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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634450/leonurine-improves-age-dependent-impaired-angiogenesis-possible-involvement-of-mitochondrial-function-and-hif-1%C3%AE-dependent-vegf-activation
#1
Jia Qi, Jing J Wang, Jun L Duan, Zhao Y Lu, Yang G Yuan
Objective: Advanced age is associated with impaired angiogenesis in part because of mitochondrial dysfunction. We have recently reported that leonurine exerts protective effects in neuron via regulation of mitochondrial function. The aim of this study was to explore whether leonurine is able to attenuate mitochondrial dysfunction and to enhance angiogenesis in old rats with hindlimb ischemia. Methods and Results: At day 14 after surgery, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression was decreased in the ischemic muscle of aged animals, which was accompanied by enhanced oxidative stress, increased mitochondrial damage, decreased capillary density, and reduced limb perfusion compared with young mice...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633548/polyquaternium-mediated-delivery-of-morpholino-oligonucleotides-for-exon-skipping-in-vitro-and-in-mdx-mice
#2
Mingxing Wang, Bo Wu, Sapana N Shah, Peijuan Lu, Qilong Lu
Antisense oligonucleotide therapy for Duchenne muscular dystrophy has shown great potential in preclinical and clinical trials, but its therapeutic applications are still limited due to inefficient delivery. In this study, we investigated a few polyquaterniums (PQs) with different size and composition for their potential to improve delivery performance of an antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer (PMO) both in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that Luviquat(TM) series, especially PQ-1 and PQ-3, promoted the exon-skipping efficiency comparable to Endoporter-mediated PMO delivery in vitro...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631905/-rationale-of-pharmacotherapy-duration-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-a-clinical-morphological-study
#3
M E Sitdykova, D E Tsyplakov, E N Sitdykov, A R Nurtdinov
AIM: To investigate the nature of morphological alterations in the urinary bladder wall in BPH patients receiving pharmacotherapy to establish treatment time limits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 120 BPH patients who underwent a transvesical adenomectomy. Prior to the surgery, 110 patients received pharmacotherapy (-blockers and 5-reductase inhibitors) lasting from 1-6 months to 5-10 years. Preoperative evaluation included a standard diagnostic algorithm...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631758/bioengineered-constructs-combined-with-exercise-enhance-stem-cell-mediated-treatment-of-volumetric-muscle-loss
#4
Marco Quarta, Melinda Cromie, Robert Chacon, Justin Blonigan, Victor Garcia, Igor Akimenko, Mark Hamer, Patrick Paine, Merel Stok, Joseph B Shrager, Thomas A Rando
Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is associated with loss of skeletal muscle function, and current treatments show limited efficacy. Here we show that bioconstructs suffused with genetically-labelled muscle stem cells (MuSCs) and other muscle resident cells (MRCs) are effective to treat VML injuries in mice. Imaging of bioconstructs implanted in damaged muscles indicates MuSCs survival and growth, and ex vivo analyses show force restoration of treated muscles. Histological analysis highlights myofibre formation, neovascularisation, but insufficient innervation...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630575/acute-and-post-exercise-physiological-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-in-endurance-and-sprint-athletes
#5
Lukas Cipryan, Gerhard Tschakert, Peter Hofmann
The purpose of the presented study was to compare acute and post-exercise differences in cardiorespiratory, metabolic, cardiac autonomic, inflammatory and muscle damage responses to high-intensity interval exercise (HIIT) between endurance and sprint athletes. The study group consisted of sixteen highly-trained males (age 22.1 ± 2.5 years) participating in endurance (n = 8) or sprint (n = 8) sporting events. All the participants underwent three exercise sessions: short HIIT (work interval duration 30s), long HIIT (3min) and constant load exercise (CE)...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629959/glycemic-control-and-muscle-damage-in-3-athletes-with-type-1-diabetes-during-a-successful-performance-in-a-relay-ultramarathon-a-case-report
#6
Taisa Belli, Denise V de Macedo, Pedro P M Scariot, Gustavo G de Araújo, Ivan G M Dos Reis, Fernanda L Lazarim, Lázaro A S Nunes, René Brenzikofer, Claudio A Gobatto
Ultramarathon races are fairly demanding and impose substantial physiological stress on healthy athletes. These competitions may thus be considerably more challenging for individuals with diabetes. This case study aims to describe glycemic control, muscle damage, inflammation, and renal function in 3 athletes with type 1 diabetes during a successful performance in a relay ultramarathon. The team completed the race in 29 hours and 28 minutes, earning third place. The total distance covered by each athlete was 68...
June 16, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629353/lipid-emulsion-mitigates-impaired-pulmonary-function-induced-by-limb-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats-through-attenuation-of-local-cellular-injury-and-the-subsequent-systemic-inflammatory
#7
Fangfang Xia, Yun Xia, Sisi Chen, Lulu Chen, Weijuan Zhu, Yuanqing Chen, Thomas J Papadimos, Xuzhong Xu, Le Liu
BACKGROUND: Limb ischemia/reperfusion causes inflammation and elicits oxidative stress that may lead to local tissue damage and remote organ such as lung injury. This study investigates pulmonary function after limb ischemia/reperfusion and the protective effect of a lipid emulsion (Intralipid). METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into three groups: sham operation group (group S), ischemia/reperfusion group (group IR), and lipid emulsion treatment group (group LE)...
June 19, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627636/formulation-and-characterization-of-egcg-for-the-treatment-of-superficial-bladder-cancer
#8
Katarzyna Dettlaff, Maciej Stawny, Magdalena Ogrodowczyk, Anna Jelińska, Waldemar Bednarski, Dorota Wątróbska-Świetlikowska, Rick W Keck, Omar A Khan, Ibrahim H Mostafa, Jerzy Jankun
In the United States, the annual incidence of bladder cancer is approximately 70,000 new cases, with a mortality rate of approximately 15,000/year. The most common subtype (70%) of bladder cancer is superficial, namely hte non-muscle invasive disease form limited to the urothelium. The rate of progression and recurrence is up to 40 and 70%, respectively. Urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder is typically treated with transurethral resection. The cancerous cells can float onto the adjacent epithelium, increasing the risk of recurrence...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627493/parasitic-infections-in-the-east-asian-finless-porpoise-neophocaena-asiaeorientalis-sunameri-living-off-the-chinese-yellow-bohai-sea-coast
#9
X L Wan, J S Zheng, W X Li, X Y Zeng, J W Yang, Y J Hao, D Wang
Parasitic disease is among the major causes of health problems in marine mammals. However, little information on parasitic species composition and infection levels in finless porpoises (Neophocaena spp.) is available. In this study, we report the first systematic survey on parasitic infections in the East Asian finless porpoise N. asiaeorientalis sunameri (EAFP) living off the Chinese Yellow/Bohai Sea coast. Using both morphological and molecular methods, 5 parasitic helminths were identified: Campula oblonga in the liver and pancreas; Synthesium seymouri in the pyloric stomach and duodenum ampulla; Anisakis pegreffii in the forestomach, main stomach, and esophagus; Halocercus sp...
June 19, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626332/3d-motion-analysis-of-the-wrist-splint-effect-to-wrist-joint-movement
#10
Joong-Il Shin, Soo-Hee Park
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the degree of straightness of the wrist joint, depending on the use of a wrist splint while opening a bottle cap. Its results may provide data for later studies on preventing accidents at workplaces and improving efficiency. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty Male and Female in their twenties who did not have hand-related diseases, fractures, or history that included neurological impairments associated with the hand were selected as subjects of the study. Wrist splints were made to fit the hand and lower arm of each subject...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625916/er-stress-disturbs-sr-er-mitochondria-ca-2-transfer-implications-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#11
Marion Pauly, Claire Angebault-Prouteau, Haikel Dridi, Cécile Notarnicola, Valérie Scheuermann, Alain Lacampagne, Stefan Matecki, Jérémy Fauconnier
Besides its role in calcium (Ca(2+)) homeostasis, the sarco-endoplamic reticulum (SR/ER) controls protein folding and is tethered to mitochondria.Under pathophysiological conditions the unfolded protein response (UPR) is associated with disturbance in SR/ER-mitochondria crosstalk. Here, we investigated whether ER stress altered SR/ER-mitochondria links, Ca(2+) handling and muscle damage in WT (Wild Type) and mdx mice, the murine model of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). In WT mice, the SR/ER-mitochondria links were decreased in isolated FDB muscle fibers after injection of ER stress activator tunicamycin (TM)...
June 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623906/correlations-between-inflammatory-cytokines-muscle-damage-markers-and-acute-postoperative-pain-following-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#12
Hai-Bo Si, Ti-Min Yang, Yi Zeng, Zong-Ke Zhou, Fu-Xing Pei, Yan-Rong Lu, Jing-Qiu Cheng, Bin Shen
BACKGROUND: Despite the success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in reducing knee pain and improving functional disability, the management of acute postoperative pain is still unsatisfactory. This study was aimed to quantitatively analyze the possible correlations between inflammatory cytokines, muscle damage markers and acute postoperative pain following primary TKA. METHODS: Patients scheduled for unilateral primary TKA were consecutively included, the serial changes of the numerical rating scale (NRS) at rest (NRSR) and at walking (NRSW), serum inflammatory cytokines and muscle damage markers were assessed before surgery (T0) and at postoperative day 1, 2, 3 and 5 (T1-T4, respectively); while pain disability questionnaire (PDQ) and synovial fluid inflammatory cytokines were evaluated at T0...
June 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623559/ifn-%C3%AE-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-and-mitochondrial-damage-contribute-to-muscle-impairment-and-inflammation-maintenance-in-dermatomyositis
#13
Alain Meyer, Gilles Laverny, Yves Allenbach, Elise Grelet, Vanessa Ueberschlag, Andoni Echaniz-Laguna, Béatrice Lannes, Ghada Alsaleh, Anne Laure Charles, François Singh, Joffrey Zoll, Evelyne Lonsdorfer, François Maurier, Olivier Boyer, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Anne Sophie Nicot, Jocelyn Laporte, Olivier Benveniste, Daniel Metzger, Jean Sibilia, Bernard Geny
Dermatomyositis (DM) is an autoimmune disease associated with enhanced type I interferon (IFN) signalling in skeletal muscle, but the mechanisms underlying muscle dysfunction and inflammation perpetuation remain unknown. Transcriptomic analysis of early untreated DM muscles revealed that the main cluster of down-regulated genes was mitochondria-related. Histochemical, electron microscopy, and in situ oxygraphy analysis showed mitochondrial abnormalities, including increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and decreased respiration, which was correlated with low exercise capacities and a type I IFN signature...
June 16, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623422/effects-of-omega-3-on-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-myoblast-transplantation-and-satellite-cell-activation-in-dystrophin-deficient-muscle-fibers
#14
Samara Camaçari de Carvalho, Sajedah M Hindi, Ashok Kumar, Maria Julia Marques
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), lack of dystrophin leads to progressive muscle degeneration, with DMD patients suffering from cardiorespiratory failure. Cell therapy is an alternative to life-long corticoid therapy. Satellite cells, the stem cells of skeletal muscles, do not completely compensate for the muscle damage in dystrophic muscles. Elevated levels of proinflammatory and profibrotic factors, such as metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), impair muscle regeneration, leading to extensive fibrosis and poor results with myoblast transplantation therapies...
June 17, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622554/evaluation-of-dna-damage-induced-by-gamma-radiation-in-gill-and-muscle-tissues-of-cyprinus-carpio-and-their-relative-sensitivity
#15
Praveen Kumar M K, Soorambail K Shyama, Avelyno D'Costa, Samit B Kadam, Bhagatsingh Harisingh Sonaye, Ramesh Chandra Chaubey
The effect of radiation on the aquatic environment is of major concern in recent years. Limited data is available on the genotoxicity of gamma radiation on different tissues of aquatic organisms. Hence, the present investigation was carried out to study the DNA damage induced by gamma radiation in the gill and muscle tissues and their relative sensitivity using the comet assay in the freshwater teleost fish, common carp (Cyprinus carpio). The comet assay was optimized and validated in common carp using cyclophosphamide (CP), a reference genotoxic agent...
June 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621492/tendons-and-ligaments-connecting-developmental-biology-to-musculoskeletal-disease-pathogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Hiroshi Asahara, Masafumi Inui, Martin K Lotz
Tendons and ligaments provide connections between muscle and bone or bone and bone to enable locomotion. Damage to tendons and ligaments caused by acute or chronic injury or associated with aging and arthritis is a prevalent cause of disability. Improvements in approaches for the treatment of these conditions depend on a better understanding of tendon and ligament development, cell biology and pathophysiology. This review focuses on recent advances in the discovery of transcription factors that control ligament and tendon cell differentiation, how cell and extracellular matrix homeostasis are altered in disease and how this new insight can lead to novel therapeutic approaches...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620011/dietary-restriction-but-not-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-blockade-improves-dna-damage-related-vasodilator-dysfunction%C3%A2-in-rapidly-aging-ercc1-%C3%AE-mice
#17
Haiyan Wu, Bibi S van Thiel, Paula Katherine Bautista-Nino, Erwin Reiling, Matej Durik, Frank P J Leijten, Yanto Ridwan, Renata M C Brandt, Harry van Steeg, Martijn E T Dollé, Wilbert P Vermeij, Jan H J Hoeijmakers, Jeroen Essers, Ingrid van der Pluijm, A H Jan Danser, Anton J M Roks
DNA damage is an important contributor to endothelial dysfunction and age-related vascular disease. Recently, we demonstrated in a DNA repair-deficient, prematurely aging mouse model ( Ercc1(∆/-) mice) that dietary restriction (DR) strongly increases life- and health span, including ameliorating endothelial dysfunction, by preserving genomic integrity. In this mouse mutant displaying prominent accelerated, age-dependent endothelial dysfunction we investigated the signaling pathways involved in improved endothelium-mediated vasodilation by DR, and explore the potential role of the renin-angiotensin system ...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619496/injury-to-the-lumbar-plexus-and-its-branches-following-lateral-fusion-procedures-a-cadaver-study
#18
Peter Grunert, Doniel Drazin, Joe Iwanaga, Cameron Schmidt, Fernando Alonso, Marc Moisi, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Neurological deficits from lumbar plexus nerve injuries commonly occur in patients undergoing lateral approaches. However, it is not yet clear what types of injury occur, where anatomically they are located, or what mechanism causes them. We aimed, to study (a) the topographic anatomy of lumbar plexus nerves and their injuries in human cadavers after lateral transpsoas approaches to the lumbar spine, (b) the structural morphology of those injuries, (c) the topographic anatomy of the lumbar plexus throughout the mediolateral approach corridor...
June 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618761/the-effects-of-iloprost-and-alprostadil-on-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-preventing-inflammation-tissue-degeneration-and-apoptosis-in-rat-skeletal-muscle
#19
Elif Güneysu, Atacan Emre Koçman, Orhan Özatik, Cengiz Ovali, Betül Can, İbrahim Özkan Alataş, Mustafa Behçet Sevin
BACKGROUND/AIM: The protective effects of prostaglandin (PG) analogs on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) have been well documented; however, comparative studies are lacking. The aim of the present study was to determine whether iloprost or alprostadil is more effective in preventing muscle I/R injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two rats were divided into four groups (n = 8): sham, control, IL (I/R + iloprost), and AL (I/R + alprostadil). I/R was induced by a tourniquet in the hindlimb for 3 h/3 h...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618658/the-impact-of-multiple-stressors-on-the-biomarkers-response-in-gills-and-liver-of-freshwater-breams-during-different-seasons
#20
Jovana Kostić, Stoimir Kolarević, Margareta Kračun-Kolarević, Mustafa Aborgiba, Zoran Gačić, Momir Paunović, Željka Višnjić-Jeftić, Božidar Rašković, Vesna Poleksić, Mirjana Lenhardt, Branka Vuković-Gačić
Biomarkers attract increasing attention in environmental studies, as a tool for detection of exposure and effects of pollution, from both natural and anthropogenic sources. This study aims to assess the impact of multiple stressors during distinctive seasons, covering also extreme hydrological events (extensive flooding in the mid May 2014), on different levels of biological organization in the liver and gills of three closely related freshwater breams. Our previous study on DNA damage in blood cells of these specimens showed increased DNA damage in June 2014, one month after the flooding event...
June 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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