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Toddler sleep

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753539/real-world-implementation-of-infant-behavioral-sleep-interventions-results-of-a-parental-survey
#1
Sarah M Honaker, Amy J Schwichtenberg, Tamar A Kreps, Jodi A Mindell
OBJECTIVE: To describe parental practices implementing behavioral sleep intervention (BSI) outside a clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN: Parents (n = 652), recruited through a Facebook group designed as a peer support group for parents using BSI, completed an online survey about their experience using BSI with their infant or toddler. RESULTS: On average, parents implemented BSI when their infant was 5.6 (±2.77) months. Parents most often used modified (49...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605366/population-based-survey-of-inpatient-pediatric-tonsillectomy-and-postoperative-hemorrhage-in-taiwan-1997-2012
#2
Wan-Yi Hsueh, Wei-Chung Hsu, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Chia-Hsuan Lee, Kun-Tai Kang
OBJECTIVE: Tonsil surgery in children is a common surgical procedure, and is mostly performed as an inpatient procedure in Taiwan. This study elucidates the epidemiology and postoperative hemorrhage of inpatient tonsillectomies in Taiwanese children. METHODS: This study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for analysis. From 1997 to 2012, all in-hospital children (aged <18 years) who underwent tonsillectomies were identified through the International Codes of Diseases (9th Revision)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595307/night-awakening-in-infancy-developmental-stability-and-longitudinal-associations-with-psychomotor-development
#3
Tiina E Mäkelä, Mikko J Peltola, Pirkko Nieminen, E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, Anneli Kylliäinen
Fragmented sleep is common in infancy. Although night awakening is known to decrease with age, in some infants night awakening is more persistent and continues into older ages. However, the influence of fragmented sleep on development is poorly known. In the present study, the longitudinal relationship between fragmented sleep and psychomotor development (Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development [Bayley-III]; Bayley, 2009) was investigated in infants with (≥3 night awakenings, n = 81) and without fragmented sleep (≤1 night awakening, n = 70) within the CHILD-SLEEP birth cohort at 8 and 24 months of age...
March 29, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570568/perceived-toddler-sleep-problems-co-sleeping-and-maternal-sleep-and-mental-health
#4
Lauren B Covington, Bridget Armstrong, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sleep problems are associated with insufficient parental sleep and adverse maternal mental health symptoms, which may be exacerbated when mothers/toddlers co-sleep (i.e., bed/room sharing). This study examines maternal sleep duration as a mechanism linking perceived toddler sleep problems with maternal mental health and examines whether these associations vary by co-sleeping, in addition to exploring alternative models. METHODS: Low-income mothers of toddlers (n = 280) (age 12-32 months) recruited from Women, Infants, and Children and pediatric clinics provided demographic information and completed questionnaires on their toddler's sleep and their own sleep duration and mental health symptoms (depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress)...
April 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527757/disturbed-sleep-and-activity-in-toddlers-with-early-signs-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#5
Anne-Katrine F Bundgaard, Jette Asmussen, Nadia S Pedersen, Niels Bilenberg
This study investigated whether early signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in toddlers aged 2-3 years are associated with disturbed sleep and activity levels. Participants were recruited from the Odense Child Cohort, and children scoring above the 93rd percentile on the ADHD scale of the Child Behaviour Checklist 1½-5 were categorised as cases and compared with age- and gender-matched normal-scoring controls. Daytime and nocturnal activity for 24 children with ADHD traits (cases) and 25 healthy controls was assessed through 7 days of actigraphy, and parents completed the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and the ADHD Rating Scale IV Preschool Version (ADHD-RS)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506060/social-motor-and-cognitive-development-through-the-lens-of-sleep-network-dynamics-in-infants-and-toddlers-between-12-and-30-months-of-age
#6
Jessica Page, Caroline Lustenberger, Flavio Fr Hlich
Widespread change in behavior and the underlying brain network substrate is a hallmark of early development. Sleep plays a fundamental role in this process. Both slow waves and spindles are key features of nonrapid eye movement sleep (NREM) that exhibit pronounced developmental trajectories from infancy to adulthood. Yet, these prominent features of NREM sleep are poorly understood in infants and toddlers in the age range of 12 to 30 months. Moreover, it is unknown how network dynamics of NREM sleep are associated with outcomes of early development...
April 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484637/child-sleep-and-socioeconomic-context-in-the-development-of-cognitive-abilities-in-early-childhood
#7
Caroline P Hoyniak, John E Bates, Angela D Staples, Kathleen M Rudasill, Dennis L Molfese, Victoria J Molfese
Despite a robust literature examining the association between sleep problems and cognitive abilities in childhood, little is known about this association in toddlerhood, a period of rapid cognitive development. The present study examined the association between various sleep problems, using actigraphy, and performance on a standardized test of cognitive abilities, longitudinally across three ages (30, 36, and 42 months) in a large sample of toddlers (N = 493). Results revealed a between-subject effect in which the children who had more delayed sleep schedules on average also showed poorer cognitive abilities on average but did not support a within-subjects effect...
February 27, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428324/pre-and-postnatal-tobacco-and-cannabis-exposure-and-child-behavior-problems-bidirectional-associations-joint-effects-and-sex-differences
#8
Rina D Eiden, Junru Zhao, Meghan Casey, Shannon Shisler, Pamela Schuetze, Craig R Colder
AIMS: We examined prospective associations between pre-and-postnatal tobacco and cannabis exposure on child behavior problems from 2 to 3 years of child age, sex differences in these associations, and bidirectional associations between maternal postnatal substance use and child behavior problems across time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 247 primarily young, unmarried, low-income, minority mothers and their children (97 prenatally exposed to tobacco and cannabis, 81 exposed to tobacco only, and 69 non-exposed)...
April 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425578/massage-based-bedtime-routine-impact-on-sleep-and-mood-in-infants-and-mothers
#9
Jodi A Mindell, Christina I Lee, Erin S Leichman, Katie N Rotella
Establishment of a consistent bedtime routine is often recommended to families with young children with sleep difficulties. However, there are limited studies assessing specific bedtime routines in the treatment of infant and toddler sleep disturbances. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a massage-based bedtime routine on infant sleep, maternal sleep, and maternal mood. A total of 123 mothers and their 3- to 18-month-old infant were randomly assigned to a routine (one-week baseline of usual bedtime routine, two-weeks intervention) or control group (three-weeks of their usual bedtime routine)...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396718/chiari-type-i-malformation-of-infants-and-toddlers
#10
Gordan Grahovac, Tatiana Pundy, Tadanori Tomita
OBJECTIVES: Chiari I malformation has been a well-recognized clinical entity; however, its occurrence among infants and toddlers is unusual. Their clinical presentations may be different from other age groups due to their lack of effective verbal communication. The authors analyze their personal series of patients focusing on symptomatology and MRI characteristics. Treatment methods, results, and outcome are analyzed in order to identify appropriate surgical management among infants and toddlers with Chiari I malformation...
February 2, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356666/factors-associated-with-shorter-night-time-sleep-in-toddlers-the-survey-of-young-canadians
#11
Christy Costanian, Peri Abdullah, Nita Sawh, Ara Nagapatan, Hala Tamim
OBJECTIVES: Adequate sleep in childhood is important for healthy development. No information exists on the predictors of night-time sleep among toddlers in Canada. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of and to identify factors associated with sleeping &lt;11 consecutive hours per night among children aged 1-2 years in Canada. METHODS: Data from the cross sectional Survey of Young Canadians (SYC) 2010 were used. The biological mother reported on toddlers' sleep duration at night...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325155/sleep-findings-in-brazilian-children-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#12
Luciana Pinato, Erlane M Ribeiro, Rebeka F P Leite, Thayse F Lopes, André L S Pessoa, Leila M Guissoni Campos, Giovanna E Piffer, Ana L D M Souza, Célia M Giacheti
Study Objectives: Zika virus infection during pregnancy may result in congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), whose characteristics are being described. Methods: The present study aimed to investigate the sleep characteristics of 136 infants/toddlers (88 with CZS and 48 with typical development (TD), age and gender matched, 60% girls and 40% boys in both groups) using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The ages of children in both groups ranged from 5 to 24 months (CZS 15...
March 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317179/-adaptation-and-study-of-the-measurement-properties-of-a-sleep-questionnaire-for-infants-and-pre-school-children
#13
Pia Cassanello, Ana Díez-Izquierdo, Nuria Gorina, Nuria Matilla-Santander, Jose M Martínez-Sanchez, Albert Balaguer
INTRODUCTION: Although sleep disturbances in infants and toddlers are common, there is no suitable validated tool in Spanish to evaluate sleep disorders. The Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) is a well-established multidimensional questionnaire widely used internationally. OBJECTIVES: To adapt the BISQ questionnaire to Spanish and analyse its reliability and validity. To explore its feasibility, both in the clinical context, and in epidemiological research...
January 6, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219102/canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-0-4-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behaviour-and-sleep
#14
Mark S Tremblay, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Kristi B Adamo, Salomé Aubert, Joel D Barnes, Louise Choquette, Mary Duggan, Guy Faulkner, Gary S Goldfield, Casey E Gray, Reut Gruber, Katherine Janson, Ian Janssen, Xanne Janssen, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nicholas Kuzik, Claire LeBlanc, Joanna MacLean, Anthony D Okely, Veronica J Poitras, Mary-Ellen Rayner, John J Reilly, Margaret Sampson, John C Spence, Brian W Timmons, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology convened representatives of national organizations, research experts, methodologists, stakeholders, and end-users who followed rigorous and transparent guideline development procedures to create the Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years): An Integration of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep. These novel guidelines for children of the early years embrace the natural and intuitive integration of movement behaviours across the whole day (24-h period)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219096/meeting-new-canadian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-and-associations-with-adiposity-among-toddlers-living-in-edmonton-canada
#15
Eun-Young Lee, Kylie D Hesketh, Stephen Hunter, Nicholas Kuzik, Ryan E Rhodes, Christina M Rinaldi, John C Spence, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: Canada has recently released guidelines that include toddler-specific recommendations for physical activity, screen-based sedentary behaviour, and sleep. This study examined the proportions of toddlers meeting the new Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (0-4 years) and associations with body mass index (BMI) z-scores in a sample from Edmonton, Canada. METHODS: Participants included 151 toddlers (aged 19.0 ± 1.9 months) for whom there was complete objectively measured physical activity data from the Parents' Role in Establishing healthy Physical activity and Sedentary behaviour habits (PREPS) project...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219095/compliance-with-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-associations-with-weight-status
#16
Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Dylan P Cliff, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. METHODS: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219094/a-collaborative-approach-to-adopting-adapting-guidelines-the-australian-24-hour-movement-guidelines-for-the-early-years-birth-to-5-years-an-integration-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-sleep
#17
Anthony D Okely, Davina Ghersi, Kylie D Hesketh, Rute Santos, Sarah P Loughran, Dylan P Cliff, Trevor Shilton, David Grant, Rachel A Jones, Rebecca M Stanley, Julie Sherring, Trina Hinkley, Stewart G Trost, Clare McHugh, Simon Eckermann, Karen Thorpe, Karen Waters, Timothy S Olds, Tracy Mackey, Rhonda Livingstone, Hayley Christian, Harriette Carr, Adam Verrender, João R Pereira, Zhiguang Zhang, Katherine L Downing, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: In 2017, the Australian Government funded the update of the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children 0-5 years, with the intention that they be an integration of movement behaviours across the 24-h period. The benefit for Australia was that it could leverage research in Canada in the development of their 24-h guidelines for the early years. Concurrently, the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group published a model to produce guidelines based on adoption, adaption and/or de novo development using the GRADE evidence-to-decision framework...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219071/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-combinations-of-movement-behaviours-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4-years
#18
Nicholas Kuzik, Veronica J Poitras, Mark S Tremblay, Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: A recent review highlighted important relationships between combinations of movement behaviours (i.e., sleep, sedentary behaviour, and physical activity) and health indicators among school-aged children and youth (aged 5-17 years). It is unclear whether similar relationships exist in younger children. Therefore, this review sought to examine the relationships between combinations of movement behaviours and health indicators in the early years (1.00 month to 4.99 years)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193625/agreement-between-actigraphy-and-diary-recorded-measures-of-sleep-in-children-with-epilepsy
#19
Shao-Yu Tsai, Wang-Tso Lee, Chien-Chang Lee, Suh-Fang Jeng, Wen-Chin Weng
PURPOSE: To describe sleep patterns in young children with epilepsy and to examine levels of agreement between measurements derived from actigraphy and diary recordings. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Eighty-nine toddlers and preschool-aged children with epilepsy wore an actigraph on their wrists for 7 consecutive days. Parents and caregivers maintained a concurrent sleep diary while the child was wearing the monitor. Levels of agreement between actigraphy and diary recordings were examined using the Bland and Altman method separately for all recording days, weekdays, and weekends...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065963/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-at-two-years-of-age-for-premature-infants-diagnosed-with-neonatal-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Anuja Bandyopadhyay, Heidi Harmon, James E Slaven, Ameet S Daftary
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Neurocognitive deficits have been shown in school-aged children with sleep apnea. The effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on the neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed for all preterm infants (< 37 weeks) who had neonatal polysomnography (PSG) and completed neurodevelopmental assessment with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition, between 2006 to 2015 at Riley Hospital...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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