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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212153/new-therapies-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-exacerbations-of-bronchiectasis
#1
Hani Abo-Leyah, James D Chalmers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exacerbations of bronchiectasis have a major impact on quality of life, healthcare costs, and long-term risk of complications. Preventing exacerbations is one of the major goals of treatment. Bronchiectasis is increasingly recognized and the impact of bronchiectasis exacerbations on daily clinical practice is also increasing. RECENT FINDINGS: Preventing bronchiectasis exacerbations are dependent on appropriate risk assessment, identifying the patients at highest risk to rationally target preventive therapies...
February 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209040/-establishment-and-application-effect-appraisement-of-community-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-integrated-management-system
#2
D X Zhao, S Y Chen, Y M Zhou, X C Li, W F Zou, X M Chen, P X Ran
Objective: To establish the COPD community integrated management system suitable for our national situation and assess its effects in the prevention and treatment for COPD. Methods: The COPD community integrated management system based on the electronic management system was established, including the functional modules of preliminary screening for COPD, electronic health record, grading management and dual referral system, ect. Two townships were randomly selected from the rural areas in north Guangdong as Observational Community and Control Community, respectively...
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186686/combined-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-and-one-way-endobronchial-valve-placement-in-patients-with-pulmonary-emphysema-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#3
Hugo Goulart de Oliveira, Fernanda Ferreira Cruz, Mariana Alves Antunes, Amarilio Vieira de Macedo Neto, Guilherme Augusto Oliveira, Fabio Munhoz Svartman, Tamara Borgonovo, Carmen Lucia Kuniyoshi Rebelatto, Daniel J Weiss, Paulo Roberto Slud Brofman, Marcelo Marcos Morales, José Roberto Lapa E Silva, Patricia Rieken Macedo Rocco
One-way endobronchial valves (EBV) insertion to reduce pulmonary air trapping has been used as therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. However, local inflammation may result and can contribute to worsening of clinical status in these patients. We hypothesized that combined EBV insertion and intrabronchial administration of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) would decrease the inflammatory process, thus mitigating EBV complications in severe COPD patients. This initial study sought to investigate the safety of this approach...
December 9, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182151/patterns-and-characterization-of-copd-exacerbations-using-real-time-data-collection
#4
Stanley I Ejiofor, Jan Stolk, Pablo Fernandez, Robert A Stockley
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease often experience exacerbations. These events are important as they are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Recently, it has been increasingly recognized that patients may experience symptoms suggestive of an exacerbation but do not seek treatment, which are referred to as unreported or untreated exacerbations. Symptom diaries used in clinical trials have the benefit of identifying both treated and untreated exacerbation events...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176907/a-randomized-trial-of-once-daily-fluticasone-furoate-vilanterol-or-vilanterol-versus-placebo-to-determine-effects-on-arterial-stiffness-in-copd
#5
Surya P Bhatt, Mark T Dransfield, John R Cockcroft, Jie Wang-Jairaj, Dawn A Midwinter, David B Rubin, Catherine A Scott-Wilson, Courtney Crim
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Elevated arterial stiffness, measured by aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV), is a cardiovascular risk surrogate and is potentially modifiable by inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting beta2-agonist combinations in patients with COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of once-daily inhaled fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (FF/VI) 100/25 µg, VI 25 µg, versus placebo on arterial stiffness in patients with COPD and baseline aPWV ≥11...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176892/comparative-efficacy-of-long-acting-%C3%AE-2-agonists-as-monotherapy-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#6
James F Donohue, Keith A Betts, Ella Xiaoyan Du, Pablo Altman, Pankaj Goyal, Dorothy L Keininger, Jean-Bernard Gruenberger, James E Signorovitch
PURPOSE: Long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) have demonstrated efficacy in patients with COPD in clinical trials. The purpose of this study was to assess the comparative efficacy of all available dosages of all LABA monotherapies using a network meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature review identified 33 randomized controlled trials of LABA monotherapies (salmeterol 50 μg twice daily [BID]; formoterol 12 μg BID; indacaterol 75, 150, and 300 μg once daily [OD]; olodaterol 5 and 10 μg OD, and vilanterol 25 μg OD)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164255/late-onset-asthma-a-diagnostic-and-management-challenge
#7
Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
Late-onset asthma is common, associated with poor outcome, underdiagnosed and undertreated, possibly due to the modifying effect of ageing on disease expression. Although the diagnostic work-up in elderly individuals suspected of having asthma follows the same steps as in younger individuals (case history and spirometry), it is important to acknowledge that elderly individuals are likely to have diminished bronchodilator reversibility and some degree of fixed airflow obstruction. Elderly individuals, therefore, often require further objective tests, including bronchial challenge testing, to objectively confirm asthma...
February 6, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146642/randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial-of-roflumilast-at-acute-exacerbations-of-copd
#8
Alex J Mackay, Anant Rc Patel, Richa Singh, Raymond J Sapsford, Gavin C Donaldson, Niyati Prasad, Udo-Michael Goehring, Tsz Keung Nip, Jadwiga A Wedzicha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137918/physical-activity-is-increased-by-a-12-week-semiautomated-telecoaching-programme-in-patients-with-copd-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
H Demeyer, Z Louvaris, A Frei, R A Rabinovich, C de Jong, E Gimeno-Santos, M Loeckx, S C Buttery, N Rubio, T Van der Molen, N S Hopkinson, I Vogiatzis, M A Puhan, J Garcia-Aymerich, M I Polkey, T Troosters
RATIONALE: Reduced physical activity (PA) in patients with COPD is associated with a poor prognosis. Increasing PA is a key therapeutic target, but thus far few strategies have been found effective in this patient group. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of a 12-week semiautomated telecoaching intervention on PA in patients with COPD in a multicentre European randomised controlled trial. METHODS: 343 patients from six centres, encompassing a wide spectrum of disease severity, were randomly allocated to either a usual care group (UCG) or a telecoaching intervention group (IG) between June and December 2014...
January 30, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115839/dual-bronchodilation-in-copd-lung-function-and-patient-reported-outcomes-a-review
#10
REVIEW
David Price, Anders Østrem, Mike Thomas, Tobias Welte
Several fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) of long-acting bronchodilators (a long-acting muscarinic antagonist [LAMA] plus a long-acting β2-agonist [LABA]) are available for the treatment of COPD. Studies of these FDCs have demonstrated substantial improvements in lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second) in comparison with their respective constituent monocomponents. Improvements in patient-reported outcomes (PROs), such as symptoms and health status, as well as exacerbation rates, have been reported compared with a LABA or LAMA alone, but results are less consistent...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114928/effects-of-periodontal-treatment-on-exacerbation-frequency-and-lung-function-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-study-protocol-of-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sergio Romero Santos, Erika Horácio Pinto, Priscila Larcher Longo, Simone Dal Corso, Fernanda Cordoba Lanza, Rafael Stelmach, Samia Zahi Rached, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been associated with periodontal disease (PD), and periodontal treatment (PT) has been connected to reduction of lung disease exacerbations. Bronchiectasis has many clinical similarities with COPD but, although it is also a chronic lung disease, to date it has not been studied with relation to PD. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether PT associated with photodynamic therapy (PDT) reduces the number of exacerbations, improves pulmonary function, periodontal clinical parameters and quality of life after 1 year of periodontal treatment follow-up...
January 23, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109565/the-effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Kaushal Fowdar, Huan Chen, Zhiyi He, Jiujin Zhang, Xiaoning Zhong, Jianquan Zhang, Meihua Li, Jing Bai
N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Its effects on chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD) outcomes, including exacerbation of and changes in lung function parameters, are controversial. To investigate the effects of NAC on COPD exacerbation and changes in lung function parameters in patients with COPD. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials retrieved from PubMed and Medline databases (12 trials; 2691 patients). High-dose [relative ratio (RR) = 0.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0...
January 18, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099192/aerobic-exercise-training-in-very-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mara Paneroni, Carla Simonelli, Michele Vitacca, Nicolino Ambrosino
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise training in patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases using the following as search terms: COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Exercise, and Pulmonary Rehabilitation. We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of subjects with forced expiratory volume in the first second of less than 35% of the predicted normal value enrolled in in-patient, outpatient, or home- or community-based training programs lasting at least 4 weeks with respect to usual care...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089799/positive-airway-pressure-therapies-and-hospitalization-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Monica M Vasquez, Leslie A McClure, Duane L Sherrill, Sanjay R Patel, Jerry Krishnan, Stefano Guerra, Sairam Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) places a huge healthcare burden. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is sometimes used in COPD patients, but the possible impact on hospitalization risk remains controversial. We studied the hospitalization risk of COPD patients before and after initiation of various PAP therapies in a "real-world" bioinformatics study. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of administrative claims data of hospitalizations in patients with COPD who received or did not receive PAP therapy - continuous PAP, bilevel PAP, and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation using a home ventilator (NIPPV)...
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069009/multi-center-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-nocturnal-oxygen-therapy-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-study-protocol-for-the-inox-trial
#15
Yves Lacasse, Sarah Bernard, Frédéric Sériès, Van Hung Nguyen, Jean Bourbeau, Shawn Aaron, François Maltais
BACKGROUND: Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) is the only component of the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that improves survival in patients with severe daytime hypoxemia. LTOT is usually provided by a stationary oxygen concentrator and is recommended to be used for at least 15-18 h a day. Several studies have demonstrated a deterioration in arterial blood gas pressures and oxygen saturation during sleep in patients with COPD, even in those not qualifying for LTOT...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065635/meals-enhancing-nutrition-after-discharge-findings-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#16
David R Buys, Anthony D Campbell, Alice Godfryd, Kellie Flood, Elizabeth Kitchin, Meredith L Kilgore, Sally Allocca, Julie L Locher
BACKGROUND: After older adults experience episodes of poor health or are hospitalized, they may not return to premorbid or prehospitalization eating behaviors. Furthermore, poor nutrition increases hospital readmission risk, but evidence-based interventions addressing these risks are limited. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial assessing a post-discharge home-delivered meal program's impact on older adults' nutritional intake and hospital readmissions and to assess patient acceptability and satisfaction with the program...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047750/we-fg-206-08-pulmonary-functional-imaging-biomarkers-of-nsclc-to-guide-and-optimize-functional-lung-avoidance-radiotherapy
#17
Khadija Sheikh, Dante Pi Capaldi, Douglas A Hoover, David A Palma, Brian P Yaremko, Grace Parraga
PURPOSE: Functional lung avoidance radiotherapy promises optimized therapy planning by minimizing dose to well-functioning lung and maximizing dose to the rest of the lung. Patients with NSCLC commonly present with co-morbid COPD and heterogeneously distributed ventilation abnormalities stemming from emphysema, airways disease, and tumour burden. We hypothesized that pulmonary functional imaging methods may be used to optimize radiotherapy plans to avoid regions of well-functioning lung and significantly improve outcomes like quality-of-life and survival...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045962/association-of-tsh-elevation-with-all-cause-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Mei-Hsing Chuang, Kuo-Meng Liao, Yao-Min Hung, Yi-Chang Chou, Pesus Chou
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a widespread condition in the global population and is more common in the elderly. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level increases with aging, and hypothyroidism is highly prevalent in CKD patients. However, the relationship between low thyroid function and mortality in CKD patients is unclear. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the relationship between TSH elevation and all-cause mortality in elderly patients with CKD. This retrospective cohort study included individuals ≥65 years old with CKD (n = 23,786) in Taipei City...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994451/exercise-training-alone-or-with-the-addition-of-activity-counseling-improves-physical-activity-levels-in-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
Aroub Lahham, Christine F McDonald, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is associated with poor outcomes in COPD, and as a result, interventions to improve physical activity (PA) are a current research focus. However, many trials have been small and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to study the effects of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) targeting PA in COPD. METHODS: Databases (Physiotherapy Evidence Database [PEDro], Embase, MEDLINE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials) were searched using the following keywords: "COPD", "intervention" and "physical activity" from inception to May 20, 2016; published RCTs that aimed to increase PA in individuals with COPD were included...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992469/statins-have-no-additional-benefit-for-pulmonary-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Lin Wang, Moying Qu, Yao Chen, Yaxiong Zhou, Zhi Wan
OBJECTIVES: We performed a meta-analysis to explore the effects of adding statins to standard treatment on adult patients of pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: A systematic search up to December, 2015 of Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was performed to identify randomized controlled trials with PH patients treated with statins. RESULTS: Five studies involving 425 patients were included into this meta-analysis...
2016: PloS One
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