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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527930/outcomes-of-open-and-endovascular-lower-extremity-revascularization-in-active-smokers-with-advanced-peripheral-arterial-disease
#1
Samuel L Chen, Matthew D Whealon, Nii-Kabu Kabutey, Isabella J Kuo, Michael D Sgroi, Roy M Fujitani
OBJECTIVE: Concern over perioperative and long-term durability of lower extremity revascularizations among active smokers is a frequent deterrent for vascular surgeons to perform elective lower extremity revascularization. In this study, we examined perioperative outcomes of lower extremity endovascular (LEE) revascularization and open lower extremity bypass (LEB) in active smokers with intermittent claudication (IC) and critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: Active smokers undergoing LEE or LEB from 2011 to 2014 were identified in the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) targeted vascular data set...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527195/changes-in-sternal-perfusion-following-internal-mammary-artery-bypass-surgery
#2
Christian D Taeger, Konstantin Klein, Raymund E Horch, Michael Weyand, Justus P Beier
BACKROUND: Coronary bypass surgery using the internal mammary artery (IMA) is among the most commonly performed procedures in treatment of advanced coronary vessel disease. Further, bilateral harvesting of the IMA is associated with increased rates of sternal wound infections. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore changes in sternal perfusion, following left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting. METHODS: 60 patients were divided equally into intervention- and control cohorts and underwent assessment of oxygen saturation (sO2) and relative blood flow (RBF) by laser doppler flowmetry remission spectroscopy preoperatively, 24 h and 72 h postoperatively...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516670/endoscopic-versus-open-radial-artery-harvesting-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-and-propensity-matched-studies
#3
Mohamed Rahouma, Mohamed Kamel, Umberto Benedetto, Lucas B Ohmes, Antonino Di Franco, Christopher Lau, Leonard N Girardi, Robert F Tranbaugh, Fabio Barili, Mario Gaudino
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the impact of radial artery harvesting techniques on clinical outcomes using a meta-analytic approach limited to randomized controlled trials and propensity-matched studies for clinical outcomes, in which graft patency was analyzed. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed and MEDLINE to identify publications containing comparisons between endoscopic radial artery harvesting (ERAH) and open harvesting (ORAH)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514895/outcomes-after-use-of-aortouniiliac-endoprosthesis-versus-modular-or-unibody-bifurcated-endoprostheses-for-endovascular-repair-of-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#4
Prateek K Gupta, Kelly Kempe, Reshma Brahmbhatt, Himani Gupta, Jorge Montes, R Armour Forse, Shaun M Stickley, Michael J Rohrer
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes after endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) have been widely published. There is, however, controversy on the role of the use of aortouniiliac endoprosthesis (AUI) versus modular or unibody bifurcated endoprosthesis (MUB) for repair of rAAAs. We study and compare 30-day outcomes after use of AUI and MUB for all rAAAs focusing specifically on patients with instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent EVAR for rAAA (n = 425) using AUI (n = 55; 12...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512866/medial-sural-artery-perforator-free-flap-for-the-reconstruction-of-leg-foot-and-ankle-defect-an-excellent-option
#5
Jyoshid R Balan
BACKGROUND: The defects over the leg, foot and ankle are best covered with a thin pliable flap. The use of muscle flap for the reconstruction of these defects leaves a grafted, aesthetically inferior result. The medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) free flap gives a thin pliable tissue for the reconstruction with better aesthesis. METHODS: The study design was retrospective case analysis over a period of 2 years. All the patients who underwent flap for leg, foot and ankle defect reconstruction in the form of MSAP free flap were included in the study...
May 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507910/penile-calciphylaxis-the-use-of-radiological-investigations-in-the-management-of-a-rare-and-challenging-condition
#6
Rebecca A Campbell, Laith M Alzweri, Nikolai A Sopko, Katarzyna J Macura, Arthur L Burnett
Penile calciphylaxis is a rare phenomenon of penile necrosis observed in patients with hemodialysis-dependent end-stage renal failure. Multiple treatments have been proposed including conservative management, surgical debridement and penectomy; yet, the prognosis remains extremely poor. Here, we describe a patient with protracted resolution of dry gangrene of the glans, which failed conservative management of wound care and pain management. Radiological studies revealed extensive calcification of abdominal aorta and branching vessels including the penile arteries...
July 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507873/inferior-limb-salvage-by-combined-free-tissue-transfer-and-the-crane-principle-revisited
#7
Alessandro Thione, Pedro C Cavadas
Aggressive treatment of ischemia of the lower extremities has decreased the number of amputations in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients; combined vascular reconstruction and microvascular free-flap transfer has been used to improve distal perfusion and cover large tissue defects caused by the critical limb ischemia during the past 30 years. We present our experience with a 71-year-old diabetic patient who underwent revascularization with a vascular bypass and a simultaneous microvascular flap reconstruction for limb salvage after domestic trauma...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506218/investigation-of-the-pathophysiology-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-using-rodent-extracorporeal-life-support-model
#8
Ru-Wen Chang, Chien-Ming Luo, Hsi-Yu Yu, Yih-Sharng Chen, Chih-Hsien Wang
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) systems are life-saving devices used for treating patients with severe cardiopulmonary failure. In this study, we implemented a rat model of ECLS without the administration of inotropes or vasopressors. METHODS: The rats underwent 5 min of untreated asphyxial cardiac arrest and were resuscitated by ECLS for 30 min. The right external jugular vein and right femoral artery were separately cannulated to the ECLS outflow and inflow, respectively...
May 15, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502551/variation-in-hospital-costs-and-reimbursement-for-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-a-vascular-quality-initiative-pilot-project
#9
Gary W Lemmon, Dan Neal, Randall R DeMartino, Joseph R Schneider, Tej Singh, Larry Kraiss, Salvatore Scali, Apostolos Tassiopoulos, Andrew Hoel, Jack L Cronenwett
OBJECTIVE: Comparing costs between centers is difficult because of the heterogeneity of vascular procedures contained in broad diagnosis-related group (DRG) billing categories. The purpose of this pilot project was to develop a mechanism to merge Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) clinical data with hospital billing data to allow more accurate cost and reimbursement comparison for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures across centers. METHODS: Eighteen VQI centers volunteered to submit UB04 billing data for 782 primary, elective infrarenal EVAR procedures performed by 108 surgeons in 2014...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502546/cryopreserved-saphenous-vein-as-a-last-ditch-conduit-for-limb-salvage
#10
Leigh Ann O'Banion, Bian Wu, Charles M Eichler, Linda M Reilly, Michael S Conte, Jade S Hiramoto
OBJECTIVE: In patients lacking autogenous vein suitable for infrainguinal bypass, cryopreserved saphenous vein (CSV) allograft (CryoLife, Inc, Kennesaw, Ga) may be an acceptable alternative. The purpose of this study was to examine outcomes of CSV conduit for infrainguinal revascularization. METHODS: Between February 2008 and August 2015, 70 patients underwent infrainguinal bypass grafts in 73 limbs using CSV. All patients lacked suitable arm or leg vein. Demographic data and patient outcomes were retrospectively collected using electronic medical records...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496017/comparison-of-the-incidence-of-complications-and-secondary-surgical-interventions-necessary-in-patients-with-chronic-lower-limb-ischemia-treated-by-both-open-and-endovascular-surgeries
#11
Dariusz Janczak, Maciej Malinowski, Wojciech Bąkowski, Katarzyna Krakowska, Karol Marschollek, Paweł Marschollek, Mariusz Chabowski
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects 3%-10% of the population before the age of 70 years and 15%-20% after that age.The aim of the study was to compare the incidence of complications and secondary interventions in patients who underwent each type of treatment. METHODS: We analyzed 734 medical records of the Department of Surgery at the 4th Military Teaching Hospital in Wroclaw, In total, 394 were operated on with open surgery; an endarterectomy (59...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495504/renal-arterial-mycotic-aneurysm-after-kidney-transplantation
#12
Hélène Lazareth, Maren Burbach, Clément Gosset, Carmen Lefaucheur, Pourya Pashootan, Anne-Marie Zagdanski, Blandine Denis
Mycotic aneurysm is a rare condition mostly attributable to Candida or Aspergillus species. About 20 cases of Candida-related arteritis have been reported in kidney transplant patients. Herein, we report the case of a 40-year-old man who received a kidney from a deceased donor in whom an accidental digestive wound was made during organ retrieval. He presented with sudden anuria 47 days after renal transplantation revealing a large mycotic aneurysm of the kidney graft renal artery. Organs derived from donors in whom a digestive breach is noticed should be used with caution...
May 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494457/resveratrol-protects-against-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-in-rats-via-activation-of-silent-information-regulator-1
#13
Lei Yu, Yingfeng Tu, Xueling Jia, Kun Fang, Li Liu, Lin Wan, Chuanying Xiang, Yanan Wang, Xiangju Sun, Tianyou Liu, Dejun Yu, Weiwei Cao, Yinli Song, Yuhua Fan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The polyphenol resveratrol (Rev) has been found to exhibit various beneficial effects including prevention of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The present study was designed to investigate the action and potential mechanism of Rev on PAH, focusing on the role of SIRT1 (Silent Information Regulator 1) in apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). METHODS: PAH rats were established by exposure to hypoxia for 21 days. Rev and SRT1720 (a selective SIRT1 activator) were used to reverse PAH by gavaging rats...
May 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493074/corrective-osteotomies-of-the-lower-limb-show-a-low-intra-and-perioperative-complication-rate-an-analysis-of-1003-patients
#14
Maximilian Schenke, Jörg Dickschas, Michael Simon, Wolf Strecker
PURPOSE: The purpose of corrective osteotomies in posttraumatic and congenital deformities is anatomic limb reconstruction and joint preservation. The aim of the present study was to analyse intra- and perioperative complications of osteotomies in the lower limb. METHODS: One thousand and three unselected and prospectively registered osteotomies of the long bones of the lower limb, performed between 1995 and 2013, were analysed. In 435 women and 568 men (mean age 39...
May 10, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492792/cervical-cannulation-for-surgical-repair-of-congenital-cardiac-defects-in-infants-and-small-children
#15
Pankaj Garg, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Ketav Lakhia, Parth Solanki, Jigar Surti, Komal Shah, Sanjay Patel
INTRODUCTION: The biggest challenge faced in minimally invasive pediatric cardiac surgery is cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass. Our technique and experience of cervical cannulation in infants and small children for repair of congenital cardiac defects is reported in this study. METHODS: From January 2013 to June 2015, 37 children (22 males) with mean age of 17.97±8.63 months and weight of 8.06±1.59 kg were operated on for congenital cardiac defects through right lateral thoracotomy...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489634/effects-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-on-primary-closed-defects-after-superficial-circumflex-iliac-artery-perforator-scip-flap-harvest
#16
Hyun Suk Suh, Min Young Jang, Joon Pio Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489630/-effects-of-incisional-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-on-primary-closed-defects-after-superficial-circumflex-iliac-artery-perforator-flap-harvest-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Panxi Yu, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487456/deriving-literature-based-benchmarks-for-surgical-complications-in-high-income-countries-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Mary E Brindle, Derek J Roberts, Oluwatomilayo Daodu, Alex Bernard Haynes, Christy Cauley, Elijah Dixon, Claude La Flamme, Paul Bain, William Berry
INTRODUCTION: To improve surgical safety, health systems must identify preventable adverse outcomes and measure changes in these outcomes in response to quality improvement initiatives. This requires understanding of the scope and limitations of available population-level data. To derive literature-based summary estimates of benchmarks of care, we will systematically review and meta-analyse rates of postoperative complications associated with several common and/or high-risk operations performed in five high-income countries (HICs)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486844/a-real-world-experience-comparison-of-percutaneous-and-open-femoral-exposure-for-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-a-tertiary-medical-center
#19
Dipankar Mukherjee, Erica Emery, Rashad Majeed, Keyvan Heshmati, Homayoun Hashemi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of elective percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (PEVAR) versus surgical cutdown endovascular aneurysm repair (SEVAR) procedures performed at a tertiary medical center from 2012 to 2015. METHODS: This is a unique study using procedure data from two vascular surgeons who performed SEVAR in almost every case versus three vascular surgeons who performed PEVAR in all cases except when considered prohibitive on account of circumferential calcification or severe occlusive disease of the common femoral artery or some other technical consideration...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483631/a-retrospective-analysis-of-surgical-femoral-artery-closure-techniques-conventional-vs-purse-suture-technique
#20
Mehmet Cakici, Levent Yazicioglu, Cagdas Baran, Evren Ozcinar, Alper Ozgur, Canan Soykan, Sadik Eryilmaz, Sadik Bilgiç, Bulent Kaya, A Ruchan Akar
INTRODUCTION: Different techniques have been reported for the exploration and repair of femoral artery (FA) in patients who undergo minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) and endovascular aortic surgery. We used a modified approach alternative to the conventional technique (group CT) since May 2013, which specifies a shorter groin incision and diamond shaped hemostatic purse sutures for arteriotomy closure without the requirement of cross-clamping (group PT) and evaluated early outcomes and the complication profiles of the two techniques for femoral access...
May 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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