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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429137/women-s-alcohol-consumption-and-cumulative-incidence-of-live-birth-following-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
L E Dodge, S A Missmer, K L Thornton, M R Hacker
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of alcohol consumption on outcomes among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: This study is a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was performed in a private academically affiliated IVF center. PATIENTS: Patients included women presenting for their first IVF cycle from July 2004 through October 2012. INTERVENTION: Women completed self-administered questionnaires before their first IVF cycle, which included report of usual alcohol consumption...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428763/adhd-lifestyles-and-comorbidities-a-call-for-an-holistic-perspective-from-medical-to-societal-intervening-factors
#2
REVIEW
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Andreja Erman, Katerina Schonova, Jiri Raboch, Michal Goetz
The review examines Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD in its Child and Adult form) and its various presentations (Hyperactive Impulsive, Inattentive, and Combined) with a particular focus on environmental (incl. social factors), lifestyles and comorbidities. It is argued that ADHD is best understood in a holistic and interactive context and a vast empirical literature is presented to illustrate the point: Environmental factors include stress in general as well as exposure to toxins (phthalates, bisphenol A)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428737/reducing-sexual-risk-behaviors-secondary-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-web-based-alcohol-intervention-for-underage-heavy-episodic-drinking-college-women
#3
Kaitlin E Bountress, Isha W Metzger, Jessica L Maples-Keller, Amanda K Gilmore
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors (SRBs) are significant problems on college campuses. College women are at particularly high risk for negative consequences associated with sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancy. METHODS: The current study (n = 160) examined the effect of a brief, web-based alcohol intervention (n = 53) for college women on reducing SRBs compared to an assessment only control (n = 107) with a randomized controlled trial...
2017: Addiction Research & Theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427955/preventing-alcohol-and-tobacco-exposed-pregnancies-choices-plus-in-primary-care
#4
Mary M Velasquez, Kirk L von Sternberg, R Louise Floyd, Danielle Parrish, Alicia Kowalchuk, Nanette S Stephens, Britta Ostermeyer, Charles Green, J Paul Seale, Patricia Dolan Mullen
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and tobacco use are common among U.S. women, yet if used during pregnancy these substances present significant preventable risks to prenatal and perinatal health. Because use of alcohol and tobacco often continue into the first trimester and beyond, especially among women with unintended pregnancies, effective evidence-based approaches are needed to decrease these risk behaviors. This study was designed to test the efficacy of CHOICES Plus, a preconception intervention for reducing the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies (AEPs and TEPs)...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426943/how-strong-is-the-evidence-for-using-blood-biomarkers-alone-to-screen-for-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#5
Helen Howlett, Sarah Abernethy, Nigel W Brown, Judith Rankin, William K Gray
Accurate and early identification of women at risk from alcohol consumption during pregnancy allows education and support programmes to be targeted at those most in need. We aimed to conduct a systematic review to compare the efficacy of blood analysis and maternal self-report in detecting at risk women during pregnancy. This review investigated diagnostic accuracy. We searched four databases (Medline, Embase, Psychinfo and CINAHL) for relevant articles and conducted hand searches of recent issues of key journals in the field...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423476/dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-secondary-analysis-of-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#6
Victoria Coathup, Kate Northstone, Ron Gray, Simon Wheeler, Lesley Smith
BACKGROUND: Large general population surveys show that heavy regular and episodic alcohol consumption are associated with lower intakes of fruits and vegetables, and higher intakes of processed and fried meat. This is of particular concern regarding pregnant women, as both alcohol intake and inadequate maternal nutrition are independently associated with adverse fetal outcomes. The current study aimed to determine associations between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421425/the-role-of-alaska-s-tribal-health-workers-in-supporting-families
#7
Miriam Chernoff, Katie Cueva
Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps) are often the sole medical workers in their communities in rural Alaska, and are instrumental in providing healthcare services and education to otherwise underserved individuals. This qualitative study explored how CHA/Ps support healthy families. Six CHA/Ps from two rural communities in western Alaska were interviewed about their scope of practice, interactions with mothers, infants, families, and teens, relationship to other medical providers, and perceptions of their work...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413697/acute-ethanol-exposure-during-late-mouse-neurodevelopment-results-in-long-term-deficits-in-memory-retrieval-but-not-in-social-responsiveness
#8
Katherine Houlé, Myshake Abdi, Erin B D Clabough
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal alcohol exposure can result in neurological changes in affected individuals and may result in the emergence of a broad spectrum of neurobehavioral abnormalities termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The effects of ethanol exposure during development are both time and dose dependent. Although many animal models of FASD use more chronic ethanol exposure, acute developmental alcohol exposure may also cause long-lasting neuronal changes. Our research employed behavioral measures to assess the effects of a single early postnatal ethanol intoxication event in mice...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412917/is-there-a-teratogenicity-risk-associated-with-cannabis-and-synthetic-cannabimimetics-spice-intake
#9
Laura Orsolini, Duccio Papanti, John Corkery, Maria Antonietta De Luca, Cristina Cadoni, Gaetano Di Chiara, Fabrizio Schifano
BACKGROUND: Substance use, including cannabis, has been documented amongst women both in the pre-conception period and during pregnancy, particularly during the 1st trimester, which is clearly the most critical period in the organogenesis. The recent emergence on the drug market of synthetic cannabimimetics/SC ('spice') may represent a new challenge for clinicians. OBJECTIVE: A literature overview on the teratogenicity profile of both cannabis and synthetic cannabimimetics was here carried out...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408072/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-pregnant-u-s-women
#10
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Robert Levy, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical use of opioids during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for women and infants, making it a prominent target for prevention and identification. Using a nationally representative sample, we determined characteristics of U.S. pregnant women who reported prescription opioid misuse in the past year or during the past month. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) in a retrospective analysis...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403801/iga-igm-responses-to-gram-negative-bacteria-are-not-associated-with-perinatal-depression-but-with-physio-somatic-symptoms-and-activation-of-the-tryptophan-catabolite-pathway-at-the-end-of-term-and-postnatal-anxiety
#11
Roomruangwong Chutima, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, George Anderson, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Michael Maes
Evidence has implicated the translocation of commensal Gram-negative bacteria (Gram-B) due to leaky gut in the pathophysiology of depression and physio-somatic symptoms (e.g. fatigue, pain, irritable bowel syndrome, malaise, etc.). In addition, the leaky gut may contribute to immune-inflammatory activation and oxidative stress. This study investigated whether bacterial translocation is associated with perinatal depression and anxiety scores and with prenatal physio-somatic symptoms and immune-inflammatory biomarkers, including the tryptophan catabolite (TRYCAT) pathway...
April 7, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403466/the-role-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-race-in-intergenerational-high-risk-smoking-behaviors
#12
Veronica A Pear, Lucia C Petito, Barbara Abrams
Introduction: A history of adversity in childhood is associated with cigarette smoking in adulthood, but there is less evidence for prenatal and next-generation offspring smoking. We investigated the association between maternal history of childhood adversity, pregnancy smoking, and early initiation of smoking in offspring, overall and by maternal race/ethnicity. Methods: Data on maternal childhood exposure to physical abuse, household alcohol abuse, and household mental illness, prenatal smoking behaviors, and offspring age of smoking initiation were analyzed from the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY79, n = 2999 mothers) and the NLSY79 Children and Young Adults Survey (NLSYCYA, n = 6596 children)...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399829/alcohol-harm-reduction-advertisements-a-content-analysis-of-topic-objective-emotional-tone-execution-and-target-audience
#13
Kimberley Dunstone, Emily Brennan, Michael D Slater, Helen G Dixon, Sarah J Durkin, Simone Pettigrew, Melanie A Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Public health mass media campaigns may contribute to reducing the health and social burden attributed to alcohol consumption, but little is known about which advertising characteristics have been used, or have been effective, in alcohol harm reduction campaigns to date. As a first step towards encouraging further research to identify the impact of various advertising characteristics, this study aimed to systematically identify and examine the content of alcohol harm reduction advertisements (ads)...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399088/-the-forensic-medical-evaluation-of-traumatic-and-spontaneous-ruptures-of-the-organs-affected-by-the-tumours
#14
Yu I Pigolkin, O V Dolzhansky, E M Pal'tseva, M A Shilova, D N Fedorov, S E Boeva
The present article was designed to report the results of the analysis of the cases of traumatic and spontaneous ruptures of the organs affected by the tumours based on the original observations and the literature data. It is shown that the probability of the tumour rupture depends on its histological type, localization, the size, and the distance from the capsule of the affected organ, the degree of involvement of the major blood vessels, the severity of the necrotic changes, the presence of cysts in the neoplasm, and the regimens of radio- and chemotherapy...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387979/prescription-contraception-use-and-adherence-by-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#15
Gillian Griffith, Tara Kumaraswami, Stavroula A Chrysanthopoulou, Kristin M Mattocks, Robin E Clark
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Unintended pregnancy rates are high among women with substance use disorders (SUDs), which could be partly explained by lower use of and adherence to contraception. We aimed to test: (1) the association of SUD with prescription contraceptive use, contraceptive method selection, and adherence; (2) whether practices participating in the Patient-Centered Medical Home Initiative (PCMHI) had better contraceptive use and adherence for patients with SUD; (3) for differences in the association of SUD with adherence by type of contraceptive used...
April 7, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387007/preventing-alcohol-exposed-pregnancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-self-administered-version-of-project-choices-with-college-students-and-nonstudents
#16
Linda Carter Sobell, Mark B Sobell, Kenneth Johnson, Nicholas Heinecke, Sangeeta Agrawal, Burt Bolton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-exposed pregnancies (AEPs) are a preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities for which many women are at risk. The initial 5-session Project CHOICES intervention was found to prevent AEPs. In the ensuing decade, there have been several additional CHOICES-like studies. The present study, Project Healthy CHOICES, had two objectives: (a) to compare outcomes for students vs. nonstudents; and (b) to test a self-administered mail-based version of the Project CHOICES intervention...
April 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383757/prenatal-and-adult-androgen-activities-in-alcohol-dependence
#17
B Lenz, C Mühle, B Braun, C Weinland, P Bouna-Pyrrou, J Behrens, S Kubis, K Mikolaiczik, M-R Muschler, S Saigali, M Sibach, P Tanovska, S E Huber, U Hoppe, A Eichler, H Heinrich, G H Moll, A Engel, T W Goecke, M W Beckmann, P A Fasching, C P Müller, J Kornhuber
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol dependence is more prevalent in men than in women. The evidence for how prenatal and adult androgens influence alcohol dependence is limited. We investigated the effects of prenatal and adult androgen activity on alcohol dependence. Moreover, we studied how the behaviours of pregnant women affect their children's prenatal androgen load. METHOD: We quantified prenatal androgen markers (e.g., second-to-fourth finger length ratio [2D : 4D]) and blood androgens in 200 early-abstinent alcohol-dependent in-patients and 240 controls (2013-2015, including a 12-month follow-up)...
April 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379884/parental-alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-leukemia-in-the-offspring-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Maria A Karalexi, Nick Dessypris, Thomas P Thomopoulos, Evangelos Ntouvelis, Maria Kantzanou, Andreas-Antonios Diamantaras, Maria Moschovi, Margarita Baka, Emmanuel Hatzipantelis, Maria Kourti, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Eftichia Stiakaki, Ana-M Mora, Victor Wunsch-Filho, Claire Infante-Rivard, Dimitrios Loutradis, Eleni Th Petridou
Parental alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy has been linked to adverse outcomes in the offspring including leukemogenesis. We, therefore, aimed to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize published data on the association of paternal consumption during preconception and maternal consumption during pregnancy with leukemia risk in childhood (0-14 years). Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we searched PubMed (until February 2016) and the reference lists of the relevant studies...
April 4, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370603/the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-population-level-antenatal-risk-factor-survey-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#19
Anna Mh Price, Hannah E Bryson, Fiona Mensah, Lynn Kemp, Lara Bishop, Sharon Goldfeld
AIM: Australian data on the prevalence and distribution of antenatal risk factors are scarce. This study aimed to investigate (i) the feasibility and acceptability of an antenatal risk factor survey collected in public settings and (ii) whether the survey risk factors co-occur with more sensitive risk factors that are privately asked by clinicians. METHODS: Design and setting: study-designed survey linked with clinician-collected risk factors. PARTICIPANTS: pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at two Victorian hospitals...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367068/from-scientific-article-to-press-release-to-media-coverage-advocating-alcohol-abstinence-and-democratising-risk-in-a-story-about-alcohol-and-pregnancy
#20
Ellie Lee, Robbie M Sutton, Bonny L Hartley
In this article, we follow the approach taken by Riesch and Spiegalhalter in "Careless pork costs lives': Risk stories from science to press release to media' published in this journal, and offer an assessment of one example of a 'risk story'. Using content and thematic qualitative analysis, we consider how the findings of an article 'Fetal Alcohol Exposure and IQ at Age 8: Evidence from a Population-Based Birth-Cohort Study' were framed in the article itself, the associated press release, and the subsequent extensive media coverage...
August 17, 2016: Health, Risk & Society
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