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Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Uzochukwu C Ugochukwu, Alfred Ochonogor, Chika M Jidere, Chizoba Agu, Frida Nkoloagu, John Ewoh, Virginia U Okwu-Delunzu
In this study, the human and livestock (cattle) health risks of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a wetland of Obuaku, Abia State Nigeria contaminated by hydrocarbon spill due to incidents of hydrocarbon theft and pipeline vandalization were assessed. Gas chromatography-flame ionization detector and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were employed in analyzing the TPH and PAHs respectively. The contaminated soil was delineated into sub-locations AOC-1, AOC-2, AOC-3, AOC-4, AOC-5 and AOC-6 to reflect the discrete patches (areas) of the contaminated site and for effective planning of remedial actions...
March 13, 2018: Environment International
Davy Guillarme, Vincent Desfontaine, Sabine Heinisch, Jean-Luc Veuthey
Mass spectrometry (MS) is considered today as one of the most popular detection methods, due to its high selectivity and sensitivity. In particular, this detector has become the gold standard for the analysis of complex mixtures such as biological samples. The first successful SFC-MS hyphenation was reported in the 80's, and since then, several ionization sources, mass analyzers and interfacing technologies have been combined. Due to the specific physicochemical properties and compressibility of the SFC mobile phase, directing the column effluent into the ionization source is more challenging than in LC...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
L J Cornelissen, J Liu, B J van Wees, R A Duine
Efficient manipulation of magnon spin transport is crucial for developing magnon-based spintronic devices. In this Letter, we provide proof of principle of a method for modulating the diffusive transport of thermal magnons in an yttrium iron garnet channel between injector and detector contacts. The magnon spin conductance of the channel is altered by increasing or decreasing the magnon chemical potential via spin Hall injection of magnons by a third modulator electrode. We obtain a modulation efficiency of 1...
March 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Hsuan-Ming Huang, Chih-Chieh Liu, Meei-Ling Jan, Ming-Wei Lee
The Compton camera is an imaging device which has been proposed to detect prompt gammas (PGs) produced by proton-nuclear interactions within tissue during proton beam irradiation. Compton-based PG imaging has been developed to verify proton range because PG rays, particularly characteristic ones, have strong correlations with the distribution of the proton dose. However, accurate image reconstruction from characteristic PGs is challenging because the detector efficiency and resolution are generally low. Our previous study showed that point spread functions can be incorporated into the reconstruction process to improve image resolution...
March 16, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Roberta Assante, Alberto Cuocolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Dezső Ribli, Anna Horváth, Zsuzsa Unger, Péter Pollner, István Csabai
In the last two decades, Computer Aided Detection (CAD) systems were developed to help radiologists analyse screening mammograms, however benefits of current CAD technologies appear to be contradictory, therefore they should be improved to be ultimately considered useful. Since 2012, deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been a tremendous success in image recognition, reaching human performance. These methods have greatly surpassed the traditional approaches, which are similar to currently used CAD solutions...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nan Zhang, Lei Zhang, Linyin Feng, Lei Yao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cananga odorata essential oil, known as ylang-ylang essential oil (YYO), was commonly used in the aromatherapy for relaxation and mood adjusting use. In our previous study, YYO played anxiolytic effects on the mice in several behavioral tests that based on the instinctive responses to novel environments. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of YYO reversing the anxiety induced by 5-HT2C receptor agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl) piperazine (m-CPP)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mahesh Raj Nepal, Rajina Shakya, Mi Jeong Kang, Tae Cheon Jeong
Among many of the validated methods for testing skin sensitization, direct peptide reactivity assay (DPRA) employs no cells or animals. Although no immune cells are involved in this assay, it reliably predicts the skin sensitization potential of a chemical in chemico. Herein, a new method was developed using endogenous small-molecular-weight compounds, cysteamine and glutathione, rather than synthetic peptides, to differentiate skin sensitizers from non-sensitizers with an accuracy as high as DPRA. The percent depletion of cysteamine and glutathione by test chemicals was measured by an HPLC equipped with a PDA detector...
March 12, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Melissa L Kirkwood, Gary M Arbique, Jeffrey B Guild, Katie Zeng, Yin Xi, John Rectenwald, Jon A Anderson, Carlos Timaran
OBJECTIVE: Radiation to the interventionalist's brain during fluoroscopically guided interventions (FGIs) may increase the incidence of cerebral neoplasms. Lead equivalent surgical caps claim to reduce radiation brain doses by 50% to 95%. We sought to determine the efficacy of the RADPAD (Worldwide Innovations & Technologies, Lenexa, Kan) No Brainer surgical cap (0.06 mm lead equivalent at 90 kVp) in reducing radiation dose to the surgeon's and trainee's head during FGIs and to a phantom to determine relative brain dose reductions...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Kyung Kate Hyun, Kyungsoo Jeong, Andre Tok, Stephen G Ritchie
Trucks have distinct driving characteristics in general traffic streams such as lower speeds and limitations in acceleration and deceleration. As a consequence, vehicles keep longer headways or frequently change lane when they follow a truck, which is expected to increase crash risk. This study introduces several traffic measures at the individual vehicle level to capture vehicle interactions between trucks and non-trucks and analyzed how the measures affect crash risk under different traffic conditions. The traffic measures were developed using headways obtained from Inductive Loop Detectors (ILDs)...
March 12, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
A A Gordeev, A B Chetverin
Cell screening or, in other words, identification of cells with certain properties is now increasingly used in scientific and medical research, e.g., in diagnostics, drug testing, and production of cell clones with desired characteristics. In this review, we discuss existing methods of cell screening and their classification according to the cell presentation format. We describe the principles of the one-dimensional and two-dimensional formats and compare the main advantages and drawbacks of these formats. The first part describes the methods based on the 2D-format of cell presentation, when cells are immobilized in the same plane by various techniques...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Ioannis A Tsalafoutas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether electronic collimation software, which is available in all digital X-ray systems, may comprise an overexposure risk. METHODS: In the context of surveys on Diagnostic Reference Levels carried out in two radiographic facilities, along with data on exposure factors, the radiographic field sizes were also recorded. In one facility (Unit A), a wireless flat panel detector is used with a conventional X-ray unit, while in the other, a fully digital system is installed (Unit B)...
March 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Clizia Guccione, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Khaled M Awada, Vieri Piazzini, Anna Rita Bilia
The aim of this study was the development and characterization of lipid nanocarriers using food grade components for oral delivery of Serenoa repens CO2 extract, namely microemulsions (MEs) and self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDSs) to improve the oral absorption. A commercial blend (CB) containing 320 of S. repens CO2 extract plus the aqueous soluble extracts of nettle root and pineapple stem was formulated in two MEs and two SMEDDSs. The optimized ME loaded with the CB (CBM2) had a very low content of water (only 17...
March 15, 2018: Planta Medica
Nils Große Hokamp, Alexandra Hellerbach, Andreas Gierich, David W Jordan, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, David Maintz, Stefan Haneder
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of artifacts from deep brain stimulation electrodes (DBS) using an iterative metal artifact reduction algorithm (O-MAR), virtual monoenergetic images (VMI), and both in combination in postoperative spectral detector computed tomography using a dual-layer detector (spectral detector computed tomography [SDCT]) of the head. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nonanthropomorphic phantoms with different DBS leads were examined on SDCT; in 1 phantom periprocedural bleeding was simulated...
March 14, 2018: Investigative Radiology
Scott W Paine, James R Fienup
For large amounts of wavefront error, gradient-based optimization methods for image-based wavefront sensing are unlikely to converge when the starting guess for the wavefront differs greatly from the true wavefront. We use machine learning operating on a point-spread function to determine a good initial estimate of the wavefront. We show that our trained convolutional neural network provides good initial estimates in the presence of simulated detector noise and is more effective than using many random starting guesses for large amounts of wavefront error...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Haolan Zhao, Stéphane Clemmen, Ali Raza, Roel Baets
We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of stimulated Raman spectroscopy enhanced by a nanophotonic integrated circuit. The Raman response of low-concentration dimethyl sulfoxide is evanescently probed via centimeter-long wire waveguides. A signal enhancement of close to five orders of magnitude, as compared to the case of on-chip spontaneous Raman scattering, is demonstrated. This significant enhancement factor allows for the use of continuous-wave lasers with milliwatt-level power and uncooled detectors and, therefore, sets the basis of future all-on-a-chip Raman spectrometers suitable for both gas and liquid detection...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Rai Kou, Taiki Hatakeyama, Jason Horng, Ji-Hun Kang, Yuan Wang, Xiang Zhang, Feng Wang
Mid-infrared light provides numerous unexpected opportunities in scientific discoveries because this wavelength region covers the fingerprints of various molecular vibrational resonances. However, the light generation efficiency and bandwidth have been a long-standing bottleneck which has limited the development so far. Moreover, the light source that can be integrated with other components such as wavelength filters, detectors, and electronics, will be the key factor toward the future practical applications...
March 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Hao Huang, Xiaohui Ren, Zhongjun Li, Huide Wang, Zongyu Huang, Hui Qiao, Pinghua Tang, Jinlai Zhao, Weiyuan Liang, Yanqi Ge, Jie Liu, Jianqing Li, Xiang Qi, Han Zhang
Two dimensional (2D) Bi nano-sheets had been employed to fabricate electrodes for broadband photo-detection. A series of characterization techniques including SEM and HRTEM verify that Bi nanosheets with intact lamellar structure have been obtained after facile liquid phase exfoliation. In the meanwhile, UV-Vis and Raman spectra are also carried out and confirm the inherent optical and physical properties of Bi nanosheets. Inherited from the topological characteristics of Bi bulk counterpart, the resultant Bi nanosheet-based photo-detector exhibits preferable photo-response activity as well as environmental robustness...
March 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, F Ambrogi, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, J Grossmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, N Krammer, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Madlener, I Mikulec, E Pree, N Rad, H Rohringer, J Schieck, R Schöfbeck, M Spanring, D Spitzbart, W Waltenberger, J Wittmann, C-E Wulz, M Zarucki, V Chekhovsky, V Mossolov, J Suarez Gonzalez, E A De Wolf, D Di Croce, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, I De Bruyn, J De Clercq, K Deroover, G Flouris, D Lontkovskyi, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, Q Python, K Skovpen, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, D Beghin, H Brun, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, B Dorney, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, E Starling, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, D Vannerom, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, M Gul, I Khvastunov, D Poyraz, C Roskas, S Salva, M Tytgat, W Verbeke, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, C Caputo, A Caudron, P David, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, B Francois, A Giammanco, M Komm, G Krintiras, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, A Saggio, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, J Zobec, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, M Correa Martins Junior, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, E Coelho, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, M Melo De Almeida, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, L J Sanchez Rosas, A Santoro, A Sznajder, M Thiel, E J Tonelli Manganote, F Torres Da Silva De Araujo, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Misheva, M Rodozov, M Shopova, G Sultanov, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, X Gao, L Yuan, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, C H Jiang, D Leggat, H Liao, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, E Yazgan, H Zhang, S Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, B Courbon, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, T Sculac, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, B Mesic, A Starodumov, T Susa, M W Ather, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger, E Carrera Jarrin, A A Abdelalim, Y Mohammed, E Salama, R K Dewanjee, M Kadastik, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, H Kirschenmann, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Havukainen, J K Heikkilä, T Järvinen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T Lampén, K Lassila-Perini, S Laurila, S Lehti, T Lindén, P Luukka, H Siikonen, E Tuominen, J Tuominiemi, J Talvitie, T Tuuva, M Besancon, F Couderc, M Dejardin, D Denegri, J L Faure, F Ferri, S Ganjour, S Ghosh, A Givernaud, P Gras, G Hamel de Monchenault, P Jarry, I Kucher, C Leloup, E Locci, M Machet, J Malcles, G Negro, J Rander, A Rosowsky, M Ö Sahin, M Titov, A Abdulsalam, C Amendola, I Antropov, S Baffioni, F Beaudette, P Busson, L Cadamuro, C Charlot, R Granier de Cassagnac, M Jo, S Lisniak, A Lobanov, J Martin Blanco, M Nguyen, C Ochando, G Ortona, P Paganini, P Pigard, R Salerno, J B Sauvan, Y Sirois, A G Stahl Leiton, T Strebler, Y Yilmaz, A Zabi, A Zghiche, J-L Agram, J Andrea, D Bloch, J-M Brom, M Buttignol, E C Chabert, N Chanon, C Collard, E Conte, X Coubez, J-C Fontaine, D Gelé, U Goerlach, M Jansová, A-C Le Bihan, N Tonon, P Van Hove, S Gadrat, S Beauceron, C Bernet, G Boudoul, R Chierici, D Contardo, P Depasse, H El Mamouni, J Fay, L Finco, S Gascon, M Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, S Viret, A Khvedelidze, I Bagaturia, C Autermann, L Feld, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, M Preuten, C Schomakers, J Schulz, V Zhukov, A Albert, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, D Teyssier, S Thüer, G Flügge, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, T Müller, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, T Arndt, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A Bermúdez Martínez, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, V Botta, A Campbell, P Connor, C Contreras-Campana, F Costanza, C Diez Pardos, G Eckerlin, D Eckstein, T Eichhorn, E Eren, E Gallo, J Garay Garcia, A Geiser, A Gizhko, J M Grados Luyando, A Grohsjean, P Gunnellini, M Guthoff, A Harb, J Hauk, M Hempel, H Jung, A Kalogeropoulos, M Kasemann, J Keaveney, C Kleinwort, I Korol, D Krücker, W Lange, A Lelek, T Lenz, J Leonard, K Lipka, W Lohmann, R Mankel, I-A Melzer-Pellmann, A B Meyer, G Mittag, J Mnich, A Mussgiller, E Ntomari, D Pitzl, A Raspereza, M Savitskyi, P Saxena, R Shevchenko, S Spannagel, N Stefaniuk, G P Van Onsem, R Walsh, Y Wen, K Wichmann, C Wissing, O Zenaiev, R Aggleton, S Bein, V Blobel, M Centis Vignali, T Dreyer, E Garutti, D Gonzalez, J Haller, A Hinzmann, M Hoffmann, A Karavdina, R Klanner, R Kogler, N Kovalchuk, S Kurz, T Lapsien, I Marchesini, D Marconi, M Meyer, M Niedziela, D Nowatschin, F Pantaleo, T Peiffer, A Perieanu, C Scharf, P Schleper, A Schmidt, S Schumann, J Schwandt, J Sonneveld, H Stadie, G Steinbrück, F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, M Akbiyik, C Barth, M Baselga, S Baur, E Butz, R Caspart, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, N Faltermann, B Freund, R Friese, M Giffels, M A Harrendorf, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, F Kassel, S Kudella, H Mildner, M U Mozer, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, G Karathanasis, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, K Kousouris, I Evangelou, C Foudas, P Kokkas, S Mallios, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, J Strologas, F A Triantis, M Csanad, N Filipovic, G Pasztor, O Surányi, G I Veres, G Bencze, C Hajdu, D Horvath, Á Hunyadi, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Choudhury, J R Komaragiri, S Bahinipati, S Bhowmik, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, N Dhingra, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, S Kaur, R Kumar, P Kumari, A Mehta, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, Aashaq Shah, A Bhardwaj, S Chauhan, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, A Kumar, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, K Ranjan, R Sharma, R Bhardwaj, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, U Bhawandeep, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhattacharya, S Chatterjee, P Das, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, S Pandey, A Rane, S Sharma, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S M Etesami, M Khakzad, M Mohammadi Najafabadi, M Naseri, S Paktinat Mehdiabadi, F Rezaei Hosseinabadi, B Safarzadeh, M Zeinali, M Felcini, M Grunewald, M Abbrescia, C Calabria, A Colaleo, D Creanza, L Cristella, N De Filippis, M De Palma, F Errico, L Fiore, G Iaselli, S Lezki, G Maggi, M Maggi, G Miniello, S My, S Nuzzo, A Pompili, G Pugliese, R Radogna, A Ranieri, G Selvaggi, A Sharma, L Silvestris, R Venditti, P Verwilligen, G Abbiendi, C Battilana, D Bonacorsi, L Borgonovi, S Braibant-Giacomelli, R Campanini, P Capiluppi, A Castro, F R Cavallo, S S Chhibra, G Codispoti, M Cuffiani, G M Dallavalle, F Fabbri, A Fanfani, D Fasanella, P Giacomelli, C Grandi, L Guiducci, S Marcellini, G Masetti, A Montanari, F L Navarria, A Perrotta, A M Rossi, T Rovelli, G P Siroli, N Tosi, S Albergo, S Costa, A Di Mattia, F Giordano, R Potenza, A Tricomi, C Tuve, G Barbagli, K Chatterjee, V Ciulli, C Civinini, R D'Alessandro, E Focardi, P Lenzi, M Meschini, S Paoletti, L Russo, G Sguazzoni, D Strom, L Viliani, L Benussi, S Bianco, F Fabbri, D Piccolo, F Primavera, V Calvelli, F Ferro, E Robutti, S Tosi, A Benaglia, A Beschi, L Brianza, F Brivio, V Ciriolo, M E Dinardo, S Fiorendi, S Gennai, A Ghezzi, P Govoni, M Malberti, S Malvezzi, R A Manzoni, D Menasce, L Moroni, M Paganoni, K Pauwels, D Pedrini, S Pigazzini, S Ragazzi, N Redaelli, T Tabarelli de Fatis, S Buontempo, N Cavallo, S Di Guida, F Fabozzi, F Fienga, A O M Iorio, W A Khan, L Lista, S Meola, P Paolucci, C Sciacca, F Thyssen, P Azzi, N Bacchetta, L Benato, D Bisello, A Boletti, R Carlin, A Carvalho Antunes De Oliveira, P Checchia, P De Castro Manzano, T Dorigo, U Dosselli, F Gasparini, U Gasparini, A Gozzelino, S Lacaprara, M Margoni, A T Meneguzzo, N Pozzobon, P Ronchese, R Rossin, F Simonetto, E Torassa, M Zanetti, P Zotto, G Zumerle, A Braghieri, A Magnani, P Montagna, S P Ratti, V Re, M Ressegotti, C Riccardi, P Salvini, I Vai, P Vitulo, L Alunni Solestizi, M Biasini, G M Bilei, C Cecchi, D Ciangottini, L Fanò, P Lariccia, R Leonardi, E Manoni, G Mantovani, V Mariani, M Menichelli, A Rossi, A Santocchia, D Spiga, K Androsov, P Azzurri, G Bagliesi, T Boccali, L Borrello, R Castaldi, M A Ciocci, R Dell'Orso, G Fedi, L Giannini, A Giassi, M T Grippo, F Ligabue, T Lomtadze, E Manca, G Mandorli, L Martini, A Messineo, F Palla, A Rizzi, A Savoy-Navarro, P Spagnolo, R Tenchini, G Tonelli, A Venturi, P G Verdini, L Barone, F Cavallari, M Cipriani, N Daci, D Del Re, E Di Marco, M Diemoz, S Gelli, E Longo, F Margaroli, B Marzocchi, P Meridiani, G Organtini, R Paramatti, F Preiato, S Rahatlou, C Rovelli, F Santanastasio, N Amapane, R Arcidiacono, S Argiro, M Arneodo, N Bartosik, R Bellan, C Biino, N Cartiglia, F Cenna, M Costa, R Covarelli, A Degano, N Demaria, B Kiani, C Mariotti, S Maselli, E Migliore, V Monaco, E Monteil, M Monteno, M M Obertino, L Pacher, N Pastrone, M Pelliccioni, G L Pinna Angioni, F Ravera, A Romero, M Ruspa, R Sacchi, K Shchelina, V Sola, A Solano, A Staiano, P Traczyk, S Belforte, M Casarsa, F Cossutti, G Della Ricca, A Zanetti, D H Kim, G N Kim, M S Kim, J Lee, S Lee, S W Lee, C S Moon, Y D Oh, S Sekmen, D C Son, Y C Yang, A Lee, H Kim, D H Moon, G Oh, J A Brochero Cifuentes, J Goh, T J Kim, S Cho, S Choi, Y Go, D Gyun, S Ha, B Hong, Y Jo, Y Kim, K Lee, K S Lee, S Lee, J Lim, S K Park, Y Roh, J Almond, J Kim, J S Kim, H Lee, K Lee, K Nam, S B Oh, B C Radburn-Smith, S H Seo, U K Yang, H D Yoo, G B Yu, M Choi, H Kim, J H Kim, J S H Lee, I C Park, Y Choi, C Hwang, J Lee, I Yu, V Dudenas, A Juodagalvis, J Vaitkus, I Ahmed, Z A Ibrahim, M A B Md Ali, F Mohamad Idris, W A T Wan Abdullah, M N Yusli, Z Zolkapli, R Reyes-Almanza, G Ramirez-Sanchez, M C Duran-Osuna, H Castilla-Valdez, E De La Cruz-Burelo, I Heredia-De La Cruz, R I Rabadan-Trejo, R Lopez-Fernandez, J Mejia Guisao, A Sanchez-Hernandez, S Carrillo Moreno, C Oropeza Barrera, F Vazquez Valencia, I Pedraza, H A Salazar Ibarguen, C Uribe Estrada, A Morelos Pineda, D Krofcheck, P H Butler, A Ahmad, M Ahmad, Q Hassan, H R Hoorani, A Saddique, M A Shah, M Shoaib, M Waqas, H Bialkowska, M Bluj, B Boimska, T Frueboes, M 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The first observation of electroweak production of same-sign W boson pairs in proton-proton collisions is reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9    fb^{-1} collected at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. Events are selected by requiring exactly two leptons (electrons or muons) of the same charge, moderate missing transverse momentum, and two jets with a large rapidity separation and a large dijet mass. The observed significance of the signal is 5...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
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