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Omphalitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865488/the-influence-of-3-different-navel-dips-on-calf-health-growth-performance-and-umbilical-infection-assessed-by-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-examination
#1
M Wieland, S Mann, C L Guard, D V Nydam
The objectives were to investigate the effect of 3 navel dips on (1) umbilical infection, (2) health events (pneumonia, diarrhea, and arthritis), and (3) average daily gain (ADG) in newborn dairy calves. A secondary aim was to compare the agreement of standardized ultrasonographic examination with clinical examination for the diagnosis of umbilical infection. In a randomized block design, newborn calves were assigned by birth order to 3 treatment groups: Navel Guard (NG; SCG-Solutions Inc., McDonough, GA), 7% iodine tincture (SI), and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CH)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803145/case-1-recurrent-omphalitis-and-nonhealing-ulcers-in-a-7-month-old-girl
#2
Shobhan Sivathanu, Sowmya Sampath, Indhumathi Sridhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790440/outstanding-prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-neonatal-omphalitis
#3
Mallika Sengupta, Sayantan Banerjee, Pritam Banerjee, Partha Guchhait
INTRODUCTION: Omphalitis is the infection of the umbilical cord stump, which can lead to septicaemia and significant neonatal morbidity and mortality. Very little data is available on the aetiology of neonatal omphalitis in India. AIM: To identify the causative agents of omphalitis in neonates and determine the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at ESI-PGIMSR and ESIC Medical College, Joka, a tertiary care teaching hospital in Eastern India for a period of four months (from 1st January 2016 to 30th April 2016)...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759656/umbilical-cord-and-visceral-hemangiomas-diagnosed-in-the-neonatal-period-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Alicia Iglesias-Deus, Alejandro Pérez-Muñuzuri, Adela Urisarri, Adolfo Bautista-Casasnovas, Maria-Luz Couce
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord hemangioma is very rare and may not be detected prenatally. However, it should be considered in differential diagnosis with other umbilical masses because it can cause significant morbidity. METHODS: We report the case of a newborn referred with suspected omphalitis and umbilical hernia. RESULTS: Physical examination showed an irreducible umbilical tumor, the size of olive, with dubious secretion. The initial suspected diagnosis was urachal or omphalomesenteric duct remnants...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693438/efficacy-of-chlorhexidine-application-to-umbilical-cord-on-neonatal-mortality-in-pemba-tanzania-a-community-based-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Sunil Sazawal, Usha Dhingra, Said M Ali, Arup Dutta, Saikat Deb, Shaali M Ame, Mkasha H Mkasha, Ashish Yadav, Robert E Black
BACKGROUND: In low-income countries, including the east African region, a third of neonatal deaths are due to infections. A substantial proportion of these have been attributed to sepsis, which can result from umbilical cord infections. Evidence from Asia suggests that chlorhexidine application to the neonatal umbilical cord reduces mortality, but no data from Africa are available. We aimed to assess the effect of umbilical cord cleansing with 4% chlorhexidine solution on neonatal mortality and omphalitis in rural settings of sub-Saharan Africa...
November 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685954/laparoscopic-evaluation-of-umbilical-disorders-in-calves
#6
Mickaël Robert, Gwenola Touzot-Jourde, Olga Nikolayenkova-Topie, Nora Cesbron, Borhane Fellah, Caroline Tessier, Olivier Gauthier
OBJECTIVE: To describe a laparoscopic technique for evaluating umbilical disorders in calves, including feasibility, visualization of umbilical structures, and related complications. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Male calves (15 Holstein, 2 Montbeliard) with umbilical disorders (n=17). METHODS: Calves <2 months old with obvious umbilical disease were assessed by clinical examination and ultrasonography of the umbilical structures...
September 29, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573092/umbilical-cord-care-in-the-newborn-infant
#7
Dan Stewart, William Benitz
Postpartum infections remain a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A high percentage of these infections may stem from bacterial colonization of the umbilicus, because cord care practices vary in reflection of cultural traditions within communities and disparities in health care practices globally. After birth, the devitalized umbilical cord often proves to be an ideal substrate for bacterial growth and also provides direct access to the bloodstream of the neonate. Bacterial colonization of the cord not infrequently leads to omphalitis and associated thrombophlebitis, cellulitis, or necrotizing fasciitis...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311991/neonatal-mortality-and-topical-application-of-chlorhexidine-on-umbilical-cord-stump-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#8
J A Shariff, K C Lee, A Leyton, S Abdalal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of topical chlorhexidine as an intervention on neonatal umbilical cord stumps and its association with neonatal mortality and omphalitis. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, IMSEAR, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register and Clinicaltrials.gov were screened until September 1, 2015 to identify RCTs that met the inclusion criteria...
June 13, 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237760/an-unusual-infection-in-ms-patient-treated-with-dimethyl-fumarate-a-case-report-of-omphalitis
#9
L Lorefice, G Fenu, F Cabras, J Frau, G C Coghe, L Loi, M G Marrosu, E Cocco
BACKGROUND: Notoriously the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) is based on the use of several different drugs, characterized by a diverse mechanism of action, efficacy and safety. Recently, progress has been made towards developing new oral immunotherapies, and dimethyl fumarate is the third oral agent approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting forms. CASE: A 24-year-old patient, affected by relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, started treatment in December 2014 with dimethyl fumarate...
May 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109088/umbilical-cord-cleansing-with-chlorhexidine-in-neonates-a-systematic-review
#10
M J Sankar, A Chandrasekaran, A Ravindranath, R Agarwal, V K Paul
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the efficacy of chlorhexidine application to the umbilical cord in neonates. We searched MEDLINE and other electronic databases, and included all RCTs that evaluated the effect of single or multiple chlorhexidine cord applications on the neonatal mortality rate (NMR) and/or the incidence of systemic sepsis and omphalitis. A total of six RCTs-four community-based cluster RCTs and two hospital-based trials-were included in the review...
May 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097574/-clinical-features-and-hospital-costs-of-neonatal-sepsis-caused-by-bacteria-and-fungi-a-comparative-analysis
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Qian Zhao, Yan Chen, Yang Wang, Dou-Dou Xu
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and hospital costs of neonatal sepsis caused by Gram-positive (G(+)) bacteria, Gram-negative (G(-)) bacteria, and fungi. METHODS: The clinical data of 236 neonates with sepsis were analyzed retrospectively. Among these neonates, 110 had sepsis caused by G(+) bacteria, 68 had sepsis caused by G(-) bacteria, and 58 had sepsis caused by fungi. RESULTS: Full-term infants accounted for 62% and 38%, respectively, in the G(+) bacteria and G(-) bacteria groups, and preterm infants accounted for 86% in the fungi group...
April 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924654/leukocyte-adhesion-deficiency-i-clinical-and-molecular-characterization-in-an-indian-population
#12
Prashant Deshpande, Kotteeswari Kathirvel, Ansu Abu Alex, Anu Korula, Biju George, R V Shaji, Vikram Mathews
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and flow cytometric immunophenotyping details of 26 patients of Leukocyte adhesion deficiency-I (LAD-I) along with molecular characterization of 7 patients. METHODS: Diagnosis of LAD-I was suspected on the basis of clinical features, white blood cell count and absolute neutrophil counts and flow cytometric assessment of expression of CD18 and CD11(a, b, c) on leukocytes. Mutation analysis was performed using DNA PCR and conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis (CSGE) technique followed by sequencing...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904447/histopathologic-features-in-a-case-of-hyperimmunoglobulinemia-d-syndrome
#13
Sarah Pace, Jonathan Bingham, Michael Royer
We describe a case of Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) also known as Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D Syndrome (HIDS) presenting as a Sweet-like syndrome in a 5-week-old with multiple erythematous plaques, fever, aseptic meningitis, and bronchiolitis. The locations of the predominant plaques were periumbilical and periocular, which originally prompted concern for omphalitis and preseptal cellulitis. Histopathology demonstrated a neutrophilic and histiocytic dermatitis with prominent squamous syringometaplasia and leukocytoclasis in the absence of a vasculitis...
December 2015: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791141/single-center-epidemiology-of-omphalitis-do-cord-clamps-matter
#14
Raghav Madan, Kathleen McLaughlin, Eugene Cepeda, Nitin Chouthai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26682560/recurrent-omphalitis-secondary-to-a-hair-containing-umbilical-foreign-body
#15
LETTER
Beatriz Aranegui, Carlos Gonzalez-Herrada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26534769/transumbilical-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-long-term-review-from-a-single-center
#16
Shuodong Wu, Chao Lv, Yu Tian, Ying Fan, Hong Yu, Jing Kong, Yongnan Li, Xiaopeng Yu, Dianbo Yao, Yongsheng Chen, Jinyan Han
BACKGROUND: Currently, researches about single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) are various, but long-term reviews assessing relevant complications after SILC with considerable amount of case series are rare. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed a large series of 529 patients undergoing SILC to assess the long-term postoperative recovery, including postoperative complications, retained symptoms, and quality of life. Finally, we assessed its associated risk factors related to SILC patients' recovery in the long term...
August 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166993/falciform-ligament-abscess-secondary-to-neonatal-omphalitis-a-potential-complication-of-home-delivery
#17
Sri Harsha Bokka, Bikram K Behera, Manoj Kumar Mohanty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26031233/transumbilical-cord-access-tuca-for-laparoscopy-in-infants-and-children-simple-safe-and-fast
#18
REVIEW
Ralf-Bodo Tröbs, M Reza Vahdad, Grigore Cernaianu
PURPOSE: We herein report a case series evaluating the safety and complication rate of transumbilical cord access (TUCA) for pediatric laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Data were collected for 556 infants and children. Access into the abdominal cavity was gained via a transverse infraumbilical stab incision passing the fibrotic umbilical cord remnant. Ninety-two infants underwent laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LPM), 159 female infants underwent herniorrhaphy (LHR) and 309 infants underwent appendectomy (LAP)...
February 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26007247/experience-of-exchange-transfusion-in-a-newly-established-scanu-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#19
M A Hossain, M N Islam, M A Ali, A Khaleque, L Yeasmin, K J Bhuiyan, M M Rahman
Hyperbilirubinemia is common in neonates. The value of exchange transfusion (ET) is recognized. The procedure has some risks and complications. This descriptive observational cross sectional study was done in the Neonatology department during the period of January 2013 to December 2013. Total 62 patients were studied. ET was done in 47 patients. Among 47 patients, 29(61.7%) were male and 18(38.3%) were female. The most common cause of ET was Rh incompatibility (46.8%). In order of frequency, major findings were ABO incompatibility (25...
April 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25940433/umbolith-a-cause-of-umbilical-discharge-and-omphalitis
#20
Gabriel Rodrigues
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Infection
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