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Hanyang Zhang, Zhifei Li, Wei Xu, Yicong Chen, Xiulei Ji, Michael M Lerner
There has been a major effort recently to develop new rechargeable sodium-ion electrodes. In lithium ion batteries, LiC6 forms from graphite and de-solvated Li cations during the first charge. With sodium ions, graphite only shows a significant capacity when Na+ intercalates as a solvated complex, resulting in ternary graphite intercalation compounds (GICs). Although this chemistry has been shown to be highly reversible and to support high rates in small test cells, these GICs can require >250% volume expansion and contraction during cycling...
May 22, 2018: Nanotechnology
Ming Zhang, Wentao Wang, Yingjun Cui, Ninglin Zhou, Jian Shen
Background: Recently, combined photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) has become a desired treatment for cancer. However, the development of economic, high-efficiency, and safe photosensitizers/photothermal agents remains a significant challenge. Methods: A novel nanocomposite has been developed via the assembly of iron oxide carbon dot (Fe3 O4 -CDs) nanoparticles and black phosphorus quantum dots (genipin [GP]-polyglutamic acid [PGA]-Fe3 O4 -CDs@BPQDs), and this nanocomposite shows a broad light-absorption band and a photodegradable character...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Reza Akramipour, Mohammad Reza Golpayegani, Simin Gheini, Nazir Fattahi
In this research, a new vortex assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the freezing of deep eutectic solvent (VADLLME-FDES) has been developed for the determination of organic mercury (R-Hg) and inorganic mercury (Hg2+ ) in blood samples prior to their analysis by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS). In this method, a green solvent consisting of 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride and 1-undecanol was used as an extraction solvent, yielding the advantages of material stability, low density, and a suitable freezing point near room temperature...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Weihua Shi, Xiaojin Luo, Yue Cui
Developing a simple and direct approach for sensitive, specific, and rapid detection of metabolic compounds is of great importance for a variety of biological, medical, and food applications. Tubes are a highly portable and accessible container shape which are widely used for scientific research in cell biology and chemical synthesis, and which are also of great use in domestic health care applications. Here, we show for the first time the development of a tube-based painted amperometric biosensor for the detection of glucose and lactate...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
Falan Li, Yemin Guo, Xiangyou Wang, Xia Sun
A dual-target electrochemical aptasensor was developed for the simultaneous detection of multiple antibiotics based on metal ions as signal tracers and nanocomposites as signal amplification strategy. Metal ions such as Cd2+ and Pb2+ could generate distinct differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) peaks. When targets were present, kanamycin (KAN) and streptomycin (STR) as models, the KAN aptamer (KAP) and STR aptamer (STP) were released from their complementary strands, with more change of Cd2+ and Pb2+ corresponding to peak currents...
April 13, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Zhongzhou Cheng, Tofik Ahmed Shifa, Fengmei Wang, Yi Gao, Peng He, Kai Zhang, Chao Jiang, Quanlin Liu, Jun He
2D layered transition metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (MPX3 ) possess higher in-plane stiffness and lower cleavage energies than graphite. This allows them to be exfoliated down to the atomic thickness. However, a rational exfoliation route has to be sought to achieve surface-active and uniform individual layers. Herein, monolayered FePS3 quantum sheets (QSs) are systematically obtained, whose diameters range from 4-8 nm, through exfoliation of the bulk in hydrazine solution. These QSs exhibit a widened bandgap of 2...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Yijun Liu, Benjamin W Noffke, Xinfeng Gao, Yaroslav Lozovyj, Yi Cui, Yongzhu Fu, Krishnan Raghavachari, Allen R Siedle, Liang-Shi Li
Graphite monofluoride (GF) can undergo reductive defluorination in the presence of weak, non-nucleophilic reductants. This leads to a new approach to GF-polyaniline composites as cathode materials for significantly improving the discharge capacity of primary lithium batteries. We postulate that the reduction is mediated by residual π-bonds in GF.
May 21, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Raiko Hahn, Fabian Bohle, Stefan Kotte, Tristan J Keller, Stefan-S Jester, Andreas Hansen, Stefan Grimme, Birgit Esser
Donor-acceptor-type interactions between π-electron systems are of high relevance in the design of chemical sensors. Due to their electron-rich nature, cyclic trinuclear complexes (CTCs) of gold(i) are ideal receptor sites for electron-deficient aromatic analytes. Scanning tunneling microscopy provided insight into the structures of two-dimensional crystals of pyridinate gold CTCs that form on a graphite template at the solid/liquid interface. One polymorph thereof - in turn - templated the on-top co-adsorption of π-acidic pyrazolate CTCs as electron-poor guests up to a certain threshold...
April 14, 2018: Chemical Science
Osvalds Verners, Alexey V Lyulin, Angelo Simone
This reactive molecular dynamics study explores the salt concentration dependence of the viscoelastic and mechanical failure properties of a poly(propylene glycol)/LiPF6 -based solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) at a graphitic carbon electrode interface. To account for the finite-size effect of interface-confined SPE films, the properties of two distinct film thicknesses are compared with the respective bulk properties. Additionally, the effect of uniaxial compression in the interface-normal direction on free energy profiles of Li-ion SPE-desolvation is studied...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Polymer Science. Part B, Polymer Physics
Karteek Kadimisetty, Spundana Malla, Ketki Bhalerao, Islam M Mosa, Snehasis Bhakta, Norman Lee, James F Rusling
We report here the fabrication and validation of a novel 3D printed, automated immunoarray to detect multiple proteins with ultralow detection limits. This low cost, miniature immunoarray employs electrochemiluminescent (ECL) detection measured with a CCD camera and employs touch screen control of a micropump to facilitate automated use. The miniaturized array features prefilled reservoirs to deliver sample and reagents to a paper-thin pyrolytic graphite microwell detection chip to complete sandwich immunoassays...
May 21, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Gang Xiao, Peifeng Li, Yilin Zhao, Shengnan Xu, Haijia Su
Green and efficient procedures are highly required for the chemoselective hydrogenation of functionalized nitroarenes to industrially important anilines. Here, we show that visible-light-driven, chemoselective hydrogenation of functionalized nitroarenes bearing the sensitive groups to anilines can be achieved in good to excellent yields (82-100%) in water under relatively mild conditions, catalyzed by low-cost and recyclable graphitic carbon nitride. It is also applicable in gram-scale reaction with 86% yield of aniline...
May 20, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
R Saravanakumar, K Ramachandran, Lintu G Laly, P V Ananthapadmanabhan, S Yugeswaran
Aluminium dross, a waste generated from aluminium melting process, contains aluminium metal, aluminium oxide, aluminium oxy-nitride and impurities such as sodium chloride and potassium chloride. Since aluminium dross is land filled without treatment, it is hazardous to the environment. Conventional methods for the metal recovery from the recycling of aluminium dross involve chemicals and are time consuming. In this study, an attempt was made to treat aluminium dross using plasma arc melting process. The aluminium dross was melted and evaporated by the plasma arc established between a crucible anode and a rod type hollow cathode made of graphite...
May 16, 2018: Waste Management
Lian Yu, Long Wang, Weicheng Xu, Limin Chen, Mingli Fu, Junliang Wu, Daiqi Ye
A modified Hummer's method was adopted for the synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO). It was revealed that the modified method is effective for the production of GO and rGO from graphite. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of GO and rGO showed a sheet-like morphology. Because of the presence of oxygenated functional groups on the carbon surface, the interlayer spacing of the prepared GO was higher than that of rGO. The presence of OH and CO groups in the Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) spectrum and G-mode and 2D-mode in Raman spectra confirmed the synthesis of GO and rGO...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Congbin Xu, Wenjie Yang, Weijiang Liu, Hongliang Sun, Chunlei Jiao, Ai-Jun Lin
Zero-valent iron (ZVI) was loaded on expanded graphite (EG) to produce a composite material (EG-ZVI) for efficient removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). EG and EG-ZVI were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. EG-ZVI had a high specific surface area and contained sub-micron sized particles of zero-valent iron. Batch experiments were employed to evaluate the Cr(VI) removal performance...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Maria de Fátima Alves, Ricardo Augusto Moreira de Souza Corrêa, Filipe Soares da Cruz, Diego Leoni Franco, Lucas Franco Ferreira
This paper reports the electrosynthesis and characterisation of a polymeric film derived from 2-hydroxybenzamide over a graphite electrode and its application as an enzymatic biosensor for the determination and quantification of the pesticide fenitrothion. The material was analysed by scanning electron microscopy and its electrochemical properties characterised by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The enzyme tyrosinase was immobilised over the modified electrode by the drop and dry technique...
May 16, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Dong Zhang, Meizhu Chen, Quantao Liu, Jiuming Wan, Jinxuan Hu
Using phase change materials (PCMs) in building envelopes became a reliable method to improve indoor comfort and reduce buildings' energy consumption. This research developed molecular-bridged expanded graphite (EG)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) composite PCMs (m-EPs) to conserve energy in buildings. The m-EPs were prepared through a vacuum absorption technique, and a titanate coupling agent was used to build a molecular bridge between EG and PEG. SEM, mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP), the leakage test, microcalorimetry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were conducted to characterize the morphology, pore structure, absorbability, and modifying effects of the m-EPs...
May 16, 2018: Materials
Helge Lux, Matthias Edling, Peter Siemroth, Sigurd Schrader
In this paper, we present an innovative and ultra-fast process for the deposition of high-quality graphene on different metal foils and thin metal films. The graphene layer can be homogeneously deposited in only 30 s process time. Due to the weak adhesion to the substrate material, the monolayer graphene is easy to transfer using the established processes. For the production, we use magnetic filtered high-current arc evaporation (Φ-HCA) with a solid, graphitic carbon source. This ultra-fast growth process can pave the way towards a cost-effective graphene synthesis for the mass production e...
May 16, 2018: Materials
Ivan Kelnar, Alexander Zhigunov, Ludmila Kaprálková, Ivan Fortelný, Jiří Dybal, Jaroslav Kratochvíl, Martina Nevoralová, Marcela Hricová, Viera Khunová
Addition of high-aspect-ratio (AR) nanofillers can markedly influence flow behavior of polymer systems. As a result, application of graphite nanoplatelets (GNP) allows preparation of microfibrillar composites (MFC) based on PCL matrix reinforced with in-situ generated PLA fibrils. This work deals, for the first time, with preparation of analogous melt-drawn fibers. Unlike other blend-based fibers, the spinning and melt drawing leads to structure of deformed inclusions due to unfavorable ratio of rheological parameters of components...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Yuechao Yao, Peng Liu, Xiaoyan Li, Shaozhong Zeng, Tongbin Lan, Haitao Huang, Xierong Zeng, Jizhao Zou
Herein, N-doped graphitic hierarchically porous carbon nanofibers (NGHPCF) were prepared by electrospinning the composite of bimetallic-coordination metal-organic frameworks and polyacrylonitrile, followed by a pyrolysis and acid wash process. Control over the N content, specific surface area, and degree of graphitization of NGHPCF materials has been realized by adjusting the Co/Zn metal coordination content as well as the pyrolysis temperature. The obtained NGHPCF with a high specific surface area (623 m2 g-1) and nitrogen content (13...
May 17, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Zijie Wang, Sahila Perananthan, Samitha D Panangala, John P Ferraris, Kenneth J Balkus
Wrinkled mesoporous silica (WMS) has been shown to be a promising material for catalysis and drug delivery. The WMS possesses a unique wrinkled structure with conical shaped pores radiating from the center to the surface of each particle. Lanthanum oxide was supported on wrinkled mesoporous silica as a hard template for the synthesis of graphitic carbon. The resulting carbon material retains the unique wrinkled structure and has high surface area (∼879 m2/g) as well as graphitic walls which were observed by transmission electron microscopy...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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