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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#1
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635480/leadership-styles-in-nursing
#2
Vicki Cope, Melanie Murray
Nurses are often asked to think about leadership, particularly in times of rapid change in healthcare, and where questions have been raised about whether leaders and managers have adequate insight into the requirements of care. This article discusses several leadership styles relevant to contemporary healthcare and nursing practice. Nurses who are aware of leadership styles may find this knowledge useful in maintaining a cohesive working environment. Leadership knowledge and skills can be improved through training, where, rather than having to undertake formal leadership roles without adequate preparation, nurses are able to learn, nurture, model and develop effective leadership behaviours, ultimately improving nursing staff retention and enhancing the delivery of safe and effective care...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629581/impact-of-a-teamstepps-trauma-nurse-academy-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#3
V Kristen Peters, Ellen M Harvey, Andi Wright, Jennifer Bath, Dan Freeman, Bryan Collier
PROBLEM: Nurses are crucial members of the team caring for the acutely injured trauma patient. Until recently, nurses and physicians gained an understanding of leadership and supportive roles separately. With the advent of a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma care, formal team training and simulation has transpired. METHODS: Since 2007, our Level I trauma system has integrated TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance & Patient Safety; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD) into our clinical care, joint training of nurses and physicians, using simulations with participation of all health care providers...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623922/use-of-simulation-based-medical-training-in-swiss-pediatric-hospitals-a-national-survey
#4
Martin Stocker, Kathryn Laine, Francis Ulmer
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based medical training (SBMT) is a powerful tool for continuing medical education. In contrast to the Anglo-Saxon medical education community, up until recently, SBMT was scarce in continental Europe's pediatric health care education: In 2009, only 3 Swiss pediatric health care institutions used SBMT. The Swiss catalogue of objectives in Pediatrics does not acknowledge SBMT. The aim of this survey is to describe and analyze the current state of SBMT in Swiss pediatric hospitals and health care departments...
June 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617971/risk-factors-that-influence-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-portuguese-university-students
#5
M J Santos, E Ferreira, J Duarte, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: University students have unprotected sex and associate alcohol and/or drugs with sexual practices. These behaviours are risk factors for influencing sexual and reproductive health that can be targeted by nursing interventions. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the risk and protective factors influencing sexual and reproductive risk-taking behaviours in university students. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional and correlational study in a sample of 1946 students...
June 15, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#6
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603550/health-system-governance-to-support-scale-up-of-mental-health-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#7
Charlotte Hanlon, Tigist Eshetu, Daniel Alemayehu, Abebaw Fekadu, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Fred Kigozi, Debra Leigh Marais, Inge Petersen, Atalay Alem
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is embarking upon a ground-breaking plan to address the high levels of unmet need for mental health care by scaling up mental health care integrated within primary care. Health system governance is expected to impact critically upon the success or otherwise of this important initiative. The objective of the study was to explore the barriers, facilitators and potential strategies to promote good health system governance in relation to scale-up of mental health care in Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588998/significance-of-informal-on-the-job-learning-and-leadership-development-in-health-systems-lessons-from-a-district-finance-team-in-south-africa
#8
S Choonara, J Goudge, N Nxumalo, J Eyles
BACKGROUND: The district health system (DHS) has a critical role to play in the delivery of primary healthcare (PHC). Effective district management, particularly leadership is considered to be crucial element of the DHS. Internationally, the debate around developing leadership competencies such as motivation or empowerment of staff, managing relationships, being solution driven as well as fostering teamwork are argued to be possible through approaches such as formal and informal training...
January 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587508/threats-or-violence-from-patients-was-associated-with-turnover-intention-among-foreign-born-gps-a-comparison-of-four-workplace-factors-associated-with-attitudes-of-wanting-to-quit-one-s-job-as-a-gp
#9
Mari Eneroth, Marie Gustafsson Sendén, Karin Schenck Gustafsson, Maja Wall, Ann Fridner
OBJECTIVE: General practitioners (GPs) are crucial in medical healthcare, but there is currently a shortage of GPs in Sweden and elsewhere. Recruitment of GPs from abroad is essential, but foreign-born physicians face difficulties at work that may be related to turnover intention, i.e. wanting to quit one's job. The study aims to explore the reasons to why foreign-born GPs may intend to quit their job. DESIGN: Survey data were used to compare four work-related factors that can be associated with turnover intentions; patient-related stress, threats or violence from patients, control of work pace, and empowering leadership, among native-born and foreign-born GPs...
June 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552260/going-beyond-two-getherness-nurse-managers-experiences-of-working-together-in-a-leadership-model-where-more-than-two-share-the-same-chair
#10
Marianne Döös, Helene Vinell, Mia von Knorring
OBJECTIVE: To explore nurse manager experiences of working in leadership constellations where more than two managers share leadership, and to compare this multilateral sharing form to what is known about experiences of working in joint leadership in pairs. DESIGN AND SETTING: A qualitative design based on semi-structured interviews with nurse managers in two multilaterally shared leadership constellations at two intensive care units at an emergency hospital in Sweden...
May 25, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545802/attitudes-towards-disorders-of-sex-development-nomenclature-among-affected-individuals
#11
Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Diane Chen, Elizabeth B Yerkes, Mary Beth Madonna, Jane L Holl, Arlene B Baratz, Georgiann Davis, Earl Y Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Although now commonly used in medicine, the updated "disorders of sex development" (DSD) nomenclature formally introduced in 2006 has never been universally accepted by members of the affected community, particularly advocacy groups. Use of this nomenclature by medical professionals may unintentionally negatively affect access to healthcare and research for individuals with DSD conditions. OBJECTIVE: Among individuals affected by various DSD diagnoses, this study sought to (1) evaluate attitudes towards potentially controversial DSD terminology, (2) determine potential impact of terminology on how affected individuals access healthcare, and (3) explore alternate terms...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544310/implementing-the-psychosocial-standards-in-pediatric-cancer-current-staffing-and-services-available
#12
Michele A Scialla, Kimberly S Canter, Fang Fang Chen, E Anders Kolb, Eric Sandler, Lori Wiener, Anne E Kazak
BACKGROUND: Fifteen evidence-based Standards for Psychosocial Care for Children with Cancer and Their Families (Standards) were published in 2015. The Standards cover a broad range of topics and circumstances and require qualified multidisciplinary staff to be implemented. This paper presents data on the availability of psychosocial staff and existing practices at pediatric oncology programs in the United States, providing data that can be used to advocate for expanded services and prepare for implementation of the Standards...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539081/leadership-research-in-healthcare-a-realist-review
#13
Federico Lega, Anna Prenestini, Matilde Rosso
Being largely considered a human right, healthcare needs leaders who are able to make choices and to set directions. Following the recommendations expressed by Gilmartin and D'Aunno's review and roadmap compiled in 2008, today, it is important to acknowledge researchers' contributions to outline this landscape. The realist review of 77 publications answered questions such as "what works, for whom, and in which circumstances" highlighting: the effectiveness and acceptance of transformational and collaborative approaches; professionalism, expertise, and good task delegation within operational teams; distributed leadership, relationships, and social responsibility at a systemic level...
May 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538055/high-reliability-principles-must-be-tied-to-value-based-outcomes
#14
Mitchell L Wasden
WellStar Health System and the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), highlighted in this issue's feature articles, are two organizations seeking to drive high reliability by educating leaders and incorporating high-reliability principles into their quality improvement (QI) efforts. The organizations have taken slightly different approaches to executing on high reliability, yet both are encouraged by the apparent success of high-reliability principles in other industries.The high-reliability framework is often applied to healthcare despite the limitations of comparing healthcare organizations to nuclear reactors, commercial airlines, and aircraft carriers...
July 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536137/the-right-care-every-time-improving-adherence-to-evidence-based-guidelines
#15
Jane Runnacles, Alice Roueché, Peter Lachman
Guidelines are integral to reducing variation in paediatric care by ensuring that children receive the right care, every time. However, for reasons discussed in this paper, clinicians do not always follow evidence-based guidelines. Strategies to improve guideline usage tend to focus on dissemination and education. These approaches, however, do not address some of the more complex factors that influence whether a guideline is used in clinical practice. In this article, part of the Equipped Quality Improvement series, we outline the literature on barriers to guideline adherence and present practical solutions to address these barriers...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525923/a-national-implementation-project-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-nursing-home-residents
#16
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Jennifer Meddings, Sarah L Krein, Sara E McNamara, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Nimalie D Stone, Lillian Min, Steven J Schweon, Andrew J Rolle, Russell N Olmsted, Dale R Burwen, James Battles, Barbara Edson, Sanjay Saint
Importance: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in nursing home residents is a common cause of sepsis, hospital admission, and antimicrobial use leading to colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms. Objective: To develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention to reduce catheter-associated UTI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large-scale prospective implementation project was conducted in community-based nursing homes participating in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care...
May 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499516/improving-cpr-performance
#17
REVIEW
Boulos S Nassar, Richard Kerber
Cardiac arrest continues to represent a public health burden with most patients having dismal outcomes. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a complex set of interventions requiring leadership, coordination, and best practices. Despite the widespread adoption of new evidence in various guidelines, the provision of CPR remains variable with poor adherence to published recommendations. Key steps health care systems can take to enhance the quality of CPR and, potentially, to improve outcomes, include optimizing chest compressions; avoiding hyperventilation; encouraging intraosseus access, and monitoring capnography...
May 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493636/families-perceptions-of-the-contribution-of-intellectual-disability-clinical-nurse-specialists-id-cnss-in-ireland
#18
Owen Doody, Eamonn Slevin, Laurence Taggart
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore families perceptions of the contribution of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in intellectual disability nursing in Ireland. BACKGROUND: CNS roles have developed over the years and are seen as complex and multifaceted, causing confusion, frustration and controversy. 2001 saw the formal introduction of CNS roles in Ireland across nursing including intellectual disability. DESIGN: A exploratory qualitative approach utilising semi-structured one-to-one interviews with 10 family members regarding their perceptions of the CNS in intellectual disability...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488839/nurses-need-not-be-guilty-bystanders-caring-for-vulnerable-immigrant-populations
#19
Elizabeth Moran Fitzgerald, Judith G Myers, Paul Clark
Nurses face many dilemmas when providing healthcare to immigrants, a vulnerable population. Racist, rancorous dialogue can create a hostile care environment that may place patients at risk for substandard care. This article presents a two part case study about a Hispanic patient to illustrate both examples of inappropriate dialogue (Part I) and potential nursing actions (Part 2). The authors review myths versus facts about Hispanic immigrants and introduce activist Thomas Merton’s concept of the guilty bystander, the nursing professional code of ethics, and Professor Joseph Badaracco’s concepts of quiet leadership as practical tools and approaches that nurses can use to advocate for safe, quality, ethical care of immigrant populations...
December 1, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485907/-the-ethical-leadership-of-the-nursing-ward-managers-as-a-key-determinant-of-nurses-organisational-behaviours-in-the-healthcare-settings
#20
Francesco Zaghini, Valentina Biagioli, Roberta Fida, Alessandro Sili
AIM: The main aim of this study is to examine the influence of the coordinator's ethical leadership on nurses' emotions (i.e., positive and negative) and work behaviours. METHOD: A questionnaire was administered in paper format, including well-validated scales reported in literature, to a sample of 347 nurses working in a university hospital. A structural equation model has been tested after examining Pearson's correlations among study variables. RESULTS: The coordinator's ethical leadership is strongly related to the implementation of nurses' organisational citizenship behaviour and counterproductive work behaviour, which are influenced by their emotions...
January 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
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