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Left Ventricular Aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049818/dor-procedure-for-pulmonary-atresia-with-intact-ventricular-septum-in-an-infant
#1
Yoonjin Kang, Jae Gun Kwak, Eung Rae Kim, Woong-Han Kim
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation confers a high risk for myocardial infarction and complications of ischaemia, including left ventricle aneurysms. We describe an infant with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation and a left ventricle apical aneurysm who successfully underwent the Dor procedure and a subsequent Fontan operation. Surgery for postinfarction left ventricle aneurysm can be considered in infants...
September 2, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035991/myocardial-perfusion-spect-and-cardiac-mr-correlative-imaging
#2
Ashley E Prosper, Patrick M Colletti
An institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 55 patients who received cardiac MRI within 1 year of myocardial SPECT was performed. Forty-nine demonstrated myocardial infarction by MRI. MRI and SPECT agreed in all but 1 case, where SPECT preceded MRI by 97 days. Three cases are presented here: 2 demonstrating congruent MRI and SPECT changes in a vascular distribution status post infarction and a third with a nonvascular pattern of abnormalities related to left ventricular aneurysm in cardiac sarcoidosis...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033755/a-rare-case-of-submitral-left-ventricular-aneurysms
#3
Zara Wani, Meenaxi Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029074/multimodality-imaging-evaluation-of-chagas-disease-an-expert-consensus-of-brazilian-cardiovascular-imaging-department-dic-and-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-eacvi
#4
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Luigi Paolo Badano, J Antonio Marin-Neto, Thor Edvardsen, Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Bogdan A Popescu, Richard Underwood, Gilbert Habib, Jose Luis Zamorano, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Fernando A Botoni, Márcia Melo Barbosa, Marcio Vinicius L Barros, Eduardo Falqueto, Marcus Vinicius Simões, André Schmidt, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Manoel Otávio Costa Rocha, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Patrizio Lancellotti
Aims: To develop a document by Brazilian Cardiovascular Imaging Department (DIC) and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) to review and summarize the most recent evidences about the non-invasive assessment of patients with Chagas disease, with the intent to set up a framework for standardized cardiovascular imaging to assess cardiovascular morphologic and functional disturbances, as well as to guide the subsequent process of clinical decision-making. Methods and results: Chagas disease remains one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in Latin America, and has become a health problem in non-endemic countries...
September 25, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016369/newly-developed-left-ventricular-apical-thrombus-under-dabigatran-treatment
#5
Adem Adar, Orhan Onalan, Fahri Cakan
: Left ventricular (LV) thrombi are mostly formed in the aneurysmal or akinetic segment of the LV apex. Thromboembolism to the brain is usually fatal. There is not enough information available regarding the use of these new oral anticoagulant agents in LV thrombi. In this case, we present a 56-year-old male patient who was given dabigatran (150 mg, twice a day) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after experiencing anterior myocardial infarction. During the use of dabigatran, thrombus formation, which was not present earlier, was observed in the LV apical aneurysm...
October 7, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993037/reversible-stress-cardiomyopathy-secondary-to-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#6
Konstantinos Lampropoulos, Evangelos Giannoulis, Bazoukis George, Gary Tse, Epameinondas Triantafyllou, Athanasios Triantafyllou
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebral incidents have been correlated with cardiac manifestations. Specifically, subarachnoid hemorrhage has been correlated with a syndrome described as neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy and mimics acute coronary syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old woman presented at the Emergency Department of our hospital complaining of vomiting and headache of sudden onset. Computed tomography angiography revealed a ruptured aneurysm at the tip of the basilar artery and the patient underwent a successful complete embolism of the sac of the aneurysm...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987840/endovascular-treatment-of-ruptured-vertebrobasilar-dissecting-aneurysms-using-flow-diversion-embolization-devices-single-institution-experience
#7
Waldo R Guerrero, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez, Minako Hayakawa, Colin P Derdeyn, James D Rossen, David Hasan, Edgar A Samaniego
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of ruptured posterior circulation dissecting aneurysms is technically challenging with potentially high morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the safety and feasibility of using a flow diversion devices (FDD) and a specific acute antiplatelet aggregation protocol in the management of ruptured dissecting aneurysms. METHODS: Subjects with ruptured dissecting aneurysms treated during a three-year period were retrospectively identified from a prospective registry...
October 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986350/post-myocardial-infarction-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-diagnosed-incidentally-by-echocardiography
#8
Rienzi Díaz-Navarro, Petros Nihoyannopoulos
A 54-year-old male developed a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (Ps) along the lateral wall of the left ventricle (LV), which was diagnosed incidentally by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) 6 months after an acute myocardial infarction. Color flow imaging (CFI) showed blood flow from the LV into the aneurysmal cavity and invasive coronary angiography revealed sub-occlusion of the circumflex artery. A complementary study using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) confirmed a dilated left ventricle with depressed ejection fraction, thin dyskinetic anterolateral and inferolateral walls, a Ps adjacent to the lateral wall of the LV contained by the pericardium and blood passing in and out through a small defect in the LV mid-anterolateral wall...
December 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954754/multimodality-cardiac-imaging-of-submitral-left-ventricular-aneurysm-with-concurrent-descending-aorta-mycotic-aneurysm
#9
Hazrini Abdullah, Kam Jiyen, Norliza Othman
We present a case of a 20-year-old Malay man with underlying tuberculous (TB) lymphadenitis who presented with shortness of breath and found to have submitral left ventricular aneurysm (SLVA). SLVA is well recognised but rare. Incidence of SLVA in Malay has never been documented. This is the first reported case of SLVA in Malays with concomitant thoracic aorta mycotic aneurysm. TB has been reported to be associated with SLVA. Treatment is either surgical or conservative. Imaging is required for diagnosis and preoperative assessment...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953006/cardiac-auscultation-for-noncardiologists-application-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-part-i-patients-after-acute-coronary-syndromes-and-heart-failure
#10
Leonida Compostella, Caterina Compostella, Nicola Russo, Tiziana Setzu, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
During outpatient cardiac rehabilitation after an acute coronary syndrome or after an episode of congestive heart failure, a careful, periodic evaluation of patients' clinical and hemodynamic status is essential. Simple and traditional cardiac auscultation could play a role in providing useful prognostic information.Reduced intensity of the first heart sound (S1), especially when associated with prolonged apical impulse and the appearance of added sounds, may help identify left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or conduction disturbances, sometimes associated with transient myocardial ischemia...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950330/long-term-results-of-balloon-angioplasty-for-native-coarctation-of-the-aorta-in-childhood-in-comparison-with-surgery
#11
Elles J Dijkema, Gert-Jan T Sieswerda, Tim Takken, Tim Leiner, Paul H Schoof, Felix Haas, Jan L M Strengers, Martijn G Slieker
OBJECTIVES: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) can be treated either surgically or with balloon angioplasty (BA). Long-term follow-up for either treatment has been limited. Our objective was to compare long-term results of BA and surgery for treatment of native CoA in childhood. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with native CoA treated with BA or surgery between 3 months and 16 years of age. Forty-eight patients filled out questionnaires and approved review of their medical records...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947633/post-myocardial-infarction-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-diagnosed-incidentally-by-echocardiography
#12
Rienzi Diaz-Navarro, Petros Nihoyannopoulos
A 54-year-old man developed a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (Ps) along the lateral wall of the left ventricle (LV), which was diagnosed incidentally by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) 6 months after an acute myocardial infarction. Colour flow imaging (CFI) showed blood flow from the LV into the aneurysmal cavity and invasive coronary angiography revealed sub-occlusion of the circumflex artery. A complementary study using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) confirmed a dilated left ventricle with depressed ejection fraction, thin dyskinetic anterolateral and inferolateral walls, a Ps adjacent to the lateral wall of the LV contained by the pericardium, and blood passing in and out through a small defect in the LV mid-anterolateral wall...
September 25, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944173/hypertrophic-obstructive-cardiomyopathy-the-mayo-clinic-experience
#13
Kunal D Kotkar, Sameh M Said, Joseph A Dearani, Hartzell V Schaff
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a primary myocardial disease characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of other etiologies. Clinical presentation may vary from asymptomatic to sudden cardiac death. Medical treatment is the first-line therapy for symptomatic patients. Extended left ventricular septal myectomy is the procedure of choice if medical treatment is unsuccessful or intolerable. MAYO CLINIC EXPERIENCE: More than 3,000 patients have had septal myectomy for HCM at the Mayo Clinic (MN, USA) from 1993 to 2016...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928581/a-comparative-study-of-intravenous-esmolol-labetalol-and-lignocaine-in-low-doses-for-attenuation-of-sympathomimetic-responses-to-laryngoscopy-and-endotracheal-intubation
#14
Ekta Ratnani, Om Prakash Sanjeev, Abhishek Singh, Manoj Tripathi, Hemant Kumar Chourasia
BACKGROUND: Direct layngoscopy and endotracheal intubation is a noxious stimuli and induces sympathomimetic responses. Although well tolerated in healthy subjects, it may impose life threatening arrhythmias, left ventricular failure or rupture of cerebral aneurysm in susceptible patients. Esmolol, Labetalol and Lignocaine attenuate these responses but are associated with side effects of bradycardia, hypotension etc. In lower doses, chances of these side effects are comparatively low. So we designed this prospective clinical trial to assess the efficacy of intravenous esmolol, labetalol and lignocaine in low doses for attenuation of sympathomimetic responses to endotracheal intubation...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914839/-off-pump-left-ventricular-reconstruction-for-giant-aneurysm-in-patient-with-low-myocardial-capacity
#15
A V Molochkov, I A Alekseev, V V Murylev, M A Bugrimova, K A Arakelyan, R A Rymarchuk, O A Rafaelova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914638/long-term-risk-and-predictors-of-cardiovascular-death-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease-the-coronor-study
#16
Christophe Bauters, Olivier Tricot, Thibaud Meurice, Nicolas Lamblin
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge on the residual risk of cardiovascular death (CVD) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) who receive modern secondary prevention. Our aim was to analyze the causes of death and to determine predictors of CVD in the 5-year CORONOR registry. METHODS: We studied 4184 consecutive CAD outpatients who were free from any myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary revascularization for more than 1 year at inclusion. Antithrombotics were prescribed in 99%, statins in 92%, inhibitors of renin-angiotensin system in 82%, and β-blockers in 79%; 86% had prior coronary revascularization...
September 13, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892213/evaluation-of-longitudinal-and-radial-left-ventricular-functions-using-two-and-three-dimensional-echocardiography-before-and-after-intravenous-immunoglobulin-administration-in-patients-with-acute-kawasaki-disease
#17
Ikuo Hashimoto, Yu Saitou, Nao Sakata, Ko Shibata
BACKGROUND: The relationship between left ventricular (LV) function and longitudinal or radial contraction has not yet been elucidated in patients with acute Kawasaki disease (KD), especially before and after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) administration. METHODS: We studied 28 KD patients without coronary aneurysms (average 3.2 years). The LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), end-systolic volume (LVESV), stroke volume (LVSV), and ejection fraction (LVEF) were assessed using three-dimensional echocardiography before IVIG, after IVIG administration, and in the convalescent phase...
September 11, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890066/ascending-aorta-endovascular-repair-of-a-symptomatic-penetrating-atherosclerotic-ulcer-with-a-custom-made-endo-graft
#18
Theodoros Kratimenos, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Dimitrios Tomais, Michalis Argiriou
BACKGROUND: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has become lately the procedure of choice in the treatment of most pathologies of descending thoracic aorta. Aortic arch aneurysms also came to be treated by TEVAR with various hybrid techniques or custom made scalloped/fenestrated stent-grafts. Zone 0; ascending TEVAR is more challenging than TEVAR of the descending thoracic aorta or aortic arch because of the more complex pathology, hemodynamics, and anatomy. Ascending TEVAR can be a lifesaving treatment in selected high surgical risk patients...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868316/a-rare-and-late-complication-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-explantation
#19
George Gradinariu, André R Simon, Jullien Gaer
Late complications can arise after explantation of a left ventricular assist device. We report the case of a patient who presented at the age of 19 years with peri-partum cardiomyopathy and was initially managed with a biventricular support device, which was subsequently upgraded to an ambulatory left ventricular assist device. This was successfully explanted after myocardial recovery via a minimally invasive approach 7 months later. The patient re-presented 5 years following explantation with hemoptysis. At redo sternotomy, a 10-cm remnant of the outflow graft was found to be eroding the surface of the right lung...
April 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845878/-thrombotic-storm-in-a-teenager-with-previously-diagnosed-ulcerative-colitis-a-rare-case-of-left-ventricular-thrombosis
#20
Pasquale Baratta, Paola Pasqualini, Leonardo Misuraca, Stefano Minelli, Mario Chiavarelli, Silva Severi, Ugo Limbruno
Left ventricular thrombi usually occur in the setting of an acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular aneurysm, or dilated cardiomyopathy. In the absence of ventricular wall motion abnormalities, they are rare. We report the case of a patient with ulcerative colitis in whom two-dimensional echocardiography revealed a left intraventricular mass. Thrombosis in ulcerative colitis is a serious condition and can occur in a very young population. This case report also shows that left ventricular thrombi can occur in the active setting of ulcerative colitis...
September 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
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