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Plagiocephaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202120/-management-of-positional-head-deformity-in-31-infants
#1
Wei-Wei Pan, Xiao-Mei Tong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of postural correction training and helmet therapy in the treatment of moderate-severe positional head deformity defined as asymmetric head shape in infants. METHODS: A total of 31 infants who were diagnosed with moderate-severe plagiocephaly and/or brachiocephaly were enrolled. According to the different treatment methods, the infants were divided into helmet therapy group with 11 infants and postural correction training group with 20 infants...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141657/plagiocephaly-severity-scale-to-aid-in-clinical-treatment-recommendations
#2
Mark A Holowka, Andrew Reisner, Brian Giavedoni, Janet R Lombardo, Colleen Coulter
Studies have attempted to categorize infant cranial asymmetry in a variety of ways using both observational and quantitative techniques, but none have created a clinical tool that can serve as a treatment guide based on clinical outcomes. In 2006, a research team from Children's Healthcare of Atlanta published the results of a prospective analysis of 224 patients with cranial asymmetries and their treatment outcomes. As a continuation of the previous work, the researchers have identified a plagiocephaly severity scale based on those outcomes to assist medical professionals who treat patients with cranial abnormalities...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133641/unilateral-frontosphenoid-craniosynostosis-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Walid Radwan, Brandon P Lucke Wold, Aaron Mason, Abdul Tarabishy, Cesar A Serrano
Plagiocephaly is a common condition that affects infants. It can be broadly grouped into positional and non positional plagiocephaly Positional plagiocephaly frequently resolves without intervention. Non positional plagiocephaly resulting from craniosynostosis often requires surgical intervention. In this case report, we present a rare case of unilateral frontosphenoid craniosynostosis. We discuss the appropriate diagnostic workup, the available treatment options, and patient follow-up over time. Furthermore, we provide a detailed review of the literature discussing treatment options for aesthetic appearance as the child ages...
January 2017: Neurology (E-Cronicon)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108236/comparison-between-piezosurgery-and-conventional-osteotomy-in%C3%A2-cranioplasty-with-fronto-orbital-advancement
#4
Markus Martini, Andreas Röhrig, Rudolf Hermann Reich, Martina Messing-Jünger
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty of patients with craniosynostosis requires rapid, precise and gentle osteotomy of the skull to avoid complications and benefit the healing process. The aim of this prospective clinical study was to compare two different methods of osteotomy. Piezosurgery and conventional osteotomy were compared using an oscillating saw and high speed drill while performing cranioplasties with fronto-orbital advancement. METHODS: Thirty-four children who required cranioplasty with fronto-orbital advancement were recruited consecutively...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104626/deformational-plagiocephaly-in-normal-infants-a-systematic-review-of-causes-and-hypotheses
#5
Freia De Bock, Volker Braun, Herbert Renz-Polster
BACKGROUND: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is one of the most prevalent abnormal findings in infants and a frequent reason for parents to seek paediatric advice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and identify evidence and hypotheses on the aetiology and determinants of DP in otherwise healthy infants. DESIGN: Systematic keyword search in all major biomedical databases to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting (a) empirical research or (b) hypotheses on the aetiology of DP in healthy, term infants...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045817/review-of-5-articles-of-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-articles-in-neurosurgery-79-e623-e633-2016
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032345/zygomatic-bone-shape-in-intentional-cranial-deformations-a-model-for-the-study-of-the-interactions-between-skull-growth-and-facial-morphology
#7
S Ketoff, F Girinon, S Schlager, M Friess, T Schouman, P Rouch, R H Khonsari
Intentional cranial deformations (ICD) were obtained by exerting external mechanical constraints on the skull vault during the first years of life to permanently modify head shape. The repercussions of ICD on the face are not well described in the midfacial region. Here we assessed the shape of the zygomatic bone in different types of ICDs. We considered 14 non-deformed skulls, 19 skulls with antero-posterior deformation, nine skulls with circumferential deformation and seven skulls with Toulouse deformation...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009719/plagiocephaly-and-developmental-delay-a-systematic-review
#8
Alexandra L C Martiniuk, Cassandra Vujovich-Dunn, Miles Park, William Yu, Barbara R Lucas
OBJECTIVE: Deformational plagiocephaly (includes plagiocephaly and brachycephaly) is a common pediatric condition. Infants who present with altered head shape often experience developmental delay. It is uncertain how common developmental delay is in infants with plagiocephaly and how sustained this is, when present. This review explores the association between plagiocephaly and developmental delay to guide clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005729/assessment-of-deformational-plagiocephaly-severity-and-neonatal-developmental-delay
#9
Stefani C Fontana, Debora Daniels, Thomas Greaves, Niaman Nazir, Jeff Searl, Brian T Andrews
Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in infants has been associated with developmental delay that can last until adolescence. Despite this association and a 5-fold increase in incidence of DP over the past 2 decades, there are currently no guidelines regarding screening for developmental delay or identification of which infants with DP are at the greatest risk of delay. A prospective, nonrandomized study was performed. Infants diagnosed with DP who had no prior intervention were eligible for enrollment. Cranial deformity was measured by cross-cranial measurements using calipers, and developmental delay was measured using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940801/systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935564/high-prevalence-of-cranial-asymmetry-exists-in-infants-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#11
Megan Tang, Kimberly A Gorbutt, Ammanath Peethambaran, Lynda Yang, Virginia S Nelson, Kate Wan-Chu Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to: 1) evaluate the prevalence of cranial asymmetry (positional plagiocephaly) in infants with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP); 2) examine the association of patient demographics, arm function, and NBPP-related factors to positional plagiocephaly; and 3) determine percentage of spontaneous recovery from positional plagiocephaly and its association with arm function. METHODS: Infants < 1 year of age with NBPP and no previous exposure to plagiocephaly cranial remolding therapy or surgical intervention were recruited for this prospective cross-sectional study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848003/positional-plagiocephaly-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting-in-neonates-and-infancy-how-serious-is-it
#12
Stuart A G Roberts, Joseph D Symonds, Reema Chawla, Emma Toman, Jonathan Bishop, Guirish A Solanki
PURPOSE: We test the hypothesis that ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion significantly increases contralateral positional plagiocephaly. METHODS: We reviewed 339 children who had a VP shunt inserted at Birmingham Children's Hospital between 2006 and 2013, noting laterality of shunt insertion and frontal or occipital position. We ascertained the presence of post-operative positional plagiocephaly using the cranial vault asymmetry index. Multinomial logistic regression modelling was used to examine relationships between plagiocephaly, shunt position, gender and age...
November 15, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815732/the-course-of-skull-deformation-from-birth-to-5%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Leo A van Vlimmeren, Raoul Hh Engelbert, Maaike Pelsma, Hans Mm Groenewoud, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden
: In a continuation of a prospective longitudinal cohort study in a healthy population on the course of skull shape from birth to 24 months, at 5 years of age, 248 children participated in a follow-up assessment using plagiocephalometry (ODDI-oblique diameter difference index, CPI-cranio proportional index). Data from the original study sampled at birth, 7 weeks, 6, 12, and 24 months were used in two linear mixed models. MAIN FINDINGS: (1) if deformational plagiocephaly (ODDI <104%) and/or positional preference at 7 weeks of age are absent, normal skull shape can be predicted at 5 years of age; (2) if positional preference occurs, ODDI is the highest at 7 weeks and decreases to a stable lowest value at 2 and 5 years of age; and (3) regarding brachycephaly, all children showed the highest CPI at 6 months of age with a gradual decrease over time...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776089/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-role-of-cranial-molding-orthosis-helmet-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#14
Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776088/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-physical-therapy
#15
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776087/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-repositioning
#16
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776086/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-imaging
#17
Catherine Mazzola, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist for the imaging of patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and evidence-based guideline is to answer the question, Is imaging necessary for infants with positional plagiocephaly to make a diagnosis? METHODS: The National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried with the use of MeSH headings and key words relevant to imaging as a means to diagnose plagiocephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759675/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-role-of-cranial-molding-orthosis-helmet-therapy-for-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#18
Mandeep S Tamber, Dimitrios Nikas, Alexandra Beier, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Susan Durham, Paul Klimo, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine Mazzola, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Rachana Tyagi, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines exist on the role of cranial-molding orthosis (helmet) therapy for patients with positional plagiocephaly. OBJECTIVE: To address the clinical question: "Does helmet therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" and to make treatment recommendations based on the available evidence. METHODS: The US National Library of Medicine Medline database and the Cochrane Library were queried by using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759674/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-physical-therapy
#19
Lissa C Baird, Paul Klimo, Ann Marie Flannery, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for the treatment of positional plagiocephaly and, in particular, for the use of physical therapy for treatment. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "does physical therapy provide effective treatment for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are created based on the available evidence. METHODS: The PubMed and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to the objective of this systematic review...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759673/guidelines-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-the-role-of-repositioning
#20
Paul Klimo, Patrick Ryan Lingo, Lissa C Baird, David F Bauer, Alexandra Beier, Susan Durham, Alexander Y Lin, Catherine McClung-Smith, Laura Mitchell, Dimitrios Nikas, Mandeep S Tamber, Rachana Tyagi, Catherine Mazzola, Ann Marie Flannery
BACKGROUND: Plagiocephaly, involving positional deformity of the calvarium in infants, is one of the most common reasons for pediatric neurosurgical consultation. OBJECTIVE: To answer the question: "what is the evidence for the effectiveness of repositioning for positional plagiocephaly?" Treatment recommendations are provided based on the available evidence. METHODS: The National Library of Medicine MEDLINE database and the Cochrane Library were queried using MeSH headings and key words relevant to repositioning as a means to treat plagiocephaly and brachycephaly...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
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