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transcription factor 7-like 2

Haiyan Gao, Mei Yang, Xiaolan Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate potential recurrence-risk biomarkers based on significant pathways for Luminal A breast cancer through gene expression profile analysis. Initially, the gene expression profiles of Luminal A breast cancer patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using a Limma package and the hierarchical clustering analysis was conducted for the DEGs. In addition, the functional pathways were screened using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses and rank ratio calculation...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Meysam Nasiri, Mohammad-Hossein Karimi, Negar Azarpira, Iraj Saadat
OBJECTIVES: Toll-like receptors and downstream signal transduction pathways play pivotal roles in induction of inflammation, which is crucial for liver injury and regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a mouse model of partial hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury followed by a 28-day time course for liver repair and regeneration, we assessed gene expression levels for Toll-like receptors, myeloid differentiation primary response 88, TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β, nuclear factor κB, interferon regulatory factors, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukins 1β and 6 at days 1, 4, 7, 14, and 28 after reperfusion in liver and blood cells by quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
March 9, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Tzenge-Lien Shih, Ming-Hwa Liu, Chia-Wai Li, Chia-Feng Kuo
A series of B-ring, halo-substituted chalcones and azachalcones were synthesized to evaluate and compare their anti-inflammatory activity. Mouse BALB/c macrophage RAW 264.7 were pre-treated with 10 μg/mL of each compound for one hour before induction of inflammation by lipopolysaccharide (1 μg/mL) for 6 h. Some halo-chalcones and -azachalcones suppressed expression of pro-inflammatory factors toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), IκB-α, transcription factor p65, interleukine 1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)...
March 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Christine Brütting, Harini Narasimhan, Frank Hoffmann, Malte E Kornhuber, Martin S Staege, Alexander Emmer
Human endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) have been found to be associated with different diseases, e.g., multiple sclerosis (MS). Most human ERVs integrated in our genome are not competent to replicate and these sequences are presumably silent. However, transcription of human ERVs can be reactivated, e.g., by hypoxia. Interestingly, MS has been linked to hypoxia since decades. As some patterns of demyelination are similar to white matter ischemia, hypoxic damage is discussed. Therefore, we are interested in the association between hypoxia and ERVs...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Weiyue Ding, Li Xu, Lejun Zhang, Zhijie Han, Qinghua Jiang, Zhe Wang, Shuilin Jin
BACKGROUND: Large scale association studies have found a significant association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) polymorphism rs7903146. However, the quality of data varies greatly, as the studies report inconsistent results in different populations. Hence, we perform this meta-analysis to give a more convincing result. METHODS: The articles, published from January 1st, 2000 to April 1st, 2017, were identified by searching in PubMed and Google Scholar...
March 7, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
Michael Tessler, David Marancik, Donald Champagne, Alistair Dove, Alvin Camus, Mark E Siddall, Sebastian Kvist
Leeches (Annelida: Hirudinea) possess powerful salivary anticoagulants and, accordingly, are frequently employed in modern, authoritative medicine. Members of the almost exclusively marine family Piscicolidae account for 20% of leech species diversity, and feed on host groups (e.g., sharks) not encountered by their freshwater and terrestrial counterparts. Moreover, some species of Ozobranchidae feed on endangered marine turtles and have been implicated as potential vectors for the tumor-associated turtle herpesvirus...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Parasitology
Anniina Jääskeläinen, Ylermi Soini, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Päivi Auvinen, Kirsi-Maria Haapasaari, Peeter Karihtala
BACKGROUND: The subtype of claudin-low breast cancer can be reliably determined only by gene-expression profiling. Attempts have been made to develop immunohistochemical surrogates, which nearly always focus on membranous claudin expression. METHODS: We assessed the immunohistochemical expression of both membranous and cytoplasmic claudins 3, 4 and 7 in a series of 197 non-metastatic breast cancers, enriched with triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs; 60%). The expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-regulating transcription factors Sip1, Zeb1 and vimentin had previously been determined in the same material...
February 27, 2018: BMC Cancer
Nicole M Templeman, Shijing Luo, Rachel Kaletsky, Cheng Shi, Jasmine Ashraf, William Keyes, Coleen T Murphy
A decline in female reproduction is one of the earliest hallmarks of aging in many animals, including invertebrates and mammals [1-4]. The insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 signaling (IIS) pathway has a conserved role in regulating longevity [5] and also controls reproductive aging [2, 6]. Although IIS transcriptional targets that regulate somatic aging have been characterized [7, 8], it was not known whether the same mechanisms influence reproductive aging. We previously showed that Caenorhabditis elegans daf-2 IIS receptor mutants extend reproductive span by maintaining oocyte quality with age [6], but IIS targets in oocytes had not been identified...
February 22, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Felipe Leite de Oliveira, Sofia Nascimento Dos Santos, Lauremilia Ricon, Thayse Pinheiro da Costa, Jonathas Xavier Pereira, Camila Brand, Marise Lopes Fermino, Roger Chammas, Emerson Soares Bernardes, Márcia Cury El-Cheikh
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a β-galactoside binding protein that controls cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. In lymphoid organs, gal-3 inhibits B cell differentiation by mechanisms poorly understood. The B cell development is dependent on tissue organization and stromal cell signaling, including IL-7 and Notch pathways. Here, we investigate possible mechanisms that gal-3 interferes during B lymphocyte differentiation in the bone marrow (BM) and spleen. The BM of gal-3-deficient mice (Lgals3-/- mice) was evidenced by elevated numbers of B220+ CD19+ c-Kit+ IL-7R+ progenitor B cells...
February 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rose Chesworth, Leonora E Long, Cynthia Shannon Weickert, Tim Karl
The use of cannabis is a well-established component risk factor for schizophrenia, particularly in adolescent individuals with genetic predisposition for the disorder. Alterations to the endocannabinoid system have been found in the prefrontal cortex of patients with schizophrenia. Thus, we assessed whether molecular alterations exist in the endocannabinoid signalling pathway during brain development in a mouse model for the schizophrenia risk gene neuregulin 1 ( Nrg1 ). We analysed transcripts encoding key molecules of the endocannabinoid system in heterozygous transmembrane domain Nrg1 mutant mice ( Nrg1 TM HET), which is known to have increased sensitivity to cannabis exposure...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Huihui Wang, Jiayu Zhu, Zhiyuan Liu, Hang Lv, Peng Lv, Feng Chen, Jingqi Fu, Yongyong Hou, Rui Zhao, Yuanyuan Xu, Qiang Zhang, Jingbo Pi
Macrophages are a major component of the immune system and play an important role in regulating the magnitude, duration, and quality of the inflammatory response. Dissecting the functions of transcription factors regulating macrophage activation is important for understanding the inflammatory responses. Nuclear factor erythroid 2 like 1 (NFE2L1, also known as Nrf1) is a CNC-bZIP protein, which has multiple isoforms. While the exact physiological functions of various isoforms of NFE2L1 are still under investigation, accumulating evidence indicate that long isoforms of NFE2L1 (NFE2L1(L)) are important regulators in the antioxidant response, proteasome homeostasis and inflammation...
February 2, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Jibo Zhang, Vincent R Roggero, Lizabeth A Allison
The thyroid hormone receptors, TRα1 and TRβ1, are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily that forms one of the most abundant classes of transcription factors in multicellular organisms. Although primarily localized to the nucleus, TRα1 and TRβ1 shuttle rapidly between the nucleus and cytoplasm. The fine balance between nuclear import and export of TRs has emerged as a critical control point for modulating thyroid hormone-responsive gene expression. Mutagenesis studies have defined two nuclear localization signal (NLS) motifs that direct nuclear import of TRα1: NLS-1 in the hinge domain and NLS-2 in the N-terminal A/B domain...
2018: Vitamins and Hormones
Yongxu Yang, Qi Qi, Yi Wang, Yaru Shi, Weili Yang, Yunzhu Cen, Endong Zhu, Xiaoxia Li, Di Chen, Baoli Wang
Emerging evidence suggests that cysteine-rich protein 61 (CYR61) plays a role in the differentiation and development of chondrocytes, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts; however, little is known about its role in adipogenesis. The current study indicates that the expression level of Cyr61 was altered in primary cultured marrow stromal cells and the established mesenchymal cell line, C3H10T1/2, after adipogenic treatment. Overexpressing Cyr61 repressed C3H10T1/2 and primary marrow stromal cells to differentiate into mature adipocytes...
January 18, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Rikke Hjortebjerg, Darlene E Berryman, Ross Comisford, Edward O List, Claus Oxvig, Mette Bjerre, Jan Frystyk, John J Kopchick
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) stimulates insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I action through proteolytic cleavage of IGF binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4). Recently, stanniocalcin-2 (STC2) was discovered as an inhibitor of PAPP-A. Most members of the IGF system are expressed in adipose tissue (AT), but there is a relative paucity of information on the distribution of IGFBP-4, PAPP-A, and STC2 in different AT depots. Since IGF-I expression in AT is highly GH-dependent, we used bovine GH transgenic (bGH) and GH receptor knockout (GHR-/-) mice to investigate AT depot-specific expression patterns of IGFBP-4, PAPP-A, and STC2, and whether the regulation is GH-dependent...
February 2, 2018: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
Yongqiang Li, Shuxin Shen, Shoukun Ding, Lixia Wang
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease, which is triggered by lipid retention. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a novel target for therapeutic intervention in atherosclerosis. In addition, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) serves important roles in stress response and inflammation. The present study investigated whether TLR2 is involved in the activation of cholesterol efflux in macrophages by regulating the NF-κB pathway. The human monocytic THP-1 cell line and murine macrophage RAW264.7 cell line were treated with 50 µg/ml oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) for 48 h in order to obtain macrophage foam cells...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Li Xia, Liu Li-Feng, Liu Yang-Zhou, Pan Yu-Tao, Li Guang, Lu Qing-You, Yuan Wen, Li Zeng-Chun
BACKGROUND: Even though epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 is known to be overexpressed in osteosarcoma and is associated with poor clinical outcome, few reports are available regarding its mechanism. AIMS: The objective of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of downregulating epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 expression in a human osteosarcoma cell line on the biological function of cocultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. STUDY DESIGN: Cell study...
January 24, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
Aidan Dineen, Erin Osborne Nishimura, Barbara Goszczynski, Joel H Rothman, James D McGhee
The two GATA transcription factors ELT-2 and ELT-7 function in the differentiation of the C. elegans intestine. ELT-2 loss causes lethality. ELT-7 loss causes no obvious phenotype but enhances the elt-2(-) intestinal phenotype. Thus, ELT-2 and ELT-7 appear partially redundant, with ELT-2 being more influential. To investigate the different regulatory roles of ELT-2 and ELT-7, we compared the transcriptional profiles of pure populations of wild-type, elt-2(-), elt-7(-), and elt-7(-); elt-2(-) double mutant L1-stage larvae...
January 20, 2018: Developmental Biology
Masatoshi Ohnishi, Tomoka Urasaki, Kyohei Egusa, Chihiro Kunobu, Tomoki Harada, Reika Shinkado, Hitomi Nishi, Shoji Maehara, Chinami Kitamura, Toshiyuki Hata, Kazuyoshi Ohashi, Hirotaka Shibuya, Atsuko Inoue
To elucidate the anti-inflammatory mechanism of Curcuma sp., we investigated whether dehydrocurdione, a sesquiterpene contained in Curcuma sp., induces heme oxygenase (HO)-1, an antioxidative enzyme, in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Dehydrocurdione was extracted from the rhizome of Curcuma sp., and its purity was verified by high performance liquid chromatography. Treatment with 10-100 μM dehydrocurdione transiently and concentration-dependently increased HO-1 mRNA and protein levels. Docking simulation suggested the presence of the Michael reaction between dehydrocurdione and Kelch-like ECH-associated protein (Keap)1 keeping nuclear factor-erythroid2-related-factor (Nrf)2, a transcription factor, in the cytoplasm...
January 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Zhengqi Zha, Su-Yan Wang, Weihua Chu, Yang Lv, Hongjin Kan, Qiuli Chen, Lili Zhong, Long Yue, Jinna Xiao, Ying Wang, Hongping Yin
A water-soluble polysaccharide LMP-1 was isolated and purified by ion-exchange chromatography from maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.). LMP-1 has a molecular weight of 1.01 × 104 Da, and is composed of glucose and arabinose with a molar ratio of 7.03:1.08. Methylation and the 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy of LMP-1 revealed that it is mainly composed of →4)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →6)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →3)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, and β-D-Araf-(1→, with branching at O-6 of →4,6)-α-D-Glcp-(1 → . LMP-1 showed up-regulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2)...
January 17, 2018: Phytochemistry
Mazène Hochane, Denis Raison, Catherine Coquard, Claire Béraud, Sabrina Danilin, Audrey Bethry, Thierry Massfelder, Mariette Barthelmebs
Proliferative glomerulonephritis is characterized by local inflammation and mesangial cell deterioration, followed by mesangial proliferation and glomerular healing. Parathyroid-hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) is a mesangial cytokine-like growth factor implicated in mesangial proliferation and survival. No data are available about its role in glomerulonephritis. Herein, we analyzed the expression and role of PTHrP in glomerular inflammation and healing in an experimental model of glomerulonephritis induced by intravenous injection of Habu-snake venom in mice...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
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