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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232635/symptom-recovery-and-relationship-to-structure-of-corpus-callosum-in-individuals-with-an-at-risk-mental-state
#1
Naoyuki Katagiri, Christos Pantelis, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Junichi Saito, Masaaki Hori, Taiju Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki Funatogawa, Masafumi Mizuno
Previous studies have revealed that changes in sub-threshold psychotic symptoms observed in individuals with an 'at risk mental state' (ARMS) are associated with biological changes in the corpus callosum (CC). To elucidate the biological background for resilience against transition to psychosis, we investigated the relationship between CC structural changes and recovery of sub-threshold psychotic symptom in subjects with ARMS who did not develop psychosis (ARMS-N). Sixteen healthy controls and 42 ARMS (37 ARMS-N) subjects participated this study...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227237/sexual-orientation-self-concept-ambiguity-and-alcohol-use-disorder-symptomology-the-roles-of-motivated-psychological-distancing-and-drinking-to-cope
#2
David W Hancock, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer Bohanek, Micah D Iserman, Molly Ireland
OBJECTIVE: Women whose sexual identity is not exclusively heterosexual are at risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and problematic drinking. A textual analytic approach focusing on motivated psychological distancing in language style use was used to detect sexual minority women who are at greatest risk for an AUD. METHOD: Young adult women (N = 254) were asked to complete a self-report measure of sexual orientation self-concept ambiguity as well as free-write about their sexuality...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226870/alzheimer-s-disease-progression-factors-influencing-cognitive-decline
#3
Camilla Ferrari, Gemma Lombardi, Cristina Polito, Giulia Lucidi, Silvia Bagnoli, Irene Piaceri, Benedetta Nacmias, Valentina Berti, Debora Rizzuto, Laura Fratiglioni, Sandro Sorbi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients present high variability in the rate of cognitive decline. Despite the wide knowledge on factors influencing dementia risk, little is known on what accounts for AD progression. Previous studies on this topic have mainly analyzed each factor separately without taking into account the interaction between genetic and non-genetic factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of demographic, clinical, therapeutic, and genetic factors and their interaction on cognitive decline among newly diagnosed AD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220525/impact-of-opioid-dose-reduction-and-risk-mitigation-initiatives-on-chronic-opioid-therapy-patients-at-higher-risk-for-opioid-related-adverse-outcomes
#4
Manu Thakral, Rod L Walker, Kathleen Saunders, Susan M Shortreed, Sascha Dublin, Michael Parchman, Ryan N Hansen, Evette Ludman, Karen J Sherman, Michael Von Korff
Objective: We aimed to determine if opioid risk reduction initiatives including dose reduction and risk mitigation strategies for chronic noncancer pain patients receiving chronic opioid therapy (COT) had a differential impact on average daily opioid doses of COT patients at higher risk for opioid-related adverse outcomes compared with lower-risk patients. Design: Interrupted time series. Setting: Group Health Cooperative (GH), a health care delivery system and insurance within Washington State, between 2006 and 2014...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216609/what-kinds-of-factors-affect-the-academic-outcomes-of-university-students-with-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-study-based-on-medical-records
#5
Terumi Ishii, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yuki Shiratori, Takafumi Hori, Miyuki Aiba, Keisuke Kuga, Tetsuaki Arai
AIMS: University students that suffer from mental disorders seem to have difficulty graduating. Therefore, we investigated risk and protective factors of dropping out with the aim of improving such students' academic outcomes. METHODS: First, we statistically compared the academic outcomes of 203 undergraduate students who received treatment in the Department of Psychiatry of the Tsukuba University Health Center to those of matched controls. Second, clinical factors of 370 mentally ill students were statistically compared between the dropout and graduate groups...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213344/psychotherapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-health-technology-assessment
#6
(no author information available yet)
Background: Major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder are among the most commonly diagnosed mental illnesses in Canada; both are associated with a high societal and economic burden. Treatment for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder consists of pharmacological and psychological interventions. Three commonly used psychological interventions are cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, and supportive therapy. The objectives of this report were to assess the effectiveness and safety of these types of therapy for the treatment of adults with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder, to assess the cost-effectiveness of structured psychotherapy (CBT or interpersonal therapy), to calculate the budget impact of publicly funding structured psychotherapy, and to gain a greater understanding of the experiences of people with major depressive disorder and/or generalized anxiety disorder...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207473/the-cost-effectiveness-of-lowering-permissible-noise-levels-around-u-s-airports
#7
Boshen Jiao, Zafar Zafari, Brian Will, Kai Ruggeri, Shukai Li, Peter Muennig
Aircraft noise increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and mental illness. The allowable limit for sound in the vicinity of an airport is 65 decibels (dB) averaged over a 24-h 'day and night' period (DNL) in the United States. We evaluate the trade-off between the cost and the health benefits of changing the regulatory DNL level from 65 dB to 55 dB using a Markov model. The study used LaGuardia Airport (LGA) as a case study. In compliance with 55 dB allowable limit of aircraft noise, sound insulation would be required for residential homes within the 55 dB to 65 dB DNL...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202773/process-evaluation-of-the-systematic-medical-appraisal-referral-and-treatment-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#8
Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel, Pallab K Maulik
BACKGROUND: Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about mental health, stigma related to help seeking, are responsible for poor awareness and use of mental health services. We implemented a mental health services delivery model that leveraged technology and task sharing to facilitate identification and treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs) such as stress, depression, anxiety and suicide risk in rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202758/health-related-quality-of-life-among-myocardial-infarction-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#9
Lea Mollon, Sandipan Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding the health-related quality of life among myocardial infarction (MI) survivors in the United States. The purpose of this population-based study was to identify differences in health-related quality of life domains between MI survivors and propensity score matched controls. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional matched case-control study examined differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among MI survivors of myocardial infarction compared to propensity score matched controls using data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey...
December 4, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196576/apathy-is-associated-with-incident-dementia-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#10
Jan Willem van Dalen, Lennard L Van Wanrooij, Eric P Moll van Charante, Edo Richard, Willem A van Gool
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether apathy and depressive symptoms are independently associated with incident dementia during 6-year follow-up in a prospective observational population-based cohort study. METHODS: Participants were community-dwelling older people in the Prevention of Dementia by Intensive Vascular Care trial, aged 70-78 years, without dementia at baseline. Apathy and depressive symptoms were measured using the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
December 1, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194176/racial-disparities-in-outpatient-mental-health-service-use-among-children-hospitalized-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Megan Moore, Nathalia Jimenez, Janessa M Graves, Tessa Rue, Jesse R Fann, Frederick P Rivara, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial differences in mental health service utilization after hospitalization for traumatic brain injury (TBI) among children with Medicaid insurance. DESIGN AND MAIN MEASURES: Retrospective analysis of the MarketScan Multi-State Medicaid database from 2007 to 2012 was performed. Outpatient mental health service utilization (psychiatric and psychological individual and group services) was compared at TBI hospitalization, from discharge to 3 months and from 4 to 12 months after discharge, between children of non-Hispanic white (NHW), non-Hispanic black (NHB), Hispanic, and "Other" racial groups...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189502/connecting-the-dots-state-health-department-approaches-to-addressing-shared-risk-and-protective-factors-across-multiple-forms-of-violence
#12
Natalie Wilkins, Lindsey Myers, Tomei Kuehl, Alice Bauman, Marci Hertz
Violence takes many forms, including intimate partner violence, sexual violence, child abuse and neglect, bullying, suicidal behavior, and elder abuse and neglect. These forms of violence are interconnected and often share the same root causes. They can also co-occur together in families and communities and can happen at the same time or at different stages of life. Often, due to a variety of factors, separate, "siloed" approaches are used to address each form of violence. However, understanding and implementing approaches that prevent and address the overlapping root causes of violence (risk factors) and promote factors that increase the resilience of people and communities (protective factors) can help practitioners more effectively and efficiently use limited resources to prevent multiple forms of violence and save lives...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186278/dependence-levels-as-interim-clinical-milestones-along-the-continuum-of-alzheimer-s-disease-18-month-results-from-the-geras-observational-study
#13
K Kahle-Wrobleski, J S Andrews, M Belger, W Ye, S Gauthier, D M Rentz, D Galasko
BACKGROUND: While functional loss forms part of the current diagnostic criteria used to identify dementia due to Alzheimer's disease, the gradual and progressive nature of the disease makes it difficult to recognize clinically relevant signposts that could be helpful in making treatment and management decisions. Having previously observed a significant relationship between stages of functional dependence (the level of assistance patients require consequent to Alzheimer's disease deficits, derived from the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study - Activities of Daily Living Scale) and cognitive severity, we investigated whether measures of functional dependence could be utilized to identify clinical milestones of Alzheimer's disease progression...
2017: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181853/towards-the-elimination-of-hepatitis-c-in-the-united-states
#14
Sammy Saab, Long Le, Satvir Saggi, Vinay Sundaram, Myron Tong
The emergence of effective direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents has reignited discussion over hepatitis C elimination potential in the United States. Eliminating hepatitis C will require a critical examination regarding technical feasibility, economic considerations, and social/political attention. Tremendous advancement has been made in recent years with the availability of sensitive diagnostic tests and highly effective DAAs capable of achieving sustained viral response (SVR) in more than 95% of patients...
November 27, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176997/association-between-an-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-polymorphism-and-alzheimer-s-disease-in-a-tunisian-population
#15
Najiba Fekih-Mrissa, Ines Bedoui, Aycha Sayeh, Hajer Derbali, Meriem Mrad, Ridha Mrissa, Brahim Nsiri
Background: The angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE) insertion/deletion (I/D or indel) polymorphism has long been linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD), but the interpretation of established data remains controversial. The aim of this study was to determine whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme is associated with the risk of Alzheimer's disease in Tunisian patients. Methods: We analyzed the genotype and allele frequency distribution of the ACE I/D gene polymorphism in 60 Tunisian AD patients and 120 healthy controls...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172737/relationship-between-shift-work-schedule-and-self-reported-sleep-quality-in-chinese-employees
#16
Yifei Ma, Fu Wei, Guanghui Nie, Li'e Zhang, Jian Qin, Suwan Peng, Feng Xiong, Zhiyong Zhang, Xiaobo Yang, Xiaowu Peng, Mingjun Wang, Yunfeng Zou
Few studies have reported on the effects of fixed and rotating shift systems on the prevalence of sleep disturbance. Thus, in this study, the relationships between different work schedules and sleep disturbance in Chinese workers were investigated. A total of 2180 workers aged 19-65 years responded to the self-report questionnaire on shift work schedule (fixed day-shift, fixed night-shift, two-shift or three-shift system), working hours a day, and working days a week, physical effort, subjective sleep quality and subjective mental state...
November 27, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172562/association-between-perceptions-of-military-service-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-united-states-military-veterans
#17
Allison A Campbell, Blair E Wisco, Brian P Marx, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the prevalence of positive and negative perceptions of military service, associations between these perceptions and other demographic and military-related factors, and the extent to which endorsement of positive and negative perceptions of military service are associated with current mental health problems among United States veterans. METHOD: We analyzed data from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a nationally representative survey of 1,484 United States military veterans, 564 of which reported combat exposure...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171862/deployment-related-military-sexual-trauma-predicts-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-problems-among-male-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#18
Jennifer Fillo, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) is associated with a range of deleterious mental and physical health consequences; however, far less attention has been paid to the associations between MST and negative health behaviors, such as substance abuse. This study examined 2 focal research questions: (i) What is the prevalence of experiencing MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers? and (ii) to what extent is the degree of MST exposure during deployment associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems postdeployment? METHODS: Data from male soldiers who had been deployed (N = 248) were drawn from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY (Soldiers And Families Excelling Through the Years) an ongoing study examining health among U...
November 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166250/differences-by-sex-in-association-of-mental-health-with-video-gaming-or-other-nonacademic-computer-use-among-us-adolescents
#19
Hogan H Lee, Jung Hye Sung, Ji-Young Lee, Jae Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although numerous studies have examined the association between playing video games and cognitive skills, aggression, and depression, few studies have examined how these associations differ by sex. The objective of our study was to determine differences by sex in association between video gaming or other nonacademic computer use and depressive symptoms, suicidal behavior, and being bullied among adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey on 15,624 US high school students...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163137/multiple-evidences-for-association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-dysglycemia-in-parkinson-s-disease-implications-for-clinical-practice
#20
Liu Yang, Zhilin Chen, Bo Li, Meihua Wang, Lijia Yu, Ying Wan, Jing Gan, Yu Zhang, Zhenguo Liu, Xijin Wang
Background and purpose: It remains unclear about the etiopathogenesis of cognitive impairment (CI) in Parkinson's disease (PD). Since diabetes mellitus (DM) has been shown to be associated with CI in several diseases, we examined the association between CI and dysglycemia in PD. Methods: Enrolled PD patients completed a series of clinical and neuropsychological assessments. Motor symptoms were determined by Hohen-Yahr staging (H-Y staging) and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale - motor score (UPDRS-III)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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