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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994535/-antitumor-activity-and-structure-activity-relationship-of-seven-lanostane-type-triterpenes-from-fomitopsis-pinicola-and-f-officinalis
#1
Zhen-Ting Shi, Hai-Ying Bao, Shuang Feng
Seven lanostane-type triterpenes including fomitopsin C(1),3-keto-dehydrosulfurenic acid(2),dehydroeburiconic acid(3),3-acetyloxylanosta-8, 24-dien-21-oic acid(4),pinicolic acid A(5),trametenolic acid B(6),and eburicoic acid(7),were isolated from the fruitbodies of Fomitopsis pinicola and F. officinalis. In vitro assay, all compounds were evaluated against MCF-7, HeLa, HepG2 and A549 cells lines using the MTT assay and the structure-activity relationship of antitumor activity was discussed. The results showed that the seven compounds were more sensitive to MCF-7 cells...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991105/low-dose-aspirin-inhibits-cardiac-sympathetic-activation-and-vagal-withdrawal-response-to-morning-rising
#2
Tomiya Yasumasu, Kazuo Takahara, Yutaka Otsuji
Aspirin is known to interfere with platelet function and can protect individuals at risk of sudden death. However, this property of aspirin is less defined for cardiac autonomic activity. We assessed pulse rate variability by spectral analysis and measured plasma eicosanoid levels before and after administration of 81-mg aspirin to 12 healthy subjects over a 60-degree head-up tilt test in the morning. In upright posture, low-dose aspirin decreased both the normalized unit value of low-frequency (normalized LF) power (mean ± SD, 82...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976752/synthesis-of-potent-and-selective-inhibitors-of-aldo-keto-reductase-1b10-and-their-efficacy-against-proliferation-metastasis-and-cisplatin-resistance-of-lung-cancer-cells
#3
Satoshi Endo, Shuang Xia, Miho Suyama, Yoshifumi Morikawa, Hiroaki Oguri, Dawei Hu, Yoshinori Ao, Satoyuki Takahara, Yoshikazu Horino, Yoshihiro Hayakawa, Yurie Watanabe, Hiroaki Gouda, Akira Hara, Kazuo Kuwata, Naoki Toyooka, Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Akira Ikari
Aldo-keto reductase 1B10 (AKR1B10) is overexpressed in several extraintestinal cancers, particularly in non-small-cell lung cancer, where AKR1B10 is a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target. Selective AKR1B10 inhibitors are required because compounds should not inhibit the highly related aldose reductase that is involved in monosaccharide and prostaglandin metabolism. Currently, 7-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenylimino)-2H-chromene-3-carboxylic acid benzylamide (HMPC) is known to be the most potent competitive inhibitor of AKR1B10, but it is nonselective...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958544/oxidation-of-sitosterol-and-campesterol-in-foods-upon-cooking-with-liquid-margarines-without-and-with-added-plant-sterol-esters
#4
Yuguang Lin, Diny Knol, María Menéndez-Carreño, Raymond Baris, Hans-Gerd Janssen, Elke A Trautwein
Plant sterol (PS) oxidation products (POP) derived from sitosterol and campesterol were measured in 15 foods cooked with liquid margarine without (control) and with added 7.5% PS. POP were analyzed using a GC-MS method. PS liquid vs. control margarine resulted in a higher median POP content per food portion (1.35mg, range 0.08-13.20mg versus 0.23mg, 0.06-0.90mg), a lower PS oxidation rate (0.63 vs. 1.29%) and lower oxidation susceptibility of sitosterol vs. campesterol. POP formation was highest in shallow-fried potatoes with PS liquid margarine (64...
February 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953273/dynamics-of-excited-state-proton-transfer-in-nitro-substituted-10-hydroxybenzo-h-quinolines
#5
H Marciniak, S Hristova, V Deneva, F S Kamounah, P E Hansen, S Lochbrunner, L Antonov
The ground state tautomerism and excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) of 10-hydroxybenzo[h]quinoline (HBQ) and its nitro derivatives, 7-nitrobenzo[h]quinolin-10-ol (2) and 7,9-dinitrobenzo[h]quinolin-10-ol (3), have been studied in acetonitrile using steady state as well as time dependent spectroscopy and quantum-chemical calculations. In addition to the enol form absorbance in the range 360-390 nm, the absorption spectra of 2 and 3 exhibit a red shifted band at ∼450 nm. Chemometric data processing, based on individual band decomposition, allowed us to estimate the position of the ground state enol-keto tautomeric equilibrium (ΔG values of 1...
October 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842569/an-aldo-keto-reductase-is-responsible-for-fusarium-toxin-degrading-activity-in-a-soil-sphingomonas-strain
#6
Wei-Jie He, Limin Zhang, Shu-Yuan Yi, Xue-Ling Tang, Qing-Song Yuan, Mao-Wei Guo, Ai-Bo Wu, Bo Qu, He-Ping Li, Yu-Cai Liao
Degradation of toxins by microorganisms is a promising approach for detoxification of agricultural products. Here, a bacterial strain, Sphingomonas S3-4, that has the ability to degrade the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) was isolated from wheat fields. Incubation of Fusarium-infected wheat grains with S3-4 completely eliminated DON. In S3-4 DON is catabolized into compounds with no detectable phytotoxicity, 3-oxo-DON and 3-epi-DON, via two sequential reactions. Comparative analysis of genome sequences from two DON-degrading strains, S3-4 and Devosia D17, and one non-DON-degrading strain, Sphingobium S26, combined with functional screening of a S3-4 genomic BAC library led to the discovery that a novel aldo/keto reductase superfamily member, AKR18A1, is responsible for oxidation of DON into 3-oxo-DON...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821392/schisandra-chinensis-extract-decreases-chloroacetaldehyde-production-in-rats-and-attenuates-cyclophosphamide-toxicity-in-liver-kidney-and-brain
#7
Jianxiu Zhai, Feng Zhang, Shouhong Gao, Li Chen, Ge Feng, Jun Yin, Wansheng Chen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (S. chinensis) has been used for thousands years in China, and is usually applied in treatment of urinary tract disorders and liver injury. S. chinensis extract (SCE) has board protective effects on liver, kidney and nervous system. Schisandra lignans are generally considered as the bioactive components of SCE. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the pharmacokinetic herb-drug interactions (HDIs) between SCE and cyclophosphamide (CTX)...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759942/11-keto-%C3%AE-boswellic-acid-inhibits-lymphocyte-cd3-infiltration-into-pancreatic-islets-of-young-none-obese-diabetic-nod-mice
#8
Ahmed M Shehata, Leticia Quintanilla-Fend, Sabrina Bettio, Zahra Kamyabi-Moghaddam, Ursula A Kohlhofer, Werner A Scherbaum, Hermann P T Ammon
11-Keto-β-Boswellic acid (KBA) has been shown to prevent infiltration of lymphocytes into pancreatic islets and appearance of peri-insular apoptotic cells in an animal model of autoimmune diabetes caused by injection of Multiple Low Doses of Streptozotocin (MLD-STZ), which is a chemical compound belonging to the class of nitrososureas. The aim of this work was to study whether or not KBA can also prevent/attenuate infiltration of lymphocytes into pancreatic islets and appearance of peri-insular apoptotic cells in an animal model of autoimmune diabetes caused by genetic dysfunction resembling human type 1 diabetes in several important features...
July 31, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749817/prednisolone-and-prednisone-pharmacokinetics-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients-a-prospective-study
#9
Ragnhild Heier Skauby, Anna Bjerre, Ingjerd Sæves, Nils Tore Vethe, Sara Bremer, Anja Svarstad, Stein Bergan
BACKGROUND: Prednisolone is a standard component of immunosuppressive protocols in renal transplantation (Tx) and despite standardized treatment regimens, adverse side effects are still frequent. The aim of this study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics of prednisolone and prednisone in pediatric renal transplant recipients in the first 52 weeks post Tx, to describe the relationship between prednisolone and prednisone, and to investigate a possible relationship between the development of new-onset diabetes after Tx (NODAT) and glucocorticoid exposure...
October 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749671/antifungal-and-cytotoxic-%C3%AE-resorcylic-acid-lactones-from-a-paecilomyces-species
#10
Liangxiong Xu, Ping Wu, Jinghua Xue, Istvan Molnar, Xiaoyi Wei
Eight new β-resorcylic acid lactones (RALs), including the hypothemycin-type compounds paecilomycins N-P (1-3) and the radicicol-type metabolites dechloropochonin I (4), monocillins VI (5) and VII (6), 4'-hydroxymonocillin IV (7), and 4'-methoxymonocillin IV (8), along with nine known RALs (9-17), were isolated from the cultures of Paecilomyces sp. SC0924. Compounds 1 and 2 feature a novel 6/11/5 ring system, and 3 is the first 5'-keto RAL. The structures of 1-8 were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis, X-ray diffraction analysis, and theoretical calculations of ECD spectra...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745686/-effects-of-keto-amino-acids-and-a-low-protein-diet-on-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-stages-3b-4-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
S Yu Milovanova, Yu S Milovanov, M V Taranova, I A Dobrosmyslov
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of keto/amino acids in maintaining protein balance and preventing mineral metabolic disturbances and the development of uremic hyperparathyroidism in the long-term use of a low-protein diet (LPD) in patients with Stages 3B-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients with CKD caused by chronic latent glomerulonephritis in 65 patients and chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis of various etiologies (gout, drug-induced, and infection) in 25 were examined...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738439/terpenoids-from-the-oleo-gum-resin-of-boswellia-serrata-and-their-antiplasmodial-effects-in-vitro
#12
Hippolyt L Greve, Marcel Kaiser, Reto Brun, Thomas J Schmidt
In the course of our ongoing search for new natural products as leads against protozoal diseases, the dichloromethane extract of Indian frankincense, the oleo-gum-resin obtained from Boswellia serrata, showed in vitro activity against Plasmodium falciparum. Bioactivity-guided fractionation led to the isolation of eight diterpenes: (1S,3E,7E,11R)-verticilla-3,7,12(18)-triene (1), cembrene A (2), serratol (3), 1S,3E,7R,8R,11E-7,8-epoxy-cembra-3,11-dien-1-ol (4), incensole oxide (5), rel (1S,3R,7E,11S,12R)-1,12-epoxy-4-methylenecembr-7-ene-3, 11-diol (6), isoincensole oxide (7), and isodecaryiol (8)...
October 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699682/2-3-7-8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-promotes-endothelial-cell-apoptosis-through-activation-of-ep3-p38mapk-bcl-2-pathway
#13
Yu Yu, Qian Liu, Shumin Guo, Qianqian Zhang, Juan Tang, Guizhu Liu, Deping Kong, Juanjuan Li, Shuai Yan, Ruiguo Wang, Peilong Wang, Xiaoou Su, Ying Yu
Endothelial injury or dysfunction is an early event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Epidemiological and animal studies have shown that 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) exposure increases morbidity and mortality from chronic cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. However, whether or how TCDD exposure causes endothelial injury or dysfunction remains largely unknown. Cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to different doses of TCDD, and cell apoptosis was examined...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682478/a-water-bridged-h-bonding-network-contributes-to-the-catalysis-of-the-sam-dependent-c-methyltransferase-hcgc
#14
Liping Bai, Tristan Wagner, Tao Xu, Xile Hu, Ulrich Ermler, Seigo Shima
[Fe]-hydrogenase hosts an iron-guanylylpyridinol (FeGP) cofactor. The FeGP cofactor contains a pyridinol ring substituted with GMP, two methyl groups, and an acylmethyl group. HcgC, an enzyme involved in FeGP biosynthesis, catalyzes methyl transfer from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to C3 of 6-carboxymethyl-5-methyl-4-hydroxy-2-pyridinol (2). We report on the ternary structure of HcgC/S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH, the demethylated product of SAM) and 2 at 1.7 Å resolution. The proximity of C3 of substrate 2 and the S atom of SAH indicates a catalytically productive geometry...
August 28, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664658/effects-of-aspirin-dose-escalation-on-platelet-function-and-urinary-thromboxane-and-prostacyclin-levels-in-normal-dogs
#15
N McLewee, T Archer, R Wills, A Mackin, J Thomason
Established "low" aspirin dosages inconsistently inhibit platelet function in dogs. Higher aspirin dosages consistently inhibit platelet function, but are associated with adverse effects. The objectives of this study were to use an escalation in dosage to determine the lowest aspirin dosage that consistently inhibited platelet function without inhibiting prostacyclin synthesis. Eight dogs were treated with five aspirin dosages: 0.5 mg/kg q24h, 1 mg/kg q24h, 2 mg/kg q24h, 4 mg/kg q24h and 10 mg/kg q12h for 7 days...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651911/conformational-studies-of-gram-negative-bacterial-quorum-sensing-3-oxo-n-acyl-homoserine-lactone-molecules
#16
Darren Crowe, Alan Nicholson, Adrienne Fleming, Ed Carey, Goar Sánchez-Sanz, Fintan Kelleher
In their (1)H NMR spectra in CDCl3 3-oxo-N-acyl homoserine lactones (OHLs) show significant downfield chemical shifts of the amide NH proton when compared to the parent N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs). NMR spectroscopic and DFT calculation studies have shown that this is most likely due to the presence of a stabilising intramolecular H-bond from the NH to the 3-oxo group. The (1)H NMR spectra also show evidence for the enol tautomers and that the amount of enol present for a range of OHLs is 4.1-4.5% in CDCl3 and 6...
August 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646078/stereospecific-metabolism-of-r-and-s-warfarin-by-human-hepatic-cytosolic-reductases
#17
Dustyn A Barnette, Bryce P Johnson, Dakota L Pouncey, Robert Nshimiyimana, Linda P Desrochers, Thomas E Goodwin, Grover P Miller
Coumadin (rac-warfarin) is the most commonly used anticoagulant in the world; however, its clinical use is often challenging because of its narrow therapeutic range and interindividual variations in response. A critical contributor to the uncertainty is variability in warfarin metabolism, which includes mostly oxidative but also reductive pathways. Reduction of each warfarin enantiomer yields two warfarin alcohol isomers, and the corresponding four alcohols retain varying levels of anticoagulant activity. Studies on the kinetics of warfarin reduction have often lacked resolution of parent-drug enantiomers and have suffered from coelution of pairs of alcohol metabolites; thus, those studies have not established the importance of individual stereospecific reductive pathways...
September 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633109/endothelial-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-arterial-neointima-formation-associated-with-acid-sphingomyelinase-during-hypercholesterolemia
#18
Saisudha Koka, Min Xia, Yang Chen, Owais M Bhat, Xinxu Yuan, Krishna M Boini, Pin-Lan Li
The NLRP3 inflammasome has been reported to be activated by atherogenic factors, whereby endothelial injury and consequent atherosclerotic lesions are triggered in the arterial wall. However, the mechanisms activating and regulating NLRP3 inflammasomes remain poorly understood. The present study tested whether acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) and ceramide associated membrane raft (MR) signaling platforms contribute to the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and atherosclerotic lesions during hypercholesterolemia. We found that 7-ketocholesterol (7-Keto) or cholesterol crystal (ChC) markedly increased the formation and activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes in mouse carotid arterial endothelial cells (CAECs), as shown by increased colocalization of NLRP3 with ASC or caspase-1, enhanced caspase-1 activity and elevated IL-1β levels, which were markedly attenuated by mouse Asm siRNA, ASM inhibitor- amitriptyline, and deletion of mouse Asm gene...
June 15, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631488/synthesis-of-6-7-dideoxysqualestatin-h5-by-carbonyl-ylide-cycloaddition-rearrangement-and-cross-electrophile-coupling
#19
Younes Fegheh-Hassanpour, Tanzeel Arif, Herman O Sintim, Hamad H Al Mamari, David M Hodgson
An asymmetric synthesis of (-)-6,7-dideoxysqualestatin H5 is reported. Key features of the synthesis include the following: (1) highly diastereoselective n-alkylation of a tartrate acetonide enolate and subsequent oxidation-hydrolysis to provide an asymmetric entry to a β-hydroxy-α-ketoester motif; (2) facilitation of Rh(II)-catalyzed cyclic carbonyl ylide formation-cycloaddition by co-generation of keto and diazo functionality through ozonolysis of an unsaturated hydrazone; and (3) stereoretentive Ni-catalyzed Csp(3)-Csp(2) cross-electrophile coupling between tricarboxylate core and unsaturated side chain to complete the natural product...
June 20, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625001/nanostructured-sba-15-host-applied-in-ketorolac-tromethamine-release-system
#20
Jorgelina Cussa, Juliana M Juárez, Marcos B Gómez Costa, Oscar A Anunziata
The ordered mesoporous silica SBA-15 has been applied in studies of ketorolac tromethamine adsorption and release. The SBA-15 materials with hexagonal and regular structure were obtained using a triblock copolymer Pluronic P123 as a template and TEOS as a silica source. Ketorolac tromethamine was adsorbed into SBA-15 silica nanochannels using ethanol as solvent. The physicochemical and textural properties of SBA-15 and ketorolac tromethamine/SBA-15 were characterized by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, transmission electron microscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and BET surface studies...
August 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
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