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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149308/paternity-analysis-of-wood-turtles-glyptemys-insculpta-reveals-complex-mating-patterns
#1
Cindy Bouchard, Nathalie Tessier, François-Joseph Lapointe
Mating system characteristics are of great importance as they may influence male and female reproductive success and reproductive isolation. The wood turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) is a terrestrial freshwater species listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Considering its conservation status and the paucity of information currently available on parentage relationship for the species, we performed a microsatellite analysis to study the mating system of wood turtles in the Shawinigan River (Québec)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149070/placement-stability-cumulative-time-in-care-and-permanency-using-administrative-data-from-cps-to-track-placement-trajectories
#2
Sonia Hélie, Marie-Andrée Poirier, Tonino Esposito, Daniel Turcotte
Objectives: The Quebec Youth Protection Act was amended in 2007. The main goal of this reform was to improve placement stability for children who are removed from their home for their protection. Among several legal provisions introduced was the establishment of maximum age-specific durations of out-of-home care, after which a plan must be established to provide stability for children placed in substitute care by finding permanent homes for them. The purpose of this study is (1) to examine trends in placement use and placement stability since the reform and (2) to document the current frequency of each type of placement setting, the cumulative time in care before the exit to permanency, and the sustainability of the permanency outcome...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145996/-comparative-profile-of-the-use-of-filter-needles-in-quebec-and-france-in-healthcare-facility
#3
L Painchart, P Odou, J-F Bussières
OBJECTIVES: The manipulation of drugs from glass ampules can generate particles when the ampule is broken. Several authors recommend the use of filter needle to withdraw the drug content. The main objective is to establish an inventory of the use of filter needles and the perception of pharmacists in Quebec and in France. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. A questionnaire was sent to all health facilities in Quebec (n=30) and a selection of hospitals in France (n=100)...
November 13, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145873/group-physiotherapy-compared-to-individual-physiotherapy-to-treat-urinary-incontinence-in-aging-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Chantale Dumoulin, Mélanie Morin, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Michel Tousignant, Michal Abrahamowicz
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI), one of the most prevalent health concerns confronting women aged over 60 years, affects up to 55% of older community-dwelling women-20-25% with severe symptoms. Clinical practice guidelines recommend individualized pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) as a first-line treatment for stress or mixed UI in women, although lack of human and financial resources limits delivery of this first-line treatment. Preliminary data suggest that group-based treatments may provide the answer...
November 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144162/association-between-metformin-adherence-and-all-cause-mortality-among-new-users-of-metformin-a-nested-case-control-study
#5
Patrice Simard, Nancy Presse, Louise Roy, Marc Dorais, Brian White-Guay, Agnès Räkel, Sylvie Perreault
BACKGROUND: Metformin presents better survival rates than other oral antidiabetics in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, these benefits may be dampened by inadequate treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between adherence level to metformin therapy and all-cause mortality over 10 years in incident metformin users. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted using a large cohort of beneficiaries of the Quebec public drug insurance plan, aged 45 to 85 years, who initiated metformin between 2000 and 2009...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143444/the-subversion-of-mill-and-the-ultimate-aim-of-nursing
#6
Paul C Snelling
This is lightly edited and referenced version of a presentation given at the 20th International Philosophy of Nursing conference in Quebec on 23rd August 2016. Philosophical texts are not given the same prominence in nurse education as their more valued younger sibling, primary research evidence, but they can influence practice through guidelines, codes and espoused values. John Stuart Mill's harm principle, found in On Liberty, is not a universal law, and only a thoroughgoing libertarian would defend it as such, though it, or its remnants, can be seen can be seen in policy documents...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141611/are-paraspinous-intramuscular-injections-of-botulinum-toxin-a-bont-a-efficient-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-double-blinded-crossover-trial
#7
Mélanie Cogné, Hervé Petit, Alexandre Creuzé, Dominique Liguoro, Mathieu de Seze
BACKGROUND: Treatment for patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP) is a public health issue. Intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) have shown an analgesic effect on LBP in two previous randomized controlled studies. The objective of the study was to verify the efficacy of paravertebral injections of BoNT-A in patients with LBP. METHODS: Patients were included in this phase 3 randomized double-blinded trial comparing the efficacy of BoNT-A versus placebo in a crossover study on LBP...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124887/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-gingival-inflammation-in-obese-children
#8
K Kâ, M-C Rousseau, S D Tran, M Henderson, B Nicolau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Our previous work showed a positive association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in a sample of obese and non-obese children. However, whether this association persists among obese children is unknown. We aim to investigate the extent to which MetS is associated with GCF TNF-α level among obese children. METHODOLOGY: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from visit 1 of the QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth cohort...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106367/telephone-consultations-in-urology-who-when-where-and-why
#9
Anne-Sophie Blais, Joanie Pelletier, Katherine Moore
INTRODUCTION: Telephone consultations are part of a strategy to allow access to medical expertise. Telephone consultations have been fee-for-services benefits in the province of Quebec since 2012.(1) Recent studies have shown that adequate communication is one of the most common means to prevent disability and death.(2) We sought to determine the characteristics of phone consultations made to a tertiary centre's urologists and to characterize their experience. METHODS: We performed a prospective study using all billing receipts filed by 15 academic urologists for phone consultations received during a 10-month period...
November 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103604/incidence-predictors-and-mortality-of-infective-endocarditis-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-without-prosthetic-valves
#10
Darren Mylotte, Dinela Rushani, Judith Therrien, Liming Guo, Aihua Liu, Kenneth Guo, Giuseppe Martucci, Andrew S Mackie, Jay S Kaufman, Ariane Marelli
Congenital heart disease (CHD) increases the risk of infective endocarditis (IE), though the lesion-specific risk and mortality are poorly defined. Using the population-based Quebec CHD database, we sought to describe the predictors of IE and to evaluate if IE was associated with mortality among adult CHD (ACHD) patients without prior valve replacement surgery. We extracted data on ACHD patients with IE and assessed the lesion-specific incidence of IE, risk factors for IE acquisition, and all-cause 1-year mortality...
October 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101590/the-intergenerational-association-between-parents-problem-gambling-and-impulsivity-hyperactivity-inattention-behaviors-in-children
#11
Rene Carbonneau, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay
Despite the well-established association between problem gambling and ADHD core categories of impulsivity-hyperactivity and inattention, the link between parents' problem gambling and impulsivity-hyperactivity/inattention (IH/I) behaviors in children has not been investigated. This study investigated the association between parents' problem gambling and children's IH/I behaviors while controlling for potential confounding variables. A population-based prospective cohort followed-up from kindergarten to age 30, the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Children (QLSKC), provided data over three generations...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089274/adherence-to-the-evidence-based-heart-failure-drug-treatment-are-there-sex-specific-differences-among-new-users
#12
J F Kayibanda, C Girouard, J-P Grégoire, E Demers, J Moisan
BACKGROUND: The evidence-based heart failure (HF) drug treatment is made of a β-blocker and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker, or hydralazine + isosorbide dinitrate. Little is known about sex-based difference in adherence to the evidence-based HF drug treatment. OBJECTIVES: To assess among new users of the evidence-based HF drug treatment, the association between sex and 1) persistence with the treatment 1 year after its initiation, 2) implementation of the treatment among those who persisted, and 3) overall adherence to treatment in the year following its initiation...
October 28, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069982/electroconvulsive-therapy-practice-in-the-province-of-quebec-linked-health-administrative-data-study-from-1996-to-2013
#13
Morgane Lemasson, Julie Haesebaert, Louis Rochette, Eric Pelletier, Alain Lesage, Simon Patry
OBJECTIVE: As part of a quality improvement process, we propose a model of routinely monitoring electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Canadian provinces using linked health administrative databases to generate provincial periodic reports, influence policy, and standardise ECT practices. METHODS: ECT practice in Quebec was studied from 1996 to 2013, using longitudinal data from the Quebec Integrated Chronic Disease Surveillance System of the Institut National de Santé Publique du Québec, which links 5 health administrative databases...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056086/prevalence-and-correlates-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-quebec
#14
Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Éric Fombonne, Steve Kisely, Louis Rochette, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Alain Vanasse, Manon Noiseux, Éric Pelletier, Johanne Renaud, Danielle St-Laurent, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, comorbidities, and service use of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) based on data from Quebec Integrated Chronic Diseases Surveillance System (QICDSS). METHODS: We included all residents up to age 24 eligible for health plan coverage who were in Quebec for at least 1 day from January 1, 1996, to March 31, 2015. To be considered as having an ASD, an individual had to have had at least 1 physician claim or hospital discharge abstract from 2000 to 2015 indicating one of the following ASD diagnosis codes: ICD-9 codes 299...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056085/patient-satisfaction-with-mental-health-services-based-on-andersen-s-behavioral-model
#15
Marilyn Fortin, Jean-Marie Bamvita, Marie-Josée Fleury
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to assess the satisfaction of adult patients who received mental health services (MHS) in healthcare networks staffed by multidisciplinary professionals and offering a range of MHS, and to identify variables associated with patient satisfaction. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 325 patients with mental disorders (MDs) among 4 Quebec health service networks. Data were collected using 9 standardized instruments and participant medical records...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054652/filter-feeders-increase-sedimentation-of-titanium-dioxide-the-case-of-zebra-mussels
#16
Araceli D Larios, Rama Pulicharla, Satinder Kaur Brar, Maximiliano Cledón
Titanium dioxide particles (TiO2) are widely used to produce whitens (titanium white) and different class of nanomaterials (semiconductors, photo catalysts and nanotubes). Nanomaterials are excellent adsorbents and catalysts with a wide range of applications. However, these are reported to induce biological and genetic alterations among several invertebrate groups. Invasive species such as zebra mussels can be used as model organisms to study the behavior of particles and nanoparticles (NPs) due to their wide distribution; mussels have been extensively used for monitoring water pollution...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042845/implementation-of-integrated-service-networks-under-the-quebec-mental-health-reform-facilitators-and-barriers-associated-with-different-territorial-profiles
#17
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Catherine Vallée, Denise Aubé, Lambert Farand
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates implementation of the Quebec Mental Health Reform (2005-2015), which promoted the development of integrated service networks, in 11 local service networks organized into four territorial groups according to socio-demographic characteristics and mental health services offered. METHODS: Data were collected from documents concerning networks; structured questionnaires completed by 90 managers and by 16 respondent-psychiatrists; and semi-structured interviews with 102 network stakeholders...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040471/endometriosis-fertility-index-predicts-live-births-following-surgical-resection-of-moderate-and-severe-endometriosis
#18
S Maheux-Lacroix, E Nesbitt-Hawes, R Deans, H Won, A Budden, D Adamson, J A Abbott
STUDY QUESTION: Can live birth be accurately predicted following surgical resection of moderate-severe (Stage III-IV) endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Live births can accurately be predicted with the endometriosis fertility index (EFI), with adnexal function being the most important factor to predict non-assisted reproductive technology (non-ART) fertility or the requirement for ART (www.endometriosisefi.com). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Fertility prognosis is important to many women with severe endometriosis...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037388/temperature-related-differences-in-mitochondrial-function-among-clones-of-the-cladoceran-daphnia-pulex
#19
S A Kake-Guena, K Touisse, B E Warren, K Y Scott, F Dufresne, P U Blier, H Lemieux
This study assessed the thermal sensitivity of mitochondrial respiration in the small crustacean Daphnia pulex. More specifically, we wanted to determine if clones that inhabit different latitudes and habitats showed differences in the thermal sensitivity of their mitochondrial function. The experimental design included two clones from temperate environments (Fence from Ontario and Hawrelak from Alberta) and two clones from subarctic environments (A24 from Manitoba and K154 from Quebec). The integrated mitochondrial function was measured with high-resolution respirometry following whole-animal permeabilization...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037203/the-impact-of-an-innovative-web-based-school-nutrition-intervention-to-increase-fruits-and-vegetables-and-milk-and-alternatives-in-adolescents-a-clustered-randomized-trial
#20
Karine Chamberland, Marina Sanchez, Shirin Panahi, Véronique Provencher, Jocelyn Gagnon, Vicky Drapeau
BACKGROUND: The increase in overweight and obesity in adolescents and its health-related consequences highlight the need to develop strategies, which could help them adopt healthy eating habits. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an innovative web-based school nutrition intervention (Team Nutriathlon) aimed at promoting the consumption of vegetables and fruit (V/F) and milk and alternatives (M/A) in high school students and to identify facilitators and/or barriers influencing its success...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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