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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910254/identification-and-analysis-of-factors-contributing-to-the-reduction-in-seclusion-and-restraint-for-a-population-with-intellectual-disability
#1
Caroline Larue, Marie-Hélène Goulet, Marie-Josée Prevost, Alexandre Dumais, Jacques Bellavance
BACKGROUND: A cohort of 11 patients with an intellectual disability and a psychiatric diagnosis present severe behavioural disorders in psychiatric hospital of Quebec in 2009. Control-measure use for this clientele has now been reduced. How do management personnel, families and care teams explain the changes? What clinical interventions did management and care providers implement that contributed to the reduction? METHOD: A retrospective case study was conducted...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909663/the-quebec-city-slider-a-technique-for-capsular-closure-and-plication-in-hip-arthroscopy
#2
Travis J Menge, Jorge Chahla, Eduardo Soares, Justin J Mitchell, Marc J Philippon
Biomechanical and clinical studies have shown that the hip joint capsule plays an important role in maintaining stability and hip mechanics, including rotation and translation. The recent literature has shown that capsule closure after hip arthroscopy helps to restore stability. Without restoration of the native anatomy, the hip joint may translate when patients engage in activities that place force across the hip, leading to either microinstability or frank dislocation. The purpose of this note is to describe our preferred technique of capsular closure or plication during hip arthroscopy...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906871/performance-of-icd-based-injury-severity-measures-used-to-predict-in-hospital-mortality-and-intensive-care-admission-among-traumatic-brain-injured-patients
#3
Mathieu Gagné, Lynne Moore, Marie-Josée Sirois, Marc Simard, Claudia Beaudoin, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the main classification system used for population-based traumatic brain injury (TBI) surveillance activities but does not contain direct information on injury severity. ICD-based injury severity measures can be empirically derived or mapped to the Abbreviated Injury Scale, but no single approach has been formally recommended for TBI. OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of different ICD-based injury severity measures for predicting in-hospital mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in TBI patients...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904232/inter-professional-practices-of-private-sector-physiotherapists-for-low-back-pain-management-who-how-and-when
#4
Kadija Perreault, Clermont E Dionne, Michel Rossignol, Stéphane Poitras, Diane Morin
Purpose: Although there have been increasing demands for health care providers to take part in inter-professional practices in recent years, very little attention has been paid to the actualization of such practices in the private sector. This study describes private-sector physiotherapists' inter-professional practices regarding low back pain (LBP) management and identifies organizational and provider-level variables associated with the intensity of such practices. Method: A total of 327 randomly selected physiotherapists were surveyed in the province of Quebec...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900393/the-effects-of-alcohol-related-harms-to-others-on-self-perceived-mental-well-being-in-a-canadian-sample
#5
Candace Lewis-Laietmark, Ashley Wettlaufer, Kevin D Shield, Norman Giesbrecht, Nicole April, Mark Asbridge, Colleen Dell, Jürgen Rehm, Tim Stockwell
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the harms related to the drinking of others in five Canadian provinces, stratified by socio-demographic variables, and (2) the relationship between these harms and mental well-being. METHODS: A telephone survey sampled 375 adults from British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia. Harms related to the drinking of others were measured through 16 questions in the domains of psychological, physical, social, and financial harms...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895914/revisiting-the-internal-consistency-and-factorial-validity-of-the-8-item-morisky-medication-adherence-scale
#6
Arsène Zongo, Line Guénette, Jocelyne Moisan, Laurence Guillaumie, Sophie Lauzier, Jean-Pierre Grégoire
OBJECTIVE: To assess the internal consistency and factorial validity of the adapted French 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale in assessing adherence to noninsulin antidiabetic drug treatment. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: In a cross-sectional web survey of individuals with type 2 diabetes of the Canadian province of Quebec, self-reported adherence to the antidiabetes drug treatment was measured using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8. We assessed the internal consistency of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 with Cronbach's alpha, and factorial validity was assessed by identifying the underlying factors using exploratory factor analyses...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887823/transport-and-transformation-of-soil-derived-co2-ch4-and-doc-sustain-co2-supersaturation-in-small-boreal-streams
#7
Terhi Rasilo, Ryan H S Hutchins, Clara Ruiz-González, Paul A Del Giorgio
Streams are typically supersaturated in carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), and are recognized as important components of regional carbon (C) emissions in northern landscapes. Whereas there is consensus that in most of the systems the CO2 emitted by streams represents C fixed in the terrestrial ecosystem, the pathways delivering this C to streams are still not well understood. We assessed the contribution of direct soil CO2 injection versus the oxidation of soil-derived dissolved organic C (DOC) and CH4 in supporting CO2 supersaturation in boreal streams in Québec...
November 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881457/voluntary-euthanasia-deaths-in-quebec-outstrip-predictions-by-three-to-one
#8
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876694/hypersuccinylacetonaemia-and-normal-liver-function-in-maleylacetoacetate-isomerase-deficiency
#9
Hao Yang, Walla Al-Hertani, Denis Cyr, Rachel Laframboise, Guy Parizeault, Shu Pei Wang, Francis Rossignol, Marie-Thérèse Berthier, Yves Giguère, Paula J Waters, Grant A Mitchell
BACKGROUND: A high level of succinylacetone (SA) in blood is a sensitive, specific newborn screening marker for hepatorenal tyrosinemia type 1 (HT1, MIM 276700) caused by deficiency of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH). Newborns with HT1 are usually clinically asymptomatic but show liver dysfunction with coagulation abnormalities (prolonged prothrombin time and/or high international normalised ratio). Early treatment with nitisinone (NTBC) plus dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine prevents the complications of severe liver disease and neurological crises...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874994/ssri-and-snri-use-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#10
Anick Bérard, Odile Sheehy, Jin-Ping Zhao, Évelyne Vinet, Sasha Bernatsky, Michal Abrahamowicz
AIM: Use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in late pregnancy may be associated with an increased risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Limited data are available on the risk of PPHN associated with serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). We aimed to quantify both associations. METHODS: Using data from the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort between 1998 and 2009, we included women covered by the provincial drug plan who had a singleton live birth...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868232/prospective-longitudinal-associations-between-household-smoke-exposure-in-early-childhood-and-antisocial-behavior-at%C3%A2-age-12
#11
L S Pagani, F Lévesque-Seck, I Archambault, M Janosz
Young children exert little control over household tobacco smoke exposure, which is considered a developmental neurotoxicant. Using the Quebec Longitudinal Study birth cohort, we examine prospective associations between early childhood smoke exposure and later antisocial behavior. Parents of 1035 children reported on the presence of household smokers at seven follow-ups from ages 1.5 to 7.5. At age 12, children self-reported on five aspects of early antisocial dispositions. After adjusting for confounders, every standard deviation increase in household smoke exposure was prospectively associated with a 19% standard deviation unit increase in conduct problems (β=0...
November 20, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859924/older-adults-with-heart-failure-treated-with-carvedilol-bisoprolol-or-metoprolol-tartrate-risk-of-mortality
#12
Sylvie Perreault, Simon de Denus, Michel White, Brian White-Guay, Michel Bouvier, Marc Dorais, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Jean-Lucien Rouleau, Jean-Claude Tardif, Sarah Jenna, Benjamin Haibe-Kains, Richard Leduc, Denis Deblois
PURPOSE: The long-term use of β-blockers has been shown to improve clinical outcomes among patients with heart failure (HF). However, a lack of data persists in assessing whether carvedilol or bisoprolol are superior to metoprolol tartrate in clinical practice. We endeavored to compare the effectiveness of β-blockers among older adults following a primary hospital admission for HF. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study using Quebec administrative databases to identify patients who were using β-blockers, carvedilol, bisoprolol, or metoprolol tartrate after the diagnosis of HF...
November 16, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858698/low-back-pain-prevalence-in-healthcare-professionals-and-identification-of-factors-affecting-low-back-pain
#13
Ozge Cınar-Medeni, Bulent Elbasan, Irem Duzgun
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal system diseases are commonly observed among nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, and dieticians. OBJECTIVE: To assess working postures of nurses, physiotherapists, dentists and dieticians, to identify whether low back pain (LBP) is present, and to put forth the correlation between LBP, working posture, and other factors. METHODS: Twenty seven physiotherapists, 34 nurses, 30 dentists, and 16 dieticians were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852336/underlying-manifestations-of-developmental-phonological-disorders-in-french-speaking-pre-schoolers
#14
Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Susan Rvachew
This study examined the psycholinguistic profiles of Quebec French-speaking children with developmental phonological disorders (DPD). The purpose was to determine whether the endophenotypes that have been identified in English-speaking children with DPD are similarly associated with speech impairment in French-speaking children. Seventy-two children with DPD and ten children with normally developing speech, aged four to six years, received a comprehensive assessment battery that included measures at the phenotype level (i...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837569/syllabo-a-new-tool-to-study-sublexical-phenomena-in-spoken-quebec-french
#15
Pascale Bédard, Anne-Marie Audet, Patrick Drouin, Johanna-Pascale Roy, Julie Rivard, Pascale Tremblay
Sublexical phonotactic regularities in language have a major impact on language development, as well as on speech processing and production throughout the entire lifespan. To understand the impact of phonotactic regularities on speech and language functions at the behavioral and neural levels, it is essential to have access to oral language corpora to study these complex phenomena in different languages. Yet, probably because of their complexity, oral language corpora remain less common than written language corpora...
November 11, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833811/phytogeographic-and-genetic-variation-in-sorbus-a-traditional-antidiabetic-medicine-adaptation-in-action-in-both-a-plant-and-a-discipline
#16
Anna Bailie, Sebastien Renaut, Eliane Ubalijoro, José A Guerrero-Analco, Ammar Saleem, Pierre Haddad, John T Arnason, Timothy Johns, Alain Cuerrier
Mountain ash (Sorbus decora and S. americana) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gene expression in relation to antioxidant activity, linking phytochemistry and medicinal potential. Samples of leaf and bark from S. decora and S. americana were collected from 20 populations at four different latitudes...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831703/the-spread-of-substance-use-and-delinquency-between-adolescent-twins
#17
Brett Laursen, Amy C Hartl, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
This investigation examines the spread of problem behaviors (substance use and delinquency) between twin siblings. A sample of 628 twins (151 male twin pairs and 163 female twin pairs) drawn from the Quebec Newborn Twin Study completed inventories describing delinquency and substance use at ages 13, 14, and 15. A 3-wave longitudinal actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) identified avenues whereby problem behaviors spread from one twin to another. Problems did not spread directly between twins across domains...
November 10, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821384/the-effectiveness-of-hand-massage-on-pain-in-critically-ill-patients-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#18
Madalina Boitor, Géraldine Martorella, Andréa Maria Laizner, Christine Maheu, Céline Gélinas
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is common in the intensive care unit despite the administration of analgesia. Some trials suggest that massage can be effective at reducing postoperative pain in acute care units; however, its effects on pain relief in the intensive care unit and when pain severity is highest remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of hand massage on the pain intensity (primary outcome), unpleasantness and interference, muscle tension, anxiety, and vital signs of critically ill patients after cardiac surgery...
November 7, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808020/recovering-plastics-in-a-hospital-can-have-environmental-social-and-economic-benefits
#19
Jérôme Ribesse, Nathalie Robitaille
Plastics are omnipresent in today's healthcare facilities. In Quebec, recyclable plastics (the ones with a 1 to 7 number on it, excluding number 6 or styrofoam) represent 7% of all the waste generated by healthcare institutions - 2,907 tonnes each year (Proulx et al. 2009). The vast majority of these plastics are sent to landfill instead of being recycled due to the lack of suitable recycling systems. In collaboration with three Montreal-based hospitals, Synergie Santé Environnement (SSE) conducted an 18-month pilot project to implement a sustainable plastic recycling system with threefold objectives: reduce landfill costs, obtain royalties for the plastics and assure traceability...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781295/3d-cohort-study-the-integrated-research-network-in-perinatology-of-quebec-and-eastern-ontario
#20
William D Fraser, Gabriel D Shapiro, François Audibert, Lise Dubois, Jean-Charles Pasquier, Pierre Julien, Anick Bérard, Gina Muckle, Jacquetta Trasler, Richard E Tremblay, Haim Abenhaim, Michel Welt, Marie-Josée Bédard, François Bissonnette, Emmanuel Bujold, Robert Gagnon, Jacques L Michaud, Isabelle Girard, Jean-Marie Moutquin, Isabelle Marc, Patricia Monnier, Jean R Séguin, Zhong-Cheng Luo
BACKGROUND: The 3D Cohort Study (Design, Develop, Discover) was established to help bridge knowledge gaps about the links between various adverse exposures during pregnancy with birth outcomes and later health outcomes in children. METHODS: Pregnant women and their partners were recruited during the first trimester from nine sites in Quebec and followed along with their children through to 2 years of age. Questionnaires were administered during pregnancy and post-delivery to collect information on demographics, mental health and life style, medical history, psychosocial measures, diet, infant growth, and neurodevelopment...
November 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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