keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

7 keto

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911816/rapid-emergence-and-mechanisms-of-resistance-by-u87-glioblastoma-cells-to-doxorubicin-in-an-in-vitro-tumor-microfluidic-ecology
#1
Jeonghun Han, Yukyung Jun, So Hyun Kim, Hong-Hoa Hoang, Yeonjoo Jung, Suyeon Kim, Jaesang Kim, Robert H Austin, Sanghyuk Lee, Sungsu Park
In vitro prediction of the probable rapid emergence of resistance to a drug in tumors could act to winnow out potential candidates for further costly development. We have developed a microfluidic device consisting of ∼500 hexagonal microcompartments that provides a complex ecology with wide ranges of drug and nutrient gradients and local populations. This ecology of a fragmented metapopulation induced the drug resistance in stage IV U87 glioblastoma cells to doxorubicin in 7 d. Exome and transcriptome sequencing of the resistant cells identified mutations and differentially expressed genes...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901143/a-butterfly-motion-of-formic-acid-and-cyclobutanone-in-the-1%C3%A2-%C3%A2-1-hydrogen-bonded-molecular-cluster
#2
Luca Evangelisti, Lorenzo Spada, Weixing Li, Susana Blanco, Juan Carlos López, Alberto Lesarri, Jens-Uwe Grabow, Walther Caminati
Upon supersonic expansion, formic acid and cyclobutanone (CBU) form a molecular cluster in which the two constituent molecules, linked by OHO and CHO hydrogen bonds, undergo a rapid interconversion between two equivalent forms. The tunneling motion takes place through the rupture and reformation of the C-HO hydrogen bond between the carbonyl oxygen of HCOOH and one of the two hydrogen atoms of the methylenic group adjacent to the cyclobutanone keto group. From the microwave spectra, tunneling energy splittings (ΔE01) have been determined for the parent (1122...
November 30, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871908/acetylated-deoxycholic-dca-and-cholic-ca-acids-are-potent-ligands-of-pregnane-x-pxr-receptor
#3
Alejandro Carazo, Lucie Hyrsova, Jan Dusek, Hana Chodounska, Alzbeta Horvatova, Karel Berka, Vaclav Bazgier, Hongying Gan-Schreier, Waleé Chamulitrat, Eva Kudova, Petr Pavek
The Pregnane X (PXR), Vitamin D (VDR) and Farnesoid X (FXR) nuclear receptors have been shown to be receptors of bile acids controlling their detoxification or synthesis. Chenodeoxycholic (CDCA) and lithocholic (LCA) acids are ligands of FXR and VDR, respectively, whereas 3-keto and acetylated derivates of LCA have been described as ligands for all three receptors. In this study, we hypothesized that oxidation or acetylation at position 3, 7 and 12 of bile acids DCA (deoxycholic acid), LCA, CA (cholic acid), and CDCA by detoxification enzymes or microbiome may have an effect on the interactions with bile acid nuclear receptors...
November 18, 2016: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855668/identification-and-characterization-of-two-new-5-keto-4-deoxy-d-glucarate-dehydratases-decarboxylases
#4
André Pick, Barbara Beer, Risa Hemmi, Rena Momma, Jochen Schmid, Kenji Miyamoto, Volker Sieber
BACKGROUND: Hexuronic acids such as D-galacturonic acid and D-glucuronic acid can be utilized via different pathways within the metabolism of microorganisms. One representative, the oxidative pathway, generates α-keto-glutarate as the direct link entering towards the citric acid cycle. The penultimate enzyme, keto-deoxy glucarate dehydratase/decarboxylase, catalyses the dehydration and decarboxylation of keto-deoxy glucarate to α-keto-glutarate semialdehyde. This enzymatic reaction can be tracked continuously by applying a pH-shift assay...
November 17, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854034/efficient-preparation-of-s-n-boc-3-hydroxylpiperidine-through-bioreduction-by-a-thermostable-aldo-ketoreductase
#5
Mengyan He, Shuo Zhou, Maolin Cui, Xiaolu Jin, Dunyue Lai, Shuangling Zhang, Zhiguo Wang, Zhenming Chen
(S)-N-Boc-3-hydroxypiperidine ((S)-NBHP) is a key pharmaceutical intermediate and the chiral source in synthesizing Imbruvica, which is a newly approved drug in lymphoma therapy by targeting Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). Current chemical synthesis of (S)-NBHP suffered from the need of noble metal catalyst and low yield. The single reported bioconversion of (S)-NBHP was achieved by using recombinant ketoreductase, but enzyme sequence was kept confidential and the catalytic process suffered from the thermodeactivation and substrate inhibition...
November 16, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834752/cyclooxygenase-2-derived-prostaglandins-mediate-cerebral-microcirculation-in-a-juvenile-ischemic-rat-model
#6
Pierre-Louis Leger, Julien Pansiot, Valerie Besson, Bruno Palmier, Sylvain Renolleau, Olivier Baud, Bruno Cauli, Christiane Charriaut-Marlangue
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We previously showed that the selective neuronal nitric oxide synthase inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) increases cerebral microcirculation in a juvenile ischemic rat model. We address the roles of cyclooxygenase (COX)-elaborated prostaglandins in collateral recruitment and blood supply. METHODS: Fourteen-day-old rats were subjected to ischemia-reperfusion and treated with either PBS or 7-NI (25 mg/kg) at the reperfusion onset. Six-keto-prostaglandin F1α was measured using ELISA...
December 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815364/predictors-of-variation-in-cyp2a6-mrna-protein-and-enzyme-activity-in-a-human-liver-bank-influence-of-genetic-and-non-genetic-factors
#7
Julie-Anne Tanner, Bhagwat Prasad, Katrina G Claw, Patricia Stapleton, Amarjit Chaudhry, Erin G Schuetz, Kenneth E Thummel, Rachel F Tyndale
Cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) metabolizes several clinically relevant substrates, including nicotine, the primary psychoactive component in cigarette smoke. Smokers vary widely in their rate of inactivation and clearance of nicotine, altering numerous smoking phenotypes. We aimed to characterize independent and shared impact of genetic and non-genetic sources of variation in CYP2A6 mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity in a human liver bank (n=360). We quantified levels of CYP2A6, cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR), and aldo-keto reductase 1D1 (AKR1D1) mRNA, and CYP2A6 and POR protein...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791305/radical-mediated-1-2-formyl-carbonyl-functionalization-of-alkenes-and-application-to-the-construction-of-medium-sized-rings
#8
Zhong-Liang Li, Xiao-Hua Li, Na Wang, Ning-Yuan Yang, Xin-Yuan Liu
A novel radical 1,2-formylfunctionalization of alkenes involving 1,2(4,5)-formyl migration triggered by addition of various carbon- and heteroatom-centered radicals to alkenes has been developed for the first time, thus providing straightforward access to diverse β-functionalized aldehydes with good efficiency, remarkable selectivity, and excellent functional group tolerance. Analogous transformations mediated by a keto-carbonyl migration have also been effected under similar conditions. This method was used to access ring systems including various benzannulated nine-, ten-, and eleven-membered rings, complex 6-5(6,7)-6(5) fused rings, and bridged rings with diverse functionalities...
October 28, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782055/quantitative-determination-of-3-o-acetyl-11-keto-%C3%AE-boswellic-acid-akba-and-other-boswellic-acids-in-boswellia-sacra-flueck-syn-b-carteri-birdw-and-boswellia-serrata-roxb
#9
Giuseppe Mannino, Andrea Occhipinti, Massimo E Maffei
Boswellia serrata and Boswellia sacra (syn. B. carteri) are important medicinal plants widely used for their content of bioactive lipophilic triterpenes. The qualitative and quantitative determination of boswellic acids (BAs) is important for their use in dietary supplements aimed to provide a support for osteoarthritic and inflammatory diseases. We used High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)-Diode Array Detector (DAD) coupled to ElectroSpray Ionization and tandem Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) for the qualitative and quantitative determination of BAs extracted from the gum resins of B...
October 6, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762589/hpma-copolymer-based-polymer-conjugates-for-the-delivery-and-controlled-release-of-retinoids
#10
O Lidický, M Šírová, T Etrych
In this paper, we describe the synthesis, physicochemical characterization, drug release kinetics and preliminary biological evaluation of several N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based polymer-retinoid conjugates designed for solid tumor immunotherapy. The conjugates are supposed to inhibit the immunosuppressive activity of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) accumulated in the solid tumor microenvironment. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) was derivatized to hydrazide (AtrHy) and then attached to the polymer backbone via a spacer that is stable at the normal pH of blood (7...
October 20, 2016: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756542/cholesterol-photo-oxidation-a-chemical-reaction-network-for-kinetic-modeling
#11
Carlo Barnaba, Maria Teresa Rodríguez-Estrada, Giovanni Lercker, Hugo Sergio García, Ilce Gabriela Medina-Meza
In this work we studied the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) methyl esters on cholesterol photo-induced oxidation. The oxidative routes were modeled with a chemical reaction network (CRN), which represents the first application of CRN to the oxidative degradation of a food-related lipid matrix. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, T-I), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, T-II) and a mixture of both (T-III) were added to cholesterol using hematoporphyrin as sensitizer, and were exposed to a fluorescent lamp for 48h...
October 15, 2016: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756404/local-intra-uterine-ang-1-7-infusion-attenuates-pge2-and-6-keto-pgf1%C3%AE-in-decidualized-uterus-of-pseudopregnant-rats
#12
K Bridget Brosnihan, Victor M Pulgar, Manish S Bharadwaj, Liomar A A Neves, Liliya M Yamaleyeva
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostanoids (PGE2, PGI2) are important contributors to the process of decidualization. Previous studies showed the presence of Ang-(1-7) in the primary and secondary decidualized zones of the implantation site at early pregnancy. Decreased concentrations of Ang-(1-7) were found in the decidualized uterus compared to the non-decidualized uterus of pseudopregnant rats, suggesting that low levels of Ang-(1-7) are required for successful decidualization at early pregnancy...
October 18, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750150/-5ar-5a-c-pentyl-4-epi-isofagomine-a-powerful-inhibitor-of-lysosomal-%C3%AE-galactosidase-and-a-remarkable-chaperone-for-mutations-associated-with-gm1-gangliosidosis-and-morquio-disease-type-b
#13
Sophie Front, Anna Biela-Banaś, Patricie Burda, Diana Ballhausen, Katsumi Higaki, Anna Caciotti, Amelia Morrone, Julie Charollais-Thoenig, Estelle Gallienne, Stéphane Demotz, Olivier R Martin
This report is about the identification, synthesis and initial biological characterization of derivatives of 4-epi-isofagomine as pharmacological chaperones (PC) for human lysosomal β-galactosidase. The two epimers of 4-epi-isofagomine carrying a pentyl group at C-5a, namely (5aR)- and (5aS)-5a-C-pentyl-4-epi-isofagomine, were prepared by an innovative procedure involving in the key step the addition of nitrohexane to a keto-pentopyranoside. Both epimers were evaluated as inhibitors of the human β-galactosidase: the (5aR)-stereoisomer (compound 1) was found to be a very potent inhibitor of the enzyme (IC50 = 8 nM, 30× more potent than 4-epi-isofagomine at pH 7...
September 29, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681931/biotin-auxotrophy-and-biotin-enhanced-germ-tube-formation-in-candida-albicans
#14
Nur Ahmad Hussin, Ruvini U Pathirana, Sahar Hasim, Swetha Tati, Jessica A Scheib-Owens, Kenneth W Nickerson
Due to the increased number of immunocompromised patients, infections with the pathogen Candida albicans have significantly increased in recent years. C. albicans transition from yeast to germ tubes is one of the essential factors for virulence. In this study we noted that Lee's medium, commonly used to induce filamentation, contained 500-fold more biotin than needed for growth and 40-fold more biotin than is typically added to growth media. Thus, we investigated the effects of excess biotin on growth rate and filamentation by C...
September 21, 2016: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668968/water-soluble-and-highly-luminescent-europium-iii-complexes-with-favorable-photostability-and-sensitive-ph-response-behavior
#15
Chen Wei, Huibo Wei, Weibo Yan, Zifeng Zhao, Zelun Cai, Boxun Sun, Zhaosha Meng, Zhiwei Liu, Zuqiang Bian, Chunhui Huang
Two highly luminescent and water-soluble Eu(III) complexes, Eu1 and Eu2, based on novel carboxyl-functionalized 1,5-naphthyridine derivatives 8-hydroxy-1,5-naphthyridine-2-carboxylic acid (H2L1) and 7-cyano-8-hydroxy-1,5-naphthyridine-2-carboxylic acid (H2L2), respectively, are designed and synthesized. The crystal structure of Eu2 indicates that the central Eu(III) ion is nine-coordinated by three tridentate ligands (O^N^O). Both Eu1 and Eu2 show strong luminescence in aqueous solution with quantum yields (lifetimes) of 28% (1...
October 17, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649693/vegan-vegetarian-low-protein-supplemented-diets-in-pregnant-ckd-patients-fifteen-years-of-experience
#16
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Silvia Parisi, Federica Fassio, Irene Capizzi, Valentina Loi, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Martina Gerbino, Stefania Maxia, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Fosca Minelli, Ettore Piccoli, Elisabetta Versino, Marilisa Biolcati, Paolo Avagnina, Antonello Pani, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Tullia Todros, Giorgina B Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with advanced CKD becoming increasingly common. However, experience with low-protein diets in CKD patients in pregnancy is still limited. Aim of this study is to review the results obtained over the last 15 years with moderately restricted low-protein diets in pregnant CKD women (combining: CKD stages 3-5, proteinuria: nephrotic at any time, or > =1 g/24 at start or referral; nephrotic in previous pregnancy). CKD patients on unrestricted diets were employed for comparison...
September 20, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648822/an-unexplored-pathway-for-degradation-of-cholate-requires-a-7%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydratase-and-contributes-to-a-broad-metabolic-repertoire-for-the-utilization-of-bile-salts-in-novosphingobium-sp-strain-chol11
#17
Onur Yücel, Steffen Drees, Nina Jagmann, Thomas Patschkowski, Bodo Philipp
Bile salts such as cholate are surface-active steroid compounds with functions for digestion and signaling in vertebrates. Upon excretion into soil and water bile salts are an electron- and carbon-rich growth substrate for environmental bacteria. Degradation of bile salts proceeds via intermediates with a 3-keto-Δ(1,4) -diene structure of the steroid skeleton as shown for e.g. Pseudomonas spp. Recently, we isolated bacteria degrading cholate via intermediates with a 3-keto-7-deoxy-Δ(4,6) -structure of the steroid skeleton suggesting the existence of a second pathway for cholate degradation...
September 20, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644118/very-low-protein-diets-supplemented-with-keto-analogues-in-esrd-predialysis-patients-and-its-effect-on-vascular-stiffness-and-avf-maturation
#18
Cristiana David, Ileana Peride, Andrei Niculae, Alexandra Maria Constantin, Ionel Alexandru Checherita
BACKGROUND: Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the most appropriate type of vascular access for chronic dialysis. Its patency rates depend on vascular wall characteristics. Ketoacid analogues of essential amino acids (KA/EAA) are prescribed in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) pre-dialysis patients to lower toxic metabolic products generation and improve nutritional status. We hypothesized that very-low protein diet (VLPD) supplemented with KA/EAA may influence arterial wall stiffness and affect AVF maturation rates and duration in pre-dialysis ESRD patients...
September 20, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642613/a-rapid-fluorometric-assay-for-the-s-malonyltransacylase-fabd-and-other-sulfhydryl-utilizing-enzymes
#19
Aaron M Marcella, Adam W Barb
The development of biorenewable chemicals will support green chemistry initiatives and supplement the catalog of starting materials available to the chemical industry. Bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis is being pursued as a source of protein catalysts to synthesize novel reduced carbon molecules in fermentation systems. The availability of methods to measure enzyme catalysis for native and engineered enzymes from this pathway remains a bottleneck because a simple quantitative enzyme assay for numerous enzymes does not exist...
2016: Journal of Biological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639502/endometrial-and-conceptus-response-to-exogenous-progesterone-treatment-in-early-pregnant-gilts-following-hormonally-induced-estrus
#20
Magdalena Szymanska, Agnieszka Blitek
The aim of the study was to determine how supplementation with exogenous progesterone (P4) affects the expression of genes important for endometrial receptivity and conceptus development during the peri-implantation period in pigs. Gilts with PMSG/hCG-induced first estrus received daily injections of corn oil (CO; n=7) or P4 (n=7) on days 3 to 10 after insemination. The dose of P4 was 25mg/100kg BW on days 3 and 4 of gestation, then increased to 50mg/100kg BW on days 5 to 10. Blood samples were collected each day to monitor concentrations of circulating P4...
September 9, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
keyword
keyword
77076
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"