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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457436/-clinical-application-of-tibial-composite-saphenous-nervetissue-flap-for-the-treatment-of-traumatic-bone-skin-defect-of-leg
#1
Zhi-Wei Zhao, Wen-Jing Liu, Zhu-Qing Zha, Yan-Feng Li, Hui-Jun Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of tibial composite saphenous nerve tissue flap in repairing traumatic bone-skin defect of leg. METHODS: From February 2009 to May 2015, 23 patients with focile skin defect caused by trauma were treated, including 18 males and 5 females, aged from 8 to 59 years old with an average age of 35.6 years old. Length of tibia bone cortex defect ranged from 4 to 12 cm, width ranged from 2 to 2.5cm, skin defect ranged from 8 cm× 3 cm to 18 cm× 11 cm, all the wound surfaces had purulent exudation...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456914/is-cervical-bracing-necessary-after-one-and-two-level-instrumented-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-prospective-randomized-study
#2
Samuel C Overley, Robert K Merrill, Evan O Baird, Joshua J Meaike, Samuel K Cho, Andrew C Hecht, Sheeraz A Qureshi
Study Design: Prospective randomized control trial. Objective: To investigate the role of cervical collars in postoperative care following 1- and 2-level instrumented anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). Methods: The Cervical Spine Research Society Resident Fellow Grant funded this project. Fifty consecutive patients undergoing 1- or 2-level ACDF surgery were randomized into groups receiving either no brace or a cervical brace for 6 weeks postoperatively...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456709/anterior-spinal-instrumentation-combining-a-prosthetic-disc-nucleus-with-a-flexible-stabilization-device-manufacture-and-use-in-intervertebral-disc-repair
#3
Da Bao, Dawei Li
Artificial disc replacement alone is unable to completely cure cervical degenerative diseases; thus, a stabilization device markedly improves patient recovery. In order to meet this requirement, an anterior spinal instrumentation combining a prosthetic disc nucleus with a flexible stabilization device (ASI combining PDN/FD) was developed. An artificial disc was designed and manufactured using polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel (PVA-H) with a repeated freeze-melting technique, and subsequently the dehydration and swelling properties of the PVA-H were investigated...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456053/conjoint-analysis-of-treatment-preferences-for-nondisplaced-scaphoid-fractures
#4
Ronnie L Shammas, Nathan Mela, Scott Wallace, Betty C Tong, Joel Huber, Suhail K Mithani
PURPOSE: We used conjoint analysis to assess the relative importance of factors that influence a patient's decision between surgical or nonsurgical management of a nondisplaced scaphoid fracture. Our hypothesis was that out-of-pocket costs will have a greater influence on decision making than the time spent in a cast or brace, degree of soreness, or the risk of treatment failure. METHODS: Two-hundred and fifty participants were recruited using Amazon Mechanical Turk and asked to assume that they had experienced a nondisplaced scaphoid waist fracture...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455496/-comparison-of-therapeutic-effects-of-three-repair-methods-for-rotator-cuff-tears-under-arthroscopy
#5
Xiao-Bo Zhou, Jun-Bo Liang, Zhong-Yi Chen
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively study curative effects of three repair methods for rotator cuff tears under arthroscopy, and to explore relationships between different repair methods and cuff lesions. METHODS: From January 2009 to Jaunary 2014, a total of 353 patients with rotator cuff tears treated with surgical repair under arthroscopy were included in this study. All the patients were divided into three groups according to time of visitiny hospital and it was divided into three periods...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451746/bracing-for-disaster-specialists-step-up-their-preparations-for-emerging-and-evolving-infectious-disease-threats
#6
Bryn Nelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450606/combination-transarterial-chemoembolization-and-microwave-ablation-improves-local-tumor-control-for-3-to-5-cm-hepatocellular-carcinoma-when-compared-with-transarterial-chemoembolization-alone
#7
Amanda R Smolock, Mircea M Cristescu, Audrey Hinshaw, Kaitlin M Woo, Shane A Wells, Timothy J Ziemlewicz, Meghan G Lubner, Prasad S Dalvie, J Louis Hinshaw, Christopher L Brace, Orhan S Ozkan, Fred T Lee, Paul Laeseke
PURPOSE: To compare transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) monotherapy to combination TACE and microwave ablation (MWA) for local control of 3- to 5-cm hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with HCC between 3 and 5 cm treated with TACE monotherapy or combination TACE + MWA at a single institution between 2007 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-four HCCs (median diameter 3.8 cm) in 16 patients (13 males; median age 64 years) were treated using TACE monotherapy...
February 15, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446692/can-bracing-help-adults-with-chronic-back-pain-and-scoliosis-short-term-results-from-a-pilot-study
#8
Fabio Zaina, Martina Poggio, Sabrina Donzelli, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: Adult scoliosis is sometimes associated with back pain. Recently, the Peak ™ Scoliosis Brace was designed to alleviate pain in adult patients with scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of the Peak Scoliosis Brace in reducing pain in adult scoliosis patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental cohort study. METHODS: A total of 20 adult females with back pain secondary to idiopathic scoliosis were included...
February 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445128/the-brace-helices-of-mlkl-mediate-interdomain-communication-and-oligomerisation-to-regulate-cell-death-by-necroptosis
#9
Katherine A Davies, Maria C Tanzer, Michael D W Griffin, Yee Foong Mok, Samuel N Young, Rui Qin, Emma J Petrie, Peter E Czabotar, John Silke, James M Murphy
The programmed cell death pathway, necroptosis, relies on the pseudokinase, Mixed Lineage Kinase domain-Like (MLKL), for cellular execution downstream of death receptor or Toll-like receptor ligation. Receptor-interacting protein kinase-3 (RIPK3)-mediated phosphorylation of MLKL's pseudokinase domain leads to MLKL switching from an inert to activated state, where exposure of the N-terminal four-helix bundle (4HB) 'executioner' domain leads to cell death. The precise molecular details of MLKL activation, including the stoichiometry of oligomer assemblies, mechanisms of membrane translocation and permeabilisation, remain a matter of debate...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435500/three-dimensional-reconstructions-of-lenke-1a-curves
#10
J-C Bernard, E Berthonnaud, J Deceuninck, L Journoud-Rozand, G Notin, E Chaleat-Valayer
Background: Scoliosis is a 3D deformity that can be reconstructed through 2D antero-posterior and lateral radiographs, which provide an upper view of the deformed spine as well as regional planes matching all vertebrae of elective plane for each curve. The objective of this study is to explore whether all idiopathic scoliosis classified Lenke 1A have the same 3D representation made with regional planes. Methods: All patients treated for idiopathic thoracic scoliosis during the growth period and classified Lenke 1A were included in this study conducted in the pediatric spinal orthopedic department of Centre des Massues...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435499/2016-sosort-guidelines-orthopaedic-and-rehabilitation-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-during-growth
#11
REVIEW
Stefano Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Dariusz Czaprowski, Sanja Schreiber, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Helmut Diers, Theodoros B Grivas, Patrick Knott, Tomasz Kotwicki, Andrea Lebel, Cindy Marti, Toru Maruyama, Joe O'Brien, Nigel Price, Eric Parent, Manuel Rigo, Michele Romano, Luke Stikeleather, James Wynne, Fabio Zaina
Background: The International Scientific Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) produced its first guidelines in 2005 and renewed them in 2011. Recently published high-quality clinical trials on the effect of conservative treatment approaches (braces and exercises) for idiopathic scoliosis prompted us to update the last guidelines' version. The objective was to align the guidelines with the new scientific evidence to assure faster knowledge transfer into clinical practice of conservative treatment for idiopathic scoliosis (CTIS)...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430827/solution-structure-of-the-phd-finger-from-the-human-kiaa1045-protein
#12
Kazuhide Miyamoto, Ayumi Yamashita, Kazuki Saito
Cross-brace structural motifs are required as a scaffold to design artificial RING fingers (ARFs) that function as ubiquitin ligase (E3) in ubiquitination and have specific ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2)-binding capabilities. The Simple Modular Architecture Research Tool database predicted the amino acid sequence 131-190 (KIAA1045ZF) of the human KIAA1045 protein as an unidentified structural region. Herein, the stoichiometry of zinc ions estimated spectrophotometrically by the metallochromic indicator revealed that the KIAA1045ZF motif binds to two zinc atoms...
February 12, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426903/identifying-source-populations-for-the-reintroduction-of-the-eurasian-beaver-castor-fiber-l-1758-into-britain-evidence-from-ancient-dna
#13
Melissa M Marr, Selina Brace, Danielle C Schreve, Ian Barnes
Establishing true phylogenetic relationships between populations is a critical consideration when sourcing individuals for translocation. This presents huge difficulties with threatened and endangered species that have become extirpated from large areas of their former range. We utilise ancient DNA (aDNA) to reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships of a keystone species which has become extinct in Britain, the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber. We sequenced seventeen 492 bp partial tRNAPro and control region sequences from Late Pleistocene and Holocene age beavers and included these in network, demographic and genealogy analyses...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425307/concerns-about-ankle-injury-prophylaxis-and-acceptance-of-the-parachute-ankle-brace-among-jumpmaster-students
#14
Jeffrey D Fogle, Aaron C Jannings, Michael T Gross, Richard A Scheuring, Joshua Crist
Introduction: Several studies have shown that the parachute ankle brace (PAB) is safe, cost-effective, and reduces the rates of ankle injuries during military parachuting. However, the acceptability and usability of the PAB has not been well established in units that regularly do airborne exercises. Many anecdotal concerns in the past may be limiting common use. The purpose of the study is to ascertain the attitudes toward the PAB among experienced paratroopers. Methods: One hundred experienced paratroopers training to be jumpmasters at the Advanced Airborne School (Fort Bragg, NC) voluntarily responded to a 13-item, paper questionnaire to assess attitudes toward the PAB, its use, and concerns about future ankle injuries...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424762/can-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-arthrocentesis-be-successfully-performed-in-the-flexed-knee
#15
Sabeen Yaqub, Wilmer L Sibbitt, Philip A Band, James F Bennett, N Suzanne Emil, Monthida Fangtham, Roderick A Fields, William A Hayward, Scarlett K Kettwich, Luis P Roldan, Arthur D Bankhurst
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the extended or flexed knee positioning was superior for arthrocentesis and whether the flexed knee positioning could be improved by mechanical compression. METHODS: Fifty-five clinically effusive knees underwent arthrocentesis in a quality improvement intervention: 20 consecutive knees in the extended knee position using the superolateral approach, followed by 35 consecutive knees in the flexed knee position with and without an external compression brace placed on the suprapatellar bursa...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424164/-research-progress-on-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Li-Hua Cui
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common diseases that cause pain in the knee joint. At present, there is no specific diagnostic measure. The diagnosis of patellofemoral pain syndrome may be considered when imaging is performed without cartilage, ligament and soft tissue injuries. The etiology includes abnormalities of the patellar motion caused by various anatomical abnormalities, such as abnormal patellar position, increased Q angle, and excessive valgus foot. Dysfunction of the lower extremity muscles such as the imbalance of the four biceps and the dysfunction of the gluteal muscles also play an important role in the development of patellofemoral pain syndrome...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423248/capsular-augmentation-in-colonna-arthroplasty-for-the-management-of-chronic-hip-dislocation
#17
Matthew Sloan, Atul F Kamath
Colonna capsular arthroplasty represents an option for the management of chronic hip dislocation in young patients with dysplasia. In the appropriate patient, modern capsular arthroplasty procedures may provide an opportunity for hip preservation in patients with preserved femoral head cartilage and not appropriate for total hip arthroplasty. Here, we review our experience with surgical dislocation of the hip and capsular arthroplasty in a 27-year-old female with congenital hip dysplasia and chronic superior hip dislocation...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419720/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-neuromuscular-scoliosis-results-and-complications-in-a-series-of-one-hundred-patients
#18
Lotfi Miladi, Mathilde Gaume, Nejib Khouri, Michael Johnson, Vicken Topouchian, Christophe Glorion
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVES: To report the results of an alternative technique using a minimally invasive fusionless surgery. The originality is based on the progressive correction of the deformities with proximal and distal fixation and on the reliability of the pelvic fixation using ilio-sacral screws on osteoporotic bones. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal deformities are common in neuromuscular diseases. Conventional treatment involves bracing, followed by spinal instrumented fusion...
February 6, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419719/incidence-risk-factors-and-evolution-of-proximal-junctional-kyphosis-after-posterior-hemivertebra-resection-and-short-fusion-in-young-children-with-congenital-scoliosis
#19
Xi Chen, Liang Xu, Yong Qiu, Zhong-Hui Chen, Ze-Zhang Zhu, Song Li, Xu Sun
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, risk factors, and evolution of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in young children who underwent posterior hemivertebra resection and short fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJK is an undesired, but common complication following posterior spinal fusion. However, there is a paucity of data on PJK in young children after posterior hemivertebra resection and short fusion...
February 6, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419717/the-efficacy-of-brace-treatment-for-thoracolumbar-kyphosis-in-patients-with-achondroplasia
#20
Leilei Xu, Yetian Li, Fei Sheng, Chao Xia, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcome of brace treatment in the correction of thoracolumbar kyphosis (TLK) for patients with achondroplasia and to determine the factors associated with bracing efficacy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Brace treatment has been used to correct TLK in patients with achondroplasia. However, there was a paucity of knowledge concerning its effectiveness. METHODS: 33 achondroplasic patients treated by bracing were included in this study...
February 6, 2018: Spine
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