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Roberta Fida, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Michael P Leiter
BACKGROUND: Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
October 13, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Vanessa Burholt, Matthew Steven Roberts, Charles Brian Alexander Musselwhite
BACKGROUND: The potential for environmental interventions to improve health and wellbeing has assumed particular importance in the face of unprecedented population ageing. However, presently observational environmental assessment tools are unsuitable for 'all ages'. This article describes the development of the Older People's External Residential Assessment Tool (OPERAT). METHODS: Potential items were identified through review and consultation with an Expert Advisory Group...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
Roberta Meneses Oliveira, Lucilane Maria Sales da Silva, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes, Adriana Catarina de Souza Oliveira, Rosario Gómez Sánchez, Raimundo Augusto Martins Torres
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the concept of disruptive behavior in healthcare work. METHOD: An integrative review carried out in the theoretical phase of a qualitative research substantiated by the theoretical framework of the Hybrid Model of Concept Development. The search for articles was conducted in the CINAHL, LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed and SciVerse Scopus databases in 2013. RESULTS: 70 scientific articles answered the guiding question and lead to attributes of disruptive behavior, being: incivility, psychological violence and physical/sexual violence; with their main antecedents (intrapersonal, interpersonal and organizational) being: personality characteristics, stress and work overload; and consequences of: workers' moral/mental distress, compromised patient safety, labor loss, and disruption of communication, collaboration and teamwork...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Barbara B Brown, Carol M Werner, Ken R Smith, Calvin P Tribby, Harvey J Miller, Wyatt A Jensen, Doug Tharp
Understanding who takes advantage of new transit (public transportation) interventions is important for personal and environmental health. We examine transit ridership for residents living near a new light rail construction as part of "complete street," pedestrian-friendly improvements. Adult residents (n=536) completed surveys and wore accelerometer and GPS units that tracked ridership before and after new transit service started. Transit riders were more physically active. Those from environments rated as more walkable were likely to be continuing transit riders...
June 2016: Journal of Environmental Psychology
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
Ni Gusti Ayu Eka, Derek Chambers, Aru Narayanasamy
Uncivil behaviour is a phenomenon that has attracted a growing number of investigations, particularly in Western based nurse education. Unlike the West, uncivil behaviour is a relatively new field of study to Indonesia. However, with the incidence of incivility becoming a growing problem within Indonesian nurse education it is one that warrants investigation. This study investigated; the construct of uncivil behaviour and how it is perceived by students and faculty within the Indonesia context. The impact that socio economic status may play in its manifestation is also explored...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Jennie L Hill, Clarice N Waters, Korine N Kolivras, Paul A Estabrooks, Jamie M Zoellner
The goal of this work was to provide a community-academic partnership with actionable information for physical activity (PA) for a rural health-disparate region. Identified PA outlets were audited and combined with survey data for 813 residents in the region. Less than a third of sampled residents (28%) met PA recommendations, with low perceptions of safety for PA. PA resource outlets in rural areas had higher numbers of incivilities. On the basis of our findings, 4 actionable strategies are recommended: shared-use agreements, reducing incivilities, addressing issues related to safety from traffic, and increasing the number of PA resources in rural areas...
October 2016: Family & Community Health
Christopher C Rosen, Joel Koopman, Allison S Gabriel, Russell E Johnson
Incivility at work-low intensity deviant behaviors with an ambiguous intent to harm-has been on the rise, yielding negative consequences for employees' well-being and companies' bottom-lines. Although examinations of incivility have gained momentum in organizational research, theory and empirical tests involving dynamic, within-person processes associated with this negative interpersonal behavior are limited. Drawing from ego depletion theory, we test how experiencing incivility precipitates instigating incivility toward others at work via reduced self-control...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Jones Lynette, Ilia Echevarria, Emily Sun, Jane Greene Ryan
Incivility affects nurses throughout education and practice; it directly affects patient safety as well as nurses' decisions to remain in academia and clinical practice. This article reviews the current literature on incivility and proposes the application of social learning theory to evidence-based strategies that can be implemented to combat incivility.
September 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Daniel Tumminelli O'Brien
Informal social control is considered a vital component of the well-being of urban communities. Though some argue that the actions that constitute this social process are often said to reflect territoriality, little else is known about how individuals contribute to it. The current study leverages a database of over 600,000 requests for government services received by the city of Boston, MA's 311 system as a way to answer such questions, focusing particularly on reports of issues in the public space arising from incivilities...
September 2016: Social Science Research
Anya Bostian Peters, Lynne King
Faculty-to-faculty incivility negatively affects not only the victim of the uncivil behavior but also the nursing program as a whole. This phenomenological study explored the experiences of academic nurse administrators who have dealt with incivility among and between faculty members. An interpretative approach was used to uncover themes, and suggestions are made for managing faculty-to-faculty incivility.
July 21, 2016: Nurse Educator
Renae Authement
BACKGROUND: This article discusses problems associated with incivility in nursing education and a proposed implementation strategy designed to decrease uncivil acts of student behavior. PROBLEM DESCRIPTION: Like most colleges across the nation, this nursing program was experiencing an increase in acts of student incivility. OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS: Incivility, also called bullying, may include behaviors such as name calling, side conversations, and condescending language...
August 2016: Nursing
Jerome N Rachele, Fatima Ghani, Venurs Hui Yee Loh, Wendy J Brown, Gavin Turrell
Limitations have arisen when measuring associations between the neighbourhood social environment and physical activity, including same-source bias, and the reliability of aggregated neighbourhood-level social environment measures. This study aims to examine cross-sectional associations between the neighbourhood social environment (perceptions of incivilities, crime, and social cohesion) and self-reported physical activity, while accounting for same-source bias and reliability of neighbourhood-level exposure measures, using data from a large population-based clustered sample...
June 28, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Carla A Zimmerman, Adrienne R Carter-Sowell, Xiaohong Xu
Research on the retention of women in academia has focused on challenges, including a "chilly climate," devaluation, and incivility. The unique consequences of workplace ostracism - being ignored and excluded by others in an organizational setting - require focus on this experience as another interpersonal challenge for women in academia. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in the faculty experiences and outcomes of workplace ostracism, and to determine if these experiences are affected significantly by the gender composition of an employee's specific department...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Jacqui Carr, Margaret Pitt, Elizabeth Perrell, Natasha Recchia
Students who demonstrate quiet incivility can be challenging and disrupt the learning that takes place in the community setting. Recognising incivility and acting to address this behaviour with students is difficult because the behaviour is not overt or obvious to others. The most important component in attempting to manage incivility is exploring the behaviour with the student to identify the potential cause, and negotiate a strategy to improve it. It is acknowledged that the behaviour may be due to personal, academic, or professional issues...
April 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
Tahnee Nicholson, Barbara Griffin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recent research has shown day-level differences in an individual's experience of uncivil behavior; however, it is unknown if that experience follows a consistent weekly change pattern. This study extends incivility theory and research by applying latent growth curve (LGC) modeling to diary study data to understand day-to-day changes in incivility. DESIGN: The authors took a theory-driven approach, reviewing both mood and recovery theory that would support a decrease in incivility over the working week...
June 9, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Ursula Hess, Michel Cossette, Shlomo Hareli
Three studies were conducted to assess self-serving biases in participants' beliefs about incivility, its antecedents and consequences as well as restitution behaviors and forgiveness as a function of whether a behavior was performed by themselves, strangers or friends. Participants who imagined themselves in the active role not only described their own behavior as more excusable, congruent with an actor-observer bias, but more importantly, they showed strong self-serving biases with regard to all their reactions to the situation - even though this leads to logical contradictions...
February 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
Kathi N Miner, Lilia M Cortina
The present study examined perceptions of interpersonal injustice as a mediator of the relationship between observed incivility toward women at work and employees' occupational well-being. We also examined gender of the observer as a moderator of these mediational relationships. Using online survey data from 1702 (51% women; 92% White) employees, results showed that perceptions of injustice partially mediated the relationship between observed incivility toward women and job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and organizational trust...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Belinda Mikaelian, David Stanley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
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