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Neuropathy ventilation

Salaheldin M Elhamamsy, Mazen O Al-Qadi, Taro Minami, Marguerite Neill
INTRODUCTION: Toxic shock syndrome occurs from dysregulation of host inflammatory responses. Toxin- producing strains of Group A streptococcus cause TSS. Ischemic optic neuropathy rarely complicates septic shock. We present a rare case of streptococcal pharyngitis complicated by septic arthritis and TSS with reversible blindness due to non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy. CASE: A 28-year-old man drove to our ED with exudative pharyngitis. A rapid streptococcal test was positive...
December 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Jia Ryu, Key Hwan Lim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyang Woon Lee, Ji Young Yun, Seoung-Wook Kim, Ji-Hoon Kim, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyunjoo Kim
BACKGROUND: Methyl alcohol poisoning has been mainly reported in community. Two cases of methyl alcohol poisoning occurred in a small-sized subcontracted factory which manufactured smartphone parts in Korea. CASE PRESENTATION: One young female patient presented with dyspnea and visual disturbance. Another young male patient presented with visual disturbance and myalgia. They treated with sodium bicarbonate infusion and hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis. In addition, he received ethyl alcohol per oral treatment...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Tiphaine Bourseau, Flavie Fremondière, Valérie Dubus, Bénédicte Gohier, Dewi Le Gal, Fabien Cave, Isabelle Richard, Nicolas Lerolle
OBJECTIVE: After critical illness, some survivors experience long-term physical, functional, neurocognitive and/or mental health impairments, which has been termed "Post-Intensive Care syndrome" (PICS) [1]. A specific follow-up is required and many specialized follow-up clinics have been created both abroad and in France. The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term outcomes after critical illness, through the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and to analyse rehabilitation needs after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Sonali Sihindi Chapa Gunatilake, Rohitha Gamlath, Harith Wimalaratna
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acquired polyradiculo-neuropathy, often preceded by an antecedent event. It is a monophasic disease but a recurrence rate of 1-6 % is documented in a subset group of patients. Patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome show cerebrospinal fluid albuminocytologic dissociation. Normal cerebrospinal fluid protein levels during both initial and recurrent episodes of Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare occurrence and has not been described earlier in the literature...
September 5, 2016: BMC Neurology
Katsuya Sakai, Nobuyuki Ishii, Yuka Ebihara, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Kazutaka Shiomi, Masamitsu Nakazato
Case 1: A 66-year-old man was admitted because of progressive gait disturbance and dysphagia after developing red rash. He was diagnosed as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and treated by intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg). Two weeks later, he could swallow and walk without any abnormalities. Case 2: A 58-year-old woman was admitted because of gait disturbance, bilateral peripheral facial nerve palsies, and respiratory failure one week after developing fever and rash. She was diagnosed as GBS and treated with IVIg...
August 31, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Arsalan Rafiq, Mohsin Ijaz, Hassan Tariq, Trupti Vakde, Richard Duncalf
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic phrenic nerve palsy is a rare cause of exertional dyspnea. We present a case of a patient presenting with worsening dyspnea of an unknown etiology found to be related to bilateral phrenic nerve palsy. DISCUSSION: Forty-two-year-old man presented to our emergency department with exertional dyspnea, orthopnea, and a left lower lobe consolidation treated initially as bronchitis by his primary physician as an outpatient, then subsequently as pneumonia at another institution, with no improvement in symptomatology...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Salil Gupta, Mayank Mishra
BACKGROUND: Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) is a common complication of severe sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The risk factors for sepsis-induced CIP have not been well established. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the risk factors of sepsis-induced CIP, especially its relationship with the severity of illness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 100 patients with sepsis defined as SIRS of proven or presumed microbial etiology were followed up with nerve conduction studies (NCS) performed within the first 14 days of admission...
July 2016: Neurology India
Mohammad Reza Salehiomran, Ali Nikkhah, Mohadese Mahdavi
OBJECTIVE: Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is an acute polyradiculoneuropathy characterized by progressive motor weakness of limbs and areflexia. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the clinical pattern and prognosis of children with Guillain-Barre syndrome. MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pediatric Neurology Unit of Amirkola Children's Hospital, Babol, Iran during the period of 5 years from October 2008 to September 2013. We assessed the clinical features, results of electrodiagnostic tests, functional status, treatment and outcome of 17 children diagnosed with GBS...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
Sarah E Jolley, Aaron E Bunnell, Catherine L Hough
Survivorship after critical illness is an increasingly important health-care concern as ICU use continues to increase while ICU mortality is decreasing. Survivors of critical illness experience marked disability and impairments in physical and cognitive function that persist for years after their initial ICU stay. Newfound impairment is associated with increased health-care costs and use, reductions in health-related quality of life, and prolonged unemployment. Weakness, critical illness neuropathy and/or myopathy, and muscle atrophy are common in patients who are critically ill, with up to 80% of patients admitted to the ICU developing some form of neuromuscular dysfunction...
November 2016: Chest
Tanmay S Panchabhai, Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, Aanchal Kapoor, Olufemi Akindipe, Charles Lane, Sudhir Krishnan
Prone position ventilation (PPV) improves mortality in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but outcomes following its use in lung transplant recipients are not known. We report the case of a 42-year-old Caucasian man who presented with severe ARDS from Bordetella pertussis, 5 years after bilateral sequential lung transplant for cystic fibrosis. He was managed with PPV for 22 days and had a prolonged ICU stay complicated by hypoxic ischemic optic neuropathy leading to blindness. Since his discharge from the ICU 6 months ago, his FEV1 has recovered to 47% predicted compared to his pre-ICU peak FEV1 of 85% predicted, suggesting recovery of lung function...
January 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
A Yu Mejgal, O G Tret'jakova, A P Spasova
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to search for correlation between parameters of surface electromyography and acid-base balance (ABB) in patients with intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW, n = 29, duration 7-180 days). METHODS: The linear and nonlinear parameters of sEMG (mean frequency of spectrum, fractal and correlation dimension, correlation entropy) and ABB and their correlation coefficient with bed rest (BR) and duration of mechanical ventilation (MT) were computed...
November 2015: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Yusuf A Rajabally, Stefano Seri, Andrea E Cavanna
We conducted a systematic literature review on psychological and behavioral comorbidities in patients with inflammatory neuropathies. In Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), psychotic symptoms are reported during early stages in 30% of patients. Typical associations include mechanical ventilation, autonomic dysfunction, inability to communicate, and severe weakness. Anxiety and depression are frequent comorbidities. Anxiety may increase post-hospital admissions and be a predictor of mechanical ventilation. Posttraumatic stress disorder may affect up to 20% of ventilated patients...
June 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Xiujuan Wu, Donghui Shen, Ting Li, Bing Zhang, Chunrong Li, Mei Mao, Jixue Zhao, Kangding Liu, Hong-Liang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Clinical characteristics of pediatric Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) have been extensively studied whereas scarcely been compared with those of adult GBS. Herein we compared the clinical features of GBS between pediatric and adult patients. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 750 patients with GBS (541 adults and 209 children), and compared the clinical characteristics between children and adults. RESULTS: Pain was a more frequent complaint in children (17...
2016: PloS One
Christopher A Tan, Marina Rabideau, Amy Blevins, Marjorie Jody Westbrook, Tali Ekstein, Keith Nykamp, Anne Deucher, Amy Harper, Laurie Demmer
Pathogenic variants in the mitofusin 2 gene (MFN2) are the most common cause of autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT2) disease, which is typically characterized by axonal sensorimotor neuropathy. We report on a 7-month-old white female with hypotonia, motor delay, distal weakness, and motor/sensory axonal neuropathy in which next-generation sequencing analysis identified compound heterozygous pathogenic variants (c.2054_2069_1170del and c.392A>G) in MFN2. A review of the literature reveals that sporadic and familial cases of compound heterozygous or homozygous pathogenic MFN2 variants have been infrequently described, which indicates that MFN2 can also be inherited in a recessive manner...
June 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Clara-Maria Schutte, Cornelius H van der Meyden, Linette van Niekerk, Mandisa Kakaza, Riaan van Coller, Veronica Ueckermann, Nicky M Oosthuizen
The hepatic porphyrias are a group of rare metabolic disorders, each of which is associated with a specific enzymatic alteration in the haem biosynthesis pathway. In South Africa (SA), a high incidence of variegate porphyria (VP) is seen as a result of a founder effect, but acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is also encountered. The development of acute neurovisceral attacks is related to environmental factors, including medications, hormones and diet. A possible manifestation of a severe attack is rapidly progressing quadriparesis, which may mimic Guillain-Barré syndrome...
January 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
J S Bae, Y J Kim, J K Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is known that underlying diabetes mellitus (DM) can affect the clinical and electrophysiological pattern of coexisting peripheral neuropathies of other etiologies. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of underlying DM on the clinical and electrophysiological features of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and on the prognosis of GBS with regard to functional outcome. METHODS: This study prospectively included 27 GBS patients with DM (GBS-DM+) and 58 GBS patients without DM (GBS-DM-) from two university-based hospitals...
March 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
Aida Field-Ridley, Madan Dharmar, David Steinhorn, Craig McDonald, James P Marcin
OBJECTIVE: ICU-acquired weakness, comprised critical illness myopathy and critical illness neuropathy, occurs in a significant proportion of critically ill adults and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Little is known about ICU-acquired weakness among critically ill children. We investigated the incidence of ICU-acquired weakness among PICUs participating in the Virtual PICU Systems database. We also sought to identify associated risk factors for ICU-acquired weakness and evaluate the hypothesis that ICU-acquired weakness is associated with poor clinical outcomes...
January 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
M Pokorski, M Pozdzik, J Antosiewicz, A Dymecka, A Mazzatenta, C Di Giulio
Diabetes, apart from generalized neuropathy and microangiopathy, involves tissue hypoxia, which may drive chronic proinflammatory state. However, studies on the ventilatory control in diabetes are sparse and conflicting. In this study we examined the function and morphology of diabetic carotid bodies (CBs). Diabetes was evoked in Wistar rats with streptozotocin (70 mg/kg, i.p.). The acute hypoxic ventilatory responses (HVR) to 12 and 8 % O(2) were investigated in conscious untreated rats after 2 and 4 weeks in a plethysmographic chamber...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Wei-Che Wang, Hsiu-Chun Yang, Yao-Jen Chen
Acute-onset alcohol-associated neuropathy is only occasionally reported, and delayed postanoxic encephalopathy is rare. Here, we report a male who developed acute multiple focal neuropathies and later delayed postanoxic encephalopathy after alcohol intoxication. He had hypoxia and rhabdomyolysis, presenting with acute renal failure initially, and cardiopulmonary support, including mechanical ventilation, led to improvement of the patient at the acute stage. He suffered from bilateral hand numbness and mild weakness of the right lower limb thereafter...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Orkun Tolunay, Tamer Çelik, Mustafa Kömür, Ali Emre Gezgin, Musa Soner Kaya, Ümit Çelik
INTRODUCTION: Alpha lipoic acid is a powerful antioxidant widely used for the supplementary treatment of diabetic neuropathy. Intoxication with alpha lipoic acid is very rare. There is no reported dose of safety in children. CASE REPORT: A 14-month-old previously healthy girl was referred to our hospital with the diagnosis of drug intoxication. She was admitted to the emergency department with lethargy and continuing involuntary movements for several hours after she had ingested an unknown amount of alpha lipoic acid...
November 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
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