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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325155/sleep-findings-in-brazilian-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#1
Luciana Pinato, Erlane M Ribeiro, Rebeka F P Leite, Thayse F Lopes, André L S Pessoa, Leila M Guissoni Campos, Giovanna E Piffer, Ana L D M Souza, Célia M Giacheti
Study Objectives: Zika virus infection during pregnancy may result in congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), whose characteristics are being described. Methods: The present study aimed to investigate the sleep characteristics of 136 infants/toddlers (88 with CZS and 48 with typical development (TD), age and gender matched, 60% girls and 40% boys in both groups) using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The ages of children in both groups ranged from 5 to 24 months (CZS 15...
January 6, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317179/-adaptation-and-study-of-the-measurement-properties-of-a-sleep-questionnaire-for-infants-and-pre-school-children
#2
Pia Cassanello, Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Nuria Gorina, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Jose M Martínez-Sanchez, Albert Balaguer
INTRODUCTION: Although sleep disturbances in infants and toddlers are common, there is no suitable validated tool in Spanish to evaluate sleep disorders. The Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) is a well-established multidimensional questionnaire widely used internationally. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the BISQ questionnaire to Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity. To explore its feasibility, both in the clinical context, and in epidemiological research...
January 6, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219102/canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep
#3
Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Kristi B Adamo, Salomé Aubert, Joel D Barnes, Louise Choquette, Mary Duggan, Guy Faulkner, Gary S Goldfield, Casey E Gray, Reut Gruber, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Xanne Janssen, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nicholas Kuzik, Claire LeBlanc, Joanna MacLean, Anthony D Okely, Veronica J Poitras, Mary-Ellen Rayner, John J Reilly, Margaret Sampson, John C Spence, Brian W Timmons, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology convened representatives of national organizations, research experts, methodologists, stakeholders, and end-users who followed rigorous and transparent guideline development procedures to create the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These novel guidelines for children of the early years embrace the natural and intuitive integration of movement behaviours across the whole day (24-h period)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219096/meeting-new-canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-adiposity-among-toddlers-living-in-edmonton-canada
#4
Eun-Young Lee, Kylie D Hesketh, Stephen Hunter, Nicholas Kuzik, Ryan E Rhodes, Christina M Rinaldi, John C Spence, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: Canada has recently released guidelines that include toddler-specific recommendations for physical activity, screen-based sedentary behaviour, and sleep. This study examined the proportions of toddlers meeting the new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years) and associations with body mass index (BMI) z-scores in a sample from Edmonton, Canada. METHODS: Participants included 151 toddlers (aged 19.0 ± 1.9 months) for whom there was complete objectively measured physical activity data from the Parents' Role in Establishing healthy Physical activity and Sedentary behaviour habits (PREPS) project...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219095/compliance-with-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-associations-with-weight-status
#5
Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. METHODS: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#6
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219071/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-combinations-of-movement-behaviours-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years
#7
Nicholas Kuzik, Veronica J Poitras, Mark S Tremblay, Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: A recent review highlighted important relationships between combinations of movement behaviours (i.e., sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity) and health indicators among school-aged children and youth (aged 5-17 years). It is unclear whether similar relationships exist in younger children. Therefore, this review sought to examine the relationships between combinations of movement behaviours and health indicators in the early years (1.00 month to 4.99 years)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193625/agreement-between-actigraphy-and-diary-recorded-measures-of-sleep-in-children-with-epilepsy
#8
Shao-Yu Tsai, Wang-Tso Lee, Chien-Chang Lee, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wen-Chin Weng
PURPOSE: To describe sleep patterns in young children with epilepsy and to examine levels of agreement between measurements derived from actigraphy and diary recordings. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eighty-nine toddlers and preschool-aged children with epilepsy wore an actigraph on their wrists for 7 consecutive days. Parents and caregivers maintained a concurrent sleep diary while the child was wearing the monitor. Levels of agreement between actigraphy and diary recordings were examined using the Bland and Altman method separately for all recording days, weekdays, and weekends...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065963/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-two-years-of-age-for-premature-infants-diagnosed-with-neonatal-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Anuja Bandyopadhyay, Heidi Harmon, James E Slaven, Ameet S Daftary
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive deficits have been shown in school-aged children with sleep apnea. The effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all preterm infants (< 37 weeks) who had neonatal polysomnography (PSG) and completed neurodevelopmental assessment with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition, between 2006 to 2015 at Riley Hospital...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058789/sleep-biological-stress-and-health-among-toddlers-living-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-homes-a-research-protocol
#10
Monica R Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Craig A Canapari, Sangchoon Jeon, Nancy S Redeker
Healthy sleep is important to behavioral, neurobiological, and physiologic health. In older children and adults, stress biomarkers, such as cortisol and C-reactive protein, increase when they do not practice healthy sleep habits. However, little is known about the relationships among sleep health, stress, and health outcomes among very young children living with socioeconomic adversity, a group that is particularly at risk for poor future health. The NIH-funded study described in this protocol addresses this scientific gap to improve understanding of these relationships during a critical developmental period in children's lives-toddlerhood...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052014/predictive-validity-of-a-service-setting-based-measure-to-identify-infancy-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Janni Ammitzbøll, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Bjørn E Holstein, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
Measures to identify infancy mental health problems are essential to guide interventions and reduce the risk of developmental psychopathology in early years. We investigated a new service-setting-based measure the Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening (CIMHS) within the general child health surveillance by community health nurses (CHN). The study population of 2973 infants was assessed by CIMHS at age 9-10 months. A subsample of 416 children was examined at age 1½ years, using parent interviews including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5), Check List of Autism and Toddlers (CHAT), Infant-Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSCL), and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID) and observations of behavior, communication, and interaction...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031747/sleep-phenotypes-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-neurogenetic-syndromes
#12
Emily A Abel, Bridgette L Tonnsen
BACKGROUND: Although sleep problems are well characterized in preschool- and school-age children with neurogenetic syndromes, little is known regarding the early emergence of these problems in infancy and toddlerhood. To inform syndrome-specific profiles and targets for intervention, we compared parent-reported sleep problems in infants and toddlers with Angelman syndrome (AS), Williams syndrome (WS), and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) with patterns observed among same-aged typically developing (TD) controls...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027646/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-obese-toddlers-and-preschool-children
#13
Saadoun Bin-Hasan, Sherri Katz, Zoe Nugent, Joy Nehme, Zihang Lu, Abdullah Khayat, Suhail Al-Saleh, Reshma Amin, Indra Narang
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder estimated at 1-5% in the school-aged children. With the obesity prevalence reaching staggering rates globally, OSA in obese adolescents is estimated to be 4-5-folds higher than their lean peers. There is a paucity of data regarding obesity-related OSA in children 6 years and less. This is particularly relevant as OSA is associated with neurocognitive deficits. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of OSA among obese toddlers and preschool children and further to determine what other factors may be associated with the presence of OSA...
October 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985580/implementation-of-a-nightly-bedtime-routine-how-quickly-do-things-improve
#14
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Christina Lee, Ariel A Williamson, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Institution of a consistent bedtime routine has been demonstrated to improve sleep in young children within two weeks. However, no studies have investigated the rate of this change and when most change occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine the nightly change in infant sleep and maternal perceptions after implementing a bedtime routine. METHODS: Mothers (n=134) and their infant (8-18 months) were randomly assigned to implementation of a bedtime routine intervention for a two-week period...
October 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899531/sleep-disorders-and-allergic-diseases-in-chinese-toddlers
#15
Xu Wang, Xiang Gao, Qian Yang, Xia Wang, Shenghui Li, Fan Jiang, Jun Zhang, Fengxiu Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: Optimal sleep is important for child growth, development, and immune function. We aimed to explore whether sleep disorders were associated with the risk of allergic diseases in Chinese toddlers. METHODS: This study included 566 children (aged 23.9 ± 0.7 months; 51.1% boys) in Shanghai, China. Sleep parameters (total sleep time, sleep onset latency, nocturnal awaking and snoring) were assessed by an expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ-expanded)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883538/shorter-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-higher-energy-intake-and-an-increase-in-bmi-z-score-in-young-children-predisposed-to-overweight
#16
A Rangan, M Zheng, N J Olsen, J F Rohde, B L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep has been shown to be a contributor to obesity in both children and adults. Less evidence is available for toddlers and among those with higher obesity risk. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep patterns and body weight development in a group of young obesity-predisposed children, and to assess whether intakes of energy or macronutrients mediate this relationship. METHODS: Participants included 368 Danish children aged 2-6 years from the Healthy Start Study, a 1...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803507/what-box-a-task-for-assessing-language-lateralization-in-young-children
#17
Nicholas A Badcock, Rachael Spooner, Jessica Hofmann, Atlanta Flitton, Scott Elliott, Lisa Kurylowicz, Louise M Lavrencic, Heather M Payne, Georgina K Holt, Anneka Holden, Owen F Churches, Mark J Kohler, Hannah A D Keage
The assessment of active language lateralization in infants and toddlers is challenging. It requires an imaging tool that is unintimidating, quick to setup, and robust to movement, in addition to an engaging and cognitively simple language processing task. Functional Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (fTCD) offers a suitable technique and here we report on a suitable method to elicit active language production in young children. The 34-second "What Box" trial presents an animated face "searching" for an object...
August 13, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777180/sleep-wake-disorders-of-childhood
#18
Suresh Kotagal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-wake disorders occur in 10% to 28% of children and differ somewhat in pathophysiology and management from sleep-wake disorders in adults. This article discusses the diagnosis and management of key childhood sleep disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of sleep in memory consolidation and in the facilitation of learning has been increasingly recognized, even at the toddler stage. Cataplexy, a key feature of narcolepsy type 1, may be subtle in childhood and characterized by transient muscle weakness isolated to the face...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735915/changes-in-children-s-sleep-domains-between-2-and-3%C3%A2-years-of-age-the-ulm-spatz-health-study
#19
Stefanie Braig, Michael S Urschitz, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jon Genuneit
OBJECTIVE: There is growing interest in the link between sleep habits and child health but reference values specific to toddlers as well as longitudinal data on sleep are scarce. We aimed to describe parent-reported child sleep habits and their intra-individual changes in two- to three-year-olds using data from a regional birth cohort study. METHODS: In the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, a birth cohort study conducted at Ulm, Southern Germany, with baseline examination from April 2012 to May 2013, the German version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ-DE) was used longitudinally at follow-ups at two and three years (N = 615 children)...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-patterns-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#20
Kim D Y Daban, Daniel Y T Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture in sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices, and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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