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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439189/development-and-evaluation-of-two-abbreviated-questionnaires-for-mentoring-and-research-self-efficacy
#1
Donna B Jeffe, Treva K Rice, Josephine E A Boyington, Dabeeru C Rao, Girardin Jean-Louis, Victor G Dávila-Román, Anne L Taylor, Betty S Pace, Mohamed Boutjdir
OBJECTIVES: To reduce respondent burden for future evaluations of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-supported Programs to Increase Diversity Among Individuals Engaged in Health-Related Research (PRIDE), a mentored-research education program, we sought to shorten the 33-item Ragins and McFarlin Mentor Role Instrument (RMMRI), measuring mentor-role appraisals, and the 69-item Clinical Research Appraisal Inventory (CRAI), measuring research self-efficacy. METHODS: Three nationally recruited, junior-faculty cohorts attended two, annual 2-3 week Summer Institutes (SI-1/SI-2: 2011/2012, 2012/2013, 2013/2014) at one of six PRIDE sites...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379117/an-evaluation-of-mass-absorption-cross-section-for-optical-carbon-analysis-on-teflon-filter-media
#2
Paige Presler-Jur, Prakash Doraiswamy, Oki Hammond, Joann Rice
Black carbon (BC) or elemental carbon (EC) is a by-product of incomplete fuel combustion, and contributes adversely to human health, visibility, and climate impacts. Previous studies have examined non-destructive techniques for particle light attenuation measurements on Teflon(®) filters to estimate BC. The incorporation of an inline Magee Scientific OT21 Transmissometer into the MTL AH-225 robotic weighing system provides the opportunity to perform optical transmission measurements on Teflon(®) filters at the same time as the gravimetric mass measurement...
April 5, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359957/structure-and-components-of-the-globular-and-filamentous-viroplasms-induced-by-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus
#3
Li Xie, Ming-Fang Lv, Xi-Jiao Song, Jian Yang, Jing Li, Zong-Tao Sun, Ying-Yi Zhang, Jian-Ping Chen, Heng-Mu Zhang
Viroplasms of members of the family Reoviridae are considered to be viral factories for genome replication and virion assembly. Globular and filamentous phenotypes have different components and probably have different functions. We used transmission electron microscopy and electron tomography to examine the structure and components of the two viroplasm phenotypes induced by Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV). Immuno-gold labeling was used to localize each of the 13 RBSDV encoded proteins as well as double-stranded RNA, host cytoskeleton actin-11 and α-tubulin...
March 16, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346442/identification-of-12-new-susceptibility-loci-for-different-histotypes-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#4
Catherine M Phelan, Karoline B Kuchenbaecker, Jonathan P Tyrer, Siddhartha P Kar, Kate Lawrenson, Stacey J Winham, Joe Dennis, Ailith Pirie, Marjorie J Riggan, Ganna Chornokur, Madalene A Earp, Paulo C Lyra, Janet M Lee, Simon Coetzee, Jonathan Beesley, Lesley McGuffog, Penny Soucy, Ed Dicks, Andrew Lee, Daniel Barrowdale, Julie Lecarpentier, Goska Leslie, Cora M Aalfs, Katja K H Aben, Marcia Adams, Julian Adlard, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia Antonenkova, Gerasimos Aravantinos, Norbert Arnold, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Jacopo Azzollini, Judith Balmaña, Susana N Banerjee, Laure Barjhoux, Rosa B Barkardottir, Yukie Bean, Matthias W Beckmann, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Javier Benitez, Marina Bermisheva, Marcus Q Bernardini, Michael J Birrer, Line Bjorge, Amanda Black, Kenneth Blankstein, Marinus J Blok, Clara Bodelon, Natalia Bogdanova, Anders Bojesen, Bernardo Bonanni, Åke Borg, Angela R Bradbury, James D Brenton, Carole Brewer, Louise Brinton, Per Broberg, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Fiona Bruinsma, Joan Brunet, Bruno Buecher, Ralf Butzow, Saundra S Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Maria A Caligo, Ian Campbell, Rikki Cannioto, Michael E Carney, Terence Cescon, Salina B Chan, Jenny Chang-Claude, Stephen Chanock, Xiao Qing Chen, Yoke-Eng Chiew, Jocelyne Chiquette, Wendy K Chung, Kathleen B M Claes, Thomas Conner, Linda S Cook, Jackie Cook, Daniel W Cramer, Julie M Cunningham, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Sakaeva Dina Damirovna, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Fanny Dao, Rosemarie Davidson, Anna DeFazio, Capucine Delnatte, Kimberly F Doheny, Orland Diez, Yuan Chun Ding, Jennifer Anne Doherty, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Laure Dossus, Mercedes Duran, Matthias Dürst, Bernd Dworniczak, Diana Eccles, Todd Edwards, Ros Eeles, Ursula Eilber, Bent Ejlertsen, Arif B Ekici, Steve Ellis, Mingajeva Elvira, Kevin H Eng, Christoph Engel, D Gareth Evans, Peter A Fasching, Sarah Ferguson, Sandra Fert Ferrer, James M Flanagan, Zachary C Fogarty, Renée T Fortner, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, George Fountzilas, Brooke L Fridley, Tara M Friebel, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, María J García, Vanesa Garcia-Barberan, Andrea Gehrig, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Graham G Giles, Rosalind Glasspool, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, David E Goldgar, Teodora Goranova, Martin Gore, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Stephen Gruber, Eric Hahnen, Christopher A Haiman, Niclas Håkansson, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Patricia A Harrington, Holly R Harris, Jan Hauke, Alexander Hein, Alex Henderson, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Peter Hillemanns, Shirley Hodgson, Claus K Høgdall, Estrid Høgdall, Frans B L Hogervorst, Helene Holland, Maartje J Hooning, Karen Hosking, Ruea-Yea Huang, Peter J Hulick, Jillian Hung, David J Hunter, David G Huntsman, Tomasz Huzarski, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Edwin S Iversen, Louise Izatt, Angel Izquierdo, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Mats Jernetz, Allan Jensen, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Sharon Johnatty, Michael E Jones, Päivi Kannisto, Beth Y Karlan, Anthony Karnezis, Karin Kast, Catherine J Kennedy, Elza Khusnutdinova, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Johanna I Kiiski, Sung-Won Kim, Susanne K Kjaer, Martin Köbel, Reidun K Kopperud, Torben A Kruse, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Ava Kwong, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Nerea Larrañaga, Melissa C Larson, Conxi Lazaro, Nhu D Le, Loic Le Marchand, Jong Won Lee, Shashikant B Lele, Arto Leminen, Dominique Leroux, Jenny Lester, Fabienne Lesueur, Douglas A Levine, Dong Liang, Clemens Liebrich, Jenna Lilyquist, Loren Lipworth, Jolanta Lissowska, Karen H Lu, Jan Lubinński, Craig Luccarini, Lene Lundvall, Phuong L Mai, Gustavo Mendoza-Fandiño, Siranoush Manoukian, Leon F A G Massuger, Taymaa May, Sylvie Mazoyer, Jessica N McAlpine, Valerie McGuire, John R McLaughlin, Iain McNeish, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Usha Menon, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Melissa A Merritt, Roger L Milne, Gillian Mitchell, Francesmary Modugno, Joanna Moes-Sosnowska, Melissa Moffitt, Marco Montagna, Kirsten B Moysich, Anna Marie Mulligan, Jacob Musinsky, Katherine L Nathanson, Lotte Nedergaard, Roberta B Ness, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Dieter Niederacher, Robert L Nussbaum, Kunle Odunsi, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Håkan Olsson, Curtis Olswold, David M O'Malley, Kai-Ren Ong, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Nicholas Orr, Sandra Orsulic, Ana Osorio, Domenico Palli, Laura Papi, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, James Paul, Celeste L Pearce, Inge Søkilde Pedersen, Petra H M Peeters, Bernard Peissel, Ana Peixoto, Tanja Pejovic, Liisa M Pelttari, Jennifer B Permuth, Paolo Peterlongo, Lidia Pezzani, Georg Pfeiler, Kelly-Anne Phillips, Marion Piedmonte, Malcolm C Pike, Anna M Piskorz, Samantha R Poblete, Timea Pocza, Elizabeth M Poole, Bruce Poppe, Mary E Porteous, Fabienne Prieur, Darya Prokofyeva, Elizabeth Pugh, Miquel Angel Pujana, Pascal Pujol, Paolo Radice, Johanna Rantala, Christine Rappaport-Fuerhauser, Gad Rennert, Kerstin Rhiem, Patricia Rice, Andrea Richardson, Mark Robson, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Cristina Rodríguez-Antona, Jane Romm, Matti A Rookus, Mary Anne Rossing, Joseph H Rothstein, Anja Rudolph, Ingo B Runnebaum, Helga B Salvesen, Dale P Sandler, Minouk J Schoemaker, Leigha Senter, V Wendy Setiawan, Gianluca Severi, Priyanka Sharma, Tameka Shelford, Nadeem Siddiqui, Lucy E Side, Weiva Sieh, Christian F Singer, Hagay Sobol, Honglin Song, Melissa C Southey, Amanda B Spurdle, Zsofia Stadler, Doris Steinemann, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Rebecca Sutphen, Christian Sutter, Anthony J Swerdlow, Csilla I Szabo, Lukasz Szafron, Yen Y Tan, Jack A Taylor, Muy-Kheng Tea, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo-Hwang Teo, Kathryn L Terry, Pamela J Thompson, Liv Cecilie Vestrheim Thomsen, Darcy L Thull, Laima Tihomirova, Anna V Tinker, Marc Tischkowitz, Silvia Tognazzo, Amanda Ewart Toland, Alicia Tone, Britton Trabert, Ruth C Travis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Nadine Tung, Shelley S Tworoger, Anne M van Altena, David Van Den Berg, Annemarie H van der Hout, Rob B van der Luijt, Mattias Van Heetvelde, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Ana Vega, Digna Velez Edwards, Ignace Vergote, Robert A Vierkant, Joseph Vijai, Athanassios Vratimos, Lisa Walker, Christine Walsh, Dorothea Wand, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Penelope M Webb, Clarice R Weinberg, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Juul T Wijnen, Lynne R Wilkens, Alicja Wolk, Michelle Woo, Xifeng Wu, Anna H Wu, Hannah Yang, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Argyrios Ziogas, Kristin K Zorn, Steven A Narod, Douglas F Easton, Christopher I Amos, Joellen M Schildkraut, Susan J Ramus, Laura Ottini, Marc T Goodman, Sue K Park, Linda E Kelemen, Harvey A Risch, Mads Thomassen, Kenneth Offit, Jacques Simard, Rita Katharina Schmutzler, Dennis Hazelett, Alvaro N Monteiro, Fergus J Couch, Andrew Berchuck, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Ellen L Goode, Thomas A Sellers, Simon A Gayther, Antonis C Antoniou, Paul D P Pharoah
To identify common alleles associated with different histotypes of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), we pooled data from multiple genome-wide genotyping projects totaling 25,509 EOC cases and 40,941 controls. We identified nine new susceptibility loci for different EOC histotypes: six for serous EOC histotypes (3q28, 4q32.3, 8q21.11, 10q24.33, 18q11.2 and 22q12.1), two for mucinous EOC (3q22.3 and 9q31.1) and one for endometrioid EOC (5q12.3). We then performed meta-analysis on the results for high-grade serous ovarian cancer with the results from analysis of 31,448 BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers, including 3,887 mutation carriers with EOC...
March 27, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334380/the-influence-of-sogatella-furcifera-hemiptera-delphacidae-migratory-events-on-the-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-epidemics
#5
Yan Wu, Guo Zhang, Xiao Chen, Xi-Jie Li, Kai Xiong, Shu-Pei Cao, Yan-Yue Hu, Ming-Hong Lu, Wan-Cai Liu, Hoang-Anh Tuan, Guo-Jun Qi, Bao-Ping Zhai
Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) caused serious rice losses. After the first outbreak in 2009 in northern Vietnam and southern China, the virus ravaged crops again on enormous scales in 2010, but infections have decreased sharply since 2011. We presumed that the sudden epidemics and fadeout of SRBSDV would be closely related to the migratory events of the insect vector, Sogatella furcifera. This study sought the source area of SRBSDV using the trajectory analysis method, and revealed the relationship between SRBSDV dynamics and migration of S...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330106/enhanced-production-of-pectinase-by-aspergillus-terreus-ncft-4269-10-using-banana-peels-as-substrate
#6
Bijay Kumar Sethi, Prativa Kumari Nanda, Santilata Sahoo
Aspergillus terreus NCFT4269.10 was implemented in solid-state (SSF) and liquid static surface fermentation (LSSF) for biosynthesis of pectinase. Amongst various substrates, like, mustard oil cake, neem oil cake, groundnut oil cake, black gram peels, green gram peels, chickling vetch peels/grass pea peels wheat bran, pearl millet residues, finger millet waste, broken rice, banana peels (BP), apple pomace (AP) and orange peels, banana peel (Musa paradisiaca L.; Family: Musaceae) was most suitable for pectinase biosynthesis (LSSF: 400 ± 21...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317736/evaluation-of-phenolic-profile-and-antioxidant-capacity-in-gluten-free-flours
#7
Gabriele Rocchetti, Giulia Chiodelli, Gianluca Giuberti, Francesco Masoero, Marco Trevisan, Luigi Lucini
The characterization of phenolic fingerprints in common gluten-free flours is still scarce. Total phenolic and anthocyanin contents, antioxidant capacity and the entire phenolic profile were investigated for extracts from chickpea, sorghum, quinoa, black rice, lentil, amaranth, brown rice, oat and white rice flours, using soft wheat flour as a comparison. The highest phenolic content was found in black rice, followed by quinoa extracts (147.9 and 87.2mg gallic acid equivalents 100g(-1), respectively). Consistently, antioxidant capacity was highest in black rice and quinoa flours (34mmol trolox equivalents 100g(-1)), while anthocyanins were highest in black rice flour...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316473/effect-of-black-rice-powder-on-the-quality-properties-of-pork-patties
#8
Sin-Young Park, Jong-Wan Lee, Gye-Woong Kim, Hack-Youn Kim
Physicochemical properties of pork patties formulated with black rice powder were investigated. Moisture contents of samples containing black rice powder were significantly higher than that of the control (p<0.05). Protein, fat, and ash contents increased with increasing black rice powder content. Uncooked and cooked pH values of samples increased with increasing black rice powder content. Lightness and yellowness of samples decreased with increasing concentration of black rice powder. Redness of cooked samples containing black rice powder was significantly lower than that of the control (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241456/evaluation-of-rice-resistance-to-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-and-rice-ragged-stunt-virus-through-combined-field-tests-quantitative-real-time-pcr-and-proteome-analysis
#9
Zhenchao Wang, Lu Yu, Linhong Jin, Wenli Wang, Qi Zhao, Longlu Ran, Xiangyang Li, Zhuo Chen, Rong Guo, Yongtian Wei, Zhongcheng Yang, Enlong Liu, Deyu Hu, Baoan Song
Diseases caused by southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) and rice ragged stunt virus (RRSV) considerably decrease grain yield. Therefore, determining rice cultivars with high resistance to SRBSDV and RRSV is necessary. In this study, rice cultivars with high resistance to SRBSDV and RRSV were evaluated through field trials in Shidian and Mangshi county, Yunnan province, China. SYBR Green I-based quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis was used to quantitatively detect virus gene expression levels in different rice varieties...
February 22, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221973/a-bioprocessed-polysaccharide-from-lentinus-edodes-mycelia-cultures-with-turmeric-protects-chicks-from-a-lethal-challenge-of-salmonella-gallinarum
#10
Dalmuri Han, Hyung Tae Lee, June Bong Lee, Yongbaek Kim, Sang Jong Lee, Jang Won Yoon
Our previous studies demonstrated that a bioprocessed polysaccharide (BPP) isolated from Lentinus edodes mushroom mycelia cultures supplemented with black rice bran can protect mice against Salmonella lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemia and reduce the mortality from Salmonella Typhimurium infection through upregulated T-helper 1 immunity. Here, we report that a BPP from L. edodes mushroom mycelia liquid cultures supplemented with turmeric (referred to as BPP-turmeric) alters chicken macrophage responses against avian-adapted Salmonella Gallinarum and protects chicks against a lethal challenge from Salmonella Gallinarum...
February 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197819/disparities-in-infant-mortality-by-race-among-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-infants
#11
Whitney S Rice, Samantha S Goldfarb, Anne E Brisendine, Stevie Burrows, Martha S Wingate
OBJECTIVES: U.S.-born Hispanic infants have a well-documented health advantage relative to other minority groups. However, little published research has examined racial heterogeneity within the Hispanic population, in relation to health outcomes. The current study aims to explore possible implications of racial identification for the health of U.S. born Hispanic compared to non-Hispanic infants. Methods Data were drawn from 2007 to 2008 NCHS Cohort Linked Live Birth-Infant Death Files, restricted to deliveries of Hispanic black, Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black (NHB) and non-Hispanic white mothers (NHW) (n = 7,901,858)...
February 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193401/multiresponse-optimization-of-a-uplc-method-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-tryptophan-and-15-tryptophan-derived-compounds-using-a-box-behnken-design-with-a-desirability-function
#12
Widiastuti Setyaningsih, Irfan E Saputro, Ceferino A Carrera, Miguel Palma, Carmelo G Barroso
A Box-Behnken design was used in conjunction with multiresponse optimization based on the desirability function to carry out the simultaneous separation of tryptophan and 15 derivatives by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography. The gradient composition of the mobile phase and the flow rate were optimized with respect to the resolution of severely overlapping chromatographic peaks and the total run time. Two different stationary phases were evaluated (hybrid silica and a solid-core-based C18 column). The methods were validated and a suitable sensitivity was found for all compounds in the concentration range 1-100μgL(-1) (R(2)>0...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187939/responses-of-manure-decomposition-to-nitrogen-addition-role-of-chemical-composition
#13
Yehong Xu, Zengming Chen, Weixin Ding, Jianling Fan
Understanding the interactions among organic manure chemical composition, decomposition and nitrogen (N) fertilization is critical for sustainable agriculture management. Six organic manures were incubated in a cultivated black soil with or without N addition for one year, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from these organic manures were monitored. Chemical compositions of the organic manures were determined by elemental analysis, proximate chemical analysis, and carbon (C)-13 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and evaluated after cupric-oxide oxidation for lignin biomarkers...
February 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183327/characteristics-of-sirnas-derived-from-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-in-infected-rice-and-their-potential-role-in-host-gene-regulation
#14
Donglin Xu, Guohui Zhou
BACKGROUND: Virus-derived siRNAs (vsiRNAs)-mediated RNA silencing plays important roles in interaction between plant viruses and their hosts. Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) is a newly emerged devastating rice reovirus with ten dsRNA genomic segments. The characteristics of SRBSDV-derived siRNAs and their biological implications in SRBSDV-rice interaction remain unexplored. METHODS: VsiRNAs profiling from SRBSDV-infected rice samples was done via small RNA deep sequencing...
February 10, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124144/interaction-between-southern-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-minor-core-protein-p8-and-a-rice-zinc-finger-transcription-factor
#15
Jing Li, Nian-Jun Cai, Jin Xue, Jian Yang, Jian-Ping Chen, Heng-Mu Zhang
The fijivirus southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV) causes one of the most serious viral diseases of rice in China and Vietnam. To better understand the molecular basis of SRBSDV infection, a yeast two-hybrid screen of a rice cDNA library was carried out using P8, a minor core protein of SRBSDV, as the bait. A rice Cys2His2-type zinc finger protein (OsZFP) was found to interact with SRBSDV P8. A strong interaction between SRBSDV P8 and OsZFP was then confirmed by pull-down assays, and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays showed that the in vivo interaction was specifically localized in the nucleus of plant cells...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079775/association-of-hospital-volume-with-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-treatment
#16
Shitanshu Uppal, Christina Chapman, Ryan J Spencer, Shruti Jolly, Kate Maturen, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain, Marcela G delCarmen, Laurel W Rice
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate racial-ethnic disparities in guideline-based care in locally advanced cervical cancer and their relationship to hospital case volume. METHODS: Using the National Cancer Database, we performed a retrospective cohort study of women diagnosed between 2004 and 2012 with locally advanced squamous or adenocarcinoma of the cervix undergoing definitive primary radiation therapy. The primary outcome was the race-ethnicity-based rates of adherence to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guideline-based care...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036014/germinated-thai-black-rice-extract-protects-experimental-diabetic-rats-from-oxidative-stress-and-other-diabetes-related-consequences
#17
Chaiyavat Chaiyasut, Bhagavathi Sundaram Sivamaruthi, Noppawat Pengkumsri, Waranya Keapai, Periyanaina Kesika, Manee Saelee, Parichart Tojing, Sasithorn Sirilun, Khontaros Chaiyasut, Sartjin Peerajan, Narissara Lailerd
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM), particularly type 2 DM (T2DM), is one of the most common metabolic disorder worldwide. The prevention measures and treatment strategies for DM are improving steadily. The current study explains the impact of germination on phytochemical content of Thai black rice (BR), and the influence of germinated BR extract (GBRE) supplementation on diabetic conditions in rats. Methods: BR was germinated and the phenolic, anthocyanin, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) content of the extract were analyzed using HPLC and spectrophotometric methods...
December 28, 2016: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028095/behavioral-responses-of-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae-to-visual-stimuli-under-laboratory-semifield-and-field-conditions
#18
Kevin B Rice, Brent D Short, Sharon K Jones, Tracy C Leskey
Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is an invasive pest in North America and Europe that attacks soft-skinned ripening fruit such as raspberries, blackberries, and blueberries. Little is known regarding the specific cues D. suzukii utilizes to locate and select host fruit, and inconsistencies in trap performance indicate the need for the development of improved monitoring and management techniques for this insect. Our studies focused on identifying attractive visual cues for adult D. suzukii and incorporating these cues into a potential attract-and-kill tactic for D...
December 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979138/varieties-production-composition-and-health-benefits-of-vinegars-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Chin Wai Ho, Azwan Mat Lazim, Shazrul Fazry, Umi Kalsum Hj Hussain Zaki, Seng Joe Lim
Vinegars are liquid products produced from the alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentation of carbohydrate sources. They have been used as remedies in many cultures and have been reported to provide beneficial health effects when consumed regularly. Such benefits are due to various types of polyphenols, micronutrients and other bioactive compounds found in vinegars that contribute to their pharmacological effects, among them, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidative, antiobesity and antihypertensive effects...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976810/jasmonic-acid-mediated-defense-suppresses-brassinosteroid-mediated-susceptibility-to-rice-black-streaked-dwarf-virus-infection-in-rice
#20
Yuqing He, Hehong Zhang, Zongtao Sun, Junmin Li, Gaojie Hong, Qisong Zhu, Xuebiao Zhou, Stuart MacFarlane, Fei Yan, Jianping Chen
Plant hormones play a vital role in plant immune responses. However, in contrast to the relative wealth of information on hormone-mediated immunity in dicot plants, little information is available on monocot-virus defense systems. We used a high-throughput-sequencing approach to compare the global gene expression of Rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV)-infected rice plants with that of healthy plants. Exogenous hormone applications and transgenic rice were used to test RBSDV infectivity and pathogenicity...
April 2017: New Phytologist
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