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Left Ventricular Aneurysm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823060/cardiac-death-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-aneurysm-remodeling-and-myocardial-viability-by-gated-99m-tc-mibi-spect-and-gated-18-f-fdg-pet
#1
Weixue Wang, Xiang Li, Congna Tian, Shihua Zhao, Marcus Hacker, Xiaoli Zhang
(1) To evaluate the prognostic value of LV remodeling parameters in patients with LV aneurysm by gated SPECT (GSPECT), gated PET (GPET) and CMR; (2) to evaluate the impact of myocardial viability and LV remodeling on the long-term cardiac survival in patients with LV aneurysm. One hundred and twenty-six consecutive patients underwent GPET, GSPECT and CMR within two weeks, with a mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 1.5 years. End-diastolic volume (EDV, mL) and end-systolic volume (ESV, mL) measured by GPET, GSPECT and CMR and corrected for BSA; EDVI and ESVI were calculated...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821295/coexistence-of-congenital-left-ventricular-aneurysm-and-prominent-left-ventricular-trabeculation-in-a-patient-with-ldb3-mutation-a-case-report
#2
Shengshuai Shan, Xiaoxiao He, Lin He, Min Wang, Chengyun Liu
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of congenital left ventricular aneurysm and abnormal cardiac trabeculation with gene mutation has not been reported previously. Here, we report a case of coexisting congenital left ventricular aneurysm and prominent left ventricular trabeculation in a patient with LIM domain binding 3 gene mutation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 30-year-old Asian man showed paroxysmal sinus tachycardia and Q waves in an electrocardiogram health check. There were no specific findings in physical examinations and serological tests...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813764/incidental-finding-of-giant-left-ventricular-aneurysm-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Muhammad Omar, Shenjing Li, Amornpol Anuwatworn
Left ventricular aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms are complications of myocardial infarction. With advances in percutaneous coronary intervention, development of thrombolytic agents, and early initiation of treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors to decrease afterload and inhibit left ventricular remodeling, these complications have become much less common. Here, we report an incidental finding of a giant aneurysm of the left ventricle with associated thrombus and mural calcifications in an elderly male patient who presented to his primary care physician for abdominal pain and denied any prior coronary artery disease...
June 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766718/left-ventricular-aneurysm-sudden-unexpected-deaths-in-a-29-year-old-man
#4
Supawon Srettabunjong
Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is an abnormal dilated heart structure, either congenital or acquired. LVA is a rare cardiac condition with no symptoms in most cases, thus occasionally diagnosed during investigations of other diseases. Its association with certain cardiac complications and sudden cardiac deaths has been reported. However, its role as a cause of sudden unexpected death is rare. The author reported a sudden cardiac death in a 29-year-old man with LVA. Without a significant coronary artery disease and known etiologies of LVA, such an abnormal heart structure in the present case was considered congenital LVA...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761211/holt-oram-syndrome-a-rare-variant
#5
Binoy Shankar, Euden Bhutia, Dinesh Kumar, Sunil Kishore, Shakti Pad Das
Holt-Oram syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder, characterised by skeletal abnormalities of the upper limb associated with congenital heart defect, mainly atrial and ventricular septal defects. Skeletal defects exclusively affect the upper limbs in the preaxial radial ray distribution and are bilateral and asymmetrical. They range from clinodactyly, absent or digitalised thumb, hypoplastic or absent radii, and first metacarpal to hypoplastic ulna and carpal bone anomalies. Cardiac involvement ranges from asymptomatic conduction disturbances to multiple structural defects...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760465/elective-aortic-arch-repair-factors-influencing-neurologic-outcome-in-791-patients
#6
Mariano Cefarelli, Giacomo Murana, Giuseppina G Surace, Sebastiano Castrovinci, Giuliano Jafrancesco, Johannes Christiaan Kelder, Patrick Klein, Uday Sonker, Wim J Morshuis, Robin H Heijmen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine perioperative factors influencing neurologic outcome in a single-center cohort of patients undergoing elective aortic arch operations. METHODS: From January 2005 to June 2015, 791 consecutive patients received open aortic arch operations with either antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP) (636 patients [80.4%]) or deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) (155 patients [19.6%]). Main indications were degenerative aneurysm (85%) and chronic postdissection aneurysm (9...
July 28, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736832/three-dimensional-echocardiography-for-predicting-postoperative-ventricular-volumes-after-surgical-ventricular-reconstruction-of-left-ventricular-aneurysm-a-case-based-presentation
#7
María Teresa Politi, Martín Federico Vivas, Eduardo Filipini, Iván Chillik, Laura Mariana Riznyk, Gustavo Avegliano, Ricardo Ronderos
Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) may have a role in predicting final left ventricular volumes and clinical response after the surgical ventricular reconstruction (SVR) of left ventricular aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms. Left ventricle final volumes can be calculated through "virtual aneurysmectomy." We present a patient with a huge ventricular dilation combined with myocardial dissection, localized wall rupture, and aneurysm of the left ventricular apex after acute myocardial infarction in which accurate predictions from 3DTTE suggest potential clinical value...
July 23, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706597/an-infrequent-cause-of-apical-ventricular-aneurysm-in-the-united-states
#8
Mohammed M Taleb
Chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC) is a late complication of Chagas disease with various manifestations including arrhythmia, heart failure, thromboembolism, and stroke. In a patient with symptoms of heart failure and left ventricular apical aneurysm unexplained by structural heart or coronary vascular abnormalities, CCC should be strongly considered and inquiry made about exposure status. Typical electrocardiographic findings of bundle branch block, complete heart blocks, and ventricular arrhythmia are helpful clues...
April 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683504/initial-experience-with-the-transapical-access-for-tevar
#9
Andreas H Mahnken, Marc Irqsusi, Walter Hundt, Rainer G Moosdorf
Background The endovascular approach has become a mainstay in the treatment of aortic aneurysms. While the transfemoral approach is most commonly used, it is often inaccessible due to a vascular pathology, such as occlusion, tortuosity or heavy calcifications. The transapical access provides an alternative approach. The goal of this study is to report the feasibility of the transapical approach for total endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms (TEVAR). Methods Three patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms with inaccessible femoral arteries underwent TEVAR via the transapical approach...
August 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682033/-adpkd-and-heart
#10
Francesca Liut, Claudia Izzi, Nadia Dallera, Francesco Scolari
Autosomal Polycystic Kidney Disease ( ADPKD) is the most common inherited renal disease. ADPKD is caused by mutations in PKD1 and PKD2, encoding polycystin 1 and 2, respectively. ADPKD is a systemic disease, with renal and extrarenal involvement. Renal disease is characterized by formation and growth of cysts, with progressive destruction of renal parenchyma and development of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) in about 50% of affected individuals at the age of 60 years. Extrarenal disease usually involves the liver, heart and vasculature...
March 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669265/contralateral-transcallosal-resection-of-a-ventricular-body-arteriovenous-malformation-3d-operative-video
#11
Brian P Walcott, Jae Seung Bang, Omar Choudhri, Sirin Gandhi, Halima Tabani, Arnau Benet, Michael T Lawton
A 46-year-old male presented with an incidentally discovered left ventricular body arteriovenous malformation (AVM). It measured 2 cm in diameter and had drainage via an atrial vein into the internal cerebral vein (Spetzler-Martin Grade III, Supplementary Grade 4). Preoperative embolization of the posterior medial choroidal artery reduced nidus size by 50%. Subsequently, he underwent a right-sided craniotomy for a contralateral transcallosal approach to resect the AVM. This case demonstrates strategic circumferential disconnection of feeding arteries (FAs) to the nidus, the use of aneurysm clips to control large FAs, and the use of dynamic retraction and importance of a generous callosotomy...
July 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668148/large-left-ventricular-aneurysm-and-multifocal-myocardial-involvement-in-a-patient-with-systemic-sclerosis
#12
Luca Olivotti, Deborah Cosmi, Annamaria Nicolino, Luigi Martinelli, Shahram Moshiri, Gian Battista Danzi
A 43-year-old man with systemic sclerosis and chest pain had negative T waves in precordial electrocardiographic leads. The echocardiogram showed a large left ventricular apical accessory chamber. The coronary arteries were normal. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large fibrotic aneurysm and a small patch of midwall late enhancement in the septum. The aneurysm was surgically removed. At the 8-month follow-up, cardiac MRI showed the appearance of a new nodular lesion in the anterior wall, causing a localized wall motion abnormality...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655533/a-unique-hybrid-approach-to-complex-re-do-aortic-root-surgery
#13
Fiona Doig, Rishen Naidoo, Vinod Sharma, Peter Tesar
BACKGROUND: We present the case of a 23-year-old male with ventriculo-aortic dehiscence and a retrosternal false aneurysm communicating to the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) and ascending aorta. His history included aortic valve replacement (AVR) and mitral valve (MV) repair remotely, followed by two further operations for endocarditis and aortic root abscess. METHODS: The risk associated with the redo surgery required detailed planning and innovative techniques to allow it to be performed safely...
June 1, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652674/evolution-of-ventricular-outpouching-through-the-fetal-and-postnatal-periods-unabating-dilemma-of-serial-observation-or-surgical-correction
#14
REVIEW
Niraj Kumar Dipak, Sumitra Venkatesh, Shakuntala Prabhu, Sudha Rao
Ventricular outpouching is a rare finding in prenatal sonography and the main differential diagnoses are diverticulum, aneurysm, and pseudoaneurysm in addition to congenital cysts and clefts. The various modes of fetal presentation of congenital ventricular outpouching include an abnormal four-chamber view on fetal two-dimensional echocardiogram, fetal arrhythmia, fetal hydrops, and pericardial effusion. Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA)/nonapical diverticula are usually isolated defects. Apical diverticula are always associated with midline thoracoabdominal defects (epigastric pulsating diverticulum or large omphalocele) and other structural malformations of the heart...
July 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636513/large-left-circumflex-artery-aneurysm-and-left-ventricular-coronary-sinus-fistula
#15
Zaher Hakim, Alexandros Briasoulis, Anil Attili, Rabih Touma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#16
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614975/prenatal-diagnosis-of-fetal-right-and-left-congenital-ventricular-aneurysms
#17
Mamatha Gowda, Shree Bharathi, Monica Thiagarajan, Tripti Aneja
AIM: To describe the ultrasonographic appearance of fetal ventricular aneurysm. METHODS: Ultrasound characteristics of two cases of prenatally diagnosed fetal ventricular aneurysm were reviewed. RESULTS: There was one case of left ventricular aneurysm diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound at 38 weeks of gestation. Another case of fetal right ventricular aneurysm was diagnosed prenatally at 36 weeks of gestation. Both the babies expired in the immediate post-natal period...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598059/cardiac-abscess-with-ventricular-aneurysm-secondary-to-old-myocardial-infarction
#18
N Nand, S K Singla, S Magu
Myocardial Abscess (MA) is a rare life threatening condition mostly occurring secondary to underlying infective endocarditis. But it can also be found secondary to septicemia with some unknown focus of sepsis in the body. Development of MA as a consequence of left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) secondary to myocardial infarction is very rare. We report the case of 56 year old male, who presented with high grade fever and leukocytosis. On detailed evaluation, he was found to have a myocardial abscess with underlying LVA...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595718/echocardiographic-characteristics-of-hypertensive-patients-affected-by-transient-ischemic-attack-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Daniela Degli Esposti, Simone Stefano Finzi, Angelo Parini, Arrigo F G Cicero, Giovanni Tomassoli, Stefano Bacchelli, Maria Guarino, Francesca Rondelli, Claudio Borghi
Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA), common finding in normal echocardiographies, has been described in association with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)/strokes, as well as hypertensive end-organ damage such as left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. Aim of this study was to assess if a cluster of echocardiographic aspects could characterize TIA hypertensive patients. A cross-sectional study on patients with history of TIA, referring to a Hypertension Center echolab, has been performed. A total of 5223 patients received transthoracic echocardiography...
April 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584205/effects-of-surgical-ventricular-restoration-on-left-ventricular-shape-size-and-function-for-left-ventricular-anterior-aneurysm
#20
Yao Wang, Chang-Qing Gao, Gang Wang, Yan-Song Shen
BACKGROUND: Surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) has been performed to treat left ventricular (LV) aneurysm. However, there is limited analysis of changes in LV shape. This study aimed to evaluate the changes in LV shape induced by SVR and the effects of SVR on LV size and function for LV aneurysm. METHODS: Between April 2006 and March 2015, 18 patients with dyskinetic (dyskinetic group) and 12 patients with akinetic (akinetic group) postinfarction LV anterior aneurysm receiving SVR with the Dor procedure at Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were enrolled in this study...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
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