keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International health AND pneumonia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414415/ultrasonography-for-confirmation-of-gastric-tube-placement
#1
REVIEW
Hiraku Tsujimoto, Yasushi Tsujimoto, Yukihiko Nakata, Mai Akazawa, Yuki Kataoka
BACKGROUND: Gastric tubes are commonly used for the administration of drugs and tube feeding for people who are unable to swallow. Feeding via a tube misplaced in the trachea can result in severe pneumonia. Therefore, the confirmation of tube placement in the stomach after tube insertion is important. Recent studies have reported that ultrasonography provides good diagnostic accuracy estimates in the confirmation of appropriate tube placement. Hence, ultrasound could provide a promising alternative to X-rays in the confirmation of tube placement, especially in settings where X-ray facilities are unavailable or difficult to access...
April 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385463/clinical-and-social-barriers-to-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-pulmonary-medicine-a-qualitative-study
#2
Jennifer K Broom, Alex F Broom, Emma R Kirby, Alexandra F Gibson, Jeffrey J Post
BACKGROUND: The treatment of pulmonary infections is one of the largest indications for antibiotics in human health care, offering significant potential for antibiotic optimization internationally. This study explores the perspectives of pulmonary clinicians on antibiotic use in hospital pulmonary infections. METHODS: Twenty-eight pulmonary doctors and nurses from 2 hospitals participated in semi-structured interviews focusing on their experiences of antibiotic use...
April 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385138/community-acquired-syndromes-causing-morbidity-and-mortality-in-australia%C3%A2
#3
Shweta Sharma, Emmy Sneath, Allen C Cheng, N Deborah Friedman
The clinical and economic burden of infectious diseases is a substantial public health problem. The determination of the relative contributions of these diseases to the overall healthcare burden can inform priority setting, planning, and decision-making in healthcare and establish a baseline for future comparisons. Few recent studies have presented definitive data on the incidence of infectious diseases requiring hospitalisation in the Southern Hemisphere. We identified the age-specific number of hospitalisations and severe infections requiring intensive care unit admissions in the Geelong region...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364624/biocontrol-of-the-internalization-of-salmonella-enterica-and-enterohaemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-in-mung-bean-sprouts-with-an-endophytic-bacillus-subtilis
#4
Zhenyu Shen, Azlin Mustapha, Mengshi Lin, Guolu Zheng
Internalization of Salmonella enterica and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) in seed sprouts poses a health risk to consumers, and the conventional sanitization methods are not always effective to reduce this risk. This study initiated a biocontrol approach to limit the internalization using endophytic Bacillus subtilis strains, which were isolated from the inner tissue of mung bean seeds or lettuce stems. By using the deferred agar method, 12 strains of B. subtilis out of 94 putative Bacillus isolates displayed inhibitory activity against at least one of the pathogenic indicators, S...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342349/evaluation-of-individual-and-area-level-factors-as-modifiers-of-the-association-between-warm-season-temperature-and-pediatric-asthma-morbidity-in-atlanta-ga
#5
Cassandra R O'Lenick, Andrea Winquist, Howard H Chang, Michael R Kramer, James A Mulholland, Andrew Grundstein, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have found associations between respiratory morbidity and high temperatures; however, few studies have explored associations in potentially sensitive sub-populations. METHODS: We evaluated individual and area-level factors as modifiers of the association between warm-season (May-Sept.) temperature and pediatric respiratory morbidity in Atlanta. Emergency department (ED) visit data were obtained for children, 5-18 years old, with primary diagnoses of asthma or respiratory disease (diagnoses of upper respiratory infections, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, or wheeze) in 20-county Atlanta during 1993-2012...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301676/deprescribing-versus-continuation-of-chronic-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-in-adults
#6
REVIEW
Taline A Boghossian, Farah Joy Rashid, Wade Thompson, Vivian Welch, Paul Moayyedi, Carlos Rojas-Fernandez, Kevin Pottie, Barbara Farrell
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a class of medications that reduce acid secretion and are used for treating many conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), dyspepsia, reflux esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease, and hypersecretory conditions (e.g. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome), and as part of the eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori bacteria. However, approximately 25% to 70% of people are prescribed a PPI inappropriately. Chronic PPI use without reassessment contributes to polypharmacy and puts people at risk of experiencing drug interactions and adverse events (e...
March 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296367/-burden-of-hospitalization-for-pneumonia-in-a-spanish-tertiary-hospital-period-2009-2014
#7
Miguel López-Gobernado, Alberto Pérez-Rubio, Eva López-García, Agustín Mayo-Iscar, José María Eiros
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to estimate the burden of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia and pneumococcal pneumonia at a tertiary level hospital in the Spanish National Health System. METHODS: A retrospective study which compiles data from the Minimum Data Set using clinical codes of the International Code of Diseases, as well as the hospitalization rate index per thousand inhabitants, the hospitalization rate per thousand population, mortality and fatality rate, using as denominator the demographic data of the population of the Health Area...
March 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292304/design-and-implementation-of-electronic-health-record-integrated-clinical-prediction-rules-icpr-a-randomized-trial-in-diverse-primary-care-settings
#8
David A Feldstein, Rachel Hess, Thomas McGinn, Rebecca G Mishuris, Lauren McCullagh, Paul D Smith, Michael Flynn, Joseph Palmisano, Gheorghe Doros, Devin Mann
BACKGROUND: Clinical prediction rules (CPRs) represent a method of determining individual patient risk to help providers make more accurate decisions at the point of care. Well-validated CPRs are underutilized but may decrease antibiotic overuse for acute respiratory infections. The integrated clinical prediction rules (iCPR) study builds on a previous single clinic study to integrate two CPRs into the electronic health record and assess their impact on practice. This article discusses study design and implementation of a multicenter cluster randomized control trial of the iCPR clinical decision support system, including the tool adaptation, usability testing, staff training, and implementation study to disseminate iCPR at multiple clinical sites across two health care systems...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290951/pneumonia-at-marine-corps-recruit-depots-current-trends-in-ambulatory-encounters-and-inpatient-discharges
#9
Kristen Rossi, Gosia Nowak, Asha Jindal Riegodedios
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections are recognized as a significant source of morbidity for military populations, particularly for recruits. This analysis aims to describe the pneumonia burden at Marine Corps Recruit Depots (MCRD) in Parris Island and San Diego during 2007-2014, as these two depots maintain noteworthy comparisons in vaccine and prophylaxis policies. First, both depots reinstated the adenovirus vaccine in October 2011. Second, San Diego provides the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine to all recruits within the first 2 days of arrival, although Parris Island does not routinely vaccinate for Streptococcus pneumoniae...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281427/trends-in-admissions-morbidity-and-outcomes-at-red-cross-war-memorial-children-s-hospital-cape-town-2004-2013
#10
Y Isaacs-Long, L Myer, H J Zar
BACKGROUND: Routinely collected patient information has the potential to yield valuable information about health systems and population health, but there have been few comprehensive analyses of paediatric admissions at South African (SA) hospitals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate trends in hospitalisation and outcomes at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH), a major referral hospital for children in the Western Cape and SA. Methods. Using routinely collected observational health data from the hospital informatics system, we investigated admissions between 2004 and 2013...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276619/hospital-admissions-by-the-oldest-old-past-trends-in-one-of-the-most-ageing-countries-in-the-world
#11
Daniela Brandão, Oscar Ribeiro, Alberto Freitas, Constança Paúl
AIM: To examine discharges of octogenarians, nonagenarians and centenarians from Portuguese public hospitals, namely admission type, principal diagnoses, comorbidities and length of stay. METHODS: The present study used administrative data from public acute care hospitals in the Portuguese National Health Service. All discharges of persons aged ≥80 years between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. HCUP Clinical Classifications Software was considered to aggregate principal diagnosis, and comorbidities were assessed using the Charlson Comorbidity Index computed using International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision Clinical Modification codes...
March 9, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213689/serious-fungal-infections-in-egypt
#12
S M Zaki, D W Denning
We aimed to estimate the burden of serious fungal infections in Egypt, currently unknown, based on the size of the populations at risk and available epidemiological data. Data were obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and published reports with clearcut denominators. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies of fungal infections, using previously described methodology. The population of Egypt in 2011 was ∼82,500,000; 31% children, and 8% women >60 years of age...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209197/accuracy-and-generalizability-of-using-automated-methods-for-identifying-adverse-events-from-electronic-health-record-data-a-validation-study-protocol
#13
Christian M Rochefort, David L Buckeridge, Andréanne Tanguay, Alain Biron, Frédérick D'Aragon, Shengrui Wang, Benoit Gallix, Louis Valiquette, Li-Anne Audet, Todd C Lee, Dev Jayaraman, Bruno Petrucci, Patricia Lefebvre
BACKGROUND: Adverse events (AEs) in acute care hospitals are frequent and associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and costs. Measuring AEs is necessary for quality improvement and benchmarking purposes, but current detection methods lack in accuracy, efficiency, and generalizability. The growing availability of electronic health records (EHR) and the development of natural language processing techniques for encoding narrative data offer an opportunity to develop potentially better methods...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173801/cryptococcus-gattii-molecular-type-vgii-infection-associated-with-lung-disease-in-a-goat
#14
Evelin Catarine da Silva, Juliana Mariotti Guerra, Luciana Neves Torres, Alessandra Maria Dias Lacerda, Raquel Gonçalves Gomes, Danilo Marin Rodrigues, Rodrigo Albergaria Réssio, Priscilla Anne Melville, Camila Cecilia Martin, Fernando José Benesi, Lílian Rose Marques de Sá, Bruno Cogliati
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcus gattii-induced cryptococcosis is an emerging infectious disease of humans and animals with worldwide distribution and public health importance due to its significant morbidity and mortality rate. The present study aimed to report a case of pulmonary infection by C. gattii molecular type VGII in State of São Paulo, Brazil. CASE PRESENTATION: A 5-year-old goat showing intermittent dry cough, ruminal tympany, anorexia, fever, tachycardia and tachypnea was presented for necropsy at the Veterinary Hospital of the School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil...
February 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161742/serious-fungal-infections-in-thailand
#15
M Chayakulkeeree, D W Denning
The burden of serious fungal infection in Thailand is increasing but data regarding its incidence and prevalence are lacking. In this study we aimed to estimate the burden of serious fungal diseases in Thailand based on the size of the populations at risk and available epidemiological databases. Data derived from The Bureau of Epidemiology, Department of Disease Control, Thai Ministry of Public Health, World Health Organisation, international and local reports, and some unreported data were used. When no data existed, risk populations were used to estimate frequencies of fungal infections, using previously described methodology by LIFE...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159744/effectiveness-of-fundoplication-or-gastrojejunal-feeding-in-children-with-neurologic-impairment
#16
Bryan Stone, Gabrielle Hester, Daniel Jackson, Troy Richardson, Matt Hall, Ramkiran Gouripeddi, Ryan Butcher, Ron Keren, Rajendu Srivastava
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER), aspiration, and secondary complications lead to morbidity and mortality in children with neurologic impairment (NI), dysphagia, and gastrostomy feeding. Fundoplication and gastrojejunal (GJ) feeding can reduce risk. We compared GJ to fundoplication using first-year postprocedure reflux-related hospitalization (RRH) rates. METHODS: We identified children with NI, dysphagia requiring gastrostomy tube feeding and GER undergoing initial GJ placement or fundoplication from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2012...
February 3, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137503/evaluating-the-risk-of-pneumonia-with-inhaled-corticosteroids-in-copd-retrospective-database-studies-have-their-limitations-sa
#17
REVIEW
J Bourbeau, S D Aaron, N C Barnes, K J Davis, Y Lacasse, G Nadeau
An increased risk of non-fatal pneumonia has been documented in COPD patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in randomized clinical trials. Retrospective database analyses have been conducted to evaluate this signal in larger populations treated in the community. To understand how methodological choices may influence results in observational studies, we compared two recent Canadian studies which used health administrative databases from Quebec and Ontario and came to opposite conclusions on the risk of pneumonia in ICS treated COPD patients...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122199/current-meningitis-outbreak-in-ghana-historical-perspectives-and-the-importance-of-diagnostics
#18
REVIEW
Alexander Kwarteng, John Amuasi, Augustina Annan, Samuel Ahuno, David Opare, Michael Nagel, Christof Vinnemeier, Jürgen May, Ellis Owusu-Dabo
Bacterial meningitis continues to be one of the most dreaded infections in sub-Saharan Africa and other countries that fall in the "meningitis belt" due to recurrent nature of the infection and the sequel of deliberating effects among survivors even after treatment. Ghana has had recurrent epidemics in the past but has been free from high mortality levels. Whereas reasons for the low reported number of deaths in the past are unclear, we hypothesize that it may be due to increased vaccination from expanded program on immunization (EPI) and consequent herd immunity of the general population...
May 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103325/assessing-fifty-years-of-general-health-surveillance-of-roe-deer-in-switzerland-a-retrospective-analysis-of-necropsy-reports
#19
Mirjam Pewsner, Francesco Carlo Origgi, Joachim Frey, Marie-Pierre Ryser-Degiorgis
General wildlife health surveillance is a valuable source of information on the causes of mortality, disease susceptibility and pathology of the investigated hosts and it is considered to be an essential component of early warning systems. However, the representativeness of data from such surveillance programs is known to be limited by numerous biases. The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus capreolus) is the most abundant ungulate and a major game species all over Europe. Yet, internationally available literature on roe deer pathology is scarce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099093/patients-with-infectious-endocarditis-and-drug-dependence-have-worse-clinical-outcomes-after-valvular-surgery
#20
Anthony Lemaire, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Siavash Saadat, George Batsides, Aziz Ghaly, Alan Spotnitz, Leonard Y Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients with infective endocarditis (IE) are at high risk for post-operative morbidity and death, which might be associated with drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of drug dependence on outcomes in patients who have IE and undergo valvular surgery (VS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Nationwide/National Inpatient Sample 2001-2012 was queried to select patients with IE who had elective VS using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis and procedure codes...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
keyword
keyword
77145
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"