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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897995/monitoring-of-physiological-parameters-to-predict-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-systematic-review
#1
Ahmed M Al Rajeh, John R Hurst
INTRODUCTION: The value of monitoring physiological parameters to predict chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations is controversial. A few studies have suggested benefit from domiciliary monitoring of vital signs, and/or lung function but there is no existing systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of monitoring physiological parameters to predict COPD exacerbation. METHODS: An electronic systematic search compliant with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was conducted...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#2
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891297/exercise-rehabilitation-following-intensive-care-unit-discharge-for-recovery-from-critical-illness-executive-summary-of-a-cochrane-collaboration-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Bronwen Connolly, Lisa Salisbury, Brenda O'Neill, Louise Geneen, Abdel Douiri, Michael P W Grocott, Nicholas Hart, Timothy S Walsh, Bronagh Blackwood
Skeletal muscle wasting and weakness are major complications of critical illness and underlie the profound physical and functional impairments experienced by survivors after discharge from the intensive care unit (ICU). Exercise-based rehabilitation has been shown to be beneficial when delivered during ICU admission. This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of exercise rehabilitation initiated after ICU discharge on primary outcomes of functional exercise capacity and health-related quality of life...
December 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887609/cytotoxic-effects-of-ergone-a-compound-isolated-from-fulviformes-fastuosus
#4
Dilusha Fernando, Achyut Adhikari, Chandrika Nanayakkara, E Dilip de Silva, Ravi Wijesundera, Preethi Soysa
BACKGROUND: Mushrooms inspired the cuisines of many cultures and conventional medicaments for cancer. However, a substantial number of mushroom species are yet unexplored, possessing an unknown chemical, biological and pharmacological profiles. Fulviformes fastuosus is a terrestrial mushroom, which is commonly found in Sri Lankan woodlands. The current study was aimed at isolation and characterization of a potent cytotoxic compound from F. fastuosus and investigating the apoptotic effect induced by the active principle against cancer and normal cell lines...
November 25, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887013/severe-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-with-complete-neurological-and-neuroradiological-recovery-within-a-month-after-surgery
#5
Th Marios, Zevgaridis Dimitrios, Th Theologos, Tsonidis Christos
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is a complex syndrome evolving in the presence of degenerative changes. The choice of care and prognostic factors are controversial. The use of appropriate surgical technique is very important. Posterior approach may be chosen when pathology is present dorsally and/or in the presence of neutral to lordotic alignment. Anterior approach is the golden standard in patients with kyphosis and/or stenosis due to ventral lesions, even with three or more affected levels. A 67-year-old man presented with progressive weakness and clumsiness (mJOA: 5; Nurick: 4)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#6
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870743/epidural-local-anesthetics-versus-opioid-based-analgesic-regimens-for-postoperative-gastrointestinal-paralysis-vomiting-and-pain-after-abdominal-surgery-a-cochrane-review
#7
Joanne Guay, Mina Nishimori, Sandra L Kopp
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to compare the effects of postoperative epidural analgesia with local anesthetics to postoperative systemic or epidural opioids in terms of return of gastrointestinal transit, postoperative pain control, postoperative vomiting, incidence of gastrointestinal anastomotic leak, hospital length of stay, and cost after abdominal surgery. METHODS: Trials were identified by computerized searches of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2014, Issue 12), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE) (from 1950 to December, 2014) and Excerpta Medica dataBASE (EMBASE) (from 1974 to December 2014) and by checking the reference lists of trials retained...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869754/a-comparative-pharmacokinetics-study-of-the-anti-parkinsonian-drug-pramipexole
#8
Ratih S I Putri, Effi Setiawati, Syifa A Aziswan, Fenny Ong, Raymond R Tjandrawinata, Liana W Susanto
The present study aimed to compare pharmacokinetic parameters of two pramipexole 0.25 mg formulations in order to show bioequivalence. The study was conducted in a randomized, open-label, two-period, two-sequence, and crossover design, involving 23 healthy volunteers. One of the 0.25 mg formulations of pramipexole evaluated in the study was manufactured by PT Dexa Medica, Palembang, Indonesia, the other, used as the reference, by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany. All eligible subjects were required to fast before each drug administration period, which was separated by a one-week washout period...
November 18, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863763/guidelines-on-beta-thalassemia-major-regular-blood-transfusion-therapy-associa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-brasileira-de-hematologia-hemoterapia-e-terapia-celular-project-guidelines-associa%C3%A3-%C3%A3-o-m%C3%A3-dica-brasileira-2016
#9
Dante Langhi, Eugênia Maria Amorim Ubiali, José Francisco Comenalli Marques, Mônica de Almeida Verissimo, Sandra Regina Loggetto, Antonio Silvinato, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861358/human-papillomavirus-related-esophageal-cancer-survival-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Lanwei Guo, Shuzheng Liu, Shaokai Zhang, Qiong Chen, Meng Zhang, Peiliang Quan, Xi-Bin Sun
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been identified to be related to progression of esophageal cancer. However, the results remain controversial. A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies was therefore conducted to address this issue. METHODS: The electronic databases of MEDLINE and Excerpta Medica database were searched till April 30, 2016. Study-specific risk estimates were pooled using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Ten studies involving a total of 1184 esophageal cancer cases were included in this meta-analysis...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855607/pharmaceutical-particles-design-by-membrane-emulsification-preparation-methods-and-applications-in-drug-delivery
#11
Emma Piacentini, Marijana Dragosavac, Lidietta Giorno
Nowadays, the rational design of particles is an important issue in the development of pharmaceutical medicaments. Advances in manufacturing methods are required to design new pharmaceutical particles with target properties in terms of particle size, particle size distribution, structure and functional activity. Membrane emulsification is emerging as a promising tool for the production of emulsions and solidified particles with tailored properties in many fields. In this review, the current use of membrane emulsification in the production of pharmaceutical particles is highlighted...
November 17, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847338/a-chinese-patent-medicine-shexiang-baoxin-pill-for-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-systematic-review
#12
Zhou Zhou, Weixing Shen, Lili Yu, Cong Xu, Qibiao Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SXBXP) is a well-known Chinese patent medicine, widely used for Non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS). It is composed of seven materia medicas or extracts (Moschus, Radix Ginseng, Calculus Bovis, Cortex Cinnamomi, Styrax, Venenum Bufonis and Borneolum Syntheticum). AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is aimed to systematically review the relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the efficacy and safety of SXBXP for long-term management of NSTE-ACS...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828673/building-inclusive-health-innovation-systems-lessons-from-india
#13
Dinesh Abrol, T Sundararaman, Harilal Madhavan, K J Joseph
This article presents an overview of the changes that are taking place within the public and private health innovation systems in India including delivery of medical care, pharmaceutical products, medical devices, and Indian traditional medicine. The nature of the flaws that exist in the health innovation system is pinpointed. The response by the government, the health, technology and medical institutions, and the evolving industry is addressed on a national level. The article also discusses how the alignment of policies and institutions was developed within the scope of national health innovation systems, and how the government and the industry are dealing with the challenges to integrate health system, industry, and social policy development processes...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819778/-answer-to-comment-on-the-editorial-recommendations-to-improve-the-scientific-communication-process-in-the-revista-m%C3%A3-dica-del-imss
#14
Manuel Ramiro-H, Omar Vivas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819777/-comment-on-the-editorial-recommendations-to-improve-the-scientific-comunication-process-in-the-revista-m%C3%A3-dica-del-imss
#15
Carlos Varela-Rueda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819774/-the-diffusion-of-knowledge
#16
Manuel Ramiro-H, Enrique Cruz-A
Between August 19 and 21, the Feria del Libro de las Ciencias de la Salud (Healthcare Book Fair) took place in the Palacio de Medicina in Mexico City. Archives of Medical Research, Revista Médica del IMSS, and Saber IMSS, three of the main instruments of knowledge diffusion of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, assisted to this book fair, which was organized by the Facultad de Medicina of UNAM.
November 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812619/exopolysaccharide-dispelled-by-calcium-hydroxide-with-volatile-vehicles-related-to-bactericidal-effect-for-root-canal-medication
#17
Lei Lei, Meiying Shao, Yan Yang, Mengying Mao, Yingming Yang, Tao Hu
Objective: Enterococcus faecalis is the dominant microbial species responsible for persistent apical periodontitis with ability to deeply penetrate into the dentin. Exopolysaccharides (EPS) contribute to the pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance of E. faecalis. Our aim was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide (CH), camphorated parachlorophenol (CMCP), and chlorhexidine (CHX) against E. faecalis in dentinal tubules. Material and Methods: Decoronated single-canal human teeth and semicylindrical dentin blocks were incubated with E...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800070/relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-preterm-low-birth-weight-systematic-review
#18
Amare Teshome, Asmare Yitayeh
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal disease is a neglected bacterial infection that causes destruction of the periodontium in pregnant women. Yet its impact on the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes has not systematically evaluated and there is no clear statement on the relationship between periodontal disease and preterm low birth weight. The objective of this study was to summarize the evidence on the impact of periodontal disease on preterm low birth weight. METHODS: We searched the following data bases from January 2005 to December 2015: CINAHL (cumulative index to nursing and allied health literature), MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE (excerpta medica database), Cochrane library and Google scholar...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799436/raman-spectroscopic-analysis-of-archaeological-specimens-from-the-wreck-of-hms-swift-1770
#19
Howell G M Edwards, Dolores Elkin, Marta S Maier
Specimens from underwater archaeological excavations have rarely been analysed by Raman spectroscopy probably due to the problems associated with the presence of water and the use of alternative techniques. The discovery of the remains of the Royal Navy warship HMS Swift off the coast of Patagonia, South America, which was wrecked in 1770 while undertaking a survey from its base in the Falkland/Malvinas Islands, has afforded the opportunity for a first-pass Raman spectroscopic study of the contents of several glass jars from a wooden chest, some of which had suffered deterioration of their contents owing to leakage through their stoppers...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794147/antibacterial-efficacy-of-neem-azadirachta-indica-extract-against-enterococcus-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Mohammed Mustafa
INTRODUCTION: Debridement and disinfection of the root canal is a crucial step in the success of endodontic treatment. Several antimicrobial agents alone or in combination are used to achieve this. The objective of this in vitro study was to assess the antimicrobial efficacy of neem (Azadirachta indica) extract against Enterococcus faecalis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neem leaf extract, 2% chlorhexidine, 3% sodium hypochlorite were used to assess the antimicrobial efficiency...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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