keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Face reconstruction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044539/cervicofacial-facial-artery-myocutaneous-flap-c-fam-flap-a-novel-flap-in-oral-cavity-reconstruction
#1
Chandrasekhara Rao S L M, Nusrath Syed, Hemantkumar O Nemade, Jonathan Gondi T, Krantikumar Gangiti, Subramanyeshwar Rao T
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of oral cancer. Local flaps are one of the options in reconstruction of small to moderate sized defects of oral cavity. Reconstruction is an integral part of the surgical management of oral cancer. Every defect needs to be assessed individually to tailor made the reconstruction because of its multidimensionality and complexity. Varieties of autologous tissues are being used in reconstruction like local, regional, or free flaps which can be simple or complex tissues...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041945/double-calcaneal-osteotomy-for-severe-adolescent-flexible-flatfoot-reconstruction
#2
Yang Xu, Yong-Xing Cao, Xing-Chen Li, Yuan Zhu, Xiang-Yang Xu
BACKGROUND: The timing and strategy of treatment for flatfoot still remain controversial. It is a difficult problem when facing severe adolescent flexible flatfoot because a single procedure cannot realign flatfoot deformity effectively. METHODS: We reviewed 13 adolescent flexible flatfoot patients who underwent double calcaneal osteotomy during May 2012 to June 2015. The mean age of patients was 15.2 ± 1.8 (range, 10-18) years. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot (AOFAS-AH) scores and SF-36 score were adopted to evaluate the preoperative and postoperative functions of the foot...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039025/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-compared-to-unilateral-mastectomy-with-routine-surveillance-for-unilateral-sporadic-breast-cancer
#3
Robert C Keskey, A Scott LaJoie, Brad S Sutton, In K Kim, William G Cheadle, Kelly M McMasters, Nicolas Ajkay
BACKGROUND: Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) rates in younger women with unilateral breast cancer have more than doubled. Studies of cost and quality of life of the procedure remain inconclusive. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis using a decision-tree model in TreeAge Pro 2015 was used to compare long-term costs and quality of life following unilateral mastectomy (UM) with routine surveillance versus CPM for sporadic breast cancer in women aged 45 years...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036069/human-detection-in-occluded-scenes-through-optically-inspired-multi-camera-image-fusion
#4
Maryam Ghaneizad, Zahra Kavehvash, Hamid Aghajan
In this paper, a novel approach for foreground extraction has been proposed based on a popular three-dimensional imaging technique in optics, called integral imaging. In this approach, multiple viewpoint images captured from a three-dimensional scene are used to extract range information of the scene and effectively extract an object or a person, even in the presence of heavy occlusion. The algorithm consists of two parts: depth estimation and reconstruction of the targeted object at the estimated depth distance...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031526/the-temporal-artery-island-flap-a-good-reconstructive-option-for-small-to-medium-sized-facial-defects
#5
Said Algan, Murat Kara, Hakan Cinal, Ensar Zafer Barin, Akin Inaloz, Onder Tan
PURPOSE: The reconstruction of facial defects is esthetically vital because of the unique skin color and texture of the face. The aim of this study was to show the utility of different temporal artery island flap designs for the reconstruction of upper and middle facial defects without contrast to the color and texture of the face. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is retrospective case series conducted from November 2004 through May 2015. Patients older than 18 years with upper and middle facial defects smaller than 5 cm were included...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031223/enhanced-antibacterial-activity-and-biocompatibility-of-zinc-incorporated-organic-inorganic-nanocomposite-coatings-via-electrophoretic-deposition
#6
Pin Huang, Kena Ma, Xinjie Cai, Dan Huang, Xu Yang, Jiabing Ran, Fushi Wang, Tao Jiang
Increased use of reconstruction procedures in orthopedics has improved the life of patients undergoing surgery. However, surgical site infection remains a major challenge. Efforts were made to fabricate antibacterial surfaces with good biocompatibility. This present study aimed to fabricate zinc-incorporated chitosan/gelatin (CS/G) nanocomposite coatings on the titanium substrates via electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Physicochemical characterization confirmed that zinc was successfully deposited in a metallic oxide/salt complex status...
October 6, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026647/progress-in-development-of-bioderived-materials-for-dermal-wound-healing
#7
REVIEW
Lin-Cui Da, Yi-Zhou Huang, Hui-Qi Xie
Treatment of acute and chronic wounds is one of the primary challenges faced by doctors. Bioderived materials have significant potential clinical value in tissue injury treatment and defect reconstruction. Various strategies, including drug loading, addition of metallic element(s), cross-linking and combining two or more distinct types of materials with complementary features, have been used to synthesize more suitable materials for wound healing. In this review, we describe the recent developments made in the processing of bioderived materials employed for cutaneous wound healing, including newly developed materials such as keratin and soy protein...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023477/possible-cases-of-leprosy-from-the-late-copper-age-3780-3650-cal-bc-in-hungary
#8
Kitti Köhler, Antónia Marcsik, Péter Zádori, Gergely Biro, Tamás Szeniczey, Szilvia Fábián, Gábor Serlegi, Tibor Marton, Helen D Donoghue, Tamás Hajdu
At the Abony-Turjányos dűlő site, located in Central Hungary, a rescue excavation was carried out. More than 400 features were excavated and dated to the Protoboleráz horizon, at the beginning of the Late Copper Age in the Carpathian Basin, between 3780-3650 cal BC. Besides the domestic and economic units, there were two special areas, with nine-nine pits that differed from the other archaeological features of the site. In the northern pit group seven pits contained human remains belonging to 48 individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021728/olympic-torch-flap-one-stop-option-for-simultaneous-brow-upper-and-lower-lid-reconstruction-in-post-burn-patients
#9
M Vathulya, D Chattopadhyay, K Koyama
Facial units reconstruction in a post burn patient poses tough challenges. Simultaneous brow and lid reconstruction is one of them. This article presents a 45-year-old epileptic male with burn of complete face. The task of reconstructing the brow, upper and lower lids was successfully accomplished using a modification of the Guyuron postauricular fasciocutaneous flap, after initial grafting and radial forearm flap reconstruction of forehead and other parts of the face. The article gives a single-stop solution for simultaneous reconstruction of brow and lids using a random pattern extension of the traditional postauricular flap, thus proving the excellent vascularity and hence durability of the flap in spite of a 180 degrees change in the orientation of the flap with respect to the axis...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018961/accuracy-of-a-patient-specific-template-for-pedicle-screw-placement-compared-with-a-conventional-method-a-meta-analysis
#10
Yong Fan, Jin-Peng Du, Qi-Ning Wu, Jia-Nan Zhang, Ding-Jun Hao
INTRODUCTION: Accurate placement of pedicle screws in spine surgery is a challenge for surgeons. Patient-specific template techniques have the potential for improving the accuracy of screw placement. The target of this analysis was to investigate differences in terms of accuracy of pedicle screw insertion between patient-specific template assistance and the conventional free-hand method for reconstruction of spinal stability. MATERIALS: The Cochrane Library, Ovid, Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE and CNKI database were searched until February 2017 for a systematic review, and several comparative studies were screened for comparisons of accuracies of pedicle screw insertion with patient-specific assistance and conventional methods...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991740/duplex-metric-learning-for-image-set-classification
#11
Gong Cheng, Peicheng Zhou, Junwei Han
Image set classification has attracted much attention because of its broad applications. Despite the success made so far, the problems of intra-class diversity and inter-class similarity still remain two major challenges. To explore a possible solution to these challenges, this paper proposes a novel approach, termed duplex metric learning (DML), for image set classification. The proposed DML consists of two progressive metric learning stages with different objectives used for feature learning and image classification, respectively...
October 6, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989238/hand-rejuvenation-with-fat-grafting-a-12-year-single-surgeon-experience
#12
Fabio Fantozzi
BACKGROUND: Fat grafting has been successfully used for reconstructive and esthetic surgery of the breast, face, and other body parts. In this article, we present our protocol for hand fat grafting and over a decade of clinical experience. METHODS: Fat tissue is obtained from the flanks, peri-umbilical region, or internal side of the thigh or knee. No centrifuge machine is used to prevent fat damage. After decantation, fat is injected into the dorsum of the hand using a cannula from the wrist and not from the fingers...
2017: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989235/a-new-treatment-for-reliable-functional-and-esthetic-outcome-after-local-facial-flap-reconstruction-a-transparent-polycarbonate-facial-mask-with-silicone-sheeting
#13
Sander B Kant, Patrick I Ferdinandus, Eric Van den Kerckhove, Carlo Colla, René R W J Van der Hulst, Andrzej A Piatkowski de Grzymala, Stefania M H Tuinder
BACKGROUND: Facial flap surgery predominantly leads to good functional results. However, in some cases, it can cause unsatisfactory esthetic results. They include persistent erythema, pincushioning, and development of hypertrophic scars. Conservative, reliable treatment for facial flaps is lacking. Pressure and silicone therapy have proven to result in significant improvement in scar erythema, pliability, and thickness in postburn hypertrophic scars. By combining these therapies in a facial mask, the esthetic outcome of facial flaps could be improved...
2017: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979640/-zitelli-bilobed-flap-for-the-reconstruction-of-the-nasal-pyramid-after-excision-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-bcc
#14
Karim Bourra, Samir Mazouz
We report the case of a 65-year old patient presenting with well-defined nodular basal cell carcinom measuring 5mm in diameter in the right paramedian nasal tip and the superior margin of the nasal wing, near the free edge. The tumor was removed, with resection margin of 1mm. It was associated with multiple hyperkeratotic lesions spread across his face. The patient was a farmer with a past history of massive sun exposure. He lived in rural, mountainous and remote regions. The nasal tumor had evolved very slowly and very gradually in volume...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976912/pet-performance-evaluation-of-madpet4-a-small-animal-pet-insert-for-a-7-tesla-mri-scanner
#15
Negar Omidvari, Jorge Cabello, Geoffrey Topping, Florian Roland Schneider, Stephan Paul, Markus Schwaiger, Sibylle I Ziegler
MADPET4 is the first small animal PET insert with two layers of individually read out crystals in combination with silicon photomultiplier technology. It has a novel detector arrangement, in which all crystals face the center of field of view transaxially. In this work, the PET performance of MADPET4 was evaluated and compared to other preclinical PET scanners using the NEMA NU 4 measurements, followed by imaging a mouse-size hot-rod resolution phantom and two in vivo simultaneous PET/MRI scans in a 7-T MRI scanner...
October 4, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968321/postradiotherapy-prosthetic-management-of-mandible-reconstructed-with-fibular-graft
#16
Pankaj Kharade, Kanchan Dholam, Pravin Bhirangi
Intraoral defects secondary to resection of mandible leading to mandibular discontinuity are very complicated to treat as the muscles exert forces on the residual portion of the mandible. Primarily this leads to disfigurement of the face. These forces also make mastication difficult due to imbalance. Ultimately it leads to poor quality of life for the patient. Apart from that the clinical outcome and prognosis of prosthetic rehabilitation of such patients is very poor. The composite fibular flap is the preferred donor site for reconstruction of most complex orofacial-mandibular defects...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968319/a-novel-reverse-periauricular-flap-reconstruction-method-that-uses-additional-anastomosis-to-avoid-venous-congestion-for-periorbital-defects
#17
Hui Xiao, Haiping Wang
The aim of this study was to introduce and evaluate a method to prevent venous congestion in periauricular flap pedicled on the frontal branch of the superficial temporal artery (STA). Flaps based on the STA are therefore extremely versatile in reconstruction of the face and scalp. The literature on reconstructive possibilities provided by temporal flaps describes venous congestion, but there are currently no methods for preventing this problem. In this brief report, we describe a method to anastomose the parietal branch of superficial temporal vein and the middle temporal vein to ensure venous flow when a concomitant vein of the frontal branch of the STA is unavailable...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961964/deep-temporal-nerve-transfer-for-facial-reanimation-anatomic-dissections-and-surgical-case-report
#18
Mark A Mahan, Walavan Sivakumar, David Weingarten, Justin M Brown
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve palsy is a disabling condition that may arise from a variety of injuries or insults and may occur at any point along the nerve or its intracerebral origin. OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of the deep temporal branches of the motor division of the trigeminal nerve for neural reconstruction of the temporal branches of the facial nerve for restoration of active blink and periorbital facial expression. METHODS: Formalin-fixed human cadaver hemifaces were dissected to identify landmarks for the deep temporal branches and the tension-free coaptation lengths...
September 8, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956117/glenoid-morphology-and-the-safe-zone-for-protecting-the-suprascapular-nerve-during-baseplate-fixation-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#19
Yuhui Yang, Jianlin Zuo, Tong Liu, Pu Shao, Haihe Wu, Zhongli Gao, Jianlin Xiao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate glenoid morphology and define the safe zone for protecting the suprascapular nerve baseplate screw during baseplate fixation in reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in a Chinese population. METHODS: Shoulder computed tomography (CT) scans from 56 subjects were retrospectively reviewed. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction was performed using Mimics software, and corresponding bony references were used to evaluate glenoid morphology...
September 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955004/successful-treatment-of-mixed-mainly-cancer-pain-by-tramadol-preparations
#20
Shinji Kawahito, Tomohiro Soga, Naoji Mita, Shiho Satomi, Hiroyuki Kinoshita, Tomoko Arase, Akira Kondo, Hitoshi Miki, Kazumi Takaishi, Hiroshi Kitahata
The patient, a 70-year-old Japanese woman diagnosed with parotid gland cancer, underwent wide excision and reconstruction (facial nerve ablation, nerve transposition). At 1 month after the surgery, she was brought to our hospital's pain medicine department because her postoperative pain and cancer-related pain were poorly controlled. She had already been prescribed a tramadol (37.5 mg)/acetaminophen (325 mg) combination tablet (5 tablets/day). However, in addition to the continuous pain in her face and lower limbs, she was troubled by a trigeminal neuralgia-like prominence ache...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
keyword
keyword
77116
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"