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Double Chambered Left Ventricle

Gopal C Ghosh, Anoop G Alex, Paul V George
Double-chambered left ventricle is a rare cardiac anomaly. We report a case of double-chambered left ventricle in a one-and-half-year-old asymptomatic boy. We depict the use of three-dimensional echocardiography in the demonstration and diagnosis of the condition.
April 5, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
Lotte C Franken, Manouk Admiraal, Charlotte E Verrall, Diana Zannino, Julian G Ayer, Ajay J Iyengar, Andrew D Cole, Gary F Sholler, Yves D'Udekem, David S Winlaw
OBJECTIVES: In 2 subtypes of functional single ventricle, double inlet left ventricle (DILV) and tricuspid atresia with transposed great arteries (TA-TGA), systemic output passes through an outflow chamber before entering the aorta. Intracardiac obstruction to this pathway causing systemic outflow tract obstruction (SOTO) may be present at birth or develop over time. Long-term survival after Fontan has not been defined. We defined outcomes utilizing records from 2 centres that were cross-checked with data from a bi-national Fontan Registry for completeness and accuracy...
March 4, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Kenji Harada, Kazuhiro Mori, Chiyo Ichimiya, Naho Terada, Tsutomu Iima, Takafumi Harada, Kazutoshi Fujisawa, Atsushi Kawata, Ayumi Okada, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Fujinaga
Double-chambered left ventricle (DCLV) is a particularly rare congenital entity characterized by the presence of two ventricular cavities separated by an abnormal muscle band. An asymptomatic 15-year-old boy was referred to our hospital because of electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities. His initial transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated a DCLV with mild left ventricular systolic dysfunction. During a 5-year follow-up period, he remained symptom free with no changes in ECG and conventional TTE findings...
March 14, 2017: Echocardiography
Kanupriya Chaturvedi, Deepa Prasad, Ravi Ashwath, James P Strainic, Christopher S Snyder
Isolated left subclavian artery is one of the rarer aortic arch anomalies. It has been associated with other congenital heart diseases, typically tetralogy of Fallot, double-outlet right ventricle, and atrial and ventricular septal defects. Its significant clinical implications include a left-to-right shunt from the vertebrobasilar system, which causes pulmonary overcirculation and subclavian steal. We present an unusual case of a premature infant who was diagnosed prenatally with congenital complete atrioventricular block and tricuspid atresia and was found to have an isolated left subclavian artery postnatally...
December 2016: Texas Heart Institute Journal
Carmen Hrymak, Johann Strumpher, Eric Jacobsohn
Caring for the critically ill patient with acute right ventricle (RV) failure is a diagnostic and management challenge. A thorough understanding of normal RV anatomy and physiology is essential to manage RV failure. Despite the fact that the RV is essentially a volume chamber that ejects into a low-pressure system, the left ventricle contributes significantly to RV function through maintenance of the transseptal gradient (TSG). Preserving systemic mean arterial pressure maintains the TSG and RV perfusion. Various pathological states cause acute RV failure by decreasing the TSG and RV perfusion and/or increasing pulmonary vascular resistance...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Tomasz Nałęcz, Bartłomiej Mroziński, Tomasz Moszura, Michał Wojtalik
The paper presents the management of a child born with pulmonary valve atresia, a single (double-inlet) ventricle, right ventricular hypoplasia, and perimembranous septal defect. The first stage of treatment consisted in a Blalock-Taussig shunt. Control angiography performed 1 year after surgery confirmed that the anastomosis was correct, and there was no narrowing at the connection. The first stage of treatment was complicated by the occlusion of the left pulmonary artery, as diagnosed during cardiac catheterization before the planned bidirectional Glenn anastomosis...
September 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Pei Ma, Shi Gu, Ganga H Karunamuni, Michael W Jenkins, Michiko Watanabe, Andrew M Rollins
Cardiac neural crest cell (CNCC) ablation creates congenital heart defects (CHDs) that resemble those observed in many syndromes with craniofacial and cardiac consequences. The loss of CNCCs causes a variety of great vessel defects, including persistent truncus arteriosus and double-outlet right ventricle. However, because of the lack of quantitative volumetric measurements, less severe defects, such as great vessel size changes and valve defects, have not been assessed. Also poorly understood is the role of abnormal cardiac function in the progression of CNCC-related CHDs...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Muhittin Demirel, Cüneyt Toprak, Mehmet Mustafa Tabakçı, Lütfi Öcal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Meki Bilici, Fikri Demir, Alper Akın, Abdülmenap Güzel, Osman Akdeniz, İlhan Tan
Double-chambered left ventricle (DCLV) is a rare congenital abnormality in which the left ventricle is divided into two separate chambers by a septum or anomalous muscular structure. The chambers are observed mostly parallel to each other without stenosis, and less frequently in a superior-inferior arrangement. An asymptomatic girl is presented here who was diagnosed with DCLV on echocardiographic examination that was performed for the evaluation of cardiac murmur detected by a pediatrician. She has been followed up without treatment...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Echocardiography
Fumiaki Kimura, Sentarou Nakanishi, Hiroyuki Kamiya
A 61-year-old man presented with lower leg edema, left-sided parasternal systolic heart murmur, and electrocardiographic abnormalities. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed myocardial hypertrophy and severe obstruction of the outflow tract of the right ventricle (RV) with a gradient of 134 mmHg. Cardiac catheterization confirmed the presence of double chambered right ventricle, with a pressure gradient of 84 mmHg between RV inlet and outlet. Chest computed tomography showed his aortic root enlarged to 55 mm...
May 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
D Mandich Crovetto, S Alonso Charterina, C Jiménez López-Guarch, M Pont Vilalta, M Pérez Núñez, A de Pablo Gafas, P Escribano Subías
OBJECTIVE: To use multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to evaluate the structural changes in the right heart and pulmonary arteries that occur in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension treated by double lung transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 21 consecutive patients diagnosed with severe pulmonary hypertension who underwent double lung transplantation at our center between 2010 and 2014. We analyzed the last MDCT study done before lung transplantation and the first MDCT study done after lung transplantation...
July 2016: Radiología
Maike Prütz, Stephan Hungerbühler, Michael Fehr, Karina Mathes
25 formalin-fixed hearts of different tortoise species (Testudinidae) underwent gross-anatomical examination. The aim of the study was to illustrate the specific anatomy of the heart of these species in comparison to the data available in the literature. The examined tortoises showed the well-known basic structure of a reptile heart with two atria and a ventricle composed of three interconnected chambers. The right atrium was consistently slightly larger than the left atrium. The atrioventricular (AV-) valves emerged as double-flap valves, whereby the lateral leaflets were only present in a rudimentary form...
March 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
Keisuke Shioji, Takashi Kurita, Takafumi Kawai, Takashi Uegaito, Koichiro Motoki, Mitsuo Matsuda, Shunichi Miyazaki
We herein describe an adult case of double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) with symptomatic drug-intolerant paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAf). The woman was referred to undergo radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and mapping of the pulmonary veins (PVs) demonstrated that a spontaneous spike potential originating from the left inferior PV (LIPV) induced sustained Af in the second procedure. Accordingly, the LIPV was regarded as the arrhythmogenic PV. Since complete isolation of the PVs, the sinus rhythm has been maintained for at least two years...
2016: Internal Medicine
Jayitri Mazumdar, Rakesh Sarkar, Anusha Badveli, Biswajit Majumder
Cardiovascular abnormality is the most consistent finding and occur in almost 80 % of all Williams syndrome (WS). Although a number of cardiovascular defects are common to WS, the majority presents in some form of arterial stenosis whereas supravalvular aortic stenosis is the most common one. Here we describe a 12 year old boy with elfin facies, presenting with urinary incontinence and a systolic murmur in right upper parasternal region. Echocardiography showed presence of double chambered right ventricle (DCRV) along with supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) and coronary artery aneurysms, left pulmonary artery stenosis and multiple bladder diverticula in CT abdomen...
2016: SpringerPlus
Theodoros Karonis, Giancarlo Scognamiglio, Sonya V Babu-Narayan, Claudia Montanaro, Anselm Uebing, Gerhard P Diller, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Lorna Swan, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Michael A Gatzoulis, Wei Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with small ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are thought to have excellent long-term survival, although complications may not be uncommon. METHODS: We identified all patients aged ≥ 16 years with native isolated VSD between January 2000 and September 2013. Clinical outcomes were retrospectively reviewed. Transthoracic echocardiograms performed within 2 years of last assessment were reviewed for hemodynamic sequelae. RESULTS: Two-hundred-and-thirty-one patients, 100 (43%) male, mean age at last follow-up 34 ± 13 years were studied...
April 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Roland Hetzer, Paul Hacke, Mariano Javier, Oliver Miera, Katharina Schmitt, Yuguo Weng, Eva Maria Delmo Walter
OBJECTIVE: We describe a repertoire of repair techniques according to type of Ebstein's anomaly to correct tricuspid valve (TV) incompetence, and report long-term ventricular function and functional outcomes. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients (mean age, 26.9 ± 7.3 years) with Ebstein's anomaly (type A, n = 21; type B, n = 23; type C, n = 15; type D, n = 9) underwent correction of TV incompetence under normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. The atrialized ventricle, TV, and subvalvar apparatus were inspected to analyze the precise morphology and determine which leaflet was the most mobile...
November 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Zeinelabdien Elsherif, Naveed Mahmood, Shazia Jamil, Hadeel Wagas
A single ventricle is a rare congenital heart disease that accounts for less than 1% of all congenital heart diseases. A woman was assessed in our obstetric clinic for the first time at the gestational age of 28 weeks and found to have placental bleeding. She also had complex congenital heart disease and atrial fibrillation requiring anticoagulation. Echocardiography revealed double-inlet single ventricle with right and left atrioventricular valves entering into this chamber and levo-transposition of the great arteries...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Giuseppina Novo, Gregory Dendramis, Gianluca Marrone, Salvatore Novo, Gaetano Thiene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
S A M Said, C H J M Ticheler, C M Stassen, A Derks, H T Droste
A 70-year-old woman with symptomatic Mobitz type II atrioventricular block underwent implantation of a dual-chamber pacemaker 11 years ago. The leads were inserted through a percutaneous puncture of the right subclavian vein, using standard techniques. Both leads were passive fixation leads. Due to battery failure and end of life criteria, the pulse generator (PG) had been routinely replaced six years previously. Predischarge pacemaker control revealed normal pacing, sensing thresholds and impedance for both leads...
March 2005: Netherlands Heart Journal
Stefano L Masia, Giuseppe D Sanna, Gildo Matta, Andrea Balata, Guglielmo Padua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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