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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#1
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213599/health-information-needs-source-preferences-and-engagement-behaviours-of-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-across-the-care-continuum-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#2
Carol A Tucker, M Pilar Martin, Ray B Jones
INTRODUCTION: The health information needs, information source preferences and engagement behaviours of women with metastatic breast cancer (mBC) depend on personal characteristics such as education level, prior knowledge, clinical complications, comorbidities and where they are in the cancer journey. A thorough understanding of the information behaviours of women living with mBC is essential to the provision of optimal care. A preliminary literature review suggests that there is little research on this topic, but that there may be lessons from a slightly broader literature...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209670/les-m%C3%A3-decins-de-famille-devraient-ils-prescrire-des-m%C3%A3-dicaments-contre-l-ob%C3%A3-sit%C3%A3-non
#3
Elizabeth Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209404/cell-penetrating-peptides-from-basic-research-to-clinics
#4
REVIEW
Giulia Guidotti, Liliana Brambilla, Daniela Rossi
The presence of cell and tissue barriers together with the low biomembrane permeability of various therapeutics often hampers systemic drug distribution; thus, most of the available molecules are of limited therapeutic value. Opportunities to increase medicament concentrations in areas that are difficult to access now exist with the advent of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), which can transport into the cell a wide variety of biologically active conjugates (cargoes). Numerous preclinical evaluations with CPP-derived therapeutics have provided promising results in various disease models that, in some cases, prompted clinical trials...
February 13, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206897/retrospective-study-of-the-survival-rates-of-indirect-pulp-therapy-versus-different-pulpotomy-medicaments
#5
Patrice Barsamian Wunsch, Marissa M Kuhnen, Al M Best, Tegwyn H Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this retrospective chart review were to determine: (1) how primary molars in need of vital pulp therapy (VPT) have been treated over a period of four years at a university-based pediatric dental practice (UBP); and which treatments-indirect pulp therapy (IPT), formocresol pulpotomy (FCP), and ferric sulfate pulpotomy (FSP)-have been successful. METHODS: Electronic patient records (axiUm) that contained the procedure codes D3120 (pulp cap-indirect) or D3220 (therapeutic pulpotomy) were totaled by year...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201952/mortality-among-people-living-with-hiv-on-antiretroviral-treatment-in-bali-indonesia-incidence-and-predictors
#6
Sri Utami, Anak Agung Sagung Sawitri, Luh Putu Lila Wulandari, I Wayan Gede Artawan Eka Putra, Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti, Dewa Nyoman Wirawan, Louise Causer, Bradley Mathers
Indonesia has the third highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) and the greatest increase in proportion of AIDS-related mortality in the Asia Pacific region between 2005 and 2013. Longitudinal mortality data among PLWH in Indonesia are limited. We conducted a retrospective cohort study from medical records of antiretroviral treatment (ART) recipients attending Badung General Hospital (BGH) and Bali Medica Clinic (BMC) between 2006 and 2014. We explored incidence of mortality by Kaplan-Meier analysis and identified predictors using a Cox proportional hazard model...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196953/prevalence-and-patterns-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#7
Aurel T Tankeu, Jean Joel R Bigna, Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Celestin Danwang, Mazou N Temgoua, Jean Jacques N Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart diseases (CHD) are common causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among young children and adolescents living in Africa. Accurate epidemiological data are needed in order to evaluate and improve preventive strategies. This review aims to determine the prevalence of CHD and their main patterns in Africa. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will include cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies of populations residing inside African countries, which have reported the prevalence of CHD, confirmed by an echocardiographic examination and/or describing different patterns of these abnormalities in Africa...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196843/changes-in-anthocyanin-production-during-domestication-of-citrus
#8
Eugenio Butelli, Andrés Garcia-Lor, Concetta Licciardello, Giuseppina Las Casas, Lionel Hill, Giuseppe Reforgiato Recupero, Manjunath Keremane, Chandrika Ramadugu, Robert Krueger, Qiang Xu, Xiuxin Deng, Anne-Laure Fanciullino, Yann Froelicher, Luis Navarro, Cathie Martin
Mandarin (C. reticulata), citron (C. medica) and pummelo (C. maxima) are important species of the genus Citrus and parents of the interspecific hybrids that constitute the most familiar commercial varieties of citrus: sweet orange, sour orange, clementine, lemon, lime and grapefruit. Citron produces anthocyanins in its young leaves and flowers, as do species in genera closely related to Citrus, but mandarins do not and pummelo varieties that produce anthocyanins have not been reported. We investigated the activity of the Ruby gene, which encodes a MYB transcription factor controlling anthocyanin biosynthesis, in different accessions of a range of Citrus species and in domesticated cultivars...
February 14, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193848/measurement-properties-of-self-report-physical-activity-assessment-tools-in-stroke-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Júlia Caetano Martins, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Aline Alvim Scianni, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
INTRODUCTION: Self-report physical activity assessment tools are commonly used for the evaluation of physical activity levels in individuals with stroke. A great variety of these tools have been developed and widely used in recent years, which justify the need to examine their measurement properties and clinical utility. Therefore, the main objectives of this systematic review are to examine the measurement properties and clinical utility of self-report measures of physical activity and discuss the strengths and limitations of the identified tools...
February 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186922/do-smokers-have-greater-risk-of-delayed-and-non-union-after-fracture-osteotomy-and-arthrodesis-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
R G Pearson, R G E Clement, K L Edwards, B E Scammell
OBJECTIVES: Systematic review and meta-analysis of published observational cohort studies. To quantify the increased risk smokers have of experiencing a delayed and/or non-union in fractures, spinal fusion, osteotomy, arthrodesis or established non-unions. SETTING: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED) and Web of Science Core Collection from 1966 to 2015...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177056/social-representations-of-the-health-care-of-the-mby%C3%A3-guarani-indigenous-population-by-health-workers
#11
Mirian Benites Falkenberg, Helena Eri Shimizu, Ximena Pamela Díaz Bermudez
Objective: to analyze the social representations of health care of the Mbyá-Guarani ethnic group by multidisciplinary teams from the Special Indigenous Health District in the south coast of Rio Grande do Sul state (Distrito Sanitário Especial Indígena Litoral Sul do Rio Grande do Sul), Brazil. Method: a qualitative method based on the theory of social representations was used. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews with 20 health workers and by participant observation...
February 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174365/assessment-of-coronal-leakage-of-temporary-restorations-in-root-canal-treated-teeth-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Pankaj K Srivastava, Ajay Nagpal, Gaurav Setya, Sunil Kumar, Alankrita Chaudhary, Kuldeep Dhanker
INTRODUCTION: Coronal leakage is one of the constant concerns in routine dental practice. It is one of the factors responsible for the failure of root canal therapy. Permanent restorations should be given as soon as possible after the completion of root canal therapy. If unavoidable, provisional restoration should be given in such a way that it maximally reduced the leakage of microorganisms and fluids from the external environment into the canal space. Hence, we evaluated the effect of saliva on the coronal leakage of temporary restorations...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159431/cost-effectiveness-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-the-management-of-hypertension
#13
Diogo Costa, Ricardo Peixoto Lima
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of hypertension in Portugal is between 29.1% and 42.2%. International studies show that 13% of individuals have masked hypertension and 13% of diagnoses based on office blood pressure measurements are in fact white coat hypertension. More sensitive and specific blood pressure measuring methods could avoid costs associated with misdiagnosis. The aim of this study was to review the cost-effectiveness of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) compared to other methods in the management of hypertension...
February 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156463/breakthrough-cancer-pain-btcp-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#14
Gian Paolo Spinelli, Elisa Gozzi, Belardino Rossi, Silverio Tomao
: 61 Background: Breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP) is frequent in patients with advance solid tumors and is always associated with worsening of the quality of life (QoL). There are few studies in the literature on the effect of BTcP treatment on QoL. The aim of this analysis was to provide a qualitative evaluation of the effect of BTcP therapies considering different fentanyl formulation(nasal spray, lollipop or buccal tablets) on the QoL of treated patients. METHODS: In our study, we enrolled patients with different advanced solid cancer treated with active and/or palliative therapies...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146177/advanced-practice-nursing-a-strategy-for-achieving-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#15
Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruta Valaitis, Ruth Martin-Misener, Faith Donald, Laura Morán Peña, Linda Brousseau
Objective: to examine advanced practice nursing (APN) roles internationally to inform role development in Latin America and the Caribbean to support universal health coverage and universal access to health. Method: we examined literature related to APN roles, their global deployment, and APN effectiveness in relation to universal health coverage and access to health. Results: given evidence of their effectiveness in many countries, APN roles are ideally suited as part of a primary health care workforce strategy in Latin America to enhance universal health coverage and access to health...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131413/effect-of-a-low-surface-tension-vehicle-on-the-dentinal-tubule-penetration-of-calcium-hydroxide-and-triple-antibiotic-paste
#16
Derya Deniz Sungur, Hacer Aksel, Nuhan Purali
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate dentinal tubule penetration (DTP) of calcium hydroxide (CH) and triple antibiotic paste (TAP) when performed with distilled water (DW) or a low surface tension liquid (ie, propylene glycol [PG]). METHODS: Root apices of 40 single-rooted premolars were removed to obtain 14-mm roots in length. Root canals were enlarged to simulate immature teeth. After smear layer removal, the roots were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 10) according to the root canal medicaments and the vehicles used: group 1:TAP + DW, group 2: TAP + PG, group 3: CH + DW, and group 4:CH + PG...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127166/antimicrobial-activity-of-endodontic-medicaments-and-vehicles-using-agar-well-diffusion-method-on-facultative-and-obligate-anaerobes
#17
Triveni M Nalawade, Kishore G Bhat, Suma Sogi
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the relative antimicrobial effectiveness of these endodontic medicaments and various vehicles using an agar well diffusion assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Double Antibiotic Paste(DAP), modified DAP, 2% Chlorhexidine gluconate and their combination with four vehicles namely Polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG), Propylene glycol (PG), combinations of PG with PEG and lastly Glycerine were tested using agar well diffusion assay. The minimum bactericidal concentration was noted against four standard strains of organisms ie Streptococcus mutans ATCC( American Type Culture Collection) 25175, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12598, Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 35550 and Eschericia coli ATCC 25922...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125930/from-coastal-to-global-the-transnational-flow-of-ayurveda-and-its-relevance-for-indo-african-linkages
#18
Caroline Meier Zu Biesen
Driven by long-standing ties with India, and intertwined with global market interests, a growing influx of materia medica from South Asia is currently emerging in East Africa. To compete at a global level and framed within the language of 'South-South cooperation for mutual benefit', India presents itself as an appropriate exporter of medical products suitable for African clientele. The expansion of India's medical sector into Africa is particularly relevant for Ayurvedic pharmaceuticals. Ayurveda's diaspora into Africa exemplifies the emergence of new health interventions and medical assemblages in a transnationally interconnected world and implies innovative coalitions involved in the complex promotion of local/Global Health industries...
January 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122056/vigi4med-scraper-a-framework-for-web-forum-structured-data-extraction-and-semantic-representation
#19
Bissan Audeh, Michel Beigbeder, Antoine Zimmermann, Philippe Jaillon, Cédric Bousquet
The extraction of information from social media is an essential yet complicated step for data analysis in multiple domains. In this paper, we present Vigi4Med Scraper, a generic open source framework for extracting structured data from web forums. Our framework is highly configurable; using a configuration file, the user can freely choose the data to extract from any web forum. The extracted data are anonymized and represented in a semantic structure using Resource Description Framework (RDF) graphs. This representation enables efficient manipulation by data analysis algorithms and allows the collected data to be directly linked to any existing semantic resource...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111100/monte-carlo-simulations-for-medical-physics-from-fundamental-physics-to-cancer-treatment
#20
EDITORIAL
S Guatelli, S Incerti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Physica Medica: PM
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