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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639717/a-prospective-study-on-transvaginal-ultrasound-of-cervical-length-cl-in-the-first-and-second-trimester-in-a-low-risk-population
#1
C B Wulff, L Rode, S Rosthøj, E Hoseth, O B Petersen, A Tabor
OBJECTIVES: To assess cervical length (CL) longitudinally in the first and second trimester and to determine the proportion of women with a short CL. Further, to assess if women with a short CL at 19-24 weeks could be identified at the combined first-trimester screening (cFTS) at 11-14 weeks in relation to a potential implementation of CL screening in the Danish population. METHODS: We recruited singleton pregnant women attending the combined first-trimester screening from 1 November 2013 to 1 December 2014 to a longitudinal prospective study at three University Hospitals in Denmark...
June 22, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604577/pain-after-cochlear-implantation-an-unusual-complication
#2
Charlotte Celerier, Isabelle Rouillon, Marion Blanchard, Marine Parodi, Françoise Denoyelle, Natalie Loundon
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical signs and better define the underestimated long-term pain after implantation, to discuss etiological hypothesis, and to propose our department treatment algorithm and results. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of children implanted with complaints of atypical pain in the area of device implantation, not in the immediate postoperative period, more than or equal to 4 on the Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAPS: 0-10) in the ENT pediatric department of Trousseau and Necker Enfants Malades Hospitals between 1998 and 2015...
June 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586127/cervical-stitch-cerclage-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancy
#3
REVIEW
Zarko Alfirevic, Tamara Stampalija, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cerclage is a well-known surgical procedure carried out during pregnancy. It involves positioning of a suture (stitch) around the neck of the womb (cervix), aiming to give mechanical support to the cervix and thereby reduce risk of preterm birth. The effectiveness and safety of this procedure remains controversial. This is an update of a review last published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the use of cervical stitch in singleton pregnancy at high risk of pregnancy loss based on woman's history and/or ultrasound finding of 'short cervix' and/or physical exam improves subsequent obstetric care and fetal outcome...
June 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546709/salvage-surgery-for-cervical-cancer-recurrences
#4
P Rema, Arun Peter Mathew, S Suchetha, Iqbal Ahmed
Cervical cancer usually presents in advanced stages and is treated with chemoradiation. About 15-20 % patients present with local recurrence after chemoradiation. Radical surgical resection is the only treatment modality offering long term survival benefit in recurrent cervical cancer. The most common surgical option for these patients is pelvic exenteration. Radical hysterectomy may be done for patients with a small centrally located recurrence in the cervix with no infiltration of adjacent structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the morbidity and survival outcome following radical hysterectomy and pelvic exenteration for recurrent cancer cervix...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545978/benralizumab-for-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-persistent-asthma-bise-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#5
Gary T Ferguson, J Mark FitzGerald, Eugene R Bleecker, Michel Laviolette, David Bernstein, Craig LaForce, Lyndon Mansfield, Peter Barker, Yanping Wu, Maria Jison, Mitchell Goldman
BACKGROUND: Benralizumab is a humanised, anti-interleukin 5 receptor α monoclonal antibody that directly and rapidly depletes eosinophils, reduces asthma exacerbations, and improves lung function for patients with severe eosinophilic asthma. The objective of this trial was to assess the safety and efficacy of benralizumab for patients with mild to moderate, persistent asthma. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients aged 18-75 years, weighing at least 40 kg, and with a postbronchodilator reversibility in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) of at least 12% at screening, from 52 clinical research centres in six countries...
May 22, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502186/effectiveness-of-dydrogesterone-17-oh-progesterone-and-micronized-progesterone-in-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-women-with-a-short-cervix
#6
Olga Pustotina
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of dydrogesterone, 17-OH progesterone (17OHP) and oral or vaginal micronized progesterone with cerclage for the prevention of preterm birth in women with a short cervix. METHODS: The study included 95 women with singleton gestation and cervical length (CL) ≤ 25 mm. Among these, 35 women were asymptomatic at 15-24 weeks and 60 had symptoms of threatened late miscarriage (LM) or preterm delivery (PD) at 15-32 weeks. Patients were randomized to receive dydrogesterone, 17OHP or oral/vaginal micronized progesterone; after one week of therapy 15 women underwent cerclage...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254220/preliminary-preventive-protocol-from-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-to-reduce-preterm-birth-rate-for-dichorionic-diamniotic-twins
#7
Masako Matsui, Yuichiro Takahashi, Shigenori Iwagaki, Rika Chiaki, Kazuhiko Asai, Ichiro Kawabata
OBJECTIVE: The preterm birth rate of twins is reportedly higher than that of single pregnancies. We performed preliminary preventive interventions at our center focused on evaluating the risk of each case before 14 weeks of gestation to reduce the spontaneous preterm birth rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants included 184 dichorionic-diamniotic twins delivered at our center during the 8 years from 2006. We evaluated each patient regarding high-risk status (at least 1 additional factor as follows: threatened abortion, history of chorioamnionitis, cervicitis, and bacterial vaginosis), based on available evidence; patients deemed high risk gave their informed consent and underwent treatment for cervicitis and cerclage if indicated...
February 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209998/cervical-pessary-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis
#8
Xin-Hang Jin, Dan Li, Li-Li Huang
To investigate the efficacy of cervical pessary placement in preventing preterm birth and perinatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a singleton pregnancy and a short cervix, we searched literature in relevant databases. The meta-analysis of the 3 included trials (1412 women) showed cervical pessary placement did not reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth <34 weeks in these women (risk ratio (RR), 0.71; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.21-2.43, P = 0.59; I(2) = 90%). The sensitivity analyses by excluding one trial at one time showed the same results...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209456/the-role-of-stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-in-gynaecological-cancers-a-systematic-review
#9
L C Mendez, E Leung, P Cheung, L Barbera
AIMS: To summarise and evaluate the current literature in gynaecological tumours treated with stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) through a systematic review using the Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guideline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search through Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane databases resulted in 22 pertinent manuscripts. Selected studies evaluated the locoregional role of SABR in gynaecological tumours, regardless of SABR clinical indication...
June 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166925/-is-universal-screening-for-cervical-length-among-singleton-pregnancies-with-no-history-of-preterm-birth-justified
#10
REVIEW
P Rozenberg
The ultrasonographic measurement of cervical length with a cutoff of 15mm is currently the best method to identify a group of asymptomatic women in the general population at risk of spontaneous preterm birth, especially among asymptomatic patients with a singleton pregnancy with no history of preterm birth. Cerclage and 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) are ineffective to reduce the risk of preterm birth among asymptomatic patients with a short cervix in midtrimester. However, vaginal progesterone (200-mg capsules of micronized progesterone or gel containing 90mg progesterone) has been demonstrated effective in 2 large randomized trials to reduce the risk of preterm birth and possibly the composite morbidity and perinatal mortality associated among asymptomatic women with a short cervix in the general population screened by ultrasound of the cervix in midtrimester...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103952/the-interaction-between-vaginal-microbiota-cervical-length-and-vaginal-progesterone-treatment-for-preterm-birth-risk
#11
Lindsay M Kindinger, Phillip R Bennett, Yun S Lee, Julian R Marchesi, Ann Smith, Stefano Cacciatore, Elaine Holmes, Jeremy K Nicholson, T G Teoh, David A MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the primary cause of infant death worldwide. A short cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm birth. In specific patient cohorts, vaginal progesterone reduces this risk. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we undertook a prospective study in women at risk of preterm birth (n = 161) to assess (1) the relationship between vaginal microbiota and cervical length in the second trimester and preterm birth risk and (2) the impact of vaginal progesterone on vaginal bacterial communities in women with a short cervix...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#12
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
March 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067007/vaginal-progesterone-decreases-preterm-birth-and-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-in-women-with-a-twin-gestation-and-a-short-cervix-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#13
REVIEW
R Romero, A Conde-Agudelo, W El-Refaie, L Rode, M L Brizot, E Cetingoz, V Serra, E Da Fonseca, M S Abdelhafez, A Tabor, A Perales, S S Hassan, K H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vaginal progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a twin gestation and a sonographic short cervix (cervical length ≤ 25 mm) in the mid-trimester. METHODS: This was an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data (IPD) from randomized controlled trials comparing vaginal progesterone with placebo/no treatment in women with a twin gestation and a mid-trimester sonographic cervical length ≤ 25 mm...
March 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029461/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-by-uterine-cervical-cerclage
#14
REVIEW
L Marcellin
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on cervical insufficiency and indications of cervical cerclage cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and international obstetrical societies between 1972 and June 2016 have been consulted. RESULTS: Cervical insufficiency is a pathophysiological concept and to date no consensual definition is available: the diagnosis is clinical and discussed retrospectively in case of patients with a history of late miscarriages and/or spontaneous preterm delivery, with asymptomatic dilatation of the cervix (professional consensus)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933401/improvement-of-abnormal-vaginal-flora-in-ugandan-women-by-self-testing-and-short-use-of-intravaginal-antimicrobials
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
G Donders, G Bellen, F Donders, J Pinget, I Vandevelde, T Michiels, J Byamughisa
The vaginal composition of African women is more often lactobacillus-deficient compared to that of women from other areas around the world. Lactobacillus-deficient microflora is a known risk factor for serious health problems, such as preterm birth, cervix cancer, and entrapment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of local vaginal antibiotic or antiseptic treatment on abnormal vaginal flora (AVF), aerobic vaginitis (AV), and bacterial vaginosis (BV) among women in rural, semi-urban, and urban areas in Uganda, as compared to placebo...
April 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871275/rationale-and-design-of-support-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial-to-compare-three-treatments-cervical-cerclage-cervical-pessary-and-vaginal-progesterone-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-birth-in-women-who-develop-a-short-cervix
#16
Natasha L Hezelgrave, Helena A Watson, Alexandra Ridout, Falak Diab, Paul T Seed, Evonne Chin-Smith, Rachel M Tribe, Andrew H Shennan
BACKGROUND: Clinically, once a woman has been identified as being at risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) due to a short cervical length, a decision regarding prophylactic treatment must be made. Three interventions have the potential to improve outcomes: cervical cerclage (stitch), vaginal progesterone and cervical pessary. Each has been shown to have similar benefit in reduction of sPTB, but there have been no randomised control trials (RCTs) to compare them. METHODS: This open label multi-centre UK RCT trial, will evaluate whether the three interventions are equally efficacious to prevent premature birth in women who develop a short cervix (<25 mm on transvaginal ultrasound)...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836377/-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-excluding-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#17
REVIEW
L Sentilhes, M-V Sénat, P-Y Ancel, E Azria, G Benoist, J Blanc, G Brabant, F Bretelle, S Brun, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, A Evrard, G Kayem, E Maisonneuve, L Marcellin, S Marret, N Mottet, S Paysant, D Riethmuller, P Rozenberg, T Schmitz, H Torchin, B Langer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the measures to prevent spontaneous preterm birth (excluding preterm premature rupture of membranes)and its consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: In France, premature birth concerns 60,000 neonates every year (7.4 %), half of them are delivered after spontaneous onset of labor...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823998/role-of-cervical-cerclage-and-vaginal-progesterone-in-the-treatment-of-cervical-incompetence-with-without-preterm-birth-history
#18
Shao-Wei Wang, Lin-Lin Ma, Shuai Huang, Lin Liang, Jun-Rong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, and its prevention is an important health-care priority. The cervical incompetence is a well-known risk factor for PTB and its incidence is about 0.1-2.0%, while there is no ideal optimum treatment recommended currently. The cervical incompetence causes about 15% of habitual abortion in 16-28 weeks. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cervical cerclage and vaginal progesterone in the treatment of cervical incompetence with/without PTB history...
November 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776845/-the-use-of-progestatives-for-the-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#19
REVIEW
E Azria
OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical situations in which progestatives used to reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery and/or reduced adverse neonatal outcomes have been evaluated and identify situations in which 17OHPC or vaginal progesterone might be recommended. METHODS: Bibliographic searches were performed in the Medline and Cochrane databases with the use of a combination of keywords and text words related to "progesterone", "tocolysis", and "preterm labor" from 1956 through July 2016...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747726/post-menopausal-vaginal-hemorrhage-related-to-the-use-of-a-hop-containing-phytotherapeutic-product
#20
Florence van Hunsel, Sonja van de Koppel, Eugène van Puijenbroek
Two 54-year-old women developed abdominal cramps and vaginal hemorrhage as a result of endometrial hyperplasia during treatment with a hop-containing phytotherapeutic product (MenoCool(®)) for post-menopausal complaints. The women used the hop-containing phytotherapeutic product (418 mg of hop per tablet) twice daily (1 and 0.5 tablets by both patient A and B). Patient A developed abdominal cramps and vaginal hemorrhage after 2 months of use. After gynecological examination, she was diagnosed with endometrial hyperplasia...
December 2015: Drug Safety—Case Reports
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