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Kevin hall

Jaime I Davila, Numrah M Fadra, Xiaoke Wang, Amber M McDonald, Asha A Nair, Barbara R Crusan, Xianglin Wu, Joseph H Blommel, Jin Jen, Kandelaria M Rumilla, Robert B Jenkins, Umut Aypar, Eric W Klee, Benjamin R Kipp, Kevin C Halling
BACKGROUND: RNA-seq is a well-established method for studying the transcriptome. Popular methods for library preparation in RNA-seq such as Illumina TruSeq® RNA v2 kit use a poly-A pulldown strategy. Such methods can cause loss of coverage at the 5' end of genes, impacting the ability to detect fusions when used on degraded samples. The goal of this study was to quantify the effects RNA degradation has on fusion detection when using poly-A selected mRNA and to identify the variables involved in this process...
October 20, 2016: BMC Genomics
Sarath Channavajjhala, Wenjing Jia, Mahli Jalland, Kevin OʼShaughnessy, Ian Hall, Mark Glover
OBJECTIVE: Thiazide diuretics are amongst most widely prescribed and effective anti-hypertensive medicines worldwide. Thiazides however cause Thiazide-Induced Hyponatremia (TIH), a novel and potentially important paradigm of dysregulated distal nephron sodium and water reabsorption. A priori TIH must result from excessive saliuresis and/or water reabsorption. The water and electrolyte transporter composition of Urinary Exosomes (UE) reflects their cellular origin and are a promising way to study renal dysfunction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Imran Petkar, Keith Rooney, Justin W G Roe, Joanne M Patterson, David Bernstein, Justine M Tyler, Marie A Emson, James P Morden, Kathrin Mertens, Elizabeth Miles, Matthew Beasley, Tom Roques, Shreerang A Bhide, Kate L Newbold, Kevin J Harrington, Emma Hall, Christopher M Nutting
BACKGROUND: Persistent dysphagia following primary chemoradiation (CRT) for head and neck cancers can have a devastating impact on patients' quality of life. Single arm studies have shown that the dosimetric sparing of critical swallowing structures such as the pharyngeal constrictor muscle and supraglottic larynx can translate to better functional outcomes. However, there are no current randomised studies to confirm the benefits of such swallow sparing strategies. The aim of Dysphagia/Aspiration at risk structures (DARS) trial is to determine whether reducing the dose to the pharyngeal constrictors with dysphagia-optimised intensity- modulated radiotherapy (Do-IMRT) will lead to an improvement in long- term swallowing function without having any detrimental impact on disease-specific survival outcomes...
October 6, 2016: BMC Cancer
Nicolas D Knuth, Darcy L Johannsen, Robyn A Tamboli, Pamela A Marks-Shulman, Robert Huizenga, Kong Y Chen, Naji N Abumrad, Eric Ravussin, Kevin D Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Obesity
Sarath Channavajjhala, Wenjing Jia, Mahli Jalland, Kevin OʼShaughnessy, Ian Hall, Mark Glover
OBJECTIVE: Thiazide diuretics are amongst most widely prescribed and effective anti-hypertensive medicines worldwide. Thiazides however cause Thiazide-Induced Hyponatremia (TIH), a novel and potentially important paradigm of dysregulated distal nephron sodium and water reabsorption. A priori TIH must result from excessive saliuresis and/or water reabsorption. The water and electrolyte transporter composition of Urinary Exosomes (UE) reflects their cellular origin and are a promising way to study renal dysfunction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Rowan Jacques-Hamilton, Michelle L Hall, William A Buttemer, Kevin D Matson, Anders Gonҫalves da Silva, Raoul A Mulder, Anne Peters
We tested the two main evolutionary hypotheses for an association between immunity and personality. The risk-of-parasitism hypothesis predicts that more proactive (bold, exploratory, risk-taking) individuals have more vigorous immune defenses because of increased risk of parasite exposure. In contrast, the pace-of-life hypothesis argues that proactive behavioral styles are associated with shorter lifespans and reduced investment in immune function. Mechanistically, associations between immunity and personality can arise because personality differences are often associated with differences in condition and stress responsiveness, both of which are intricately linked with immunity...
September 12, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
Yoni Freedhoff, Kevin D Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: Lancet
Ian J Gerard, Marta Kersten-Oertel, Kevin Petrecca, Denis Sirhan, Jeffery A Hall, D Louis Collins
PURPOSE: Neuronavigation based on preoperative imaging data is a ubiquitous tool for image guidance in neurosurgery. However, it is rendered unreliable when brain shift invalidates the patient-to-image registration. Many investigators have tried to explain, quantify, and compensate for this phenomenon to allow extended use of neuronavigation systems for the duration of surgery. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the work that has been done investigating brain shift...
August 24, 2016: Medical Image Analysis
Simon Drouin, Anna Kochanowska, Marta Kersten-Oertel, Ian J Gerard, Rina Zelmann, Dante De Nigris, Silvain Bériault, Tal Arbel, Denis Sirhan, Abbas F Sadikot, Jeffery A Hall, David S Sinclair, Kevin Petrecca, Rolando F DelMaestro, D Louis Collins
PURPOSE: Navigation systems commonly used in neurosurgery suffer from two main drawbacks: (1) their accuracy degrades over the course of the operation and (2) they require the surgeon to mentally map images from the monitor to the patient. In this paper, we introduce the Intraoperative Brain Imaging System (IBIS), an open-source image-guided neurosurgery research platform that implements a novel workflow where navigation accuracy is improved using tracked intraoperative ultrasound (iUS) and the visualization of navigation information is facilitated through the use of augmented reality (AR)...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Vanessa L Butler, Catherine A Mowbray, Kevin Cadwell, Sherko S Niranji, Richard Bailey, Kellie A Watson, John Ralph, Judith Hall
To reduce the risk of enteric disease in poultry, knowledge of how bird gut innate defences mature with age while also responding to different rearing environments is necessary. In this study the gut innate responses of two phylogenetically distinct lines of poultry raised from hatch to 35days, in conditions mimicing high hygiene (HH) and low hygiene (LH) rearing environments, were compared. Analyses focussed on the proximal gut antimicrobial activities and the duodenal and caecal AvBD1, 4 and 10 defensin profiles...
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Yan Quan Lee, Brian E Hall, Kevin S W Tan
Phenotypic assays are increasingly employed to provide clues about drug mechanisms. In antimalarial drug screening, however, the majority of assays are designed to only measure parasite-killing activity. We describe here a high-content assay to detect drug-mediated perturbation of the digestive vacuole integrity in the trophozoite stage of Plasmodium falciparum, using the ImageStream imaging flow cytometer.
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Laura M Seske, Louis J Muglia, Eric S Hall, Kevin E Bove, James M Greenberg
Introduction Infant mortality rate is a sensitive metric for population health and well-being. Challenges in achieving accurate reporting of these data can lead to inaccurate targeting of public health interventions. We analyzed a cohort from a pediatric tertiary care referral medical center to evaluate concordance between autopsy cause of death (COD) and death certificate documentation for infants <1 year of age. We predicted that infant COD as documented through vital records would not correspond to that as determined by autopsy...
July 25, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Martijn B Katan, Janne C de Ruyter, Lothar D J Kuijper, Carson C Chow, Kevin D Hall, Margreet R Olthof
BACKGROUND: Substituting sugar-free for sugar-sweetened beverages reduces weight gain. This effect may be more pronounced in children with a high body mass index (BMI) because their sensing of kilocalories might be compromised. We investigated the impact of sugar-free versus sugary drinks separately in children with a higher and a lower initial BMI z score, and predicted caloric intakes and degree of compensation in the two groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a secondary, explorative analysis of our double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT) which showed that replacement of one 250-mL sugary drink per day by a sugar-free drink for 18 months significantly reduced weight gain...
2016: PloS One
Katherine E Bates, Matthew Hall, Samir S Shah, Kevin D Hill, Sara K Pasquali
OBJECTIVE: National organisations in several countries have recently released more restrictive guidelines for infective endocarditis prophylaxis, including the American Heart Association 2007 guidelines. Initial studies demonstrated no change in infective endocarditis rates over time; however, a recent United Kingdom study suggested an increase; current paediatric trends are unknown. METHODS: Children (5 years of age. Interrupted time series analysis was used to evaluate rates over time indexed to total hospitalisations...
July 15, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
Kevin D Hall, Kong Y Chen, Juen Guo, Yan Y Lam, Rudolph L Leibel, Laurel Es Mayer, Marc L Reitman, Michael Rosenbaum, Steven R Smith, B Timothy Walsh, Eric Ravussin
BACKGROUND: The carbohydrate-insulin model of obesity posits that habitual consumption of a high-carbohydrate diet sequesters fat within adipose tissue because of hyperinsulinemia and results in adaptive suppression of energy expenditure (EE). Therefore, isocaloric exchange of dietary carbohydrate for fat is predicted to result in increased EE, increased fat oxidation, and loss of body fat. In contrast, a more conventional view that "a calorie is a calorie" predicts that isocaloric variations in dietary carbohydrate and fat will have no physiologically important effects on EE or body fat...
August 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gustavo Saposnik, Leonardo G Cohen, Muhammad Mamdani, Sepideth Pooyania, Michelle Ploughman, Donna Cheung, Jennifer Shaw, Judith Hall, Peter Nord, Sean Dukelow, Yongchai Nilanont, Felipe De Los Rios, Lisandro Olmos, Mindy Levin, Robert Teasell, Ashley Cohen, Kevin Thorpe, Andreas Laupacis, Mark Bayley
BACKGROUND: Non-immersive virtual reality is an emerging strategy to enhance motor performance for stroke rehabilitation. There has been rapid adoption of non-immersive virtual reality as a rehabilitation strategy despite the limited evidence about its safety and effectiveness. Our aim was to compare the safety and efficacy of virtual reality with recreational therapy on motor recovery in patients after an acute ischaemic stroke. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, single-blind, parallel-group trial we enrolled adults (aged 18-85 years) who had a first-ever ischaemic stroke and a motor deficit of the upper extremity score of 3 or more (measured with the Chedoke-McMaster scale) within 3 months of randomisation from 14 in-patient stroke rehabilitation units from four countries (Canada [11], Argentina [1], Peru [1], and Thailand [1])...
September 2016: Lancet Neurology
Kevin Belanger, Mark S Tremblay, Patricia E Longmuir, Joel Barnes, Dwayne Sheehan, Jennifer L Copeland, Sarah J Woodruff, Brenda Bruner, Barbi Law, Luc J Martin, Angela M Kolen, Michelle Stone, Sherry Huybers Withers, Kristal Anderson, Kirstin N Lane, Nathan Hall, Melanie Gregg, Travis J Saunders, Dany MacDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Thomas W Winkler, Anne E Justice, Mariaelisa Graff, Llilda Barata, Mary F Feitosa, Su Chu, Jacek Czajkowski, Tõnu Esko, Tove Fall, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Evelin Mihailov, Tune H Pers, Sina Rüeger, Alexander Teumer, Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Juha Karjalainen, Vasiliki Lagou, Anubha Mahajan, Michael D Neinast, Inga Prokopenko, Jeannette Simino, Tanya M Teslovich, Rick Jansen, Harm-Jan Westra, Charles C White, Devin Absher, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Shafqat Ahmad, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Anton J M de Craen, Joshua C Bis, Amélie Bonnefond, Gabrielle Boucher, Gemma Cadby, Yu-Ching Cheng, Charleston W K Chiang, Graciela Delgado, Ayse Demirkan, Nicole Dueker, Niina Eklund, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Joel Eriksson, Bjarke Feenstra, Krista Fischer, Francesca Frau, Tessel E Galesloot, Frank Geller, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Tanja B Grammer, Stefan Gustafsson, Saskia Haitjema, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Kevin B Jacobs, Åsa Johansson, Marika Kaakinen, Marcus E Kleber, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Benjamin Lehne, Youfang Liu, Ken Sin Lo, Mattias Lorentzon, Jian'an Luan, Pamela A F Madden, Massimo Mangino, Barbara McKnight, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, May E Montasser, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ilja M Nolte, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Nigel W Rayner, Frida Renström, Federica Rizzi, Lynda M Rose, Kathy A Ryan, Perttu Salo, Serena Sanna, Hubert Scharnagl, Jianxin Shi, Albert Vernon Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Rona J Strawbridge, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Toshiko Tanaka, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Stella Trompet, Natalia Pervjakova, Jonathan P Tyrer, Liesbeth Vandenput, Sander W van der Laan, Nathalie van der Velde, Jessica van Setten, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Niek Verweij, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Lindsay L Waite, Sophie R Wang, Zhaoming Wang, Sarah H Wild, Christina Willenborg, James F Wilson, Andrew Wong, Jian Yang, Loïc Yengo, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Lei Yu, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Ehm A Andersson, Stephan J L Bakker, Damiano Baldassarre, Karina Banasik, Matteo Barcella, Cristina Barlassina, Claire Bellis, Paola Benaglio, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Fabrice Bonnet, Lori L Bonnycastle, Heather A Boyd, Marcel Bruinenberg, Aron S Buchman, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Peter S Chines, Simone Claudi-Boehm, John Cole, Francis S Collins, Eco J C de Geus, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Maria Dimitriou, Jubao Duan, Stefan Enroth, Elodie Eury, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Pablo V Gejman, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Alan S Go, Omri Gottesman, Jürgen Gräßler, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Yu-Mei Gu, Linda Broer, Annelies C Ham, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew T Hattersley, Andrew C Heath, Anjali K Henders, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Oddgeir Holmen, Kees G Hovingh, Jennie Hui, Lise L Husemoen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Pirro G Hysi, Thomas Illig, Philip L De Jager, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Markus Juonala, Stavroula Kanoni, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Leena Kinnunen, Steven J Kittner, Wolfgang Koenig, Ivana Kolcic, Peter Kovacs, Nikolaj T Krarup, Wolfgang Kratzer, Janine Krüger, Diana Kuh, Meena Kumari, Theodosios Kyriakou, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lannfelt, Chiara Lanzani, Vaneet Lotay, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Yan-Ping Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Patrik K Magnusson, Wendy L McArdle, Cristina Menni, Sigrun Merger, Lili Milani, Grant W Montgomery, Andrew P Morris, Narisu Narisu, Mari Nelis, Ken K Ong, Aarno Palotie, Louis Pérusse, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Anneli Pouta, Myriam Rheinberger, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Marcus Richards, Kenneth M Rice, Treva K Rice, Carlo Rivolta, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R Sanders, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Sebanti Sengupta, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas Seufferlein, Angela Silveira, P Eline Slagboom, Jan H Smit, Thomas H Sparsø, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Anke Tönjes, Angelo Tremblay, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Uwe Völker, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Melanie Waldenberger, Ryan W Walker, Roman Wennauer, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Suzanne C van Dijk, Natasja M van Schoor, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul I W de Bakker, Jacques S Beckmann, John Beilby, David A Bennett, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Carsten A Böger, Bernhard O Boehm, Eric Boerwinkle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Erwin P Bottinger, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Stephen J Chanock, Daniel I Chasman, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, George Dedoussis, Jeanette Erdmann, Johan G Eriksson, Denis A Evans, Ulf de Faire, Martin Farrall, Luigi Ferrucci, Ian Ford, Lude Franke, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Henrik Grönberg, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Per Hall, Anders Hamsten, Pim van der Harst, Caroline Hayward, Markku Heliövaara, Christian Hengstenberg, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon Hingorani, Albert Hofman, Frank Hu, Heikki V Huikuri, Kristian Hveem, Alan L James, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Sekar Kathiresan, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Mika Kivimaki, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Jaspal S Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Johanna Kuusisto, Winfried Maerz, Nicholas G Martin, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Guillaume Lettre, Douglas F Levinson, Lars Lind, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mads Melbye, Andres Metspalu, Braxton D Mitchell, Frans L Moll, Jeffrey C Murray, Arthur W Musk, Markku S Nieminen, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ben A Oostra, Lyle J Palmer, James S Pankow, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Oluf Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Thomas Quertermous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Rainer Rauramaa, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Hester M den Ruijter, Juha Saltevo, Naveed Sattar, Heribert Schunkert, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shuldiner, Juha Sinisalo, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, Jan A Staessen, Bandinelli Stefania, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Michael Stumvoll, Jean-Claude Tardif, Elena Tremoli, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, André L M Verbeek, Sita H Vermeulen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Eleftheria Zeggini, Aravinda Chakravarti, Deborah J Clegg, L Adrienne Cupples, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Cashell E Jaquish, D C Rao, Goncalo R Abecasis, Themistocles L Assimes, Inês Barroso, Sonja I Berndt, Michael Boehnke, Panos Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Leif C Groop, David J Hunter, Erik Ingelsson, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Karen L Mohlke, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, David P Strachan, Kari Stefansson, Cornelia M van Duijn, Joel N Hirschhorn, Cecilia M Lindgren, Iris M Heid, Kari E North, Ingrid B Borecki, Zoltán Kutalik, Ruth J F Loos
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005378.].
June 2016: PLoS Genetics
Jerod A Merkle, Kevin L Monteith, Ellen O Aikens, Matthew M Hayes, Kent R Hersey, Arthur D Middleton, Brendan A Oates, Hall Sawyer, Brandon M Scurlock, Matthew J Kauffman
The green wave hypothesis (GWH) states that migrating animals should track or 'surf' high-quality forage at the leading edge of spring green-up. To index such high-quality forage, recent work proposed the instantaneous rate of green-up (IRG), i.e. rate of change in the normalized difference vegetation index over time. Despite this important advancement, no study has tested the assumption that herbivores select habitat patches at peak IRG. We evaluated this assumption using step selection functions parametrized with movement data during the green-up period from two populations each of bighorn sheep, mule deer, elk, moose and bison, totalling 463 individuals monitored 1-3 years from 2004 to 2014...
June 29, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
Edward R Kost, Philip T Valente, Barnard A Lynch, Naveen K Krishnegowda, Alexandria M Hertz, Kevin L Hall, Nicole D Riddle, Rajeshwar R Tekmal
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 3% to 5% of endometrial cancers (EC) are associated with Lynch syndrome (LS). The clinical characteristics and prevalence of LS have not been well studied in the US Hispanic population. Hispanics are the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority group in the United States. We sought to characterize the demographics, tumor characteristics, and prevalence of loss of mismatch repair (MMR) protein expression in a large Hispanic population with EC. METHODS: From January 1, 2005, to August 1, 2012, 83 women of Hispanic ethnicity diagnosed with EC 50 years and younger were identified...
July 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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