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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346474/examining-non-participation-to-the-maternal-follow-up-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#1
Mette Bliddal, Zeyan Liew, Anton Pottegård, Helene Kirkegaard, Jørn Olsen, Ellen A Nohr
A follow-up questionnaire on maternal health has been distributed within the Danish National Birth Cohort (established 1996-2002) 14 years after the index birth. Answers were obtained for 41,466 of 78,010 (53.2%) eligible mothers. To ensure the appropriate use of these data, the possibility of selection bias due to non-participation must be evaluated. We estimated four selected exposure-outcome associations (pre-pregnancy weight - depression; exercise - degenerative musculoskeletal conditions; smoking - heart disease; and alcohol consumption - breast cancer)...
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346423/the-association-of-estimated-salt-intake-with-blood-pressure-in-a-viet-nam-national-survey
#2
Paul N Jensen, Tran Quoc Bao, Tran Thi Thanh Huong, Susan R Heckbert, Annette L Fitzpatrick, James P LoGerfo, Truong Le Van Ngoc, Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of salt consumption with blood pressure in Viet Nam, a developing country with a high level of salt consumption. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of a nationally representative sample of Vietnamese adults 25-65 years of age who were surveyed using the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to Surveillance protocol. Participants who reported acute illness, pregnancy, or current use of antihypertensive medications were excluded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#3
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342272/daily-decision-making-about-food-during-pregnancy-a-new-zealand-study
#4
Susan Pullon, Angela Ballantyne, Lindsay Macdonald, Christine Barthow, Kristin Wickens, Julian Crane
Pregnancy has always been a life-changing event for women and their families, but societal concern about pregnancy and motherhood has become intense in the digital age. The role of health promotion agencies and others supplying health-related resources about lifestyle behaviours is both important and in need of scrutiny. Ever increasing advice for pregnant women, their families and health professionals, abounds. This study of decision making during pregnancy investigated how women made everyday decisions during pregnancy about food and drink, as well as dietary supplements and medications, alcohol and recreational drugs...
January 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341271/review-shows-that-early-fetal-alcohol-exposure-may-cause-adverse-effects-even-when-the-mother-consumes-low-levels
#5
Ihsan Sarman
AIM: Studies are increasingly focusing on the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on child health. The aim of this review was to provide paediatricians with new insights to help them communicate key messages about avoiding alcohol during pregnancy. METHODS: Inspired by the 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, which focused on integrating research, policy and practice, we studied English language papers published since 2010 on how early PAE triggered epigenetic mechanisms that had an impact on the development of some chronic diseases...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338155/association-between-caregiver-exposure-to-toxics-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-onset-asthma-a-case-control-study
#6
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Mirna Waked, Pascale Salameh
The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between caregiver-reported use of medications, alcohol, cigarette and/or waterpipe (WP), and exposure to pesticides/detergents during pregnancy with childhood-onset asthma. The study design consisted of a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016, recruited 1503 children, aged between 3-16 years old. A questionnaire assessed the sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender, education level of both parents), the family history of asthma, and other known risk factors of asthma (heating system at home, child history of recurrent otitis, humidity in the house, child went to a daycare, smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy, exposure to pesticides and detergents)...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334961/smoke-alcohol-and-drug-addiction-and-male-fertility
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Sansone, Carla Di Dato, Cristina de Angelis, Davide Menafra, Carlotta Pozza, Rosario Pivonello, Andrea Isidori, Daniele Gianfrilli
In recent decades, the decline in human fertility has become increasingly more worrying: while therapeutic interventions might help, they are vexing for the couple and often burdened with high failure rates and costs. Prevention is the most successful approach to fertility disorders in males and females alike. We performed a literature review on three of the most common unhealthy habits - tobacco, alcohol and drug addiction - and their reported effects on male fertility. Tobacco smoking is remarkably common in most first-world countries; despite a progressive decline in the US, recent reports suggest a prevalence of more than 30% in subjects of reproductive age - a disturbing perspective, given the well-known ill-effects on reproductive and sexual function as well as general health...
January 15, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334202/lifestyle-related-factors-associated-with-reproductive-health-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatments-results-of-a-pilot-study
#8
Marie-Lou Piché, Véronique Babineau, Julie Robitaille, Émilie Lachance, Stephanie-May Ruchat
Background: The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger prospective cohort study, which will aim at determining the independent contribution of male and female lifestyle-related factors to assisted reproductive technology (ART) success. The study also examined whether couples seeking fertility treatments present lifestyle-related factors that may interfere with their reproductive health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective pilot study was conducted in a fertility clinic between May 2015 and February 2016...
April 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329365/a-formative-evaluation-of-two-fasd-prevention-communication-strategies
#9
David L Driscoll, Victoria R Barnes, Janet M Johnston, Richard Windsor, Ryan Ray
Aims: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of placing FASD prevention messages in the women's restrooms of establishments serving alcohol in Alaska and the Yukon, regions with high rates of FASD. Methods: Our team placed an FASD educational poster, and posters affixed to a pregnancy test dispenser, in women's restrooms of bars and restaurants. We compared drinking behaviors and knowledge and beliefs about FASD among participants at baseline and at follow-up...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327278/nicotinamide-inhibits-ethanol-induced-caspase-3-and-parp-1-over-activation-and-subsequent-neurodegeneration-in-the-developing-mouse-cerebellum
#10
Alessandro Ieraci, Daniel G Herrera
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the principal preventable cause of mental retardation in the western countries resulting from alcohol exposure during pregnancy. Ethanol-induced massive neuronal cell death occurs mainly in immature neurons during the brain growth spurt period. The cerebellum is one of the brain areas that are most sensitive to ethanol neurotoxicity. Currently, there is no effective treatment that targets the causes of these disorders and efficient treatments to counteract or reverse FASD are desirable...
January 11, 2018: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323604/preconception-health-indicators-for-public-health-surveillance
#11
Cheryl L Robbins, Denise D'Angelo, Lauren Zapata, Sheree L Boulet, Andrea J Sharma, Alys Adamski, Jennifer Farfalla, Caroline Stampfel, Sarah Verbiest, Charlan Kroelinger
OBJECTIVES: In response to an expressed need for more focused measurement of preconception health (PCH), we identify a condensed set of PCH indicators for state and national surveillance. METHODS: We used a systematic process to evaluate, prioritize, and select 10 PCH indicators that maternal and child health programs can use for surveillance. For each indicator, we assessed prevalence, whether it was addressed by professional recommendations, Healthy People 2020 objectives, or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention winnable battles, measurement simplicity, data completeness, and stakeholders' input...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321611/acetaldehyde-inhibits-retinoic-acid-biosynthesis-to-mediate-alcohol-teratogenicity
#12
Yehuda Shabtai, Liat Bendelac, Halim Jubran, Joseph Hirschberg, Abraham Fainsod
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy induces Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which has been proposed to arise from competitive inhibition of retinoic acid (RA) biosynthesis. We provide biochemical and developmental evidence identifying acetaldehyde as responsible for this inhibition. In the embryo, RA production by RALDH2 (ALDH1A2), the main retinaldehyde dehydrogenase expressed at that stage, is inhibited by ethanol exposure. Pharmacological inhibition of the embryonic alcohol dehydrogenase activity, prevents the oxidation of ethanol to acetaldehyde that in turn functions as a RALDH2 inhibitor...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318743/associations-between-lifestyle-factors-and-smoking-status-during-pregnancy-in-a-group-of-romanian-women
#13
S Voidazan, M Tarcea, Z Abram, M Georgescu, C Marginean, O Grama, F Buicu, F Ruţa
BACKGROUND: There is an estimated birth rate of 9.27 births/1,000 population in Romania each year, with approximately 8.4% born with low birth weight (LBW). Our purpose was to evaluate the relationships between maternal smoking and LBW and preterm birth in Mureș County, Romania. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,278 mothers who had given birth in Mureș County obstetrical wards in 2015, based on a lifestyle questionnaire of 109 items and personal and laboratory data from hospitals records...
January 10, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316991/is-dietary-macronutrient-composition-during-pregnancy-associated-with-offspring-birth-weight-an-observational-study
#14
Sukshma S Sharma, Darren C Greenwood, Nigel A B Simpson, Janet E Cade
There is lack of evidence on the differential impact of maternal macronutrient consumption: carbohydrates (CHO), fats and protein on birth weight. We investigated the association between maternal dietary macronutrient intakes and their sub-components such as saccharides and fatty acids and birth weight. This analyses included 1,196 women with singleton pregnancies who were part of the CAffeine and REproductive health study in Leeds, UK between 2003 and 2006. Women were interviewed in each trimester. Dietary information was collected twice using a 24-h dietary recall about 8-12 weeks and 13-27 weeks of gestation...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310077/characteristics-of-drug-use-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-opioid-and-non-opioid-illegal-drug-use
#15
Verena E Metz, Qiana L Brown, Silvia S Martins, Joseph J Palamar
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic in the US is affecting pregnant women and their offspring, with rising numbers of maternal and neonatal treatment episodes. The aim of this study was to characterize pregnant drug users in order to inform intervention strategies based on sociodemographic, mental health, and substance use characteristics. METHODS: Data on pregnant women aged 18-44 reporting past-year, nonmedical opioid use or use of non-opioid illegal drugs (other than marijuana) were analyzed from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014)...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305195/epigenetic-mechanisms-in-alcohol-and-adversity-induced-developmental-origins-of-neurobehavioral-functioning
#16
REVIEW
K E Boschen, S M Keller, T L Roth, A Y Klintsova
The long-term effects of developmental alcohol and stress exposure are well documented in both humans and non-human animal models. Damage to the brain and attendant life-long impairments in cognition and increased risk for psychiatric disorders are debilitating consequences of developmental exposure to alcohol and/or psychosocial stress. Here we discuss evidence for a role of epigenetic mechanisms in mediating these consequences. While we highlight some of the common ways in which stress or alcohol impact the epigenome, we point out that little is understood of the epigenome's response to experiencing both stress and alcohol exposure, though stress is a contributing factor as to why women drink during pregnancy...
January 2, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304784/ethical-aspects-of-diagnosis-and-interventions-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-and-their-families
#17
Gert Helgesson, Göran Bertilsson, Helena Domeij, Gunilla Fahlström, Emelie Heintz, Anders Hjern, Christina Nehlin Gordh, Viviann Nordin, Jenny Rangmar, Ann-Margret Rydell, Viveka Sundelin Wahlsten, Monica Hultcrantz
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term covering several conditions for which alcohol consumption during pregnancy is taken to play a causal role. The benefit of individuals being identified with a condition within FASD remains controversial. The objective of the present study was to identify ethical aspects and consequences of diagnostics, interventions, and family support in relation to FASD. METHODS: Ethical aspects relating to diagnostics, interventions, and family support regarding FASD were compiled and discussed, drawing on a series of discussions with experts in the field, published literature, and medical ethicists...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294780/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-intimate-partner-violence-among-young-women-aged-15-to-24-years-in-india-a-social-ecological-approach
#18
Peggy Ler, Muthusamy Sivakami, Joel Monárrez-Espino
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a critical public health issue that has reached epidemic proportions. Research investigating IPV among young women in India using large-scale population data is lacking. This study examined the prevalence and factors associated with IPV among women aged 15 to 24 years in India through a social-ecological approach. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from the National Family Health Survey, a population-based survey conducted in India from 2005 to 2006. The past-year prevalence of emotional, physical, and sexual forms of IPV, among ever-married women aged 15 to 24 years were computed...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289821/maternal-hair-testing-to-disclose-self-misreporting-in-drinking-and-smoking-behavior-during-pregnancy
#19
Maria Dolores Gomez-Roig, Emilia Marchei, Sally Sabra, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Luisa Mastrobattista, Simona Pichini, Eduard Gratacós, Oscar Garcia-Algar
This study aimed to objectively verify smoking and drinking behavior during pregnancy and to disclose self-misreporting through maternal hair analysis. A total of 153 women attending a university hospital in Barcelona (Spain) were selected and interviewed after delivery, on their smoking and drinking habits during pregnancy. A 9-cm hair strand was collected and analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the presence of nicotine (NIC) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) as biomarkers of tobacco and alcohol consumption, respectively...
August 31, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283947/a-study-on-environmental-factors-for-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#20
Da-Peng Xu, Wei-Dong Qu, Chao Sun, Rong-Yu Cao, Dian-Wei Liu, Ping-Gong Du
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between environmental factors and nonsyndromic cleft of the lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) in Yantai District, China. A retrospective case-control study was carried out. A total of 236 NSCL/P children were selected from Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Yantai Stomatological Hospital between September 2013 and December 2016 as cases; 209 controls were chosen from other diagnosis in the same department during the same period. The 2 groups matched age and sex...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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