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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737868/languaje-what-makes-us-humans
#1
Horacio Lejarraga
Pediatrician carry out the surveillance of language in preschool children as one of the components of child development (language, fine and gross motor skills, etc.). However, language is more than that. The process of transformation of the magic meaning on the word present in the initial stages of human evolution (Myth period) into a new, symbolic meaning as representative of the object (Logos period) took around 40,000 years. With the mastering of language, man was capable of thinking; from then onwards, these two functions, thought and language, became inextricably linked, the evolved hand in hand...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670947/genetic-background-of-the-sickle-cell-disease-pediatric-population-of-dakar-senegal-and-characterization-of-a-novel-frameshift-%C3%AE-thalassemia-mutation-hbb-c-265_266del-p-leu89glufs-2
#2
Fatou Gueye Tall, Cyril Martin, El Hadji Malick Ndour, Indou Déme Ly, Céline Renoux, Louis Chillotti, Nicolas Veyrenche, Philippe Connes, Papa Madieye Gueye, Rokhaya Ndiaye Diallo, Philippe Lacan, Ibrahima Diagne, Pape Amadou Diop, Aynina Cissé, Philomène Lopez Sall, Philippe Joly
Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder with a large variability in the pattern and severity of clinical manifestations. Different genetic modulators have been identified but very few epidemiologic data are available on these modifier genes in Senegal. This study aimed to determine their prevalence in a Senegalese sickle cell disease pediatric population. The following genetic parameters were genotyped in 295 sickle cell disease children of the Dakar pediatric hospital: sickle cell disease genotype [β(S)/β(S) (HBB: c...
March 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523673/the-function-of-language-in-parent-infant-psychotherapy
#3
Björn Salomonsson
Parent-infant psychotherapy, a rather new field in psychoanalysis, raises questions of how to conceptualize the clinical process. Previous publications have used semiotic concepts to account for the therapist's non-verbal communication and investigated the countertransference, including what the baby might grasp of its variations. The present paper focuses on another argument for using verbal interventions to a baby in therapy; they present him with a symbolic order that differs from that of the parent. The qualitative difference between the parent's and the analyst's address is conceptualized by Dolto's term parler vrai...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504335/tele-analysis-the-use-of-media-technology-in-psychotherapy-and-its-impact-on-the-therapeutic-relationship
#4
Christian Roesler
A growing number of approaches in psychotherapy make use of internet- and other media-based interactions. This paper discusses the impact on the therapist-client relationship of using media technology and gives an overview of the current state of the debate. It is suggested that the technical conditions of internet-based interactions produce new forms of social relationships that differ significantly from face-to-face-interactions and that unconscious, nonverbal cues get lost. Research on the therapeutic interaction making use of 'discourse linguistic' methods is presented...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473701/anxious-laughter-mauron-s-renversement-and-gogol-s-overcoat
#5
Alfie Bown
Inside and outside of psychoanalysis, laughter has often been thought of as relating to anxiety, with the usual line being that laughter can be a response to anxiety or a way of dealing with it. This article argues that laughter cannot be said to eradicate or 'deal with' anxiety and that laughter is always unsettling precisely because it contains anxiety and indicates its continuing threat. The article discusses Freud and Lacan on anxiety, as well as Charles Mauron, an understudied writer whose Psychocritique du Genre Comique was the only sustained study of psychoanalysis and comedy until very recently...
June 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369970/the-name-of-the-piggle-reconsidering-winnicott-s-classic-case-in-light-of-some-conversations-with-the-adult-gabrielle
#6
Deborah Anna Luepnitz
On the 40th anniversary of its publication, the author re-reads Winnicott's The Piggle - a case of 'on demand analysis' with a child suffering from psychotic night terrors - in light of new information about the patient. Conversations between the author and 'Gabrielle' explore two areas not regarded as priorities by Winnicott: the transgenerational transmission of pathology/trauma, and the ways that language, in general - and given names, in particular - organize individual subjectivity. The question raised is to what degree Winnicott - who described the treatment as "psychoanalysis partagé [shared]" due to the parents' involvement - thought of the pathology itself as 'shared...
April 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260172/the-oblique-perspective-philosophical-diagnostics-of-contemporary-life-sciences-research
#7
Hub Zwart
This paper indicates how continental philosophy may contribute to a diagnostics of contemporary life sciences research, as part of a "diagnostics of the present" (envisioned by continental thinkers, from Hegel up to Foucault). First, I describe (as a "practicing" philosopher) various options for an oblique (or symptomatic) reading of emerging scientific discourse, bent on uncovering the basic "philosophemes" of science (i.e. the guiding ideas, the basic conceptions of nature, life and technology at work in contemporary life sciences research practices)...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239195/who-is-the-scientist-subject-a-critique-of-the-neo-kantian-scientist-subject-in-lorraine-daston-and-peter-galison-s-objectivity
#8
REVIEW
Esha Shah
The main focus of this essay is to closely engage with the role of scientist-subjectivity in the making of objectivity in Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison's book Objectivity, and Daston's later and earlier works On Scientific Observation and The Moral Economy of Science. I have posited four challenges to the neo-Kantian and Foucauldian constructions of the co-implication of psychology and epistemology presented in these texts. Firstly, following Jacques Lacan's work, I have argued that the subject of science constituted by the mode of modern science suffers from paranoia...
2017: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195228/ejaculation-and-sperm-characteristics-in-men-with-cauda-equina-and-conus-medullaris-syndromes
#9
N Hadiji, R Mieusset, J G Previnaire, E Castel-Lacanal, J M Soler
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to describe the type of ejaculation in patients with cauda equina (CE) and conus medullaris (CM) lesions, and to analyse sperm quality. SETTING: France. METHODS: One hundred sixty-six patients with CE and CM lesions were included. Diagnosis was based on clinical (no motor responses, sensation or sacral reflexes) and urodynamic assessments (no detrusor activity)...
June 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135152/agents-of-law-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-parenthood-practices-as-socially-accepted-violence
#10
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper presents a theoretical model of parental authority from the vantage point of parental subjecthood, using a roughly Lacanian formulation of what it means to take a (parental) subject position. For Freud, the parental role involves the acceptance of social rules that may, at times, involve a socially acceptable degree of violence. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic discussions have disregarded the parents' subjective experience as agents of the Law and purveyors of threatening authority. The authors elaborate on Freud's and Lacan's ideas and delineate several prime types of parental identifications as agents of Law...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096366/iron-isotopes-reveal-distinct-dissolved-iron-sources-and-pathways-in-the-intermediate-versus-deep-southern-ocean
#11
Cyril Abadie, Francois Lacan, Amandine Radic, Catherine Pradoux, Franck Poitrasson
As an essential micronutrient, iron plays a key role in oceanic biogeochemistry. It is therefore linked to the global carbon cycle and climate. Here, we report a dissolved iron (DFe) isotope section in the South Atlantic and Southern Ocean. Throughout the section, a striking DFe isotope minimum (light iron) is observed at intermediate depths (200-1,300 m), contrasting with heavier isotopic composition in deep waters. This unambiguously demonstrates distinct DFe sources and processes dominating the iron cycle in the intermediate and deep layers, a feature impossible to see with only iron concentration data largely used thus far in chemical oceanography...
January 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018280/capitalist-discourse-subjectivity-and-lacanian-psychoanalysis
#12
Stijn Vanheule
This paper studies how subjectivity in capitalist culture can be characterized. Building on Lacan's later seminars XVI, XVII, XVIII, and XIX, the author first outlines Lacan's general discourse theory, which includes four characteristic discourses: the discourse of the master, the discourse of the university, the discourse of the hysteric and the discourse of the analyst. Next, the author explores the subjectivity and the mode of dealing with jouissance and semblance, which is entailed in a fifth type of discourse, the capitalist discourse, discussed by Lacan (1972)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981643/ugt1a1-ta-n-genotype-is-not-the-major-risk-factor-of-cholelithiasis-in-sickle-cell-disease-children
#13
Philippe Joly, Céline Renoux, Philippe Lacan, Yves Bertrand, Giovanna Cannas, Nathalie Garnier, Daniella Cuzzubbo, Kamila Kebaïli, Cécile Renard, Alexandra Gauthier, Vincent Pialoux, Cyril Martin, Marc Romana, Philippe Connes
OBJECTIVES: Because of the increased hemolytic rate, a significant proportion of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are prone to develop cholelithiasis. The present study investigated the role of several genetic factors (UGT1A1 promoter (TA)n repeat polymorphism, alpha-globin status), hematological parameters, clinical severity, and hydroxyurea (HU) therapy on the occurrence of cholelithiasis in SCD. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-eight children (2-18 yr old) regularly followed at the University Hospital of Lyon (France) were included...
March 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981272/ultrasonography-as-an-integrated-tool-in-clinical-decision-making-in-the-emergency-department
#14
Adela C Golea, Eugenia Gp Mureșan, Sorin S Lăcan, Mihaela Gh Pasc, Sorana D Bolboacă
AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the role of ultrasonography as a decision-making and screening tool in emergency patients with pathological changes. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The study was carried out for 28 months in the Emergency Department of the County Emergency University Hospital, Cluj-Napoca. An ultrasound examination was performed as part of the clinical algorithm within the first hour of treating non-critical patients after they had been triaged...
December 5, 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969212/%C3%A3-valuation-de-l%C3%A2-efficacit%C3%A3-du-tens-dans-le-traitement-des-troubles-v%C3%A3-sico-sphinct%C3%A3-riens-d%C3%A2-origine-neurologique
#15
C Montaut, S Sanson, L Even, X De Boissezon, E Huyghe, P Marque, P Rischmann, M Soulié, E Castel-Lacanal, X Game
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969207/int%C3%A3-r%C3%A3%C2%AAt-des-facteurs-neurotrophiques-comme-biomarqueurs-urinaires-de-l%C3%A2-hyperactivit%C3%A3-du-d%C3%A3-trusor-chez-les-patients-atteints-d%C3%A2-une-pathologie-neurologique
#16
S Sanson, E Castel Lacanal, E Huyghe, B Malavaud, P Rischmann, M Soulié, B Malavaud, X Gamé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969206/peut-on-%C3%A3-viter-l%C3%A2-ent%C3%A3-rocystoplastie-d%C3%A2-agrandissement-en-cas-d%C3%A2-%C3%A3-chec-d%C3%A2-une-premi%C3%A3-re-injection-intra-d%C3%A3-trusorienne-de-toxine-botulique-chez-un-patient-spina-bifida%C3%A2
#17
B Peyronnet, G Amarenco, M De Seze, B Schurch, A Even, G Capon, M Baron, J Hascoet, E Castel-Lacanal, C Lenormand, X Biardeau, C Maurin, L Monleon, F Marcelli, M Perrouin-Verbe, C Allenet, J Cornu, P Mouracade, J Boutin, C Saussine, P Grise, L Lenormand, J Kerdraon, E Chartier-Kastler, G Karsenty, P Denys, A Manunta, X Gamé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969203/injections-intra-d%C3%A3-trusoriennes-de-toxine-botulique-chez-l%C3%A2-adulte-spina-bifida%C3%A2-r%C3%A3-sultats-d%C3%A2-une-%C3%A3-tude-multicentrique
#18
B Peyronnet, A Even, A Verrando, G Capon, M De Seze, J Hascoet, C Lenormand, C Maurin, X Biardeau, L Monleon, E Castel-Lacanal, F Marcelli, M Perrouin-Verbe, C Allenet, P Mouracade, M Baron, J Boutin, C Saussine, P Grise, L Lenormand, E Chartier-Kastler, J Cornu, G Karsenty, B Schurch, P Denys, A Manunta, G Amarenco, X Gamé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861857/mainstream-body-character-breach-films-and-subjectivization
#19
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855423/manic-defences-in-contemporary-society-the-psychocultural-approach
#20
Dusko Rudan, Miro Jakovljevic, Darko Marcinko
The article discusses the impact of contemporary culture on the individual's personality. We used the "psychocultural" approach whose key feature is the amalgamation of theories and methods belonging to psychodynamic and psychosocial studies, as well as those used in the field of media and cultural studies. The idea of a potentially therapeutic effect of culture (therapy culture) can already been seen in Freud's and Lacan's texts, and it is often used in critical analyses of contemporary corporate culture, which is more or less developed in some parts of the world...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
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