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bicycling, athlete, performance

Guido Claessen, Frédéric Schnell, Jan Bogaert, Mathias Claeys, Nele Pattyn, Frederik De Buck, Steven Dymarkowski, Piet Claus, Francois Carré, Johan Van Cleemput, Andre La Gerche, Hein Heidbuchel
Aims: The distinction between left ventricular (LV) dilation with mildly reduced LV ejection fraction (EF) in response to regular endurance exercise training and an early cardiomyopathy is a frequently encountered and difficult clinical conundrum. We hypothesized that exercise rather than resting measures would provide better discrimination between physiological and pathological LV remodelling and that preserved exercise capacity does not exclude significant LV damage. Methods and results: We prospectively included 19 subjects with LVEF between 40 and 52%, comprising 10 ostensibly healthy endurance athletes (EA-healthy) and nine patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)...
March 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Grażyna Janikowska, Aleksandra Żebrowska, Aleksandra Kochańska-Dziurowicz, Urszula Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Regular and moderate exercise is beneficial for improving the efficiency of the heart, but high-intensity physical activity may result in cardiac changes. OBJECTIVES: This study focuses on the identification of the differences in echocardiography and blood variables before exercise, as well as the genes associated with cardiac hypertrophy at rest and in response to graded exercise test. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group was made up of 28 road cyclists...
September 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Stephen Gillinov, Muhammad Etiwy, Robert Wang, Gordon Blackburn, Dermot Phelan, A Marc Gillinov, Penny Houghtaling, Hoda Javadikasgari, Milind Y Desai
PURPOSE: Athletes and members of the public increasingly rely on wearable HR monitors to guide physical activity and training. The accuracy of newer, optically based monitors is unconfirmed. We sought to assess the accuracy of five optically based HR monitors during various types of aerobic exercise. METHODS: Fifty healthy adult volunteers (mean ± SD age = 38 ± 12 yr, 54% female) completed exercise protocols on a treadmill, a stationary bicycle, and an elliptical trainer (±arm movement)...
August 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Raphael Knaier, Juliane Schäfer, Anja Rossmeissl, Christopher Klenk, Henner Hanssen, Christoph Höchsmann, Christian Cajochen, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
Many sports competitions take place during television prime time, a time of the day when many athletes have already exceeded their time of peak performance. We assessed the effect of different light exposure modalities on physical performance and melatonin levels in athletes during prime time. Seventy-two young, male elite athletes with a median (interquartile range) age of 23 (21; 29) years and maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) of 63 (58; 66) ml/kg/min were randomly assigned to three different light exposure groups: bright light (BRIGHT), blue monochromatic light (BLUE), and control light (CONTROL)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Helmuth Haslacher, Franz Ratzinger, Thomas Perkmann, Delgerdalai Batmyagmar, Sonja Nistler, Thomas M Scherzer, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Alexander Pilger, Marlene Gerner, Vanessa Scheichenberger, Michael Kundi, Georg Endler, Oswald F Wagner, Robert Winker
Endurance sports are enjoying greater popularity, particularly among new target groups such as the elderly. Predictors of future physical capacities providing a basis for training adaptations are in high demand. We therefore aimed to estimate the future physical performance of elderly marathoners (runners/bicyclists) using a set of easily accessible standard laboratory parameters. To this end, 47 elderly marathon athletes underwent physical examinations including bicycle ergometry and a blood draw at baseline and after a three-year follow-up period...
2017: PloS One
Franck Di Rienzo, Guillaume Martinent, Lucie Levêque, Tadhg MacIntyre, Christian Collet, Aymeric Guillot
The critical importance of the start phase in bicycle motocross (BMX) racing is increasingly acknowledged. Past experiments underlined that the internal lane of the starting gate provides a strong positional advantage. However, how lane position affects start performance and cognitive and somatic state anxiety remains unexplored. We examined the start performance and anxiety responses of youth national-level BMX riders in both experimental and ecological contexts. We used contextualization motor imagery routines to evaluate start performance and state anxiety from the internal and external lanes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
О Nekhanevych, V Zhylyuk, V Logvinenko, Y Kramareva
The aim of the research was to investigate diastolic left ventricle function in athletes performing exercises requiring varying power using echocardiography. We surveyed 68 athletes aged from 12 to 27 years who were involved in swimming and volleyball. Echocardiography was used to assess cardiohaemodynamic changes in athletes using a bicycle ergometer to exercise at varying intensities. Exercising at submaximal and average power produces a proportional increase in indices of diastolic function of the heart: maximum speed of early diastolic mitral inflow streams (E) to 81,9±20,0 сm/s and maximum speed of early diastolic and mitral annulus velocity (е') to 16,6±5,7 сm/s...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
Christopher J Stevens, Kyle J M Bennett, Andrew R Novak, Aden B Kittel, Ben J Dascombe
With the draft-legal rule recently introduced to junior triathlon competition, it has become difficult to assess cycling performance through race results. Therefore, this study assessed the cycling power profile characteristics of national level junior triathletes to assist with physical assessment and program design. Thirteen male (17.0 ± 1.0 yr) and eleven female (17.2 ± 1.3 yr) national level junior triathletes completed a cycling power profile that consisted of maximal intervals that lasted 6, 15, 30, 60, 240 and 600 seconds in duration...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Rieneke Terink, Michiel G J Balvers, Maria T Hopman, Renger F Witkamp, Marco Mensink, Jacqueline M T Klein Gunnewiek
Magnesium is essential for optimal sport performance, generating an interest to monitor its status in athletes. However, before measuring magnesium status in blood could become routine, more insight into its diurnal fluctuations and effects of exercise itself is necessary. Therefore, we measured the effect of an acute bout of exercise on ionized (iMg) and total plasma magnesium (tMg) in blood obtained from 18 healthy well-trained endurance athletes (age, 31.1 ± 8.1 yr.; VO2max, 50.9 ± 7.5 ml/kg/min) at multiple time points, and compared this with a resting situation...
June 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Matthew C Miller, Paul W Macdermid, Phil W Fink, Stephen R Stannard
This study investigated the performance-related feasibility and physiological benefits of purposefully eliminating propulsive work while descending in mountain biking and compared values to those measured during road descending. Participants cycled uphill on a road at race pace before descending over three conditions (off-road pedalling; off-road coasting; road coasting). Relatively low power output during off-road pedalling was associated with a greater oxygen uptake (p < .01) when compared with off-road coasting despite no difference in vibration exposure (p > ...
April 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
Imen Fekhfekh, Abdelmoneem Yahia, Mokhtar Chaabene, Salma Jribi, Nizar Suissi, Mohamed Habib Elleuch, Sameh Ghroubi
OBJECTIVE: To study the acute effect of static and dynamic stretching on the knee muscle strength and postural capacity in athletes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen judokas performed 2 stretching protocols (static and dynamic) on the muscles of both lower limbs with an interval of 48hours in a random order. An evaluation of the dominant knee muscle strength with an isokinetic dynamometer CybexNormII was performed before and after each stretching protocol in a concentric mode at a speed of 60 and 180°/s...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Suzan Tug, Matthias Mehdorn, Susanne Helmig, Sarah Breitbach, Tobias Ehlert, Perikles Simon
PURPOSE: Intensive exercise is known to be accompanied by a rapid release of cell-free DNA (cfDNA). The physiological significance of cfDNA release for performance diagnostics has not been studied. The authors analyzed the release of cfDNA during bicycle exercise and its correlation with physiological parameters. METHODS: Eleven male athletes performed an incremental cycling test. Venous blood was collected before and immediately after exercise and after 90 min of recovery...
May 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Helmuth Haslacher, Sonja Nistler, Delgerdalai Batmyagmar, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Thomas Perkmann, Thomas M Scherzer, Michael Kundi, Georg Endler, Franz Ratzinger, Alexander Pilger, Oswald F Wagner, Robert Winker
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recent studies revealed a link between hypovitaminosis D3 and the risk for hyperglycemia. Further mechanistic and interventional investigations suggested a common reason for both conditions rather than a causal relationship. Exposure to sunlight is the most relevant source of vitamin D3 (25(OH)D), whereas adipose tissue is able to store relevant amounts of the lipophilic vitamin. Since running/bicycling leads to increased out-door time and alters physiological response mechanisms, it can be hypothesized that the correlation between hypovitaminosis D3 and hyperglycemia might be disturbed in outdoor athletes...
2016: PloS One
Stefano Caselli, Antonia Vaquer Segui, Filippo Quattrini, Barbara Di Gacinto, Alberto Milan, Riccardo Assorgi, Luisa Verdile, Antonio Spataro, Antonio Pelliccia
BACKGROUND: Exercise test is widespread performed in athletes to assess cardiovascular adaptations during effort; however, scarce information exists relative to the behavior of blood pressure during exercise in athletes. We sought to define the normal values and upper limits of blood pressure response to exercise in a large population of elite, healthy athletes. METHODS: A total of 1,876 healthy, normotensive elite athletes (aged 25 ± 6 years, 64% male) underwent a comprehensive clinical evaluation including maximal bicycle exercise test...
July 2016: American Heart Journal
Steven M Howell, Adam E Barry, William A Pitney
Compared with their nonathlete peers, collegiate athletes consume higher quantities of alcohol, drink with greater frequency, and exhibit an increased propensity to engage in heavy episodic drinking (ie, binge drinking), which often may result in alcohol-related consequences. Moreover, collegiate athletes are also more likely to engage in other maladaptive lifestyle behaviors, such as participating in physical fights and riding with an intoxicated driver, and less likely to engage in protective behaviors, such as wearing a helmet while operating a motorcycle, moped, or bicycle...
September 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Priscila Missaki Nakamura
Dyer and McKune (2013) stated that music tempo has no influence on performance, physiological, and psychophysical variables in well-trained cyclists during high intensity endurance tasks. However, there are important limitations in the methodology of the study. The participants' music preferences and tempo change were not well measured. It is not possible to affirm that music tempo does not influence athletes' performance. Potential areas of future research include: (a) use of instruments to assess the qualities of music; (b) standardizing music of tempo according to exercise type (e...
June 2015: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Marius Schild, Aaron Ruhs, Thomas Beiter, Martina Zügel, Jens Hudemann, Anna Reimer, Ilke Krumholz-Wagner, Carola Wagner, Janine Keller, Klaus Eder, Karsten Krüger, Marcus Krüger, Thomas Braun, Andreas Nieß, Jürgen Steinacker, Frank C Mooren
UNLABELLED: Morphological and metabolic adaptations of the human skeletal muscle to exercise are crucial to improve performance and prevent chronic diseases and metabolic disorders. In this study we investigated human skeletal muscle protein composition in endurance trained (ET) versus untrained individuals (UT) and its modulation by an acute bout of endurance exercise. Participants were recruited based on their VO2max and subjected to a bicycle exercise test. M. vastus lateralis biopsies were taken before and three hours after exercise...
June 3, 2015: Journal of Proteomics
Mari Sugiura Kojima, Akiko Noda, Seiko Miyata, Jun Kojima, Yuki Hara, Makoto Minoshima, Toyoaki Murohara
BACKGROUND: Stroke volume (SV) in trained athletes continuously increases with progressive exercise intensity. We studied whether physical training affected left ventricle (LV) function response to exercise using 3D echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). METHODS: Eleven male university athletes and 12 male university nonathletes were enrolled in this study. After baseline data were collected, subjects performed a symptom-limited supine bicycle ergometer exercise test...
November 2015: Echocardiography
Rodrigo R Bini, Tiago C Jacques, Marco A Vaz
CONTEXT: Unassisted single-leg cycling should be replaced by assisted single-leg cycling, given that this last approach has potential to mimic joint kinetics and kinematics from double-leg cycling. However, there is need to test if assisting devices during pedaling effectively replicate joint forces and torque from double-leg cycling. OBJECTIVES: To compare double-leg, single-leg assisted, and unassisted cycling in terms of lower-limb kinetics and kinematics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional crossover...
February 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alfred Nimmerichter, Craig A Williams
The aim of this study is to establish the level of agreement between test performance of young elite cyclists in a laboratory and a track field-based trial. Fourteen adolescent cyclists (age: 14.8 ± 1.1 years; (Equation is included in full-text article.): 63.5 ± 5.6 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1)) performed 3 tests of 10 seconds, 1 minute, and 3 minutes on an air-braked ergometer (Wattbike) and on a 250-m track using their own bikes mounted with mobile power meters (SRM). The agreement between the maximum and mean power output (Pmax and Pmean) measured on the Wattbike and SRM was assessed with the 95% limits of agreement (LoA)...
April 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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