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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343094/effects-of-posted-point-of-sale-warnings-on-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-on-birth-outcomes
#1
Gulcan Cil
In 23 states and Washington D.C., alcohol retailers are required by law to post alcohol warning signs (AWS) that warn against the risks of drinking during pregnancy. Using the variation in the adoption of these laws across states and within states over time, I find a statistically significant reduction in prenatal alcohol use associated with AWS. I then use this plausibly exogenous change in drinking behavior to establish a causal link between prenatal alcohol exposure and birth outcomes. I find that AWS laws are associated with decreases in the odds of very low birth weight and very pre-term birth...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340039/infant-birth-outcomes-are-associated-with-dna-damage-biomarkers-as-measured-by-the-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-cytome-assay-the-dadhi-study
#2
Mansi Dass Singh, Philip Thomas, Maryam Hor, Theodora Almond, Julie Owens, William Hague, Michael Fenech
Accumulation of DNA damage in the first 1000 days may increase risk of accelerated ageing and degenerative diseases in adult life such as cancers. The extent of DNA damage in infants and the correlation of maternal factors during pregnancy with neonate birth outcomes and DNA damage is not known in infants born in Australia. Therefore, we performed a prospective cohort study to collect data on DNA damage in lymphocytes of Australian infants (aged 0, 3 and 6 months), using the cytokinesis block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay...
March 3, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339661/the-effectiveness-of-current-french-health-warnings-displayed-on-alcohol-advertisements-and-alcoholic-beverages
#3
Gloria Dossou, Karine Gallopel-Morvan, Jacques-François Diouf
Many countries use health warnings in an attempt to regulate alcohol consumption. However, there is a lack of conclusive evidence in the research on alcohol warnings to support decision-making on effective health policies. This study explores the effectiveness of two mandatory warnings introduced in France in 1991 and 2007: the first (Alcohol abuse is harmful) is displayed on alcohol advertisements; the second (a pictogram) on bottles. Given that advertising content regulations have been implemented in some countries to reduce the attractiveness of alcohol marketing (e...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338027/molar-incisor-hypomineralisation
#4
Greig D Taylor
Data sourcesThe Medline and Embase databases and hand searches in the journals International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry and European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry.Study selectionEnglish language cohort and case-control studies.Data extraction and synthesisStudy selection was carried out independently by two reviewers with data abstraction being conducted by a single reviewer and checked by a second reviewer. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Adjusted (aOR) and unadjusted odds ratios (uOR), P-values and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from the studies...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#5
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332947/mothers-with-substance-and-alcohol-abuse-support-through-pregnancy-and-early-infancy
#6
Monica Nordenfors, Ingrid Höjer
This article is about the support given to pregnant women and mothers, at an antenatal and child welfare team in Gothenburg (Sweden), specialised on working with mothers who abuse alcohol and/or other substances. The study consists of interviews with 17 women. The aim of the article is to account for how the women experienced the support they got and how they perceived the impact. The results show the importance for the staff of finding the balance between control and support and of creating a non-judgmental attitude in order to build trusting relationships with the women...
March 23, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327678/alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-and-its-predictors-in-sindhupalchowk-district-nepal
#7
K K Aryal, N Thapa, S Mehata, P Thapa, A Alvik, B Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of women in Nepal consume alcohol and homebrewed alcoholic beverages are the most common type of alcohol. Alcohol being a part of tradition and culture in Nepal and evidences suggesting even low to moderate dose of alcohol having impacts on the birth outcomes, we aimed at exploring the alcohol consumption pattern during pregnancy and postpartum period along with its predictors. METHODS: We studied all pregnant and recently delivered women using quantitative methods in selected wards within selected Village Development Committees of Sindhupalchowk district in Nepal after purposively choosing the district...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326963/the-stillbirth-classification-system-for-the-safe-passage-study
#8
Theonia K Boyd, Colleen A Wright, Hein J Odendaal, Amy J Elliott, Mary Ann Sens, Rebecca D Folkerth, Drucilla J Roberts, Hannah C Kinney
Objective Describe the classification system for assigning the cause of stillbirth in the Safe Passage Study, an international, multi-institutional, prospective analysis conducted by the NIAAA/NICHD-funded Prenatal Alcohol in SIDS and Stillbirth (PASS) Research Network. The study mission is to determine the role of prenatal alcohol and/or cigarette smoke exposure in adverse pregnancy outcomes, including stillbirth, in a high-risk cohort of 12,000 maternal/fetal dyads. Methods The PASS Network classification system is based upon 5 "sites of origin" for cause of stillbirth, further subdivided into mechanism subcategories; both are employed to assign an ultimate cause of death...
March 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323962/men1-dependent-breast-cancer-indication-for-early-screening-results-from-the-dutch-men1-study-group
#9
Rachel S van Leeuwaarde, Koen Dreijerink, Margreet G Ausems, Hanneke J Beijers, Olaf M Dekkers, Wouter W de Herder, Anouk N van der Horst-Schrivers, Madeleine L Drent, Peter H Bisschop, Bas Havekes, Petra H M Peeters, Ruud M Pijnappel, Menno R Vriens, Gerlof D Valk
Objective: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is associated with an early onset elevated breast cancer risk. This finding potentially has implications for breast cancer screening for females with MEN1. Considering the impact for females with MEN1, regarding distress and anxiety, it is necessary to assess if other risk factors are involved to identify those at greatest risk. Design: A cross-sectional case control study was performed using the Dutch MEN1 cohort, including >90% of the Dutch MEN1 population of 18 years and older...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321338/frequency-risk-factors-and-adverse-fetomaternal-outcomes-of-placenta-previa-in-northern-tanzania
#10
Elizabeth Eliet Senkoro, Amasha H Mwanamsangu, Fransisca Seraphin Chuwa, Sia Emmanuel Msuya, Oresta Peter Mnali, Benjamin G Brown, Michael Johnson Mahande
Background and Objective. Placenta previa (PP) is a potential risk factor for obstetric hemorrhage, which is a major cause of fetomaternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. This study aimed to determine frequency, risk factors, and adverse fetomaternal outcomes of placenta previa in Northern Tanzania. Methodology. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using maternally-linked data from Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre birth registry spanning 2000 to 2015. All women who gave birth to singleton infants were studied...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320597/racial-or-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-adherence-to-national-dietary-guidance-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-pregnant-women
#11
Lisa M Bodnar, Hyagriv N Simhan, Corette B Parker, Heather Meier, Brian M Mercer, William A Grobman, David M Haas, Deborah A Wing, Matthew K Hoffman, Samuel Parry, Robert M Silver, George R Saade, Ronald Wapner, Jay D Iams, Pathik D Wadhwa, Michal Elovitz, Alan M Peaceman, Sean Esplin, Shannon Barnes, Uma M Reddy
BACKGROUND: The significance of periconceptional nutrition for optimizing offspring and maternal health and reducing social inequalities warrants greater understanding of diet quality among US women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate racial or ethnic and education inequalities in periconceptional diet quality and sources of energy and micronutrients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Nulliparous Pregnancy Outcomes Study: Monitoring Mothers-to-Be cohort...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306346/risk-factors-for-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-multivariate-approach-in-a-case-control-study
#12
Irini Chatziralli, Stamatina A Kabanarou, Efstratios Parikakis, Alexandros Chatzirallis, Tina Xirou, Panagiotis Mitropoulos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to investigate the potential risk factors associated independently with central serous retinopathy (CSR) in a Greek population, using multivariate approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants in the study were 183 consecutive patients diagnosed with CSR and 183 controls, matched for age. All participants underwent complete ophthalmological examination and information regarding their sociodemographic, clinical, medical and ophthalmological history were recorded, so as to assess potential risk factors for CSR...
March 17, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299820/factors-associated-with-employment-status-before-and-during-pregnancy-implications-for-studies-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#13
Carissa M Rocheleau, Stephen J Bertke, Christina C Lawson, Paul A Romitti, Tania A Desrosiers, Aaron J Agopian, Erin Bell, Suzanne M Gilboa
BACKGROUND: Potential confounding or effect modification by employment status is frequently overlooked in pregnancy outcome studies. METHODS: To characterize how employed and non-employed women differ, we compared demographics, behaviors, and reproductive histories by maternal employment status for 8,343 mothers of control (non-malformed) infants in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (1997-2007) and developed a multivariable model for employment status anytime during pregnancy and the 3 months before conception...
April 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295774/alcohol-consumption-by-breastfeeding-mothers-frequency-correlates-and-infant-outcomes
#14
Judy Wilson, Rui Yang Tay, Clare McCormack, Steve Allsop, Jake Najman, Lucy Burns, Craig A Olsson, Elizabeth Elliott, Sue Jacobs, Richard P Mattick, Delyse Hutchinson
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is limited research regarding the effects of alcohol consumption by breastfeeding mothers on infant development. This study examined the frequency, correlates and outcomes of alcohol use during lactation. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were from an Australian cohort study. Maternal demographics and substance use were assessed during pregnancy and at 8 weeks and 12 months postpartum. Breastfeeding duration, infant feeding, sleeping and development (Ages and Stages Questionnaire) were also assessed postpartum...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283038/exploring-associations-between-prenatal-solvent-exposures-and-teenage-drug-and-alcohol-use-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Lisa G Gallagher, Thomas F Webster, Ann Aschengrau
BACKGROUND: Investigating the effects of prenatal and childhood exposures on behavioral health outcomes in adolescence is challenging given the lengthy period between the exposure and outcomes. We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Cape Cod, Massachusetts to evaluate the impact of prenatal and early childhood exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE)-contaminated drinking water on the occurrence of risk-taking behaviors as a teenager. An increased occurrence of risk-taking behaviors, particularly illicit drug use, was observed in those highly exposed to PCE...
March 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281881/alcohol-use-during-pregnancy-or-breastfeeding-a-national-survey-in-france
#16
Agnès Dumas, Stéphanie Toutain, Laurence Simmat-Durand
BACKGROUND: Adverse effects are associated with alcohol drinking during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Data are lacking on the size of the population at risk and on the characteristics of women engaging in risky behaviors such as daily consumption or repeated binge drinking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out by telephone among a nationally representative sample of pregnant and postpartum women. Frequency of alcohol use and binge drinking was retrospectively measured according to distinct time periods...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279826/description-of-sexual-orientation-and-sexual-behaviors-among-high-school-girls-in-new-york-city
#17
C A Coble, E J Silver, R Chhabra
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Examining the association of sexual orientation to the sexual practices and health behaviors of high school girls in New York City (NYC). DESIGN: /Setting/Participants: Data was drawn from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) survey of public high school students in 9-12 grades in NYC. INTERVENTIONS: none MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Independent variables include sexual orientation and gender of sexual partners...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277356/pregnancy-intention-and-maternal-alcohol-consumption
#18
Jason Pryor, Stephen W Patrick, Alexandra C Sundermann, Pingsheng Wu, Katherine E Hartmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether women planning a pregnancy are less likely to use alcohol in early pregnancy than those with unintended pregnancies. METHODS: Right From the Start (2000-2012) is a prospective, community-based pregnancy cohort. Maternal demographic, reproductive, and behavioral data were collected in telephone interviews at enrollment (mean±standard deviation 48±13 days of gestation) and later in the first trimester (mean±standard deviation 85±21 days of gestation)...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270105/economic-evaluation-of-a-behavioral-intervention-versus-brief-advice-for-substance-use-treatment-in-pregnant-women-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Xiao Xu, Kimberly A Yonkers, Jennifer Prah Ruger
BACKGROUND: Substance use in pregnancy is associated with severe maternal and fetal morbidities and substantial economic costs. However, few studies have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of substance use treatment programs in pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of a behavioral intervention that integrated motivational enhancement therapy with cognitive behavioral therapy (MET-CBT) for treatment of substance use in pregnancy, in comparison with brief advice...
March 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267895/characteristics-of-symptomatic-men-with-testicular-microlithiasis-a-danish-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#20
M R Pedersen, H Møller, S R Rafaelsen, M M B Jørgensen, P J Osther, P Vedsted
Testicular microlithiasis (TML) is an incidental finding at ultrasonography of the scrotum. A link between testicular microlithiasis and testicular cancer has been suggested. However, the majority of studies are retrospective using ultrasonography with minor data on health status and life style characteristics. Our objective was to investigate if lifestyle and health are associated with TML. In 2014, we conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey including 1538 men, who all due to testicular/scrotal symptoms had an ultrasound investigation of the scrotum during 2004-2013...
March 7, 2017: Andrology
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