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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635116/maternal-smoking-alcohol-and-caffeine-exposures-and-risk-of-hypospadias
#1
Suzan L Carmichael, Chen Ma, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined the association of hypospadias risk with maternal smoking and consumption of alcohol and caffeine. METHODS: We analyzed data from mothers of 2437 moderate/severe cases and 5472 nonmalformed controls born from 1997 to 2011 who participated in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS). Exposures were assessed by maternal telephone interviews. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) adjusted for mother's age, parity, race-ethnicity, education, vitamin/mineral supplement intake, obesity, and study center...
June 21, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634580/tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-and-its-associated-factors-in-a-mountain-district-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#2
Ramesh Barakoti, Anup Ghimire, Achyut Raj Pandey, Dharani Dhar Baral, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Tobacco using among women is more prevalent in Nepal as compared to other South-East Asian countries. The effect of its use is seen not only on the pregnant women, but also health of the growing fetus is compromised. Currently, little is known about the tobacco use among women especially during pregnancy in Nepal. This study explored the tobacco use prevalence and its associated factors during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sankhuwasabha, a mountain district of eastern Nepal...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#3
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614487/actual-and-predicted-prevalence-of-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Shannon Lange, Charlotte Probst, Navrose Heer, Michael Roerecke, Jürgen Rehm, Maristela G Monteiro, Kevin Shield, Claire de Oliveira, Svetlana Popova
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy among the general population of Latin America and the Caribbean, by country, in 2012. Methods: Three steps were taken: a comprehensive, systematic literature search; meta-analyses, assuming a random-effects model for countries with published studies; and regression modelling (data prediction) for countries with either no published studies or too few to obtain an estimate. Results: Based on 24 existing studies, the pooled prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy among the general population was estimated for Brazil (15...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609804/psychometric-properties-of-brief-screening-tests-for-alcohol-use-disorders-during-pregnancy-in-argentina
#5
Mariana Beatriz López, Aldana Lichtenberger, Karina Conde, Mariana Cremonte
Background Considering the physical, mental and behavioral problems related to fetal alcohol exposure, prenatal clinical guides suggest a brief evaluation of alcohol consumption during pregnancy to detect alcohol intake and to adjust interventions, if required. Even if any alcohol use should be considered risky during pregnancy, identifying women with alcohol use disorders is important because they could need a more specific intervention than simple advice to abstain. Most screening tests have been developed and validated in male populations and focused on the long-term consequences of heavy alcohol use, so they might be inappropriate to assess consumption in pregnant women...
June 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606206/antenatal-depressed-mood-and-child-cognitive-and-physical-growth-at-18-months-in-south-africa-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-home-visiting-by-community-health-workers
#6
M Tomlinson, M J Rotheram-Borus, A Scheffler, I le Roux
AIM: To examine the child outcomes at 18-months post-birth of a population cohort of women with antenatal depressed mood, half of whom were randomly chosen to receive perinatal home visits from community health workers during pregnancy. METHOD: Pregnant women in 24 neighbourhoods (98% participation) were randomised by neighbourhood to: (1) standard clinic care (SC; 12 neighbourhoods; n = 594) or (2) the Philani Intervention Program, a home visiting intervention plus standard care (12 neighbourhoods; n = 644)...
June 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599211/marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-2005-2014-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-findings
#7
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Gillian L Schauer, Erica N Peters
BACKGROUND: Marijuana and tobacco are the most commonly used illicit and licit drugs during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine a nationally representative sample of US pregnant women and to: (1) determine the prevalence of past month marijuana and tobacco co-use, (2) identify characteristics that distinguish marijuana and tobacco co-users from users of marijuana only, tobacco only, or neither, and (3) compare characteristics that differ between pregnant and non-pregnant co-users of marijuana and tobacco...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586842/association-between-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-craniofacial-shape-of-children-at-12-months-of-age
#8
Evelyne Muggli, Harold Matthews, Anthony Penington, Peter Claes, Colleen O'Leary, Della Forster, Susan Donath, Peter J Anderson, Sharon Lewis, Cate Nagle, Jeffrey M Craig, Susan M White, Elizabeth J Elliott, Jane Halliday
Importance: Children who receive a diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder may have a characteristic facial appearance in addition to neurodevelopmental impairment. It is not well understood whether there is a gradient of facial characteristics of children who did not receive a diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder but who were exposed to a range of common drinking patterns during pregnancy. Objective: To examine the association between dose, frequency, and timing of prenatal alcohol exposure and craniofacial phenotype in 12-month-old children...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578176/research-standardization-tools-pregnancy-measures-in-the-phenx-toolkit
#9
Ann Kinga Malinowski, Cande V Ananth, Patrick Catalano, Erin P Hines, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, John J Mulvihill, Hyagriv Simhan, Carol M Hamilton, Tabitha P Hendershot, Michael J Phillips, Lisa A Kilpatrick, Deborah R Maiese, Erin M Ramos, Rosalind J Wright, Siobhan M Dolan
Only through concerted and well-executed research endeavors can we gain the requisite knowledge to advance pregnancy care and positively impact maternal and newborn health. Yet the heterogeneity inherent in individual studies limits our ability to compare and synthesize study results, thus impeding the capacity to draw meaningful conclusions that can be trusted to inform clinical care. The PhenX Toolkit (http://www.phenxtoolkit.org), supported since 2007 by the National Institutes of Health, is a web-based catalog of standardized protocols for measuring phenotypes and exposures relevant for clinical research...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576137/characteristics-of-patients-receiving-midwife-led-prenatal-care-in-canada-results-from-the-maternity-experiences-survey-mes
#10
Peri Abdullah, Sabrina Gallant, Naseem Saghi, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of women in Canada who received care from a midwife during their prenatal period. METHODS: The findings of this study were drawn from the Maternity Experiences Survey (MES), which was a cross-sectional survey that assessed the experiences of women who gave birth between November 2005 and May 2006. The main outcome variable for this study was the prenatal care provider (i.e. midwife versus other healthcare providers)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572950/relative-validation-of-a-short-questionnaire-to-assess-the-dietary-habits-of-pregnant-american-indian-women
#11
Terryl J Hartman, Amy J Elliott, Jyoti Angal, Torin Block, Erin P Ferranti, Diane C Mitchell, Dana C Nickleach, Jean C Norris, Rosalind A Breslow
The objective of this study was to compare a short dietary screener developed to assess diet quality with interviewer-administered telephone 24-hour dietary recalls in a population of pregnant Northern Plains (NP) American Indian women. Participants were recruited from NP clinical sites of the Prenatal Alcohol and SIDS and Stillbirth (PASS) Network, as part of a large, prospective, multidisciplinary study. Prenatal PASS participants who enrolled prior to 24 weeks gestation were eligible to participate. Repeated 24-hour dietary recalls were collected using the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR) software and a short dietary screener was administered intended to capture usual dietary intake during pregnancy...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567436/-no-alcohol-is-recommended-but-health-care-students-attitudes-about-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy
#12
Kelly D Coons, Shelley L Watson, Nicole M Yantzi, Nancy E Lightfoot, Sylvie Larocque
Canadian findings suggest that health care providers require further training and education to support their work preventing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). However, the knowledge and training of health care students in relation to FASD remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to understand the attitudes and beliefs of health care students about alcohol use during pregnancy. Twenty-one health care students participated in a scenario-based vignette about alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558295/the-effect-of-spending-cuts-on-teen-pregnancy
#13
David Paton, Liam Wright
In recent years, English local authorities have been forced to make significant cuts to devolved expenditure. In this paper, we examine the impact of reductions in local expenditure on one particular public health target: reducing rates of teen pregnancy. Contrary to predictions made at the time of the cuts, panel data estimates provide no evidence that areas which reduced expenditure the most have experienced relative increases in teenage pregnancy rates. Rather, expenditure cuts are associated with small reductions in teen pregnancy rates, a result which is robust to a number of alternative specifications and tests for causality...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554529/maternal-alcohol-exposure-during-mid-pregnancy-dilates-fetal-cerebral-arteries-via-endocannabinoid-receptors
#14
Olga Seleverstov, Ana Tobiasz, J Scott Jackson, Ryan Sullivan, Dejian Ma, J Pierce Sullivan, Steven Davison, Yada Akkhawattanangkul, Danielle L Tate, Terry Costello, Stacey Barnett, Wei Li, Giancarlo Mari, Alex M Dopico, Anna N Bukiya
Prenatal alcohol exposure often results in fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Mechanisms of fetal brain damage by alcohol remain unclear. We used baboons (Papio spp.) to study alcohol-driven changes in the fetal cerebral artery endocannabinoid system. Pregnant baboons were subjected to binge alcohol exposure via gastric infusion three times during a period equivalent to the second trimester of human pregnancy. A control group was infused with orange-flavored drink that was isocaloric to the alcohol-containing solution...
June 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550648/pregnancy-outcome-in-more-than-5000-births-to-women-with-viral-hepatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-sweden
#15
Knut Stokkeland, Jonas Filip Ludvigsson, Rolf Hultcrantz, Anders Ekbom, Jonas Höijer, Matteo Bottai, Olof Stephansson
Previous studies have shown inconsistent results with respect to hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and pregnancy outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate pregnancy outcome in women with HBV or HCV. In a nationwide cohort of births between 2001 and 2011 we investigated the risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in 2990 births to women with HBV and 2056 births to women with HCV using data from Swedish healthcare registries. Births to women without HBV (n = 1090 979), and births without HCV (n = 1091 913) served as population controls...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548001/the-psychiatric-morbidity-of-women-who-give-birth-to-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-results-of-the-manitoba-mothers-and-fasd-study
#16
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sally Longstaffe, Leslie L Roos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group). METHODS: We linked population-level health and social services data to clinical data on FASD diagnoses to identify study group ( n = 702) and comparison group ( n = 2097) women matched 1:3 on date of birth of index child, region of residence, and socioeconomic status...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543690/smokeless-tobacco-consumption-and-stillbirth-population-based-case-control-study-in-rural-bangladesh
#17
Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain, Kypros Kypri, Bayzidur Rahman, Abul Hasnat Milton
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate the association between smokeless tobacco consumption (STC) during pregnancy and risk of stillbirth. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of 253 cases and 759 randomly selected control women in Madaripur, Bangladesh. We conducted a survey of two rural local government areas, including 8082 women, and identified cases based on self-report of a stillbirth outcome of each participant's first pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538937/-mother-child-relationship-and-associated-factors-hierarchical-analysis-of-the-population-base-in-a-brazilian-state-capital-brisa-study
#18
Milady Cutrim Vieira Cavalcante, Fernando Lamy, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Zeni Carvalho Lamy
Several factors can interfere in the mother-child relationship. Studies about different maternal characteristics and this relationship are scarce; they mainly evaluate women with psychopathology and use simultaneous regression models with adjustment for multiple confounders. This study aimed to assess factors associated with losses in the mother-child relationship through a cohort of 3,215 mothers of children between 15 and 36 months of age. Losses in the mother-child relationship, assessed by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, was the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic, socioeconomic, reproductive health and mental health of mothers as well as the conditions of the birth of children...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538936/-factors-associated-with-cross-nursing
#19
Mariana Pujól von Seehausen, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini
This article aims to estimate the prevalence and analyze the factors associated with cross-nursing. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 with interviews with a representative sample of mothers of infants less than one-year-old (n' = 695) attended in nine primary health units in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sociodemographic characteristics were studied; pregnancy, childbirth and primary care assistance; maternal habits and baby features. Adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) were obtained by Poisson Regression, retaining variables associated with the outcome in the final model (p ≤ 0...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536981/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-birth-outcomes-in-neonates-exposed-to-naltrexone-in-utero-a-comparison-with-methadone-buprenorphine-and-non-opioid-exposed-neonates
#20
Erin Kelty, Gary Hulse
BACKGROUND: Naltrexone may provide a suitable alternative to methadone and buprenorphine in the treatment of pregnant opioid-dependent women; however, little is known about its effects on neonatal morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the health of neonates exposed to naltrexone in utero, and compare it with outcomes in neonates exposed to methadone or buprenorphine and a non-exposed control group. METHODS: Sequential cohorts of Western Australian (WA) opioid-dependent women treated with implant naltrexone, oral methadone or sublingual buprenorphine were identified via records from a drug and alcohol clinic (Subiaco, WA) for naltrexone and state prescribing records for methadone and buprenorphine...
May 23, 2017: Drugs
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