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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915439/presence-of-ureaplasma-diversum-in-the-genital-tracts-of-female-dairy-cattle-in-mato-grosso-state-brazil
#1
Jaqueline B Azevedo, Gustavo S Silva, Priscylla S Rocha, Letícia C Pitchenin, Valéria Dutra, Luciano Nakazato, Anderson Castro Soares de Oliveira, Caroline A Pescador
Ureaplasma diversum infection in bovine females may result in various reproductive problems, including granular vulvovaginitis, abortion, weak calves, salpingitis, and spontaneous abortion. The presence of U. diversum in a dairy bovine population from midwestern Brazil has not been established. The aim of this study was to determine whether U. diversum was present in dairy cattle from midwestern Brazil using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Vulvovaginal mucus was analyzed from 203 cows located in six municipalities in the north region of Mato Grosso State, Brazil...
December 3, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915337/quercetin-assists-fluconazole-to-inhibit-biofilm-formations-of-fluconazole-resistant-candida-albicans-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antifungal-managements-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#2
Mei Gao, Hui Wang, LiJuan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common gynecological disease. Candida albicans is believed to be mainly implicated in VVC occurrence, the biofilm of which is one of the virulence factors responsible for resistance to traditional antifungal agents especially to fluconazole (FCZ). Quercetin (QCT) is a dietary flavonoid and has been demonstrated to be antifungal against C. albicans biofilm. METHODS: 17 C. albicans isolates including 15 clinical ones isolated from VVC patients were employed to investigate the effects of QCT and/or FCZ on the inhibition of C...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906807/quality-of-life-and-sexual-distress-in-women-with-erosive-vulvovaginal-lichen-planus
#3
Harriet Cheng, Amanda Oakley, John V Conaglen, Helen M Conaglen
OBJECTIVES: Erosive vulvovaginal lichen planus (EVLP) is a chronic and painful genital dermatosis. Little is published about its impact on quality of life. This study aimed to evaluate quality of life and sexual function in women with EVLP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with genital dermatoses were surveyed using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Hospital Depression and Anxiety Scales. A subgroup completed the Female Sexual Distress Scale and Female Sexual Function Index subscales...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902605/angiomyofibroblastoma-of-the-mediastinum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Jianguo Zhu, Sheng Su, Haige Li
INTRODUCTION: Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB) is an extremely rare disease. It commonly occurs in middle-aged females and mainly involves the vulvovaginal region. Pathological examination plays an important role in differentiating from other tumors. But far less published literature focus on the imaging characteristics of AMFB. CLINICAL FINDINGS/DIAGNOSES: We reported a case of AMFB in a 73-year-old male, involving the mediastinum with computed tomography (CT) imaging and pathologic findings...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893600/prevalence-and-correlates-of-genital-infections-among-newly-diagnosed-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-entering-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-in-windhoek-namibia
#5
Gaston Djomand, Madeleine Schlefer, Steve Gutreuter, Sarah Tobias, Roopal Patel, Nickolas DeLuca, Julia Hood, Souleymane Sawadogo, Cheng Chen, Alexinah Muadinohamba, David W Lowrance, Naomi Bock
BACKGROUND: Identifying and treating genital infections, including sexually transmitted infections (STI), among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals may benefit both public and individual health. We assessed prevalence of genital infections and their correlates among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals enrolling in HIV care services in Namibia. METHODS: Newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults entering HIV care at 2 health facilities in Windhoek, Namibia, were recruited from December 2012 to March 2014...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882758/-vulvar-squamous-precancerous-lesions-history-and-current-state-of-the-topic
#6
L Ševčík, P Škapa, Y Vantuchová, V Benčík
This review article discribes the genesis and development of vulvar squamous precancerous lesions terminology and discusses the consensus of the International Society for the Study of Vulvovaginal Disease, the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, College of American Pathologists and the World Health Organization on the current terminology. The article describes the different types of vulvar squamous precancerous lesions, according to their etiology, incidence and malignant potential.
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882525/genotyping-and-persistence-of-candida-albicans-from-pregnant-women-with-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#7
Cecilia V Tapia, Germán Hermosilla, Paula Fortes, Claudio Alburquenque, Sergio Bucarey, Hugo Salinas, Paula I Rodas, María Cristina Díaz, Fabien Magne
OBJECTIVE: To study Candida albicans genotypes using RAPD and their susceptibility to fluconazole in healthy pregnant women and in vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) patients after topical treatment with clotrimazole. METHODS: Vaginal swabs were collected at t = 0 and t = 1 (1 month later) in pregnant women (control group, n = 33), and before (t = 0), at 1 month (t = 1) and at 2 months (t = 2) after clotrimazole treatment in pregnant women with VVC. RESULTS: Candida albicans was isolated in 30% of healthy pregnant women and 80% of patients with VVC...
November 23, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875388/is-vulvovaginal-atrophy-due-to-a-lack-of-both-estrogens-and-androgens
#8
Fernand Labrie, Céline Martel, Georges Pelletier
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the preclinical data showing the role of both estrogens and androgens in the physiology of the vagina, and, most likely, in vulvovaginal atrophy of menopause. METHODS: Mass spectrometry-based assays (validated according to the FDA guidelines) for the measurement of sex steroids, their precursors, and metabolites were used. In addition to fixation of the vagina for morphological examination, histomorphometry, immunocytochemistry, immunofluorescence, and quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were performed...
November 21, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870929/a-clinical-study-of-cutaneous-changes-in-pregnancy
#9
Vinitha V Panicker, Najeeba Riyaz, P K Balachandran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women experience a myriad of physiological and metabolic changes that affect different organ systems in the body. Cutaneous and appendageal alterations that manifest during pregnancy are largely modulated by hormonal, immunologic, and metabolic factors. Detailed reports encompassing physiological changes and specific dermatoses of pregnancy and effects of various dermatoses on pregnant women are scanty in literature. This study was conducted to examine in detail both physiological changes and specific dermatoses...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868156/vaginal-and-sexual-health-treatment-strategies-within-a-female-sexual-medicine-program-for-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#10
Jeanne Carter, Cara Stabile, Barbara Seidel, Raymond E Baser, Shari Goldfarb, Deborah J Goldfrank
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate patient adherence and response to simple vaginal and sexual health treatment strategies in female cancer patients receiving treatment at a female sexual medicine and health program and identify improvements of physical symptoms, per patient and clinical evaluation. METHODS: Evaluability criteria included gynecologic exam at initial visit, at least one follow-up with gynecologic exam within 8 months of initial visit, and all consecutive follow-ups <6 months apart...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853523/recent-advances-in-understanding-provoked-vestibulodynia
#11
REVIEW
Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Steven S Witkin
Vulvodynia refers to pain in the vulva of at least 3 months' duration in the absence of a recognized underlying cause. Provoked, localized vestibulodynia is the term used to describe superficial pain confined to the vulvar vestibule, provoked by touch. This review will focus on provoked vestibulodynia with regard to its suggested causative factors and will discuss the role of inflammation, vulvovaginal infections, mucosal nerve fiber proliferation, hormonal associations, central pain mechanisms, pelvic floor muscle dysfunction, and genetic factors...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833289/premenarchal-labia-minora-hypertrophy
#12
Karoon Agrawal, Pankaj Kumar Patel, Shamendra Anand Sahu
Labia minora hypertrophy is a relatively uncommon surgical entity being popularised in the realm of vulvovaginal plastic surgeries. Apart from the unaesthetic appearance of the hypertrophied minora, these cases are also associated with itching, hygiene problem, pain while sitting down, sports activities, difficulty in wearing tight clothing, bleeding and discomfort while or after sexual intercourse, social embarrassment, insecurity and psychological diminution of confidence and self-esteem. In a country like India, due to sociocultural reasons, patients hesitate to consult a doctor for such deformities...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831658/postmenopausal-vulvovaginal-atrophy-vva-is-positively-improved-by-topical-hyaluronic-acid-application-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
M Origoni, C Cimmino, G Carminati, E Iachini, C Stefani, S Girardelli, S Salvatore, M Candiani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a topical vaginal preparation containing hyaluronic acid in controlling signs and symptoms correlated with postmenopausal vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, observational study has been performed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Vita Salute San Raffaele University of Milan, Italy. Forty-six (46) consecutive postmenopausal women complaining of genital discomfort due to postmenopausal estrogen lack have been enrolled...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830496/baofukang-suppository-promotes-the-repair-of-vaginal-epithelial-cells-in-response-to-candida-albicans
#14
Ting Li, Xiaoxi Niu, Xu Zhang, Suxia Wang, Zhaohui Liu
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an opportunistic fungal infection predominantly caused by Candida albicans affecting a significant number of women of reproductive age. The Chinese medicine, the Baofukang suppository is widely used in the clinic for its antimicrobial activity and is therefore of great interest as a potential antifungal drug for the prevention of VVC. We evaluated the cytotoxic activity of the Baofukang suppository using the VK2/E6E7 vaginal epithelial cell (VEC) line. When treated with the Baofukang suppository, all of the immunocompetent cytokines and chemokines (e...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823751/female-sexual-dysfunction-fsd-prevalence-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-qol
#15
REVIEW
Prof Rossella E Nappi, Laura Cucinella, Silvia Martella, Margherita Rossi, Lara Tiranini, Ellis Martini
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and quality of life (QOL) are both multidimensional and have a bidirectional relationship across the reproductive life span and beyond. Methodological difficulties exist in estimating the real prevalence of FSD because it is hard to determine the level of distress associated with sexual symptoms in a large-scale survey. Approximately 40-50% of all women report at least one sexual symptom, and some conditions associated with hormonal changes at menopause, such as vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA) and hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), have a significant impact on sexual function and QOL...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796932/the-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-efficacy-of-fluconazole-in-combination-with-farnesol-against-candida-albicans-isolates-using-a-murine-vulvovaginitis-model
#16
Aliz Bozó, Marianna Domán, László Majoros, Gábor Kardos, István Varga, Renátó Kovács
Farnesol is a quorum-sensing molecule that inhibits biofilm formation in Candida albicans. Previous in vitro data suggest that, in combination with certain antifungals, farnesol may have an adjuvant anti-biofilm agent. However, the in vivo efficacy of farnesol is very questionable. Therefore, the in vitro and in vivo activity of fluconazole combined with farnesol was evaluated against C. albicans biofilms using fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) determination, time-kill experiments and a murine vulvovaginitis model...
November 2016: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792058/clinical-features-and-response-to-systemic-therapy-in-a-historical-cohort-of-advanced-or-unresectable-mucosal-melanoma
#17
Alexander N Shoushtari, Mark J Bluth, Debra A Goldman, Christiana Bitas, Robert A Lefkowitz, Michael A Postow, Rodrigo R Munhoz, Gauri Buchar, Robert H Hester, Jacqueline A Romero, Laura J Fitzpatrick, Martin R Weiser, Katherine S Panageas, Jedd D Wolchok, Paul B Chapman, Richard D Carvajal
There are very few data available regarding the pattern of first metastases in resected mucosal melanomas (MMs) as well as the response of advanced MM to cytotoxic therapy. A retrospective, single-institution cohort was assembled of all patients with advanced/unresectable MM between 1995 and 2012 who had received systemic therapy with available imaging (N=81). Responses to first-line and second-line systemic therapy were assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The relationship between response, overall survival, and clinical covariates was investigated using Cox proportional hazards regression...
October 27, 2016: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788740/-study-on-the-production-of-igg-derived-from-vaginal-epithelial-cells-and-the-effect-of-anti-candida-albicans
#18
X X Niu, T Li, Z H Liu
Objective: To investigate the function of IgG secreted by vaginal epithelial cells in natural resistance to vulvovaginal candidiasis. Methods: (1)Immunohistochemical method was used to determine the expression of IgG secreted by normal vaginal epithelial cells VK2/E6E7.(2)Samples were divided into three groups by different proportions of VK2/E6E7 cells to Candida albicans ,including Candida albicans: VK2/E6E7 cells were 1∶10, 1∶1[yeast+ cells(1∶10)group and yeast+ cells(1∶1)group]and VK2/E6E7 cells as blank control group...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788738/-relationship-of-hpv-infection-and-bv-vvc-tv-a-clinical-study-based-on-1-261-cases-of-gynecologic-outpatients
#19
L T Meng, Y Xue, T Yue, L Yang, L Gao, R F An
Objective: To Explore the relationship between HPV infection and bacterial vaginosis(BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis(VVC), and trichomonal vaginitis(TV). Methods: Clinical data from 1 261 gynecologic outpatients who underwent the vaginal microecology and HPV type detection during June 2015 to December 2015 were collected and analyzed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. Results: In 1 261 patients, 328 cases infected with HPV, infection rate was 26.01%(328/1 261); vaginal infectious disease in 328 cases of HPV infections were 219 cases(66...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756539/prevalence-of-candida-spp-in-cervical-vaginal-samples-and-the-in-vitro-susceptibility-of-isolates
#20
Tchana Martinez Brandolt, Gabriel Baracy Klafke, Carla Vitola Gonçalves, Laura Riffel Bitencourt, Ana Maria Barral de Martinez, Josiara Furtado Mendes, Mário Carlos Araújo Meireles, Melissa Orzechowski Xavier
Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an infection of the genital mucosa caused by different species of the genus Candida. Considering the lack of data on this topic in the south of Brazil, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of Candida spp. in the cervical-vaginal mucosa of patients treated at a university hospital in southern Rio Grande do Sul, as well as the etiology and the susceptibility of the isolates against fluconazole, itraconazole, miconazole and nystatin. Samples were collected at the gynecology clinic of the Federal Hospital of the University of Rio Grande, and the isolates were identified using phenotypic and biochemical tests...
October 4, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
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