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Toddler sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065963/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-two-years-of-age-for-premature-infants-diagnosed-with-neonatal-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Anuja Bandyopadhyay, Heidi Harmon, James E Slaven, Ameet S Daftary
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive deficits have been shown in school-aged children with sleep apnea. The effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all preterm infants (< 37 weeks) who had neonatal polysomnography (PSG) and completed neurodevelopmental assessment with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition, between 2006 to 2015 at Riley Hospital...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058789/sleep-biological-stress-and-health-among-toddlers-living-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-homes-a-research-protocol
#2
Monica R Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Craig A Canapari, Sangchoon Jeon, Nancy S Redeker
Healthy sleep is important to behavioral, neurobiological, and physiologic health. In older children and adults, stress biomarkers, such as cortisol and C-reactive protein, increase when they do not practice healthy sleep habits. However, little is known about the relationships among sleep health, stress, and health outcomes among very young children living with socioeconomic adversity, a group that is particularly at risk for poor future health. The NIH-funded study described in this protocol addresses this scientific gap to improve understanding of these relationships during a critical developmental period in children's lives-toddlerhood...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052014/predictive-validity-of-a-service-setting-based-measure-to-identify-infancy-mental-health-problems-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Janni Ammitzbøll, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Bjørn E Holstein, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
Measures to identify infancy mental health problems are essential to guide interventions and reduce the risk of developmental psychopathology in early years. We investigated a new service-setting-based measure the Copenhagen Infant Mental Health Screening (CIMHS) within the general child health surveillance by community health nurses (CHN). The study population of 2973 infants was assessed by CIMHS at age 9-10 months. A subsample of 416 children was examined at age 1½ years, using parent interviews including the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5), Check List of Autism and Toddlers (CHAT), Infant-Toddler Symptom Checklist (ITSCL), and the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID) and observations of behavior, communication, and interaction...
October 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031747/sleep-phenotypes-in-infants-and-toddlers-with-neurogenetic-syndromes
#4
Emily A Abel, Bridgette L Tonnsen
BACKGROUND: Although sleep problems are well characterized in preschool- and school-age children with neurogenetic syndromes, little is known regarding the early emergence of these problems in infancy and toddlerhood. To inform syndrome-specific profiles and targets for intervention, we compared parent-reported sleep problems in infants and toddlers with Angelman syndrome (AS), Williams syndrome (WS), and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) with patterns observed among same-aged typically developing (TD) controls...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027646/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-obese-toddlers-and-preschool-children
#5
Saadoun Bin-Hasan, Sherri Katz, Zoe Nugent, Joy Nehme, Zihang Lu, Abdullah Khayat, Suhail Al-Saleh, Reshma Amin, Indra Narang
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder estimated at 1-5% in the school-aged children. With the obesity prevalence reaching staggering rates globally, OSA in obese adolescents is estimated to be 4-5-folds higher than their lean peers. There is a paucity of data regarding obesity-related OSA in children 6 years and less. This is particularly relevant as OSA is associated with neurocognitive deficits. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of OSA among obese toddlers and preschool children and further to determine what other factors may be associated with the presence of OSA...
October 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985580/implementation-of-a-nightly-bedtime-routine-how-quickly-do-things-improve
#6
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Christina Lee, Ariel A Williamson, Russel M Walters
BACKGROUND: Institution of a consistent bedtime routine has been demonstrated to improve sleep in young children within two weeks. However, no studies have investigated the rate of this change and when most change occurs. The purpose of this study was to examine the nightly change in infant sleep and maternal perceptions after implementing a bedtime routine. METHODS: Mothers (n=134) and their infant (8-18 months) were randomly assigned to implementation of a bedtime routine intervention for a two-week period...
October 3, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899531/sleep-disorders-and-allergic-diseases-in-chinese-toddlers
#7
Xu Wang, Xiang Gao, Qian Yang, Xia Wang, Shenghui Li, Fan Jiang, Jun Zhang, Fengxiu Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: Optimal sleep is important for child growth, development, and immune function. We aimed to explore whether sleep disorders were associated with the risk of allergic diseases in Chinese toddlers. METHODS: This study included 566 children (aged 23.9 ± 0.7 months; 51.1% boys) in Shanghai, China. Sleep parameters (total sleep time, sleep onset latency, nocturnal awaking and snoring) were assessed by an expanded version of the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ-expanded)...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883538/shorter-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-higher-energy-intake-and-an-increase-in-bmi-z-score-in-young-children-predisposed-to-overweight
#8
A Rangan, M Zheng, N J Olsen, J F Rohde, B L Heitmann
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep has been shown to be a contributor to obesity in both children and adults. Less evidence is available for toddlers and among those with higher obesity risk. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep patterns and body weight development in a group of young obesity-predisposed children, and to assess whether intakes of energy or macronutrients mediate this relationship. METHODS: Participants included 368 Danish children aged 2-6 years from the Healthy Start Study, a 1...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803507/what-box-a-task-for-assessing-language-lateralization-in-young-children
#9
Nicholas A Badcock, Rachael Spooner, Jessica Hofmann, Atlanta Flitton, Scott Elliott, Lisa Kurylowicz, Louise M Lavrencic, Heather M Payne, Georgina K Holt, Anneka Holden, Owen F Churches, Mark J Kohler, Hannah A D Keage
The assessment of active language lateralization in infants and toddlers is challenging. It requires an imaging tool that is unintimidating, quick to setup, and robust to movement, in addition to an engaging and cognitively simple language processing task. Functional Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (fTCD) offers a suitable technique and here we report on a suitable method to elicit active language production in young children. The 34-second "What Box" trial presents an animated face "searching" for an object...
August 13, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777180/sleep-wake-disorders-of-childhood
#10
Suresh Kotagal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-wake disorders occur in 10% to 28% of children and differ somewhat in pathophysiology and management from sleep-wake disorders in adults. This article discusses the diagnosis and management of key childhood sleep disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: The role of sleep in memory consolidation and in the facilitation of learning has been increasingly recognized, even at the toddler stage. Cataplexy, a key feature of narcolepsy type 1, may be subtle in childhood and characterized by transient muscle weakness isolated to the face...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735915/changes-in-children-s-sleep-domains-between-2-and-3%C3%A2-years-of-age-the-ulm-spatz-health-study
#11
Stefanie Braig, Michael S Urschitz, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Jon Genuneit
OBJECTIVE: There is growing interest in the link between sleep habits and child health but reference values specific to toddlers as well as longitudinal data on sleep are scarce. We aimed to describe parent-reported child sleep habits and their intra-individual changes in two- to three-year-olds using data from a regional birth cohort study. METHODS: In the Ulm SPATZ Health Study, a birth cohort study conducted at Ulm, Southern Germany, with baseline examination from April 2012 to May 2013, the German version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ-DE) was used longitudinally at follow-ups at two and three years (N = 615 children)...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613954/comparison-of-sleep-characteristics-patterns-and-problems-in-young-children-within-the-southeast-asian-region
#12
Kim D Y Daban, Daniel Y T Goh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal sleeping habits are important for health development of infants. The role of culture in sleep habits cannot be underestimated. We aimed to characterize sleep patterns, sleep practices, and sleep problems; and assess the sleep settings and parental perceptions of sleep problems in children from birth to 36 months in countries in the Southeast Asian (SEA) region. PARTICIPANTS: Parents and caregivers of infants and toddlers (birth to 36 months old) from countries in Southeast Asia participated in this study...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#13
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595143/brominated-and-phosphate-flame-retardants-frs-in-indoor-dust-from-different-microenvironments-implications-for-human-exposure-via-dust-ingestion-and-dermal-contact
#14
Xiaobo Zheng, Lin Qiao, Adrian Covaci, Runxia Sun, Huiying Guo, Jing Zheng, Xiaojun Luo, Qilai Xie, Bixian Mai
Indoor dust has been widely used to monitor flame retardants (FRs) in indoor environment, but most studies only focused on floor dust. In the present study, FRs were examined in indoor dust from different locations. Dust from air conditioner (AC) filters, beddings, floor, and windows in bedrooms, and dust from AC filters, printer table surface, computer table surface, floor, and windows in offices were collected, respectively. Polybrominated diphenyl ether congener 209 (BDE 209) and decabromodiphenyl ethane (DBDPE) were the most abundant brominated flame retardants (BFRs), and tris(chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP), tris(1,3-dichloroisopropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP), and triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) were the most abundant phosphate flame retardants (PFRs)...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592012/-investigation-of-dose-dependent-association-between-bedtime-routines-and-sleep-outcomes-in-infants-and-toddlers
#15
F Yang, Q M Lin, G H Wang, Y R Jiang, Y J Song, S M Dong, W Q Sun, Y J Deng, Y Wang, X J Xu, Q Zhu, F Jiang
Objective: To investigate the current bedtime routine among Chinese children less than 3 years of age and explore its dose-dependent association with sleep duration and sleep quality. Method: Healthy full-term born children aged 0-35 months were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method from 8 provinces in China following the "Hospital of Province-City-County" sampling technical route during 2012-2013.Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire(BISQ) was used to assess sleep conditions of these children.Children's personal and family information was obtained by Shanghai Children's Medical Center Socio-demographic Questionnaire...
June 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554786/is-sensory-processing-an-issue-for-infants-with-colic
#16
Tracy Harb, Nadine Frederiksen, Rebecca J Hill
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between sensory functioning, sleep, cry/fuss, and feeding behaviors of infants with colic younger than 4 months of age. METHODS: Dunn's Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile™ and a modified Barr Baby Day Diary(©) were used to assess 44 breastfed infants with colic under four months of age. Colic was defined according to Wessel's criteria. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 44 infants with colic (77%) scored as atypical for sensory processing...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550852/no-convincing-evidence-of-an-association-between-young-mothers-psychological-traits-and-sleep-bruxism-in-toddlers
#17
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522099/psychometric-properties-and-dutch-norm-values-of-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-in-toddlers
#18
Lindsay Martina Helena Steur, Eva Henriëtte Visser, Martha Alexandra Grootenhuis, Caroline Barbara Terwee, Gerardus Johannes Laurentius Kaspers, Raphaële Reine Lydie van Litsenburg
OBJECTIVE: The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) was developed in the USA for children aged 4-10 years. The Dutch CSHQ has been validated for this age group, but not yet for toddlers. Furthermore, Dutch norm values for toddlers are unavailable. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties and collect norm values of the Dutch CSHQ in toddlers. METHODS: Data collection was conducted by Taylor Nelson Sofres Netherlands Institute for Public Opinion (TNS-NIPO), a Dutch market research agency...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501936/maternal-sensitivity-predicts-fewer-sleep-problems-at-early-adolescence-for-toddlers-with-negative-emotionality-a-case-of-differential-susceptibility
#19
Anne Conway, Anahid Modrek, Prakash Gorroochurn
Theory underscores the importance of parenting in sleep development, but few studies have examined whether links vary by temperament. To address this gap, we tested whether potential links between early maternal sensitivity and early adolescent sleep problems varied by child negative emotionality and delay of gratification. Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 820), we found that high maternal sensitivity predicted fewer bedtime problems and longer sleep duration at 6th grade for toddlers with high negative emotionality, whereas low maternal sensitivity predicted the reverse...
May 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476071/parental-reports-of-early-socioemotional-and-behavioral-problems-does-the-father-s-view-make-a-difference
#20
Jaana Alakortes, Jenni Fyrstén, Risto Bloigu, Alice S Carter, Irma K Moilanen, Hanna E Ebeling
Although both mothers and fathers are essential sources of information to address early socioemotional/behavioral (SEB) problems, there continues to be a dearth of studies considering both parental views. A sample of 208 toddlers (Mage = 19.3 months) was recruited through public child health centers. Both parents of 172 toddlers (76 boys, 96 girls) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) 1-5 (T.M. Achenbach & L.A. Rescorla, 2000; Finnish translation by F. Almqvist, ). Correspondence (intraclass correlation coefficients; ICCs) between the maternal and paternal CBCL ratings was good (...
May 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
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