keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

at-risk mental state

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452780/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-cognitive-impairment-with-the-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-older-population
#1
Elena Lobo, Guillermo Marcos, Javier Santabárbara, Luis Lobo-Escolar, Helena Salvador-Rosés, Concepción De la Cámara, Raul Lopez-Anton, Patricia Gracia-García, Antonio Lobo-Escolar
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that differences by gender will be observed in the association of hip fracture risk with stages of cognitive impairment; and to explore the association between Petersen's "mild cognitive impairment" (MCI) and DSM-5 "mild neurocognitive disorder" (MND). STUDY DESIGN: A community sample of 4803 individuals aged 55+ years was assessed in a two-phase case-finding enquiry in Zaragoza, Spain, and was followed up for 16 years...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449185/association-of-coffee-consumption-and-non-motor-symptoms-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Bang-Hoon Cho, Seong-Min Choi, Joon-Tae Kim, Byeong C Kim
OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has an inverse association with the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between coffee consumption and non-motor symptoms (NMSs) in patients with PD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included 196 early-stage, treatment-naïve PD patients. Coffee consumption history was obtained via semi-structured interviews. NMSs were assessed using the Non-Motor Symptom assessment scale (NMSS)...
February 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447289/correlates-of-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-justice-involved-young-people
#3
Stephane Shepherd, Benjamin Spivak, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Henning Hachtel
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence and correlates of self-harm among young people in detention in Australia. The sample included 215 (177 male; 38 female) young people who were in youth detention in the state of Victoria, Australia. Participants were administered a series of questionnaires related to self-harm, mental health, socio-environmental experiences and behaviours. Overall, one-third (33%) of the sample reported previous self-harm and 12% reported at least one suicide attempt...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445294/anxiety-and-depression-in-general-practice-outpatients-the-long-term-change-process
#4
Fumio Shimada, Yoshiyuki Ohira, Yusuke Hirota, Akiko Ikegami, Takeshi Kondo, Kiyoshi Shikino, Shingo Suzuki, Kazutaka Noda, Takanori Uehara, Masatomi Ikusaka
Background and objectives: Patients who come for a consultation at a general practice clinic as outpatients often suffer from background anxiety and depression. The psychological state of such patients can alleviate naturally; however, there are cases when these symptoms persist. This study investigated the realities and factors behind anxiety/depression becoming prolonged. Methods: Participants were 678 adult patients, who came to Department of General Medicine at Chiba University Hospital within a 1-year period starting from April 2012 and who completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) during their initial consultation...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443854/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-what-about-the-men-an-east-multicenter-trial
#5
Tanya L Zakrison, Rishi Rattan, Davel Milian Valdés, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Jessica George, Dante Yeh, Daniel Pust, Brian H Williams
INTRODUCTION: A recent EAST-supported, multicenter trial demonstrated a similar rate of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) between male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism. Our objective was to perform a subgroup analysis of our affected male cohort as this remains an understudied group in the trauma literature. METHODS: We conducted a recent EAST-supported, cross-sectional, multicenter trial over one year (03/15-04/16) involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439855/catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt-genetic-variants-are-associated-with-cognitive-decline-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Chin-Hsien Lin, Jun-Yu Fan, Han-I Lin, Chia-Wen Chang, Yih-Ru Wu
OBJECTIVE: Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), an enzyme that catalyzes the degradation of dopamine, is necessary for both motor and cognitive functions. Few studies have examined the association between COMT variants and cognition in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We assessed a cohort of 409 PD patients without dementia who were regularly followed for two years. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) were administered at baseline and during the follow-up...
February 9, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439346/chinese-herbal-medicine-for-vascular-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-high-quality-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Qing-Qing Xu, Chun-Shuo Shan, Yong Wang, Yi-Hua Shi, Qi-Hao Zhang, Guo-Qing Zheng
BACKGROUND: Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second common form of dementia and Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been used for aging-related disorders for thousands of years. However, there is still a lack of scientific evidence using CHM for VaD. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to assess the current evidence available for the effectiveness and safety of CHM for VaD. METHODS: Six databases were searched for high-quality randomized-controlled clinical trials that met the requirements of at least 4 of the 7 domains of the Cochrane risk of bias tool from their inception to February 2017...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438561/can-we-predict-psychosis-outside-the-clinical-high-risk-state-a-systematic-review-of-non-psychotic-risk-syndromes-for-mental-disorders
#8
Tae Young Lee, Junhee Lee, Minah Kim, Eugenie Choe, Jun Soo Kwon
Recent evidence has suggested that psychosis could develop not only in people at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR-P) but also in those with clinical risk syndromes for emergent nonpsychotic mental disorders. The proportion of people with these clinical risk syndromes who will develop psychosis rather than to other nonpsychotic mental disorders is undetermined. Electronic databases were searched for studies reporting on clinical risk syndromes for the development of emergent nonpsychotic mental disorders...
February 9, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435558/association-between-amyloid-and-tau-accumulation-in-young-adults-with-autosomal-dominant-alzheimer-disease
#9
Yakeel T Quiroz, Reisa A Sperling, Daniel J Norton, Ana Baena, Joseph F Arboleda-Velasquez, Danielle Cosio, Aaron Schultz, Molly Lapoint, Edmarie Guzman-Velez, John B Miller, Leo A Kim, Kewei Chen, Pierre N Tariot, Francisco Lopera, Eric M Reiman, Keith A Johnson
Importance: It is critically important to improve our ability to diagnose and track Alzheimer disease (AD) as early as possible. Individuals with autosomal dominant forms of AD can provide clues as to which and when biological changes are reliably present prior to the onset of clinical symptoms. Objective: To characterize the associations between amyloid and tau deposits in the brains of cognitively unimpaired and impaired carriers of presenilin 1 (PSEN1) E280A mutation...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431549/self-paced-cycling-improves-cognition-on-institutionalized-older-adults-without-known-cognitive-impairment-a-15-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Silvia Varela, José M Cancela, Manuel Seijo-Martinez, Carlos Ayán
This study aimed at identifying the effects of self-paced cycling on the cognitive and functional status and fall risk on institutionalized older adults without cognitive impairment. Thirty-nine individuals were randomly assigned to an exercise (EG) or to a control (CG) group. The EG participants cycled at their self-selected intensity at least for 15 minutes daily during 15 months. The CG participants performed recreational activities. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Fuld Object Memory Evaluation, and Symbol Digit Modality Test were used for cognitive assessments...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430638/effect-of-area-level-socioeconomic-deprivation-on-risk-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-older-adults
#11
Adrian McCann, Helene McNulty, Jan Rigby, Catherine F Hughes, Leane Hoey, Anne M Molloy, Conal J Cunningham, Miriam C Casey, Fergal Tracey, Maurice J O'Kane, Kevin McCarroll, Mary Ward, Katie Moore, J J Strain, Adrian Moore
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between area-level deprivation and risk of cognitive dysfunction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: The Trinity, Ulster, and Department of Agriculture (TUDA) study from 2008 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 74.0 ± 8.3 without dementia (N = 5,186; 67% female). MEASUREMENTS: Adopting a cross-jurisdictional approach, geo-referenced address-based information was used to map and link participants to official socioeconomic indicators of deprivation within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland...
February 12, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428881/childhood-adversity-increases-the-risk-of-onward-transmission-from-perinatal-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-youth-in-south-africa
#12
Rachel Kidman, Sharon Nachman, Janan Dietrich, Afaaf Liberty, Avy Violari
Repeated exposure to childhood adversity (abuse, neglect and other traumas experienced before age 18) can have lifelong impacts on health. For HIV-infected adolescents and youth, such impacts may include onward transmission of HIV. To evaluate this possibility, the current study measured the burden of childhood adversity and its influence on risky health behaviors among perinatally-infected adolescents and youth. We surveyed 250 perinatally-infected adolescents and youth (13-24 years) receiving care in Soweto, South Africa...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420239/depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-17-teams-of-female-football-players-including-10-german-first-league-teams
#13
Astrid Junge, Birgit Prinz
BACKGROUND: Information on the prevalence of mental health problems of elite athletes is inconclusive, most probably due to methodological limitations, such as low response rates, heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of depression and anxiety symptoms in high-level female football players. METHODS: Female football players of 10 German first league (Bundesliga) and 7 lower league teams were asked to answer a questionnaire on players' characteristics, the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413807/meta-analytical-prognostic-accuracy-of-the-comprehensive-assessment-of-at-risk-mental-states-caarms-the-need-for-refined-prediction
#14
D Oliver, M Kotlicka-Antczak, A Minichino, G Spada, P McGuire, P Fusar-Poli
Primary indicated prevention is reliant on accurate tools to predict the onset of psychosis. The gold standard assessment for detecting individuals at clinical high risk (CHR-P) for psychosis in the UK and many other countries is the Comprehensive Assessment for At Risk Mental States (CAARMS). While the prognostic accuracy of CHR-P instruments has been assessed in general, this is the first study to specifically analyse that of the CAARMS. As such, the CAARMS was used as the index test, with the reference index being psychosis onset within 2 years...
January 26, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407541/unique-trajectories-of-anxiety-among-chinese-canadian-women-across-the-first-postpartum-year-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Susitha Wanigaratne, Hilary K Brown, Sophie Grigoriadis, Flavia C Marini, Simone N Vigod
BACKGROUND: Our objectives were to identify subtypes of Chinese-Canadian women with unique trajectories of anxiety symptomatology over the first postpartum year, investigate covariates associated with group membership, and determine if mental healthcare utilization varies by group membership. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study of 570 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto, Canada with live births in 2010-2014. Covariates were age, immigrant status, income, fatigue, social support, acculturative stress, and depression...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406912/tnf-%C3%AE-308-g-a-and-238-g-a-promoter-polymorphisms-and-sporadic-parkinson-s-disease-in-an-italian-cohort
#16
Cristina Agliardi, Franca Rosa Guerini, Milena Zanzottera, Giulio Riboldazzi, Roberta Zangaglia, Giorgio Bono, Carlo Casali, Cherubino Di Lorenzo, Claudio Pacchetti, Raffaello Nemni, Mario Clerici
The etiology of sporadic Parkinson's disease is (PD) still not understood but it is believed that a complex interplay between environmental and genetic factors could trigger the pathology. Pro-inflammatory TNF-α is released by activated microglia and is up-regulated in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid of PD patients; TNF-α modulates neuroinflammation and can activate the molecular mechanisms that lead to neurotoxicity and neuronal death. We analyzed two functional SNPs within the TNF-α gene promoter (rs361525 and rs1800629) in 354 Italian PD patients and 443 healthy controls (HC)...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406288/emotional-effect-of-the-loss-of-one-or-both-fetuses-in-a-monochorionic-twin-pregnancy
#17
Mònica Druguet, Laura Nuño, Carlota Rodó, Silvia Arévalo, Elena Carreras, Juana Gómez-Benito
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychological effect on women of the loss of one or both fetuses during a monochorionic twin pregnancy and to identify associated protective and risk factors. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational study. SETTING: Maternity unit of the Vall d'Hebron University Hospital in Barcelona, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight White Spanish women who lost one or both fetuses during a monochorionic twin pregnancy...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401504/anxiety-fatigue-and-attentional-bias-toward-threat-in-patients-with-hematopoietic-tumors
#18
Kohei Koizumi, Jun Tayama, Toshiyuki Ishioka, Hiromi Nakamura-Thomas, Makoto Suzuki, Motohiko Hara, Shigeru Makita, Toyohiro Hamaguchi
Cancer patients with hematopoietic tumors exhibit particularly high rates of anxiety disorders and depression, and often develop negative affect. In addition, psychological problems experienced by cancer patients impair their quality of life. When cancer patients feel anxious, they tend to direct their attention toward stimuli associated with threat in the surrounding environment. If attentional bias occurs in patients with hematopoietic tumors, who are at particular risk of developing negative affect, resolution of the bias could be useful in alleviating their anxiety...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399842/suicide-risk-and-resiliency-factors-among-hispanic-teens-in-new-mexico-schools-can-make-a-difference
#19
Meryn Hall, Lynne Fullerton, Courtney FitzGerald, Dan Green
BACKGROUND: Youth suicide is a serious public health problem in the United States. School environments, and the attention of school adults, are promising but minimally studied avenues for promoting mental health among students. METHODS: The 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey data were analyzed to identify ways in which the school environment influences suicide attempts in a sample of Hispanic students. Factors examined were: relationships with school adults, speaking a language other than English at home, being born outside the United States and not having enough to eat...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394884/effects-of-tai-chi-on-cognition-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-dwelling-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#20
Mei-Yi Siu, Diana T F Lee
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment places older adults at high risk of functional disability in their daily-life activities, and thus affecting their quality of life. This study aimed to examine the effects of Tai Chi on general cognitive functions and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in community-dwelling older people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Hong Kong. METHODS: The study adopted a multi-site nonequivalent control-group pretest-posttest design...
February 2, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
keyword
keyword
76982
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"