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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780693/war-of-words-interculturalism-v-multiculturalism
#1
Christian Joppke
This article tackles the relationship between interculturalism and multiculturalism from the points of view of both. Interculturalism owes its existence to a critique of multiculturalism, but of highly distorted visions of it. I distinguish between two versions of interculturalism, a majoritarian (practiced in Québec) and a post-majoritarian (in Europe), which yield diametrically opposed visions of multiculturalism, as either footloose cosmopolitan or parochial-segregationist. Among the problems of interculturalism is the vacuity of the local as its preferred site of intervention, and its rushed embracing of "diversity" that is also a central plank of neoliberal ideology...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775129/health-related-quality-of-life-and-orthosis-use-in-a-swedish-population-with-arthrogryposis
#2
Marie Eriksson, Leena Jylli, Li Villard, Anna-Karin Kroksmark, Åsa Bartonek
BACKGROUND: Joint contractures are the main characteristics for children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Orthoses are often used to enable or facilitate walking. OBJECTIVES: To describe health-related quality of life in children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and satisfaction with orthoses in those using orthoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 33 children with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita participated in the study...
May 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770100/lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-quebec-re-emergence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
C A Boutin, S Venne, M Fiset, C Fortin, D Murphy, A Severini, C Martineau, J Longtin, A C Labbé
Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1 , L2 and L3 . This LGV is associated with significant morbidity and increased risk of HIV transmission. While fewer than two cases per year were reported in Quebec before 2005, LGV emerged in 2005-2006 with 69 cases, followed by a period of low incidence (2007-2012), and subsequent re-emergence since 2013. Objectives: To describe the incidence of LGV in Quebec and the characteristics of the affected population, including demographics and risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and reinfection rates...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770089/-salmonella-thompson-outbreak-associated-with-consumption-of-chicken-shawarma-and-the-usefulness-of-genome-sequencing-in-the-investigation
#4
C Gaulin, M Fiset, C Duchesne, D Ramsay, N Savard, A Urbanek, P A Pilon, V Usongo, S Bekal
Background: A sudden increase in Salmonella Thompson ( S . Thompson) cases distributed throughout three border regions in the province of Quebec in November 2016 triggered a provincial investigation to identify a common source of contamination and to put the appropriate control measures into place. Objective: To report on the outbreak and to describe the use of genomic sequencing to identify the salmonella serotype responsible. Methods: A descriptive survey of all reported cases of Salmonella serogroup C1 that had occurred between October 1, 2016 and February 15, 2017 was conducted...
September 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760272/physical-activity-assessment-and-counseling-in-quebec-family-medicine-groups
#5
Aurélie Baillot, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon, Alex Paré, Thomas G Poder, Christine Brown, Marie-France Langlois
OBJECTIVE: To determine how often primary health care providers (PHCPs) in family medicine groups (FMGs) assess physical activity (PA) levels, provide PA counseling (PAC), and refer patients to exercise professionals; to describe patients' PA levels, physical fitness, and satisfaction regarding their PA management in FMGs; to describe available PA materials in FMGs and PHCPs' PAC self-efficacy and PA knowledge; and to identify characteristics of patients and PHCPs that determine the assessment of PA and PAC provided by PHCPs...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757352/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-rotavirus-vaccine-program-on-pediatric-acute-gastroenteritis-hospitalizations-estimating-the-overall-effect-attributable-to-the-program-as-a-whole-and-as-a-per-unit-change-in-rotavirus-vaccine-coverage
#6
Margaret K Doll, Caroline Quach, David L Buckeridge
Estimation of the overall effect of a vaccine program is essential, but the effect is typically estimated for a whole program. We estimate the overall effect of the Quebec rotavirus vaccine program launched in November 2011, and the effect for each 10% increase in rotavirus vaccine coverage on pediatric, all-cause acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations. We implemented negative binomial regressions adjusted for seasonality, long-term trends, and infection dynamics, to estimate the effect of the vaccine program as: 1) a dichotomous variable, representing program presence/absence, and linear term to account for changes in trend in the post-program period, or 2) a continuous variable, representing rotavirus vaccine coverage...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753888/mobility-and-satisfaction-with-a-microprocessor-controlled-knee-in-moderately-active-amputees-a-multi-centric-randomized-crossover-trial
#7
Céline Lansade, Eric Vicaut, Jean Paysant, Doménico Ménager, Marie-Christine Cristina, Frank Braatz, Stephan Domayer, Dominic Pérennou, Gérard Chiesa
OBJECTIVE: Microprocessor-controlled knees are generally prescribed and reimbursed for active amputees. Recent studies suggested that this technology could be useful for amputees with moderate activity level. We compared the efficiency of a microprocessor-controlled knee (MPK, Kenevo, Otto Bock) and non-MPKs (NMPKs) in these indications. METHODS: A multi-centric randomized crossover trial was conducted in 16 hospitals from 3 European countries. Participants were randomized to an MPK-NMPK sequence, testing the MPK for 3 months and the NMPK for 1 month, or to an NMPK-MPK sequence, testing the NMPK for 1 month and the MPK for 3 months...
May 10, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745702/a-longitudinal-twin-study-of-callous-unemotional-traits-during-childhood
#8
Jeffrey Henry, Ginette Dionne, Essi Viding, Amélie Petitclerc, Bei Feng, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
Previous research indicates that genetic factors largely account for the stability of callous-unemotional (CU) traits in adolescence. However, the genetic-environmental etiology of the development of CU traits has not been extensively investigated in childhood, despite work showing the reliable measurement and stability of CU traits from a young age. The aim of this study was to investigate the temporal pattern of genetic and environmental etiology of CU traits across primary school, from school entry (7 years) to middle (9 and 10 years) and late childhood (12 years)...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739338/measuring-colorectal-cancer-incidence-the-performance-of-an-algorithm-using-administrative-health-data
#9
Mamadou Diop, Erin C Strumpf, Geetanjali D Datta
BACKGROUND: Certain cancer case ascertainment methods used in Quebec and elsewhere are known to underestimate the burden of cancer, particularly for some subgroups. Algorithms using claims data are a low-cost option to improve the quality of cancer surveillance, but have not frequently been implemented at the population-level. Our objectives were to 1) develop a colorectal cancer (CRC) case ascertainment algorithm using population-level hospitalization and physician billing data, 2) validate the algorithm, and 3) describe the characteristics of cases...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727597/cardiovascular-health-profile-among-qu%C3%A3-bec-male-and-female-police-officers
#10
Philippe Gendron, Claude Lajoie, Louis Laurencelle, François Trudeau
PURPOSE: To document the cardiovascular health profile of Québec police officers (PO). METHODS: Participants answered an online questionnaire evaluating the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and symptoms. RESULTS: Two thousand, ninety-nine (2,099) male (age: 40.8 ± 9.2 years) and 756 female (age: 37.9 ± 7.9 years) PO participated in this study. The prevalence of obesity (body mass index ≥ 30░kg/m2 ) and diagnosed hypertension was respectively 21...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720281/latent-class-analysis-of-the-multivariate-delirium-index-in-long-term-care-settings
#11
Antonio Ciampi, Chun Bai, Alina Dyachenko, Jane McCusker, Martin G Cole, Eric Belzile
ABSTRACTBackground:A few studies examine the time evolution of delirium in long-term care (LTC) settings. In this work, we analyze the multivariate Delirium Index (DI) time evolution in LTC settings. METHODS: The multivariate DI was measured weekly for six months in seven LTC facilities, located in Montreal and Quebec City. Data were analyzed using a hidden Markov chain/latent class model (HMC/LC). RESULTS: The analysis sample included 276 LTC residents. Four ordered latent classes were identified: fairly healthy (low "disorientation" and "memory impairment," negligible other DI symptoms), moderately ill (low "inattention" and "disorientation," medium "memory impairment"), clearly sick (low "disorganized thinking" and "altered level of consciousness," medium "inattention," "disorientation," "memory impairment" and "hypoactivity"), and very sick (low "hypoactivity," medium "altered level of consciousness," high "inattention," "disorganized thinking," "disorientation" and "memory impairment")...
May 3, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706690/effects-of-mcgill-stabilization-exercises-and-conventional-physiotherapy-on-pain-functional-disability-and-active-back-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#12
Arsalan Ghorbanpour, Mahmoud Reza Azghani, Mohammad Taghipour, Zahra Salahzadeh, Fariba Ghaderi, Ali E Oskouei
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to compare the effects of "McGill stabilization exercises" and "conventional physiotherapy" on pain, functional disability and active back flexion and extension range of motion in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty four patients with chronic non-specific low back pain were randomly assigned to McGill stabilization exercises group (n=17) and conventional physiotherapy group (n=17). In both groups, patients performed the corresponding exercises for six weeks...
April 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706254/mammography-clinical-image-quality-and-the-false-positive-rate-in-a-canadian-breast-cancer-screening-program
#13
Marie-Hélène Guertin, Isabelle Théberge, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Michel-Pierre Dufresne, Éric Pelletier, Jacques Brisson
PURPOSE: The study sought to determine if mammography quality is associated with the false positive (FP) rate in the Quebec breast cancer screening program in 2004 and 2005. METHODS: Mammography quality of a random sample of screen-film mammograms was evaluated by an expert radiologist following the criteria of the Canadian Association of Radiologists. For each screening examination, scores ranging from 1 (poor quality) to 5 (excellent quality) were attributed for positioning, compression, contrast, exposure level, sharpness, and artifacts...
May 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704685/is-it-research-or-is-it-clinical-revisiting-an-old-frontier-through-the-lens-of-next-generation-sequencing-technologies
#14
Gabrielle Bertier, Anne Cambon-Thomsen, Yann Joly
As next-generation sequencing technologies (NGS) are increasingly used in the clinic, one issue often pointed out in the literature is the fact that their implementation "blurs the line" between research and healthcare. Indeed, NGS data obtained through research study may have clinical significance, and patients may consent that their data is shared in international databases used in research. This blurred line may increase the risk of therapeutic misconception, or that of over-reporting incidental findings...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691489/the-relationship-between-yogurt-consumption-body-weight-and-metabolic-profiles-in-youth-with-a-familial-predisposition-to-obesity
#15
Shirin Panahi, Annette Gallant, Angelo Tremblay, Louis Pérusse, Jean-Pierre Després, Vicky Drapeau
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between yogurt consumption, family history of obesity (FHO), and health determinants. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Youth (n = 198; mean age: 20 ± 0.5 years) from the Québec Family Study were first classified based on their FHO, defined as the presence or absence of at least one obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) parent [with FHO (FHO+; n = 112) or without FHO (FHO-; n = 86)] and then on their yogurt consumption [yogurt consumers (YC+) n = 61 or non-consumers (YC-) n = 137]...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685127/validation-of-a-self-administered-web-based-24-hour-dietary-recall-among-pregnant-women
#16
Claudia Savard, Simone Lemieux, Jacynthe Lafrenière, Catherine Laramée, Julie Robitaille, Anne-Sophie Morisset
BACKGROUND: The use of valid dietary assessment methods is crucial to analyse adherence to dietary recommendations among pregnant women. This study aims to assess the relative validity of a self-administered Web-based 24-h dietary recall, the R24W, against a pen-paper 3-day food record (FR) among pregnant women. METHODS: Sixty (60) pregnant women recruited at 9.3 ± 0.7 weeks of pregnancy in Quebec City completed, at each trimester, 3 R24W and a 3-day FR. Mean energy and nutrient intakes reported by both tools were compared using paired Student T-Tests...
April 23, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683187/early-warm-rewarding-parenting-moderates-the-genetic-contributions-to-callous-unemotional-traits-in-childhood
#17
Jeffrey Henry, Ginette Dionne, Essi Viding, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay, Michel Boivin
BACKGROUND: Previous gene-environment interaction studies of CU traits have relied on the candidate gene approach, which does not account for the entire genetic load of complex phenotypes. Moreover, these studies have not examined the role of positive environmental factors such as warm/rewarding parenting. The aim of the present study was to determine whether early warm/rewarding parenting moderates the genetic contributions (i.e., heritability) to callous-unemotional (CU) traits at school age...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682354/pathology-and-treatment-of-traumatic-cervical-spine-syndrome-whiplash-injury
#18
REVIEW
Nobuhiro Tanaka, Kivanc Atesok, Kazuyoshi Nakanishi, Naosuke Kamei, Toshio Nakamae, Shinji Kotaka, Nobuo Adachi
Traumatic cervical syndrome comprises the various symptoms that occur as a result of external force such as that of a traffic accident. In 1995, the Quebec Task Force on whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) formulated the Quebec classification, with accompanying clinical practice guidelines. These guidelines were in accordance with the stated clinical isolated or combined symptoms of the syndrome: neck pain, headaches, dizziness, numbness of head or face, eye pain, vision loss, double vision, tinnitus, hearing loss, nausea, and numbness and/or weakness of extremities...
2018: Advances in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664177/-osler-warned-was-william-osler-a-grave-robber-while-at-mcgill-or-was-he-a-victim-or-perpetrator-of-one-final-practical-joke
#19
James R Wright
Bodysnatching was an illegal way to procure cadavers for anatomical dissection before the existence of effective anatomy legislation. As knowledge of anatomy was fundamental to medical practice, many famous 19th century physicians turned a blind eye to this activity or even participated. Sir William Osler, perhaps the most revered physician of all time, received his medical degree from McGill University in 1872 and then served as pathologist at Montreal General Hospital from 1874 to 1884, where he began a career which culminated in him becoming both the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and then Regius Professor at Oxford...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656144/short-and-long-term-management-of-cases-of-venom-induced-anaphylaxis-via-is-suboptimal
#20
Ashley Tritt, Sofianne Gabrielli, Sarah Zahabi, Ann Clarke, Jocelyn Moisan, Harley Eisman, Judy Morris, Lea Restivo, Greg Shand, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
BACKGROUND: Venom induced anaphylaxis (VIA) accounts for severe reactions. However, little is known about the short and long-term management of VIA cases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the short and long-term management of VIA. METHODS: Using a national anaphylaxis registry (C-CARE), we identified VIA cases presenting to EDs in Montreal and to emergency medical services(EMS) in Western Quebec over a four-year period. Data were collected on clinical characteristics, triggers, and management...
April 12, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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