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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427039/low-dose-growth-hormone-treatment-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-prader-willi-syndrome-is-comparable-to-higher-dosage-regimens
#1
Elly Scheermeyer, Mark Harris, Ian Hughes, Patricia A Crock, Geoffrey Ambler, Charles F Verge, Phil Bergman, George Werther, Maria E Craig, Catherine S Choong, Peter S W Davies
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate benefit and risk of low dose growth hormone treatment (GHT, 4.5mg/m(2)/week) in very young children with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal clinical intervention. METHODS: We evaluated 31 infants (aged 2-12months) and 42 toddlers (13-24months) from the PWS-OZGROW database for height, weight and BMI using the World Health Organization standard deviation scores (SDSWHO) and PWS specific BMI (SDSPWS), bone age, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) levels and adverse events over 3years of GHT...
March 24, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420626/sleep-problems-in-toddlers-are-linked-to-touch-screen-use-survey-finds
#2
Jacqui Wise
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406474/daily-touchscreen-use-in-infants-and-toddlers-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-and-delayed-sleep-onset
#3
Celeste H M Cheung, Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez De Urabain, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Traditional screen time (e.g. TV and videogaming) has been linked to sleep problems and poorer developmental outcomes in children. With the advent of portable touchscreen devices, this association may be extending down in age to disrupt the sleep of infants and toddlers, an age when sleep is essential for cognitive development. However, this association has not been demonstrated empirically. This study aims to examine whether frequency of touchscreen use is associated with sleep in infants and toddlers between 6 and 36 months of age...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390462/does-the-texas-first-dental-home-program-improve-parental-oral-care-knowledge-and-practices
#4
Charmaine L Thompson, Ann L McCann, Emet D Schneiderman
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Texas Medicaid First Dental Home (FDH) by comparing the oral health knowledge, practices, and opinions of participating vs. non-participating parents. METHODS: A 29-question survey (English & Spanish) was developed and administered to 165 parents of children under three years old (FDH=49, Non-FDH=116) who visited qualifying Medicaid clinics in Texas. RESULTS: Mann Whitney U tests showed that FDH parents scored higher on overall knowledge (P=0...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366346/sensory-profile-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-behavioral-insomnia-and-or-feeding-disorders
#5
R Tauman, H Avni, A Drori-Asayag, H Nehama, M Greenfeld, Y Leitner
BACKGROUND: Sleep and feeding difficulties are two common disorders in early childhood. It has been shown that feeding difficulties are more common among children with sleep disorders and vice versa. Since a child's characteristics play a substantial role in these two conditions, we aimed to investigate the sensory profile of infants and toddlers with behavioral insomnia (BI) or feeding disorders (FDs) in comparison with healthy age-matched controls. METHODS: Children aged 7-36 months with BI or FD were recruited from the sleep and feeding disorders clinics...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366345/young-child-and-maternal-sleep-in-the-middle-east
#6
Jodi A Mindell, Christina Lee, Avi Sadeh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to characterize sleep patterns and sleep problems in a large sample of infants and toddlers (from birth to three years) and their mothers in Arabic-speaking families in the Middle East and compare the results to those living in predominantly Asian and predominantly Caucasian countries/regions. METHODS: Mothers of 669 young children (from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Algeria, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq, Kuwai, Oman, Palestinian territories, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Bahrain, Israel, and other Arab countries) completed an Internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire, Daily Infant Mood Scale, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364612/human-exposure-to-hbcd-and-tbbpa-via-indoor-dust-in-korea-estimation-of-external-exposure-and-body-burden
#7
Mandana Barghi, Eun-Su Shin, Jong-Chul Kim, Sung-Deuk Choi, Yoon-Seok Chang
Human exposure to brominated flame retardants (BFRs) such as hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) mainly occurs through diet and dust ingestion. In this study, the BFR concentrations in 124 vacuum dust samples of six categories of indoor environments (homes, offices, kindergartens, cars, schools, and public indoor environments) and 32 surface dust samples were investigated. The median ΣHBCD concentrations ranged from 106.30ngg(-1) in home dust to 496.13ngg(-1) in office dust. The TBBPA concentrations in indoor dust (from 78...
March 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332103/parental-behaviors-and-sleep-wake-patterns-of-infants-and-toddlers-in-hong-kong-china
#8
Xin-Ting Yu, Avi Sadeh, Hugh Simon Lam, Jodi A Mindell, Albert Martin Li
BACKGROUND: To describe the sleep patterns of children below 36 months in Hong Kong, and evaluate the associations between parental behaviors and childhood sleep/wake patterns. METHODS: Parents of 1049 infants and toddlers completed an internet-based expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Total sleep duration (P<0.001), frequency (P<0.001) and duration (P<0.001) of nocturnal awakenings decreased with age, whereas the longest sleep duration (P<0...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267431/foreword-sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#9
EDITORIAL
Arthur H Fierman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141712/significant-sleep-dysregulation-in-a-toddler-with-developmental-delay
#10
Martin T Stein, Judith Owens, Myles Abbott
Derrick's parents made an appointment with a new pediatrician for a second opinion about disordered sleep. Now 22-months old, he was evaluated at 18 months of age for developmental delay when he was found to have "a regulatory disorder associated with delays in language and motor development, hypotonia and significant sleep problems." The parents are now most concerned about his sleeping pattern. Prolonged sleep onset and frequent night awaking occur each night since 6-months of age. These problems are more severe in the past few months when he awakes screaming and cannot be settled...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117919/influence-of-maternal-psychological-traits-on-sleep-bruxism-in-children
#11
Marilia Leão Goettems, Victorio Poletto-Neto, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flavio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep disorder with high incidence in toddlers and may perpetuate to adulthood. The multifactorial etiology of bruxism includes pathophysiologic and psychological factors. AIM: To investigate the relationship between depression, stressful events, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety and depression with SB in children of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 536 mothers and their children aged 24-36 months...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117135/sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#12
REVIEW
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
February 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062427/novel-sleep-management-method-in-a-toddler-displaying-fear-and-trauma-the-boss-of-my-sleep-book
#13
Sarah Blunden
Sleep problems in toddlers occur in ∼40% of children and increase the likelihood of postnatal depression. Most sleep training in toddlers requires contact with a trained professional, and requires a parent to ignore their child's cries, causing distress to many children and parents, increasing attrition and leaving families untreated and at risk. This case study reports success in significantly ameliorating sleep reluctance and bedtime fears in a sleep disturbed toddler with a history of trauma. It uses a novel use of bedtime behaviour management with some positive reinforcement techniques, called the Boss of My Sleep book: a non-cry, online (thus readily and cheaply available without a trained professional) sleep intervention...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018993/sleep-duration-sedentary-behaviors-and-physical-activity-across-weight-status-in-hispanic-toddlers-participants-of-the-wic-program
#14
José Molina, Kiara Amaro, Cynthia M Pérez, Cristina Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical activity, sedentary behaviors and sleep duration in toddlers' participants of the WIC program in Puerto Rico and assess its association with excessive weight. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data gathered in the follow-up visit (12 months later) of a longitudinal study among toddlers 12-36 months old participants of the WIC program. In this follow-up visit, a Sleep, Sedentary Behaviors and Physical Activity Questionnaire was included...
2016: Journal of Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812555/sleep-physiology-in-toddlers-effects-of-missing-a-nap-on-subsequent-night-sleep
#15
Jonathan M Lassonde, Thomas Rusterholz, Salome Kurth, Allyson M Schumacher, Peter Achermann, Monique K LeBourgeois
The shift from a biphasic to a monophasic sleep schedule is a fundamental milestone in early childhood. This transition, however, may result in periods of acute sleep loss as children may nap on some but not all days. Although data indicating the behavioral consequences of nap deprivation in young children are accumulating, little is known about changes to sleep neurophysiology following daytime sleep loss. This study addresses this gap in knowledge by examining the effects of acute nap deprivation on subsequent nighttime sleep electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters in toddlers...
October 2016: Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796623/testing-reciprocal-links-between-trouble-getting-to-sleep-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-and-bedtime-resistance-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-toddlers
#16
Anne Conway, Alison L Miller, Anahid Modrek
Sleep problems are associated with problematic adjustment in toddlers, but less is known regarding the direction of association between specific sleep problems and adjustment. To address this gap, we used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1001) to examine reciprocal associations between sleep problems and behavior problems from 24- to 36-months. Results from cross-lagged path models suggested specificity of associations between type of sleep problem and behavior problem...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753070/infant-respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-maternal-depressive-symptoms-predict-toddler-sleep-problems
#17
Noa Gueron-Sela, Cathi B Propper, Nicholas J Wagner, Marie Camerota, Kristin P Tully, Ginger A Moore
This study examined the direct and interactive effects of infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and maternal depressive symptoms (MDS) during the first 6 months of life in the prediction of children's sleep problems at age 18 months. Participants included 156 children and their mothers who were followed from 3 to 18 months of age. At ages 3 and 6 months, infants' cardiac activity was recorded at rest and during the still-face paradigm, a mother-child social challenge task, and estimates of infant baseline RSA (RSAB) and RSA withdrawal (RSAW) were calculated...
October 18, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577700/sleep-duration-and-rsa-suppression-as-predictors-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors
#18
Sunghye Cho, Lauren E Philbrook, Elizabeth L Davis, Kristin A Buss
Although the conceptual interplay among the biological and clinical features of sleep, arousal, and emotion regulation has been noted, little is understood about how indices of sleep duration and parasympathetic reactivity operate jointly to predict adjustment in early childhood. Using a sample of 123 toddlers, the present study examined sleep duration and RSA reactivity as predictors of internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Parents reported on children's sleep duration and adjustment. RSA reactivity was assessed via children's responses to fear-eliciting stimuli and an inhibitory control challenge...
January 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531146/gait-disturbance-as-the-presenting-symptom-in-young-children-with-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis
#19
Anusha K Yeshokumar, Lisa R Sun, Jessica L Klein, Kristin W Baranano, Carlos A Pardo
This case series demonstrates a novel clinical phenotype of gait disturbance as an initial symptom in children <3 years old with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis is one of the most common causes of encephalitis in children, more common than any of the viral encephalitides and the second most common autoimmune cause after acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children often presents with disrupted speech and sleep patterns followed by progression to motor dysfunction, dyskinesias, and seizures...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492858/sleep-and-social-emotional-development-in-infants-and-toddlers
#20
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Courtney DuMond, Avi Sadeh
The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships among variables related to sleep patterns and both social-emotional problems (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and dysregulation) and healthy social development (i.e., social competence). Assessments were completed at 6, 12, and 18 months across 5 cohorts of children for a total of 117 mother-child dyads. Mothers completed the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire at 6, 12, and 18 months, as well as the Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment at 12 and 18 months...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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