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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538794/gender-differences-and-psychotropic-polypharmacy-in-psychiatric-patients-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-pessoas-project
#1
Juliana de Oliveira Costa, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Ana Paula Souto Melo, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
We aimed to estimate the prevalence and correlates of psychotropic polypharmacy in Brazilian psychiatric patients by gender. Sociodemographic, behavioral and clinical data were obtained through face-to-face interviews and medical charts of 2,475 patients. Psychotropic polypharmacy was defined as the use of two or more psychotropic drugs and occurred in 85.7% of men (95%CI: 83.6%-87.6%) and 84.9% of women (95%CI: 82.8%-86.8%; p > 0.05). The mean number of psychotropic drugs/patient was 2.98 ± 1.23 and most common combinations included antipsychotics...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538791/inconsistent-reports-of-risk-behavior-among-brazilian-middle-school-students-national-school-based-survey-of-adolescent-health-pense-2009-2012
#2
Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Rafael Tavares Jomar, Paulo Nadanovsky
This study assessed the consistency of self-reports of risk behavior (overall and within four specific domains: alcohol use, tobacco use, drug use, and sexual activity) in two editions of the Brazilian National School Based Survey of Adolescent Health (PeNSE): 2009 and 2012. The overall proportion of cases with at least one inconsistent response in the two editions was 11.7% (2.7% on the alcohol items, 2.1% for drug use, 4.3% for cigarette use, 3% for sexual activity) and 22.7% (12.8% on alcohol items, 2.5% for drug use, 4...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538259/cardiometabolic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-patterns-in-us-youth
#3
Gabrielle P Jenkins, Kelly R Evenson, Amy H Herring, Derek Hales, June Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Daily or weekly averages of physical activity and sedentary behavior could mask patterns of behavior throughout the week that independently impact cardiovascular health. We examined associations between day-to-day physical activity and sedentary behavior latent classes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in US youth. METHODS: Data were from 3,984 youth ages 6-17y from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2006) and from previously published accelerometry latent classes characterizing average counts/minute and percent of wear time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior...
May 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#4
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537772/health-related-behaviors-moderate-the-association-between-age-and-self-reported-health-literacy-among-taiwanese-women
#5
Tuyen-Van Duong, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, I-Feng Lin, Ying-Chin Lin, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Peter Wushou Chang
The role of health-related behaviors in the association between age and health literacy has not been well-elucidated. The present cross-sectional study evaluated the interactions between age and health-related behaviors in a 942 women in Taiwan between February and October 2013. Women aged 18-78 years were randomly sampled and recruited from the national administrative system. Self-reported health literacy was measured by the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) in Mandarin, asking about socio-demographics and essential health-related behaviors (watching health-related television, community involvement)...
May 24, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537757/schizophrenia-in-the-news-the-role-of-news-frames-in-shaping-online-reader-dialogue-about-mental-illness
#6
Anna Rae Gwarjanski, Scott Parrott
A quantitative content analysis examined the portrayal of schizophrenia in eight of the most read online news publications in the United States. The analysis documented the prevalence of stigma frames, which communicate stereotypes concerning schizophrenia, and stigma-challenge frames, which contradict stereotypes, in 558 articles related to schizophrenia. The study also examined the relationship between media framing and reader commentary, including the likelihood of readers posting stigmatizing comments, stigma-challenging comments, and comments in which they disclosed personal experience with mental illness...
May 24, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535583/molecular-testing-of-brain-tumor
#7
REVIEW
Sung-Hye Park, Jaekyung Won, Seong-Ik Kim, Yujin Lee, Chul-Kee Park, Seung-Ki Kim, Seung-Hong Choi
The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors was revised in 2016 with a basis on the integrated diagnosis of molecular genetics. We herein provide the guidelines for using molecular genetic tests in routine pathological practice for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. While astrocytomas and IDH-mutant (secondary) glioblastomas are characterized by the mutational status of IDH, TP53 , and ATRX , oligodendrogliomas have a 1p/19q codeletion and mutations in IDH, CIC , FUBP1 , and the promoter region of telomerase reverse transcriptase ( TERTp )...
May 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535485/quantification-of-residual-antibiotics-in-cow-manure-being-spread-over-agricultural-land-and-assessment-of-their-behavioral-effects-on-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria
#8
Ji-Ran Yeom, Soon-Uk Yoon, Chang-Gyun Kim
Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) in livestock manure used as fertilizer and spread over agriculture land, may pose a threat to the health of humans. Considering this, the concentrations of tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC), and sulfathiazole (STZ) in the surface soil were quantified using LC-MS. These antibiotics have been used in livestock and are found in fertilizer produced from livestock excretions. Species of ABR were identified using 16S rDNA. Soil samples were collected at depths of 0, 7, and 15 cm from farmland in Incheon (South Korea)...
May 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535319/linking-the-heart-and-the-head-humanism-and-professionalism-in-medical-education-and-practice
#9
Lynda Montgomery, Sana Loue, Kurt C Stange
This paper articulates a practical interpretive framework for understanding humanism in medicine through the lens of how it is taught and learned. Beginning with a search for key tensions and relevant insights in the literature on humanism in health professions education, we synthesized a conceptual model designed to foster reflection and action to realize humanistic principles in medical education and practice. The resulting model centers on the interaction between the heart and the head. The heart represents the emotive domains of empathy, compassion, and connectedness...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535316/residents-confidence-providing-primary-care-with-behavioral-health-integration
#10
Patrick Hemming, Amber Hewitt, Joseph J Gallo, Rodger Kessler, R B Levine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) entails integrated behavioral health clinicians (IBHCs) providing care-generally for mental health and substance abuse disorders and behavioral comorbidity- within the operational functioning of primary care. Because limited data exist regarding BHI in residency, we studied its impact on resident education by examining whether increased behavioral health (BH) co-management improved residents' perceived ability to treat BH conditions...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535171/cumulative-lactation-and-onset-of-hypertension-in-african-american-women
#11
Ellen M Chetwynd, Alison M Stuebe, Lynn Rosenberg, Melissa Troester, Diane Rowley, Julie R Palmer
Hypertension affects nearly one of three women and contributes to cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in the United States. Breastfeeding leads to metabolic changes that could reduce risks of hypertension. Hypertension disproportionately affects black women, but rates of breastfeeding lag behind the general population. In the Black Women's Health Study (N = 59,001), we conducted a nested case control analysis using unconditional logistic regression to estimate the association between breastfeeding and incident hypertension at ages 40-65 using data collected from 1995 to 2011...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#12
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534434/effects-of-a-statewide-tobacco-cessation-program-among-individuals-involved-with-arkansas-community-correction
#13
Christine Garver-Apgar, Susan Young, Brenda Howard, Ben Udochi, Chad Morris
In response to a critical need for tobacco cessation services among justice-involved populations, Arkansas Community Correction (ACC) partnered with the University of Colorado's Behavioral Health & Wellness Program in 2013 to implement the DIMENSIONS: Tobacco Free Program within all probation, parole, and drug court units. In the first 2 years of this statewide, evidence-based program, more than 1,100 individuals from 33 ACC area office locations attended tobacco-free group sessions and provided data on tobacco use and readiness to quit...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534316/relationship-between-air-quality-and-outdoor-exercise-behavior-in-china-a-novel-mobile-based-study
#14
Liang Hu, Li Zhu, Yaping Xu, Jiaying Lyu, Kellie Imm, Lin Yang
PURPOSE: Based on data collected from an exercise app, the study aims to provide empirical evidence on the relationship between air quality and patterns of outdoor exercise in China. METHODS: Objective outdoor exercise data spanning 160 days were collected from 153 users of an exercise app, Tulipsport in China. Each exercise mode (running, biking, and walking, respectively) was organized into five air quality categories based on Air Quality Index (AQI): excellent, good, mild pollution, moderate pollution, and serious pollution...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#15
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534124/parental-misperception-of-child-s-weight-and-related-factors-within-family-norms
#16
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Chutima Jalayondeja
PURPOSE: Parental perception of their child's weight may be a crucial factor in parental ability for action with regard to their child's weight problem. This aim of this study was to investigate parental perception of their child's weight status and dietary healthiness, amount of food consumed and physical activity level and its related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among children (Grades 4-6) selected by cluster sampling in two schools...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534061/educational-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-across-us-states-and-european-countries
#17
Patrick Präg, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: The US shows a distinct health disadvantage when compared to other high-income nations. A potential lever to reduce this disadvantage is to improve the health situation of lower socioeconomic groups. Our objective is to explore how the considerable within-US variation in health inequalities compares to the health inequalities across other Western countries. METHODS: Representative survey data from 44 European countries and the US federal states were obtained from the fourth wave of the European Values Study (EVS) and the 2008 wave of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534023/sexting-prevalence-predictors-and-associated-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-postsecondary-school-young-people-in-ibadan-nigeria
#18
Oluwatoyin Olatunde, Folusho Balogun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sending and receiving sexually suggestive or explicit images or texts (sexting) have been shown to be associated with health risk behaviors but literature about this phenomenon is scarce in Nigeria. This study looked at the prevalence, predictors, and associated sexual risk behaviors of sexting among postsecondary school young persons in Ibadan, Nigeria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were obtained for sociodemographic characteristics and sexual orientation, sexting behavior, personality assessment (using the International Personality Item Pool Big-Five factor markers), indicators for problematic phone use (using Mobile Phone Problem Use Scale), and sexual behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534022/mental-health-problems-in-parents-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#19
REVIEW
Gerasimos A Kolaitis, Maya G Meentken, Elisabeth M W J Utens
This review will provide a concise description of mental health problems in parents of children with a (non-syndromic) congenital heart disease (CHD) during different stressful periods. Predictors of these problems and also implications for clinical practice will be mentioned. Having a child with CHD can be very stressful for parents, who have to face overwhelming emotions and also extra physical, financial, and other practical challenges. Parental distress has been reported in 30-80% of parents and appears not to be related to severity of CHD...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534004/integrating-health-and-transportation-in-nashville-tennessee-usa-from-policy-to-projects
#20
Leslie A Meehan, Geoffrey P Whitfield
The Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) is among the first MPOs in the United States to recognize the interplay of transportation and public health, particularly regarding physical activity, air pollution, and traffic crashes. The Nashville MPO has taken a multifaceted approach to simultaneously improve the transportation system, quality of life, and health status of the region's population. The purpose of this paper is to describe the multiple programs and projects that the MPO has undertaken to this end, so that other cities might learn from Nashville's example...
March 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
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