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pontine infarct

Wai Kwong Tang, Xiang Xin Liu, Huajun Liang, Yang Kun Chen, Winnie Chiu Wing Chu, Anil T Ahuja, Jill Abrigo, Vincent Chung Tong Mok, Gabor S Ungvari, Ka Sing Wong, Gianfranco Spalletta
The role of the infarct location in the development of poststroke agitation (PSA) is largely unknown. This study examined the association between the locations of infarcts and PSA at 9 months following the index stroke in 213 patients with the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Compared with the non-PSA group, PSA patients had a higher number and volume of acute pontine infarcts. Ventral pontine and lateral cerebellar infarcts were independent predictors of PSA in the multivariate analysis.
October 6, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Edgard Verdura, Dominique Hervé, Françoise Bergametti, Clémence Jacquet, Typhaine Morvan, Carol Prieto-Morin, Alexandre Mackowiak, Eric Manchon, Hassan Hosseini, Charlotte Cordonnier, Isabelle Girard-Buttaz, Sophie Rosenstingl, Christian Hagel, Gregor Kuhlenbaümer, Elena Leca-Radu, Didier Goux, Lauren Fleming, Tom Van Agtmael, Hugues Chabriat, Françoise Chapon, Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD) is an heterogeneous group of disorders. Screening of known cSVD genes identifies the causative mutation in less than 15% of familial cSVD cases. We sought to identify novel causes of cSVD. METHODS: We used linkage analysis and exome sequencing to identify the causal mutation in a French cSVD family. The identified candidate gene was then screened in 202 cSVD unrelated probands, including one proband from the first reported Pontine Autosomal Dominant MicroAngiopathy with Leukoencephalopathy (PADMAL) family...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Neurology
Stefan Kliesch, Christian Bauknecht, Georg Bohner, Thomas Liebig, Eberhard Siebert
We report a rare case of entrapment of the basilar artery into the sphenoid bone caused by a longitudinal fracture of the clivus. Using high resolution three-dimensional flat panel angiography, we show preservation of the basilar artery perforators in spite of severe stenosis of the entrapped segment of the basilar artery. There were no obvious signs and symptoms of posterior fossa stroke clinically or radiographically as far as could be assessed under given clinical circumstances.
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Yuri Nakamura, Kei-Ichiro Takase, Takuya Matsushita, Satoshi Yoshimura, Ryo Yamasaki, Hiroyuki Murai, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Jun-Ichi Kira
A 34-year-old man presented with an acute onset of upbeat nystagmus, slurred speech, and limb and truncal ataxias. The patient had a history of limb ataxia and gait disturbance previously treated as brainstem encephalitis with corticosteroids 3 years previously. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed pontine developmental venous anomaly (DVA) and hemorrhagic infarction within the drainage territory of the DVA. Three months later, the patient exhibited recurrent limb ataxia, double vision, and numbness of the left side of the body...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Stefan Kliesch, Christian Bauknecht, Georg Bohner, Thomas Liebig, Eberhard Siebert
We report a rare case of entrapment of the basilar artery into the sphenoid bone caused by a longitudinal fracture of the clivus. Using high resolution three-dimensional flat panel angiography, we show preservation of the basilar artery perforators in spite of severe stenosis of the entrapped segment of the basilar artery. There were no obvious signs and symptoms of posterior fossa stroke clinically or radiographically as far as could be assessed under given clinical circumstances.
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Haruka Takeshige, Yuji Ueno, Koji Kamagata, Fuyuko Sasaki, Kazuo Yamashiro, Ryota Tanaka, Shigeki Aoki, Nobutaka Hattori
BACKGROUND: Midbrain infarction shows diverse patterns of ophthalmoplegia; however, the association of ophthalmoplegia with a precise microanatomy has not been fully studied. Here, we report a patient with characteristic ophthalmoplegia and explore the associated pathologic fiber tracts using diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS: A 21-year-old woman with an 11-year history of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) abruptly developed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) with upward gaze and convergence palsies...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Ki-Woong Nam, Jae-Sung Lim, Dong-Wan Kang, Yong-Seok Lee, Moon-Ku Han, Hyung-Min Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Pontine infarction is a common type of brain stem infarction and early neurological deterioration (END). We evaluated the possibility of severe white matter hyperintensity (WMH) as a predictor of END in isolated pontine infarction. METHODS: We recruited 2 types of patients with isolated pontine infarction within 24 h from symptom onset. END was defined as an increase of ≥1 point on the motor National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) or ≥2 points on the total NIHSS score within 72 h from admission...
August 18, 2016: European Neurology
Lance J Lyons, Susan W Law, John L Kubie
A paramedian pontine stroke may herald the unique symptom of "salt and pepper" eye pain, in which patients describe the sensation of pepper rubbed into the eye. While localization of the lesion is a common thread among published cases, the mechanism for the sensation of eye pain is still a matter of conjecture. It is important for clinicians to be aware of this unique symptom because strokes rarely present with eye pain and failure to establish this diagnosis might lead to a poor clinical outcome.
August 12, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Kazuyuki Saito, Mayumi Doi, Motohiro Karikusa, Konomi Sakata, Hiroki Sasaguri, Shuta Toru
We report here a 70 year-old male on maintenance hemodialysis who presented non-paralytic pontine exotropia. Brain MRI showed new right pons infarct. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed a mobile calcification at posterior mitral leaflet with rapid growing compared to 14 days ago. Neurological symptoms disappeared at least 10 days by a treatment with aspirin. Calcification reduced by a follow-up transthoracic echocardiography after 90 days from the beginning of neurological symptoms. We diagonosed him with cerebral infarction during the course of mobile mitral annular calcification-related calcified amorphous tumor...
August 31, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Shinichiro Maeshima, Tetsuya Tsunoda, Sayaka Okamoto, Yasunori Ozeki, Shigeru Sonoda
A 62-year-old right-handed man was diagnosed with a cerebral infarction in the ventromedial region of the left lower pons. He showed left abducens nerve palsy, left-sided supranuclear palsy of the lower part of the face and right hemiparesis. We hypothesized that the mechanism underlying the patient's ipsilateral supranuclear facial palsy involved the corticofacial fibers after they crossed the midline.
2016: Internal Medicine
Ali S Haider
Vertebrobasilar stroke carries a high mortality rate and can have symptom patterns that are complex and difficult to diagnose. Isolated infarcts of the pons are uncommon and the neuro-ophthalmic presentation of pontine stroke can be quite variable. There is a paucity of cases in the literature documenting neuro-ophthalmic pathology as the sole or primary manifestation of pontine stroke. Here is presented the case of a unilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) with concomitant skew deviation, contralesional exotropia and ipsiversive torsional nystagmus as the initial and only presenting feature of an isolated pontine stroke...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Yu-Hsiang Su, Sheng-Feng Sung
PURPOSE: Spontaneous hemorrhagic transformation is common in anterior circulation infarction, but is rarely seen in brainstem infarction. We report a case of massive symptomatic brainstem hemorrhagic transformation in a patient with pontine infarction treated with only antiplatelet agents. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old man presented with acute dysarthria and right sided weakness. His Glasgow coma scale was E3 V5 M6. His pupils were pinpoint in size and minimally reactive to light...
March 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Carlos García-Esperón, Elena López-Cancio, Lorena Martín-Aguilar, Mónica Millán, Carlos Castaño, Josep Munuera, Antoni Dávalos
The "pontine warning syndrome" is characterized by recurrent episodes of motor hemiparesis, dysarthria and horizontal gaze palsy associated with basilar artery branch infarction. We report a case of a patient who presented with recurrent, self-limited episodes of locked-in syndrome, related to a bilateral pontine infarction. As far as we know, this clinical presentation as a subtype of pontine warning syndrome has never been described. We discuss the case, the differential diagnosis of the neuroimaging and the possible underlying mechanism...
October 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
Susan J Barlow
Spasticity is a common impairment found in patients that have been diagnosed with a stroke. Little is known about the pathophysiology of spasticity at the level of the brain. This retrospective study was performed to identify an association between the area of the brain affected by an ischemic stroke and the presence of acute spasticity. Physical and occupational therapy assessments from all patients (n = 441) that had suffered a stroke and were admitted into a local hospital over a 4-year period were screened for inclusion in this study...
June 2016: Somatosensory & Motor Research
Matthew R B Evans, Robert A Weeks
The anatomical localisation of brainstem syndromes is the domain of the clinical neurologist, though MRI has made an encyclopaedic knowledge of neuroanatomy less crucial. Isolated pontine syndromes comprise ∼20% of the brainstem lacunar syndromes. Typical presentations such as pure motor hemiparesis and ataxic hemiparesis are easily recognisable but atypical syndromes, particularly when bilateral, may present with puzzling signs. We discuss a patient with an unusual acute bilateral brainstem syndrome, in whom MRI was contraindicated...
June 27, 2016: Practical Neurology
Sung Ho Jang, Jun Lee, Mi Young Lee, So Min Park, Won Hee Choi, Kyung Hee Do
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the remaining corticospinal tract (CST) as determined by diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and 6-month motor outcome in patients with pontine infarct. Ratios of fractional anisotropy (FA), fiber number (FN), and CST area were calculated, and the FN ratio and CST area ratio showed significant correlation with all 6-month motor outcome. Thus, the remaining CST in the pons measured using DTI at early stage of stroke could predict motor outcome in patients with pontine infarct...
June 2016: Somatosensory & Motor Research
Lumeng Yang, Wenjie Cao, Fei Wu, Yifeng Ling, Xin Cheng, Qiang Dong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the predictive factors for super-acute perforating artery infarctions (PAI) involving lenticulostriate arteries infarctions (LSAI), anterior pontine arteries infarctions (APAI) and thalamic arteries infarctions (TAI). Whether intravenous thrombolysis (iv-tPA) therapy would influence the clinical outcome was also studied. METHODS: We analyzed 84 consecutive patients within 12h of stroke symptom onset from January 2008 to June 2015...
June 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Jun Hirai, Yuka Yamagishi, Daisuke Sakanashi, Yusuke Koizumi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Hiroshige Mikamo
We report herein on a case of bacteremia caused by Ochrobactrum intermedium (O. intermedium) identified with biotyper matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). An 86-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with paralysis of the right side of the body and dysphagia. He was diagnosed as having a pontine infarction based on the brain MRI findings and was admitted to hospital to have anti-platelet therapy. Three days after admission, he had a fever. Although he had redness and swelling at the peripheral venous catheter insertion site, he was diagnosed as having aspiration pneumonia, since he had fine crackles on auscultation...
March 2016: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Sung Ho Jang, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
Krishna Amuluru, Fawaz Al-Mufti, Stephen Hannaford, Inder Paul Singh, Charles J Prestigiacomo, Chirag D Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) are variations of normal transmedullary veins draining white and gray matter. In the vast majority of cases, DVAs are diagnosed incidentally and should be considered as benign entities. In extremely rare circumstances, DVAs may become symptomatic due to mechanical or flow-related etiologies. Thrombosis of the collector vein of a DVA is a rare type of a flow-related complication with only 29 cases reported in the literature, the majority of which are supratentorial...
March 2016: Interventional Neurology
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