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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420442/updated-systematic-review-associations-between-proximity-to-animal-feeding-operations-and-health-of-individuals-in-nearby-communities
#1
REVIEW
Annette M O'Connor, Brent W Auvermann, Rungano S Dzikamunhenga, Julie M Glanville, Julian P T Higgins, Shelley P Kirychuk, Jan M Sargeant, Sarah C Totton, Hannah Wood, Susanna G Von Essen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to update a systematic review of associations between living near an animal feeding operation (AFO) and human health. METHODS: The MEDLINE® and MEDLINE® In-Process, Centre for Agricultural Biosciences Abstracts, and Science Citation Index databases were searched. Reference lists of included articles were hand-searched. Eligible studies reported exposure to an AFO and an individual-level human health outcome. Two reviewers performed study selection and data extraction...
April 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407505/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-providing-ankle-foot-orthoses-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-short-term-kinematic-and-spatiotemporal-effects-and-effects-of-timing
#2
Corien D M Nikamp, Marte S H Hobbelink, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman, Jaap H Buurke
Initial walking function is often limited after stroke, and regaining walking ability is an important goal in rehabilitation. Various compensatory movement strategies to ensure sufficient foot-clearance are reported. Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are often prescribed to improve foot-clearance and may influence these strategies. However, research studying effects of actual AFO-provision early after stroke is limited. We conducted an explorative randomized controlled trial and aimed to study the short-term effects of AFO-provision on kinematic and spatiotemporal parameters in patients early after stroke...
March 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378552/the-definition-of-past-tuberculosis-affects-the-magnitude-of-association-between-pulmonary-tuberculosis-and-respiratory-dysfunction-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2012
#3
Chang Jin Choi, Whan Seok Choi, Sook Young Lee, Kyung Soo Kim
Tuberculosis (TB) is associated with an increased risk of chronic lung impairment. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and lung functions according to definition of past TB. We used the population-based, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) (2008-2012) to analyze 13,522 subjects age 40 years or older who underwent spirometry and chest X-ray (CXR). Subjects with TB lesions on CXR (with or without a history of TB) were older, more likely to be male, ever smokers, and of low socioeconomic status than subjects with only a history of TB or without evidence of TB...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377710/fast-dynamical-coupling-enhances-frequency-adaptation-of-oscillators-for-robotic-locomotion-control
#4
Timo Nachstedt, Christian Tetzlaff, Poramate Manoonpong
Rhythmic neural signals serve as basis of many brain processes, in particular of locomotion control and generation of rhythmic movements. It has been found that specific neural circuits, named central pattern generators (CPGs), are able to autonomously produce such rhythmic activities. In order to tune, shape and coordinate the produced rhythmic activity, CPGs require sensory feedback, i.e., external signals. Nonlinear oscillators are a standard model of CPGs and are used in various robotic applications. A special class of nonlinear oscillators are adaptive frequency oscillators (AFOs)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324977/a-novel-method-to-assess-angle-sensor-performance-for-wearable-exoskeletal-joint-kinematics
#5
Nicholas B Bolus, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan
Full range of motion (ROM) at a joint is necessary for efficient and adaptive movement; as such, it is an essential clinical evaluation measure for assessing an individual's motor function, which can be affected by any number of musculoskeletal injuries and neuropathies. Measurement of joint ROM in the clinic has classically been accomplished statically through the use of a manual goniometer. More recent efforts in the fields of prosthetics and orthotics have demonstrated the potential utility of wearable systems (e...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284572/an-articulated-ankle-foot-orthosis-with-adjustable-plantarflexion-resistance-dorsiflexion-resistance-and-alignment-a-pilot-study-on-mechanical-properties-and-effects-on-stroke-hemiparetic-gait
#6
Toshiki Kobayashi, Michael S Orendurff, Grace Hunt, Lucas S Lincoln, Fan Gao, Nicholas LeCursi, K Bo Foreman
Mechanical properties of an articulated ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) are closely related to gait performance in individuals post-stroke. This paper presents a pilot study on the mechanical properties of a novel articulated AFO with adjustable plantarflexion resistance, dorsiflexion resistance and alignment, and its effect on ankle and knee joint kinematics and kinetics in an individual post-stroke during gait. The mechanical properties of the AFO were quantified. Gait analysis was performed using a 3D motion capture system with a split-belt instrumented treadmill under 12 different settings of the mechanical properties of the AFO [i...
March 8, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246134/precision-orthotics-optimising-ankle-foot-orthoses-to-improve-gait-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-diseases-protocol-of-the-proof-afo-study-a-prospective-intervention-study
#7
Niels F J Waterval, Frans Nollet, Jaap Harlaar, Merel-Anne Brehm
INTRODUCTION: In patients with neuromuscular disorders and subsequent calf muscle weakness, metabolic walking energy cost (EC) is nearly always increased, which may restrict walking activity in daily life. To reduce walking EC, a spring-like ankle-foot-orthosis (AFO) can be prescribed. However, the reduction in EC that can be obtained from these AFOs is stiffness dependent, and it is unknown which AFO stiffness would optimally support calf muscle weakness. The PROOF-AFO study aims to determine the effectiveness of stiffness-optimised AFOs on reducing walking EC, and improving gait biomechanics and walking speed in patients with calf muscle weakness, compared to standard, non-optimised AFOs...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227176/a-novel-method-to-assess-angle-sensor-performance-for-wearable-exoskeletal-joint-kinematics
#8
Nicholas B Bolus, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan, Nicholas B Bolus, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan, Nicholas B Bolus
Full range of motion (ROM) at a joint is necessary for efficient and adaptive movement; as such, it is an essential clinical evaluation measure for assessing an individual's motor function, which can be affected by any number of musculoskeletal injuries and neuropathies. Measurement of joint ROM in the clinic has classically been accomplished statically through the use of a manual goniometer. More recent efforts in the fields of prosthetics and orthotics have demonstrated the potential utility of wearable systems (e...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222565/carbon-modular-orthosis-ca-m-o-an%C3%A2-innovative-hybrid-modular-ankle-foot-orthosis-to-tune-the-variable-rehabilitation-needs-in-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#9
E Tavernese, M Petrarca, G Rosellini, E Di Stanislao, A Pisano, G Di Rosa, E Castelli
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic Celebral Palsy (CP) children commonly use AFO orthoses as walking aids. It is known that AFOs may have a detrimental effect on gait. To enhance mechanical properties of AFOs we developed an innovative, custom-made, carbon, ankle-foot orthosis (Ca.M.O) which offers the opportunity to tune its response to the patient's gait characteristics and/or functional maturity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of Ca.M.O. in improving gait in a group of hemiplegic CP children and to compare its performances with those of commonly prescribed AFO...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220573/a-comparison-of-two-types-of-ankle-supports-in-men-with-haemophilia-and-unilateral-ankle-pain-from-arthropathy
#10
D Oleson, L Fox, T Nguyen, P Sochacki, M McCarthy, E Adams, M Recht
INTRODUCTION: Adults with haemophilia frequently have a painful and disordered gait due to ankle arthropathy. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine if pain and gait parameters were affected by the use of different types of ankle bracing. METHODS: We investigated the gait patterns of 17 men with severe haemophilia without bracing, using a fracture boot (FB) and a carbon fibre floor reaction ankle foot orthosis (CF-AFO). Pain relief was determined in each condition...
February 20, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199875/examining-the-impacts-of-increased-corn-production-on-groundwater-quality-using-a-coupled-modeling-system
#11
Valerie Garcia, Ellen Cooter, James Crooks, Brian Hinckley, Mark Murphy, Xiangnan Xing
This study demonstrates the value of a coupled chemical transport modeling system for investigating groundwater nitrate contamination responses associated with nitrogen (N) fertilizer application and increased corn production. The coupled Community Multiscale Air Quality Bidirectional and Environmental Policy Integrated Climate modeling system incorporates agricultural management practices and N exchange processes between the soil and atmosphere to estimate levels of N that may volatilize into the atmosphere, re-deposit, and seep or flow into surface and groundwater...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153756/ameloblastic-fibrodentinoma-and-ameloblastic-fibro-odontoma-an-updated-systematic-review-of-cases-reported-in-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic, Ricardo Santiago Gomez
PURPOSE: To integrate the available data published on ameloblastic fibrodentinoma (AFD) and ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) into a comprehensive analysis of its clinical and radiologic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was undertaken in August 2016. Eligibility criteria included publications reporting cases of AFD or AFO with enough clinical, radiologic, and histologic information to confirm the diagnosis. Demographic data, lesion site and size, treatment approach, and recurrence were analyzed and compared between AFD and AFO...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025437/diverse-calcification-patterns-of-ameloblastic-fibro-odontoma-on-radiographic-examination
#13
Masao Araki, Shunsuke Namaki, Toshihiko Amemiya, Kunihito Matsumoto, Kazuya Honda, Yoshiyuki Yonehara, Naoyuki Matsumoto, Masatake Asano
The occurrence of ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO) in the oral region is unusual and accounts for 1-3% of all odontogenic tumors. AFO presents mixed radiopaque patterns within the lesion with diverse findings; therefore, it is important to compare this tumor with other odontogenic tumors that radiographically present with calcified bodies. Herein, we observed the calcification patterns within the lesion in seven AFO cases (five males, two females; mean age, 8.3 years; age range, 4-13 years). Periapical and panoramic radiographs were obtained from all seven cases...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009675/effects-of-foot-and-ankle-devices-on-balance-gait-and-falls-in-adults-with-sensory-perception-loss-a-systematic-review
#14
Joanne Paton, Anna L Hatton, Keith Rome, Bridie Kent
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle devices are being developed as a method of preventing people with sensory perception loss sustaining a fall. Such devices are believed to work by reducing the likelihood of a fall by improving the balance and gait of the user. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot and ankle devices for the prevention of falls and the improvement of balance and gait in adults with sensory perception loss. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Participants were community-dwelling adults with bilateral pathological sensory perception loss...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995271/-functional-electrostimulation-for-drop-foot-treatment-clinical-outcome
#15
D Yao, E Jakubowitz, S Ettinger, L Claassen, C Plaass, C Stukenborg-Colsman, K Daniilidis
INTRODUCTION: Neurologic paralysis of the foot due to damage to the central nervous system is primarily caused by a cerebral insult. The ankle-foot orthosis (AFO), which is the classical conservative treatment option, is associated with drawbacks, e.g., increased contractures, limited mobilization from the sitting position, and cosmetic aspects. METHODS: Functional external electrostimulation (FES) is an suitable treatment method for patients with a central lesion and intact peroneal nerve...
December 19, 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987301/evaluating-the-effects-of-ankle-foot-orthosis-mechanical-property-assumptions-on-gait-simulation-muscle-force-results
#16
Amy K Hegarty, Anthony J Petrella, Max J Kurz, Anne K Silverman
Musculoskeletal modeling and simulation techniques have been used to gain insights into movement disabilities for many populations, such as ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP). The individuals who can benefit from these techniques are often limited to those who can walk without assistive devices, due to challenges in accurately modeling these devices. Specifically, many children with CP require the use of ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) to improve their walking ability, and modeling these devices is important to understand their role in walking mechanics...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982715/the-effect-of-footwear-adapted-with-a-multi-curved-rocker-sole-in-conjunction-with-knee-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-walking-in-poliomyelitis-subjects-a-pilot-study
#17
Ali Mojaver, Mokhtar Arazpour, Gholamreza Aminian, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Guive Sharifi, Arash Sherafatvaziri
BACKGROUND: Knee-ankle-foot orthoses (KAFOs) are used by people with poliomyelitis to ambulate. Whist advances in orthotic knee joint designs for use in KAFOs such the provision of stance control capability have proven efficacy, little attention has been paid to shoe adaptations which may also improve gait. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the alteration to the kinematics and temporal-spatial parameters of gait caused by the use of heel-to-toe rocker-soled footwear when ambulating with KAFOs...
December 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891277/a-case-of-ameloblastic-fibroodontoma-extending-maxillary-sinus-with-erupted-tooth-is-transcanine-approach-with-alveolectomy-feasible
#18
Mustafa Aslıer, Mustafa Cenk Ecevit, Sülen Sarıoğlu, Semih Sütay
Ameloblastic fibroodontoma (AFO) is a rare entity of mixed odontogenic tumors and frequently arises from posterior portion of the maxilla or mandible in first two decades of life. Herein, a 35-year-old woman with a noncontributory medical history who presented with a progressive left maxillary toothache, left maxillary first molar tooth mobility, and swelling in the left maxillary molar area for the last 2 months was reported. Radiologically, a tumor that originated from periapical area of the second mature molar teeth of maxilla was seen and additively unerupted tooth was not detected...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817804/a-comparison-of-five-surveys-that-identify-individuals-at-risk-for-airflow-obstruction-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Folarin Sogbetun, William L Eschenbacher, Jeffrey A Welge, Ralph J Panos
BACKGROUND: The predictive characteristics of different screening surveys for the recognition of individuals at risk for airflow obstruction (AFO) have not been evaluated simultaneously in the same population. PURPOSE: To compare five AFO/COPD screening questionnaires. METHODS: 383 individuals completed the Veterans Airflow Obstruction Screening Questionnaire, Personal Level Screener for COPD (VAFOSQ), the 11-Q COPD Screening Questionnaire (11-Q), the COPD Population Screener (COPD-PS) and the Lung Function Questionnaire (LFQ) and performed spirometry...
November 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815810/ankle-foot-orthosis-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-4%C3%A2-year-experience-in-a-multidisciplinary-neuromuscular-disorders-clinic
#20
Anupam Gupta, Atchayaram Nalini, Shanti Prakash Arya, Seena Vengalil, Meeka Khanna, Rashmi Krishnan, Arun B Taly
OBJECTIVE: To assess Ankle-Foot-Orthosis (AFO) requirement and ambulation in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) patients seen over a period of 4 y at a multi-disciplinary Neuromuscular disorders clinic (NMD). METHODS: A study was conducted in university quaternary research hospital with DMD patients confirmed by MLPA (multiplex ligation - dependent probe amplification) method and were evaluated between January 2012 and December 2015. Their ambulatory status, detailed neurological and functional status were recorded...
November 5, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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