keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Running shoes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916956/transitioning-to-minimal-footwear-a-systematic-review-of-methods-and-future-clinical-recommendations
#1
REVIEW
Joe P Warne, Allison H Gruber
BACKGROUND: Recent interest in barefoot running has led to the development of minimalist running shoes that are popular in distance runners. A careful transition to these shoes has been suggested and examined in the literature. However, no guidelines based on systematic evidence have been presented. The purpose of this review is to systematically examine the methods employed in the literature to transition to minimal footwear (MFW), as well as the outcomes to these studies in distance runners...
September 15, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900568/can-runners-perceive-changes-in-heel-cushioning-as-the-shoe-ages-with-increased-mileage
#2
Mark W Cornwall, Thomas G McPoil
BACKGROUND: For those runners who utilize footwear and have a rearfoot strike pattern, the durability of the midsole heel region has been shown to deteriorate as shoe mileage increases. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was threefold: 1) to determine if the runner can self-report changes in heel cushioning properties of the midsole after an extended period of distance running, 2) to determine if force and plantar pressures measured in the heel region of the midsole using a capacitance sensor insole change after running 640 km, and 3) to determine if a durometer could be used clinically to objectively measure changes in the hardness of the material in the heel region of the midsole...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891991/a-graphene-based-flexible-pressure-sensor-with-applications-to-plantar-pressure-measurement-and-gait-analysis
#3
Cunguang Lou, Shuo Wang, Tie Liang, Chenyao Pang, Lei Huang, Mingtao Run, Xiuling Liu
In the present study, we propose and develop a flexible pressure sensor based on the piezoresistive effect of multilayer graphene films on polyester textile. The pressure response results from the deformation of graphene conductive network structure and the changes in resistance. Here, we show that the graphene pressure sensor can achieve a sensitivity value of 0.012 kPa - 1 , the measurement range can be as high as 800 kPa, and the response time can reach to 50 ms. Subsequently, a stable in-shoe wireless plantar pressure measurement system is developed and dynamic pressure distribution is acquired in real-time...
September 11, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836881/segmented-forefoot-plate-in-basketball-footwear-does-it-influence-performance-and-foot-joint-kinematics-and-kinetics
#4
Wing-Kai Lam, Winson Chiu-Chun Lee, Wei Min Lee, Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Pui Wah Kong
This study examined the effects of shoes' segmented forefoot stiffness on athletic performance and ankle and metatarsophalangeal joint kinematics and kinetics in basketball movements. Seventeen university basketball players performed running vertical jumps and 5-meter sprints at maximum effort with three basketball shoes of various forefoot plate conditions (medial plate, medial+lateral plates, and no-plate control). One-way repeated measures ANOVAs were used to examine the differences in athletic performance, joint kinematics, and joint kinetics among the three footwear conditions (ɑ = ...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827268/shoe-cushioning-body-mass-and-running-biomechanics-as-risk-factors-for-running-injury-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Laurent Malisoux, Nicolas Delattre, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
INTRODUCTION: Repetitive loading of the musculoskeletal system is suggested to be involved in the underlying mechanism of the majority of running-related injuries (RRIs). Accordingly, heavier runners are assumed to be at a higher risk of RRI. The cushioning system of modern running shoes is expected to protect runners again high impact forces, and therefore, RRI. However, the role of shoe cushioning in injury prevention remains unclear. The main aim of this study is to investigate the influence of shoe cushioning and body mass on RRI risk, while exploring simultaneously the association between running technique and RRI risk...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800005/the-effects-of-british-army-footwear-on-ground-reaction-force-and-temporal-parameters-of-british-army-foot-drill
#6
Alex J Rawcliffe, Scott M Graham, Richard J Simpson, Gavin L Moir, Russell Jj Martindale, Stelios G Psycharakis, Chris Connaboy
High rates of occupational training-related lower-limb musculoskeletal [MSK] overuse injuries are reported for British Army recruits during basic training. Foot-drill is a repetitive impact loading occupational activity and involves striking the ground violently with an extended-knee [straight-leg] landing. Foot-drill produces vertical ground reaction forces [vGRF] equal to and/or greater than those reported for high-level plyometric exercises/activities. Shock absorbing footwear aid in the attenuation of the magnitude of vGRF, resulting in a reduced risk of lower-limb MSK overuse injury when running...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768339/habitual-minimalist-shod-running-biomechanics-and-the-acute-response-to-running-barefoot
#7
Nicholas Tam, Ian A J Darragh, Nikhil V Divekar, Robert P Lamberts
The aim of the study was to determine whether habitual minimalist shoe runners present with purported favorable running biomechanithat reduce running injury risk such as initial loading rate. Eighteen minimalist and 16 traditionally cushioned shod runners were assessed when running both in their preferred training shoe and barefoot. Ankle and knee joint kinetics and kinematics, initial rate of loading, and footstrike angle were measured. Sagittal ankle and knee joint stiffness were also calculated. Results of a two-factor ANOVA presented no group difference in initial rate of loading when participants were running either shod or barefoot; however, initial loading rate increased for both groups when running barefoot (p=0...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761694/the-effect-of-minimalist-footwear-and-instruction-on-running-an-observational-study
#8
Massimo Giuseppe Barcellona, Linda Buckley, Lisa J M Palmer, Roisin M Ormond, Gwawr Owen, Daniel J Watson, Roger Woledge, Di Newham
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether the effects on altered running style which are attributed to minimalist footwear can be achieved by verbal instructions in standard running shoes (SRS). AIM: To explore the effect of Vibram FiveFingers (VFF) versus SRS plus running instruction on lower extremity spatiotemporal parameters and lower limb joint kinematics. METHODS: 35 healthy subjects (mean=30 years, 18 females) were assessed on two occasions with 3D motion analysis...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713455/a-pilot-study-of-the-effect-of-outsole-hardness-on-lower-limb-kinematics-and-kinetics-during-soccer-related-movements
#9
Dong Sun, Qichang Mei, Julien S Baker, Xuewen Jia, Yaodong Gu
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different outsole hardness of turf cleats shoes on the lower limb kinematics and kinetics of soccer players playing on artificial turf. The participants were required to complete tasks of straight running and 45° left sidestep cutting movements, respectively, at the speed of 4.5 ± 0.2 m/s on artificial turf. They were asked to randomly select turf cleats shoes with a soft outsole (SO), medium hardness outsole (MO) and hard outsole (HO). During the stance phase of straight running, peak pressure and force-time integral in medial forefoot (MFF) of players wearing cleats shoes with MO were significantly higher than those wearing cleats shoes with SO...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693378/effects-of-load-carriage-and-work-boots-on-lower-limb-kinematics-of-industrial-workers
#10
Miao Tian, Huiju Park, Jun Li, Heekwang Koo, Qinwen Xu
Load and footwear condition are two crucial elements varying the kinematic responses during walking, which probably lead to chronic injury. Fifteen healthy male individual with no obvious gait abnormalities participated in this study. Apart from a no-load condition, four external load conditions with two load levels were investigated. Work boots were compared with running shoes to determine footwear effects. Significant impacts were found for lower limb range of motion at certain joints when carrying loads...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686085/conceptualizing-minimalist-footwear-an-objective-definition
#11
Devon R Coetzee, Yumna Albertus, Nicholas Tam, Ross Tucker
Running has been plagued with an alarmingly high incidence of injury, which has resulted in the exploration of interventions aimed at reducing the risk of running-related injury. One such intervention is the introduction of footwear that mimics barefoot running. These have been termed minimalist shoes. Minimalist footwear aims to reduce the risk of injury by promoting adaptations in running biomechanics that have been linked to a reduction in both impact and joint forces. However, some studies have found that minimalist footwear may be beneficial to the runner as they promote favourable biomechanical adaptations, whilst other studies have found the opposite to be true...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657790/magnitude-and-spatial-distribution-of-impact-intensity-under-the-foot-relates-to-initial-foot-contact-pattern
#12
Bastiaan Breine, Philippe Malcolm, Veerle Segers, Joeri Gerlo, Rud Derie, Todd Pataky, Edward C Frederick, Dirk De Clercq
In running, foot contact patterns (rear-, mid- or forefoot contact) influence impact intensity and initial ankle and foot kinematics. The aim of the study was to compare impact intensity and its spatial distribution under the foot between different foot contact patterns. Forty-nine subjects ran at 3.2 m·s(-1) over a level runway while ground reaction forces (GRF) and shoe-surface pressures were recorded and foot contact pattern was determined. A four-zone footmask (forefoot, midfoot, medial and lateral rearfoot) assessed the spatial distribution of the vertical GRF under the foot...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641058/acute-kinematics-changes-in-marathon-runners-using-different-footwear
#13
Tania Socorro Amorim Soares, Camila Fonseca de Oliveira, Federico Pizzuto, Rui Manuel Garganta, João Paulo Vila-Boas, Mario Casimiro da Anunciação Paiva
The effects of running with or without shoes on injury prevention have been extensively studied, and several investigations have assessed biomechanical differences between them. However, findings are not consensual and further insights on biomechanical load associated with differently shod or barefoot conditions may be needed. This study aimed to observe if habitually shod marathon runners show acute alterations when running barefoot or with minimalist shoes, and to determine whether the running kinematical adaptations of wearing minimalist shoes were similar to barefoot running...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560325/harnessing-the-hygroscopic-and-biofluorescent-behaviors-of-genetically-tractable-microbial-cells-to-design-biohybrid-wearables
#14
Wen Wang, Lining Yao, Chin-Yi Cheng, Teng Zhang, Hiroshi Atsumi, Luda Wang, Guanyun Wang, Oksana Anilionyte, Helene Steiner, Jifei Ou, Kang Zhou, Chris Wawrousek, Katherine Petrecca, Angela M Belcher, Rohit Karnik, Xuanhe Zhao, Daniel I C Wang, Hiroshi Ishii
Cells' biomechanical responses to external stimuli have been intensively studied but rarely implemented into devices that interact with the human body. We demonstrate that the hygroscopic and biofluorescent behaviors of living cells can be engineered to design biohybrid wearables, which give multifunctional responsiveness to human sweat. By depositing genetically tractable microbes on a humidity-inert material to form a heterogeneous multilayered structure, we obtained biohybrid films that can reversibly change shape and biofluorescence intensity within a few seconds in response to environmental humidity gradients...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544949/the-influence-of-shoe-aging-on-children-running-biomechanics
#15
Alexis Herbaut, Pascale Chavet, Maxime Roux, Nils Guéguen, Franck Barbier, Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger
Athletic children are prone to overuse injuries, especially at the heel and knee. Since footwear is an extrinsic factor of lower limb injury risk, the aim of this study was to assess the influence of shoe aging on children running biomechanics. Fourteen children active in sports participated in a laboratory biomechanical evaluation. A new pair of shoes was provided to each participant at an inclusion visit. Four months later, the participants performed a running task and their kinematics and kinetics were assessed both with their used shoes and with a new pair of shoes identical to the first...
July 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513880/unstable-rocker-shoes-promote-recovery-from-marathon-induced-muscle-damage-in-novice-runners
#16
Kento Nakagawa, Takayuki Inami, Takahisa Yonezu, Yuta Kenmotsu, Takaya Narita, Yasuo Kawakami, Kazuyuki Kanosue
We recently reported that wearing unstable rocker shoes (Masai Barefoot Technology: MBT) may enhance recovery from marathon race induced fatigue. However, this earlier study only utilized a questionnaire. In the present study, we evaluated MBT utilizing objective physiological measures of recovery from marathon induced muscle damages. Twenty-five university student novice runners were divided into two groups. After running a full marathon, one group wore MBT shoes (MBT group), and the control group (CON) wore ordinary shoes daily for one week following the race...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503539/differences-in-pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-subtalar-eversion-inversion-before-and-after-prolonged-running-using-a-two-dimensional-digital-analysis
#17
Charlotte Sinclair, Ulla Svantesson, Rita Sjöström, Marie Alricsson
In sports, there is a constant discussion about the hyper-pronation and supination of the foot during loading and its relation to injuries or discomfort. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible differences in the subtalar joint in the midstance phase of running, between individuals with Pes Planus and Pes Cavus, after 5 min and 45 min of running. Thirty-four subjects, meeting the requirements for Pes Planus (30 feet) and Pes Cavus (35 feet), according to the criteria for Medial Longitudinal Arch-angle, were included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503379/a-public-dataset-of-running-biomechanics-and-the-effects-of-running-speed-on-lower-extremity-kinematics-and-kinetics
#18
Reginaldo K Fukuchi, Claudiane A Fukuchi, Marcos Duarte
BACKGROUND: The goals of this study were (1) to present the set of data evaluating running biomechanics (kinematics and kinetics), including data on running habits, demographics, and levels of muscle strength and flexibility made available at Figshare (DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.4543435); and (2) to examine the effect of running speed on selected gait-biomechanics variables related to both running injuries and running economy. METHODS: The lower-extremity kinematics and kinetics data of 28 regular runners were collected using a three-dimensional (3D) motion-capture system and an instrumented treadmill while the subjects ran at 2...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483557/six-week-transition-to-minimalist-shoes-improves-running-economy-and-time-trial-performance
#19
Joel T Fuller, Dominic Thewlis, Margarita D Tsiros, Nicholas A T Brown, Jonathan D Buckley
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated if gradually introducing runners to minimalist shoes during training improved running economy and time-trial performance compared to training in conventional shoes. Changes in stride rate, stride length, footfall pattern and ankle plantar-flexor strength were also investigated. DESIGN: Randomised parallel intervention trial. METHODS: 61 trained runners gradually increased the amount of running performed in either minimalist (n=31) or conventional (n=30) shoes during a six-week standardised training program...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465660/the-effect-of-body-mass-on-the-shoe-athlete-interaction
#20
A Tsouknidas, M Pantazopoulos, D Sagris, D Fasnakis, S Maropoulos, F Arabatzi, N Michailidis
Long-distance running is known to induce joint overloading and elevate cytokine levels, which are the hallmarks for a variety of running-related injuries. To address this, footwear systems incorporate cushioning midsoles to mitigate injurious mechanical loading. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of athlete body mass on the cushioning capacity of technical footwear. An artificial heel was prototyped to fit the impact pattern of a heel-strike runner and used to measure shock attenuation by an automated drop test...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
keyword
keyword
76910
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"