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acquired coronary fistula

Salah A M Said, Massimo A Mariani
AIM: To delineate the features and current therapeutic option of congenital and acquired aortocameral fistulas (ACF) secondary to iatrogenic or infectious disorders. METHODS: From a PubMed search using the term "aortocameral fistula", 30 suitable papers for the current review were retrieved. Reviews, case series and case reports published in English were considered. Abstracts and reports from scientific meetings were not included. A total of 38 reviewed subjects were collected and analyzed...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
A Dehaene, A Jacquier, C Falque, G Gorincour, J Y Gaubert
Acquired coronary diseases include aneurysms, fistulae, dissections, and stenosis. Aneurysms may occur secondarily to Kawasaki disease, a childhood vasculitis, the prognosis of which depends on the coronary involvement, or they may be degenerative, infectious, inflammatory, or traumatic in origin. Fistulae develop between the coronary arterial system and a pulmonary or bronchial artery, or cardiac cavity. Dissections may occur spontaneously or may be post-traumatic. These coronary abnormalities may be found incidentally or may present as complications, infarction or rupture...
May 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Yu-Pin Chang, Si-Wa Chan, Jyh-Wen Chai, Jeon-Ho Chen, Yun-Ching Fu, Jian-Ling Chen, Yen-Ting Lin, Ming-Chih Chen, Clayton Chi-Chang Chen
In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether patients with left to right shunt coronary artery fistula (LRSCAF) are predisposed to developing pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction compared with healthy individuals. The value of cardiac CT findings in determining the necessity of intervention for these patients was investigated. We retrospectively studied 19 patients with LRSCAF and 19 healthy patients. Several parameters were observed on cardiac CT by two radiologists, including pulmonary trunk diameter (PA diameter), right ventricular diameter (RVD), left ventricular diameter (LVD), RVD/LVD ratio, septal bowing and CT score of right ventricular dysfunction (CSRVD)...
June 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Davide Marini, Gaetana Ferraro, Gabriella Agnoletti
We report two cases in which congenital and acquired fistulae (CAFs) have been successfully closed by using the Amplatzer Ductal Occluder (ADO) II AS in children. Because of the flexibility, small profile and short length of ADO II AS, this device proved to be an excellent option in case of tortuous and short CAFs with coronary branches next to the fistulous orifice. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
November 3, 2015: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Nikolaos E Androulakis, Nikolaos Tzenakis, Eleni Nioti, Paraskevi Spatharaki, Rodanthi Vyzoukaki, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Maria Kokonozaki, Michael G Alexandrakis
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Factor V Leiden heterozygosity occurs in 3-8% of the general European and US populations. Activated protein C resistance (APC-R)--a non-molecular laboratory test--can efficiently demonstrate the presence of this mutation and can be performed on most coagulation analyzers. On the other hand, fistula or graft thrombosis is a common and costly complication in hemodialysis patients. Our aim was to establish the value of APC-R determination in hemodialysis patients by assessing the risk of access thrombosis in patients with increased APC-R...
2015: Nephron
Madassery Sujatha, Puthuvassery Raman Suneel, Radhakrishnan K Bineesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Hassan Zamani, Mahmoud Meragi, Mohamad Yousef Arabi Moghadam, Behzad Alizadeh, Kazem Babazadeh, Farzad Mokhtari-Esbuie
BACKGROUND: Coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVFs) are direct connections from one or more coronary arteries to cardiac chambers or a large vessel. They are mostly of congenital origin. The aim of this study was to describe clinical presentation and also delineate the course and management of CAVF. METHODS: Clinical data, chest x-rays, echocardiographic and angiographic evaluation of 40 patients with congenital CAVF during 1990 to 2008 were reviewed retrospectively...
2015: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Mao-Hung Lo, I-Chun Lin, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Chien-Fu Huang, Shao-Ju Chien, Hsuan-Chang Kuo, Chi-Di Liang, Ying-Jui Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To investigate mid- to long-term outcomes in children with coronary artery fistula (CAF). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients seen between September 1996 and August 2011. We enrolled those diagnosed with CAF via echocardiography (Philips SONOS 7500 system and Philips IE33) or angiography. The mean follow time was 42.58 ± 3.4 months (range, 1-166 months). For comparative purposes, participants were grouped as acquired versus congenital, and symptomatic versus asymptomatic...
July 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
S A M Said, A G Hensens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2006: Netherlands Heart Journal
Demet Menekse Gerede, Aynur Acibuca, Caglar Uzun, Huseyin Goksuluk, Aydan Ongun, Mustafa Kilickap, Cetin Erol
Coronary artery fistulas (CAF) are a rare cardiac anomaly that can be either congenital or acquired. CAFs have clinical significance because of complications such as dyspnea on exertion, congestive heart failure, and cardiac tamponade. The literature also contains case reports of CAF presenting as bacterial endocarditis. We describe a 31-year-old man who presented with native valve infective endocarditis related to an unusual form of a CAF between the circumflex coronary artery and left ventricle. He also had giant coronary arteries, which were imaged with computed tomography angiography and transesophageal echocardiography...
April 2015: Echocardiography
Sjoerd Reinders, Kjell Bogaard, Constant L A Reichert, Remco J J Knol
Coronary artery fistulae are rare congenital or acquired connections between the coronary vessels and the cardiac chambers or other vascular structures. We report a case of a woman with mitral valve endocarditis and multiple pulmonary septic emboli. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed a tortuous coronary fistula as the pathway for the septic emboli. The fistula, which originated from the right coronary artery to the right atrium, was visualized using different imaging modalities.
November 2014: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Imthiaz Manoly, Vaikom S Mahadevan, J Andreas Hoschtitzky
Coronary-cameral fistula is an abnormal fistulous communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber. Significant fistulae require closure either percutaneously or surgically to avoid any complications. We describe the case of a 19-year-old male patient with tetralogy of Fallot, who presented with a complex coronary-cameral fistula, which precluded percutaneous occlusion. By means of a hybrid approach, the fistula was easily located and closed surgically. Where surgical correction of such fistulae is warranted in the setting of other cardiac defects, a hybrid approach to isolate the fistula followed by surgical intervention will reduce operative time, thereby potentially lowering perioperative complications...
September 2014: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Chad A Tuchek, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) is an acquired abnormal arterial-to-venous connection within the spinal dura with a wide range of clinical presentations and natural history. Spinal dAVF occurs when a radicular artery makes a direct anomalous shunt with a radicular vein within the dura of the nerve root sleeve. Spinal dAVFs are the most common vascular malformation of the spine. The authors present a patient who presented with sudden temporary lower extremity weakness secondary to an L-1 spinal dAVF...
September 2014: Neurosurgical Focus
Mohammed M Khadir, Apeksha Chaturvedi, Mike S Nguyen, John C Wandtke, Susan Hobbs, Abhishek Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arteries are not just affected by thrombus. Congenital and acquired conditions can also involve the pulmonary arteries. An awareness of these conditions is important for the radiologist interpreting chest computed tomography (CT). METHODS: The anatomy of the pulmonary arteries was reviewed. CT and magnetic resonance (MR) acquisition protocols for imaging the pulmonary arteries were discussed. The imaging appearances of congenital and acquired anomalies involving the pulmonary arteries, using CT and other modalities, were presented...
August 2014: Insights Into Imaging
Dimitris Challoumas, Agamemnon Pericleous, Inetzi A Dimitrakaki, Christos Danelatos, Georgios Dimitrakakis
Coronary arteriovenous fistulae are a coronary anomaly, presenting in 0.002% of the general population. Their etiology can be congenital or acquired. We present a review of recent literature related to their epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, and therapeutic management.
March 2014: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Murat Sener, Mehmet Akkaya, Muammer Bilici
Coronary artery fistulae are characterized by communications between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or another vascular structure. They are usually congenital, but acquired forms may occur. Most patients are usually asymptomatic. However, some studies have emphasized that the incidence of symptoms and complications increases with age, particularly after the age of 20 (Liberthson et al. 1979, Hong et al. 2004). We aimed to present a very rare form of fistula originating from the first diagonal artery and connecting into the left ventricle...
2013: Case Reports in Cardiology
Mi Hyoung Moon, Joon Kyu Kang, Hyun Song
A 62-year-old woman with Takayasu arteritis and 2 prior aortic valve replacements, was admitted with unstable angina. Computed tomographic angiography showed a newly developed right coronary artery-to-right bronchial artery fistula. Because of dense aortic calcification, catheter embolization was undertaken, which was successful. We believe the acquired coronary artery fistula developed after her uneventful second aortic valve surgery, due to inevitable trauma to the mediastinum and ascending aorta, and partly due to her underlying Takayasu arteritis...
May 2014: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Salah Am Said, Rikke Hm Schiphorst, Richard Derksen, Lodewijk J Wagenaar
Acquired coronary artery fistulas (CCFs) are infrequently detected during conventional coronary angiography. To delineate the characteristics of congenital (first part) and acquired (second part) CCFs in adults, a PubMed search was conducted for papers dealing with congenital or acquired CCFs. None of the publications describing patients with coronary-vascular fistulas were included. Papers dealing with pediatric subjects were excluded. From the world literature, a total of 243 adult patients were selected who had congenital (n = 159/243, 65%) and acquired (n = 84/243, 35%) CCFs...
December 26, 2013: World Journal of Cardiology
Ana Faustino, Luis V Paiva, Paula Mota, Rui Catarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: BMJ Case Reports
Manoj Kumar Rohit, Alok Kumar Sinha, Naveen Krishna Kamana
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter closure of various congenital and acquired vascular malformations with Amplatzer Vascular plugs I and II has been established. Here we present our experience with device closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 2006 and August 2012, nine (three males and six females) patients aged between 11 months and 62 years (mean age 19 years) underwent percutaneous device closure with AVP I and II vascular plugs for congenital and acquired arteriovenous malformation and cardiac diverticulum are presented here...
September 2013: Indian Heart Journal
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