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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316949/evaluation-of-the-role-of-probiotics-in-endodontic-treatment-a-preliminary-study
#1
Aarti Bohora, Sharad Kokate
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The principal goal of endodontics is the prevention of periapical infection. Acute and chronic apical periodontitis occur due to the persistence of pathogenic microorganisms such as Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans harboring the root canal systems of the teeth. The concept of the use of probiotics in addressing endodontic disease is new and has not been studied adequately. On the basis of the success of probiotics in periodontal treatment, this preliminary work was performed (a) to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of probiotics against common endodontic pathogens, i...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316202/-textual-research-on-the-origin-and-producing-area-of-baitouweng-radix-pulsatillae
#2
W H Wang, Z L Zhan, H S Peng, J Yang, J P Qian
Baitouweng (Pulsatilla Root), a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, was first recorded in Shen nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica) . Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge) Regel from Ranunculaceae had become the authentic source for the Baitouweng since the Song Dynasty, which was consistent with the Radix Pulsatillae collected in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Chuzhou, Anhui province, being regarded as the main producing area in ancient times, had been its genuine producing area since the period of Republic of China...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304124/distinguishing-the-chinese-materia-medica-tiepishihu-from-similar-dendrobium-species-of-the-same-genus-using-histological-and-microscopic-method
#3
Kun-Zi Yu, Hua Yan, Hai-Chuan Tai, Nan-Ping Zhang, Xian-Long Cheng, Zeng-Xi Guo, Shuang-Cheng Ma, Feng Wei
The Chinese Materia Medica, Tiepishihu, used as a tonic for over one thousand years, is a well-known precious medicine in China. According to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, its source is the species Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo, which is distinguished from other species in Dendrobium genus. However, these species from the same genus are similar with Tiepishihu and caused confusion in the market. To find a quick and simple method to distinguish Tiepishihu from other similar species, histologic and microscopic methods were combined together to investigate the transverse section of stem of Tiepishihu and other similar species...
March 17, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303219/new-sensor-technologies-in-quality-evaluation-of-chinese-materia-medica-2010-2015
#4
REVIEW
Xiaosu Miao, Qingyu Cui, Honghui Wu, Yanjiang Qiao, Yanfei Zheng, Zhisheng Wu
New sensor technologies play an important role in quality evaluation of Chinese materia medica (CMM) and include near-infrared spectroscopy, chemical imaging, electronic nose and electronic tongue. This review on quality evaluation of CMM and the application of the new sensors in this assessment is based on studies from 2010 to 2015, with prospects and opportunities for future research.
March 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300462/an-update-on-the-advancements-in-the-treatment-of-agitation-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Anton P Porsteinsson, Inga M Antonsdottir
Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are associated with significant negative outcomes for patients and their caregivers. Agitation, one of the most distressing NPS, lacks well-established long term interventions that are both effective and safe. While nonpharmacological interventions are suggested as first-line treatment, they aren't effective in managing symptoms for every patient, resulting in pharmacological interventions for some patients. Traditionally these interventions consist of off-label use of antipsychotics, sedative/hypnotics, anxiolytics, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and antidepressants; where the efficacy doesn't necessarily outweigh the associated risks...
March 16, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298989/effects-of-different-intra-canal-medicaments-on-the-push-out-bond-strength-of-endodontic-sealers
#6
Sahar Shakouie, Shahriar Shahi, Mohammad Samiei, Amin-Salem Milani, Mohammad-Frough Reyhani, Sara Paksefat, Mahsa Eskandarinekhad, Negin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: One of the essential properties of the root canal sealers is the adhesion to root canal dentin and their higher bond strength decreases the microleakage. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of Different Intracanal medicaments on the push out bond strength of AH26 and MTA Fillapex sealers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 104 one-rooted extracted human teeth were divided into 4 (n=26) experimental groups. After the cleaning and shaping, the root canals were filled with Ca(OH)2, triantibiotic paste (TAP), Metapex or 2% chlorhexidine gel for two weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293665/comparison-of-endodontic-medicaments-on-bond-strength-of-fiber-post-to-root-dentin-using-resin-cement
#7
Maryam Zare Jahromi, Mehrdad Barekatain, Shirin Ravanbod, Parisa Ranjbarian, Sara Kousehlar
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Endodontic irrigants and medicaments may affect the bond strength of intracanal posts to root dentin. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) and 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) on bond strength of fiber post cemented with resin cement to root dentin. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 36 mandibular premolars. Canals were prepared using the step back technique...
March 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287319/the-effect-of-green-tea-consumption-on-prostate-cancer-risk-and-progression-a-systematic-review
#8
Sabrina Anne Jacob, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Learn-Han Lee
This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical benefits of green tea consumption on the progression and prevention of prostate cancer (PCa). A systematic search was performed across the following databases: PubMed, Excerpta Medica dataBASE, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, Current Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We included studies from database inception to September 2015...
April 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287293/-classical-antihypertensive-drugs-diuretics
#9
Viktor László Nagy
The diuretics are essential medicaments of antihypertensive therapy. They reduce blood pressure and cardiovascular events optimally. With increasing doses of thiazides and thiazide analogs do not come further powerful effect of reducing blood pressure or cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, but clearly elevate the side effects. Because of it, the minimum effective dose level and the fixed-dose combination therapy should be preferred. The use these drugs leads to especially positive outcome in elder patients, isolated systolic hypertension, heart failure, after stroke and in black population...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282010/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274076/physiological-root-end-closure-in-a-traumatized-young-permanent-tooth-using-collagen-particles-as-pulpal-dressing
#11
V Krishnapriya, Divya Gaur, Ch Santosh Kumar, G Shilpa
The management of traumatized young permanent teeth has always been a challenge to the clinician, considering the importance of retaining the vitality of the tooth. Recently, collagen particles have been successfully used as pulpotomy medicaments in primary teeth. This case report shows the use of collagen particles as pulpal dressing in a traumatized young permanent tooth of a nine-year-old child presenting with complicated fracture of young permanent left maxillary central incisor. Partial pulpotomy was performed with collagen particles (Biofil-AB) as pulpal dressing...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274050/effect-of-calcium-hydroxide-based-intracanal-medicaments-on-the-apical-sealing-ability-of-resin-based-sealer-and-guttapercha-obturated-root-canals
#12
Rithima R Sokhi, M V Sumanthini, Vanitha U Shenoy, Mohit A Bodhwani
INTRODUCTION: Calcium Hydroxide (CH) is one of the most commonly used intracanal medicaments which can be used with various vehicles. AIM: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of three CH based intracanal medicaments on the apical sealing ability of AH Plus - guttapercha obturation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Crowns of 100 extracted single rooted human teeth were sectioned at the Cemento-Enamel Junction (CEJ) to a standardized length...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274034/efficacy-of-triple-antibiotic-paste-moxifloxacin-calcium-hydroxide-and-2-chlorhexidine-gel-in-elimination-of-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Ashik Ali Lakhani, K S Sekhar, Pankaj Gupta, Bellam Tejolatha, Anjali Gupta, Shruti Kashyap, Veena Desai, Shanin Farista
INTRODUCTION: Root canal treatment is incomplete without usage of intra canal medicaments. They help in the reduction of bacterial count and its by-products, making canals clean and decreasing postoperative pains. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial activity of triple antibiotic paste, Moxifloxacin, calcium hydroxide and 2% Chlorhexidine (CHX) gel in elimination of Enterococcous faecalis (E. faecalis). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five root blocks were obtained from extracted single rooted human teeth...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272363/correlation-between-prenatal-exposure-to-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-pbdes-and-infant-birth-outcomes-a-meta-analysis-and-an-experimental-study
#14
Xuemin Zhao, Shiqiao Peng, Yang Xiang, Yali Yang, Jing Li, Zhongyan Shan, Weiping Teng
Only a few epidemiological studies have focused on the correlation between prenatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and infant birth outcomes (IBO), and the results of these epidemiological studies are contradictory. The objective of this study was to assess the correlation between prenatal exposure to PBDEs (PEP) and IBO (i.e., birth weight) in an analysis of epidemiological studies and an experimental animals study. We searched databases of the medical literature (PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure) for articles and pooled the results of the included epidemiological studies...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270441/insulin-sensitizer-prevents-and-ameliorates-experimental-type-1-diabetes
#15
Michael Valitsky, Amnon Hoffman, Terry Unterman, Jacob Bar-Tana
Insulin-dependent type-1 diabetes (T1D) is driven by autoimmune beta-cell failure, whereas systemic resistance to insulin is considered the hallmark of insulin-independent type-2 diabetes (T2D). In contrast to this canonical dichotomy, insulin resistance appears to precede the overt diabetic stage of T1D and to predict its progression, implying that insulin sensitizers may change the course of T1D. However, previous attempts to ameliorate T1D in animal models or patients by insulin sensitizers have largely failed...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268037/sexual-health-after-breast-cancer-recommendations-from-the-spanish-menopause-society-federaci%C3%A3-n-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-sociedades-de-sexolog%C3%A3-a-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-de-atenci%C3%A3-n-primaria-and-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-oncolog%C3%A3-a-m%C3%A3-dica
#16
REVIEW
Nicolás Mendoza, Francisca Molero, Fermín Criado, Mª Jesús Cornellana, Encarna González
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. As survival rates are increasing, the long-term health problems of survivors now need attention. Many survivors develop sexual disorders as a consequence of either the side-effects of treatment or induced menopause. A panel of experts from various Spanish scientific societies (Spanish Menopause Society, SMS; Federación Española de Sociedades de Sexología, FESS; Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria, SEMERGEN; and Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica) met to develop recommendations for the management of sexual health in breast cancer survivors based on the best evidence available...
February 20, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262629/-results-of-cholecystectomies-2003-2010-in-a-small-hospital-in-iceland
#17
Marta Ros Berndsen, Fritz Hendrik Berndsen
AIM: Cholecystectomy is a common procedure in general surgery. The aim of this study was to retrospectivly assess the results of cholecystectomies performed in Akranes Hospital (AH), a small hospital in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients that underwent a cholecystectomy in AH from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2010. Patient records were reviewed from AH, as well as from Landspitali University Hospital and Domus Medica. RESULTS: 378 operations were performed...
2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258273/additive-and-reducing-effects-between-calcium-hydroxide-and-current-irrigation-solutions
#18
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Rasoul Sahebalam, Jun Ichiro Kinoshita
Microorganisms should be considered to have the major role in starting and perpetuation of pulpo-periapical diseases. Using intracanal medicaments is necessary to gain a bacteria-free environment in the canal system. Calcium hydroxide (abbreviated as Ca(OH)2), which is the most commonly used medicament in endodontic therapy, has been shown to be effective against primary sources of infection; however, its effectiveness against some microorganisms, such as Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis has not been proved...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246449/influence-of-training-and-competitive-sessions-on-peripheral-%C3%AE-endorphin-levels-in-training-show-jumping-horses
#19
Cristina Cravana, P Medica, G Ragonese, E Fazio
AIM: To investigate the effects of training sessions on circulating β-endorphin changes in sport horses before and after competition and to ascertain whether competition would affect this response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 trained jumping horses were randomly assigned to one of two training groups: Group A (competing) and Group B (not competing). To determined plasma β-endorphin concentrations, two pre- and post-competition training weeks at aerobic workout and two competitive show jumping event days at anaerobic workout were measured before, 5 and 30 min after exercise...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243174/anatomic-study-of-the-nervous-communication-between-the-median-and-musculoucutaneous-nerve
#20
Edie Benedito Caetano, Luiz Ângelo Vieira, Cristina Schmitt Cavalheiro, Mauro Razuk, Marco Antonio Pires Almargo, Mauricio Ferreira Caetano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of nerve communication between the musculocutaneous and median nerve . METHODS: Anatomical dissection of 40 limbs from 20 fetal cadavers was performed at the Laboratory of Anatomy, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo . RESULTS: A communicating branch was found in 10 upper limbs. In nine limbs there was a musculocutaneous-median anastomosis (type I); and in one limb there was a median-musculocutaneous anastomosis (type II) ...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
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