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K Satué, M Marcilla, P Medica, C Cravana, E Fazio
Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) exert essential functions to maintain an adequate metabolic activity for correct placental and fetal development. Although fructosamine (FRUCT) is used in clinical evaluation to assess the glycaemic state, the relationships between GH, IGF-I and FRUCT remain unknown in the mare. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to evaluate the relationships among these parameters in pregnant mares. A total of 30 healthy Spanish Purebred mares, with an age range of 9...
May 30, 2018: Theriogenology
Ying Dai, Hua-Qiang Zhai, Lian-Yu Xiao, Xiao-Song Shan, Zhi-Han Liu, Ning-Ning Wang, Si-Yu Li, Guo-Xiu Liu
To study the evolution of Chinese ancient and modern pharmacopoeia standards and compare the domestic and foreign pharmacopoeias, further understand the international requirements on chrysanthemum quality, and establish a more suitable and modern standard system for high quality Chrysanthemi Flos pieces. Newly Revised Materia Medica, Welfare Pharmacy, Collected Essentials of Species of Materia Medica (Bencao Pinhui Jingyao), Chinese Pharmacopoeia and other herbal remedies in various generations were reviewed to summarize the evolution of domestic standards on Chrysanthemi Flos pieces...
May 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Mariela Roldan, Monica Bella, Leandro Dionisio
Ciencias Médicas Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.ResumenLa violencia doméstica es actualmente un problema de salud pública debido a su magnitud y repercusiones sociosanitarias. Objetivo: explorar las características epidemiológicas sociodemográficas y psicopatológicas  de personas denunciadas como agresores en la ciudad de Córdoba. Material y Métodos: estudio exploratorio, retrospectivo y transversal de los registros de personas denunciadas como presuntos agresores de violencia intrafamiliar en la fiscalía de violencia familiar de los tribunales Judiciales Provinciales de Córdoba Capital en el período junio 2011 a mayo 2012...
April 11, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Jenny Joselyne Sotelo-Gavito, Mariana Pérez-Montaño, Georgia Alderete-Vázquez, Guadalupe Capetillo-Hernández, Peter Grube-Pagola
Background: The aim of this paper was to know the epidemiological characteristics of the salivary gland tumors in a Mexican population. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study was performed. All cases of salivary gland tumor were collected in a period of 5 years (2009-2014) in two hospitals of our State, the Hospital General de Veracruz and the Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad y Hospital de Especialidades No. 14, with the study of variables like: age, gender, location, biological behavior and histological type...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Božidar Banović, Veljko Turanjanin, Emir Ćorović
Background: Physician-assisted suicide is one of the features with very different legal solutions in the world. In Serbia, physician-assisted suicide is a crime, within a crime of the assisted suicide. The possibility of the legislation of the voluntary active euthanasia may open the door to the decriminalization of the physician-assisted suicide. Methods: Data were obtained from the Clinical Hospital Center in Kragujevac, Republic of Serbia collected during 2015...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Y Clark-Feoktistova, C Ruenes-Domech, E F García-Bacallao, H Roblejo-Balbuena, L Feoktistova, I Clark-Feoktistova, O Jay-Herrera, T Collazo-Mesa
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Wilson's disease is characterized by the accumulation of copper in different organs, mainly affecting the liver, brain, and cornea, and is caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene. More than 120 polymorphisms in the ATP7B gene have been reported in the medical literature. The aim of the present study was to identify the conformational changes in the exon 3 region of the ATP7B gene and detect the p.L456V polymorphism in Cuban patients clinically diagnosed with Wilson's disease...
June 10, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Paul Eduardo Lada
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis neither suspected nor diagnosed could develop a perforation or otherwise it would take to removing of a normal appendix. OBJECTIVES: Utilization of a clinical score system for aided diagnosis of this pathology and can reduce a negative appendicitis. SETTING: National Clinicas Hospital. Córdoba. Argentina. DESIGN: Prospective and protocolized study. METHODS: 594 patients were studied between October 2002 and December 2013...
September 8, 2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Yi-Yu Peng, Hui-Tao Jing, Lan Luan, Ying-Ying Tu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of joint application of electroacupuncture (EA), acupointinjection and fire-needle in the treatment of menopausal syndrome (MS) women. METHODS: One hundred MS patients were randomized into control group and combined treatment group ( n =50 patients in each). The combined treatment group was treated by joint application of EA, acupoint-injection and fire-needle stimulation, and the control group treated by EA stimulation alone...
April 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Maria Karagiannidou, Raphael Wittenberg, Filipa Isabel Trigo Landeiro, A-La Park, Andra Fry, Martin Knapp, Alastair M Gray, Antje Tockhorn-Heidenreich, Amparo Yovanna Castro Sanchez, Isaac Ghinai, Ron Handels, Pascal Lecomte, Jane Wolstenholme
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is one of the greatest health challenges the world will face in the coming decades, as it is one of the principal causes of disability and dependency among older people. Economic modelling is used widely across many health conditions to inform decisions on health and social care policy and practice. The aim of this literature review is to systematically identify, review and critically evaluate existing health economics models in dementia. We included the full spectrum of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), from preclinical stages through to severe dementia and end of life...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Open
Amy G W Gong, Ran Duan, Huai Y Wang, Xiang P Kong, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim, Kelvin Chan
Astragali Radix (AR), a Chinese materia medica (CMM) known as Huangqi, is an important medicine prescribed in herbal composite formulae (Fufang) by Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners for thousands of years. According to the literature, AR is suggested for patients suffering from “Qi”- and “Blood”-deficiencies, and its clinical effects are reported to be related to anti-cancer cell proliferation, anti-oxidation, relief of complications in cardiovascular diseases, etc...
May 21, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Hanmanth Reddy Eppa, Ravindar Puppala, Balaji Kethineni, Sunitha Banavath, Pratej Kiran Kanumuri, Gangamolu Venkateshwara Sai Kishore
Aims: The aim of the study is to compare the success rate of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Triple antibiotic paste, and Abscess remedy in apical development of vital young permanent teeth. Subjects and Methods: A total of 60 children aged 6-14 years were selected and were randomly divided into three groups, each comprising of 20 children. Group I, Group II, and Group III in which MTA (Pro root), triple antibiotic paste (3Mix MP), and Abscess remedy (Product Dentaire, Switzerland) was used pulpotomy medicament...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
P Adiewere, R B Gillis, S Imran Jiwani, A Meal, I Shaw, G G Adams
Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) states that diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are associated with disability, death among patients with diabetes and substantial costs, if not prevented or managed effectively. The aim here is to examine the effectiveness of patient education in preventing and reducing the incidence or recurrence of adult DFU and amputation. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials (RCTs) in adults aged 18+ who have diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2) or DFU...
May 2018: Heliyon
Adina Mihaela Epure, Magali Leyvraz, Yvan Mivelaz, Stefano Di Bernardo, Bruno R da Costa, Arnaud Chiolero, Nicole Sekarski
INTRODUCTION: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis that is measured in adults and children to better understand the natural history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In adults, CIMT is predictive of myocardial infarction and stroke. In children and adolescents, CIMT is used to assess vascular changes in the presence of CVD risk factors (obesity, hypertension, smoking, etc) or clinical conditions associated with a high risk for premature CVD. However, there is no comprehensive overview, in a life-course epidemiology perspective, of the risk factors and determinants of CIMT in children...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
Violaine Smaïl-Faugeron, Anne-Marie Glenny, Frédéric Courson, Pierre Durieux, Michele Muller-Bolla, Helene Fron Chabouis
BACKGROUND: In children, dental caries (tooth decay) is among the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. Pulp interventions are indicated for extensive tooth decay. Depending on the severity of the disease, three pulp treatment techniques are available: direct pulp capping, pulpotomy and pulpectomy. After treatment, the cavity is filled with a medicament. Materials commonly used include mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide, formocresol or ferric sulphate.This is an update of a Cochrane Review published in 2014 when insufficient evidence was found to clearly identify one superior pulpotomy medicament and technique...
May 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hani Shash, Becher Al-Halabi, Salah Aldekhayel, Tassos Dionisopoulos
Background: Evidence on the use of omental flaps for breast reconstruction in patients with breast cancer is lacking, and no published reviews report an outcome-based assessment of such flap. This review explores available data and evidence for change in complication rates following the shift toward laparoscopic harvesting. Methods: We searched the databases Excerpta Medica database, MEDLINE, and PubMed from inception until December 2015 using search terms "omental flaps" and "breast reconstruction...
May 2018: Plastic Surgery
Wuyou Li, Hang Yang, Yujing Gong, Shujuan Wang, Yuhong Li, Hongping Wei
Enterococcus faecalis is a commensal opportunistic pathogen found in the intestine, mouth, and vaginal tract of humans. As an invasive pathogen in the oral cavity, E. faecalis is one of the leading causes of periapical endodontic lesions. However, due to the strong biofilm-forming capacity and tolerance of E. faecalis to conventional antibiotics and treatments, limited therapeutic options are available. In the present study, we investigated the activity of ClyR, a chimeric lysin with extended streptococcal lytic spectrum, against planktonic and sessile E...
May 29, 2018: Viruses
Emanuel Plataniotis, Paul Abbott
Different calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2 ] formulations are available. The aim was to assess differences in hydroxyl ion release with different formulations. Sixty-six teeth were divided one control (n = 6) and four experimental (n = 15) groups: (i) Pulpdent Paste; (ii): DT Temporary Dressing; (iii): Ca(OH)2 powder/saline; (iv): Ca(OH)2 points; (v): no medicament. pH was measured in inner dentine and outer dentine cavities over 12 weeks. Inner dentine pH rose rapidly for all groups except the points and controls...
May 28, 2018: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
Elif Aybala Oktay, Seyda Ersahan, Selcuk Gokyay
Objective: To evaluate the effects of various endodontic regeneration agents on the push-out bond strength of Endosequence Root Repair Material (ERRM) to root-canal dentin. Methods: Fifty single-rooted human teeth were selected and instrumented to obtain a standard internal diameter of 1.5 mm. Specimens were randomly divided into four experimental groups and treated with an intracanal medicament [calcium hydroxide (CH), double antibiotic paste (DAP), triple antibiotic paste (TAP), TAP with amoxicillin (mTAP)] and a non-treated control group...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Guidelle Héloïse Kenmogne-Domning, Joseph Kamtchum-Tatuene, Steve Raoul Noumegni, Christophe Maxime Fokoua-Dongmo, Joseline Guetsop Zafack, Jean Jacques Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the second most common cause of death after ischaemic heart diseases and the third leading cause of disability worldwide. The contribution of cardiac complications to the mortality of patients with stroke is variable across studies, ranging from 12.5% to 22.7%. Many of these cardiac complications are preventable, and early recognition and adequate management guided by appropriate up-to-date knowledge of their relative incidence and fatality can help to improve patients' outcomes...
May 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Mária Szántová, Jozef Sedlačko, Martina Jakabovičová
Drug induced liver injury (DILI) is often underdiagnosed disease with increasing incidence. In developed countries it belongs to the leading causes of acute liver failure. Risk groups are women and persons older than 60 years. The work summarizes the up to date information on diagnosis and mostly used classifications on DILI. It is quite often and serious complication of medicament therapy. DILI belongs to the most often cause of acute hepatic failure in the old age in developed countries. Diagnostic procedure includes medical history (time correlation with drug intake), clinical symptoms and blood tests...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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