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"Motion sensors"

Shu-Yin Chiang, Yao-Chiang Kan, Yun-Shan Chen, Ying-Ching Tu, Hsueh-Chun Lin
Ubiquitous health care (UHC) is beneficial for patients to ensure they complete therapeutic exercises by self-management at home. We designed a fuzzy computing model that enables recognizing assigned movements in UHC with privacy. The movements are measured by the self-developed body motion sensor, which combines both accelerometer and gyroscope chips to make an inertial sensing node compliant with a wireless sensor network (WSN). The fuzzy logic process was studied to calculate the sensor signals that would entail necessary features of static postures and dynamic motions...
December 3, 2016: Sensors
Justin Munafo, Meg Diedrick, Thomas A Stoffregen
Anecdotal reports suggest that motion sickness may occur among users of contemporary, consumer-oriented head-mounted display systems and that women may be at greater risk. We evaluated the nauseogenic properties of one such system, the Oculus Rift. The head-mounted unit included motion sensors that were sensitive to users' head movements, such that head movements could be used as control inputs to the device. In two experiments, seated participants played one of two virtual reality games for up to 15 min. In Experiment 1, 22% of participants reported motion sickness, and the difference in incidence between men and women was not significant...
December 3, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Lars Gabrys, Stefan Sperzel, Marcus Bernhoerster, Winfried Banzer, Lutz Vogt
The study aims to evaluate the effects and feasibility of a biofeedback device for physical activity (PA) improvement in breast and colon cancer patients. Daily PA of 19 cancer patients was measured by accelerometry (ActiGraph, GT1 M). Additionally, patients wore a motion sensor with real-time visual activity feedback (ActiSmile). Counts per minutes (cpm) and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were calculated and patients' activity data were compared to PA of 20 age-matched healthy controls. Baseline PA of patients was lower compared to controls...
November 24, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
Pietro Picerno
Joint kinematics is typically limited to the laboratory environment, and the restricted volume of capture may vitiate the execution of the motor tasks under analysis. Conversely, clinicians often require the analysis of motor acts in non-standard environments and for long periods of time, such as in ambulatory settings or during daily life activities. The miniaturisation of motion sensors and electronic components, generally associated with wireless communications technology, has opened up a new perspective: movement analysis can be carried out outside the laboratory and at a relatively lower cost...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
Minglin Wu, Sheng Zhang, Yuhan Dong
In this article, a novel driving behavior recognition system based on a specific physical model and motion sensory data is developed to promote traffic safety. Based on the theory of rigid body kinematics, we build a specific physical model to reveal the data change rule during the vehicle moving process. In this work, we adopt a nine-axis motion sensor including a three-axis accelerometer, a three-axis gyroscope and a three-axis magnetometer, and apply a Kalman filter for noise elimination and an adaptive time window for data extraction...
October 20, 2016: Sensors
Zhen Li, Zhiqiang Wei, Lei Huang, Shugang Zhang, Jie Nie
Human activity recognition is important for healthcare and lifestyle evaluation. In this paper, a novel method for activity recognition by jointly considering motion sensor data recorded by wearable smart watches and image data captured by RGB-Depth (RGB-D) cameras is presented. A normalized cross correlation based mapping method is implemented to establish association between motion sensor data with corresponding image data from the same person in multi-person situations. Further, to improve the performance and accuracy of recognition, a hierarchical structure embedded with an automatic group selection method is proposed...
October 15, 2016: Sensors
L Müller, D Weinert
In a natural environment, social abilities of an animal are important for its survival. Particularly, it must recognize its own social rank and the social rank of a conspecific and have a good social memory. While the role of the circadian system for object and spatial recognition and memory is well known, the impact of the social rank and circadian disruptions on social recognition and memory were not investigated so far. In the present study, individual recognition of social rank and social memory performance of Djungarian hamsters revealing different circadian phenotypes were investigated...
October 13, 2016: Behavioural Processes
Naveen N Jason, Stephen J Wang, Sushrut Bhanushali, Wenlong Cheng
This work demonstrates a facile "paint-on" approach to fabricate highly stretchable and highly sensitive strain sensors by combining one-dimensional copper nanowire networks with two-dimensional graphite microflakes. This paint-on approach allows for the fabrication of electronic skin (e-skin) patches which can directly replicate with high fidelity the human skin surface they are on, regardless of the topological complexity. This leads to high accuracy for detecting biometric signals for applications in personalised wearable sensors...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
Hyelynn Song, Taewoo Kim, Hyeongwook Im, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Tae June Kang, Yong Hyup Kim
A carbon nanotube (CNT) sheet nanogenerator that does not require any liquid or gas flow for power generation is developed on the basis of Coulombic interactions, making the device attractive as a building block for self-powered sensors. The working principle of the CNT nanogenerator is probed in terms of sweeping speed, distance between charged object and nanotube sheet, surface charge, and number of layers of nanotube sheet. The nature of the CNT sheet and its formation process is such that simply winding the CNT sheet stripe n times around a substrate leads to increasing the power n times...
September 22, 2016: Nanoscale
Marije van der Lende, Fieke M E Cox, Gerhard H Visser, Josemir W Sander, Roland D Thijs
OBJECTIVE: Following a sudden death at a residential care unit, the Dutch Health and Care Inspectorate advised intensification of the use of video monitoring (VM) at the unit. We assessed whether VM resulted in increased identification of seizures that required clinical intervention. METHODS: The unit provides care for 340 individuals with refractory epilepsy and severe learning disabilities. Acoustic detection systems (ADSs) cover all individuals; 37 people also have a bed motion sensor (BMS) and 46 people with possible nocturnal seizures are now monitored by VM...
November 2016: Epilepsia
Ruth McCullagh, Christina Dillon, Ann Marie O'Connell, N Frances Horgan, Suzanne Timmons
OBJECTIVES: To measure the step-count accuracy of an ankle-worn accelerometer, a thigh-worn accelerometer and one pedometer in older and frail inpatients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design study. SETTING: Research room within a hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of inpatients aged ≥65 years, able to walk 20 metres unassisted, with or without a walking-aid. INTERVENTION: Patients completed a 40-minute programme of predetermined tasks while wearing the three motion sensors simultaneously...
September 22, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
Franz Worek, Thomas Seeger, Katharina Neumaier, Timo Wille, Horst Thiermann
The increased interest of terrorist groups in toxic chemicals and chemical warfare agents presents a continuing threat to our societies. Early warning and detection is a key component for effective countermeasures against such deadly agents. Presently available and near term solutions have a number of major drawbacks, e.g. lack of automated, remote warning and detection of primarily low volatile chemical warfare agents. An alternative approach is the use of animals as sentinels for exposure to toxic chemicals...
September 14, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Song Chen, Yong Wei, Siman Wei, Yong Lin, Lan Liu
Strain sensors with ultrahigh sensitivity under microstrain have numerous potential applications in heartbeat monitoring, pulsebeat detection, sound signal acquisition, and recognition. In this work, a two-part strain sensor (i.e., polyurethane part and brittle conductive hybrid particles layer on top) based on silver nanowires/graphene hybrid particles is developed via a simple coprecipitation, reduction, vacuum filtration, and casting process. Because of the nonuniform interface, weak interfacial bonding, and the hybrid particles' point-to-point conductive networks, the crack and overlap morphologies are successfully formed on the strain sensor after a prestretching; the crack-based stain sensor exhibits gauge factors as high as 20 (Δε < 0...
September 28, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shinya Takazawa, Tetsuya Ishimaru, Kanako Harada, Kyoichi Deie, Jun Fujishiro, Naohiko Sugita, Mamoru Mitsuishi, Tadashi Iwanaka
PURPOSE: We previously developed a pediatric thoracoscopic surgical simulator and showed its construct validity. In this study, the same skill assessment experiments were conducted in an additional 31 surgeons and the results of 53 surgeons in total were analyzed. METHODS: A suture pad with force sensors was placed in a rapid-prototyped pediatric chest model of a 1-year-old patient. Participants completed the endoscopic intracorporeal suturing and knot-tying task, both in the pediatric chest model setup and in a box trainer setup...
September 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Jose M Trejo-Gabriel-Galan, V Rogel-Melgosa, S Gonzalez, J Sedano, J R Villar, N Arenaza-Basterrechea
BACKGROUND: Hemineglect is frequent after right hemisphere stroke and prevents functional independence, but effective rehabilitation interventions are lacking. Our objective was to determine if a visual-acoustic alarm in the hemineglect arm activated by a certain discrepancy in movement of both hands can enhance neglect arm use in five tasks of daily living. METHODS: In this pre-post intervention study 9 stroke patients with residual hemineglect of the arm were trained for 7 days in five bimanual tasks of daily living: carrying a tray, button fastening, cutting food with knife and fork, washing the face with both hands and arm sway while walking...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Mayank Baranwal, Ram S Gorugantu, Srinivasa M Salapaka
Atomic force microscopy typically relies on high-resolution high-bandwidth cantilever deflection measurements based control for imaging and estimating sample topography and properties. More precisely, in amplitude-modulation atomic force microscopy (AM-AFM), the control effort that regulates deflection amplitude is used as an estimate of sample topography; similarly, contact-mode AFM uses regulation of deflection signal to generate sample topography. In this article, a control design scheme based on an additional feedback mechanism that uses vertical z-piezo motion sensor, which augments the deflection based control scheme, is proposed and evaluated...
August 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Tim Fleiner, Peter Haussermann, Sabato Mellone, Wiebren Zijlstra
BACKGROUND: The assessment of patients' motor behavior is a key challenge in dementia care. Common geriatric assessment questionnaires or actigraphy measurements often lack methodological quality and are unsuitable to individually tailor interventions. Hence, there is a need for developing objective tools to assess patterns of motor behavior. Therefore, the feasibility of a sensor-based assessment of mobility-related behavior in patients with dementia is investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional investigation on three dementia care wards in a psychiatric hospital was conducted...
October 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
William C Eberhardt, Brendan F Wakefield, Christin T Murphy, Caroline Casey, Yousef Shakhsheer, Benton H Calhoun, Colleen Reichmuth
Nature has shaped effective biological sensory systems to receive complex stimuli generated by organisms moving through water. Similar abilities have not yet been fully developed in artificial systems for underwater detection and monitoring, but such technology would enable valuable applications for military, commercial, and scientific use. We set out to design a fluid motion sensor array inspired by the searching performance of seals, which use their whiskers to find and follow underwater wakes. This sensor prototype, called the Wake Information Detection and Tracking System (WIDTS), features multiple whisker-like elements that respond to hydrodynamic disturbances encountered while moving through water...
2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Gertrúd Tamás, Andrea Kelemen, Péter Radics, István Valálik, Dustin Heldman, Péter Klivényi, László Vécsei, Eszter Hidasi, László Halász, Dávid Kis, Péter Barsi, Péter Golopencza, Loránd Erőss
INTRODUCTION: A different innervation pattern of proximal and distal muscles from the contra- and ipsilateral motor circuits raises the question as to whether bilateral, contra- and ipsilateral subthalamic stimulation may have different effects on the distal and proximal movements of the upper limb. To answer this question, we performed kinematic analyzes in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Twenty-eight Parkinsonian patients treated by bilateral subthalamic stimulation were examined with an age-matched control group of 28 healthy subjects...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
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