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cns neoplasm

Kathrin Fielitz, Kristina Althoff, Katleen De Preter, Julie Nonnekens, Jasmin Ohli, Sandra Elges, Wolfgang Hartmann, Günter Klöppel, Thomas Knösel, Marc Schulte, Ludger Klein-Hitpass, Daniela Beisser, Henning Reis, Annette Eyking, Elke Cario, Johannes H Schulte, Alexander Schramm, Ulrich Schüller
Amplification or overexpression of MYCN is involved in development and maintenance of multiple malignancies. A subset of these tumors originates from neural precursors, including the most aggressive forms of the childhood tumors, neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. In order to model the spectrum of MYCN-driven neoplasms in mice, we transgenically overexpressed MYCN under the control of the human GFAP-promoter that, among other targets, drives expression in neural progenitor cells. However, LSL-MYCN;hGFAP-Cre double transgenic mice did neither develop neural crest tumors nor tumors of the central nervous system, but presented with neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas and, less frequently, the pituitary gland...
October 19, 2016: Oncotarget
Serena Ricci, Elia Guadagno, Dario Bruzzese, Marialaura Del Basso De Caro, Carmela Peca, Francesco G Sgulò, Francesco Maiuri, Angelina Di Carlo
The basement membrane collagen IV-degrading matrix metalloproteinases -2 and -9 (MMPs) are most often linked to the malignant phenotype of tumor cells by playing a critical role in invasion, metastasis, angiogenesis, and vasculogenesis. We verified the activity of these two MMPs in the sera of patients affected by brain tumors (20 gliomas, 28 meningiomas and 20 metastasis) by zymography. The sera of 25 healthy volunteers with no concomitant illnesses were used for controls. Zymography showed four dominant gelatinolytic bands of 240, 130, 92 (MMP-9) and 72 (MMP-2) kDa...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Jason R Audlin, Gaurav Khullar, Eric M Deshaies, Swamy Kurra, William F Lavelle
BACKGROUND: Carcinoid tumors are rare neoplasms that often arise from the gastrointestinal or respiratory tracts. They often metastasize to bone tissue, as well as pancreatic and hepatic sites. The central nervous system and most specifically the spinal cord are rarely involved. Primary Carcinoid tumors of the CNS are even rarer. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 58 year-old man presented with progressive bilateral lower extremity weakness and a negative history of cancer. Imaging revealed an intradural mass at the L1 and L2 spinal levels...
October 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Bruno Splavski, Dario Muzevic, Tatjana Ladenhauser-Palijan, Brano Splavski
INTRODUCTION: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) of T-cell origin is an exceptionally rare, highly malignant intracranial neoplasm. Although such a tumor typically presents with a focal mass lesion. CASE REPORT: Past medical history of a 26-year-old male patient with a PCNS lymphoma of T-cell origin was not suggestive of intracranial pathology or any disorder of other organs and organic systems. To achieve a gross total tumor resection, surgery was performed via osteoplastic craniotomy using the left frontal transcortical transventricular approach...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Nandish Vastrad Shivaprasad, Suchitha Satish, Sunila Ravishankar, Manjunath Gubbi Vimalambike
BACKGROUND: Astrocytomas are the most common primary tumor of the central nervous system. The distinction between different tumor grades can be tested despite criteria given by the World Health Organization (WHO). Ki-67 is a potent biological marker used in grading of astrocytomas, which estimates growth of the neoplasm quantitatively and will help in predicting prognosis accurately. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this was to study the proliferative activity using Ki-67 immunostaining and to assess the relationship of Ki-67 staining with the histopathological grading of astrocytomas...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Dante Cicchetti, Susan Hetzel, Fred A Rogosch, Elizabeth D Handley, Sheree L Toth
A genome-wide methylation study was conducted among a sample of 114 infants (M age = 13.2 months, SD = 1.08) of low-income urban women with (n = 73) and without (n = 41) major depressive disorder. The Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array with a GenomeStudio Methylation Module and Illumina Custom model were used to conduct differential methylation analyses. Using the 5.0 × 10-7 p value, 2,119 loci were found to be significantly different between infants of depressed and nondepressed mothers. Infants of depressed mothers had greater methylation at low methylation sites (0%-29%) compared to infants of nondepressed mothers...
September 30, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
L Casagranda, M Oriol, F Freycon, D Frappaz, Y Bertrand, C Bergeron, D Plantaz, J L Stephan, C Freycon, F Gomez, C Berger, B Trombert-Paviot
From a population-based cohort of cases of first cancers diagnosed between 1987 and 2004, before the patient's age of 15 years, the authors conducted a nested case-control study, matching 64 patients who experienced a second malignant neoplasm (SMN) with 190 controls. SMNs comprised 10 leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes, 5 lymphomas induced by Epstein-Barr virus after allograft, and 49 solid tumors, including mainly 25 carcinomas (17 of the thyroid), 9 bone sarcomas, and 7 central nervous system (CNS) tumors...
September 29, 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Aditi Khandelwal, Martina A Trinkaus, Hassan Ghaffar, Serge Jothy, Marc B Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Immunotactoid glomerulopathy (ITG) is a rare cause of proteinuria characterized by organized microtubular deposits in the glomerulus. ITG has been associated with underlying lymphoproliferative disorders and any renal impairment may be reversible with treatment of the concomitant hematologic malignancy. This case is the first reported in literature where diffuse large B cell lymphoma developed two years following the initial ITG diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old woman with a history of well-controlled diabetes mellitus and thalassemia trait presented with proteinuria (830 mg/day) in 2010...
September 29, 2016: BMC Nephrology
Larry Mansouri, Daniel Noerenberg, Emma Young, Elena Mylonas, Maysaa Abdulla, Mareike Frick, Fazila Asmar, Viktor Ljungström, Markus Schneider, Kenichi Yoshida, Aron Skaftason, Tatjana Pandzic, Blanca Gonzalez, Anna Tasidou, Nils Waldhueter, Alfredo Rivas-Delgado, Maria Angelopoulou, Marita Ziepert, Christopher Maximilian Arends, Lucile Couronné, Dido Lenze, Claudia D Baldus, Christian Bastard, Jessica Okosun, Jude Fitzgibbon, Bernd Dörken, Hans G Drexler, Damien Roos-Weil, Clemens A Schmitt, Helga Duverger Munch-Petersen, Thorsten Zenz, Martin-Leo Hansmann, Jonathan C Strefford, Gunilla Enblad, Olivier A Bernard, Elisabeth Ralfkiaer, Martin Erlanson, Penelope Korkolopoulou, Magnus Hultdin, Theodora Papadaki, Kirsten Grønbæk, Armando Lopez-Guillermo, Seishi Ogawa, Ralf Küppers, Kostas Stamatopoulos, Niki Stavroyianni, George Kanellis, Andreas Rosenwald, Elias Campo, Rose-Marie Amini, German Ott, Theodoros P Vassilakopoulos, Michael Hummel, Richard Rosenquist, Frederik Damm
We recently reported a truncating deletion in the NFKBIE gene, which encodes IκBϵ, a negative feedback regulator of NF-κB, in clinically aggressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Preliminary data indicate enrichment of NFKBIE aberrations in other lymphoid malignancies, hence we screened a large patient cohort (n=1460) diagnosed with different lymphoid neoplasms. While NFKBIE deletions were infrequent in follicular lymphoma, splenic marginal-zone lymphoma, and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (<2%), slightly higher frequencies were seen in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, and primary CNS lymphoma (3-4%)...
September 26, 2016: Blood
Ritesh R Kalaskar, Ashita R Kalaskar
Neuroblastoma is an extremely rare pediatric neoplasm whose prognosis becomes poor and poor as the age advances. It can be sporadic or nonfamilial in origin. It is primarily a tumor of abdominal origin from where it metastasis to lymph nodes, liver, intracranial and orbital sites, and central nervous system. There is no standard dental treatment protocol for the management of neuroblastoma due to its poor survival rate and rarity. However, dental treatment may follow the protocol of preventive and restorative...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Cléciton Braga Tavares, Francisca das Chagas Sheyla Almeida Gomes-Braga, Danylo Rafhael Costa-Silva, Carla Solange Escórcio-Dourado, Umbelina Soares Borges, Airton Mendes Conde-Junior, Maria da Conceição Barros-Oliveira, Emerson Brandão Sousa, Lorena da Rocha Barros, Luana Mota Martins, Gil Facina, Benedito Borges da-Silva
Gliomas are the most common type of primary central nervous system neoplasm. Astrocytomas are the most prevalent type of glioma and these tumors may be influenced by sex steroid hormones. A literature review for the presence of estrogen and progesterone receptors in astrocytomas was conducted in the PubMed database using the following MeSH terms: "estrogen receptor beta" OR "estrogen receptor alpha" OR "estrogen receptor antagonists" OR "progesterone receptors" OR "astrocytoma" OR "glioma" OR "glioblastoma"...
August 2016: Clinics
M K Sibin, I Bhat Dhananjaya, K V L Narasingarao, S M Harshitha, M Jeru-Manoj, G K Chetan
Gliomas are most common neoplasms in the CNS with unknown aetiology. Gene polymorphisms have been studied in glioma to check its risk in different population. CDKN2A, commonly altered tumor suppressor gene polymorphisms were recently shown to be associated with glioma in Caucasians. Present study evaluated potential association between two SNPs in CDKN2A/B gene with glioma risk in South Indian population with a total of 128 cases and 140 control subjects. Allelic discrimination assay was used for the genotyping and the association of each SNP with glioma risk were calculated using odds ratio and 95% CI...
September 2016: Meta Gene
John Michael Hazenfield, Mary F Gaskill-Shipley
Neoplasia of the spinal cord, including both primary and metastatic tumors, is relatively rare, representing 4%-10% of all central nervous system tumors, and can present a diagnostic challenge to the radiologist. More than 90% of primary spinal cord neoplasms are derived from the glial cell lineage, including the 2 most common tumors ependymoma and astrocytoma. However, less common spinal cord tumors, including metastatic disease, as well as nonneoplastic and paraneoplastic processes should be considered in the diagnosis of intramedullary spinal cord lesions...
October 2016: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
You-Sub Kim, Shin Jung, Woo-Youl Jang, Kyung-Hwa Lee, Kyung-Sub Moon, In-Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB) is an uncommon neoplasm that arises from olfactory epithelium in the nasal cavity near the cribriform plate. Although local recurrence or direct extension along olfactory epithelium and metastasis to the central nervous system has been reported, remote leptomeningeal metastasis is quite rare. In our report of a leptomeningeal metastasis of ONB without recurrence of primary site, we discuss the possible pathogenesis of this rare phenomenon with a review of the literature...
September 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Dipanker Singh Mankotia, Vivek Tandon, Bhawani Shankar Sharma, Madhu Rajeshwari, Mehar Chand Sharma
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare central nervous system neoplasm affecting children, and isolated primary spinal involvement is extremely rare. Authors describe a case of spinal AT/RT in a 5-year-old male child presenting with rapidly progressing quadriparesis diagnosed and managed surgically and medically. Biopsy revealed large, rhabdoid cells with prominent nucleoli in nest and immunohistochemistry further showed loss of integrase integrator 1 expression considered to be gold standard for diagnosis...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Xi Leng, Xin Tan, Chi Zhang, Huan Lin, Shijun Qiu
Anaplastic ependymomas are rare malignant tumors of the central nervous system. Few studies are available regarding their neuroradiological characteristics. The present study aimed to retrospectively review a series of patients with extraventricular anaplastic ependymoma and to analyze the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics to distinguish anaplastic ependymoma from other intracranial tumors. The clinical and pathological images of 11 patients who presented with histologically proven anaplastic ependymoma at Nanfang Hospital (Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China) between September 2004 and March 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Avinash R Joshi, Chitrangi Barpande
Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (ES/PNET) family of tumors is an uncommon group of malignant neoplasms that may present in both skeletal and extraskeletal sites. PNET outside the central nervous system is called peripheral PNET (pPNET) developing from migrating embryonal cells of the neural crest. Very few cases of pPNET of the maxilla are reported in English literature. These tumors may be difficult to diagnose due to their primitive morphology. These tumors occur predominantly in infancy or early childhood...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
E S Kuzina, A A Kudriaeva, I S Glagoleva, V D Knorre, A G Gabibov, A A Belogurov
Deimination of myelin basic protein (MBP) by peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) prevents its binding to the proteasome and decelerates its degradation by the proteasome in mammalian cells. Potential anticancer drug tetrazole analogue of chloramidine 2, at concentrations greater than 1 µM inhibits the enzymatic activity of PAD in vitro. The observed acceleration of proteasome hydrolysis of MBP to antigenic peptides in the presence of PAD inhibitor may increase the efficiency of lesion of the central nervous system by cytotoxic lymphocytes in multiple sclerosis...
July 2016: Doklady. Biochemistry and Biophysics
Anna Lawson McLean, Steffen Rosahl
BACKGROUND: To date, few studies have been published about the growth dynamics of tumors associated with neurofibromatosis type-2 (NF2), none of which evaluated gender-specific differences. Our aim was to compare radiographic data of female and male patients with NF2. METHODS: MR images of 40 patients (20 female, 20 male) from the regional NF2 referral center were included in this analysis. Tumor sizes were determined by semi-automated volumetric measurement. Intracranial tumors were measured on post-contrast T1-weighted MRI datasets and volumes of intramedullary spinal tumors were determined from sagittal T2-weighted MRI datasets...
November 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Sheri K Palejwala, Jonnae Y Barry, Crystal N Rodriguez, Chandni A Parikh, Stephen A Goldstein, G Michael Lemole
Many neoplasms of the head and neck extend centripetally, gaining access to the central nervous system via nerves through the skull base foramina. Often patients with perineural spread have been excluded from aggressive interventions given the overall poor prognosis and technical difficulty when addressing the perineural components. However, in carefully selected patients combined surgical approaches can provide the greatest potential for disease control as well as neural decompression for symptom relief. We performed a retrospective chart review of 20 consecutive patients who underwent skull base approaches for resection of tumors with intracranial extension via perineural spread from 2011 to 2014...
November 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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