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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664047/association-of-source-of-memory-complaints-and-increased-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-and-cognitive-decline-a-community-based-study
#1
Xue-Mei Qi, Lin Gu, Hui-Dong Tang, Sheng-Di Chen, Jian-Fang Ma
Background: Memory complaint is common in the elderly. Recently, it was shown that self-report memory complaint was predictive of cognitive decline. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the source of memory complaints on the risk of cognitive impairment and cognitive decline in a community-based cohort. Methods: Data on memory complaints and cognitive function were collected among 1840 Chinese participants (aged ≥55 years old) in an urban community at baseline interview and 5-year follow-up...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663328/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-agonists-for-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#2
REVIEW
Samer Alabed, Youssef Latifeh, Husam Aldeen Mohammad, Hanna Bergman
BACKGROUND: Chronic antipsychotic drug treatment may cause tardive dyskinesia (TD), a long-term movement disorder. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist drugs, which have intense sedative properties and may exacerbate psychotic symptoms, have been used to treat TD. OBJECTIVES: 1. Primary objectiveThe primary objective was to determine whether using non-benzodiazepine GABA agonist drugs for at least six weeks was clinically effective for the treatment of antipsychotic-induced TD in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661523/a-positive-psychological-intervention-reduces-acute-psychosis-proneness
#3
Phillip Grant, Aisha Judith Leila Munk, Juergen Hennig
BACKGROUND: While individuals at ultra-risk for schizophrenia are characterized by high negative/disorganised but low positive schizotypy, schizophrenia patients are usually high in all three schizotypy facets. Thus, avoiding increases in positive schizotypy in ultra-high risk individuals may constitute of form of schizophrenia-prevention. A possible method of reducing positive schizotypy could be Positive-Psychological intervention (PI). METHODS: We present results from 2 independent studies, including a 12-month follow-up from study 1, using an easy-to-perform intervention based on Positive Psychology to reduce positive schizotypy...
April 13, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660813/impact-of-psychiatric-illness-on-decreased-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-bladder-cancer-in-the-united-states
#4
Usama Jazzar, Shan Yong, Zachary Klaassen, Jinhai Huo, Byron D Hughes, Edgar Esparza, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Simon P Kim, Douglas S Tyler, Stephen J Freedland, Ashish M Kamat, Dwight V Wolf, Stephen B Williams
BACKGROUND: Treatments for muscle-invasive bladder cancer are multimodal, complex, and often carry significant risks of physical and psychological morbidity. The objectives of this study were to define the incidence and types of psychiatric illnesses diagnosed after treatment and to determine their impact on survival outcomes. METHODS: In total, 3709 patients who were diagnosed with clinical stage T2 through T4a bladder cancer from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2011, from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare were analyzed...
April 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659069/regulating-mobile-mental-health-apps
#5
Nicolas P Terry, Tracy D Gunter
Mobile medical apps (MMAs) are a fast-growing category of software typically installed on personal smartphones and wearable devices. A subset of MMAs are aimed at helping consumers identify mental states and/or mental illnesses. Although this is a fledgling domain, there are already enough extant mental health MMAs both to suggest a typology and to detail some of the regulatory issues they pose. As to the former, the current generation of apps includes those that facilitate self-assessment or self-help, connect patients with online support groups, connect patients with therapists, or predict mental health issues...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652182/risk-assessment-practice-within-primary-mental-health-care-a-logics-perspective
#6
Adam Flintoff, Ewen Speed, Susan McPherson
From the 1980s onwards, discourses of risk have continued to grow, almost in ubiquity. Ideas and practices of risk and risk aversion have extended to UK mental health care where services are expected to assess and manage risks, and high-quality clinical assessment has been revised to incorporate risk assessment. This article problematises practices of risk assessment in mental health provision, focussing on the base-rate problem. It presents an analysis of audio recordings of risk assessments completed within a primary care mental health service...
April 1, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649488/proteomics-based-identification-of-differential-plasma-proteins-and-changes-in-white-matter-integrity-as-markers-in-early-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impaired-subjects-at-high-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Abhai Kumar, Smita Singh, Ashish Verma, Vijay Nath Mishra
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an intermediate stage of cognitive decline and dementia. The absence of specific diagnostic test for identification of MCI and AD. The current study aims to find proteomics based change in plasma proteins and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based white matter changes in MCI for early detection of prodromal Alzheimer's disease. Fifty cases of mild cognitive impairment and age matched control between (55-75 yrs) were screened on basis of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). Two dimensional gel electrophoresis and DTI imaging was performed in MCI and age matched control...
April 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643169/safety-and-feasibility-evaluation-of-tourniquets-for-total-knee-replacement-safe-tkr-study-protocol
#8
Peter Dh Wall, Imran Ahmed, Andrew Metcalfe, Andrew J Price, Kate Seers, Charles E Hutchinson, Helen Parsons, Jane Warwick, Bushra Rahman, Jaclyn Brown, Martin Underwood
INTRODUCTION: This study is designed to determine whether a full randomised controlled trial (RCT) examining the clinical effectiveness and safety of total knee replacement surgery with or without a tourniquet is warranted and feasible. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: Single centre, patient-blinded and assessor-blinded RCT. A computer-generated randomisation service will allocate 50 participants into one of two trial treatments, surgery with or without a tourniquet. The primary objective is to estimate recruitment, crossovers and follow-up of patients...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627104/a-systematic-review-of-social-stress-and-mental-health-among-transgender-and-gender-non-conforming-people-in-the-united-states
#9
REVIEW
Sarah E Valentine, Jillian C Shipherd
Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) populations, including those who do not identify with gender binary constructs (man or woman) are increasingly recognized in health care settings. Research on the health of TGNC people is growing, and disparities are often noted. In this review, we examine 77 studies published between January 1, 1997 and March 22, 2017 which reported mental health outcomes in TGNC populations to (a) characterize what is known about mental health outcomes and (b) describe what gaps persist in this literature...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624539/tinnitus-depression-anxiety-and-suicide-in-recent-veterans-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Erin Martz, Chennettée Jelleberg, Deborah D Dougherty, Charles Wolters, Aaron Schneiderman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to investigate whether there is an association between tinnitus diagnosis and suicide and whether depression and anxiety strengthen that association. Given that tinnitus is the top service-connected disability among U.S. Veterans (Veterans Benefits Administration, 2016) and that suicide among Veterans has been occurring at a higher frequency as compared with community suicide rates (Hoffmire et al., 2015), the possible associations between tinnitus and suicide will be explored...
April 5, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624121/childhood-abuse-religious-involvement-and-lifetime-substance-use-disorders-among-latinas-nationwide
#11
Amy L Ai, Jungup Lee
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is a major behavioral health concern and imposes lasting sequelae on mental and physical health, including lifetime substance use disorders (LT-SUD). Yet, gender-specific research examining this early trauma and substance use in Latina-Americans (Latinas) is scarce. No study has explored the relationship between collectivist cultural factors and LT-SUD in this largest minority-female subgroup of the United States' population. OBJECTIVES: Based on coping theory, this study investigated the association between childhood abuse, cultural factors, and LT-SUD among Latinas nationwide...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621433/mediterranean-diet-and-cognitive-status-in-free-living-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northern-italy
#12
Ramona De Amicis, Alessandro Leone, Andrea Foppiani, Diana Osio, Lidia Lewandowski, Valentina Giustizieri, Paolo Cornelio, Ferdinando Cornelio, Susanna Fusari Imperatori, Stefano F Cappa, Alberto Battezzati, Simona Bertoli
OBJECTIVE: Few data are available on the Italian elderly population with regard to adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and cognitive impairment. Our aim was to investigate adherence to the MD and its association with cognitive function in an Italian urban sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 279 participants aged ≥ 65 years (80 men, 199 women) was carried out at a nutritional center. Adherence to the MD was evaluated using a 14-item questionnaire...
April 5, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619559/effect-of-nasogastric-tube-on-aspiration-risk-results-from-147-patients-with-dysphagia-and-literature-review
#13
Gowun Kim, Sora Baek, Hee-Won Park, Eun Kyoung Kang, Gyuhyun Lee
Nasogastric tube (NGT) is a common feeding strategy for patients at risk of endotracheal aspiration with an oral diet. With NGT feeding, however, swallowing of small amounts saliva cannot be avoided. We investigated whether the aspiration rate when swallowing 1 mL of fluid increased in patients using an NGT in different dysphagia severities. One hundred forty-seven patients who had been receiving NGT feeding underwent a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). During VFSS, subjects were offered 1 mL of fluid twice: initially, with the tube inserted (NGT-in) and, subsequently, with the tube removed (NGT-out)...
April 4, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614643/caregiving-and-caregiver-burden-in-dementia-home-care-results-from-the-prospective-dementia-registry-prodem-of-the-austrian-alzheimer-society
#14
Gerhard Ransmayr, Philipp Hermann, Katharina Sallinger, Thomas Benke, Stephan Seiler, Peter Dal-Bianco, Josef Marksteiner, Michaela Defrancesco, Günter Sanin, Walter Struhal, Michael Guger, Milan Vosko, Karin Hagenauer, Riccarda Lehner, Andreas Futschik, Reinhold Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive studies on caregiver burden (CB) of persons caring for dementia patients differ methodologically and show variable results. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of known and hypothesized factors of CB in home care of dementia patients. METHODS: Multicenter longitudinal study comprising 585 persons caring mostly for Alzheimer's disease patients (age median 77.25 years, Mini-Mental State Examination raw score median 23) using the Zarit Caregiver Burden interview (CBI)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614390/can-neuropsychological-testing-facilitate-differential-diagnosis-between-at-risk-mental-state-arms-for-psychosis-and-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#15
Erich Studerus, Salvatore Corbisiero, Nadine Mazzariello, Sarah Ittig, Letizia Leanza, Laura Egloff, Katharina Beck, Ulrike Heitz, Christina Andreou, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Patients with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis and patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have many overlapping signs and symptoms and hence can be difficult to differentiate clinically. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the differential diagnosis between ARMS and adult ADHD could be improved by neuropsychological testing. METHODS: 168 ARMS patients, 123 adult ADHD patients and 109 healthy controls (HC) were recruited via specialized clinics of the University of Basel Psychiatric Hospital...
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614178/association-of-a-negative-wealth-shock-with-all-cause-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#16
Lindsay R Pool, Sarah A Burgard, Belinda L Needham, Michael R Elliott, Kenneth M Langa, Carlos F Mendes de Leon
Importance: A sudden loss of wealth-a negative wealth shock-may lead to a significant mental health toll and also leave fewer monetary resources for health-related expenses. With limited years remaining to regain lost wealth in older age, the health consequences of these negative wealth shocks may be long-lasting. Objective: To determine whether a negative wealth shock was associated with all-cause mortality during 20 years of follow-up. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative prospective cohort study of US adults aged 51 through 61 years at study entry...
April 3, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611433/a-real-world-community-health-worker-care-coordination-model-for-high-risk-children
#17
Molly A Martin, Kenita Perry-Bell, Mark Minier, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
Health care systems across the United States are considering community health worker (CHW) services for high-risk patients, despite limited data on how to build and sustain effective CHW programs. We describe the process of providing CHW services to 5,289 at-risk patients within a state-run health system. The program includes 30 CHWs, six care coordinators, the Director of Care Coordination, the Medical Director, a registered nurse, mental health specialists, and legal specialists. CHWs are organized into geographic and specialized teams...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609422/influence-of-the-short-term-intake-of-high-doses-of-solifenacin-and-trospium-on-cognitive-function-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#18
Kirill Kosilov, Irina Kuzina, Sergay Loparev, Yuliya Gainullina, Liliya Kosilova, Alexandra Prokofyeva
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and the effects of elevated doses of solifenacin and trospium on cognitive function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elderly women receiving treatment for urinary incontinence. METHODS: The study included 312 women aged 60-83 years (mean age, 69.4 years). All participants had scored at least 24 points on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scale, and all of them had been diagnosed with urge urinary incontinence (UUI) or mixed urinary incontinence (MUI)...
March 2018: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609079/tooth-loss-is-associated-with-accelerated-cognitive-decline-and-volumetric-brain-differences-a-population-based-study
#19
Christina S Dintica, Debora Rizzuto, Anna Marseglia, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Anna-Karin Welmer, Inger Wårdh, Lars Bäckman, Weili Xu
Tooth loss has been related to cognitive impairment; however, its relation to structural brain differences in humans is unknown. Dementia-free participants (n = 2715) of age ≥60 years were followed up for up to 9 years. A subsample (n = 394) underwent magnetic resonance imaging at baseline. Information on tooth loss was collected at baseline, and cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination at baseline and at follow-ups. Data were analyzed using linear mixed effects models and linear regression models...
March 9, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608043/physical-frailty-and-mortality-risk-in-japanese-older-adults
#20
Atsumu Yuki, Rei Otsuka, Chikako Tange, Yukiko Nishita, Makiko Tomida, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
AIM: The association between frailty and increased mortality risk is unknown. The present study assessed the longitudinal relationship between frailty and mortality risk in Japanese community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Participants included 841 randomly chosen community-dwelling Japanese individuals, including 175 older adults aged 65-88 years with incomplete data at the baseline examination (July 2006-July 2008). Participants were followed from baseline to 31 December 2015 (mean 7...
April 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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