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leiomyoma infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898339/dietary-phytochemicals-for-possible-preventive-and-therapeutic-option-of-uterine-fibroids-signaling-pathways-as-target
#1
REVIEW
Md Soriful Islam, James H Segars, Mario Castellucci, Pasquapina Ciarmela
A growing interest has emerged on dietary phytochemicals to control diverse pathological conditions. Unfortunately, dietary phytochemical research in uterine fibroids is still under construction. Uterine fibroids/leiomyomas are benign tumors developing from the myometrium of the uterus in premenopausal women. They may occur in more than 70% of women, and approximately 25% of women show clinically significant symptoms. These include heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pressure (urinary frequency, incontinence, and difficulty with urination), pelvic pain, pelvic mass, infertility, and reproductive dysfunction...
October 20, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862503/accuracy-of-saline-contrast-sonohysterography-in-detection-of-endometrial-polyps-and-submucosal-leiomyoma-in-women-at-reproductive-age-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Carolina Abdou Bittencourt, Ricardo Dos Santos Simões, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Luiz Fernando Portugal Fuchs, José Maria Soares Junior, Ayrton Roberto Pastore, Edmund Chada Baracat
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic accuracy of 2D and 3D saline contrast sonohysterography compared to hysteroscopy in the detection of endometrial polyps and submucosal myomas in women during reproductive age with abnormal uterine bleeding. METHOD: A systematic review of diagnostic studies that compared saline contrast sonohysterography with hysteroscopy was conducted according to the PRISMA and SEDATE recommendations. Only studies that compared two and/or three dimensional saline contrast sonohysterography with hysteroscopy and anatomopathology were included...
November 15, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843659/rare-case-of-leiomyoma-and-adenomyosis-in-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome
#3
P S Hoo, A R Norhaslinda, J N Shah Reza
We report a case of adenomyosis which developed from a hypoplastic uterus and leiomyoma in a patient with MRKH syndrome. A 45-year-old Malay female with primary amenorrhoea and primary infertility presented with abdominal mass and abdominal pain. She is phenotypically female, has well developed secondary sexual characteristics, and has normal female external genitalia with shallow vagina dimple. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed a homogenous adnexal mass of 10 × 8 cm, uterus sized 5 × 4 cm, and normal kidneys...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668110/complex-laparoscopic-myomectomy-with-severe-adhesions-performed-with-proper-preventive-measures-and-power-morcellation-provides-a-safe-choice-in-certain-infertility-cases
#4
Jaime Alfaro-Alfaro, María de Los Ángeles Flores-Manzur, Roberto Nevarez-Bernal, Rodrigo Ayala-Yáñez
Laparoscopic myomectomy offers a real benefit to infertile patients with uterine fibroids and peritoneal adhesions. The procedure requires a skilled surgeon and laparoscopy technique to minimize adhesion formation and other proven benefits. Restrictions arise since this procedure requires power morcellation for fibroid tissue extraction. Two years ago, the Food and Drug Administration in the United States of America (FDA) issued the alert on power morcellation for uterine leiomyomas, addressing the risk of malignant cell spreading within the abdominal cavity (actual risk assessment from 1 in 360 to 1 in 7400 cases)...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651652/efficacy-of-use-of-long-term-low-dose-mifepristone-for-the-treatment-of-fibroids
#5
Anupam Kapur, Ranjeeta Angomchanu, Madhusudan Dey
BACKGROUND: Fibroid or myoma is the commonest reported tumor of uterus, and is one of the important reasons for hysterectomy in our setting. Different drugs are available for medical management of fibroid uterus including mifepristone, a progesterone antagonist. Varying dosage regimen for mifepristone was studied as medical management of fibroid uterus. The aim of the project was to study the effect of mifepristone on the symptoms and size of fibroids, especially using a low-dose regimen for 6 months...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651639/clinicopathological-study-of-uterine-leiomyomas-a-multicentric-study-in-rural-population
#6
Maitri Raghavendra Kulkarni, Indranil Dutta, Dilip Kumar Dutta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Leiomyoma of uterus forms the most common type of benign tumor of uterus and also the most common pelvic tumor in women. The symptomatology continues to be variable. Surgery has for long been the main mode of therapy for the myomas. For women who wish to retain the uterus for future pregnancies or other reasons, myomectomy is preferred. Recent trend has been toward nonsurgical approaches like GnRH hormone analogs/agonists, RU 486, or selective uterine artery embolization, laparoscopic cryoablation, radiofrequency thermal ablation, and MRGUs...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647977/strong-association-between-endometriosis-and-symptomatic-leiomyomas
#7
Camran Nezhat, Anjie Li, Sozdar Abed, Erika Balassiano, Rose Soliemannjad, Azadeh Nezhat, Ceana H Nezhat, Farr Nezhat
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between leiomyoma and endometriosis is poorly understood. Both contribute to considerable pain and may cause subfertility or infertility in women. We conducted this retrospective study to assess the rate of coexistence of endometriosis in women with symptomatic leiomyoma. The primary outcome measured was the coexistence of histology-proven endometriosis in women with symptomatic leiomyoma. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of a data-based collection of medical records of 244 patients treated at a tertiary medical center, who were evaluated for symptomatic leiomyoma from March 2011 through December 2015...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599599/clinical-correlates-of-leiomyoma-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptors-among-nigerian-women
#8
Ibraheem O Awowole, Olufemiwa N Makinde, Olusegun O Badejoko, Ganiyat O Omoniyi-Esan, Aramide M Tijani, Kayode O Ajenifuja, Olabisi M Loto
OBJECTIVE: To compare the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα) and progesterone receptor (PR) in myometrium and leiomyomata tissue, and to correlate their expression with symptoms of uterine leiomyomata. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, intraoperative biopsy samples of leiomyomata and adjacent myometrial specimens were obtained from premenopausal women with uterine leiomyomata treated at a center in Nigeria between September 2013 and August 2014. Immunohistochemistry for ERα and PR expression was performed on the samples...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594886/ulipristal-acetate-in-myomectomy-optimization-in-an-infertile-patient-with-giant-myomas
#9
Elena de la Fuente, María Dolores Borrás, Miriam Rubio, Nuria Abril
The use of ulipristal acetate (UPA) has been recently introduced in the treatment of uterine leiomyomas. This drug has proven useful to control menometrorrhagia and to reduce myoma size. In the case presented here, we show the benefits of UPA treatment in facilitating surgical removal of giant myomas in an infertile patient. In addition to myoma reduction and a better control of preoperative bleeding, the treatment with UPA reduced the duration and complexity of the surgery, as well as the area of uterine wall involved and the resulting scar...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466209/uterine-fibroid-management-from-the-present-to-the-future
#10
REVIEW
Jacques Donnez, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Uterine fibroids (also known as leiomyomas or myomas) are the most common form of benign uterine tumors. Clinical presentations include abnormal bleeding, pelvic masses, pelvic pain, infertility, bulk symptoms and obstetric complications.Almost a third of women with leiomyomas will request treatment due to symptoms. Current management strategies mainly involve surgical interventions, but the choice of treatment is guided by patient's age and desire to preserve fertility or avoid 'radical' surgery such as hysterectomy...
November 2016: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403662/ovarian-down-regulation-by-gnrf-vaccination-decreases-reproductive-tract-tumour-size-in-female-white-and-greater-one-horned-rhinoceroses
#11
Robert Hermes, Franz Schwarzenberger, Frank Göritz, Serena Oh, Teresa Fernandes, Rui Bernardino, Antoine Leclerc, Eva Greunz, Abraham Mathew, Sarah Forsyth, Joseph Saragusty, Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt
Reproductive tract tumours, specifically leiomyoma, are commonly found in female rhinoceroses. Similar to humans, tumour growth in rhinoceroses is thought to be sex hormone dependent. Tumours can form and expand from the onset of ovarian activity at puberty until the cessation of sex-steroid influences at senescence. Extensive tumour growth results in infertility. The aim of this study was to down regulate reproductive function of tumour-diseased and infertile females to stop further tumour growth using a Gonadotropin releasing factor (GnRF) vaccine...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331342/safety-and-economical-innovations-regarding-surgical-treatment-of-fibroids
#12
Ibrahim Alkatout, Liselotte Mettler, Veronika Günther, Nicolai Maass, Christel Eckmann-Scholz, Mohamed Elessawy, Michael Anapolski
Uterine leiomyomas are the most frequent benign tumors of the female genital tract. Fibroids are associated with a variety of clinical problems, e.g. bleeding disorders, bulk-related symptoms or infertility. For women wishing to preserve their uterus, fibroids can be surgically removed by hysteroscopy, laparoscopy or laparotomy. The purpose of our review is to show that hysterectomy offers the only definitive solution. The indication for treatment has to be taken carefully after weighing up alternative treatment methods, such as expectant management, medical treatment or interventional radiologic methods, and after obtaining informed consent...
June 22, 2016: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105717/magnetic-resonance-imaging-structured-reporting-in-infertility
#13
REVIEW
Guillermina Montoliu-Fornas, Luis Martí-Bonmatí
Our objective was to define and propose a standardized magnetic resonance (MR) imaging structured report in patients with infertility to have clinical completeness on possible diagnosis and severity. Patients should be studied preferable on 3T equipment with a surface coil. Standard MR protocol should include high-resolution fast spin-echo T2-weighted, diffusion-weighted images and gradient-echo T1-weighted fat suppression images. The report should include ovaries (polycystic, endometrioma, tumor), oviduct (hydrosalpinx, hematosalpinx, pyosalpinx, peritubal anomalies), uterus (agenesia, hypoplasia, unicornuate, uterus didelphys, bicornuate, septate uterus), myometrium (leiomyomas, adenomyosis), endometrium (polyps, synechia, atrophy, neoplasia), cervix and vagina (isthmoceles, mucosal-parietal irregularity, stenosis, neoplasia), peritoneum (deep endometriosis), and urinary system-associated abnormalities...
June 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27057369/cystic-endometriosis-in-a-huge-degenerated-subserous-leiomyoma-mimicking-bilateral-multicystic-endometriomas-in-an-infertile-woman-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-a-rare-endometriotic-implantation
#14
Safak Hatirnaz, Sabri Colak, Abdulkadir Reis
Uterine leiomyomas are the most common pelvic tumor in women. Leiomyoma can show atypical locations and degenerations and may not be easily differentiated from adnexal masses. Uterine leiomyoma can undergo cystic degeneration and is said to be found in 4% of all types of degenerations. The commonest type of degeneration is hyaline seen in 60% of patients. Usually uterine leiomyoma does not present as clinical and radiological diagnostic challenge. However, when leiomyoma undergoes massive cystic degeneration they may become clinical and radiological diagnostic dilemmas...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27001060/angiogenesis-and-vascularization-of-uterine-leiomyoma-clinical-value-of-pseudocapsule-containing-peptides-and-neurotransmitters
#15
Andrea Tinelli, Ospan A Mynbaev, Radmila Sparic, Daniele Vergara, Silvia Di Tommaso, Michel Salzet, Michele Maffia, Antonio Malvasi
Fibroids or myomas involve large proportion of women of reproductive age. The myoma formation starts from the transformation of the myometrium, causing the progressive formation of a pseudocapsule, which is made of compressed muscle fibers. Numerous studies investigated on myoma pseudocapsule anatomy, discovering many neurotransmitters and neuropeptides, as a neurovascular bundle, influencing myometrial physiology. These substances have a positive impact on wound healing and muscular restoring, also playing a role in sexual and reproductive function...
March 22, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976991/postmyomectomic-uterine-rupture-despite-cesarean-section
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Kacperczyk, Paweł Bartnik, Ewa Romejko-Wolniewicz, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo
Uterine fibroids (leiomyomas) are benign smooth muscle tumors of the uterus. Fibroids can develop anywhere within the muscular wall. Leiomyomas may be associated with infertility. Laparoscopic myomectomy is often used to remove symptomatic intramural or subserosal fibroids. Advantages of the procedure include short recovery time and minimal perioperative morbidity. At the same time, the multilayer suture technique is more complicated during laparoscopy. A rare but serious complication of laparoscopic myomectomies is uterine rupture...
March 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922066/urological-complications-of-uterine-leiomyoma-a-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Gautam Dagur, Yiji Suh, Kelly Warren, Navjot Singh, John Fitzgerald, Sardar A Khan
INTRODUCTION: Uterine leiomyomas are common gynecologic tumor in reproductive-aged women, by age 50, diagnosis shared by urologist, gynecologists and radiologists. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to review the current literature, study the impact of leiomyoma on female lower urinary tract, examine the cause female sexual dysfunction and provide a comprehensive review of current diagnostic, imaging studies, and current treatment of leiomyoma. METHODS: Clinical leiomyoma studies published from 1956 through 2015 were identified using the PubMed search engines and the key words leiomyoma, fibroid in the current literature...
June 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824506/leiomyomas-and-infertility
#18
Charalampos Siristatidis, Dennis Vaidakis, Ioannis Rigos, George Chrelias, Nikolaos Papantoniou
Leiomyomas are the commonest benign tumor in the female reproductive tract. Even though their role on infertility is still questionable, evidence to date suggest that the anatomic location may be related to reproductive outcomes. Several possible mechanisms suggest that leiomyomas may affect fertility, especially in terms of the anatomical distortion of endometrial cavity, the abnormal uterine contractility, reduced blood supply to the endometrium and altered endometrial receptivity. The effect of leiomyomas on IVF outcomes has been the subject of many studies; however, a definitive direction is yet required to adjust clinical management accordingly...
June 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796059/role-of-medical-management-for-uterine-leiomyomas
#19
Banafsheh N Kashani, Gabriele Centini, Sara S Morelli, Gerson Weiss, Felice Petraglia
Uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids, are the most common benign tumor in reproductive aged women. Affected women may remain asymptomatic or may report symptoms related to abnormal uterine bleeding, infertility, or pelvic pain and pressure. Depending on a patient's symptomatology and reproductive plans, treatment options include expectant management, medical management (hormonal and non-hormonal), or surgical management (myomectomy or hysterectomy). In those wishing to defer surgical management, non-hormonal therapies such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and tranexamic acid have been shown to decrease menstrual blood loss...
July 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677821/uterine-sarcomas-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-presumed-leiomyomas-10-years-experience
#20
P G Paul, Varsha Rengaraj, Tanuka Das, Reena Garg, Manju Thomas, Aditya S Khurd
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To find the incidence of sarcomas in patients undergoing surgery for presumed leiomyomas. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Paul's Hospital, Centre for Advanced Laparoscopy and Infertility, Kochi, India. PATIENTS: All women who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), laparoscopic myomectomy (LM), and hysteroscopic myomectomy (HM) at Paul's Hospital for presumed leiomyomas from January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2014 that were then diagnosed as sarcomas on histopathologic examination...
March 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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