Read by QxMD icon Read

Depression and pain and manipulation

Fenan S Rassu, Hans R Linsenbardt, Sherecce A Fields, Mary W Meagher
Chronic pain patients display elevated risk behavior on decision-making tasks, as well as increased health risk behaviors (e.g., smoking, prescription opioid abuse). Determining pain's effect on underlying cognitive processes that are associated with risk behavior is confounded by comorbidities linked with chronic pain, including depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. Therefore, to understand pain's effect on delay discounting, a behavioral process assessing the extent to which outcomes are devalued as a function of their delay, the present study evaluated the effect of laboratory pain on delay discounting in healthy young adults (N = 85)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Katherine Cone, Janell Lanpher, Abigail Kinens, Philomena Richard, Sarah Couture, Rebecca Brackin, Emily Payne, Kylee Harrington, Kenner C Rice, Glenn W Stevenson
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although delta/mu receptor interactions vary as a function of behavioral endpoint, there have been no assessments of these interactions using assays of pain-depressed responding. This is the first report of delta/mu interactions using an assay of pain-depressed behavior. METHODS: A mult-cycle FR10 operant schedule was utilized in the presence of (nociception) and in the absence of (rate suppression) a lactic acid inflammatory pain-like manipulation...
March 23, 2018: Psychopharmacology
Mary L Forte, Michele Maiers
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify self-reported differences in function, comorbidities, and medical service utilization among adults who reported using chiropractic and/or osteopathic manipulation in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey, and to compare these between older and younger adults. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive study of adults aged 18 or older who were included in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey and the Alternative Medicine Questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Jose Luis Alonso-Perez, Almudena Lopez-Lopez, Roy La Touche, Sergio Lerma-Lara, Emilio Suarez, Javier Rojas, Mark D Bishop, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Josué Fernández-Carnero
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which psychological factors interact with a particular manual therapy (MT) technique to induce hypoalgesia in healthy subjects. METHODS: Seventy-five healthy volunteers (36 female, 39 males), were recruited in this double-blind, controlled and parallel study. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive: High velocity low amplitude technique (HVLA), joint mobilization, or Cervical Lateral glide mobilization (CLGM)...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
P Ault, A Plaza, J Paratz
BACKGROUND: Scar massage is used in burn units globally to improve functional and cosmetic outcomes of hypertrophic scarring following a burn, however, the evidence to support this therapy is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature and assess the efficacy of scar massage in hypertrophic burn scars. METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library were searched using the key words "burn", "burn injury", "thermal injury" and "scar", "hypertrophic scar" and "massage", "manipulation", "soft tissue mobilisation", "soft tissue manipulation"...
June 29, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Mariagrazia D'Ippolito, Marco Tramontano, Maria Gabriella Buzzi
Context: The substantial functional impairment associated with migraine has both physical and emotional ramifications. Mood disorders are often comorbid in patients with migraine and are known to adversely affect migraine activity. Objectives: To explore the effects of osteopathic manipulative therapy (OMTh; manipulative care provided by foreign-trained osteopaths) on pain and mood disorders in patients with high-frequency migraine. Methods: Retrospective review of the medical records of patients with high-frequency migraine who were treated with OMTh at the Headache Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Fondazione Santa Lucia from 2011 to 2015...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Jennifer M Mundt, Daniela Roditi, Michael E Robinson
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated the efficacy of analgesic placebos. The manner in which they are usually delivered deceptively raises questions about their impact on recipients. However, there has been little empirical investigation into the potential harms of analgesic placebo. Moreover, the role of deception in determining the magnitude of analgesic placebo response remains poorly understood. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the consequences of deceptive placebo analgesia in terms of ethical/psychological effects and efficacy...
April 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Carlos Rodrigues Almeida, Emília Milheiro Francisco, Vítor Pinho-Oliveira, José Pedro Assunção
OBJECTIVE: We present a series of 3 cases in which the impact in outcome was, first of all, related to the capacity to offer early and safer treatment to some hip fracture high-risk patients using a fascia iliaca block (FIB; ropivacaine 0,5% 20 cc and mepivacaine 1,3% 15 cc, given 30 minutes before incision) associated only with deep sedation, contributing to better practice and outcome. CASE REPORTS: All elderly patients were American Society of Anesthesiologists IV patients, under P2Y12 receptor inhibitors, suffering from an intertrochanteric fracture, and purposed for intramedullary femoral fixation (IMF)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Sohita Dhillon
Hydrocodone bitartrate extended-release (Hysingla(®) ER; referred to hereafter as hydrocodone ER) was the first single-entity hydrocodone formulation recognized by the US FDA as having abuse-deterrent properties. It is indicated for the management of pain severe enough to require daily, around-the-clock, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment options are inadequate. Once-daily oral hydrocodone ER provides consistent plasma hydrocodone concentrations and sustained analgesia over the 24-h dosing interval...
November 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Victoria J Madden, Leslie N Russek, Daniel S Harvie, Johan W S Vlaeyen, G Lorimer Moseley
Objective: Associative learning has been proposed as a mechanism behind the persistence of pain after tissue healing. The simultaneous occurrence of nociceptive and non-nociceptive input during acute injury mimics the pairings thought to drive classical conditioning effects. However, empirical evidence for classically conditioned allodynia is lacking. We aimed to manipulate pain thresholds with a classical conditioning procedure that used non-nociceptive somatosensory stimuli as conditioned stimuli (CS) and nociceptive stimuli as unconditioned stimuli...
July 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Neil C Lax, Kh Tanvir Ahmed, Christopher M Ignatz, Carmenza Spadafora, Benedict J Kolber, Kevin J Tidgewell
CONTEXT: Marine cyanobacteria offer a robust resource for natural products drug discovery due to the secondary metabolites they produce. OBJECTIVE: To identify novel cyanobacterial compounds that exhibit CNS psychoactive effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cyanobacteria were collected from Las Perlas Archipelago, Panama and subjected to dichloromethane/methanol extraction and fractionation by column chromatography before being screened for affinity against a panel of CNS targets...
November 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Marco Annoni, Franklin G Miller
In this article we explore the ethics of manipulating verbal information for the sake of influencing health outcomes through placebo and nocebo responses. Recent scientific research on placebo and nocebo effects has drawn attention to the ways in which communication by health professionals may modulate the symptoms of patients across an array of highly prevalent conditions such as pain, depression, anxiety, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, and Parkinson's disease. The positive and negative effects of clinicians' communication on patient outcomes pose important ethical issues, which we describe in this article under the label of "the ethics of therapeutic communication" (TC)...
March 2016: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
John C Licciardone, Robert J Gatchel, Subhash Aryal
CONTEXT: Little is known about recovery after spinal manipulation in patients with low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: To assess recovery from chronic LBP after a short regimen of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in a responder analysis of the OSTEOPAThic Health outcomes In Chronic low back pain (OSTEOPATHIC) Trial. METHODS: A randomized double-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted to determine the efficacy of 6 OMT sessions over 8 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
M John Petrozzi, Andrew Leaver, Mairwen K Jones, Paulo H Ferreira, Sidney M Rubinstein, Martin G Mackey
BACKGROUND: Various interventions are available for the treatment of chronic low back pain (LBP), including Manual Therapy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the addition of an internet-based CBT program leads to better outcomes in patients who are treated with multimodal manual therapy for chronic LBP. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial comparing a combined intervention, consisting of internet-based CBT utilising MoodGYM plus multimodal manual therapy, to multimodal manual therapy alone for patients with chronic LBP...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Emily Warner, Rebecca Krivitsky, Katherine Cone, Phillip Atherton, Travis Pitre, Janell Lanpher, Denise Giuvelis, Ivy Bergquist, Tamara King, Edward J Bilsky, Glenn W Stevenson
There has been recent interest in characterizing the effects of pain-like states on motivated behaviors in order to quantify how pain modulates goal-directed behavior and the persistence of that behavior. The current set of experiments assessed the effects of an incisional postoperative pain manipulation on food-maintained responding under a progressive-ratio (PR) operant schedule. Independent variables included injury state (plantar incision or anesthesia control) and reinforcer type (grain pellet or sugar pellet); dependent variables were tactile sensory thresholds and response breakpoint...
December 2015: Drug Development Research
S Stevens Negus, Bradley Neddenriep, Ahmad A Altarifi, F Ivy Carroll, Michael D Leitl, Laurence L Miller
Pain-related functional impairment and behavioral depression are diagnostic indicators of pain and targets for its treatment. Nesting is an innate behavior in mice that may be sensitive to pain manipulations and responsive to analgesics. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a procedure for evaluation of pain-related depression of nesting in mice. Male ICR mice were individually housed and tested in their home cages. On test days, a 5- × 5-cm Nestlet was subdivided into 6 pieces, the pieces were evenly distributed on the cage floor, and Nestlet consolidation was quantified during 100-minute sessions...
June 2015: Pain
Dorit Gamus
This article assesses the evidence for effectiveness, adverse effects and cost-effectiveness of complementary therapies, as reflected in publications in high impact factor medical journals during the years 2012-2014. The search detected 13 randomized controlled studies (RCTs) and 14 meta-analyses, which collectively assessed results of 191 RCTs involving the participation of several thousand patients. Pain was the major focus of acupuncture research in both clinical and fMRI studies, which demonstrated that the effect of acupuncture is beyond the placebo effect...
January 2015: Harefuah
Ibrahim M Moustafa, Aliaa A Diab
The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate and long-term effects of a one-year multimodal program, with the addition of upper cervical manipulative therapy, on fibromyalgia management outcomes in addition to three-dimensional (3D) postural measures. This randomized clinical trial with one-year follow-up was completed at the research laboratory of our university. A total of 120 (52 female) patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and definite C1-2 joint dysfunction were randomly assigned to the control or an experimental group...
July 2015: Rheumatology International
Rajendrakumar C Patel, Hemant Goyal, Ahmed I Shah, Jalal K Ghali
INTRODUCTION: Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is an inflammatory process, affecting 15% to 20% of patients, after surgery involving pleura, pericardium, or both. The role of electrocardiogram (ECG) in diagnosing PPS is uncertain because ECG is rarely normal (especially after cardiac surgery). We report a case of PPS that presented initially with localized ST-segment elevation and also discuss proposed mechanisms. CLINICAL CASE: A 60-year-old White man presented to the emergency department (ED) after having chest pain, shortness of breath, and palpitation for approximately 2 hours...
August 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"