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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079434/previous-pregnancy-outcomes-and-subsequent-pregnancy-anxiety-in-a-quebec-prospective-cohort
#1
Gabriel D Shapiro, Jean R Séguin, Gina Muckle, Patricia Monnier, William D Fraser
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy anxiety is an important psychosocial risk factor that may be more strongly associated with adverse birth outcomes than other measures of stress. Better understanding of the upstream predictors and causes of pregnancy anxiety could help to identify high-risk women for adverse maternal and infant outcomes. The objective of the present study was to measure the associations between five past pregnancy outcomes (live preterm birth (PTB), live term birth, miscarriage at <20 weeks, stillbirth at ≥20 weeks, and elective abortion) and pregnancy anxiety at three trimesters in a subsequent pregnancy...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073863/revisiting-sex-differences-in-outcomes-in-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Christel Renoux, Janie Coulombe, Samy Suissa
AIMS: In patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), it is uncertain whether the higher risk of ischaemic stroke in women reported in some studies is due to residual confounding. We assessed this association using standard time-fixed and more accurate time-dependent adjustment for confounders. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the computerized databases of the Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec (RAMQ), we identified a cohort of patients with NVAF during 2000-2009 and RAMQ medication coverage...
January 10, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062018/atrial-fibrillation-in-a-structurally-normal-heart-during-pregnancy-a-review-of-cases-from-a-registry-and-from-the-literature
#3
Nadine Sauvé, Évelyne Rey, Annabelle Cumyn
OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in a structurally normal heart is rare during pregnancy. We wished to use our experience to expand the literature on the causes and management of this condition. METHODS: All members of Groupe d'Étude en Médecine Obstétricale du Québec (GÉMOQ) were invited to record cases of AF in a structurally normal heart during pregnancy to the group's Registry. We searched Medline, PubMed, and Google Scholar (1946 to 15 April 2016) for relevant articles using the key words "atrial fibrillation" and "pregnancy...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050151/eastern-canadian-gastrointestinal-cancer-consensus-conference-2016
#4
D Bossé, T Ng, C Ahmad, A Alfakeeh, I Alruzug, J Biagi, J Brierley, P Chaudhury, S Cleary, B Colwell, C Cripps, L A Dawson, M Dorreen, E Ferland, P Galiatsatos, S Girard, S Gray, F Halwani, N Kopek, A Mahmud, G Martel, L Robillard, B Samson, M Seal, J Siddiqui, L Sideris, S Snow, M Thirwell, M Vickers, R Goodwin, R Goel, T Hsu, E Tsvetkova, B Ward, T Asmis
The annual Eastern Canadian Gastrointestinal Cancer Consensus Conference 2016 was held in Montreal, Quebec, 5-7 February. Experts in radiation oncology, medical oncology, surgical oncology, and infectious diseases involved in the management of patients with gastrointestinal malignancies participated in presentations and discussion sessions for the purpose of developing the recommendations presented here. This consensus statement addresses multiple topics: ■ Follow-up and survivorship of patients with resected colorectal cancer■ Indications for liver metastasectomy■ Treatment of oligometastases by stereotactic body radiation therapy■ Treatment of borderline resectable and unresectable pancreatic cancer■ Transarterial chemoembolization in hepatocellular carcinoma■ Infectious complications of antineoplastic agents...
December 2016: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031065/phenotypic-and-genetic-associations-between-reading-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adolescence
#5
Vickie Plourde, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Ginette Dionne
Multiple studies have shown that reading abilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms, mainly inattention symptoms, are phenotypically and genetically associated during childhood. However, few studies have looked at these associations during adolescence to investigate possible developmental changes. The aim of the study is to examine the genetic and environmental etiology of the associations between inattention and hyperactivity reported by parents, and reading accuracy, reading speed, and word reading in a population-based twin sample (Quebec Newborn Twin Study)...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028188/feasibility-of-a-respiratory-movement-evaluation-tool-to-quantify-thoracoabdominal-movement-for-neuromuscular-diseases
#6
Fumio Liu, Michiyuki Kawakami, Kimimasa Tamura, Yoshihito Taki, Katsumi Shimizu, Tomoyoshi Otsuka, Tetsuya Tsuji, Chieko Miyata, Syoichi Tashiro, Ayako Wada, Katsuhiro Mizuno, Yoshimitsu Aoki, Meigen Liu
BACKGROUND: An objective method to evaluate thoracoabdominal movement is needed in daily clinical practice to detect patients at risk of hypoventilation and to allow for timely interventions in neuromuscular diseases. The clinical feasibility, reliability, and validity of a newly developed method for quantifying respiratory movement using fiber grating sensors, called the Respiratory Movement Evaluation Tool (RMET), was evaluated. METHODS: The time needed to measure respiratory movement and the usability of the measurement were determined by 5 clinicians using the Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive Technology (QUEST) 2...
December 27, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027719/childhood-body-mass-index-at-5-5-years-mediates-the-effect-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-daughters-age-at-menarche-project-ice-storm
#7
A Duchesne, A Liu, S L Jones, D P Laplante, S King
Early pubertal timing is known to put women at greater risk for adverse physiological and psychological health outcomes. Of the factors that influence girls' pubertal timing, stress experienced during childhood has been found to advance age at menarche (AAM). However, it is not known if stress experienced by mothers during or in the months before conception can be similarly associated with earlier pubertal timing. Prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) is associated with metabolic changes, such as increased childhood adiposity and risk of obesity, that have been associated with earlier menarchal age...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025953/development-and-validation-of-a-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-a-canadian-population
#8
Maude Bradette-Laplante, Élise Carbonneau, Véronique Provencher, Catherine Bégin, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches, Marie-Claude Vohl, Louise Corneau, Simone Lemieux
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to develop and validate a nutrition knowledge questionnaire in a sample of French Canadians from the province of Quebec, taking into account dietary guidelines. DESIGN: A thirty-eight-item questionnaire was developed by the research team and evaluated for content validity by an expert panel, and then administered to respondents. Face validity and construct validity were measured in a pre-test. Exploratory factor analysis and covariance structure analysis were performed to verify the structure of the questionnaire and identify problematic items...
December 27, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025393/peroxiredoxins-prevent-oxidative-stress-during-human-sperm-capacitation
#9
Donghyun Lee, Adel R Moawad, Tania Morielli, Maria C Fernandez, Cristian O'Flaherty
STUDY QUESTION: Do peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) control reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels during human sperm capacitation? SUMMARY ANSWER: PRDXs are necessary to control the levels of ROS generated during capacitation allowing spermatozoa to achieve fertilizing ability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Sperm capacitation is an oxidative event that requires low and controlled amounts of ROS to trigger phosphorylation events. PRDXs are antioxidant enzymes that not only act as scavengers but also control ROS action in somatic cells...
December 26, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010123/consequences-of-casual-sex-relationships-and-experiences-on-adolescents-psychological-well-being-a-prospective-study
#10
Sophie Dubé, Francine Lavoie, Martin Blais, Martine Hébert
Casual sexual relationships and experiences (CSREs) are still considered to be detrimental to the psychological well-being of youth even though findings remain inconclusive. Most studies have focused on emerging adulthood. Using a prospective design based on a representative sample of high school students in the province of Québec, we measured sexually active adolescents' (N = 2,304) psychological well-being six months after engaging in these relationships while controlling for prior well-being. We analyzed two forms of CSREs, friends with benefits (FWB) and one-night stand (ONS) relationships, as well as levels of sexual intimacy...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007928/cardiovascular-medicine-at-the-qu%C3%A3-bec-heart-and-lung-institute
#11
Jean-Pierre Després, Robert De Larochellière
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005684/large-cluster-outbreaks-sustain-the-hiv-epidemic-among-men-having-sex-with-men-msm-in-quebec-from-2002-to-2015
#12
Bluma G Brenner, Ruxandra-Ilinca Ibanescu, Isabelle Hardy, David Stephens, Joanne Otis, Erica Moodie, Zehava Grossman, Anne-Mieke Vandamme, Michel Roger, Mark A Wainberg
OBJECTIVE: HIV-1 epidemics among men having sex with men (MSM) remain unchecked despite advances in treatment and prevention paradigms. This study combined viral phylogenetic and behavioural risk data to better understand underlying factors governing the temporal growth of the HIV epidemic among MSM in Quebec (2002-2015). METHODS: Phylogenetic analysis of pol sequences was used to deduce HIV-1 transmission dynamics (cluster size, size distribution and growth rate) in first genotypes of treatment-naïve MSM (2004-2015, n = 3901)...
December 21, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993915/quebec-program-combats-rsv-in-northern-babies
#13
Véronique Morin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980752/novel-compound-heterozygous-mutation-in-sacs-gene-leads-to-a-milder-autosomal-recessive-spastic-ataxia-of-charlevoix-saguenay-arsacs-in-a-finnish-family
#14
Johanna Palmio, Mikko Kärppä, Peter Baumann, Sini Penttilä, Jukka Moilanen, Bjarne Udd
Autosomal recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay is a rare disorder outside Quebec causing childhood-onset cerebellar ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, and pyramidal tract signs. A Finnish family with milder form of ARSACS was found to harbor three mutations, p.E1100K, p.N1489S, and p.M1359T, in SACS gene. The mutations segregated with the disease.
December 2016: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965354/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-do-physicians-believe-they-can-meet-the-requirements-of-the-coll%C3%A3-ge-des-m%C3%A3-decins-du-qu%C3%A3-bec
#15
Isabelle Gaboury, Noémie Johnson, Christine Robin, Mireille Luc, Daniel O'Connor, Johane Patenaude, Luce Pélissier-Simard, Marianne Xhignesse
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether medical training prepares FPs to meet the requirements of the Collège des médecins du Québec for their role in advising patients on the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of survey results. SETTING: Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: Family physicians and GPs in active practice. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceptions of the role of the physician as an advisor on CAM; level of comfort responding to questions and advising patients on CAM; frequency with which patients ask their physicians about CAM; personal position on CAM; and desire for training on CAM...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936262/-a-mental-health-hygiene-experiment-the-case-of-les-pinceaux-d-or
#16
Hubert Wallot
Many research, notably that of Gene Cohen (2007), have shown positive impact of artistic activities for seniors. In 2006 in Quebec City, three professional painters have created a none lucrative organization called Les Pinceaux d'Or (The Golden Brushes). Its mission is to create a positive experience of painting learning in elderly needing persons. The organization operates in long-term health-care facilities or in low-income housings and day centers. It offers free painting courses to elderly persons referred by local community health centers or community organizations as seniors with psychosocial needs...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936261/-socio-cultural-representations-of-suicide-in-mid-20th-century-quebec-a-case-study
#17
Alexandre Pelletier-Audet
By comparing the narratives in a 1958 Montreal newspaper article with the data compiled in the Coroner inquest report, this case study seeks to assess the value of journalistic sources in historicizing the shifts in the modes of representation and emotion surrounding suicide in the province of Quebec in the middle of the twentieth century.
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932202/environmental-factors-associated-with-familial-or-non-familial-forms-of-paget-s-disease-of-bone
#18
Marie-Claude Audet, Sonia Jean, Claudia Beaudoin, Sabrina Guay-Bélanger, Jeannette Dumont, Jacques P Brown, Laëtitia Michou
OBJECTIVES: The most frequent mutation linked to Paget's disease of bone (PDB), p.Pro392Leu within SQSTM1 gene, leads to phenotypic characteristics of PDB, but this mutation is seemingly insufficient to result in complete pagetic osteoclast phenotype, suggesting that possible environmental factors play a role in PDB pathogenesis. We performed an exploratory study to identify environmental factors potentially associated with familial or non-familial form of PDB in the French-Canadian population...
December 6, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913783/three-dimensional-printed-prosthesis-demonstrates-functional-improvement-in-a-patient-with-an-amputated-thumb-a-technical-note
#19
Keun Ho Lee, Sung Jae Kim, Yong Ho Cha, Jae Lim Kim, Dong Kyu Kim, Sang Jun Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Three-dimensional printer is widely used in industry, biology, and medical fields. We report a finger prosthesis produced by a three-dimensional scanner and printer for a 67-year-old man with a right thumb amputation above the metacarpophalangeal joint. TECHNIQUE: His right amputated and left intact hands were scanned with a three-dimensional scanner, and the left-hand image was rotated to the right side to design the right thumb prosthesis. The designed prosthesis was printed with a three-dimensional printer using the fused filament fabrication output system...
December 1, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912850/oscillating-in-and-out-of-place-experiences-of-older-adults-residing-in-homeless-shelters-in-montreal-quebec
#20
Victoria F Burns
Aging in place is desirable from the perspective of older adults and policy makers alike. However, the meaning of 'place' for adults experiencing homelessness has been largely overlooked. Addressing this gap, this constructivist grounded theory study discusses the meaning of place for 15 older adults residing in emergency homeless shelters in Montreal, Quebec. Findings revealed that four interrelated dimensions of place-that is, control, comfort, privacy, and security were instrumental in supporting participants' ability to feel in place across housed-homeless trajectories...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
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