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Plagiocephaly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615136/accuracy-of-measurements-used-to-quantify-cranial-asymmetry-in%C3%A2-deformational-plagiocephaly
#1
Henri Aarnivala, Ville Vuollo, Tuomo Heikkinen, Virpi Harila, Lasse Holmström, Pertti Pirttiniemi, A Marita Valkama
OBJECTIVE: Various measurements are used to quantify cranial asymmetry in deformational plagiocephaly (DP), but studies validating cut-off values and comparing the accuracy of such measurements are lacking. In this study, we compared the accuracy of four different measurements in classifying children with and without DP diagnosed by visual assessment, and sought to determine their optimal cut-off values. STUDY DESIGN: Two experts rated 407 3D craniofacial images of children aged between 3 and 36 months old using the Argenta classification...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606238/-efficacy-of-sleep-position-correction-for-treating-infants-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#2
Yan Wu, Zhi-Feng Wu, Yu-Ping Zhang, Cong-Min Zhao, Xiu-Mei Yu, Wang Yang, Zai-Xin Chen, Qiu-Ming Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of 2-month course of sleeping position correction in the treatment of positional plagiocephaly in infants aged <8 months. METHODS: A total of 73 infants with positional plagiocephaly between January 2015 and June 2016 were divided into treatment group (n=46) and control group (n=27) according to parents' wishes. The treatment group received sleeping position correction, while the control group received sleep curve mattress...
June 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574316/imaging-of-congenital-torticollis-in-infants-a-retrospective-study-of-an-institutional-protocol
#3
Nicholas Boyko, Melissa Ann Eppinger, Deborah Straka-DeMarco, Catherine Anne Mazzola
OBJECTIVE The authors' objectives in this study were to evaluate their institutional protocol and create recommendations for radiographic imaging in infants with torticollis, with or without plagiocephaly, based on a retrospective clinical analysis and literature review. METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify infants with torticollis who were evaluated by the craniofacial team. The following patients were identified: those who underwent imaging in the form of radiography, CT scanning, or MRI; those who had a secondary diagnosis or additional clinical finding as the indication for imaging; and those with persistent torticollis despite completion of recommended repositioning techniques and physical therapy (PT)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549045/effect-of-preoperative-molding-helmet-in-patients-with-sagittal-synostosis
#4
Asra Hashmi, Neena I Marupudi, Sandeep Sood, Arlene Rozzelle
BACKGROUND: In our practice, the authors found that molding helmet used for plagiocephaly preoperatively, in patients with sagittal synostosis, decreased bathrocephaly, forehead bossing, and improved posterior vertex, as well as Cephalic Index (CI). This prompted us to investigate the impact of preoperative molding helmet in patients with sagittal synostosis. METHODS: A prospective study was performed on patients undergoing surgical correction of sagittal synostosis, over a 5-year period...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484866/relationship-between-starting-age-of-cranial-remolding-orthosis-therapy-and-effectiveness-of-treatment-in-children-with-deformational-plagiocephaly
#5
Mi-Hyang Han, Jin Young Kang, Hye Young Han, Yun-Hwa Cho, Dae-Hyun Jang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal age for starting cranial-remolding-orthosis therapy in children with deformational plagiocephaly. METHODS: Medical records of 310 patients with deformational plagiocephaly were retrospectively reviewed and the initial and final cranial vault asymmetry index (CVAI), age when starting therapy, duration of therapy, mean change of CVAI, improvement rate, and treatment success were analyzed. We compared outcomes according to the groups divided by ages starting therapy...
May 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468155/plagiocephaly-severity-scale-to-aid-in-clinical-treatment-recommendations
#6
Mark A Holowka, Andrew Reisner, Brian Giavedoni, Janet R Lombardo, Colleen Coulter
Studies have attempted to categorize infant cranial asymmetry in a variety of ways using both observational and quantitative techniques, but none have created a clinical tool that can serve as a treatment guide based on clinical outcomes. In 2006, a research team from Children's Healthcare of Atlanta published the results of a prospective analysis of 224 patients with cranial asymmetries and their treatment outcomes. As a continuation of the previous work, the researchers have identified a plagiocephaly severity scale based on those outcomes to assist medical professionals who treat patients with cranial abnormalities...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434829/use-of-cutting-guides-during-craniosynostosis-sequelae-surgery-a-comparative-study-between-computer-assisted-planning-and-post-operative-results
#7
Chrystelle Queiros, Aline Joly, Arnaud Paré, Antoine Listrat, Nadine Travers, Dominique Goga, Boris Laure
BACKGROUND: The authors compared results of craniofacial reconstruction surgery using cutting guides with planned reconstruction on patients presenting craniosynostosis surgery sequelae. METHODS: This is a retrospective study performed on seven patients who had undergone craniofacial reconstructive surgery in University Hospital Center of Tours (France) in 2015. Patients had long-term sequelae of trigonocephaly and anterior plagiocephaly surgery. 3D computer model was constructed, based on CT scans and used for surgical planning...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375778/impact-of-parent-practices-of-infant-positioning-on-head-orientation-profile-and-development-of-positional-plagiocephaly-in-healthy-term-infants
#8
Amy Leung, Allison Mandrusiak, Pauline Watter, John Gavranich, Leanne M Johnston
AIMS: The influence of infant positioning on the development of head orientation and plagiocephaly is not clear. This study explored the relationship between infant body and head positioning, with the development of asymmetrical head orientation and/or positional plagiocephaly. Methods: Clinician measurement of head orientation profile and parent-reported infant positioning data were collected for 94 healthy term infants at 3, 6, and 9 weeks of age. Plagiocephaly was measured at 9 weeks with the modified Cranial Vault Asymmetry Index...
April 4, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300713/low-cost-smartphone-based-photogrammetry-for-the-analysis-of-cranial-deformation-in-infants
#9
Inés Barbero-García, José Luis Lerma, Ángel Marqués-Mateu, Pablo Miranda
BACKGROUND: Cranial deformation, including deformational plagiocephaly, brachycephaly, and craniosynostosis, is a condition that affects a large number of infants. Despite its prevalence, there are no standards for the systematic evaluation of the cranial deformation. Usually, the deformation is measured manually by the use of calipers. Experts, however, do not agree on the suitability of these measurements to correctly represent the deformation. Other methodologies for evaluation include 3-dimensional (3D) photography and radiologic scanners...
June 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236068/positional-plagiocephaly-is-associated-with-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-activation-in-healthy-term-infants
#10
Amy Leung, Allison Mandrusiak, Pauline Watter, John Gavranich, Leanne Johnston
PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between sternocleidomastoid activation and positional plagiocephaly in healthy full term infants. METHODS: Participants were 82 infants from a regionally based-longitudinal study of infant development. Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) activation was assessed using active head-righting responses of body-on-head with and against gravity and head-on-body against gravity at 3, 6 and 9 weeks. Plagiocephaly was assessed using the Modified Cranial Vault Asymmetry Index (mCVAI) at 9 weeks...
April 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202120/-management-of-positional-head-deformity-in-31-infants
#11
Wei-Wei Pan, Xiao-Mei Tong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of postural correction training and helmet therapy in the treatment of moderate-severe positional head deformity defined as asymmetric head shape in infants. METHODS: A total of 31 infants who were diagnosed with moderate-severe plagiocephaly and/or brachiocephaly were enrolled. According to the different treatment methods, the infants were divided into helmet therapy group with 11 infants and postural correction training group with 20 infants...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141657/plagiocephaly-severity-scale-to-aid-in-clinical-treatment-recommendations
#12
Mark A Holowka, Andrew Reisner, Brian Giavedoni, Janet R Lombardo, Colleen Coulter
Studies have attempted to categorize infant cranial asymmetry in a variety of ways using both observational and quantitative techniques, but none have created a clinical tool that can serve as a treatment guide based on clinical outcomes. In 2006, a research team from Children's Healthcare of Atlanta published the results of a prospective analysis of 224 patients with cranial asymmetries and their treatment outcomes. As a continuation of the previous work, the researchers have identified a plagiocephaly severity scale based on those outcomes to assist medical professionals who treat patients with cranial abnormalities...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133641/unilateral-frontosphenoid-craniosynostosis-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Walid Radwan, Brandon P Lucke Wold, Aaron Mason, Abdul Tarabishy, Cesar A Serrano
Plagiocephaly is a common condition that affects infants. It can be broadly grouped into positional and non positional plagiocephaly Positional plagiocephaly frequently resolves without intervention. Non positional plagiocephaly resulting from craniosynostosis often requires surgical intervention. In this case report, we present a rare case of unilateral frontosphenoid craniosynostosis. We discuss the appropriate diagnostic workup, the available treatment options, and patient follow-up over time. Furthermore, we provide a detailed review of the literature discussing treatment options for aesthetic appearance as the child ages...
January 2017: Neurology (E-Cronicon)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108236/comparison-between-piezosurgery-and-conventional-osteotomy-in%C3%A2-cranioplasty-with-fronto-orbital-advancement
#14
Markus Martini, Andreas Röhrig, Rudolf Hermann Reich, Martina Messing-Jünger
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty of patients with craniosynostosis requires rapid, precise and gentle osteotomy of the skull to avoid complications and benefit the healing process. The aim of this prospective clinical study was to compare two different methods of osteotomy. Piezosurgery and conventional osteotomy were compared using an oscillating saw and high speed drill while performing cranioplasties with fronto-orbital advancement. METHODS: Thirty-four children who required cranioplasty with fronto-orbital advancement were recruited consecutively...
March 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104626/deformational-plagiocephaly-in-normal-infants-a-systematic-review-of-causes-and-hypotheses
#15
Freia De Bock, Volker Braun, Herbert Renz-Polster
BACKGROUND: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is one of the most prevalent abnormal findings in infants and a frequent reason for parents to seek paediatric advice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and identify evidence and hypotheses on the aetiology and determinants of DP in otherwise healthy infants. DESIGN: Systematic keyword search in all major biomedical databases to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting (a) empirical research or (b) hypotheses on the aetiology of DP in healthy, term infants...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045817/review-of-5-articles-of-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-articles-in-neurosurgery-79-e623-e633-2016
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032345/zygomatic-bone-shape-in-intentional-cranial-deformations-a-model-for-the-study-of-the-interactions-between-skull-growth-and-facial-morphology
#17
S Ketoff, F Girinon, S Schlager, M Friess, T Schouman, P Rouch, R H Khonsari
Intentional cranial deformations (ICD) were obtained by exerting external mechanical constraints on the skull vault during the first years of life to permanently modify head shape. The repercussions of ICD on the face are not well described in the midfacial region. Here we assessed the shape of the zygomatic bone in different types of ICDs. We considered 14 non-deformed skulls, 19 skulls with antero-posterior deformation, nine skulls with circumferential deformation and seven skulls with Toulouse deformation...
April 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009719/plagiocephaly-and-developmental-delay-a-systematic-review
#18
Alexandra L C Martiniuk, Cassandra Vujovich-Dunn, Miles Park, William Yu, Barbara R Lucas
OBJECTIVE: Deformational plagiocephaly (includes plagiocephaly and brachycephaly) is a common pediatric condition. Infants who present with altered head shape often experience developmental delay. It is uncertain how common developmental delay is in infants with plagiocephaly and how sustained this is, when present. This review explores the association between plagiocephaly and developmental delay to guide clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted...
January 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005729/assessment-of-deformational-plagiocephaly-severity-and-neonatal-developmental-delay
#19
Stefani C Fontana, Debora Daniels, Thomas Greaves, Niaman Nazir, Jeff Searl, Brian T Andrews
Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in infants has been associated with developmental delay that can last until adolescence. Despite this association and a 5-fold increase in incidence of DP over the past 2 decades, there are currently no guidelines regarding screening for developmental delay or identification of which infants with DP are at the greatest risk of delay. A prospective, nonrandomized study was performed. Infants diagnosed with DP who had no prior intervention were eligible for enrollment. Cranial deformity was measured by cross-cranial measurements using calipers, and developmental delay was measured using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940801/systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-management-of-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatrics
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