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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#1
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438271/how-does-an-inventor-find-an-investor-or-partner-raising-funds-to-start-a-company
#2
Rudy A Mazzocchi
Rudy Mazzocchi has over 25 years of senior executive management, technology and intellectual property development, and financing experience in the medical-technology/biotechnology industries. He serves currently as cofounder/chief executive officer of ELENZA, Inc, an ophthalmology company that has developed an electro-active, autofocusing, implantable lens; executive chairman of Establishment Labs; executive chairman of LAFORGE Optical; and executive chairman of OptiSTENT, Inc. He served previously as managing director of Accuitive Medical Ventures and The Innovation Factory; cofounder/chief executive officer of Image-Guided NEUROLOGICS, acquired by Medtronic in 2005; and founding chief executive officer of MICROVENA Corporation, which became "eV3," acquired by Covidien...
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434929/rising-to-the-challenge-of-promoting-research-in-primary-health-care-and-nursing-research-productivity-and-professional-view
#3
Nuria Giménez, Conxi Caro, Ester Ponsa, Ángel Mauricio Perez Ortiz, Inma Navazo, Montse Gavagnach
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evolution of scientific production in a privately managed public institution, and to explore the perceptions of primary healthcare professionals with regard to research. METHOD: The institution includes a university hospital and 10 primary health centres, 673 physicians, and 747 nurses. A bibliometric analysis on scientific production was performed. A questionnaire was designed, with 5 sections (sociodemographic data, competences, needs, motivation and satisfaction s with research) and 40 items (scale of 1-10)...
April 20, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433726/managing-responsible-antimicrobial-use-perspectives-across-the-healthcare-system
#4
REVIEW
Oliver J Dyar, Gianpiero Tebano, Céline Pulcini
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems consist of building blocks. Shaping how these building blocks function and interact can promote responsible antimicrobial use, and this represents an important opportunity for managers at different points within healthcare systems to act upon. AIMS: To review real-world examples of how healthcare systems can promote responsible antimicrobial use, focusing on the role of governance and managers. SOURCES: We searched and reviewed existing literature and official documents, which mostly focused on antibiotics...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#5
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427303/values-based-practice-a-framework-for-thinking-with
#6
Kay Mohanna
Values are those principles that govern behaviours, and values-based practice has been described as a theory and skills base for effective healthcare decision-making where different (and hence potentially conflicting) values are in play. The emphasis is on good process rather than pre-set right outcomes, aiming to achieve balanced decision-making. In this article we will consider the utility of this model by looking at leadership development, a current area of much interest and investment in healthcare. Copeland points out that 'values based leadership behaviors are styles with a moral, authentic and ethical dimension', important qualities in healthcare decision-making...
April 21, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426536/exploring-the-interaction-between-nursing-decision-making-and-patient-outcomes-in-2-european-cancer-centers-a-qualitative-study
#7
Dario Valcarenghi, Annamaria Bagnasco, Giuseppe Aleo, Gianluca Catania, Milko Zanini, Bruno Cavaliere, Franco Carnevale, Loredana Sasso
BACKGROUND: In some clinical settings, nurses have difficulty describing the outcomes of their caring activities. Understanding the reasons for this could help nurse leaders to improve the effectiveness and visibility of nursing practice and safeguard nurses' working conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to understand how nurses working in 2 different adult cancer centers make healthcare decisions and assess the respective outcomes on their patients...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426520/nursing-practice-research-and-education-in-the-west-the-best-is-yet-to-come
#8
Heather M Young, Susan Bakewell-Sachs, Linda Sarna
PURPOSE: This paper celebrates the 60th anniversary of the Western Institute of Nursing, the nursing organization representing 13 states in the Western United States, and envisions a preferred future for nursing practice, research, and education. BACKGROUND: Three landmark calls to action contribute to transforming nursing and healthcare: the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010; the Institute of Medicine report Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health; and the report Advancing Healthcare Transformation: A New Era for Academic Nursing...
April 20, 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425890/biomedical-simulation-evolution-concepts-challenges-and-future-trends
#9
Carla Sá-Couto, Luís Patrão, Francisco Maio-Matos, José Miguel Pêgo
Biomedical simulation is an effective educational complement for healthcare training, both at undergraduate and postgraduate level. It enables knowledge, skills and attitudes to be acquired in a safe, educationally orientated and efficient manner. In this context, simulation provides skills and experience that facilitate the transfer of cognitive, psychomotor and proper communication competences, thus changing behavior and attitudes, and ultimately improving patient safety. Beyond the impact on individual and team performance, simulation provides an opportunity to study organizational failures and improve system performance...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423164/triple-aim-in-canada-developing-capacity-to-lead-to-better-health-care-and-cost
#10
Elina Farmanova, Christine Kirvan, Jennifer Verma, Geetha Mukerji, Nurdin Akunov, Kaye Phillips, Stephen Samis
Quality problem: Many modern health systems strive for 'Triple Aim' (TA)-better health for populations, improved experience of care for patients and lower costs of the system, but note challenges in implementation. Outcomes of applying TA as a quality improvement framework (QI) have started to be realized with early lessons as to why some systems make progress while others do not. Initial assessment: Limited evidence is available as to how organizations create the capacity and infrastructure required to design, implement, evaluate and sustain TA systems...
December 1, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413366/organizational-context-and-capabilities-for-integrating-care-a-framework-for-improvement
#11
Jenna M Evans, Agnes Grudniewicz, G Ross Baker, Walter P Wodchis
BACKGROUND: Interventions aimed at integrating care have become widespread in healthcare; however, there is significant variability in their success. Differences in organizational contexts and associated capabilities may be responsible for some of this variability. PURPOSE: This study develops and validates a conceptual framework of organizational capabilities for integrating care, identifies which of these capabilities may be most important, and explores the mechanisms by which they influence integrated care efforts...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406339/a-case-study-of-healthcare-providers-goals-during-interprofessional-rounds
#12
Michael Prystajecky, Tiffany Lee, Sylvia Abonyi, Robert Perry, Heather Ward
Daily interprofessional rounds enhance collaboration among healthcare providers and improve hospital performance measures. However, it is unclear how healthcare providers' goals influence the processes and outcomes of interprofessional rounds. The purpose of this case study was to explore the goals of healthcare providers attending interprofessional rounds in an internal medicine ward. The second purpose was to explore the challenges encountered by healthcare providers while pursuing these goals. Three focus groups were held with healthcare providers of diverse professional backgrounds...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#13
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401406/the-impact-of-militarism-patriarchy-and-culture-on-israeli-women-s-reproductive-health-and-well-being
#14
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash
PURPOSE: In this paper, we situate and frame Israeli women's reproductive health within the social, historical, political, cultural, and geographical context of Israeli women's lives. METHODS: We used a theoretical review in this paper. RESULTS: Militarism, patriarchy, and cultural values heavily shape and influence Jewish and Arab women's access to and experience of reproductive health when it comes to the imperative to have children, pregnancy, birth, access to contraception and abortion, and other reproductive healthcare services...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398615/baccalaureate-education-the-foundation-for-healthcare-board-participation
#15
Patricia Thomas, Debra Servello, Jane Williams
The governance of healthcare organizations is becoming more complex and is prompting changes in board structure and membership. The presence and contributions of nurses on governance structures will favorably influence the future of health care. The essentials of baccalaureate nursing education, along with the general education curriculum, provide learning opportunities that result in nursing students developing the leadership skills needed to serve on hospital and healthcare boards. The purpose of this article is to present the perspective that graduates of baccalaureate nursing programs possess the foundation to participate as members of hospital and healthcare boards...
April 11, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397314/supporting-clinical-leadership-through-action-the-nurse-consultant-role
#16
Elizabeth Rosser, Rachael Grey, Deborah Neal, Julie Reeve, Caroline Smith, Janine Valentine
The aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of an action learning set (ALS) to enhance clinical leadership and extend their scope and confidence more strategically. BACKGROUND: As the most senior clinical role in most healthcare systems, the consultant nurse role is a solitary one. They are required to develop personal resilience, commitment and a belief in their ability to lead, with new consultants needing a strong support network to succeed. DESIGN: Following a two year ALS, four nurse consultants, one therapy consultant, and a university educationalist engaged in a co-operative inquiry approach using four cycles of discussion, reflection, analysis and action over an 18 month period from March 2015 - July 2016, to learn how to change and enhance their working practices...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397160/implementation-of-a-tobacco-free-workplace-program-at-a-local-mental-health-authority
#17
Virmarie Correa-Fernández, William T Wilson, Deborah A Shedrick, Bryce Kyburz, Hannah L Samaha, Timothy Stacey, Teresa Williams, Cho Y Lam, Lorraine R Reitzel
Tobacco-free workplace policies that incorporate evidence-based practices can increase the reach and effectiveness of tobacco dependence treatment among underserved populations but may be underutilized due to limited knowledge about implementation processes. This paper describes the implementation of a comprehensive tobacco-free workplace program at a behavioral healthcare community center in Texas. The center participated in a tobacco-free workplace program implementation project that provided guidance and resources and allowed center autonomy in implementation...
April 10, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395621/how-expert-mentoring-can-pave-the-way-to-successful-leadership
#18
Laura Holliday, Paula Dawson, Carol Hall
It is vital for the healthcare system that nurses of children and young people have the ability and courage to lead. These qualities can affect all elements of healthcare, from direct care through service commissioning ( Royal College of Nursing 2014 ) to staff satisfaction and retention ( Kerfoot 2000 , Corning 2002 , Heller et al 2004 ).
April 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391712/leadership-development-practices-and-hospital-financial-outcomes
#19
Daniel Crowe, Andrew N Garman, Chien-Ching Li, Jeff Helton, Matthew M Anderson, Peter Butler
Affordable Care Act legislation is requiring leaders in US health systems to adapt to new and very different approaches to improving operating performance. Research from other industries suggests leadership development can be a helpful component of organizational change strategies; however, there is currently very little healthcare-specific research available to guide design and deployment. The goal of this exploratory study is to examine potential relationships between specific leadership development practices and health system financial outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385025/private-sector-accountable-care-organization-development-a-qualitative-study
#20
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Brian Hilligoss, Paula H Song
OBJECTIVES: To explore accountable care organizations (ACOs) as they develop in the private sector, including their motivation for development, perspectives from consumers regarding these emerging ACOs, and the critical success factors associated with ACO development. STUDY DESIGN: Comprehensive organizational case studies of 4 full-risk private sector ACOs that included in-person interviews with providers and administrators and focus groups with local consumers...
March 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
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