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fMRI, brainstem stroke

David E J Linden, Duncan L Turner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent developments in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have catalyzed a new field of translational neuroscience. Using fMRI to monitor the aspects of task-related changes in neural activation or brain connectivity, investigators can offer feedback of simple or complex neural signals/patterns back to the participant on a quasireal-time basis [real-time-fMRI-based neurofeedback (rt-fMRI-NF)]. Here, we introduce some background methodology of the new developments in this field and give a perspective on how they may be used in neurorehabilitation in the future...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Sheng Li, Gerard E Francisco
Spasticity is one of many consequences after stroke. It is characterized by a velocity-dependent increase in resistance during passive stretch, resulting from hyperexcitability of the stretch reflex. The underlying mechanism of the hyperexcitable stretch reflex, however, remains poorly understood. Accumulated experimental evidence has supported supraspinal origins of spasticity, likely from an imbalance between descending inhibitory and facilitatory regulation of spinal stretch reflexes secondary to cortical disinhibition after stroke...
2015: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Caterina Mainero, Wei-Ting Zhang, Ashok Kumar, Bruce R Rosen, A Gregory Sorensen
Following injury and inflammation, pain to light stroking (dynamic mechanical allodynia) might develop at the damaged site (primary area) or in adjacent normal tissue (secondary area). Using fMRI we mapped changes in the spinal trigeminal nucleus (spV), and supraspinal brainstem nuclei following heat/capsaicin-induced primary and secondary dynamic mechanical allodynia in the human trigeminal system. The role of these structures in dynamic mechanical allodynia has not been clarified yet in humans. During the control session we applied the same mechanical stimuli to the same untreated trigeminal area...
April 15, 2007: NeuroImage
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