-temporal soft tissue were performed based on 3D computed tomography (CT) scan...
January 15, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303454/head-shape-at-age-36-months-among-children-with-and-without-a-history-of-positional-skull-deformation
#5
Brent R Collett, Brian G Leroux, Erin R Wallace, Emily Gallagher, Jason Shao, Matthew L Speltz
OBJECTIVE In this study, the authors examined head shape through age 36 months for children with and without a history of positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB). METHODS Infants with PPB (cases) were identified through a craniofacial clinic at the time of diagnosis. Infants without diagnosed PPB were identified through a participant registry. Clinician ratings of 3D cranial images were used to confirm the presence or absence of PPB. The cohort included 235 case infants (diagnosed PPB, confirmed with 3D imaging), 167 unaffected controls (no diagnosed PPB, no deformation detected), and 70 affected controls (no diagnosed PPB, discernible skull deformation)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261518/surgical-treatment-of-unicoronal-synostosis-a-simplified-technique-without-orbital-osteotomy
#6
Abdoljalil Kalantar Hormozi, Amir Daryani, Alireza Zali, Hasan Reza Mohammadi, Reza Shahverediani, Mehdi Eskandarloo
BACKGROUND: Although referrals for nonsyndromic frontal plagiocephaly have been increased during the past several years, successful surgical repair of unicoronal synostosis (UCS) remains a challenge for craniofacial surgeons. Most surgical techniques followed to correct supraorbital rim elevation and temporal constrictions are being noticed less and often require a secondary revision. But this new technique consists of correcting the affected ipsilateral frontal, temporal, and superior orbital rim areas in the first operation...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221913/facial-asymmetry-correction-with-moulded-helmet-therapy-in-infants-with-deformational-skull-base-plagiocephaly
#7
Matthias Kreutz, Brigitte Fitze, Christoph Blecher, Augello Marcello, Ruben Simon, Rebecca Cremer, Hans-Florian Zeilhofer, Christoph Kunz, Johannes Mayr
PURPOSE: The recommendation issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics in the early 1990s to position infants on their back during sleep to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has dramatically reduced the number of deaths due to SIDS but has also markedly increased the prevalence of positional skull deformation in infants. Deformation of the base of the skull occurs predominantly in very severe deformational plagiocephaly and is accompanied by facial asymmetry, as well as an altered ear position, called ear shift...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194259/a-clinical-photographic-method-to-evaluate-the-need-for-helmet-therapy-in-deformational-plagiocephaly
#8
In Kook Cho, Jeung Ryeol Eom, Jeong Woo Lee, Jung Dug Yang, Ho Yun Chung, Byung Chae Cho, Kang Young Choi
PURPOSE: With an increase in positional plagiocephaly patients, various therapy methods have been researched and helmet therapy is the most widely used and effective treatment method. To devise a method that would allow medical professionals and patients' parents to more easily identify the shape and outcomes before and after the therapy. METHODS: This study included 399 patients who had helmet therapy from November 2014 to February 2016. Patients wore a cast helmet for more than 20 hours per day...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171801/intraoperative-and-postoperative-complications-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-craniosynostosis-minimally-invasive-versus-open-surgical-procedures
#9
Sebastian Arts, Hans Delye, Erik J van Lindert
OBJECTIVE To compare minimally invasive endoscopic and open surgical procedures, to improve informed consent of parents, and to establish a baseline for further targeted improvement of surgical care, this study evaluated the complication rate and blood transfusion rate of craniosynostosis surgery in our department. METHODS A prospective complication registration database that contains a consecutive cohort of all pediatric neurosurgical procedures in the authors' neurosurgical department was used. All pediatric patients who underwent neurosurgical treatment for craniosynostosis between February 2004 and December 2014 were included...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137851/evaluation-of-positional-plagiocephaly-conventional-anthropometric-measurement-versus-laser-scanning-method
#10
Susanne Nahles, Martin Klein, Anke Yacoub, Julia Neyer
BACKGROUND: The incidence of plagiocephaly has increased in the 25 years since the "Back to Sleep" campaign in 1991 to prevent sudden infant death. Plagiocephaly is not considered to be a pathological condition. It is more of an esthetic impairment and could have potentially negative psychological or psychosocial consequences; therefore, treatment is recommended. The aim of this study is to compare conventional anthropometry and laser scanning - two different measurement methods - as diagnostic instruments for plagiocephaly...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#11
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135736/use-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-in-craniosynostosis
#12
Anil Madaree
In craniofacial surgery, a wide spectrum of pathological conditions are usually treated. The aetiology of these could be congenital, traumatic, infective, post-tumor resection, postradiation, autoimmune, iatrogenic, or other miscellaneous conditions. The surgical approach for the procedures is usually via a coronal incision. In a large proportion of the patients, the frontal bone is removed to obtain intracranial access. The frontal bone is then replaced either in its original form or in a remodeled state. In congenital conditions the supraorbital bar and frontal bone is often also removed, remodeled, and replaced...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106864/six-month-old-infants-with-deformational-plagiocephaly-do-not-differ-from-unaffected-infants-with-respect-to-vocal-control
#13
Kathleen Wermke, Christian Linz, Annette Hasenberg, Felix Kunz, Philipp Meyer-Marcotty, Tilmann Schweitzer
OBJECTIVES: The recommendation of a supine sleeping position led to a significant reduction of SIDS, but increased positional skull deformities (DP). Here, a quantitative analysis of babbling aims to complement previous studies of language-relevant competence based on items of the Bayley-scales that suggested the presence of developmental language delays in DP infants. Measures of fundamental frequency variability as proxies for vocal control are well suited for testing this assumption, since the laryngeal neuro-muscular system matures early and is coupled with brain function while working rapidly in coordinating the structures and mechanisms involved in infant sound production...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097958/unresolved-congenital-torticollis-and-its-consequences-a-report-of-2-cases
#14
Mette Hobaek Siegenthaler
Objective: The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical presentation and case management of 2 children with congenital torticollis. Clinical Features: Two male children (ages 6 and 10 years) presented to a chiropractic clinic with a history of congenital torticollis. They showed signs and symptoms of postural deficiency and developmental delay: posterior plagiocephaly, facial scoliosis, head tilt, compensatory thoracic scoliosis, decreased range of motion in the cervical spine, palpable decreased segmental motion of the upper cervical spine, and an age-related delay in throwing and catching a ball and in one-leg standing...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072040/the-functional-manual-therapy-intervention-in-infants-with-nonsynostotic-plagiocephaly-a-pilot-study
#15
Mariangela Billi, Angelo Greco, Paola Colonneli, Giordana Volpi, Donatella Valente, Giovanni Galeoto
BACKGROUND: To document the evolution of cranial asymmetries in infants with signs of nonsynostotic occipital plagiocephaly (NSOP) who were undergo to many functional manual therapy treatments (in addition to the standard positioning recommendations) as well as to determine the feasibility of this methodology to conduct an outcome research investigating the impact of this intervention for infants with NSOP. METHODS: Pilot clinical standardization project using pre-post design in which 10 infants participated...
October 25, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068968/isolated-intraorbital-frontosphenoidal-synostosis
#16
Paul A Mittermiller, Kristen W Yeom, Robert M Menard
Unilateral anterior plagiocephaly is most commonly the result of deformational plagiocephaly or unilateral coronal synostosis, a premature fusion of the frontoparietal suture. However, other sutures within the coronal ring have been implicated in producing anterior cranial asymmetries. These fusions can occur in isolation or in concert with adjacent sutures. The frontosphenoidal suture is one such suture within the coronal ring that has been involved both concomitantly with and independently of frontoparietal suture fusion...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065043/defining-and-correcting-asymmetry-in-isolated-unilateral-frontosphenoidal-synostosis-differences-in-orbital-shape-facial-scoliosis-and-skullbase-twist-compared-to-unilateral-coronal-synostosis
#17
Gerhard S Mundinger, Rachel Skladman, Tara Wenger, Craig C Birgfeld, Joseph S Gruss, Amy Lee, Richard Ellenbogen, Richard A Hopper
INTRODUCTION: Isolated frontosphenoidal synostosis (FS) is a rare cause of fronto-orbital plagiocephaly that can be challenging to distinguish from isolated unicoronal synostosis (UC). The purpose of this paper is to analyze differences in fronto-orbital dysmorphology between the 2 conditions, to describe approaches for surgical correction, and to report surgical outcomes between FS and UC patients in a casecontrol fashion. METHODS: Patients treated for craniosynostosis over a 12-year period at our institution were retrospectively evaluated under institutional review board approval...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065042/a-new-operative-one-wing-technique-to-correct-fronto-orbital-region-in-unilateral-nonsyndromic-plagiocephaly
#18
Marco Messi, Michele Luzi, Giuseppe Consorti
Anterior plagiocephaly is a premature closing of unilateral coronal suture. This premature suture fusion causes a series of cranial asymmetry and alteration of the fronto-orbital region.The authors described a new surgical technique to correct the facial asymmetry that reduces the operative time and the possible complications.In a period between 2013and 2016, 12 children affected by nonsyndromic anterior plagiocephaly were treated with this new procedure.Clinical, cranial development, and absence of postoperative complication demonstrated that one-wing surgical bone correction is a useful and innovative technique...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046205/-clinical-phenotype-and-genetic-analysis-of-med13l-syndrome
#19
Qing-Jie Meng, Xue-Lian He, Han Xiao, Qian Xia, Bo Bi, Yun Xiang
A boy aged 4 years and 2 months was found to have delayed language and motor development, instability of gait, poor eye contact, stereotyped behavior, and seizure at the age of 3 years. Physical examination showed special facial features, including plagiocephaly, blepharoptosis, wide nasal bridge, down-turned mouth corners at both sides, and low-set ears. There were only two knuckles at the little finger of the left hand. The anteroposterior and lateral films of the spine showed scoliosis; echocardiography showed ventricular septal defect; the Gesell Developmental Scale showed delayed language development and moderate intellectual disability; there were no abnormalities in the karyotype; genome-wide SNP arrays found a duplication in 12q24...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046201/-a-clinical-analysis-of-101-infants-with-plagiocephaly
#20
Wei-Wei Pan, Xiao-Mei Tong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible causes of plagiocephaly in infants and the therapeutic effect of postural correction training on plagiocephaly. METHODS: A total of 101 infants who were diagnosed with plagiocephaly were enrolled. According to the age at diagnosis, these infants were divided into 1-4 month group (31 infants), 5-8 month group (40 infants), and 9-12 month group (30 infants). The possible causes of plagiocephaly were analyzed in three groups. The cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI) before and after postural correction training was compared in three groups...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
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