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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811735/asian-american-dietary-sources-of-sodium-and-salt-behaviors-compared-with-other-racial-ethnic-groups-nhanes-2011-2012
#1
Melanie J Firestone, Jeannette M Beasley, Simona C Kwon, Jiyoung Ahn, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Stella S Yi
OBJECTIVE: Asian Americans consume more sodium than other racial/ethnic groups. The purpose of this analysis was to describe major sources of sodium intake to inform sodium reduction initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on adults (aged >18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2012 with one 24-hour dietary recall were analyzed (n=5,076). Population proportions were calculated from "What We Eat in America" (WWEIA) food categories...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810884/a-novel-method-for-transmitting-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-to-rice-without-insect-vector
#2
Lu Yu, Jing Shi, Lianlian Cao, Guoping Zhang, Wenli Wang, Deyu Hu, Baoan Song
BACKGROUND: Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) has spread from the south of China to the north of Vietnam in the past few years, and has severely influenced rice production. However, previous study of traditional SRBSDV transmission method by the natural virus vector, the white-backed planthopper (WBPH, Sogatella furcifera), in the laboratory, researchers are frequently confronted with lack of enough viral samples due to the limited life span of infected vectors and rice plants and low virus acquisition and inoculation efficiency by the vector...
August 15, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792056/anthocyanins-in-black-rice-soybean-and-purple-corn-increase-fecal-butyric-acid-and-prevent-liver-inflammation-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#3
Tao Wu, Xueqi Guo, Min Zhang, Lu Yang, Rui Liu, Jinjin Yin
Epidemiological evidence indicates that anthocyanin consumption reduces the incidence of chronic and degenerative diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether black rice anthocyanin (BRA), black soybean anthocyanin (BSA), and purple corn anthocyanin (PCA) could mitigate oxidative stress and inflammation associated obesity in C57BL/6 mice fed with a high-fat diet. BRA, BSA, or PCA was administered at doses of 200 mg kg(-1) throughout the 12-week experiment and reduced the bodyweight by 9...
August 9, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789694/co-infection-of-two-reoviruses-increases-both-viruses-accumulation-in-rice-by-up-regulating-of-viroplasm-components-and-movement-proteins-bilaterally-and-rna-silencing-suppressor-unilaterally
#4
Shu Li, Tong Zhang, Yingzhi Zhu, Guohui Zhou
BACKGROUND: Synergism between southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) and rice ragged stunt virus (RRSV) not only aggravates disease symptoms but also enhances their vector acquisition efficiencies by increasing both viruses' titers in co-infected rice plants, which may exacerbate the epidemic of both viruses and cause significant damage to rice production. The molecular mechanism of viral synergism of these two viruses remains unexplored. METHODS: Single and double infection of SRBSDV and RRSV were obtained with the viruliferous white-backed planthopper and brown planthopper inoculation on four-leaf stage rice seedlings, respectively, under experimental condition...
August 8, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764087/synthesis-characterization-and-application-of-a-zn-ii-imprinted-polymer-grafted-on-graphene-oxide-magnetic-chitosan-nanocomposite-for-selective-extraction-of-zinc-ions-from-different-food-samples
#5
Elahe Kazemi, Shayessteh Dadfarnia, Ali Mohammad Haji Shabani, Mansoureh Ranjbar
A novel Zn(II) imprinted polymer was synthesized via a co-precipitation method using graphene oxide/magnetic chitosan nanocomposite as supporting material. The synthesized imprinted polymer was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and applied as a sorbent for selective magnetic solid phase extraction of zinc followed by its determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The kinetic and isothermal adsorption experiments were carried out and all parameters affecting the extraction process was optimized...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751572/short-term-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-biomarkers-of-systemic-inflammation-the-framingham-heart-study
#6
Wenyuan Li, Kirsten S Dorans, Elissa H Wilker, Mary B Rice, Petter L Ljungman, Joel D Schwartz, Brent A Coull, Petros Koutrakis, Diane R Gold, John F Keaney, Ramachandran S Vasan, Emelia J Benjamin, Murray A Mittleman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine associations between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and circulating biomarkers of systemic inflammation in participants from the Framingham Offspring and Third Generation cohorts in the greater Boston area. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We included 3996 noncurrent smoking participants (mean age, 53.6 years; 54% women) who lived within 50 km from a central air pollution monitoring site in Boston, MA, and calculated the 1- to 7-day moving averages of fine particulate matter (diameter<2...
July 27, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725262/comparison-of-four-glycosyl-residue-composition-methods-for-effectiveness-in-detecting-sugars-from-cell-walls-of-dicot-and-grass-tissues
#7
Ajaya K Biswal, Li Tan, Melani A Atmodjo, Jaclyn DeMartini, Ivana Gelineo-Albersheim, Kimberly Hunt, Ian M Black, Sushree S Mohanty, David Ryno, Charles E Wyman, Debra Mohnen
BACKGROUND: The effective use of plant biomass for biofuel and bioproduct production requires a comprehensive glycosyl residue composition analysis to understand the different cell wall polysaccharides present in the different biomass sources. Here we compared four methods side-by-side for their ability to measure the neutral and acidic sugar composition of cell walls from herbaceous, grass, and woody model plants and bioenergy feedstocks. RESULTS: Arabidopsis, Populus, rice, and switchgrass leaf cell walls, as well as cell walls from Populus wood, rice stems, and switchgrass tillers, were analyzed by (1) gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) of alditol acetates combined with a total uronic acid assay; (2) carbodiimide reduction of uronic acids followed by GC-MS of alditol acetates; (3) GC-MS of trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives; and (4) high-pressure, anion-exchange chromatography (HPAEC)...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719302/a-fatal-hantavirus-pulmonary-syndrome-misdiagnosed-as-dengue-an-investigation-into-the-first-reported-case-in-rio-de-janeiro-state-brazil
#8
Renata Carvalho de Oliveira, Alexandro Guterres, Bernardo Rodrigues Teixeira, Jorlan Fernandes, João Marcos Penna Júnior, Reynaldo de Jesus Oliveira Júnior, Liana Strecht Pereira, João Bosco Júnior, Patrícia Soares Meneguete, Cristina Maria Giordano Dias, Cibele Rodrigues Bonvicino, Paulo Sérgio D'Andrea, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos
We report the results of an investigation into a fatal case of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, where the disease had not been reported previous to 2015. Following the notification of an HPS case, serum samples were collected from the household members and work contacts of the HPS patient and tested for antibody to hantaviruses. Seroprevalence of 22% (10/45) was indicated for hantavirus out of 45 human samples tested. Blood and tissue samples were collected from 72 rodents during fieldwork to evaluate the prevalence of hantavirus infection, by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay IgG, and to characterize the rodent hantavirus reservoir(s), by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and sequencing...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704125/effect-of-feeding-high-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-containing-giant-embryo-black-sticky-rice-oryza-sativa-l-on-anxiety-related-behavior-of-c57bl-6-mice
#9
Woo-Young Jung, Sung-Gon Kim, Jin-Seong Lee, Hyeon-Kyeong Kim, Beung-Gu Son, Jong-Woo Kim, Jae-Won Suh
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of feeding high gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing black sticky rice giant embryo (BSRGE, Oryza sativa L.) on anxiety-related behavior of C57BL/6 mice. Experimental feedstuff (BSRGE with high GABA+AIN-76A) and control (AIN-76A) were provided to C57BL/6 mouse for 10 days. Antianxiety effects of BSRGE with high GABA were measured using an elevated plus maze. On day 8, the number of open arm entries by GABA and control groups were 1.10 ± 1.60 (mean ± SD) and 0...
August 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700950/transcriptional-changes-of-rice-in-response-to-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus
#10
Mohamed M S Ahmed, Wen Ji, Muyue Wang, Shiquan Bian, Meng Xu, Weiyun Wang, Jiangxiang Zhang, Zhihao Xu, Meimei Yu, Qiaoquan Liu, Changquan Zhang, Honggen Zhang, Shuzhu Tang, Minghong Gu, Hengxiu Yu
Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV), a member of the genus Fijivirus in the family Reoviridae, causes significant economic losses in rice production in China and many other Asian countries. Although a great deal of effort has been made to elucidate the interactions among the virus, insect vectors, host and environmental conditions, few RBSDV proteins involved in pathogenesis have been identified, and the biological basis of disease development in rice remains largely unknown. Transcriptomic information associated with the disease development in rice would be helpful to unravel the biological mechanism...
July 9, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697481/childhood-exposure-to-libby-amphibole-asbestos-and-respiratory-health-in-young-adults
#11
Patrick H Ryan, Carol H Rice, James E Lockey, Brad Black, Jeff Burkle, Timothy J Hilbert, Linda Levin, Cole Brokamp, Roy McKay, Christopher Wolfe, Grace K LeMasters
OBJECTIVES: Vermiculite ore containing Libby amphibole asbestos (LAA) was mined in Libby, MT, from the 1920s-1990. Recreational and residential areas in Libby were contaminated with LAA. This objective of this study was to characterize childhood exposure to LAA and investigate its association with respiratory health during young adulthood. METHODS: Young adults who resided in Libby prior to age 18 completed a health and activity questionnaire, pulmonary function testing, chest x-ray and HRCT scan...
July 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690170/polyhydroxybutyrate-by-streptomyces-sp-production-and-characterization
#12
Sivakumar Krishnan, Gandhi Shree Chinnadurai, Palani Perumal
A total number of 20 actinomycetes isolates were isolated from soil sediments obtained from Semmancheri coastal areas of Bay of Bengal, India and they were qualitatively screened for the production of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) on a medium containing Sudan black stain. Nine of the 20 isolates produced PHB and the quantity of PHB produced varied from 1.79 to 4.26g(-L). Among the positive isolates an actinomycete isolate which was identified as Streptomyces sp. through 16S rRNA sequencing analysis (Accession No: KF667247) produced relatively higher PHB than other positive isolates...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686509/%C3%AE-oryzanol-rich-black-rice-bran-extract-enhances-the-innate-immune-response
#13
Soon Young Shin, Heon-Woong Kim, Hwan-Hee Jang, Yu-Jin Hwang, Jeong-Sook Choe, Yoongho Lim, Jung-Bong Kim, Young Han Lee
The innate immune response is an important host primary defense system against pathogens. γ-Oryzanol is one of the nutritionally important phytoceutical components in rice bran oil. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of γ-oryzanol-rich extract from black rice bran (γORE) on the activation of the innate immune system. In this study, we show that γORE increased the expression of CD14 and Toll-like receptor 4 and enhanced the phagocytic activity of RAW264.7 macrophages. Furthermore, γORE and its active ingredient γ-oryzanol promoted the secretion of innate cytokines, interleukin-8, and CCL2, which facilitate phagocytosis by RAW264...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678089/children-receiving-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-are-at-increased-risk-of-onychocryptosis-requiring-surgical-management
#14
Brian Ezekian, Brian R Englum, Brian F Gilmore, Jina Kim, Harold J Leraas, Timothy A Driscoll, Elisabeth T Tracy, Henry E Rice
PURPOSE: At our institution, a high proportion of children with onychocryptosis (ingrown toenail) requiring surgical intervention were noted to have a history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We analyzed the characteristics of patients who underwent surgical intervention for onychocryptosis and examined our institutional HSCT database to determine if an association exists between onychocryptosis and HSCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical cases for onychocryptosis performed from 2000 to 2012 were identified...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677100/physical-predictive-glycaemic-response-and-antioxidative-properties-of-black-ear-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-extrudates
#15
Margaux Vallée, Xikun Lu, Joan Oñate Narciso, Wenhui Li, Yuyue Qin, Margaret A Brennan, Charles S Brennan
Black ear mushroom (Auricularia auricula) is an important genus of cultivated mushroom, which contains health benefits. Incorporating black ear (BE) mushroom into brown rice by extrusion changed the physicochemical, and more importantly, the nutritional characteristics of the extrudates. With increased incorporation of BE mushroom in the extrudates in vitro starch digestion of the different extrudates revealed significantly reduced starch digestion, suggesting a lower glycaemic index. In addition, incorporation of BE in brown rice extrudates increased the total phenolic concentration of the samples, which led to higher % scavenging effect against free-radicals in DPPH assay...
July 4, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672893/anthocyanins-from-black-rice-oryza-sativa-promote-immune-responses-in-leukemia-through-enhancing-phagocytosis-of-macrophages-in-vivo
#16
Ming-Jen Fan, Ping-Hsuan Yeh, Jing-Pin Lin, An-Cheng Huang, Jin-Cherng Lien, Hui-Yi Lin, Jing-Gung Chung
Rice is a staple food in numerous countries around the world. Anthocyanins found in black rice have been reported to reduce the risk of certain diseases, but the effects of crude extract of anthocyanins from Asia University-selected purple glutinous indica rice (AUPGA) on immune responses have not yet been demonstrated. The current study aimed to investigate whether AUPGA treatment could affect immune responses in murine leukemia cells in vivo. Murine acute myelomonocytic leukemia WEHI-3 cells were intraperitoneally injected into normal BALB/c mice to generate leukemia mice...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630699/nutritional-correlates-of-monetary-diet-cost-in-young-middle-aged-and-older-japanese-women
#17
Keiko Shiraki, Kentaro Murakami, Hitomi Okubo, M Barbara E Livingstone, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Studies in many Western countries have consistently shown that monetary diet cost is positively associated with diet quality, but this may not necessarily be the case in Japan. This cross-sectional study examined the nutritional correlates of monetary diet cost among 3963 young (all 18 years old), 3800 middle-aged (mean age 48 years) and 2211 older (mean age 74 years) Japanese women. Dietary intakes were assessed using a comprehensive self-administered diet history questionnaire for young and middle-aged women and a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire for older women...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611803/shading-contributes-to-the-reduction-of-stem-mechanical-strength-by-decreasing-cell-wall-synthesis-in-japonica-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#18
Longmei Wu, Wujun Zhang, Yanfeng Ding, Jianwei Zhang, Elidio D Cambula, Fei Weng, Zhenghui Liu, Chengqiang Ding, She Tang, Lin Chen, Shaohua Wang, Ganghua Li
Low solar radiation caused by industrial development and solar dimming has become a limitation in crop production in China. It is widely accepted that low solar radiation influences many aspects of plant development, including slender, weak stems and susceptibility to lodging. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. To clarify how low solar radiation affects stem mechanical strength formation and lodging resistance, the japonica rice cultivars Wuyunjing23 (lodging-resistant) and W3668 (lodging-susceptible) were grown under field conditions with normal light (Control) and shading (the incident light was reduced by 60%) with a black nylon net...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595925/jinggangmycin-suppressed-reproduction-in-the-small-brown-planthopper-sbph-laodelphax-striatellus-fallen-is-mediated-by-glucose-dehydrogenase-gdh
#19
Jun Ding, You Wu, Lin-Lin You, Bin Xu, Lin-Quan Ge, Guo-Qing Yang, Jin-Cai Wu
The small brown planthopper (SBPH), Laodelphax striatellus (Fallen), is a serious pest insect of rice, wheat, and maize in China. SBPH not only sucks plant sap but also transmits plant disease viruses, causing serious damage. These viruses include rice striped virus disease (RSV disease), black streaked dwarf, and maize rough disease virus. SBPH outbreaks are related to the overuse of pesticides in China. Some pesticides, such as triazophos, stimulate the reproduction of SBPH, but an antibiotic fungicide jinggangmycin (JGM) suppresses its reproduction...
June 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587444/assessment-of-changes-in-the-content-of-anthocyanins-phenolic-acids-and-antioxidant-property-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-mediated-fermented-black-rice-bran
#20
Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Noppawat Pengkumsri, Sasithorn Sirilun, Sartjin Peerajan, Suchanat Khongtan, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi
Studies on phytochemical properties and bioactivities of rice bran revealed the wealth of natural complex antioxidant compounds. The composition and the properties of the rice bran get altered after fermentation by several microbes. This study was designed to optimize the black rice bran fermentation conditions for the total anthocyanin (ACN) content, total antioxidant properties, and relative activity of β-glucosidase (BGS) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology was employed to achieve the maximum response in fermentation...
December 2017: AMB Express
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