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Toddler sleep

Arthur H Fierman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Martin T Stein, Judith Owens, Myles Abbott
Derrick's parents made an appointment with a new pediatrician for a second opinion about disordered sleep. Now 22-months old, he was evaluated at 18 months of age for developmental delay when he was found to have "a regulatory disorder associated with delays in language and motor development, hypotonia and significant sleep problems." The parents are now most concerned about his sleeping pattern. Prolonged sleep onset and frequent night awaking occur each night since 6-months of age. These problems are more severe in the past few months when he awakes screaming and cannot be settled...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Marilia Leão Goettems, Victorio Poletto-Neto, Ayah Qassem Shqair, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flavio Fernando Demarco
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a sleep disorder with high incidence in toddlers and may perpetuate to adulthood. The multifactorial etiology of bruxism includes pathophysiologic and psychological factors. AIM: To investigate the relationship between depression, stressful events, and the presence of symptoms of anxiety and depression with SB in children of adolescent mothers. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study nested in a cohort evaluated a sample of 536 mothers and their children aged 24-36 months...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
February 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Sarah Blunden
Sleep problems in toddlers occur in ∼40% of children and increase the likelihood of postnatal depression. Most sleep training in toddlers requires contact with a trained professional, and requires a parent to ignore their child's cries, causing distress to many children and parents, increasing attrition and leaving families untreated and at risk. This case study reports success in significantly ameliorating sleep reluctance and bedtime fears in a sleep disturbed toddler with a history of trauma. It uses a novel use of bedtime behaviour management with some positive reinforcement techniques, called the Boss of My Sleep book: a non-cry, online (thus readily and cheaply available without a trained professional) sleep intervention...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
José Molina, Kiara Amaro, Cynthia M Pérez, Cristina Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To describe physical activity, sedentary behaviors and sleep duration in toddlers' participants of the WIC program in Puerto Rico and assess its association with excessive weight. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of data gathered in the follow-up visit (12 months later) of a longitudinal study among toddlers 12-36 months old participants of the WIC program. In this follow-up visit, a Sleep, Sedentary Behaviors and Physical Activity Questionnaire was included...
2016: J Child Obes
Jonathan M Lassonde, Thomas Rusterholz, Salome Kurth, Allyson M Schumacher, Peter Achermann, Monique K LeBourgeois
The shift from a biphasic to a monophasic sleep schedule is a fundamental milestone in early childhood. This transition, however, may result in periods of acute sleep loss as children may nap on some but not all days. Although data indicating the behavioral consequences of nap deprivation in young children are accumulating, little is known about changes to sleep neurophysiology following daytime sleep loss. This study addresses this gap in knowledge by examining the effects of acute nap deprivation on subsequent nighttime sleep electroencephalographic (EEG) parameters in toddlers...
October 2016: Neurobiology of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
Anne Conway, Alison L Miller, Anahid Modrek
Sleep problems are associated with problematic adjustment in toddlers, but less is known regarding the direction of association between specific sleep problems and adjustment. To address this gap, we used data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1001) to examine reciprocal associations between sleep problems and behavior problems from 24- to 36-months. Results from cross-lagged path models suggested specificity of associations between type of sleep problem and behavior problem...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Noa Gueron-Sela, Cathi B Propper, Nicholas J Wagner, Marie Camerota, Kristin P Tully, Ginger A Moore
This study examined the direct and interactive effects of infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and maternal depressive symptoms (MDS) during the first 6 months of life in the prediction of children's sleep problems at age 18 months. Participants included 156 children and their mothers who were followed from 3 to 18 months of age. At ages 3 and 6 months, infants' cardiac activity was recorded at rest and during the still-face paradigm, a mother-child social challenge task, and estimates of infant baseline RSA (RSAB) and RSA withdrawal (RSAW) were calculated...
October 18, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Sunghye Cho, Lauren E Philbrook, Elizabeth L Davis, Kristin A Buss
Although the conceptual interplay among the biological and clinical features of sleep, arousal, and emotion regulation has been noted, little is understood about how indices of sleep duration and parasympathetic reactivity operate jointly to predict adjustment in early childhood. Using a sample of 123 toddlers, the present study examined sleep duration and RSA reactivity as predictors of internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Parents reported on children's sleep duration and adjustment. RSA reactivity was assessed via children's responses to fear-eliciting stimuli and an inhibitory control challenge...
January 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
Anusha K Yeshokumar, Lisa R Sun, Jessica L Klein, Kristin W Baranano, Carlos A Pardo
This case series demonstrates a novel clinical phenotype of gait disturbance as an initial symptom in children <3 years old with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis is one of the most common causes of encephalitis in children, more common than any of the viral encephalitides and the second most common autoimmune cause after acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children often presents with disrupted speech and sleep patterns followed by progression to motor dysfunction, dyskinesias, and seizures...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Courtney DuMond, Avi Sadeh
The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships among variables related to sleep patterns and both social-emotional problems (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and dysregulation) and healthy social development (i.e., social competence). Assessments were completed at 6, 12, and 18 months across 5 cohorts of children for a total of 117 mother-child dyads. Mothers completed the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire at 6, 12, and 18 months, as well as the Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment at 12 and 18 months...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Mary J Ogg
Assessing discharge risks for infants and toddlers who have undergone moderate sedation Key words: patient discharge, pediatric, caregiver, moderate sedation. Assessing a child for sleep apnea Key words: pediatric, obstructive sleep apnea, moderate sedation. Using a frailty index to assess surgical patients Key words: frailty, surgical complications, older adult, Braden Scale, Fried Frailty Criteria. Determining the need for IV access in patients undergoing local anesthesia Key words: local anesthesia, IV, preoperative assessment...
August 2016: AORN Journal
Katherine W Follansbee-Junger, Krista A Mann, Shanna M Guilfoyle, Diego A Morita, James W Varni, Avani C Modi
UNLABELLED: Youth with epilepsy have impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Existing epilepsy-specific HRQOL measures are limited by not having parallel self- and parent-proxy versions, having a restricted age range, not being inclusive of children with developmental disabilities, or being too lengthy for use in a clinical setting. Generic HRQOL measures do not adequately capture the idiosyncrasies of epilepsy. The purpose of the present study was to develop items and content validity for the PedsQL™ Epilepsy Module...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Rachael Spooner, Kurt Lushington, Hannah A D Keage, Sarah Blunden, J Declan Kennedy, Mark Schembri, David Wabnitz, A James Martin, Mark J Kohler
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decrements, problematic behaviors, and increased cerebral blood flow velocities (CBFVs) have been reported in children aged 3-7 years with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Whether similar impairments exist in younger children or those with behavioral insomnia of childhood (BIC) remains unclear. This study aimed to compare cognition and temperament in children aged 1-5 years with SDB or BIC to healthy control children, and to investigate whether cognitive or behavioral deficits associated with sleep problems are related to changes in CBFV...
May 2016: Sleep Medicine
Erin R Hager, Christina J Calamaro, Lauren M Bentley, Kristen M Hurley, Yan Wang, Maureen M Black
BACKGROUND: Shortened sleep duration is associated with poor health and obesity among young children. Little is known about relationships among nighttime sleep duration, sleep behaviors, and obesogenic behaviors/obesity among toddlers. This study characterizes sleep behaviors/duration and examines relationships with obesogenic behaviors/obesity among toddlers from low-income families. METHODS: Mothers of toddlers (age 12-32 months) were recruited from urban/suburban sites serving low-income families...
October 2016: Childhood Obesity
Nicholas Kuzik, Valerie Carson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep are all movement behaviors that range on a continuum from no or low movement, to high movement. Consistent associations between movement behaviors and adiposity indicators have been observed in school-age children. However, limited information exists in younger children. Since approximately 50 % of Canadian children ≤5 years of age attend non-parental care, movement behaviors within and outside of the child care setting are important to consider...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Klára Horváth, Kim Plunkett
BACKGROUND: The facilitating role of sleep for language learning is well-attested in adults and to a lesser extent in infants and toddlers. However, the longitudinal relationship between sleep patterns and early vocabulary development is not well understood. METHODS: This study investigates how measures of sleep are related to the development of vocabulary size in infants and toddlers. Day and night-time sleeping patterns of infants and toddlers were compared with their concurrent and subsequent vocabulary development...
September 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Machiko Nakagawa, Hidenobu Ohta, Yuko Nagaoki, Rinshu Shimabukuro, Yoko Asaka, Noriko Takahashi, Takayo Nakazawa, Yousuke Kaneshi, Keita Morioka, Yoshihisa Oishi, Yuriko Azami, Mari Ikeuchi, Mari Takahashi, Michio Hirata, Miwa Ozawa, Kazutoshi Cho, Isao Kusakawa, Hitoshi Yoda
Previous studies have demonstrated that afternoon naps can have a negative effect on subsequent nighttime sleep in children. These studies have mainly been based on sleep questionnaires completed by parents. To investigate the effect of napping on such aspects of sleep quality, we performed a study in which child activity and sleep levels were recorded using actigraphy. The parents were asked to attach actigraphy units to their child's waist by an adjustable elastic belt and complete a sleep diary for 7 consecutive days...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jodi A Mindell, Erin S Leichman, Jordana Composto, Christina Lee, Bula Bhullar, Russel M Walters
The aim of this study was to investigate the development of infant and toddler sleep patterns. Data were collected on 841 children (aged from birth to 36 months) via a free, publicly available, commercially sponsored iPhone app. Analyses were conducted on caregiver recordings of 156 989 sleep sessions across a 19-month period. Detailed visualizations of the development of sleep across the first 3 years of life are presented. In the first 3 months, sleep sessions primarily lasted less than 3.5 h throughout the day...
June 2, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
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