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Dental enamel hypoplasia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761341/the-prevalence-of-developmental-defects-of-enamel-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-adolescents-in-western-sweden-a-barn-i-tanadvarden-bita-children-in-dental-care-study
#1
B Jälevik, A Szigyarto-Matei, A Robertson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of different types of developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) in varying age-cohorts and habitations, and to analyse if early trauma to the primary teeth and early subsequent serious health problems were related to DDE in the permanent dentition. Dental fear and anxiety, and aesthetic problems as a consequence of DDE were also investigated. METHODS: DDE was registered over 5 years annually in three age cohorts (796 children). The DDE index (FDI Commision on Oral Health, Research and Epidemiology, Int Dent J 42:411-426, 1992) was used...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729722/dental-and-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-of-the-grey-wolf-canis-lupus
#2
S Döring, B Arzi, J N Winer, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Skulls from 392 grey wolves (Canis lupus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. Two hundred and seven skulls were included in this study, comprised of 124 young adults (59.9%) and 83 adults (40.1%); of these, 65 (31.4%) specimens were from male wolves and 104 (50.3%) were from females, with 38 (18.4%) of unknown sex. Out of 8,694 possible teeth, 8,339 (95.9%) were present for evaluation. Fifty-five teeth (15.5%) were absent congenitally, 30 (8.5%) were lost during life and 270 (76...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721012/prevalence-of-sleep-bruxism-in-ibd-patients-and-its-correlation-to-other-dental-disorders-and-quality-of-life
#3
C Bucci, M Amato, F Zingone, M Caggiano, P Iovino, C Ciacci
Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel diseases could experience mouth and teeth disorders and alterations in psychological mood. Vice versa, the psychological status may influence the presence of oral diseases. Aim: To evaluate in inflammatory bowel disease patients the prevalence of sleep bruxism and its correlation with the presence of oral diseases, quality of sleep, and psychological disturbances. Methods: Patients were consecutively recruited in our clinic and examined for temporomandibular disorders, dental enamel disorders, sleep bruxism, and recurrent aphthous stomatitis by two dentists...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672992/life-in-the-fast-lane-settled-pastoralism-in-the-central-eurasian-steppe-during-the-middle-bronze-age
#4
Margaret A Judd, Jessica L Walker, Alicia Ventresca Miller, Dmitry Razhev, Andrey V Epimakhov, Bryan K Hanks
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that the purported unstable climate in the South Urals region during the Middle Bronze Age (MBA) resulted in health instability and social stress as evidenced by skeletal response. METHODS: The skeletal sample (n = 99) derived from Kamennyi Ambar 5 (KA-5), a MBA kurgan cemetery (2040-1730 cal. BCE, 2 sigma) associated with the Sintashta culture. Skeletal stress indicators assessed included cribra orbitalia, porotic hyperostosis, dental enamel hypoplasia, and tibia periosteal new bone growth...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663909/diagnosing-developmental-defects-of-enamel-pilot-study-of-online-training-and-accuracy
#5
Darya Dabiri, George J Eckert, Yihong Li, Kim Seow, Robert J Schroth, John Warren, J Timothy Wright, Shi Zhao, Margherita Fontana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' ability to correctly identify and classify development defects of enamel (DDE). METHODS: The modified DDE (MDDE) index was used to classify enamel defects into two types: (1) enamel hypoplasia-pitted, grooved, or missing enamel; or (2) enamel opacity-translucency of enamel not caused by dental caries or fluorosis (can be either demarcated or diffuse). A panel of six experts selected and scored 36 images using the MDDE, and the consensus score was used as the gold standard score in the evaluation of survey respondents...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460951/quantifying-linear-enamel-hypoplasia-in-virunga-mountain-gorillas-and-other-great-apes
#6
Kate McGrath, Sireen El-Zaatari, Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg, Margaret A Stanton, Donald J Reid, Tara S Stoinski, Michael R Cranfield, Antoine Mudakikwa, Shannon C McFarlin
OBJECTIVE: Linear enamel hypoplasia (LEH) is a condition marked by localized reductions in enamel thickness, resulting from growth disruptions during dental development. We use quantitative criteria to characterize the depth of LEH defects and "normal" perikymata in great apes. We test the hypothesis that mountain gorillas have shallow defects compared to other taxa, which may have led to their underestimation in previous studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Previous attempts to characterize LEH morphology quantitatively have been limited in sample size and scope...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460531/telescopic-overdenture-on-natural-teeth-prosthetic-rehabilitation-on-ofd-syndromic-patient-and-a-review-on-available-literature
#7
G Minervini, A Romano, M Petruzzi, C Maio, R Serpico, A Lucchese, V Candotto, D Di Stasio
Orofaciodigital syndromes (OFD) are rare genetical disorders characterized by malformations of the mouth (oris), face (facies), hands and feet (digitus = finger, toe). It is still impossible to fully understand the whole spectrum of all dysfunctions due to OFD, since the expressions of the syndrome vary in each patient. There are various alterations, thoroughly described in literature that can affect the oral cavity such as dental caries, abnormal teeth, enamel hypoplasia, supernumerary teeth and dental agenesis...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460530/oral-facial-digital-syndrome-ofd-31-year-follow-up-management-and-monitoring
#8
G Minervini, A Romano, M Petruzzi, C Maio, R Serpico, D Di Stasio, A Lucchese
Orofaciodigital syndrome (OFD) is a group of hereditary disorders identified by malformations of the mouth (oris), face (facies), hands and feet (digitus=finger and toe). Although there are several different types reported in the literature, there is a great overlap in their clinical presentation. The full spectrum of all disorders due to OFD is not yet fully understood, since each patient shows variations in the expression of the syndrome. In the oral cavity, teeth are often affected by various alterations, such as dental caries, abnormal teeth, enamel hypoplasia, supernumerary teeth and dental agenesis...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409366/oral-shedding-of-hsv-1-and-ebv-and-oral-manifestations-in-paediatric-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-renal-transplant-recipients
#9
Rubens Caliento, Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento, Érika Mont'alverne Pereira Silva, Tânia Regina Tozetto-Mendoza, Priscila Lie Tobouti, Vanda Benini, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Marina Gallottini
OBJECTIVE: Previous research demonstrated that salivary shedding of HSV-1 and EBV occurs often in adult renal transplant recipients, but there is a lack of studies on the presence of them in the saliva of paediatric population. Therefore, the objective of this study is to describe oral characteristics and to compare the shedding profile of HSV-1 and EBV in the saliva of children with renal transplant to that of chronic kidney disease patients and controls. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 100 children, being 25 renal transplant recipients, 25 chronic kidney disease patients and 50 healthy children...
February 6, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234185/ellis-van-creveld-with-an-unusual-dental-anomaly-a-case-report
#10
Suzanne Tanya Nethan, Shruti Sinha, Sunira Chandra
The Ellis-van Creveld (EVC) syndrome is a chondroectodermal dysplasia and is characterized by the cardinal features of disproportionate short stature, polydactyly, hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, and congenital heart malformations, along with other skeletal and dental abnormalities. It is a rare condition, with very few cases reported in the medical literature. It is inherited as an autosomal recessive disorder with variable expressions, due to the mutation of the EVC syndrome 1 and 2 genes, which are located on chromosome 4p16...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207559/tooth-wear-is-frequent-in-adult-patients-with-celiac-disease
#11
Massimo Amato, Fabiana Zingone, Mario Caggiano, Paola Iovino, Cristina Bucci, Carolina Ciacci
(1) Background: Celiac disease (CD) patients can be affected by mouth and tooth disorders, which are influenced by their gluten-free diet. The aim of our research was to evaluate the pathological conditions of the stomatognathic system observed in celiac patients on a gluten-free diet. (2) Methods: we consecutively recruited celiac patients on a gluten-free diet at our celiac center, as well as healthy volunteers. Two dentists examined all patients/controls and checked them for any mouth disorder. (3) Results: Forty-nine patients affected by celiac disease (age at test 31...
December 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191124/the-dental-manifestations-and-orthodontic-implications-of-hypoparathyroidism-in-childhood
#12
Amy Arora Gallacher, M N Pemberton, D T Waring
The presence of short dental roots can present challenges to the orthodontist both in terms of identifying its aetiology and in subsequent treatment planning. Uncommon causes include hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism, where short roots may be seen in combination with other oral manifestations including enamel hypoplasia secondary to low calcium levels. This case report highlights these features and the orthodontic treatment proposed.
November 30, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168574/dental-enamel-defect-diagnosis-through-different-technology-based-devices
#13
Tatiana Yuriko Kobayashi, Luciana Lourenço Ribeiro Vitor, Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Thiago Cruvinel Silva, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Thais Marchini Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Dental enamel defects (DEDs) are faulty or deficient enamel formations of primary and permanent teeth. Changes during tooth development result in hypoplasia (a quantitative defect) and/or hypomineralisation (a qualitative defect). OBJECTIVE: To compare technology-based diagnostic methods for detecting DEDs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two-hundred and nine dental surfaces of anterior permanent teeth were selected in patients, 6-11 years of age, with cleft lip with/without cleft palate...
November 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106352/the-oral-health-of-preschool-children-of-refugee-and-immigrant-families-in-manitoba
#14
Mohamed El Azrak, Alice Huang, Khalida Hai-Santiago, Mary F Bertone, Daniella DeMaré, Robert J Schroth
INTRODUCTION: Children of newcomers to Canada have been identified as at moderately high risk for developing early childhood caries (ECC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health of preschool children of refugee and immigrant families in Winnipeg. METHODS: Children < 72 months of age and their parent or primary caregiver were recruited through several newcomer settlement agencies, dental clinics and community programs. Parents and caregivers completed a short questionnaire with the assistance of a research team member...
January 2017: Journal—Canadian Dental Association, Journal de L'Association Dentaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099364/nutrition-for-oral-health-and-oral-manifestations-of-poor-nutrition-and-unhealthy-habits
#15
Matthew Pflipsen, Yevgeniy Zenchenko
The availability of proper nutrients is critical for the growth, development, maintenance, and repair of healthy dentition and oral tissues. Deficiencies particularly relevant to the dental practice are those in folate and other B complex vitamins; vitamins A, C, and D; calcium; fluoride; and protein. A lack of these nutrients affects nearly every structure in the oral cavity, causing or contributing to scurvy, cleft palate, enamel hypoplasia, poor mineralization, caries, and other pathoses. Damage to the dentition can also be observed in individuals with unhealthy habits; for example, a diet high in sugars will promote processes such as demineralization and caries...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091225/dental-staining-after-doxycycline-use-in-children
#16
Heidi Pöyhönen, Mirka Nurmi, Ville Peltola, Satu Alaluusua, Olli Ruuskanen, Tuire Lähdesmäki
Background: The use of doxycycline has been avoided before 8 years of age due to known dental staining caused by tetracyclines, although doxycycline differs from classical tetracyclines in many ways. Doxycycline is still an important antimicrobial agent, but its dental safety is not well studied. Objectives: To examine the state of permanent teeth after doxycycline exposure in children <8 years of age. Methods: Details of doxycycline treatment were collected from medical records...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075030/developmental-defects-of-enamel-and-caries-in-primary-teeth
#17
Hayley Foulds
Data sourcesPubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus and Scielo.Study selectionTwo reviewers identified studies supervised by a third. Observational studies which investigated the association between developmental defects of enamel and dental caries in the primary dentition, which were assessed by clinical examination and published in English, Spanish or Portuguese.Data extraction and synthesisQuality of research was assessed using the critical appraisal checklist from the Joanna Briggs Institute. Meta-analysis was conducted using crude and adjusted association measures (relative risk and odds ratio) with 95% confidence intervals...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072244/oral-and-dental-health-in-children-with-chronic-liver-disease-in-the-turkey-northeast
#18
O Baygin, M Cakır, N Ucuncu
BACKGROUND: It is important to be aware of oral and dental problems in the early period in children with chronic liver disease (CLD) to prevent late complications. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the oral and dental health status in children with CLD. METHODS: The three groups of children (3-18 years old); Group 1 (disease group, n = 31) patients with CLD, Group 2 (disease control group, n = 17) patients with chronic renal failure, and Group 3 healthy children (control group, n = 35)...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070163/dental-caries-experience-in-texan-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Sabrina Sunderji, Bhavini Acharya, Catherine Flaitz, Brett Chiquet
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the caries experience in the primary dentition of children born with cleft lip and palate (CLP). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on subjects between two and six years old recruited from a university-based pediatric dentistry residency clinic. The number of dental visits and professional fluoride applications, the plaque index and treatment modality, and the presence/location of caries, white spot lesions, and enamel hypoplastic lesions were compared between CLP patients and healthy age- and gender-matched controls...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942310/dental-and-temporomandibular-joint-pathology-of-the-north-american-brown-bear-ursus-arctos-horribilis-ursus-arctos-middendorffi-and-ursus-arctos-sitkensis
#20
J N Winer, B Arzi, S Döring, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Museum specimens (maxillae and mandibles) from 393 North American brown bears (Ursus arctos) from Alaska were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria and 204 specimens were included in this study. The specimens were acquired between 1905 and 2012. There were 99 specimens (48.5%) from male animals, 87 (42.7%) from female animals and 18 (8.8%) from animals of unknown sex. The ages of the animals ranged from neonate to adult, with 92 adults (45.1%) and 112 young adults (54.9%) included and neonates/juveniles excluded from the study...
August 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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