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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770274/do-running-speed-and-shoe-cushioning-influence-impact-loading-and-tibial-shock-in-basketball-players
#1
Wing-Kai Lam, Jacobus Liebenberg, Jeonghyun Woo, Sang-Kyoon Park, Suk-Hoon Yoon, Roy Tsz-Hei Cheung, Jiseon Ryu
Background: Tibial stress fracture (TSF) is a common injury in basketball players. This condition has been associated with high tibial shock and impact loading, which can be affected by running speed, footwear condition, and footstrike pattern. However, these relationships were established in runners but not in basketball players, with very little research done on impact loading and speed. Hence, this study compared tibial shock, impact loading, and foot strike pattern in basketball players running at different speeds with different shoe cushioning properties/performances...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768043/haptic-foot-pedal-influence-of-shoe-type-age-and-gender-on-subjective-pulse-perception
#2
Claudia Geitner, Stewart Birrell, Claudia Krehl, Paul Jennings
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the influence of shoe type (sneakers and safety boots), age, and gender on the perception of haptic pulse feedback provided by a prototype accelerator pedal in a running stationary vehicle. BACKGROUND: Haptic feedback can be a less distracting alternative to traditionally visual and auditory in-vehicle feedback. However, to be effective, the device delivering the haptic feedback needs to be in contact with the person. Factors such as shoe type vary naturally over the season and could render feedback that is perceived well in one situation, unnoticeable in another...
June 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764290/unstable-footwear-as-a-speed-dependent-noise-based-training-gear-to-exercise-inverted-pendulum-motion-during-walking
#3
Frédéric Dierick, Anne-France Bouché, Mikaël Scohier, Clément Guille, Fabien Buisseret
Previous research on unstable footwear has suggested that it may induce mechanical noise during walking. The purpose of this study was to explore whether unstable footwear could be considered as a noise-based training gear to exercise body center of mass (CoM) motion during walking. Ground reaction forces were collected among 24 healthy young women walking at speeds between 3 and 6 km h-1 with control running shoes and unstable rocker-bottom shoes. The external mechanical work, the recovery of mechanical energy of the CoM during and within the step cycles, and the phase shift between potential and kinetic energy curves of the CoM were computed...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723650/calcaneus-range-of-motion-underestimated-by-markers-on-running-shoe-heel
#4
Ryan S Alcantara, Matthieu B Trudeau, Eric S Rohr
BACKGROUND: The measurement of rearfoot kinematics by placing reflective markers on the shoe heel assumes its motion is identical to the foot's motion. Studies have compared foot and shoe kinematics during running but with conflicting results. The primary purpose of this study was to compare shoe and calcaneus three-dimensional range of motion during running. A secondary purpose was to determine the effect of a less rigid heel counter on tibia motion. RESEARCH QUESTION: Do markers placed on the shoe heel accurately represent calcaneus kinematics during running? METHODS: Three-dimensional coordinate data were collected on 14 subjects (M/F: 9/5) who ran on an instrumented treadmill at 3...
April 25, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597146/electromyography-comparison-of-the-effects-of-various-footwear-in-the-activity-patterns-of-the-peroneus-longus-and-brevis-muscles
#5
Andrea Roca-Dols, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Rubén Sánchez-Gómez, Daniel López-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, César Calvo-Lobo
BACKGROUND: Peroneus longus and brevis (PLB) disorders are commonly in people with lateral ligamentous instability, ankle pain, lateral hindfoot pain and structures of the proximal compartment of the lower legs and their muscle activity is believed to be influenced by different footwear types. The proposal of this research is to evaluate the effects of five types of footwear with respect to the barefoot condition and analyze the activity patterns of PLB muscles in healthy subjects during the gait cycle...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559317/the-associations-between-training-load-and-baseline-characteristics-on-musculoskeletal-injury-and-pain-in-endurance-sport-populations-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
R Johnston, R Cahalan, M O'Keeffe, K O'Sullivan, T Comyns
OBJECTIVES: To determine the associations between training load, baseline characteristics (e.g. age or previous injury) and rate of musculoskeletal injury and/or pain specifically within an Endurance Sporting Population (ESP). DESIGN: Prospectively registered systematic review. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched by two independent reviewers. Studies were required to prospectively monitor both (i) training loads and (ii) musculoskeletal injury and/or pain for >3 months...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545699/the-effect-of-insole-on-muscle-activity-and-muscle-fatigue-at-sit-to-standing-of-tibialis-anterior-and-gastrocnemius-in-adult-male
#7
Jin Young Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of differing insole height on the electromyographic (EMG) activity and muscle fatigue in tibialis anterior and gastrocnemius a lot of repeat college students from the desk during a sit to stand activity. [Subjects and Methods] For the 30 subjects males, let them wear insole in order. Using EMG equipment measured the difference in muscle vitality and muscle fatigue degree. All subjects were measured for 3 seconds in standing up from the chair...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526409/marked-asymmetry-in-vertical-force-but-not-contact-times-during-running-in-acl-reconstructed-athletes-9-months-post-surgery-despite-meeting-functional-criteria-for-return-to-sport
#8
Athol Thomson, Einar Einarsson, Clint Hansen, Chris Bleakley, Rod Whiteley
OBJECTIVES: Compare maximum plantar force (Fmax) during running in soccer players following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) as they pass return to sport (RTS) criteria. DESIGN: Case control study. METHODS: Soccer players after ACLR (n=16) and matched healthy controls (n=16) ran on a treadmill at 12, 14 and 16km/h while plantar loading data was measured using an in-shoe pressure system (Pedar-X, Novel). Fmax and contact time of the injured and uninjured limbs in athletes <9months post-ACLR and those ≥9months ACLR were compared to healthy players (no ACLR)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484865/-the-relationship-between-injuries-shoes-and-style-in-the-runner-s-population
#9
REVIEW
Jacob Shapira, Yaniv Keren, Nadav Rinott, Yaron Berkovich
We are now standing four decades after the 'running revolution' which occurred during the 70's of the previous century. Despite the developments that have occurred in medicine and the large budgets invested in the development of the sport's equipment, the runner's morbidity has not changed. In this article, we would like to review the changes in running that occurred throughout the years, as well as the common risk factors for running injuries. Furthermore, we would like to examine the scientific point of view regarding running shoes and running technique as risk factors for running injuries...
February 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413785/an-evaluation-of-measurement-systems-estimating-gait-speed-during-a-loaded-military-march-over-graded-terrain
#10
Bertil J Veenstra, Thomas Wyss, Lilian Roos, Simon K Delves, Mark Buller, Nadja Beeler
This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of three measurement systems estimating gait speed during a loaded military march over graded terrain. Systems developed by the Swiss and Netherlands Armed Forces and a commercial wrist-based device were evaluated in comparison to a Global Positioning System. The first part of the paper focuses on the development of the Dutch system, where speed is estimated from a chest worn accelerometer and body measurements. For this validation study 36 subjects were walking or running 13 laps of 200 m at different speeds...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408727/establishing-state-of-motion-through-two-dimensional-foot-and-shoe-print-analysis-a-pilot-study
#11
Fernando Bueno Neves, Graham P Arnold, Sadiq Nasir, Weijie Wang, Calum MacDonald, Ian Christie, Rami J Abboud
According to the College of Podiatry, footprints rank among the most frequent forms of evidence found at crime scenes, and the recent ascension of forensic podiatry reflects the importance of footwear and barefoot traces in contemporary forensic practice. In this context, this pilot study focused on whether it is possible to distinguish between walking and running states using parameters derived from two-dimensional foot or shoe prints. Eleven subjects moved along four tracks (barefoot walking; barefoot running; footwear walking; footwear running) while having their bare feet or footwear stained with artificial blood and their footstep patterns recorded...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304509/effect-of-foot-progression-angle-adjustment-on-the-knee-adduction-moment-and-knee-joint-contact-force-in-runners-with-and-without-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
I C D Fong, W S C Li, W K J Tai, T W R Tsang, J H Zhang, T L W Chen, H Baur, P Eichelberger, R T H Cheung
BACKGROUND: Knee adduction moment (KAM) is often used as a surrogate marker of knee contact force (KCF) during walking. Previous studies have reported potential benefits to reduce KAM in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) by foot progression angle adjustment. However, KAM is an external moment and it does not consider any muscle contribution to the joint loading, which should pose a greater influence in running than walking. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study used a computational model to compare KAM and KCF between runners with and without knee OA during running...
March 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303986/the-effect-of-the-accelerometer-operating-range-on-biomechanical-parameters-stride-length-velocity-and-peak-tibial-acceleration-during-running
#13
Christian Mitschke, Pierre Kiesewetter, Thomas L Milani
Previous studies have used accelerometers with various operating ranges (ORs) when measuring biomechanical parameters. However, it is still unclear whether ORs influence the accuracy of running parameters, and whether the different stiffnesses of footwear midsoles influence this accuracy. The purpose of the present study was to systematically investigate the influence of OR on the accuracy of stride length, running velocity, and on peak tibial acceleration. Twenty-one recreational heel strike runners ran on a 15-m indoor track at self-selected running speeds in three footwear conditions (low to high midsole stiffness)...
January 5, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287151/effects-of-stacked-wedge-pads-and-chains-applied-to-the-forefeet-of-tennessee-walking-horses-for-a-five-day-period-on-behavioral-and-biochemical-indicators-of-pain-stress-and-inflammation
#14
James B Everett, Jim Schumacher, Thomas J Doherty, Randi A Black, Lisa L Amelse, Peter Krawczel, Johann F Coetzee, Brian K Whitlock
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of stacked wedge pads and chains applied to the forefeet of Tennessee Walking Horses on behavioral and biochemical indicators of pain, stress, and inflamation. ANIMALS 20 Tennessee Walking Horses. PROCEDURES Horses were randomly assigned to 2 treatment groups: keg shoes (control; n = 10) or stacked wedge pads and exercise with chains (10). Ten days before treatment application, an accelerometer was attached at the left metatarsus of each horse to record daily activity. Horses were exercised for 20 minutes daily, beginning on day -7...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249085/correction-to-a-comparison-of-the-energetic-cost-of-running-in-marathon-racing-shoes
#15
Wouter Hoogkamer, Shalaya Kipp, Jesse H Frank, Emily M Farina, Geng Luo, Rodger Kram
An Online First version of this article was made available online at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-017-0811-2 on 16 November 2017. An error was subsequently identified in the article, and the following correction should be noted.
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239782/the-morphology-of-foot-soft-tissues-is-associated-with-running-shoe-type-in-healthy-recreational-runners
#16
Xianyi Zhang, Tijs Delabastita, Joselien Lissens, Floor De Beenhouwer, Benedicte Vanwanseele
OBJECTIVES: To determine the differences in the morphology of foot soft tissues between runners using different types of running shoes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Thirty-eight recreational runners were divided into four groups based on running shoe type, namely, neutral shoes, motion control shoes, minimalistic shoes and neutral shoes with custom-made insoles. An arch height index and a relative arch deformation index were calculated for each participant...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238158/full-step-cycle-kinematic-and-kinetic-comparison-of-barefoot-walking-and-a-traditional-shoe-walking-in-healthy-youth-insights-for-barefoot-technology
#17
Yi Xu, Qinghua Hou, Chuhuai Wang, Andrew J Sellers, Travis Simpson, Bradford C Bennett, Shawn D Russell
Objective: Barefoot technology shoes are becoming increasingly popular, yet modifications are still needed. The present study aims to gain valuable insights by comparing barefoot walking to neutral shoe walking in a healthy youth population. Methods: 28 healthy university students (22 females and 6 males) were recruited to walk on a 10-meter walkway both barefoot and in neutral running shoes at their comfortable walking speed. Full step cycle kinematic and kinetic data were collected using an 8-camera motion capture system...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214168/how-well-can-modern-nonhabitual-barefoot-youth-adapt-to-barefoot-and-minimalist-barefoot-technology-shoe-walking-in-regard-to-gait-symmetry
#18
Y Xu, Q Hou, C Wang, T Simpson, B Bennett, S Russell
We aim to test how well modern nonhabitual barefoot people can adapt to barefoot and Minimalist Bare Foot Technology (MBFT) shoes, in regard to gait symmetry. 28 healthy university students (22 females/6 males) were recruited to walk on a 10-meter walkway randomly on barefoot, in MBFT shoes, and in neutral running shoes at their comfortable walking speed. Kinetic and kinematic data were collected using an 8-camera motion capture system. Data of joint angles, joint forces, and joint moments were extracted to compute a consecutive symmetry index...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213246/the-influence-of-footwear-on-the-modular-organization-of-running
#19
Alessandro Santuz, Antonis Ekizos, Lars Janshen, Vasilios Baltzopoulos, Adamantios Arampatzis
For most of our history, we predominantly ran barefoot or in minimalist shoes. The advent of modern footwear, however, might have introduced alterations in the motor control of running. The present study investigated shod and barefoot running under the perspective of the modular organization of muscle activation, in order to help addressing the neurophysiological factors underlying human locomotion. On a treadmill, 20 young and healthy inexperienced barefoot runners ran shod and barefoot at preferred speed (2...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189099/creative-prosthetic-foot-selection-enables-successful-ambulation-in-stiletto-high-heels
#20
Elizabeth Russell Esposito, Delbert H Lipe, Christopher A Rábago
BACKGROUND: Walking in high heels presents biomechanical challenges, yet they remain part of many women's attire. However, women with a lower limb amputation are limited in available footwear options. Case description and methods: This case study is in response to one patient's assertion that she walked better and more symmetrically in heels than flat shoes with her below-knee prosthesis. She underwent gait analysis in athletic shoes and 10-cm stiletto high heels worn with a pediatric running foot to determine if these claims could be substantiated through biomechanical measures...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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