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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328346/efficacy-of-a-low-cost-heat-stable-oral-rotavirus-vaccine-in-niger
#1
Sheila Isanaka, Ousmane Guindo, Celine Langendorf, Amadou Matar Seck, Brian D Plikaytis, Nathan Sayinzoga-Makombe, Monica M McNeal, Nicole Meyer, Eric Adehossi, Ali Djibo, Bruno Jochum, Rebecca F Grais
Background Each year, rotavirus gastroenteritis is responsible for about 37% of deaths from diarrhea among children younger than 5 years of age worldwide, with a disproportionate effect in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Niger to evaluate the efficacy of a live, oral bovine rotavirus pentavalent vaccine (BRV-PV, Serum Institute of India) to prevent severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. Healthy infants received three doses of the vaccine or placebo at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320759/basic-occupational-health-services-bohs-in-community-primary-care-the-msf-dhaka-model
#2
Venkiteswaran Muralidhar, Md Faizul Ahasan, Ahad Mahmud Khan, Mohammad Shariful Alam
The Médecins Sans Frontiérs (MSF) established basic occupational health services to diagnose and treat work-related diseases among tannery, metal, plastics and garment workers and families in one of the more polluted areas of the world populated by 600 000 people. In spite of project limitations, an analysis of the 6-month data showed that of the original cohort of 5000, 3200 (64%) came for at least 1 consultation. Among them, 468 (14.6%) were diagnosed with suspected work-related diseases as per defined protocols...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300451/medicine-is-a-science-of-uncertainty-and-an-art-of-probability-la-m%C3%A3-decine-est-une-science-de-l-incertitude-et-un-art-de-la-probabilit%C3%A3
#3
Kirk Barber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300044/impact-of-operator-hearing-threshold-on-manual-blood-pressure-measurement
#4
Abubakar Danjuma Salisu, Aminu Bakari, Hamisu Abdullahi
INTRODUCTION: Une déficience auditive non détectée chez le personnel de santé pourrait affecter leur capacité à obtenir une pression artérielle (PA) précise avec des conséquences négatives sur les soins aux patients. Le but de cet article était de déterminer l'impact de l'audition de l'opérateur sur la mesure manuelle de la pression artérielle. Méthodologie: Une étude transversale portant sur 25 patients et 60 personnel de santé composé de 25 médecins (groupe 1), 25 infirmières (groupe 2) et 10 10 personnes qualifiées sélectionnées ayant une audition normale formé (groupe 3)...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284512/l-h%C3%A3-patite-b-et-la-grossesse
#5
Eliana Castillo, Kellie Murphy, Julie van Schalkwyk
OBJECTIF: Examiner l'épidémiologie, l'histoire naturelle, l'évaluation et le traitement de l'infection au virus de l'hépatite B (VHB) durant la grossesse. Cela aidera les fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux à conseiller leurs patientes quant aux risques périnataux et aux options de prise en charge offertes aux femmes enceintes atteintes de l'hépatite B. ISSUES: Les éléments évalués comprennent les seuils de traitement antiviral contre le VHB pour la prévention de la transmission périnatale et pour les interventions effractives durant la grossesse pour les femmes atteintes de l'hépatite B...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282377/before-the-bombing-high-burden-of-traumatic-injuries-in-kunduz-trauma-center-kunduz-afghanistan
#6
Hamayoun Hemat, Safieh Shah, Petros Isaakidis, Mrinalini Das, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Sattar Zaheer, Abdul Qayeum Qasemy, Mutallib Zakir, Gbane Mahama, Catherine Van Overloop, Lynette Dominguez
BACKGROUND: Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been providing healthcare in Afghanistan since 1981 including specialized health services for trauma patients in Kunduz Trauma Center (KTC) from 2011. On October 3rd, 2015, a US airstrike hit the KTC, killing 42 people including 14 MSF staff. This study aims to demonstrate the impact on healthcare provision, after hospital destruction, by assessing the extent of care provided for trauma and injuries by the MSF KTC and to report on treatment outcomes from January 2014 to June 2015, three months prior to the bombing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241928/n%C3%A2-341-diagnostic-et-prise-en-charge-de-la-torsion-annexielle-chez-les-filles-les-adolescentes-et-les-femmes-adultes
#7
Sari Kives, Suzy Gascon, Élise Dubuc, Nancy Van Eyk
OBJECTIF: Passer en revue les connaissances scientifiques actuelles et formuler des recommandations relatives au diagnostic et à la prise en charge de la torsion annexielle chez les filles, les adolescentes et les femmes adultes. ISSUES: L'étude porte sur les facteurs de risque, la précision diagnostique, les options de prise en charge et les issues de la torsion annexielle. RéSULTATS: Nous avons examiné les études publiées en faisant des recherches dans MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL et la Bibliothèque Cochrane à l'aide d'une terminologie contrôlée et de mots-clés appropriés (« adnexal torsion », « ovarian torsion »)...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225342/outcomes-from-the-first-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-programme-in-kenya
#8
H Huerga, M Bastard, M Kamene, S Wanjala, A Arnold, N Oucho, I Chikwanha, F Varaine
SETTING: In March 2006, the first multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment programme was implemented in Kenya. OBJECTIVE: To describe patients' treatment outcomes and adverse events. DESIGN: A retrospective case note review of patients started on MDR-TB treatment at two Médecins Sans Frontières-supported sites and the national referral hospital of Kenya was undertaken. Sites operated an ambulatory model of care. Patients were treated for a minimum of 24 months with at least 4-5 drugs for the intensive phase of treatment, including an injectable agent...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215187/experiences-of-ebola-survivors-causes-of-distress-and-sources-of-resilience
#9
Patricia M Schwerdtle, Veronique De Clerck, Virginia Plummer
Introduction An appreciation of the experience of Ebola survivors is critical for community engagement and an effective outbreak response. Few qualitative, descriptive studies have been conducted to date that concentrate on the voices of Ebola survivors. Problem This study aimed to explore the experiences of Ebola survivors following the West African epidemic of 2014. METHOD: An interpretive, qualitative design was selected using semi-structured interviews as the method of data collection...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209670/les-m%C3%A3-decins-de-famille-devraient-ils-prescrire-des-m%C3%A3-dicaments-contre-l-ob%C3%A3-sit%C3%A3-non
#10
Elizabeth Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159034/food-insecurity-and-health-status-in-deprived-populations-2014-a-multicentre-survey-in-seven-of-the-social-and-medical-healthcare-centres-casos-run-by-doctors-of-the-world-france
#11
S Laurence, E Durand, E Thomas, M Chappuis, J F Corty
OBJECTIVE: To document eating practices and socio-economic profiles of patients seen in the social and medical healthcare centres (CASOs in its French acronym) run by Doctors of the World (Médecins du Monde, MdM) in France and evaluate their nutritional and health status. STUDY DESIGN: The survey was carried out between April and May 2014 in seven CASOs in France. METHODS: All the patients attending MdM clinics were given a nutrition and health questionnaire...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129547/-life-is-so-easy-on-art-once-you-accept-it-acceptance-denial-and-linkage-to-hiv-care-in-shiselweni-swaziland
#12
Shona Horter, Zanele Thabede, Velibanti Dlamini, Sarah Bernays, Beverley Stringer, Sikhathele Mazibuko, Lenhle Dube, Barbara Rusch, Kiran Jobanputra
BACKGROUND: Timely uptake of antiretroviral therapy, adherence and retention in care for people living with HIV (PLHIV) can improve health outcomes and reduce transmission. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Swaziland Ministry of Health provide community-based HIV testing services (HTS) in Shiselweni, Swaziland, with high HTS coverage but sub-optimal linkage to HIV care. This qualitative study examined factors influencing linkage to HIV care for PLHIV diagnosed by community-based HTS...
January 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122533/offering-general-pediatric-care-during-the-hard-times-of-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-looking-back-at-how-many-came-and-how-well-they-fared-at-a-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-referral-hospital-in-rural-sierra-leone
#13
Veerle Hermans, Rony Zachariah, Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Gbessay Saffa, Dauda Kamara, Nimer Ortuno-Gutierrez, Walter Kizito, Marcel Manzi, Petra Alders, Jacob Maikere
BACKGROUND: In Bo district, rural Sierra Leone, we assessed the burden of the 2014 Ebola outbreak on under-five consultations at a primary health center and the quality of care for under-15 children at a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) referral hospital. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study, comparing a period before (May-October 2013) and during the same period of the Ebola outbreak (2014). Health worker infections occurred at the outbreak peak (October 2014), resulting in hospital closure due to fear of occupational-risk of contracting Ebola...
January 25, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120748/-m%C3%A3-decine-sciences-2017-the-french-touch-of-the-advances-in-biomedical-kowledge-in%C3%A2-french
#14
EDITORIAL
Jean-Luc Teillaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108218/chest-trauma-first-48hours-management
#15
Pierre Bouzat, Mathieu Raux, Jean Stéphane David, Karim Tazarourte, Michel Galinski, Thibault Desmettre, Delphine Garrigue, Laurent Ducros, Pierre Michelet
Chest Trauma remains an issue for health services for both severe and apparently mild trauma management. Severe chest trauma is associated with high mortality and is considered liable for 25% of mortality in multiple traumas. Moreover, mild trauma is also associated with significant morbidity especially in patients with preexisting conditions. Thus, whatever the severity, a fast-acting strategy must be organized. At this time there are no guidelines available from scientific societies. These expert recommendations aim to establish guidelines for chest trauma management in both pre hospital an in hospital settings, for the first 48hours...
January 17, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#16
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096063/formalized-expert-recommendations-chest-trauma-first-48hours-management
#17
Pierre Bouzat, Mathieu Raux, Jean Stéphane David, Karim Tazarourte, Michel Galinski, Thibault Desmettre, Delphine Garrigue, Laurent Ducros, Pierre Michelet
Chest Trauma remains an issue for health services for both severe and apparently mild trauma management. Severe chest trauma is associated with high mortality and is considered liable for 25% of mortality in multiple traumas. Moreover, mild trauma is also associated with significant morbidity especially in patients with preexisting conditions. Thus, whatever the severity, a fast-acting strategy must be organized. At this time there are no guidelines available from scientific societies. These expert recommendations aim to establish guidelines for chest trauma management in both pre hospital an in hospital settings, for the first 48hours...
January 13, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066878/safety-and-effectiveness-of-sodium-stibogluconate-and-paromomycin-combination-for-the-treatment-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-eastern-africa-results-from-a-pharmacovigilance-programme
#18
Robert Kimutai, Ahmed M Musa, Simon Njoroge, Raymond Omollo, Fabiana Alves, Asrat Hailu, Eltahir A G Khalil, Ermias Diro, Peninah Soipei, Brima Musa, Khalid Salman, Koert Ritmeijer, Francois Chappuis, Juma Rashid, Rezika Mohammed, Asfaw Jameneh, Eyasu Makonnen, Joseph Olobo, Lawrence Okello, Patrick Sagaki, Nathalie Strub, Sally Ellis, Jorge Alvar, Manica Balasegaram, Emilie Alirol, Monique Wasunna
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, WHO recommended a new first-line treatment for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Eastern Africa. The new treatment, a combination of intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) sodium stibogluconate (SSG) and IM paromomycin (PM) was an improvement over SSG monotherapy, the previous first-line VL treatment in the region. To monitor the new treatment's safety and effectiveness in routine clinical practice a pharmacovigilance (PV) programme was developed. METHODS: A prospective PV cohort was developed...
March 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063572/suppl%C3%A3-mentation-pr%C3%A3-conceptionnelle-en-acide-folique-multivitamines-pour-la-pr%C3%A3-vention-primaire-et-secondaire-des-anomalies-du-tube-neural-et-d-autres-anomalies-cong%C3%A3-nitales-sensibles-%C3%A3-l-acide-folique
#19
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIF: Offrir des renseignements à jour sur l'utilisation pré et postconceptionnelle d'acide folique par voie orale, avec ou sans supplément de multivitamines / micronutriments, aux fins de la prévention des anomalies du tube neural et d'autres anomalies congénitales. Ces renseignements aideront les médecins, les sages-femmes, les infirmières et les autres professionnels de la santé à contribuer aux efforts de sensibilisation des femmes quant à l'utilisation et aux posologies adéquates de la supplémentation en acide folique / multivitamines, avant et pendant la grossesse...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063537/facteurs-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-tiques-%C3%A3-prendre-en-consid%C3%A3-ration-dans-le-cadre-de-l-examen-gyn%C3%A3-cologique-annuel
#20
R Douglas Wilson, Sylvie Langlois
OBJECTIF: Offrir aux médecins un survol des troubles génétiques courants qui devraient être pris en considération dans le cadre de l'examen gynécologique annuel d'une patiente, et ce, afin de déterminer le risque que court celle-ci ou d'en venir à procéder à des examens particuliers ou à orienter la patiente vers un autre service de sous-spécialité, en fonction de ses antécédents personnels ou familiaux. OPTIONS: Ces renseignements d'ordre génétique peuvent être utilisés aux fins de la sensibilisation des patientes et du dépistage ou du diagnostic de possibles maladies et/ou mutations...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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